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  • 1. Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Christmansson, Marita
    Hägg, Göran
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Strategier för arbetsmiljöarbete i svenska organisationer2006In: Arbetsmiljöarbete i Sverige 2004 arbetsmiljöarbete: en kunskapssammanställning över strategier, metoder och arbetssätt för arbetsmiljöarbete, Solna: Arbetslivscentrum , 2006, p. 7-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bildt, Carina
    et al.
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Dahlberg, Raymond
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Från matsal till matlåda: ergonomiska belastningar vid distribution av portionsförpackad varm mat2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    From dining room to lunch box: Ergonomic loads in distribution of individually portioned warm food During the last years in Sweden, distribution of warm food have been a service more commonly offered, then other forms of help, by the society to old people living at home who can't prepare their own food anymore. Organisations for this type of distribution have been built up in several Swedish municipalities. In the municipality where the present study took place, the food distributors were workin

  • 3. Bildt, Carina
    et al.
    Gonäs, L.Karlqvist, LenaWestberg, Hanna
    Women, Work & Health: book of abstracts : III international congress in Stockholm 20022002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 4. Bildt, Carina
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Kvinnor och män i Östergötland: arbete, fritid och hälsa2004Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bildt, Carina
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Organizational and individual obstacels for women in the metal industry2002In: Women, Work & Health: book of abstracts : III international congress in Stockholm 2002 / [ed] Carina Bildt; Lena Gonäs; Lena Karlqvist; Hanna Westberg, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2002, p. 313-314Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Bildt, Carina
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Women's conditions in working life2001Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume of Arbete och Hälsa (Work and Health) is a result of a workshop held in Brussels in September 2000. The workshop was one out of about 70 workshops that preceded the European Union Presidency Conference Work Life 2000 , that took place in Malmö in southern Sweden 22-25 January 2001. The about 70 workshops covered virtually every aspect of modern working life within the following categories: labour market, working environment, work organisation, information society, diversity in work...

  • 7. Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Wahlgren, Ingela
    Malvorna II: Utvärdering av ett utvecklingsprojekt för bättre arbetsmiljö, jämställdhet och hälsa2007Report (Other academic)
  • 8. Brunnberg, Hans
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Arbete och trivsel i ett öppet landskap: utvärdering av ett flexibelt kontor på en socialförvaltning1999Report (Other academic)
  • 9. Brunnberg, Hans
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Evaluation of flexible offices2000In: Ergonomics for the new millennium: proceedings of the XIVth triennial congress of the International Ergonomics Association and the 44th annual meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, July 29 through August 4, 2000, San Diego, California, USA, Santa Monica, Calif.: HFES , 2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Dahlberg, Raymond
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Bildt, Carina
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    From Canteen to Lunch Box: Ergonomic Demands in Distribution of Portion-Packed Hot Food2003In: Women & health, ISSN 0363-0242, E-ISSN 1541-0331, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 31-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present case-study, which is rather small in number of subjects but has a broad perspective, is part of a larger investigation designed to initiate development processes in working life in one specific region in Sweden. This study may serve as an example of ergonomic fieldwork with a gender perspective. Aim: The overall aim was to examine the physical and psychosocial working conditions among a group of female hot food distributors, and to relate these conditions to other traditionally heavy work within the same working unit, as well as to suggest improvements. Method: The study group consisted of ten female municipal employees in a provincial town. Structured interviews about the psychosocial working conditions, measurements of heart rate, ratings of self-reported perceived exertion and observations of one working day were performed. Results: The overall impression from the study was that the food distributors in several aspects had a very difficult working situation that ought to be improved. The food distributors reported high psychological demands and low decision latitude, time pressure and dissatisfaction with not being able to live up to the pensioners' and the employer's expectations. They also had a high heart rate increase during work, which may be a risk factor for impaired health. Several short-term and long-term solutions were suggested to reduce and redistribute the total work-load. Discussion: The employer has attended to some suggested short-term solutions and the follow-up study showed that the working conditions had been improved. A reduction of cardiovascular load, as well as self-rated physical exertion, was noted and the work was perceived as substantially less stressful

