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  • 1.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    A place in the memory of nation: minority policy towards the Finnish speakers in Sweden and Norway2002In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 103-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is devoted to an analysis of language policy towards the Finnish-speaking minorities in Sweden and Norway from the end of the nineteenth century until ca. 1940. After the 1880s, the language policy in both countries turned into a nationalistic phase. The common underlying doctrine was to transmit the majority language and culture to the minorities, in order to make them melt into an imagined homogeneous national culture. The minority policy was relatively similar in character in the two countries up to the end of the First World War. After that time it started to diverge. While Norway continued with an assimilative policy without compromises, Sweden adopted a somewhat modified policy. This altered policy in Sweden was partly due to the long continuity and minority status of the Sami and Torne Valley people in the Swedish nation state, but also to elements of modernization and international political change.

  • 2.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Alternative communities among the ethnic minorities in Northern Sweden: a report from an ongoing project1997In: Stat, religion, etnisitet: rapport fra Skibotn-konferansen, 27.-29. Mai 1996 / [ed] Bjørn-Petter Finstad, Tromsø: Universitetsbiblioteket i Tromsø, 1997, p. 453-462Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Arvostelu Teemu Ryyminin väitöskirjasta "De nordligste finner" ("Pohjoisimmat suomalaiset")2005In: Arina - Nordisk tidskrift for kvensk forskning - Pohjoismainen kveenitutkimuksen aikakausjulkaisu, ISSN 1502-8119, no 1, p. 118-125Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Recension av Ryymin, Teemu, : "De nordligste finner" : fremstillingen av kvenene i den finske litteraere offentligheten 1800-1939. 2003, ISBN 82-92201-08-4

  • 4.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Assimilation policy towards the ethnic minorities in Northern Sweden 1809-19391999In: Circumpolar change: building a future on experiences from the past / [ed] Håkan Myrlund; Lars Carlsson, Luleå tekniska universitet, 1999, p. 127-138Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bergqvist, Olof2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 88-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bidrag i samlingskapitlet "Regione e storia regionale in Europa. Antitesi o metafora della nazione?": discussion a cura di Rolf Petri2006In: Storie Regionali: Memoria e Ricerca. Rivista di storia contemporanea, Ravenna: FrancoAngeli , 2006, p. 107-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7. Elenius, Lars
    Både finsk och svensk: modernisering, nationalism och språkförändring i Tornedalen 1850-19392001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Both Finnish and Swedish. Modernisation, Nationalism and Language change in the Torne Valley. 1850-1939.This study deals with the impact by modernisation and nationalism on the ethnicity and national identity among the Finnish speaking minority in the Torne Valley in the north of Sweden. The starting point is 1809 when Sweden lost the Finnish part of the kingdom to Russia. It resulted in the division of the Torne Valley into two nation-states and modernisation projects. The aim of the study is to investigate what happened to the ethnic content in the national identity in the two parts of the valley over time. The focus is placed on the parish of Övertorneå on the Swedish side between 1850 and 1939. According to the modernist and constructivist approach in theories of nationalism, national consciousness and national sentiments are confined to the era of industrialisation and modernisation. In the dissertation nationalism on the contrary is regarded as a myth-symbol complex which is transferred by one or many ethnic groups from the pre-modern state to the modern nation-state. A perspective from both above and below is used in the study. The investigation in the state assimilation policy shows, by contrast with previous studies, that the main aim up to the middle of the 1880s was to maintain religious hegemony in relation to the Laestadian revivalist movement. It also shows that the assimilation policy was influenced by the continuity of the Finnish speaking minority in the nation-state and the previous link of Sweden together with Finland in the former unitary state. Moreover it shows that it was influenced by internal changes in the paradigm of education and party policy, the new international status of national minorities after First World War and language revitalisation in the Torne Valley.The process of language shift is used as an important marker of ethnicity and national identity. When following the shift of language use among the Torne Valley people from 1890 to 1930 the study shows that the language policy in school played an essential role for the shift, but the difference between women and men also reveals the impact from the society outside school. It also reveals a dynamic change from both Finnish to Swedish and reverse before 1890. In contrast to previous studies the writing abilities in Finnish was at a considerable level and sustain in time compared to the writing abilities in Swedish. The stable pattern of inter-marriage between the Swedish Torne Valley and Finland 1860-1919 reveals a cultural continuity which stands in contrast to the dramatical political events of the time.

