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  • 1.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy, Lunds universitet.
    Anokhin, Sergey
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Autio, Erkko
    Imperial College Business School.
    Ejermo, Olof
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy, Lunds universitet.
    Lavesson, Niclas
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy, Lunds universitet.
    Lööf, Hans
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Savin, Maxim
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Det innovativa Sverige: Sverige som kunskapsnation i en internationell kontext2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I debatten om Sveriges prestationer när det gäller innovation och entreprenörskap blandas lovord med domedagsprofetior. Det pratas bland annat om svenska paradoxer och entreprenöriella klimatförändringar, men utifrån en rad olika källor och definitioner. I denna rapport reder nio forskare, från de tre ledande innovationsforskningscentrumen CESIS, CiiR och CIRCLE, ut begreppen. De levererar en nyanserad bild av Sverige som innovations- och kunskapsnation.• Hur står sig ”det nya Sverige” i en internationell jämförelse?• Existerar den svenska paradoxen?• I vilket land får en investerad FoU-krona störst effekt?• Och är sambandet mellan nyföretagande och innovation alltid positivt?Detta är några av de frågor som får svar. Rapporten har produceratsi samarbete mellan VINNOVA och ESBRI.

  • 2.
    Anokhin, Sergey
    et al.
    Department of Marketing and Entrepreneurship, Kent State University, Kent State University, Kent, OH.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Technological Expansions, Catching-Up Innovations and Technological Shifts at the Regional Level: Conceptual Considerations and Empirical Illustration2016In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, no 8, p. 1433-1448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anokhin S., Wincent J. and Ylinenpää H. Technological expansions, catching-up innovations and technological shifts at the regional level: conceptual considerations and empirical illustration, Regional Studies. Few techniques can capture different types of regional innovations, despite the importance of distinguishing between the innovation types for practitioners and policy-makers. This paper develops and illustrates a methodology based on data envelopment analysis that could be employed to shed light on this critical issue. Different types of regional innovations are analysed based on a longitudinal analysis of all Swedish counties over a five-year period. The approach can be used to analyse and distinguish between expansion-, catching-up- and shift-based types of regional innovation. Regional innovativeness is shown to be related to the regional levels of entrepreneurial activity.

  • 3.
    Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    McKelvey, Maureen
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Olofsson, Christer
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Persson, Lars
    Institute of Industrial Economics, Stockholm.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The evolving domain of entrepreneurship research2013In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 913-930Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on entrepreneurship has flourished in recent years and is evolving rapidly. This article explores the history of entrepreneurship research, how the research domain has evolved, and its current status as an academic field. The need to concretize these issues stems partly from a general interest in defining the current research domain and partly from the more specific tasks confronting the prize committee of the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research. Entrepreneurship has developed in many sub-fields within several disciplines-primarily economics, management/business administration, sociology, psychology, economic and cultural anthropology, business history, strategy, marketing, finance, and geography-representing a variety of research traditions, perspectives, and methods. We present an analytical framework that organizes our thinking about the domain of entrepreneurship research by specifying elements, levels of analysis, and the process/context. An overview is provided of where the field stands today and how it is positioned relative to the existing disciplines and new research fields upon which it draws. Areas needed for future progress are highlighted, particularly the need for a rigorous dynamic theory of entrepreneurship that relates entrepreneurial activity to economic growth and human welfare. Moreover, applied work based on more careful design as well as on theoretical models yielding more credible and robust estimates seems also highly warranted.

  • 4. Dahl, Michael S.
    et al.
    Dalum, Bent
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Regions with comprehensive technical universities: the cases of Aalborg, Luleå and Oulu2006In: The role of universities in regional innovation systems: a Nordic perspective, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School Press, 2006, p. 115-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ejdemo, Thomas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Norrbottens roll i samhällsekonomin: En kritisk granskning av indikatorer samt några lärdomar för framtiden2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Ejdemo, Thomas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Framtidens Norrbotten: Fem scenariobeskrivningar över länets utveckling2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport utgör en framåtriktad analys av de regionala förutsättningar som rapporterats inom projektet Regional förnyelse, som finansierats av Länsstyrelsen i Norrbottens län och Luleå tekniska universitet (LTU). Utifrån de studier och rapporter som bidragit till en ökad förståelse kring länets möjligheter och utmaningar resonerar vi i den här studien om möjliga framtidsscenarier för Norrbotten. Vår målsättning är inte att förutspå den regionala utvecklingen utan att i stället lyfta fram ett antal scenarier som det regionala utvecklingsarbetet kan leda till. Syftet blir att skapa ett diskussionsunderlag som kan vara till nytta för framtida utveckling av regionala strategier såsom exempelvis den regionala utvecklingsstrategin och den regionala innovationsstrategin. Regionala strategierDen regionala utvecklingsstrategin ingår i EU:s och Sveriges strategier för hållbar tillväxt och är styrande för de mer operativa programmen i länet. Strategin binder samman planeringsprocesser som har betydelse för en hållbar tillväxt och kan därigenom underlätta samverkan inom och mellan länen. Strategin utgör och ett strategiskt underlag i förhandlingar mellan länet och regeringen och även vid överläggningar på EU-nivå.Den regionala analysen av Norrbottens förutsättningar för utveckling och potential för tillväxt resulterade i fem strategiska områden där ett antal prioriterade åtgärder anges. De största utmaningarna är den demografiska utvecklingen och den framtida kompetensförsörjningen. Avgörande för regionens tillväxt är att det finns arbetskraft och kompetens som matchar arbetslivets behov. Med en allt äldre befolkning ökar försörjningsbördan och det blir allt svårare att upprätthålla välfärden med minskade skatteunderlag.Regionala analyserEtt flertal rapporter och studier har författats inom ramarna för projektet Regional förnyelse. Näringslivsanalyser och analyser av internationell handel stödjer att det finns goda förutsättningar för tillväxt inom länets företag. Företagarna beskriver kompetensförsörjning som en av de största utmaningarna för att uppnå planerad tillväxttakt. Regionala scenarierUtifrån de regionala analyserna har fem scenarier, i form av framtidsbilder, målats upp. Avsikten med scenarierna är att beskriva hur regionala insatser och utveckling kan skapa alternativa framtider för Norrbotten. Avsikten med scenarierna är således inte att förutspå regionens framtida utveckling utan snarare peka på hur olika typer av regional utveckling kan skapa olika förutsättningar. De scenarios som diskuteras i denna rapport är:— Scenario I: Basindustriregionen— Scenario II: Kunskap, kreativitet och kommunikation som regional drivkraft— Scenario III: Förändrat globalt klimat med nya möjligheter— Scenario IV: Smart specialisering baserad på relaterad variation— Scenario V: Diversifiering efter en nationell genomsnittsmodell