  • 11.
    Dahlberg, Raymond
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Bildt, Carina
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Vingård, Eva
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Educational background: Different processes and consequences on health and physical and mental exposures among women and men2007In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 57-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To compare health and exposures at work and at home of women and men with the same educational background. METHODS: The study group consisted of 3831 individuals, grouped into three educational categories based on length of education. Category 1, which represents 9-year compulsory school; Category 2, which includes 3-year upper secondary school, i.e. in total 12 years of education; and Category 3, which includes post-secondary school, such as university. They responded to a questionnaire that included questions on health and exposures at work and at home. RESULTS: Significant differences were shown in health outcomes between women and men with the same educational background and also in exposures in their professional and private lives. Associations between educational background and health were found and analyses revealed that men with a university education run the lowest risk of developing ill health. CONCLUSION: Women with the same educational background as men are differently exposed, both in paid and unpaid work, due to the segregated labour market and the unequal distribution of domestic duties. Men in all educational categories studied had better health compared to women with the same educational background.

  • 12. Dahlberg, Raymond
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Bildt, Carina
    Ergonomic work exposure and musculoskeletal symptoms among women and men with low and high education2003In: Ergonomics in the digital age: proceedings of the XVth triennial congress of the International Ergonomics Association and the 7th joint conference of Ergonomics Society of Korea / Japan Ergonomics Society ; August 24 - 29, 2003, Seoul, Korea, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe and compare self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms, work exposure, lifestyle factors and leisure activities among low- and highly-educated women and men. A questionnaire was sent to 10,000 persons of working age living in one region of Sweden. The results showed that fewer highly-educated men reported musculoskeletal symptoms in all body parts examined compared to lower educated men and all women. Work exposure, lifestyle factors and leisure activities differed greatly between the genders and between women and men with different educational backgrounds. Low-educated women were most physically exposed and had least control at work. Highly-educated men were least exposed to most of the examined work exposures. Lifestyle factors, in the sense of smoking and exercise habits, were more associated with educational category than with gender. However, time spent on home and household work was more specifically related to gender.

  • 13.
    Dahlberg, Raymond
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Bildt, Carina
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Nykvist, Karin
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Do work technique and musculoskeletal symptoms differ between men and women performing the same type of work tasks?2004In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 521-529Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Musculoskeletal disorders are more common among women than among men. When comparing the difference between men and women in the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, methodological problems arise as men and women seldom perform the same type of activities, neither at work nor at home.The main objective of this cross-sectional case study was to compare work technique and self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms between men and women performing the same type of work tasks within a metal industry. Other factors, such as leisure activities, were also taken into consideration. Three data collection methods were used; questionnaire, interviews and systematic observations. The results from the observations revealed that women worked more frequently and during longer times with their hands above shoulder height than men. Working with hands above shoulder height is considered a risk factor for neck and shoulder disorders according to previous studies. Workplace design factors were probably a reason for differences in working technique between men and women. A higher proportion of women than men reported shoulder symptoms. Women spent more time on household activities than men, which indicates a higher total workload in paid and unpaid work.