  • 8.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Conceptions of ethnicity and nature conservation in reindeer herding areas in Sweden and Finland2016In: Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström, New York: Routledge , 2016, p. 25-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    De fem nationella minoriteterna i Sverige2008In: Kulturutskottets offentliga utfrågning om de fem nationella minoriteternas kultur, Stockholm: Sveriges riksdag , 2008, p. 8-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10. Elenius, Lars
    De nya minoritetsspråklagarna i ett historiskt perspektiv2005In: Igår, idag, imorgon: samerna, politiken och vetenskapen, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2005, p. 141-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Den nordiska minoritetspolitiken som demokratiskt experiment2009In: Är vi inte alla minoriteter i världen?: Rättigheter för urfolk, nationella minoriteter och invandrare., Stockholm: Ordfront förlag, 2009, p. 242-258Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Det förbjudna finska språket: språkpolitik och kulturell revitalisering i Tornedalen2002In: Provins : nordsvenskt magasin, ISSN 0280-9974, no 4, p. 48-57Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Det mångkulturella Norrbotten2006In: Norrbottensakademien årsskrift 2004-2005, Luleå: Norrbottensakademien , 2006, p. 41-56Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14. Elenius, Lars
    En skåning besöker Lappland: om Selma Lagerlöfs syn på de etniska minoriteterna2000In: Bilden av det samiska: samerna och det samiska i skönlitteratur, forskning och debatt / [ed] Kjell-Arne Brändström, Umeå universitet , 2000, p. 88-99Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ethnopolitical mobilisation in the North Calotte area2017In: The Barents and the Baltic Sea Region: Contacts, Influences and Social Change / [ed] Kari Alenius, Matti Enbuske, Oulu: The Historical Association of Northern Finland , 2017, Vol. 77, p. 83-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Tornedalians in northern Sweden  and  the  Kvens  in  northern  Norway  are  two large Finnish speaking national minorities. The Tornedalians was part of the continuous Finnish culture stretching from southern Finland up to the northernmost part of the Gulf of Bothnia. They were integrated in the Swedish kingdom from the 14th century but in 1809, at the time Sweden lost Finland to Russia, they were left on the Swedish side as a small and marginalised minority. In northern Norway a large immigration of Finnish speakers from Sweden and Finland took place in the 18th     and 19th century. They were, according to Norwegian tradition, called Kvens and regarded as immigrants who, as time went on, received Norwegian citizenship.

    The Tornedalians and Kvens share a common Finnish cultural heritage within   the transnational area of northernmost Scandinavia called the North Calotte.1 Both minorities were exposed to a harsh assimilation policy from the latter half of the 19th century within each nation state. During most of the 20th century they remained loyal to the majority culture of the state, but in the 1980s a strong political mobilisation and ethnic revitalisation took place, launching new political and cultural organisations. They now emphasized their Finnish cultural heritage and claimed aid from the state for the maintenance of their minority cultures.

    In the 1990s the political mobilisation was taken even further when part of the Tornedalians in Sweden, and the Kvens in Norway, claimed that they all belonged to a historically ancient Finnish speaking people called Kvens, who was mentioned in historical sources from the Viking Age. This new kind of transnational identity policy was deliberately directed against the Sámi people, who at that time received an official status as indigenous people in Norway, Sweden and Finland. Since the Sámi people claims land rights and political autonomy out of their history from immemorial   time, both history and myth has come to be in focus for the Kven movement in their transnational political mobilisation, in order to proof their legitimacy as an ancient indigenous people.

    The aim of the article is to investigate how the power relation between the Tornedalian minority and the Swedish state changed from the 1930s to the 1990s, and how the expression of ethnic and national identification changed as part of the

     

     

    1 The North Calotte region was created in the late 1950s, as a specific northern dimension of the Northern Countries [Norden]. It comprised the counties of Norway, Sweden and Finland that were tangent to the Arctic Circle.

     

     

     

    political mobilisation of the minority. The method for investigating the changed power relations is to analyse the way Tornedalian claims on the state changed and the way new types of political organisation contributed to this. The use of history in the public is an important part of this. Expressions of ethnic and national identification  in relation to political mobilisation will be investigated through  the  reading  of  some Tornedalian periodicals and journals during the period of investigation. Some comparison is done with the Kven movement in northern Norway.

  • 16.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Etniska grupper och regioner som minnesplatser2008In: Kanon och kulturarv: historia och samtid i Danmark och Sverige, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2008, p. 201-220Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ett uthålligt språk: genomförande av lagarna om användning av minoritetsspråk i förvaltningsområdena i Norrbottens län åren 2000-20042005In: Nationella minoriteter och minoritetsspråk, Stockholm: Sveriges riksdag , 2005, p. 75-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    From ethnic groups to neo-tribes: identity transformation in the age of the declining nation state2007In: Challenges of globalisation and regionalisation: proceedings I from the conference Regional Northern Identity : from past to future at Petrozavodsk State University, Petrozavodsk 2006 / [ed] Lars Elenius; Christer Karlsson, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2007, p. 40-54Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Få tjänstemän talar samiska2006In: I & M, ISSN 1404-6857, no 2, p. 15-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Minoritetsspråkslagarna har stärkt de nationella minoriteternas identitet och självuppfattning. Språkens status måste dock höjas vid myndigheter och förvaltningar för att de ska bevaras. Samiska och meänkieli talas i dag mest bland äldre.