  • 7.
    Ejdemo, Thomas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Företags behov och erfarenheter av företagsstöd: en litteraturöversikt.2016In: De regionala företagsstöden: ändamålsenliga eller otidsenliga?, Östersund: Myndigheten för tillväxtpolitiska utvärderingar och analyser , 2016, p. 58-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Ejdemo, Thomas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Professional Support, Ekonomi.
    Lundgren, Nils-Gustav
    Projekt: Regional förnyelse2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bäckström, Kristoffer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The Role of Pilot and Demonstration Plants in Technological Development: Synthesis and Directions for Future Research2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pilot and demonstration plants (PDPs) play important roles in the process of technological development because they represent the bridge between basic knowledge generation and technological breakthroughs on the one hand, and industrial application and commercial adoption on the other. The objectives of this paper are to synthesize and categorize the existing research on PDPs, as well as to suggest an agenda for future research efforts. We review the PDP phenomena in three literature streams: engineering and natural science research, technology- and innovation management, and innovation systems. The analysis highlights clear differences in e.g. conceptions of system boundaries and in what the literature streams seeks to accomplish, but also similarities such as the key ideas of using PDPs for technology scale-up and uncertainty reduction. These results are discussed and a future research agenda is provided.

  • 10.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bäckström, Kristoffer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The Role of Pilot and Demonstration Plants in Technological Development: Synthesis and Directions for Future Research2015In: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, ISSN 0953-7325, E-ISSN 1465-3990, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pilot and demonstration plants (PDPs) play important roles in technological development. They represent bridges between basic knowledge generation and technological breakthroughs on the one hand, and industrial application and commercial adoption on the other. The objectives of this article are to synthesise and categorise existing research on PDPs, as well as to suggest an agenda for future research. We review the PDP phenomena in three literature streams: engineering and natural science research, technology and innovation management, and innovation systems. The analysis highlights clear differences in e.g. conceptions of system boundaries and what the literature streams seeks to accomplish, but also similarities such as the key ideas of using PDPs for technology scale-up and uncertainty reduction.

  • 11.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Managing information in new product development: a conceptual review, research propositions and tentative Model2007In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 441-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many studies in new product development (NPD) single out the use of information (especially market information) as a key predictor of NPD performance, but knowledge is lacking about what type of information is needed in each phase of the NDP process to enable high NPD performance. Based on a literature review and a pilot case study, this article increases the understanding of managing information in NPD. It is argued that the capability of managing information consists of three components: acquiring, sharing, and using information. By focusing on three different phases of the NPD process, 11 propositions regarding which information, information sources and means of cross-functional integration patterns that are most important to high NPD performance have been derived in each respective phase. In addition, the article also discusses antecedents and consequences of managing information. The article concludes with implications for managers, identifies limitations and proposes an agenda for further research into this area

  • 12.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Witches and Bitches: Gendered Discourses and Conceptions of Ghanaian Entrepreneurship2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The Role of Pilot and Demonstration Plants in Technology Development and Innovation Policy2016In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 45, no 9, p. 1743-1761Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pilot- and demonstration plants (PDPs) represent bridges between generating basic knowledge and technological breakthroughs on the one hand, and industrial applications and commercial adoption on the other. This paper reports on a longitudinal study of how two technological fields that received significant public funding evolved—biochemical conversion of biomass and thermal conversion of black liquor. In doing so, this study makes two contributions. First, it provides a framework for analyzing the roles of various types of PDPs in developing new technology. The framework highlights the learning processes taking place at and around these plants and how they contribute to reducing different types of risks. It also elaborates on the importance of actor networks and institutional preconditions, and how both network performance and institutions can be influenced through various strategies. Second, the article contributes with new insights into the challenges of innovation policy in a PDP context. A policy mix is often required because policy cannot be considered meaningfully at a single level of government and will therefore be influenced heavily by limited foresight and politics (both nationally and locally). Therefore, policy must address both the need for parallel and iterative public funding of R&D and different types of plants, as well as attempts to directly influence collaborative processes in actor networks.

