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  • 1.
    Aho, Seppo
    et al.
    University of Lapland.
    Ananyina, Anastasia N.
    Petrozavodsk State University.
    Espiritu, Aileen
    Barents Institute, Kirkenes.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and theater.
    Gerashchenko, Ludmila
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Kiselev, Alexey
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Kotyrlo, Elena
    Umeå university.
    Mulina, Tatiana
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Pavlova, Ella N.
    Petrozavodsk State University.
    Ryzhkova, Inna
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Shestova, Yulia
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Silinskaya, Tatiana
    Agency for Tourism and International Cooperation of the Arkhangelsk Region.
    Skupchenko, Julia
    Syktyvkar State University.
    Viken, Arvid
    Tromsø University.
    Tourism: history2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 2, N-Y / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 401-400Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Aho, Seppo
    et al.
    University of Lapland.
    Ananyina, Anastasia N.
    Petrozavodsk State University.
    Espiritu, Aileen
    Barents Institute, Kirkenes.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and theater.
    Gerashchenko, Ludmila
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Kiselev, Alexey
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Kotyrlo, Elena
    Umeå university.
    Mulina, Tatiana
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Pavlova, Ella N.
    Petrozavodsk State University.
    Ryzhkova, Inna
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Shestova, Yulia
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Silinskaya, Tatiana
    Agency for Tourism and International Cooperation of the Arkhangelsk Region.
    Skupchenko, Julia
    Syktyvkar State University.
    Viken, Arvid
    Tromsø University.
    Tourism in the Barents Region2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 2, N-Y / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 395-400Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Disneyfication of the polar experiences: ice- and snow hotels, snow castles and igloo villages2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on a survey of the recent trend of experience production in polar tourism, based on snow and ice construction to create a kind of disneyfied "winter wonder land". Snow and ice constructions have been around as long as people have been living in polar areas. Most famous are the snow igloos of the Inuit people of western arctic. This snow igloo has become a major icon for the people of the far north and the Arctic, and is used in many different contexts such as brand names, product names, comic stripes and animated films, games, architectural design, art, toys and different events. A google search on the world igloo gave 4 220 000 hits and 1 250 000 picture hits, where only a small fraction is about the Inuit igloo. Igloos are now used as tourist attractions, mainly in ski resorts in central Europe where companies such as Iglu-Dorf (on six ski destinations), IglooBase, AlpenIglu, etc. have developed extensive igloo constructions to differentiate the winter experiences of ski resorts. In association to festivals and carnivals in the north, snow construction have been used since the first "House of Ice" in St Petersburg 1739, and the first snow castles in Montreal in 1883 and forward. The first "real" Icehotel was constructed in Jukkasjärvi, 1989, and today there are seven in Finland, four in Norway, one in Canada and at least 13 igloo hotels in central Europe. This trend of creating a "dream world of snow and ice" of the polar experience, instead of the "real experience", is interesting in regard to Jensen´s prediction (1999) of the Dream Society and the new Experience Economy based on staged experience production.

  • 4.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Experience production in digital media and games2007In: Articles on Experiences 4: Digital Media & Games, Rovaniemi: Lapland University of Applied Sciences, 2007, p. 136-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Forskning, ett nästa steg2007In: Framtidsinsatser för upplevelse och turism: ett tillväxtförslag för upplevelseindustrin utifrån FUNK-modellen. Mötesplats Upplevelseindustrin i Piteå, Piteå: Mötesplats Upplevelseindustrin , 2007, p. 29-39Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Forskning inom turism och upplevelseproduktion: två framväxande forskningsfält för det nya upplevelsesamhället2007Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Friluftsliv as experience production: from slow experiences to flow and peak experiences2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Friluftsliv as an environmental philosophy deeply rooted in Scandinavian people may be a way to great experiences in nature to contrast the post modern urban every-day life. In this paper Friluftsliv will be analysed in the context of the contemporary "Experience Society" and investigate connections and similarities between Friluftsliv and Environmental Education, Tildenian Nature and Culture Interpretation and Experience Production. This paper will address the common roots of these ideas of nature interaction and nature learning and show that these common roots are based on basic human biological traits for our way of interacting with and understanding our environment. Based on new theoretical development within Experience Production the concept of Friluftsliv will be discussed in a framework of Experiential learning and Experience Production.