  • 14. Dahlberg, Raymond
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Bildt, Carina
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Nykvist, Karin
    Health outcomes for men and women performing the same type of work tasks2002In: Women, Work & Health: book of abstracts : III international congress in Stockholm 2002 / [ed] Carina Bildt; Lena Gonäs; Lena Karlqvist; Hanna Westberg, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2002, p. 235-236Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15. Dallner, M.
    et al.
    Gamberale, F.
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Exponeringsskattningar i arbete registrerat med dagbok iStockholmsundersökningen 1.1991In: Stockholmsundersökningen 1: Data från en tvärsnittsundersökning av ergonomisk och psykosocial exponering samt sjuklighet och funktion i rörelseorganen, Stockholm: MUSIC Books , 1991, p. 78-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16. Dallner, Margareta
    et al.
    Ericson, M.
    Fransson, Charlotte
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Nygård, Clas-Håkan
    Selin, Kristina
    Hjelm, Ewa Wigaeus
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Metoder för mätning av fysisk belastning i epidemiologiska studier: Bakgrund och försöksuppläggning1991Report (Other academic)
  • 17. Drejhammar, Inga-Britt
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Arbetsvillkor och arbetsmiljö vid tre livsmedelsbutiker2004Report (Other academic)
  • 18. Drejhammar, Inga-Britt
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Förändringsarbete i livsmedelshandeln2006Report (Other academic)
  • 19. Ekenvall, Lena
    et al.
    Bernmark, Eva
    Hagberg, Mats
    Isaksson, Anita
    Rostö, Tommy
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Datormusens placering: en determinant för kroppsställning, muskulär belastning och upplevd ansträngning?1997In: Program & sammanfattningar. [54]: Stockholmsmässan, Älvsjö 26-28 november 1997, Stockholm: Svenska läkaresällskapet , 1997Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Ekenwall, Lena
    et al.
    Yrkesmedicinska kliniken, Karolinska institutet.
    Härenstam, Annika
    Yrkesmedicinska kliniken, Karolinska institutet.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Nise, Gun
    Yrkesmedicinska kliniken, Karolinska institutet.
    Vingård, Eva
    Yrkesmedicinska kliniken, Karolinska institutet.
    Kvinnan i den vetenskapliga studien - finns hon?1993In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 90, no 43, p. 3773-3776Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21. Eklund, Jörgen
    et al.
    Hansson, Bo
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Lindbeck, Lars
    Neumann, W Patrick
    Arbetsmiljöarbete och effekter: en kunskapsöversikt2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Work environment improvements and effects a literature review This report addresses the question 'Do work-environment improvements have any effects?' The aim was to produce a summary of knowledge that includes the methodological problems of measuring and evaluating effects, as well as literature reviews of effects from work environment improvement efforts on musculoskeletal health, health promotion, and economy. Results show that published literature reviews do not give unambiguous support for

  • 22.
    Fjell, Ylva
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Alexanderson, Kristina
    Section of Personal Injury Prevention, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Bildt, Carina
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Self-reported musculoskeletal pain and working conditions among employees in the Swedish public sector2007In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 33-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Musculoskeletal disorders constitute a considerable public health problem, often resulting in sickness absence, particularly in public sector employees. Increased knowledge on how this is related to individual and work-related factors is required. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between self-reported musculoskeletal pain and the following factors: physical and psychosocial work conditions, lifestyle, psychosomatic symptoms and sick leave. A comprehensive questionnaire was completed by a total of 2523 people, of which 87% were women and 13% men. The participants were employed in public hospitals, educational institutions, home care services for the elderly and domestic/catering services in a Swedish county. The response rate was 92%. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that the high level of self-reported musculoskeletal pain was highly associated with strenuous physical and psychosocial work conditions. The physical factor with the highest odds ratio (OR) was working in a forward-bent position. High work demands was the most prominent psychosocial factor and distinctly associated with musculoskeletal pain among men. Physical work strain and other demanding working conditions, which were associated with musculoskeletal pain, were frequent among employees in home care services for the elderly and domestic/catering services. There was a strong association between long-term sick leave and high musculoskeletal pain. Furthermore, there was a strong association between a high level of musculoskeletal pain and the exhibition of psychosomatic symptoms in both women and men; this is an interaction that may intensify the total experience of illness and thus needs to be further investigated.

  • 23.
    Fjell, Ylva
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Österberg, Mia
    Section for Personal Prevention, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, The Karolinska Institute.
    Alexanderson, Kristina
    Section for Personal Prevention, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, The Karolinska Institute.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Bildt, Carina
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Appraised leadership styles, psychosocial work factors, and musculoskeletal pain among public employees2007In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 81, no 1, p. 19-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives The main aim of this study was to explore the associations between appraised leadership styles, psychosocial work factors and musculoskeletal pain among subordinates in four different public service sectors from an epidemiological perspective. Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted; data from 2,403 public sector employees in subordinate positions (86% women) were analysed. The appraised leadership styles were measured through items from a modified version of the CPE questionnaire (C change, P production/structure, E employee/relation). The structure validity of the CPE-model was examined by principal component analysis (PCA). Univariate and multivariate analyses of associations between levels of musculoskeletal pain and appraised leadership styles and with psychosocial work factors were conducted. Odds ratios (ORs) with confidence intervals (CIs) of 95% were used as a measure of associations. Results There were small variations in the appraisals of the immediate manager among the subordinates. However, the associations between musculoskeletal pain and leadership styles varied according to sector. Poor appraisals (low scores) on "change" and "employee relation" dimensions were associated with high levels of musculoskeletal pain in two sectors: home and health care services. In the domestic catering services, poor appraisals of managers in the "production/structure" dimension had the strongest association with high levels of pain. In general, poor appraisals of the "change" dimension was most strongly associated with high levels of musculoskeletal pain. "High work demands" had the strongest association with high levels of pain, particularly among the men. Conclusions Poor appraisals of managers and their leadership styles were associated with high levels of musculoskeletal pain among both female and male subordinates in different public service sectors. There is therefore a great need of further studies of the mechanisms behind the relationships between the leadership styles and their impact on health among the genders