  • 14. Hörte, Sven-åke
    et al.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The firm's and its customers' view on order-winning criteria1997Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A firm's ability to win orders on the market depends on its competitiveness. A competitive firm wins order on the market, which results in a positive sales development. Orderwinning criteria are those criteria that make a difference to the customer when he decides between qualified offered products. The selling and the buying actors may have the same or different ideas about what constitute these orderwinners, and they may also differ in their evaluation of the competitive strengths of a firm. The selling and buying actors' perceptions of orderwinners and competitive strengths are analysed as the degree of fit between these perceptions. A good fit means that the two actors agree on orderwinning criteria and the firm's competitive strength on this criteria. We expect that a good fit relate to a positive sales performance of the selling firm's product. In the paper we analyse different situation of fit and misfit for the ten product families of four small manufacturing Swedish firms, and how these situation relate to the sales development patterns of the product families. The results reveals that a good fit is related to a stable economic development of sales, while two different situations of misfit may lead to a economic regression or to an expansive development of sales.

  • 15. Hörte, Sven-åke
    et al.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The firm’s and its customers’ views on order-winning criteria1997In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 17, no 10, p. 1006-1019Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A firm’s ability to win orders on the market depends on its competitiveness. A competitive firm wins orders on the market, which has a positive impact on its sales performance. Order-winning criteria are those criteria that make a difference to the customer when he decides between qualified offered products. The selling and the buying actors may have the same or different ideas about what constitute these order winners, and they may also differ in their evaluation of the competitive strengths of a firm. Analyses the selling and buying actors’ perceptions of order winners and competitive strengths as the degree of fit between these perceptions. A good fit means that the two actors agree on order-winning criteria and the firm’s competitive strength on these criteria. It is expected that a good fit relates to a positive sales growth of the selling firm’s product. Analyses different situations of fit and misfit for the ten product families of four small manufacturing Swedish firms, and shows how these situations relate to the sales patterns of the product families. The results reveal that a good fit is related to a stable economic development of sales, while two different situations of misfit may lead to a decline in or an expansion of sales.

  • 16.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Bo
    Varför ännu en bok om småföretag?2006In: Ledning i småföretag, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2006, p. 13-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Johansson, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Can regional innovation systems be "constructed"?2012In: Innovation governance in an open economy: Shaping regional nodes in a globalized world, RoutledgeCurzon, 2012, p. 208-230Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Johansson, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    SME alliance motives and knowledge modes2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Strategic alliances are an emergent organization form that is increasingly gaining interest over go-it-alone strategies for organizations to achieve fast and economical growth. Drawing upon the resource based view of the firm several previous studies have viewed alliances as a quest for resources. One important objective identified in strategic alliances is the sharing of knowledge such as technology, advanced skills and organizational capability. Most of the strategic alliance literature however focuses on large-firm alliances, implicating that smaller firms with a more limited pool of in-house resources and a more obvious need to access resources beyond the limits of their own organisation often have been neglected. In this paper we study how SMEs focus on different kind of knowledge modes together with partners in a strategic alliance.For this purpose a case study approach has been employed to investigate and analyse the case of EVONET Industrial Partners, a strategic alliance consisting of six manufacturing companies in Northern Sweden aiming for a stronger position as suppliers to car and heavy truck industry. The alliance has been studied over three years, and data has been continuously collected through 63 interviews, participating observations and from secondary sources. The empirical results show that accessing (rather than acquiring) knowledge has been a central interest for the alliance firms. The empirical results also indicate the importance of concrete and applied projects that are jointly carried through, since joint projects foster personal networks and trust between employees in the participating firms enabling exchange of, primarily, knowledge based on know-how and know-who. On a more theoretical level, the study contributes with addressing the link between different strategic orientations of partnerships and the kinds of knowledge and knowledge exchange/transfer that becomes critical in different strategic alliances. Different types of strategic alliances may be expected to exploit different kinds of partner synergies, here a partnership geared towards exploitation and improvement of current businesses seem to benefit mostly from know-how-knowledge, while a partnership aiming for developing new product, new markets and new businesses (exploration) instead may benefit primarily from knowledge and knowledge exchange characterised as ‘knowing what' and  ‘knowing why'

  • 19.
    Johansson, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Wincent, Joakim
    Functional cross-sector collaboration: the case of Luleå university of technology and processIT Innovations2009In: Public universities and regional development, Sichuan, P.R. China: Sichuan university press , 2009, p. 151-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20. Keegan, J,
    et al.
    O'Connor, A.
    Cooney, T.M.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Barth, Henrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Vesalainen, J.
    Pihkala, T.
    Deschoolmeester, D.
    Debaut, A.
    Facing the Challenge ?: towards a better understanding of barriers to innovation in Irish, Swedish, Finnish and Belgian SMEs1997In: Change & innovation: the challenge for small firms : proceedings : 27th European Small Business Seminar 1997, Greece, September 17-19, 1997 / [ed] Dimitris Kodonas; Miltos Argyropoulos., Athens: Greek Productivity Centre , 1997, p. 812-824Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21. Larsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Larsson, Andreas
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Törlind, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Bergström, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, External, LTU Business AB.
    Johansson, Christian
    Johansson, Pär
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Karlsson, Stig
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Håkansson, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Project: PIEp - Product Innovation Engineering Programme2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    PROJEKTSAMMANFATTNINGPIEp, Product Innovation Engineering Program är ett nationellt program som syftar till att stärka förmågan till innovativ produkt- och affärsutveckling. PIEp spänner över fältet från teori till praktik, från forskning om innovationssystem till proaktivt arbete för att stärka innovationskraft och därigenom uppnå en systemförändring inom forskning, utbildning och utveckling. PIEp skall pågå under tio år, 2007-2016 och engagera flera av Sveriges lärosäten och forskningsinstitut involverade i innovation och produktutveckling. PIEp leds och administreras vid KTH i partnerskap med Lunds Tekniska Högskola, Högskolan i Jönköping, Designhögskolan vid Umeå Universitet, Centrum för Teknik, Medicin och Hälsa, Luleå Tekniska Universitet, samt en rad företag och organisationer.