  • 8.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Friluftsliv as slow and peak experiences in the transmodern society2010In: Norwegian Journal of FriluftslivArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is an attempt to look at friluftsliv through the glasses of the experience society and some of the experience theory adapted from the experience economy. Identifying the basic experiences, slow, flow and peak experiences as central to friluftsliv and identifying that today's society is constituted by several generations differing in their values and world views, this paper proposes a background to the contemporary development of friluftsliv into a sportified "fast and furious" post-modern form of friluftsliv. In the contemporary "nanosecond culture" the need of genuine friluftsliv in the sense of Nansen, as a philosophical approach to interconnect with our original home, nature, seems to be needed more then ever, and is here suggested in the form of slow experiences through friluftsliv. The contemporary shift towards a Transmodern society with radically different values compared to the modern and post-modern society, opens the possibility that friluftsliv could be a Transmodern way to reconnect with nature and provide basic experiences of interconnectedness with a more-than-human world. Therefore friluftsliv could be a means to foster a Generation G for the Transmodern society.

  • 9.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Friluftsliv as slow experiences in a post-modern experience society2007In: Nature First: Outdoor Life the Friluftsliv Way, Ontario: Natural heritage books, 2007, p. 37-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Friluftsliv, entrepreneurship and experiential learning in wilderness educational expeditions2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Friluftsliv: the Scandinavian philosophy of Outdoor recreation.2000In: Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, ISSN 1205-5352, Vol. 5, p. 77-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the roots of the Scandinavian outdoor lifestyle of Friluftsliv and its philosophical implication as well as its applications for environmental education. Friluftsliv as a philosophy is deeply rooted in Norway and Sweden but has lately obtained a more a superficial meaning by the commercialisation of outdoor activities. The philosophy and biology of is explored showing its importance as a mean in environmental education to facilitate a true connectedness to the more-than-human world.

  • 12.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Från Linné till upplevelseguide: den transmoderne guiden – certifiering och kunskapsutveckling2007Report (Other academic)
  • 13. Gelter, Hans
    Genetic and behavioural differentiation associated with speciation in the flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca and F. albicollis1989Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Genuine Friluftsliv as a Way to Great Natural Experiences and Professional Experience Production2005In: Articles on Experiences.: Digital media & games, Rovaniemi: Lapland Centre of Expertise for the Experience Industry , 2005, p. 8-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Interpretation and Total Experience Management (TEM) as innovative methods for sustainable nature based tourism: a benchmarking analysis2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the trans-modern society tourism has to transform into meaningful and learning experiences that contribute to a better and sustainable world. Integrating the methodology of natural interpretation and environmental education with developing theories of meaningful experience production, new innovative nature tourism products can be developed for glocal sustainability. Combining Marslow´s pyramid of needs with TQM, I developed the concept of Total Experience Management (TEM), as a powerful tool for qualitative experience production. Combining interpretation and TEM, innovative nature experiences with meaningful bearings on sustainability can be produced according to Pine & Gilmore´s model of the four experience realms of entertainment, education, escapism and aesthetics. Based on the methods of interpretation and TEM I have developed a benchmarking tool which I tested on 15 nature and cultural based guided tours in Canada, Australia, Finland, Norway, Iceland and Sweden. Within two projects for developing guiding qualities we surveyed 115 entrepreneurs and tourism organisations in Finland, Sweden and Norway, about their view on "guide competence" and quality certification of guides. The benchmark study showed that interpretation as method is still rare and there are needs for quality improvements of the nature experience production in the light of TEM. The business survey indicated a need for certification and quality improvement of nature guides. However, when hiring a guide their education and reputation was more important then their certification. I thus conclude that the methods and skills of the nature guide could be a key factor for improving sustainable outcome of nature based tourism. 