  • 24. Fransson, C.
    et al.
    Gloria, Robert
    Kilbom, Åsa
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Nygård, Clas-Håkan
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Presentation and evaluation of a portable ergonomic observation method (PEO)1991In: Designing for everyone: proceedings of the eleventh Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, Paris 1991 / [ed] Yvan Queinnec; François Daniellou, Taylor & Francis Group, 1991, Vol. Vol. 1, p. 242-244Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Fransson-Hall, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karolinska Hospital and Institute, Departments of Epidemiology/IMM, Occupational Health, Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine,.
    Gloria, Robert
    Karolinska Hospital and Institute, Departments of Epidemiology/IMM, Occupational Health, Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine,.
    Kilbom, Åsa
    Karolinska Hospital and Institute, Departments of Epidemiology/IMM, Occupational Health, Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine,.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Divisions of Applied Work Physiology.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Karolinska Hospital and Institute, Departments of Epidemiology/IMM, Occupational Health, Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine,.
    A portable ergonomic observation method (PEO) for computerized on-line recording of postures and manual handling1995In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 93-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new portable ergonomic observation method (PEO) is presented. It is applicable to most professions and work tasks and requires only moderate human resources for data collection and analysis. Observations are made in real time directly at the workplace using a portable personal or hand-held computer, and data are accessible for immediate analysis and presentation. Duration and number of events are calculated for postures at four body regions (arms, neck, trunk and knee) as well as for manual handling. An evaluation of the PEO method, assessing some important aspects of internal validity as well as intra- and inter-observer reliability, was carried out using video recordings. It showed acceptable validity for some types of physical exposure, and high intra- and inter-observer reliability. Practical experiences from using the PEO method in a field study and further improvements of the method are discussed.

