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  • 1.
    King, Allen Douglas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    A good society based on economical and cultural growth: What is Kiruna?2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    King, Allen Douglas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Equal opportunities: the right to be unequal?2009Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Licentiate thesis exhibits the progress of the research in which I have been involved for the past four years. The thesis considers the influence of structural change on equal opportunities in the labour market in respect of gender. The objective is to better understand gender segregation in the labour market in the north of Sweden. A position is taken in the thesis that explores social construction in a late-modern society. Engaging neo-liberalism and gender equity, the four papers presented here draw on primary empirical data, both quantitative and qualitative, to investigate current understandings of gender segregation in the labour market in the north of Sweden. The evidence suggest that the way to participate in neo-a liberal society emerging in late-modern society is considered by some, especially by women, to be unwanted. Thereby offering a broader understanding of the influences engendering the concentration of men and, especially, women in occupations within the labour market.

  • 3.
    King, Allen Douglas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Kiruna in transformation(?)2011In: Genus i norrsken, ISSN 1654-7640, no 1-2, p. 9-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    King, Allen Douglas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Social support, friend or foe?2008In: Dilemmas of identity, new public management and governance: selected papers from the 11th international research conference, hosted by Luleå University of Technology, Department of human work science, Friday 31th August-Saturday 1st September 2007, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2008, p. 167-173Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    King, Allen Douglas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Something about gender equality in Kiruna2011In: Changes and New directions in Human Services: elected conference proceedings of the 14th international Research Conference held at Luleå University of Technology, Human Work Science, September 2010 / [ed] Elisabeth Berg, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2011, p. 85-93Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    King, Allen Douglas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Barry, Jim
    Berg, Elisabeth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Changing equal opportunities in transition?: gender and equal opportunities in Kiruna, Sweden2008In: Dilemmas for Human Services 2008: 12th International Research Conference, University of East London , 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers the effects on the local labour market, for both women and men, of the relocation of Kiruna, a large town in the north of Sweden. Whilst the area of Kiruna has been dominated by mining activity for many years this has now become the source of both problems and opportunities for those in the labour market, if not the whole community, as they ready themselves for the relocation of their town - presently situated above a number of deep mine shafts - to a safer area. Mining, transport and engineering industries flourish in Kiruna, with the current labour market and the relocation of the town expected to generate growth and a regional expansion. But the labour market for mining has been dominated traditionally by men, with women found predominantly in the public sector. A question that rises is how much will change, and who might be winners and losers, when the town relocates? Equal opportunities in labour markets have long been a part of political and philosophical debates in a number of European countries, not least Sweden where achievements of political gender equality debates have earned it an international reputation as a world leader in gender equality (Regeringskansliet, 2007). Indeed, in Sweden equal opportunities in respect of gender have been promoted as a part of the school curriculum since 1970 (SCB, 2006; Regeringskansliet, 2007). Subsequent to this and other achievements during the 1970's, social democratic politicians and other campaigners have striven to keep equal opportunities at the forefront of social awareness. This remained the case throughout the 1980's and 1990's, and into the new millennium (SCB, 2006). In 2004, for example, strategies for the integration of gender equality in Government Offices in Sweden were implemented, followed by "new" gender equality policies, that also focused on equal opportunities, in 2006 (SCB, 2006). However, in 2007 a "new" liberal approach to gender equality emerged, its significance albeit somewhat unclear. It is this on which the study focuses: changes to gender equity and labour markets in Kiruna. In order to do this we draw on early results from an empirical investigation involving a subset of data comprising 1,732 questionnaires sent to men and women respondents in the Kiruna local authority area. Although limited, the evidence suggests that the current gender discourse in Kiruna, at least amongst those that participated in the empirical research, is that the attitudes of women and men in respect of gender are decidedly similar. The indication from the data is that work is prioritised over the family and home. Yet while securing an income is widely agreed to be a joint responsibility, the evidence also suggests that the expectation that women will contribute jointly is lower. Moreover, whilst a majority of the participants agree that responsibility for taking care of the home and family is mutual, there is nonetheless a desire for men to increase their contribution. Even so, this does not mean that the men are expected to reduce the amount of paid work they do. These somewhat contradictory findings might be expected - people after all may well say one thing and then do another - but the findings do indicate that ideas of gender equity are in the minds of our respondents, even if they appear to co-exist in ways that are perhaps far from complementary, suggesting the need for an exploration that sets their responses in context as they shift between discourses of gender equity and the experience of inequity in their daily lives.This is important because it has been shown that imbalanced gender distribution has and continues to exist in the labour market in Sweden. This is despite apparent opportunities, choices and legal rights, with many men and women in Sweden ‘choosing' gender-segregated occupations and professions, raising questions about the degree of freedom in such choices even in a gender-friendly country that prides itself on equality of opportunity. Yet this appears to have predated the self-interest and competitiveness promoted by the "new" liberal equality-integration policies of the present neo-liberal coalition government concerning the freedom to choose between occupation, profession and parenthood. But what effect is this now having? In what ways have form(s) of gender discrimination persisted and are there new varieties, linked to neo-liberalism (Harvey 2005) at play? The current gender discourse allows women and men to make apparently free choices, with the prioritising of paid work over the home and family by both women and men indicating that parenthood is the least attractive option presently on offer. Indeed, the evidence suggests that denying oneself parental responsibilities - or maybe at least deferring - is becoming the norm. In order to do this parents are mutually dependent on one another and, in most cases, municipal day-care facilities provided through the offices of the local authorities. However, the present government is scrutinising the costs of this provision closely. It is issues such as these that the paper explores through a consideration of approaches to equal opportunity - a concept that is itself liberal in its promotion of equal opportunities to be unequal, in contrast to affirmative action and quotas - in changing contexts in Sweden as they impact on our case study of Kiruna

  • 7.
    King, Allen Douglas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Barry, Jim
    Berg, Elisabeth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Equal opportunities in transition?2011In: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 86-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on the attitudes of women and men in relation to gender-appropriate domestic responsibilities and equal opportunities in the changing context of neo-liberalism. Design/methodology/approach – The authors draw on results from an empirical investigation involving 1,731 questionnaires investigating the attitudes of women and men in a town in the north of Sweden. Findings – The tentative conclusions suggest that even if they appear to co-exist in contradictory ways, ideas of gender-appropriate domestic responsibilities and equality of opportunity are in the respondents' minds, alongside neo-liberal notions of individualisation. The prevailing attitudes in respect of gender suggest that women and men make apparently free “choices”; the influence of age on attitudes to gender issues is also considered. Originality/value – This paper considers neo-liberalisation and its impact on gender equity in Sweden, a country with a strong reputation for gender equity and a tradition of collective, inclusive social democracy, somewhere we would be unlikely to find its embedded presence. Using a quantitative self-reporting approach to attitudes relevant to the choices made by men and women, the study raises questions about gender-appropriate domestic responsibilities and equality of opportunity in a country that has been and continues to be regarded as one of the most gender-friendly in the world and likely to be resistant to the influence of neo-liberalism. The implications are explored, with the evidence indicating the presence of neo-liberalism co-existing, albeit perhaps uneasily, with traditions of equality of opportunity and attitudes to gender.

  • 8.
    King, Allen Douglas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Berg, Elisabeth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Om man inte har fördomar så går det bra: lokalvård och tvätt på Gällivare kommuns äldreboende, ett samarbete med Samhall AB2007Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Magnusson, Bruno
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Social Care.
    King, Allen Douglas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Intresse och behov av bostäder för äldre i Arjeplogs kommun: en projektion till och med 20122009Report (Other academic)
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