  • 16.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Introducing an emotional experience learning model based on a critical analysis of experiential learning in environmental and outdoor education and experience production2006In: Social Sciences in Resource Management: Global Challenges & Local Responses: Book of Abstracts, 12th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management, ISSRM 2006 / [ed] Ben Beardmore; Krista Englund ; Wolfgang Haider, Burnaby, BC: Simon Fraser University , 2006, p. 97-98Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Engagement and awareness of environmental issues are emerged by formal environmental education, media communication and from personal environmental experiences in leisure activities. Learning in environmental education has traditional been a cognitive communication of knowledge based on a scientifically objective epistemology leaving the constructive integration process and understanding the world to the student. This traditional "learning about" has recently been complimented by a "learning from" through experiential learning and outdoor education. The passive absorption of knowledge has shifted towards a more active immersion in the experiences of the world. The emergence of active experience production based on Pine and Gimore´s staged "Experience Realms" and new neuro-cognitive findings opens up for deeper understanding of the processes of learning through experiences. Colb´s experiential learning is based on an active cognitive reflection process, "learning from" our actions and experiences. Using the metaphor of experiences and actions as a temporal process illustrated as a river, Colb´s experiential learning is based on of the process of stepping out of the river and from the beach active reflect on what happened in the river with the purpose to learn and become better prepared for further actions when re-entering the river of experiences. Colb´s experiential learning model is thus a "time-out" reflective process from the experience, and therefore not a true experiential learning, thus not a "learning in" the experience.I here propose a model of "emotional experiential learning" based on neuro-cognitive processes such as unconscious learning and emotions as relevance detectors in the learning process. The learning occurs in the river of experiences generating a silent emotionally based unconscious knowledge. This model emphasis the importance of the materialistic component of the experience composed of the socio-spatial constitution of the experiential space and the subjective immaterialistic component of the experience. The model can be used both in environmental and outdoor education as well as in experience production in tourism and leisure. This silent emotional knowledge acquired unconsciously "in" and "through" the experiences may be a more powerful agency for environmental awareness and engagement then the traditional cognitively acquired communicative knowledge learned "about" the environment.

  • 17.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Learning from a distressed loon: contribution to wilderness expedition conference2012In: Pathways : the Ontario Journal of Outdoor Education, ISSN 0840-8114, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 28-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Polar tourist experiences: challenges and possibilities for transmodern tourism2011In: Polar Tourism: A Tool for Regional Development, Québec: Presses de L'Université du Québec, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this report is to contribute to the new polar tourism research area, the polar tourist experience, by conceptually discuss different approaches to study tourist experiences. These frameworks are integrated with the emerging concept of Transmodern tourism and its implications for the polar travel industry and future empirical research on polar tourism.

  • 19.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Projekt: BART - Offentligt - privat partnership inom Barents Regionen2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Ett Kolarctic ENPI CBC Program projekt initierat av Rovaniemi University of Applied Science med 12 partners i Ryssland, en i Norge och LTU i Sverige. Projektet ". Startar januari 2011.

  • 20.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and theater.
    Projekt: Friluftsliv och naturturism ur ett upplevelseperspektiv2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and theater.
    Projekt: Snö och is som innovativ resurs för besöksnäringen2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet är att generera generiska kunskaper om snö och is som naturlig och hållbar resurs för innovativ produkt- och destinationsutveckling. Via omvärldsanalys och benchmarking, thinktank för koncept och produktutveckling och skapande av en experimentell IceLab och test-arena för snökonstruktioner och upplevelser kring snö och is, avser projektet att bidra till ny kunskap och innovativ inspiration till besöksnäringen att utnyttja snö och is som resurs till produkt- och destinationsutveckling och därigenom stärka Sverige som en innovativ vinterdestination. Målgrupp för projektets resultat är förutom forskarvärlden, befintliga och tillkommande entreprenörer samt destinationsorganisationer (DMO´s) och kommuner som har en naturlig tillgång till snö och is.

