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  • 1.
    Backlund, Fredrik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Chroneer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Sundqvist, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Project Management Maturity Models – A Critical Review: A Case Study within Swedish Engineering and Construction Organizations2014In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 119, p. 837-846Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Different kinds of project management maturity models (PM3s) exist today, most of them inspired by the capability maturity model (CMM) developed in the beginning of the 90ies, originally intended to measure capability in software development projects. Research indicates that organizations with higher project management (PM) maturity levels are expected to be successful in terms of project effectiveness and efficiency, and thus have a competitive advantage in the marketplace. Though, despite several PM3s developed during a time period of over 20 years, knowledge about how PM3s are a*pplied in organizations is sparse within the PM literature. This paper explores how major engineering and construction companies view PM maturity and PM3s in order to develop and improve their PM practices. These kinds of organizations are mainly project-intensive, objective oriented,and have the capabilities to perform overall business development initiatives, i.e. suitable for applying PM3s.The contribution of PM3s to organizational improvement and development is somewhat unclear. Therefore, a literature review highlights different aspects regarding PM3s, specifically their purpose, strengths, and weaknesses. To what extent PM3s are used, interviews have been conducted with seven respondents within different project intensive organizations, in their roles as project managers or in charge of PM development. How a PM3 can beintroduced and applied is explored via an in-depth case study at the major mining company in Sweden, LKAB. However, tentative results show that the application of PM3s in Swedish engineering and construction organizations are limited, indicating that further research is needed

  • 2.
    Backlund, Fredrik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Sundqvist, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Maturity assessment: towards continuous improvements for project-based organisations?2015In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 256-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeThe aim of this study is to contribute to the empirical research on project management maturity assessments, specifically based on a maturity model. Design/methodology/approachThe empirical data is based on a case study including in-depth interviews with a semi-structured approach, followed by a focus group interview. A survey was distributed within a project-based organisation and to client and stakeholder representatives, and then analysed. The organisation in the case study is a project department within a Swedish mining company. FindingsCareful considerations are needed when choosing a project management maturity model (PM3) as the model structure can influence the assessment’s focus. It is also important to include both internal and external project stakeholders in the assessment to achieve an efficiency and effectiveness perspective when analysing PM capabilities. Valid information from an assessment is crucial, therefore, clear communication from management is important in order to motivate the participants in the assessment. Research limitations/implicationsImproved understanding for implementing and applying a PM3 contributes to the increased knowledge of drivers, enablers and obstacles when assessing PM maturity, which also creates a basis for further research initiatives. Practical implicationsAn increased knowledge of drivers, enablers and obstacles should be valuable for practitioners introducing and applying a PM3.Originality/valueThis case study gives an in-depth insight into the implementation of a PM3 within a project-based organisation. Through conducting a literature review, it was found that this type of empirical research is rare

  • 3.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Styvén, Maria Ek
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Engström, Anne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    CASE 7: Smart Growth MeMo: A business model tool for mobile services2011In: Meeting the challenges of Europe 2020: The Transformative Power of Service Innovation : Case studies collected by the expert panel on service innovation in the EU, Europe Innova , 2011, p. 12-12Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    A change in supply chain information for Swedish process industries and its consequence on a changed development focus2006In: The International Journal of Integrated Supply Management, ISSN 1477-5360, E-ISSN 1741-8097, Vol. 2, no 1-2, p. 149-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can process industries cope when there is a need for information change in product development? This paper focuses on examining if a changed development focus in process industry can be supported by an integration of supply chain information in product development. This is achieved by focusing on two theoretical perspectives, namely, technology management and supply chain management. The research is based on case studies and a survey addressing companies in various process industries. The paper reveals that an analysis of the information that flows in the entire supply chain can help managers obtain a better understanding of what new competences and knowledge are required in product development. The need for this new type of information can be further formalised by building networks that act like a support to product development. This can be one integration sector between the two theoretical perspectives: technology management and supply chain management.

  • 5.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Conducting product development in process industries - are there differences in networking?2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Customer-oriented trend in steel and pulp/paper industries: an investigation of the information and communication flow in product development projects1999Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Organization of product development projects is today at focus in many organizations. In process industries, like steel and pulp/paper, process and product development are seen as an integrated part. Product development has often been the result of a process development. Heavy investments and costly production give process a priority role in product development. There are indications in the study that steel and pulp/paper industries are headed towards a more customer-oriented approach in product development projects. Information from both internal functions as marketing and external actors as customers are of importance. However, there is a need of a more systematic approach to handle the communication and information flow in product development projects. Interfaces between R&D, marketing and other functions should be strengthening with suitable integrating mechanism. The thesis consists of a frame of reference and four appended papers. The main work is based on case studies at four companies dealing with steel or paper products.