  • 20.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förlusten av Finland - ett svenskt trauma1999In: Svenska överord: en bok om gränslöshet och begränsningar, Eslöv: Brutus Östling bokförlag Symposion AB , 1999, p. 75-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förord2007Other (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förord2007Other (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förundersökning. Centrum för forskning om nationella minoriteter vid Luleå tekniska universitet2007Report (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förändrade identifikationer på Nordkalotten2009In: Fredens konsekvenser: samhällsförändringar i norr efter 1809, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2009, p. 25-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Grape, Pehr Olof2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 279-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Guds ord på meänkieli och samiska: kyrkan och språkpolitiken under fyra biskopar2008In: Norrbotten, Luleå: Norrbottens hembygdsförbund , 2008, p. 236-252Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    History2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 295-303Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Hur äkta kan man bli som tornedaling?2006In: Met-aviisi, ISSN 1104-0939, no 1, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Identiteter i Tornedalen2010In: Tornionlaakson vuosikirja: Raja 200 vuotta, Torneå: Tornedalsrådet - Tornionlaakson maakuntamuseo , 2010, p. 329-353Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Indtroduction2016In: Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström, New York: Routledge , 2016, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Industrialization in northernmost Europe2007In: The Industrialisation process in the Barents region: proceedings from the conference The Industrialisation process in the Barents region at Pomor State University, Arkhangelsk 2005, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2007, p. 9-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Introduction2016In: Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström, New York: Routledge , 2016, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Kategoriernas makt på Nordkalotten2009In: Är vi inte alla minoriteter i världen?: rättigheter för urfolk, nationella minoriteter och invandrare, Stockholm: Ordfront förlag, 2009, p. 78-95Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Kulturhistorisk beskrivning av byarna Kaunisvaara och Sahavaara i Pajala kommun2008Report (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Kväner: en föränderlig identitet på Nordkalotten2007In: Historisk rätt?: Kultur, politik och juridik i norr, Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetetet , 2007, p. 88-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36. Elenius, Lars
    Kyrklig bildningspolitik eller nationalism bakom Finnbygdsanslaget2004In: Befolkning och bosättning i norr: etnicitet, identitet och gränser i historiens sken, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2004, p. 205-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Language skift and nation building: the case of the Finns in northern Sweden2003In: Crossing borders, changing minds?, Kristiansand: Høyskoleforlaget AS , 2003, p. 87-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Luleå stift och språkpolitiken2003In: År av liv: Luleå stift 1904-2004, Luleå: Luleå stift, Svenska kyrkan , 2003, p. 148-151Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lärarutbildning för en mångkulturell landsdel2007In: Lära till lärare i norr: lärarutbildningen i Luleå 100 år, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2007, p. 94-114Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Læstadius, Lars Levi2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 407-408Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Memory politics and the use of history: Finnish-speaking minorities at the North Calotte2010In: A European memory?: contested histories and politics of remembrance / [ed] Małgorzata Pakier, Bo Stråth, New York: Berghahn Books, 2010, p. 294-307Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Migration, industrialisation and regionalisation: papers II from the conference the Use and Abuse of History in the Barents Region at Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden 20042006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 43. Elenius, Lars
    Minoriteterna och språket: språkpolitiken mot samer och finskspråkiga svenskar 1870-19091995In: Föredrag vid Nordiska samehistoriska symposiet i Lövånger 13-14 februari 1995 / [ed] Roger Kvist, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1995, p. 25-36Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Minoritetsspråken i nationalistisk växelverkan: samiska och finska som kyrkospråk och medborgarspråk2016In: Gränsöverskridande kyrkohistoria: de språkliga minoriteterna på Nordkalotten / [ed] Daniel Lindmark, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2016, p. 13-47Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Minority policies, culture and science: papers I from the conference the Use and Abuse of History in the Barents Region at Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden 20042006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Minority policy and postmodern ethnopolitical mobilisation at the North Calotte2008In: The Borderless North: Publications of the Fourth Northern Research Forum, Oulu (Finland)-Akureyri (Island): University of Oulu, 2008, p. 136-149Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47. Elenius, Lars
    Moderniseringens betydelse för språkbytesprocessen i Tornedalen: en diskursiv beskrivning2001In: Tre kulturer i möte, Umeå: Institutionen för nordiska språk, Umeå universitet , 2001, p. 45-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Multiculturalism, migration and minorities in Finland during the three centuries2017In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 137, no 4, p. 727-730Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Mångkulturellt medborgarskap i Norrbotten i historisk belysning2007In: Norrbotten: Årsbok 2007, Luleå: Norrbottens hembygdsförbund , 2007, p. 202-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Möten mellan olika folk: den mångkulturella kyrkstaden i Gammelstad2019 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom domstolsprotokoll, husförhörslängder och giftermålslängder för att rekonstrueras den samiska närvaron i Gammelstad och den nedre älvdalen. Ännu i mitten av 1800-talet talade många i befolkningen samiska, finska eller svenska. Vi får också följa det kollektiva minnet efter samiska bosättningar i byar som Rutvik, Alvik och Måttsund. Där finns platser som kallas Lappgärdan som minnen i landskapet efter samer som bott där. I boken sätts också den tidiga finskspråkiga befolkningen i kustområdet i ny belysning. Från 1900-talets historia beskrivs hur finska krigsbarn tumultartat fick lämna ett Finland i fullt krig med Sovjetunionen. De första krigsbarnen anlände 1942 och utplacerades i familjer. En del av dem blev också kvar efter kriget.

12 1 - 50 of 93
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