  • 22. Lassinantti, Lars
    et al.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Trainees as change agents in SMEs: experiences from a program for the development of smaller enterprises1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as in most industrialized countries, technology transfer programs and other initiatives aiming at facilitating for smaller firms to utilize the specific expertise universities possess have been common. One example is trainee programs introducing workforce and specialists trained by universities to SMEs. The first Swedish university trainee program directed towards smaller firms started at Luleå University of Technology, and has been running for almost two decades. In this paper we, building on in-depth case studies of two smaller firms supplemented by data from a larger data base, analyze and discuss some experiences from this program, and especially address typical situations where trainees serve different purposes in the development of SMEs.

  • 23. Lemar, Bo
    et al.
    Lundgren, Nils-Gustav
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Företagsutveckling och stödpolitik: de sänkta arbetsgivaravgifterna i Norrbottens län1989Report (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Lindström, John
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.
    Nilsson, Kent
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Sustainable management of operation for Functional Products:: Which customer values are of interest for marketing and sales?2015In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 30, p. 299-304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper addresses which customer values, related to sustainable management of operation for Functional Products, are of interest during manufacturing companies’ marketing and sales processes. Based on an empirical study covering five manufacturing companies, a set of customer values, which are categorized using Hill's [28] framework in order to understand whether they are important and why,is proposed. The analysis has generated a set of twenty-three potential values, whereof nine are considered as specific for contexts embodying Functional Products.Thus, the findings identify critical values to considerprior to, andwhen, selling Functional Products. Further, the results have important implications for the design and development of Functional Products in light of ongoing transformations within the manufacturing industry

  • 25.
    Lindström, John
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
    Plankina, Daria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
    Nilsson, Kent
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Karlsson, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
    Functional Products: business model elements2013In: Product-Service Integration for Sustainable Solutions: Proceedings of the 5th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Bochum, Germany, March 14th - 15th, 2013 / [ed] Horst Meier, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013, p. 251-262Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Lundgren, Nils-Gustav
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Regional dynamik vid Bottenviken: en jämförande analys av utvecklingen i Norra Österbotten, Norrbotten, Uleåborg och Luleå2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport jämför samhällsutvecklingen i Norra Österbotten och Uleåborg respektive Norrbotten och Luleå. Mellan 1970 och 1997 har Uleåborgs folkmängd ökat med 60 procent mot endast 21 procent i Luleå. I hela Norra Österbotten har befolkningsökningen under samma period uppgått till 20 procent att jämföra med 3 procent i Norrbotten. I en finsk-svensk jämförelse har endast fem län i demografiskt avseende utvecklats starkare än Norra Österbotten. De båda regionernas strukturomvandling på branschnivå uppvisar många likheter. Areella näringar och tillverkningsindustrin minskar sin relativa betydelse, medan tjänstsektorer av olika slag ökar i omfattning. Samtidigt förändras efterfrågan på arbetskraft i en utbildningskrävande riktning. Denna tendens tyck dock vara något snabbare på den östra än på den västra sidan av Bottenviken. Generellt sett konvergerar dock såväl bransch- som utbildningsstrukturen i de båda regionerna. På en mer detaljerad nivå finns emellertid viktiga skillnader. På den finska sidan expanderar en högteknologisk elektronik-, dator-, instrument- och bioteknikindustri snabbt, medan dess betydelse på den svenska sidan närmast är försumbar. Det har bl a medfört att av samtliga sysselsatta med högskole- eller universitetsutbildning återfinns 20 procent inom högteknologisk tillverkning i den finska mot mindre än 10 procent i den svenska regionen. Utvecklingen mot en mer välintegrerad kunskaps- och forskningsorienterad ekonomisk utvecklingsmodell tycks gå snabbare och ha hunnit längre i den finska regionen än i den svenska. I ett försök att finna orsaker till denna skillnad har 14 "teser" utsatts för prövning. Dessa har delvis sitt ursprung i tvärsäkert formulerade uppfattningar framförda från olika håll i samband med projektets inledning. Teser har också formulerats och preciserats i samband med genomförda intervjuer och har dessutom förankrats i en teoretisk referensram; Michael Porters s k diamantmodell till förklaring av bestämningsfaktorer bakom nationell och regional konkurrenskraft. Våra slutsatser om viktiga respektive mindre viktiga förklaringar till skillnaderna i regional omvandling mellan den finska och svenska regionen sammanfattas nedan; Stor relevans har följande faktorer befunnits ha: Uleåborg och Norra Österbotten har en annan och betydligt viktigare roll i den nationella ortshierarkin i Finland än Luleå och Norrbotten har i sitt svenska sammanhang. Samarbetet mellan olika nyckelaktörer inom olika samhällssektorer är mer utvecklat sedan tjugotalet år i Uleåborg än i Luleå. Det multinationella företaget NOKIA med stor verksamhet förlagd till Norra Österbotten och Uleåborg har större betydelse som "lokomotivföretag", förebild och krävande kund för andra företag i regionen än t ex storföretagen SSAB och LKAB på den svenska sidan. Uleåborgsregionen karaktäriseras av kluster av företag inom snabbväxande branscher, medan Luleå och Norrbotten i större utsträckning domineras av mogna branscher. Faktorer av viss, ofta indirekt men knappast avgörande betydelse; Uleåborgs universitet som ett stort och fullständigt universitet har haft större betydelse för utvecklingen i norra Finland än vad Luleå tekniska universitet haft i Norrbotten. Den finska ledarstilen är bättre anpassad till perioder av snabb förändring än den svenska. Företag i Uleåborgsregionen är mer internationellt inriktade än företagen i Luleå. Teknikbyarna i Uleåborg och Norra Österbotten har spelat en viktigare roll än Aurorum i Luleå Faktorer med lågt förklaringsvärde: Uleåborgsregionens utveckling har åstadkommits "på bekostnad av" utvecklingen i andra områden i norra Finland. Tillgången på riskkapital är större på den finska sidan. Nyföretagandet är större i Uleåborg och Norra Österbotten Uleåborgs och Norra Österbottens stora andel av den finska befolkningen ger underlag för ett större politiskt inflytande än motsvarande inflytande för Norrbotten och Luleå i Sverige. En mer förmånlig andrahandsmarknad för maskiner, utrustning och lokaler gör att hindren att etablera företag i Uleåborg är mindre än i Luleå. En sista tes som diskuteras i studien är att utvecklingen i Uleåborg är ett exempel på tillfälligheter, d v s att rätt personer och rätt idéer stöter på varandra vid rätt tidpunkt. Även om betydelsen av "tur" aldrig kan uteslutas är studiens slutsats snarare att "tur" förutsätter beredskap och förberedelser som (vilket utvecklingen i Uleåborg ger exempel på) gör det möjligt att "gripa tillfället i flykten". Uppdragsgivare: Norrbottensgruppen