  • 22.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Service och Värdskap inom Piteås handel - "Mystery Shopping" studie med LTU studenter 2010-2011: Delrapport-1: Guldfynd2012Report (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Snow and ice as a resource for innovative tourist experiences in northern Sweden: the case of Ice Theater and Ice Music Hall2008In: The Vienna Symposium on Polar Tourism: October 22nd to 25th 2008. A contribution of TU Wien to the International Polar Year 2007-2009 / [ed] Meinhard Breiling, 2008, p. 55-73Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This report of two innovative snow construction projects that border-cross the traditional cultural context of theatre and music with snow and ice shows the great experiential and touristic potential of such projects. At the same time several problems are associated with such projects. The most obvious that resulted in financial problems both with the Ice Dome Theatre at Jukkasjärvi and the Ice Music Concert Hall in Piteå are the high construction and production costs compared with the relative limited income during a short period available for performances. This problem is accentuated by climate change problems where the winter season even in northern Sweden appear to become more unstable affecting the time available for the return of cost. This has Linhart solved by constructing the Ice Dome Concert Hall at 3200 meters elevation, which however result in other problems such as access and material transport costs as well as high altitude fatigue among workers, musicians and audience.  The projects have however taught us that high quality experiences can be produced based on traditional cultural art in combination with snow and ice. Further research on methods to reduce both construction and production costs and as well as the economical calculations and project management for such projects should be initiated.

  • 24. Gelter, Hans
    Song differences between the pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca, the collarede flycatcher F. albicollis and their hybrids1987In: Ornis Scandinavica, ISSN 0030-5693, Vol. 18, p. 205-215Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Sustainable Polar tourism innovations through staging polar experiences for the experience economy: applying the TEM product development concept2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Already in 1970 Alvin Tofler in his book "Future Shock" introduced the concept of "Experience production". The consequences of an experience society was further analysed by Shultze in 1992 and became more widely known by Pine and Gilmore in 1999 as the Experience Economy. Its cultural consequences as a "dream society", "attention economy",  "Creative culture" etc. and understanding the "experiencescapes" for the  tourist experience  has since then been explored by several authors. The contemporary cultural shift from a post-modern to a trans-modern society with focus on glocal sustainability and interconnectedness by web 2.0 and modern communication technology, gives us new implications in staging tourist experiences. The same holds for fusing "entertainment industry" with both the educational and traditional tourism industries in the form of edutainment in the tourist experience. Several models for staging or "producing" experiences within tourism have been proposed to give tourist entrepreneurs tools for innovative product development within the experience economy. This paper will explore the application of a product development concept "Total Experience Management", TEM, within Polar Tourism with examples from Northern Scandinavia.

  • 26. Gelter, Hans
    The birds of western palearctic Vol. VI. Warblers and thruches. The birds of the western Palearctic Vol VII. Flycatchers to skrikes1994In: The AUK: A Quarterly Journal of Ornithology, ISSN 0004-8038, E-ISSN 1938-4254, Vol. 111, no 1, p. 247-249Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    The Solander Trail: an innovative hiking trail development process based on the Experience Economy paradigm2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Theoretical Reflection on the Concept of Hostmanship in the Light of Two Emerging Tourism Regions.2013In: Interregional tourism cooperation: experiences from the Barents /, Rovaniemi: Lapland University Consortium , 2013, p. 44-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the potential of shifting from providing services to producing experiences in emerging tourism destinations such as the Barents and the Adriatic Sea Regions. It is based on a theoretical reflection and personal experiences of service and hospitality in these areas.It explores the progression of offerings in the experience economy as a means for destination development. In the light of three main ways of product development for experience offerings, the “soft” dimensions of hospitality and hostmanship will be discussed, and how the experience economy can transform unique selling points to experiential value promises.

  • 29.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Total experience management: a conceptual model for transformational experiences within tourism2010In: The nordic conference on experience: research, education and practice in media 2008 : conference proceedings / [ed] Sol-Britt Arnolds-Granlund; Peter Björk, Vaasa: Tritonia , 2010, p. 46-78Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emerging Experience Economy will have interesting implications for experience production within tourism. By integrating theoretical frameworks of the Experience Economy with the context of Transmodern tourism, this paper explores concept of transformational offerings into meaningful and learning experiences that contribute to a sustainable world.  Based on theoretical frameworks from Experiential Learning, Tildenian interpretation, Experiencescapes and Maslow´s hierarchy of human needs, a Total Experience Management model of experience production has been developed. This model of TEM could be a tool to transform the Erlebnis aspects of the experience into meaningful Erfahrung and Life Experiences. In the context of sustainability and the intention of Agenda 21 the transformational aspects of experiences can be applied to transform tourists into an engagement of sustainability issues. Nature based tourism can thereby develop innovative themes of transformations within the transformational offerings and economy proposed by Pine and Gilmore 1999.