  • 7.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Have process industries shifted their centre of gravity during the 90s?2003In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 95-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Product development is often seen as a main tool for competitiveness in organizations. In process industries, like steel and paper, process and product development are seen as an integrated part. Product development has often been the result of a process development. Heavy investments and costly production give process a priority role in product development. The role of customers and suppliers in development work has increased for process-based companies. This change will have implication on how to organize and manage development in the traditional upstream companies. Therefore, this article presents results that show some of the implications of the changed situation for Swedish process-based companies. The article also emphasizes that there are indications of a shift of traditional upstream companies' centre of gravity due to the changed perspective in development work, towards customer focus.

  • 8.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Managing new product development in process industry2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Product development in process industry: changes and consequences2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the issue of product development in Process Industry, and it is presented in the form of six appended papers together with an extended summary. Product development in Process Industry is not widely researched upon, and even less in the Swedish process Industry. For these reasons, the focus of this thesis is specifically on product development in Swedish Process Industry and on some of the consequences of a changed perspective in product development work in Process Industry. The selected research strategy has been a combination of exploratory interviews and a survey. The main academic contribution of the research is the elaboration of some of the implications of a changed perspective in development work for Swedish process industries. One contribution is that an analysis of the entire supply chain for a process-based company and its actors can facilitate this change towards a more product-focused development. Further, this thesis shows that the two disciplines; Management of Technology and Supply Chain Management can together emphasise some of the aspects that must be highlighted in order to understand and create effective product development in Process Industry. The main managerial implication of the research is the investigation of a changed perspective for Swedish process-based companies and the implications of such a change. Development managers can facilitate the change towards a more product-oriented focus in development projects by thoroughly view and analyse product development work as a process in the supply chain. Sources of innovation and key actors can be both suppliers (of machine equipment or raw material) and customers (customers and/or end- customers). However, an analysis of vital sources of innovation can require changes in both organization and means to cooperate).

  • 10.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    The impact of supply chain information and networking on product development in Swedish process industry2005In: International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, ISSN 1742-7967, E-ISSN 1742-7975, Vol. 1, no 2/3, p. 127-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will test the hypothesis that upstream companies in process industries that have changed their strategy to encompass a customer/product focus during the 1990s have also invested in and use some type of information systematisation (e.g. databases) in development. If there has been a change of strategy, then this should imply a need of changing information into development projects through networks. An increased awareness of supply chain information might support and facilitate a change of development perspective. An interesting finding in the paper is the tendency for upstream companies, compared to downstream companies, to be more interested in working in networks to acquire new competences in development projects. This can be since the information needed in projects has changed, thereby increasing the need for upstream companies to find suitable partners when it concerns both suppliers and customers, but also with other actors who can give the needed information. Today, the dilemma for process industries is that much development work requires personal contacts with customers without having suitable information technologies that support that linkage. Therefore, to reach a market-oriented perspective in development, management should, early in the process of strategy change, emphasise evaluation of needed networks and IT systems to make the development process more efficient.

  • 11.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Backlund, Fredrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    A Holistic View on Learning in Project-Based Organizations2015In: Project Management Journal, ISSN 8756-9728, E-ISSN 1938-9507, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 61-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although researchers have over the years highlighted the importance of managing and supporting learning in project-based settings, it still seems to be problematic. New project management capabilities are needed, such as systems thinking, which will allow project-based organizations to better cope with learning in the organizations. This article explores how Swedish project-based organizations within an engineering and construction context manage and support learning activities today and discusses, with the support of process management literature, how an “organizational-wide project learning process” could improve the prerequisites for learning in project-based organizations. Our findings from three project-based organizations indicate a lack of a holistic perspective on project learning. A conceptual model is proposed, with the aim of validating and promoting process thinking by introducing, for example, new roles responsible for intra- and inter-project learning, respectively.