  • 27.
    Lundgren, Nils-Gustav
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Varför i Uleåborg men inte i Luleå?: high-tech och tillväxt i Nordfinland och Nordsverige1998In: Platser, regioner och aktörer: antologi från Forskarforum 1998, Östersund: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, 1998, 1. uppl., p. 111-157Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Johan
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Barriers to information and communIcation technology adoption in small firms2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I en internationell jämförelse ligger Sverige förhållandevis långt fram vad gäller användning av informations- och kommunikationsteknik (IKT) i såväl näringsliv som hos privatpersoner. Inte desto mindre finns det betydande skillnader mellan företag av olika storlek liksom mellan urbana miljöer och glesbygd. Mindre företag har inte kommit lika långt i att IKT-anpassa produktion, organisation och försäljning som större företag.EU, liksom Sverige, lyfter fram de mindre företagens roll för att upprätthålla en hög sysselsättning och ett dynamiskt näringsliv. Mindre och nya företag bidrar med konkurrens, innovativa lösningar och utgör på sikt en viktig komponent för uthållig tillväxt och ett fortsatt högt välstånd. Samtidigt är de just de mindre företagen som utsätts för ett allt hårdare konkurrenstryck i ett globaliseringsskede där marknader blir öppnare och mer lätt tillgängliga. Globaliseringen öppnar visserligen för nya möjligheter men reser också betydande utmaningar när det gäller att bibehålla och utveckla konkurrenskraften. Ett medel för att klara dessa utmaningar är ett effektivt användande av IKT.Den vikt som läggs vid mindre företag avspeglas delvis i en rad politiska initiativ på EU nivå, initiativ som också spiller över på svenska företag. EU-politiken behöver dock kompletteras med en nationell politik, vilket sker i ett flertal länder.Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att dels identifiera hinder för att mindre företag ska kunna använda kostnadseffektiva och konkurrensförstärkande IKT-lösningar, dels att föreslå ekonomisk-politiska åtgärder för att undanröja eller minska nuvarande hinder.På företagsnivå är fördelarna uppenbara med en väl genomförd IKT tillämpning. Moderna IKT-lösningar möjliggör sålunda för företag att lättare nå andra marknader, uppnå lägre kostnader, förbättrad intern och extern kommunikation, större enkelhet att samarbeta och koordinera produktionen med andra företag samt bättre förutsättning för innovation genom enklare access till olika former av kunskap och information. Samtidigt är hindren betydande. Bland de vanligast förekommande är en föreställning om att IKT inte är lämpligt för företaget, begränsade IKT- kunskaper hos ledningen/företagaren, standards och regelverk som är svåra för småföretag att anpassa sig till, höga utvecklingskostnader för IKT, bristande synkronisering/interoperabilitet mellan olika IKT-system, säkerhetsproblem och bristande förtroende, legala oklarheter samt bristande infrastruktur. Var och en av dessa kan innebära betydande problem för särskilt de mindre företagen.Baserat på en genomgång av de senaste årens forskning inom området föreslås en rad olika ekonomisk-politiska åtgärder i rapporten. Dessa avser dels generella åtgärder, dels mer specifika insatser anpassade till kunskapsnivå och det upplevda behovet av IKT i olika typföretag. Bristen på relevant IKT-information och en upplevd osäkerhet kring pålitligheten i nuvarandes system gentemot såväl leverantörer som kunder, kombinerat med en otillräcklig kunskapsnivå i särskilt mindre företag, innebär att det finns en risk att investeringarna i IKT inte når en samhällsekonomisk önskvärd nivå.Bland de generella åtgärderna märks förslag till skatteincitament under en begränsad tid för att öka IKT-investeringar liksom satsningar på forskning och utveckling. Likaså föreslås en översyn av de regleringar som finns på området med särskilt fokus på ett förenklat och IKT-baserat förfarande vid offentlig upphandling som möjliggör för mindre företag att delta. Bland mer specifika satsningar är förslagen sammanställda utifrån behoven hos olika typföretag. Olika utbildnings-, informations- och samordningsinsatser föreslås kombineras med vissa riktade ekonomiska incitament som lånefaciliteter och konsultcheckar. Vår bedömning är att de föreslagna ekonomisk-politiska åtgärderna bör kunna utgöra ett kraftfullt verktyg för att minska en nu rådande ”digital divide” bland företag av olika storlek och mellan regioner. Samtidigt vill vi betona att mot bakgrund av den tid som stått till vårt förfogande – en dryg månad – ska förslagen ses som tentativa och förutsätter ytterligare bearbetning.