  • 26. Fransson-Hall, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Gloria, Robert
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Kilbom, Åsa
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Portabel ergonomisk observationsmetod (PEO) iStockholmsundersökningen 11991In: Stockholmsundersökningen 1.: Data från en tvärsnittsundersökning av ergonomisk och psykosocial exponering samt sjuklighet och funktion i rörelseorganen, Stockholm: MUSIC Books , 1991, p. 88-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27. Fransson-Hall, Charlotte
    et al.
    Nygård, Clas-Håkan
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Utvärdering av en portabel ergonomisk observationsmetod (PEO)1993In: Stockholmsundersökningen 1: Utvärdering av metoder för att mäta hälsa och exponeringar i epidemiologiska studier av rörelseorganens sjukdomar, Stockholm: MUSIC Books , 1993, p. 53-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Gard, Gunvor
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Different working conditions and perceived health at Gender Segregated Workplaces: Can health promotion promote equality in work demands?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29. Gloria, Robert
    et al.
    Kilbom, Åsa
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Nygård, Clas-Håkan
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Fransson, Charlotte
    Presentation och utvärdering av en portabel ergonomisk observationsmetod1991Report (Other academic)
  • 30. Hagberg, Mats
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Symptoms and disorders related to keyboard and computer mouse use1994Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31. Hjelm, Eva Wigaeus
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Nygård, Clas-Håkan
    Selin, Kristina
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Validity of Questions Regarding Physical Activity and Perceived Exertion in Occupational Work1991In: Designing for everyone: proceedings of the eleventh Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, Paris 1991 / [ed] Yvon Queinnec; François Daniellou, Taylor & Francis Group, 1991, Vol. Vol. 1, p. 239-241Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32. Hjelm, Eva Wigaeus
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Nygård, Clas-Håkan
    Sellin, Kristina
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Validitet av enkätfrågor om upplevd fysisk ansträngning och fysiskaktivitet1993In: Stockholmsundersökningen 1: Utvärdering av metoder för att mäta hälsa och exponeringar i epidemiologiska studier av rörelseorganens sjukdomar, Stockholm: MUSIC Books , 1993, p. 95-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33. Hjelm, Eva Wigaeus
    et al.
    Wiktorin, Christina
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Nygård, Clas-Håkan
    Kilbom, Åsa
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Hjärtfrekvens som mått på fysisk belastning under arbete i Stockholmsundersökningen 11991In: Stockholmsundersökningen 1.: Data från en tvärsnittsundersökning av ergonomisk och psykosocial exponering samt sjuklighet och funktion i rörelseorganen, Stockholm: MUSIC Books , 1991, p. 88-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34. Härensatm, Annika
    et al.
    Ahlberg-Hultén, Gunnel
    Bodin, Lennart
    Jansson, Catarina
    Johansson, Gun
    Johansson, Kerstin
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Leijon, Ola
    Nise, Gun
    Rydbeck, Anna
    Schéele, Patriik
    Westberg, Hanna
    Wiklund, Per
    Beskrivning och utvärdering av variabler om arbets- och livsvillkor: resultat av analyser med variabelansats samt kvalitativ och kvantitativ enkätfrågeprövning1999Report (Other academic)
  • 35. Härenstam, Annika
    et al.
    Ahlberg, Gunnel
    Bodin, Lennart
    Jansson, Catarina
    Johansson, Gun
    Johansson, Kerstin
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Leijon, Ola
    Nilse, Gun
    Rydbeck, Anna
    Scheéle, Patrik
    Wiklund, Per
    Urvalsstrategier, studiegruppen och forskningsprocessen1999Report (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Härenstam, Annika
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Bodin, L.
    Örebro Medical Centre Hospital.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Nilse, Gun
    Division of Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health Science, Karolinska Institute.
    Scheele, Patrik
    Division of Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health Science, Karolinska Institute.
    The modern work-style: assessing exposures in future jobs2001In: X2001: exposure assessment in epidemiology and practice / [ed] Mats Hagberg; Bengt Knave; Linnéa Lillienberg; Håkan Westberg, Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2001, p. 3-5Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37. Härenstam, Annika
    et al.
    Hultén, Gunnel Ahlberg
    Bodin, Lennart
    Jansson, Catarina
    Johansson, Gun
    Johansson, Karstin
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Leijon, Ola
    Nilse, Gun
    Rydbeck, Anna
    Scheéle, Patrik
    Westberg, Hanna
    Wiklund, Per
    Vad kännetecknar och innebär moderna arbets- och livsvillkor?: resultat av analyser med personansats samt utveckling av analysmodeller för befolkningsstudier1999Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Härenstam, Annika
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Bodin, Lennart
    Örebro University Hospital.
    Nise, Gun
    Division of Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health Science, Karolinska Institute.
    Schéele, Patrik
    Division of Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health Science, Karolinska Institute.
    Patterns of working and living conditions: a holistic, multivariate approach to occupational health studies2003In: Work & Stress, ISSN 0267-8373, E-ISSN 1464-5335, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 73-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study was to develop a multivariate approach to occupational health studies that is: capable of identifying groups with similar working conditions; relevant for studies of associations between working and living conditions and health; and an appropriate basis for preventive actions. Data at the individual level were obtained through measurements, observations, interviews and questionnaires, and at the organizational level, through interviews with managers. Cluster analyses were applied with the purpose of identifying groups of individuals with small, within-group differences. Eighty work sites and a sample of employees at each site were strategically selected. The study group comprised 203 men and women, and was characterized by large variation. The final analysis produced eight clusters of individuals, denoted according to their best-defining characteristic, i.e. 'decent', 'boundary-less', 'locked', 'exposed', 'heavy and monotonous', 'changed', 'mobile' and 'restrained'. The clusters differed with regard to 'what' characterized working conditions, 'where' on the labour market they were found, and 'who' clustered in these groups. The holistic approach revealed conditions that were important for health and had higher explanatory power in relation to ill-health than applying socio-economic groupings or the demand-control-support model. It showed how psychosocial, ergonomic-physical and occupational hygiene factors combine and interact to create settings with different risks of ill-health. The chosen strategy is recommended for future occupational health studies and is particularly suitable as guidance for preventive actions relevant to specific clusters of working and living conditions.