  • 12.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Bergquist, Bjarne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Managerial complexity of R&D projects in process industry: a Swedish study2012In: Project Management Journal, ISSN 8756-9728, E-ISSN 1938-9507, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 21-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Process industries often have features that differ from other businesses, such as round-the-clock production and costly and specialized production processes—features that have not been dealt with in the project management literature. We highlight and identify the complexity of R&D projects in the Swedish process industry and its interrelated process development and product development activities based on results from interviews and a case study. The different competence areas in which a project manager must integrate and manage R&D projects is illustrated. We conclude that a project manager needs both production and product-related competence, including customers' processes

  • 13.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Styvén, Maria Ek
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Engström, Anne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Born global in a heartbeat2009In: Proceedings of the XX ISPIM Conference, Vienna, Austria, 21-24 June 2009 / [ed] K.R.E. Huizingh; S. Conn; M. Torkkeli; I. Bitran, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to enhance the knowledge of business model development in the mobile service sector by exploring the underlying components of a business model for organizations within that industry. By drawing from business model literature combined with findings from a longitudinal case study of an iPhone application, a conceptual business model for mobile services was developed. Proposed model extends earlier frameworks by adding contingency aspects and the view of core resources into a dynamic business model. Findings from the study highlight the importance for application developers to have an overall resource strategy in order to support the sustainability of their business models. This is particularly important due to the rapid pace of change in the industry and the technology.

  • 14.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Hörte, Sven-åke
    Communication in product development projects in steel and paper industry1998In: Pioneering new technologies: management issues and challenges in the third millennium : IEMC'98 proceedings, International Conference on Engineering and Technology Management / [ed] Lois S. Peters, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 1998, p. 302-307Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Hörte, Sven-åke
    Distributed engineering: organizational, managerial and engineering design issues1998Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Business model management strategies: cognitive mapping of business model landscapes2013In: Nordic Academy of Management Conference, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Business Model Management Typologies: Cognitive Mapping of Business Model Landscapes2015In: International Journal of Business and Management, ISSN 1833-3850, E-ISSN 1833-8119, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 67-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business model management is critical in the development of business models aimed to launch innovations and generate high venture performance. This study presents the use of personal construct theory and the repertory grid methodology, a new technique to explore central factors in entrepreneurs’ business model management. We identify typologies for business model management and underlying logics of these typologies.The study advances the business model literature in several ways. First it contributes with visualisation of entrepreneurs’ business model management and hence adds dimension of business model management. Second, theories and methods from cognitive psychology contribute to the literature with new knowledge on business model management. Repertory grid methodology, developed from Personal construct theory, enable identification of entrepreneurial cognitions of business models.Through 11 semi-structured interviews with serial entrepreneurs in the mobile service sector, this paper contributes with a framework that advances the business model literature by identifying business model management strategies and its defining features. Three categories are identified including six types of business model management strategies for navigating management of business models. The identified categories are: 1) “Comprehensive management” characterized by various levels of complexity, uncertainty, and variation, 2) “Risk management” characterized by various types of risks e.g. business, financial and social, and 3) “Resource management” characterized of various types of capital; e.g. financial, social, human, and innovation. The business model management typologies may assist entrepreneurs to reflect on their business model design and management. This study suggests that the repertory grid technique may be useful in understanding business model management.

  • 18.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Runardotter, Mari
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Digital platform ecosystems: From information transactions to collaboration impact2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Perzon, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    A value creation processes in the engineering education: increasing the transparency2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper adds to the discussion of developing the competences of engineers and its consequences on requirements for engineering education, i.e. the question on how can sustainable values be created in the education of businesslike engineers. Four context related aspects affecting the learning boundary for future engineers is identified. These are: students' view of learning, lecturers' views of learning, real-life examples, and manifestation of course content representation by practitioners. An important hinder for generative learning is that students are not realizing that efforts supporting generative learning are an investment in their future career both for the development of capabilities that gain generative learning in following courses, and outcomes that is demanded in industry. It is argued that real managers are more trustful when telling students, what efforts are necessary in order to gains the knowledge needed for making the most suitable answers on their questions of "what" and "how"