  • 30.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Total Experience Management (TEM) as innovativemethods for sustainable nature based tourism2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Towards a Swedish Validation and Certification system för Nature Guides and Interpreter´s2006In: 2nd National Wildlife Tourism Conference 2006, 2006, p. 43-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As nature tourism becomes an increasingly important component within the experience economy, the demands and expectations increase on nature guides as well as on tour and safari operators. This is partly a consequence of increased demands among better and better educated visitors within the new information society. The offered experience need to be extraordinary, of high quality and personalized to fulfill demands from the new experienceeconomy. The emergence of eco-tourism as a consequence of demands for sustainable environmental management and an explicit environmental ethical awareness and Biophilic values in society sets new standards within nature tourism. These new demands have to be combined with the need for tourist companies for economical sustainability and possibility to grow and develop.The growing nature tourism in Sweden which previously has been a peripheral area for tourism in Europe, and these new demands in the experience economy has resulted in a Swedish quality marking system, "Nature´´ s Best" of nature based tourist products which has gained international interest. But the educational and professional system for nature guides is still undeveloped in Sweden where most are self learned or more or less educated without anycertification standards. The concept of certified nature Interpreter's as in US has not yet been introduced in Sweden and Scandinavia. Based on similar principles as "Nature's Best" ecocertification, a system for educational curriculum, validation of established nature guides and a national certification system is being established with the aim of integrating the concepts of Interpretation, Experience Production and sustainable Eco-tourism.

  • 32.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Towards an understanding of experience production2007In: Articles on Experiences 4: Digital Media & Games, Rovaniemi: Lapland University of Applied Sciences, 2007, p. 28-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Upplevelsen av naturkontakt: implikationer för friluftsliv2009In: Friluftsforskning 2009: Sammanfattning av presentationer vid konferensen Friluftsforskning 2009 den 18-19:e november vid Mittuniversitetet, campus Östersund / [ed] Anders Mossing; Peter Fredman, Friluftsliv i förändring , 2009, p. 18-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Naturkontakt anses vara en positiv upplevelse för de flesta och används som argument för stimulering av ett aktivt Friluftsliv. Men vad händer under själva naturupplevelsen? I en upplevelsebaserad studie av en kortvarig naturupplevelse, där personen fick sitta ensam i naturen under 5-10 minuter och sedan redogöra för sina upplevelser, får vi intressanta inblickar i vad naturkontakten skapar för upplevelser. Implikationer av denna studie för friluftsliv disskuteras i presentationen

  • 34.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and theater.
    What do we mean by Experience Production? - A suggested ecology for the diverse concepts of producing and analyzing tourism experiences.2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Why is reflective thinking uncommon?2003In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 337-344Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents some thoughts about the use of the word 'reflection' and the provocative statement that reflection seems not to be a spontaneous everyday activity in our professions or everyday life. The discussion focuses on the cognitive aspects of reflection. As reflection is regarded as a conscious activity the hypothesis of a conscious 'I' and an unconscious 'me' is discussed in the light of information theory and their suggested functions in understanding and grasping the world. It is suggested that as a consequence of short-term memory and our flashlight-like consciousness scanning our perceptive world, it is difficult to keep our consciousness focused on one thing for longer times. This is suggested to be of evolutionary survival value with the consequence that focused reflection needs active effort and energy, and thus is not a spontaneous activity. It is also suggested that the conscious 'I' and its capacity to reflect is of evolutionary and historic recent origin, arising in the dawn of modern society in association with the development of a free will. The reflective capacity is thus epigenetic and has to be learned and encouraged