  • 29.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Win-Win collaboration, functional product challenges and value-chain delivery: An explorative case study approach2013In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 11, p. 86-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Functional products (FPs) comprises of integrated hardware, software, and a service support system components that are bundled together to offer higher customer value and possibility to generate revenue. However, offering FPs requires forming and managing win-win collaboration with diverse global value chain partners. Based on twenty explorative interviews at two Swedish manufacturing companies, we specifically focus on the collaboration between FP provider and its value-chain delivery organizations. Our results show that such collaborations can lead to win-lose or lose-win situations. Furthermore, we identify six diverse relational challenges which could negatively influence the collaboration between FP providers and its value-chain delivery organizations

  • 30.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    How do small firms use ICT for business purposes?: a study of Swedish technology-based firms2009In: International Journal of Electronic Business, ISSN 1470-6067, E-ISSN 1741-5063, Vol. 7, no 5, p. 536-550Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the extent to which Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability is possessed and utilised by technology-based small firms and investigates the contingent effect of firm size and age on ICT capability. The empirical base is a survey with data from 291 technology-based small Swedish firms. The result suggests that technology-based small firms are high users of ICT in several areas. Regarding contingency effects, firm size was related to significant differences in the utilisation of ICT. Although the smallest firms as a whole use ICT less, a substantial part of them are high users.

  • 31.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Importance of ICT for technology-based small firm's networking2008In: Collaboration and the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications, Case Studies / [ed] Paul Cunningham; Miriam Cunningham, IOS Press, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern ICT is widely understood as important for enabling a more effective communication, collaboration and internal operational efficiency in today's businesses. For small firms with limited in-house resources, and especially for technology-based small firms, ICT is expected to play a vital role. The empirical evidence supporting such an understanding are however rare. This paper elaborates on the extent to which ICT capability is employed by technology-based small firms and investigates the influence of ICT capability on network configuration and networking capability. The results provide some new evidence on how ICT may enable more effective networking in this specific category of small firms, and indicates e.g. that technology-based small firms are high users of ICT for gaining flexibility in working hours, accessing vital information, maintaining collaboration with existing business partners, enable a better handling communication within the firm and providing superior customer service. ICT capability was also found to influence small firms networking configuration. Particularly, there is a clear link between higher ICT use for collaboration and more extensive partnership networking, and a higher ICT use for communication and more extensive customer networking. Furthermore, we also found support for a strong relation between ICT capability and networking capability.

  • 32. Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Roininen, Sari
    Exploring the effects of network configurations on entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance: an empirical study of new ventures and small firms2010In: Annals of Innovation & Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2000-7396, E-ISSN 2000-7396, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior studies have suggested that networks are important for new ventures and small firms as a provider of access to entrepreneurial opportunities and as a tool to increase firm performance. Although the strategic value of networks on a general level is undisputed, one major shortcoming of prior studies has been to evaluate the effects of specific network configurations. Moreover, small firms have all too often been treated as a homogeneous group, expected to reveal similar needs and patterns of behavior. The purpose of this explorative study was therefore to examine the effects of different network configurations on entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and performance for two categories of small firms - new ventures and established small firms. The results were achieved by using empirical data from two independent samples of new ventures (n=171) and small firms (n=291) and show that network relationships have quite different effects in the two samples. While networking is overall positively linked to EO and performance for small firms, no positive effect from networking is evidenced for new ventures' EO and performance. For both samples, we found a strong link between EO and performance. This paper concludes with a discussion on the results and suggestions for future research.

  • 33.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Outsourcing och offshoring av FoU i globala värdekedjor2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska företag förlägger nästan hälften av sin verksamhet inom forskning och utveckling (FoU) till andra länder. Trots det saknar vi kunskap kring hur utlokaliseringen i praktiken går till och dess långsiktiga effekt på företagens utveckling. Genom ett antal fallstudier av svenska företags FoU-etableringar i Indien beskrivs processerna, företagens lärande och lärdomar för innovationspolitiken.

  • 34. Pihkala, Timo
    et al.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Vesalainen, Jukka
    Innovation barriers amongst clusters of European SMEs2002In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, ISSN 1368-275X, E-ISSN 1741-5098, Vol. 2, no 6, p. 520-536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on innovations and barriers to innovation has for a long time been concentrated on trying to find those mechanisms that would help in designing innovation-supporting policies at European, national and company level. Often these studies have, however, been looking at only one of the levels at a time, which has led to oversimplifications and misleading policy implications. This paper stems from the need to know more about how the innovativeness of smaller firms is related to contextual factors. The innovation process is seen as a cycle involving trial and error, where problems at some stages of development lead to a need to re-evaluate earlier stages in the innovation process. The barriers to innovation are not, however, the same for each firm; barriers may be expected to differ, for example, according to the size of the firm, the line of industry, and the degree of innovativeness of the firm. This study aims to show that there are distinct categories of firms behaving differently vis-a-vis barriers to innovation. The data includes survey responses from 1,240 firms from four European countries Belgium, Finland, Ireland and Sweden. In the analysis, eight factors causing innovation barriers emerged employment policy, financing, taxation, legislation, risk-propensity, competence and information, and external support. The findings suggest that the barriers to innovation should be studies from the decision-makers point of view. In further analysis, eight clusters were identified high innovation firms with market competition barriers, exogenous low innovative firms, low-innovation firms with competence and information barriers, high and low innovation firms with no barriers to innovation, medium innovative manufacturing firms, low-innovation service firms with employment policy barriers, medium innovation firms with financial barriers and low-innovation craftsmen and service firms. The study concludes that the inter-relation between different sets of barriers to innovation seems to hold more importance than has been recognised previously. Moreover, the barriers to innovation are not equally distributed among SMEs, but there are typical sets of barriers to innovation depending on the age, size, type of industry, and the innovativeness of the firm. As for policy implications the study suggests that more attention should be paid to lowering or removing barriers that in particular obstruct medium-innovative firms from innovating.