  • 20.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Perzon, Håkan
    Value creation in learning: experiences and outcomes from engineering education2009In: European continuing engineering education: Conceptualizing the lesson learned, Espoo: SEFI , 2009, p. 91-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Laurell-Stenlund, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Determinants of an effective product development process: towards a conceptual framework for process industry2006In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 237-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organisation and management of the product development process have been an issue in both academia and industry for over three decades. The literature on product development is growing, but Process Industry is often lacking in these discussions. Therefore, this paper focuses on linking the determinants of an effective product development process to Process Industry and the implication this may have on a traditionally very process-oriented industry by nature. Further, the paper organises the burgeoning product development literature into three main determinants: innovation type, technology strategy and organisational aspect. The selection of determinants to the conceptual framework, adjusting for Process Industry origins in previous written research material and our own empirical work of product development in Process Industry, is briefly presented at the beginning of the paper. Our literature review focuses on the product development process and builds the framework of our conceptual model detailing the elements of intra- and inter-firm processes in the product development process of the Process Industry. Our purpose is to give an increased understanding of the changed innovation pattern in Process Industry and its implication on activities concerning organisation and management of the product development process.

  • 22.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Laurell-Stenlund, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Organizational changes in product development in various process industries2001In: Proceedings: Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology : [Portland, Oregon, USA, July 29 - August 2, 2001] / [ed] Dundar F. Kocaoglu, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2001, Vol. 2, p. 589-98Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses organizational changes in development projects in various process industries due to new product development. What brings this change forward and what kinds of problems need to be solved for the companies so that they can carry out this change? What role does the strategic competence supply play in this organizational change in product development projects? Does an industry's tradition matter in this matter of change? The companies in the study are in various kinds of industries, from ore to dairy industries. The research is based on telephone and personal interviews. The purpose is to give implications of what kind of trend there is today in various industries and what impact this trend has on the organization of product development projects. It is indicated that process-oriented industries like ore, steel, and paper, are heading towards a more customer-oriented view in product development projects. The role of supplier and customer in product development projects has changed today and this influence the role of a product developer and competence requirement to projects.

  • 23.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Mirijamdotter, Anita
    Systems thinking benefits in supply change management: an illustration of the viable systems model in a supply chain2009In: International Journal of Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications, ISSN 1740-8865, E-ISSN 1740-8873, Vol. 6, no 3/4, p. 227-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing product development models are solely an organisational matter. They do not take into consideration the whole supply chain and its different actors. We investigate in this paper how Supply Chain Management (SCM) and Viable System Model (VSM) can support and create an effective use of information in product development and hence identify critical linkages in the supply chain. The aim is to introduce VSM as a framework that enable an analysis of company's supply chains and visualize vital inter-organizational relationships that should be integrated in product development.

  • 24.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Segerstedt, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Planering och styrning av byggprojekt: Platschefers versioner2011In: PLANs Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens 2011 – Logistik i praktisk tillämpning / [ed] Fredrik Persson; Martin Rudberg, Stockholm: Logistikföreningen Plan , 2011, p. 71-80Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett antal platschefer och arbetschefer i olika byggbolag har intervjuats. De har presenterat sina tankegångar och idéer om vad som är svårt och vad som är lätt i olika byggprojekt. Det som diskuterats är för och nackdelar med olika entreprenadformer, ackord, 3D-modellering, olika hjälpmedel som används, historisk kontra framtida utveckling m.m. Ett byggprojekt är ett logistiskt problem och utmaning, material skall in, men material skall oftast även ut och bort. Den inledande planeringen, val av byggmetod och arbetsplatsen organisering, var byggbaracker och materialupplag placeras är mycket viktig för att byggprojektet kan genomföras på ett effektivt sätt. Ett flertal andra konstateranden presenteras också.

  • 25.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Towards a unified definition of Urban Living Labs2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s ongoing urbanisation and the climate changes there is anincreasing demand on cities to be innovative and inclusive to solve these issues.As an answer to these challenges, the concept of Urban Living Labs has startedto emerge. These Urban Living Labs aims to involve citizens in the process ofdeveloping the city. To date, there is a confusion concerning these UrbanLiving Labs are, what their objective is, their characteristics and theirorganisation. Hence, in this paper we build on the ongoing project UNaLab andthe city representatives perspective of what an Urban Living Lab is and how itcan contribute to their city´s challenges, to define Urban Living Labs and itsthree dimensions.