  • 39.
    Härenstam, Annika
    et al.
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Westberg, Hanna
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Leijon, Ola
    Yrkesmedicin, Stockholms läns landsting och Karolinska institutet.
    Rydbeck, Anna
    Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen, Örebro universitet.
    Waldenström, Kerstin
    Yrkesmedicin, Stockholms läns landsting och Karolinska institutet.
    Wiklund, Per
    Yrkesmedicin, Stockholms läns landsting och Karolinska institutet.
    Nilse, Gun
    Yrkesmedicin, Stockholms läns landsting och Karolinska institutet.
    Jansson, Catarina
    Yrkesmedicin, Stockholms läns landsting och Karolinska institutet.
    Hur kan könsskillnader i arbets- och livsvillkor förstås?: metodologiska och strategiska aspekter samt sammanfattning av MOA-projektets resultat ur ett könsperspektiv2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How can gender differences in work and living conditions be understood? Aspects on methods and strategies in research and a summary of the results of the MOA-project from a gender perspective To investigate and compare women's and men's work and living conditions is not an easy task. This is, among other things, due to the fact that gender research is an area where many different theories and models of explanations are claimed. Sometimes there are great differences both in ideology and scientifi

  • 40. Isaksson, Anita
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Beskrivning av hemvårdspersonalens arbetsmiljö med avseende på ansträngande arbetsmoment vid personförflyttningar1980Report (Other academic)
  • 41. Järup, Lars
    et al.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Olämpliga arbetsställningar ger stereooperatörer belastningsskador1989In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 86, no 45, p. 3892-3893Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 42. Karlqvist, Lena
    A process for the development, specification and evaluation of VDu work tables1997In: Proceedings of WWDU '97 Tokyo: Fifth International Scientific Conference on Work with Display Units : November 3 - 5, 1997 / [ed] Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Tokyo, 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43. Karlqvist, Lena
    A process for the development, specification and evaluation of VDU work tables1999In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 423-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development, specification and evaluation of a work table, suitable for VDU work with a mouse, was carried out in collaboration with furniture manufacturers, employees and an employer in a Research and Development Company. Ten VDU-operators expressed their ideas for improvements at their present workstations and the company and the researchers made a preliminary version of workstation specification to the furniture manufacturers. The three different furniture manufacturers set up four test stations with prototype tables, which were evaluated by 39 subjects using comfort ratings. The results of the comfort ratings and comments from the subjects were used when the final specification for new workstations was made. Three new work tables were evaluated in the ten selected operators' ordinary environment. Evaluations were made by technical recordings of physical load during work and by preference studies. The most important results from the evaluation can be summarized as follows: the work table should make it possible to support the arms, make it possible to vary between sitting and standing posture and prevent extreme outward rotation of the shoulder. Furthermore, the study showed that it is possible to improve the furniture manufacturers' knowledge and attitudes regarding how to minimize musculoskeletal disorders and to improve the study persons' working technique

  • 44. Karlqvist, Lena
    Arbetsmiljö, jämställdhet och hälsa vid företag/organisationer i Jämtland och Västernorrland2008In: Arbete, hälsa och kön, Östersund: Mittuniversitetet , 2008, p. 7-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45. Karlqvist, Lena
    Arbetsmiljön vid bibliotek: en ergonomisk delstudie av bibliotek i Nacka kommun1980Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46. Karlqvist, Lena
    Assessment of physical work load at visual display unit workstations: ergonomic applications and gender aspects1997Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 47. Karlqvist, Lena
    Cutting operation at canning bench: a case study of handtool design1984In: Proceedings of the 1984 International Conference on Occupational Ergonomics, May 7-9, 1984 Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Human Factors Conference , 1984, p. 452-456Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48. Karlqvist, Lena
    Development, specification and evaluation of work tables for VDU-operators using a mouse1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49. Karlqvist, Lena
    Environmental assesment: adaptions for maximal independence1987In: Therapeutic considerations for the elderly, New York: Churchill Livingstone , 1987Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50. Karlqvist, Lena
    Ergonomics and Work Organization when Redesigning a Sorting Section1988In: Ergonomics International 88: proceedings of the tenth congress of the International Ergonomics Association, 1-5 August 1988, Sydney, Australia / [ed] Austin S. Adams; R.R. Hall; B.J. McPhee; M.S. Oxenburgh, London: Taylor & Francis Group, 1988, p. 157-159Conference paper (Refereed)
1234 1 - 50 of 158
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