  • 35.
    Roininen, Sari
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Westerberg, Mats
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Network relationships for entrepreneurial orientation and growth: an empirical study of new ventures and small firms2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36. Roininen, Sari
    et al.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    New ventures' entry strategies: a comparison of academic and non-academic business startups2010In: Entrepreneurship and the Creation of Small Firms: Empirical Studies of New Ventures, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010, p. 65-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Venture creation processes are not uniform but dependent on situational and contextual factors. The focus in this chapter is on comparing the start-up processes of two different types of business ventures: academic spin-offs and non-academic new firms. Following a case study based design, the findings indicate that non-academic ventures and academic spin-offs have different bases for their venture creation and follow different strategies to enter their specific markets. Academic spin-offs are to a larger extent product-oriented and enter a market through technology push, which requires more resources and cooperation to manage. The non-academic ventures, on the contrary, enter a market through market pull relying on their own resources. Overall, academic spin-offs emerge as organizations significantly more oriented towards networking and collaboration with different kinds of partners while non-academic start-ups primarily rely on in-house resources. These differences implicate start-up processes that indicate differences regarding the firms' resource requirement and configuration.

  • 37.
    Roininen, Sari
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    New venture's entry strategies in their start-up processes2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Roininen, Sari
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Schumpeterian versus Kirznerian Entrepreneurship: a comparison of academic and non-academic new venturing2009In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 504-520Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Identifying how different modes of resource configuration, entry strategy and product/market characteristics affect new ventures' start-up processes as well as outcomes in terms of firm growth and revenues. Design/methodology/approach - Case studies of three academic spin-offs and three non-academic new ventures is employed as a base for analytical generalisation. Findings - Non-academic ventures and academic spin-offs have different bases for their venture creation and follow different strategies to enter their specific markets. Academic spin-offs are to a larger extent innovative, product-oriented and enter their target markets employing a technology/science-push strategy which requires considerable resources and partner cooperation to manage. The non-academic ventures, on the contrary, exploit emerging opportunities on the market through a market-pull strategy relying mainly on offerings already known to the market and building on their own, in-house resources.Research limitations - Future research should benefit from investigating factors and conditions affecting different ventures' start-up process by utilizing qualitative, in-depth approaches as well as quantitative approaches and a more robust database. Practical implications - Venture creation processes are not uniform but dependent on situational and contextual factors. Overall, academic spin-offs come forward as examples of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship characterised by exploration and innovation, while the more ‘Kirznerian' and non-academic start-ups primarily recognise and exploit upcoming market opportunities based on resources they control. The results highlight challenges for nascent entrepreneurs as well as for policy makers supporting new venture creation.Originality/value - A comparison highlighting critical events, resource configurations and environmental conditions of different start-up processes depending on the new ventures' origin.

  • 39.
    Sackey, Jocelyn
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Working with or against the system: Ethical dilemmas for entrepreneurship in Ghana2013In: Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1084-9467, Vol. 18, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to address entrepreneurship and ethics from the perspective of the Ghanaian entrepreneur in small and medium-size enterprises to extend our understanding of issues influencing entrepreneurial behavior in developing economies such as Ghana. Our study specifically addresses three typical situations in which business ethics are challenged: (1) When applying for business information and permits, (2) When competing for business contracts and financing and (3) When dealing with tax authorities. Relying on in-depth case-study data from 22 entrepreneurs, the paper conceptualizes entrepreneurial behavior related to business ethics and identifies several important challenges to overcome to enable economies to build a more effective market economy

  • 40.
    Sandström, Annica
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nätverk för regional utveckling: en fallstudie av utmaningar för praktisk samverkan mellan forskning, näringsliv och politik2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nätverk, samverkan och innovation är vanligen förekommande koncept i diskussionen om regional utveckling. I en allt mer kunskapsbaserad ekonomi betraktas etablerandet av nätverk, bestående av privata såväl som offentliga aktörer, ofta som en förutsättning för innovativa miljöer och regional tillväxt. Många frågor kring dessa nätverk och deras utveckling är dock fortfarande obesvarade där t.ex. kunskapen om vad som kännetecknar framgångsrika nätverk samt på vilket sätt offentlig policy kan stödja framväxten av dessa är begränsad. Detta bidrag bygger på en fallstudie av ett samverkansnätverk mellan näringsliv, politik och akademi som har etablerats till följd av arbetet med Forskarstation Östra Norrbotten (FÖN). Baserat på kvalitativa intervjuer och social nätverksanalys kartläggs och analyseras nätverket bakom FÖN i syfte att besvara ett antal angelägna frågor. Hur kan FÖN- projektet karaktäriseras i termer av måluppfyllelse? I vilka avseenden har projektet varit framgångsrikt, respektive mindre framgångsrikt? Varför utsätts den här typen av samverkanskonstellationer för särskilda påfrestningar och utmaningar? Hur kan dessa övervinnas? Nätverksanalysen visar att FÖN, mycket framgångsrikt, har skapat ett stort sektorsövergripande nätverk. Analysen visar dock att de politiska och akademiska aktörerna har dominerat processen, medan näringslivets representanter i dag främst återfinns i nätverkets periferi. Detta avspelar sig även i aktörernas upplevda måluppfyllelse, där gruppen näringsliv är minst nöjd med processen och dess resultat. FÖN kan, vid studiens tidpunkt, därför närmast karaktäriseras som "en obalanserad Triple Helix". Arbetsprocessen kring FÖN illustrerar också tydligt de svårigheter som uppstår när olika organisationslogiker möts, där aktörerna har olika förväntningar på bidrag och belöningar och deras grad av åtagande varierar över tid. Det är dock rimligt att förvänta sig att aktörerna fyller olika funktioner i olika faser av processen och att ledarskapet växlar. En ökad förståelse för dessa mekanismer är därför också viktig för utformningen och utvärderingen av offentliga policyinitiativ. Offentliga satsningar i nätverksbyggande bör inriktas mot att, (1) skapa de initiala förutsättningarna för samverkan, samt (2) skapa goda förutsättningar för växlingar i ledarskap under processens gång. Den senare uppgiften är avgörande för att lovvärda initiativ ska bli långsiktigt framgångsrika nätverk för regional utveckling.