  • 26.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Digital Services and Systems.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Digital Services and Systems.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Digital Services and Systems.
    Urban Living Labs: Towards an Integrated Understanding of Their Key Components2019In: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 50-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s ongoing urbanization and escalating climate change, there is an increasing demand on cities to be innovative and inclusive to handle these emerging issues. As an answer to these challenges, and in order to generate and adopt sustainable innovations and nature-based solutions in the urban areas, the concept of urban living labs has emerged. However, to date, there is confusion concerning the concept of the urban living lab and its key components. Some interpret the urban living lab as an approach, others as a single project, and some as a specific place – and some just do not know. In order to unravel this complexity and better understand this concept, we sought to identify the key components of an urban living lab by discussing the perspective of city representatives in the context of an urban living lab project. To achieve this goal, we reviewed previous literature on this topic and carried out two workshops with city representatives, followed by an open-ended questionnaire. In this article, we identify and discuss seven key components of an urban living lab: governance and management structure; financing models; urban context; nature-based solutions; partners and users (including citizens); approach; and ICT and infrastructure. We also offer an empirically derived definition of the urban living lab concept.

  • 27.
    Chronéer, Diana
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Wallström, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Exploring Waste and Value in a Lean Context2016In: International Journal of Business and Management, ISSN 1833-3850, E-ISSN 1833-8119, Vol. 11, no 10, p. 282-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to take a critical, analytical approach to the concepts of waste and value in the leanliterature and how the concepts are applied in organisations’ lean efforts and the ambiguity surrounding theconcept of value.A review of the literature of lean was undertaken with a specific focus of the definitions of waste and value. Inaddition, it is illustrated how four case companies work with waste and value within a lean context. Theliterature review revealed that there have been significantly more frequent and exhaustive discussions of wastethan of value. Waste is often related to the seven wastes, but value is rarely clearly defined. The cases show anexclusive focus on waste reduction, which we argue can result in a loss of value.This paper provides a critical review of the relationship between waste and value and some of the consequencescaused by the actions taken by companies regarding solely focusing on waste. This paper demonstrates the orderwinner and order qualifier dimensions should be regarded in the analysis of waste and value, and incorporated inthe lean toolbox. In the lean research literature there is lack of discussion of the actual value for the customer. Weargue that finding a special concept of value in the lean literature would be desirable, and elaborating on value asa specific tool in the lean toolbox, since the concept of ‘waste’ cannot replace the concept of ‘value’.

  • 28.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    An 'inside-out' perspective on managing information in new product development2006In: International Journal of Technology Intelligence and Planning (IJTIP), ISSN 1740-2832, E-ISSN 1740-2840, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 248-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A continuous stream of books and papers has suggested that firms need to apprehend information about environmental factors such as customers, competitors and new technologies in order to enable effective New Product Development (NPD). Often, this literature takes an 'outside-in' perspective, and argues that firms need to utilise tools such as industry structure analysis and the OT component of SWOT to increase NPD performance. This paper outlines an alternative 'inside-out' perspective, and suggests that firms should start not by focusing on the environment, but rather on their resources and capability for managing information. The paper develops and explicates a three-component capability of managing information in NPD. The paper concludes with managerial implications by pointing to a variety of techniques and tools that management and other practitioners involved with NPD can use to build and sustain the capability of managing information.

  • 29.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Engström, Anne
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ek Styvén, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Projekt: MeMo - Meta-affärsmodell för mobila tjänster2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta projekt är att identifiera affärsmodeller för mobila tjänster och att föreslå en meta-affärsmodell som kan tillvarata affärspotential genom samverkan mellan aktörer som tjänsteleverantörer, tjänsteförmedlare och kunder i ett större nätverk. I projektet samverkar forskare från fem forskningsområden (industriell marknadsföring, e-handel, redovisning & styrning, informatik, och industriell organisation) vid Luleå tekniska universitet (LTU) för att från sina respektive angreppsvinklar: Identifiera och beskriva affärsmodeller för mobila tjänster. Föreslå en meta-affärsmodell för att möjliggöra effektiva framtida affärer för mobila tjänsteleverantörer. Samla insamlade erfarenheter i ett white paper som kananvändas som stöd för utveckling av framgångsrika affärsmodeller för de deltagande företagen. Synliggöra vetenskapliga resultat i publikationer och presentationer. MeMo-projektet är finansierat av VINNOVA och genomförs i samarbete mellan LTU och TeliaSonera och ett antal av dess nuvarande och framtida tjänsteleverantörer. Genom Centrum för Distansöverbryggande Teknik (CDT) vid LTU och dess Living Lab-nätverk, når projektet ut till stora grupper av slutanvändare.

  • 30.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Project: Amplifire2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Styvén, Maria Ek
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Engström, Anne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Business models at work in the mobile service sector2012In: iBusiness, ISSN 2150-4075, E-ISSN 2150-4083, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 84-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to enhance the knowledge of business models in the mobile service sector by exploring their key mechanisms and underlying components. By combining the business model literature with empirical interview-based case studies of 69 business models in the mobile service sector, it illustrates the findings of a longitudinal case study of a business model design attached to an iPhone application. A model for managing business model design in an open innovation context of mobile services is proposed. The model extends earlier frameworks by adding contingency aspects and the view of core resources for addressing logics in the dynamic sector. Findings highlight the importance of ventures in the mobile service sector continually managing the business model design in order to support the sustainability of their business models.

  • 32.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Project: PanLab II2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande målet med PanLabII är att utveckla och förbättra de mekanismer och teknologier som möjliggör skapandet av en federation av existerande testbäddar som skapar ett ökat värde för användare av existerande lokala testbäddar samt visa en federationen som en modell som möjliggör etablerandet av långsiktiga, livskraftiga och storskaliga testinfrastrukturer för telekom teknologier, tjänster och applikationer i Europa. Detta Intergrated Projekt är finansierat av EU:s sjunde ramprogram.

  • 33.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Engström, Anne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Styvén, Maria Ek
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Modeling Mobile Business: MeMo: Meta-Business Model for Mobile Services2011Report (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Laurell-Stenlund, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Managing competence by integrating electronic commerce systems in product development2001In: POM Mastery in the new millenium, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    McPhee, Chris
    et al.
    Carleton University, Technol Innovat Management, Ottawa, ON, Canada.Queens University, Biol, Kingston, ON, Canada.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Digital Services and Systems.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Digital Services and Systems.
    Runardotter, Mari
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Digital Services and Systems.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Digital Services and Systems.
    Editorial: Living Labs2019In: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 3-5Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36. Nilsson, TorBjörn
    et al.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    A critical exploration of collected data in business research: Is data trustworthy?: A comparison of a survey and interviews2015In: International Journal of Business and Management, ISSN 1833-3850, E-ISSN 1833-8119, Vol. 10, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite its crucial role within a research community, trustworthiness in data collecting has received surprisinglylittle scientific attention in research articles. Therefore, the overall purpose of this paper is to explore and discusstrustworthiness in collected data through both interview and questionnaire methods. The results of these methodsare reported as a methodological experiment. The answers from the questionnaires and the interviews werecompared and illustrated using a “Divergence Index,” which illustrates the coherence (trustworthiness) of the twodata-collection methods. The two data-collection methods tested in the study provided different results and hencepresent different factors of importance for SMEs. The present paper concludes that (1) there are few reflections onthe trustworthiness of collected data in prior research, and (2) the responses for two data collection methods showgreat divergence, which can have consequences on CEOs’ and other decision-makers decisions based on collecteddata.

  • 37.
    Runardotter, Mari
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Nilsson, Harriet
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Portfolio för IT-studenter: ett projekt vid LTU2014In: NU 2014: Umeå 8-10 oktober : abstracts, Umeå: Umeå universitet. Pedagogiska institutionen , 2014, p. 48-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Sundqvist, Erik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Backlund, Fredrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    What is Project Efficiency and Effectiveness?2014In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 119, p. 278-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concepts of efficiency and effectiveness are commonly used when evaluating different processes. As project management can be described by different kinds of processes, the aim with this research is to explore the concepts within project management through the lens of quality management. Since project-based organisations are often struggling with the balance between time, cost and quality, they are interested in doing this as efficient and effective as possible. However, there are a wide variety of views on efficiency and effectiveness among professionals and research scholars, which makes it difficult to apply these concepts in project-based settings.The study is based on a literature review and includes interviews with project office managers from Swedish construction and engineering companies. Findings from the study indicate that the terms efficiency and effectiveness are used without clear definitions, where measurements are executed and results interpreted in various ways. Clarifying the interpretation of project efficiency and effectiveness would help and support project- based organisations in their improvement work. Clarity implies improved preconditions to measure efficiency and effectiveness, and the possibility to develop indicators that can be used to help guide the organization in the desired direction. A clearer view on project efficiency and effectiveness can also be a basis for internal improvements in terms of time, cost and quality, as well as external improvements in terms of customer satisfaction.