  • 41.
    Sandström, Annica
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Research, industry and public sector cooperation: a dynamic perspective2012In: International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, ISSN 1753-0660, E-ISSN 1753-0679, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 144-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While networks between research, industry and the public sector are regarded as prerequisites for innovation and regional development, establishing these structures is not trivial and their success is far from given. To deepen our knowledge of these networks, a dynamic model describing the coordinating functions and their drivers within such constellations is presented and empirically examined by means of an explorative case study. The model illustrates the challenges of co-operation in cross-sector constellations, which stem from different logics and expectations, and how different actors’ degree of commitment varies over time. In successful cross-sector collaboration, actors fulfil different functions during different phases, and leadership shifts over time. A greater understanding of these dynamics can enhance public policy initiatives aimed at sustaining co-operation for innovation and regional growth.

  • 42.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Pilot- och demonstrationsanläggningars betydelse inom bioraffinaderiområdet: resultat från en förstudie2014Report (Other academic)
  • 43. Teräs, Jukka
    et al.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Regional dynamics in non-metropolitan hi-tech clusters: a longitudinal study of two Nordic regions2012In: Innovation Governance in an Open Economy: Shaping regional nodes in a globalized world, RoutledgeCurzon, 2012, p. 69-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Thorgren, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Benefits of holding on to partners for innovation2007In: The first Nordic innovation research conference - Finnkampen / [ed] Harri Haapasalo; Päivi Iskanius, Oulu: University of Oulu, 2007, p. 215-225Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has for a long time suggested a facilitating role of interorganizational relations for innovation performance. Although implicitly advocating for switching partners based on the evidence of having variety, diversity, and nonredundancy of information accessed in relations, practise suggests otherwise. Firms have found to be interlinked over time and some do not even search for alternative partners. This study adds to prior research by examining how and why some organizations stick to the same partners in innovation processes. We report a qualitative study of organizations that have an agenda of sticking to partners in the development of innovations. We find using existing relationships had several important benefits for innovative performance possible to categorize as 1) effective use of indirect linkages, 2) better prerequisites for unspecified exchanges, 3) providing a fast lane to essentialities by known values and firm characteristics, 4) improved dialogue and surprises, and 5) enhanced enthusiasm guided by altruism. Our contributions are related to prior work on management of interorganizational relationships for innovation.

  • 45. Vesalainen, J.
    et al.
    Pihkala, T.
    Keegan, J.
    O'Connor, A.
    Barth, Henrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Barriers to innovation in European manufacturing SMEs1997In: Change & innovation: the challenge for small firms : proceedings : 27th European Small Business Seminar 1997, Greece, September 17-19, 1997 / [ed] Dimitris Kodonas; Miltos Argyropoulos, Athens: Greek Productivity Centre , 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Wallenklint, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Motives for inter-firm co-operation: an exploratory study1999In: Managing operations networks: Venice, Italy, June 7th-8th 1999 / [ed] Emilio Bartezzaghi, Padova, 1999Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of a new mode of organising economic activities through different kinds of networks is an interesting and challenging phenomenon for organisational research, and calls for research approaches aiming at increasing our understanding of different aspects related to this phenomenon. The motives or driving forces that constitute the foundation for establishing inter-firm networks represent one such aspect. The purpose of this paper is to describe the different motives for co-operation in an inter-firm network in a more varied way, thus to be able to highlight the differences between them and pinpoint them to a specific actor. The results from this study hence indicate that actors' motives for participating in the studied network are very different. The motives detected here hence represent a variety spanning from short-term cost minimising and search for new and/or increased revenues, to more long-term motives to diversify and thereby reduce uncertainty. Ego-centred motives in terms of personal aspirations and preferences were in a similar way combined with more social needs for speaking partners and collaborators. The study hence indicates that although general and jointly shared motives for inter-firm network may be expressed in an unambiguous way (which it was in the case studied in this paper), individual and firm-specific motives and expectations may differ considerably.

  • 47.
    Westerberg, Mats
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Triple Helix as a base for innovation systems2005In: NFF 2005: The 18th Scandinavian Academy of Management Meeting, Aarhus: Aarhus School of Business , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Westerberg, Mats
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Cooperation among smaller firms and its relation to competence, entrepreneurship and performance2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Westerberg, Mats
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Lärande och knowledge management i mindre företag2006In: Ledning i småföretag, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2006, p. 231-252Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Westerberg, Mats
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Samverkan i mindre företag i Sverige2006In: Ledning i småföretag, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2006, p. 273-297Chapter in book (Other academic)
123 1 - 50 of 116
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