  • 39.
    Sundqvist, Erik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Exploring the complexity surrounding barriers of learning2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning is seen as important both within and between projects so that the whole organization can benefits from the lessons learned, and achieve competitive success. Also, projects are seen as suitable organizational units for stimulating learning and creating knowledge. However, organizations have difficulties in dissemination, and applications of lessons learned fail to deliver the intended results. Therefore the purpose of this paper is to explore the complexity surrounding barriers of learning in a project environment, and to present suggestions of how to overcome them in practice. That is, to give examples of means that can support learning in a project environment. Findings are based on a literature review, and findings from a longitudinal case study within a project@based organization. 

    We argue, in accordance with Duffield and Whitty (2015) that there is a need of a new paradigm for organizational learning in the project management field that conceptualises and articulates how projects are interlinked and generate value to a higher order learning purpose. Especially in project@based organizations (PBOs) where the main part of business is conducted in project form. This paper aims to explore the complexity surrounding barriers of learning, which exist between different levels of learning in organizations, but also in relation to different approaches to learning, e.g. hard focusing on control and quantitative measurement or soft focusing on social processes and qualitative aspects. 

    The tentative results, based on a case study, show that even though learning is brought up on the agenda and discussed as important in the PBO, learning is often marginalized, and treated as a separate activity. Also, results from a literature review reveals that the view of learning can be described from different perspectives and approaches, either scientific/hard with a focus on capturing and storing learning, or social/soft with a focus on disseminating and unleashing learning. The first could be regarded as rigid, while the latter could be seen as vague. We adopt a push/pull analogy of learning in project environments, suggesting the increased need to foster a pull approach, in which a demand for learning is facilitated, and hence supporting value creation.

  • 40.
    Sundqvist, Erik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Making value transparent in project managemement workManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Sällström, Annika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Bouckaert, Stefan
    iMinds.
    Garcia, Santiago Martinez
    TID.
    Potts, Martin
    Martel.
    Quetin, Geraldine
    Interinnov.
    Riepula, Mikko
    Aalto.
    Grace, Paul
    IT Innovation.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Magen, Jacques
    Interinnov.
    Wauters, Tim
    iMinds.
    Schaffers, Hans
    Aalto.
    Fire collaboration models: final report2015Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Sällström, Annika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Bouckert, Michael
    iMinds.
    Garcia, Santiago Martinez
    TID.
    Potts, Martin
    Martel.
    Quetin, Geraldine
    Interinnov.
    Riepula, Mikko
    Aalto.
    Grace, Paul
    IT Innovation.
    Amplifying future internet research and experimentation for a sustainable future: Fire collaboration models interim report2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration models for future internet

  • 43.
    Westin, Maria
    et al.
    AstraZeneca.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Segerstedt, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Lean assemble-to-order manufacturing at Ericsson2013In: International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, ISSN 1742-7967, E-ISSN 1742-7975, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes the findings and results from an improvement project concerning a production line at an Ericsson plant in Sweden. The article is a type of a case study that describes activities and discussions in an improvement project. A value stream mapping showed that only a few percent of the throughput time was really adding value to the customer. In an improvement project the involvements of all employees are important. Interviewing and education of workers/operators lead to that they also contribute with suggestions to improve the production flow. Value stream mapping though often classified as a lean technique is a technique for improvements of most kind of productions, here it is applied to a situation that must be classified more agile than lean. A selection of generated, and rather general, solutions were implemented: reduced buffers; more of a ‘one-piece’ flow; a reduced waiting time by adding work tasks; a more levelled manufacturing and efficient flow was created by a recombination of processes and a reallocation of work tasks. Our article hopefully stimulates students and practitioners to find improvement activities in similar situations and projects.

  • 44.
    Chronéer, Diana (Editor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth (Editor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin (Editor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna (Editor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Techno-socio-economic analysis report2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this report is to explore the socio-techno-economic key factors and activities of relevance for the development of a sustainable testbed federation in Europe. In this process there is a need of incorporating a business model framework for enabling decision making in value creation and value capturing. This study shows that the federation has great opportunities to reach a broad market via the key partners networks. In this federation a span of testbeds are involved which provides a large knowledge and resource base. By being involved in the federation, partners and customers get access to a great variety of technical competences as well as testing resources for remote tests. Through the use of the resources offered in the federation, customers can build their own virtual testbed which makes it easier and cheaper for them to perform tests before their technology enters the market.

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