  • 36.
    Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Forsman, Arne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Utvärdering av Projekt Nepal: ett pedagogiskt utvecklingsprojekt för upplevelsebaserat och globalt lärande2006Report (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Gelter, Jennie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    An innovation lost: the ice dome concert hall project in Piteå2013In: The Value of Arts and Culture for Regional Development: A Scandinavian Perspective, London: Routledge Mental Health, 2013, p. 252-266Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is the story about an innovative dream of an Ice Dome Concert Hall made completely of snow and ice. During two winters it was realized in Piteå, northern Sweden. An ice artist’s dream and desire to produce great art soon met the reality of cultural projects and the accompanying slow bureaucracy of financing and project planning. As a result, the artist took his world unique idea abroad and Sweden lost a great cultural attraction. This chapter illustrates the problem of how creative and innovative ideas cannot always be transformed into local and regional development projects.

  • 38.
    Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Gelter, Jennie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Ice Dome Concert Hall i Piteå: lärdomar från ett innovativt utvecklingsprojekt2010In: Kulturens kraft för regional utveckling, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2010, p. 377-399Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Hellmér, Elisabeth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Gelter, Jennie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    MICE tourism development in Swedish Lapland and the Barents Region: perspectives from tourism actors in Swedish Lapland2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Lamers, M.
    Maastrich University.
    Maher, .P.
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    Antarctic tourist experience: a comparison of SOI students with cruse tourists2010In: 2010 International Polar Year Oslo Science Conference, Oslo, 8-12 Jun 2010, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Antarctica tourism has increased drastically over the last decades with the numbers of ship-borne tourists increased by 430% and land-based tourists by 757% in the last 10-15 years. This drastic increase and its future predicted increase has evoked concerns among stakeholders about negative environmental impacts by the tourism industry in these fragile environments. This development has called for long term tourism policies as well as a request for research in polar tourism to understand its nature and its management and regulation. Much effort in polar tourism research has been allocated to define polar tourism as a legitimate area of scholarly inquiry. Despite the emerging polar tourism research we still know very little about the phenomenon of polar tourism. Most of polar tourism research has focused on patterns of tourism, tourist demands and tourist behaviour such as number of tourists, motivation, demographics, their routs, destinations, activities, attitudes, knowledge, skills and compositions of the travel groups. Since the creation of the International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO) in 1991 there has been a reliable recording of tourist data in Antarctica. However, little information is available on the nature and quality of polar tourist experiences, knowledge (pre- and post visit), on-site experience and the tourists personal experiences of their impact on the environment. Particularly interesting is the effect of polar travel on the tourists´ post visit ambassadorial activities and the costs and benefits to polar travel associated with changing global climate patterns

  • 41.
    Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Lundstedt, Milly
    Länsstyrelsen Västernorrland.
    Edler, Gunilla Nilsson
    SveGuide.
    Nyqvist, Johan
    Ekoturismföreningen, Rutilus ecokonsult AB.
    Hansen, Nora Skjernaa
    Närnaturguiderna, Enetjärn Natur AB.
    Säll, Bosse
    Ekoturismföreningen, Rutilus ecokonsult AB.
    Vessberg, Lennart
    Naturinformation.
    Förslag till nationell certifiering av naturguider: Arbetsgruppen för nationell certifiering av naturguider, En arbetsgrupp inom Interreg IIIB-projektet Northern Environment for Sustainable Tourism, delprojekt Höga Kusten2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att vara natur- och kulturguide är nog ett av världens roligaste jobb. Att utifrån sitt eget intresse vistas i den miljö man älskar, att få visa, vägleda, informera, lära, interpretera och levandegöra det man är intresserad av och att få jobba med människor och deras drömmar, upplevelser och äventyr är en privilegierad uppgift. Samtidigt ställs det i dag stora krav på en guide. Vi ska både vara kunniga, entusiastiska, glada, professionella, problemlösare, ledare, entreprenörer, representanter, pedagoger, upplevelseproducent eller interpretatör. Många vill guida på sin fritid kanske inom en ideell organisation, andra vill ha det som ett yrke antingen i ett eget aktivitetsföretag, som anställd i ett turistföretag eller organisation eller som frilans. Under begreppet guide ryms dessutom en mängd olika aktiviteter från platsguider på museer och friluftsanläggningar, till buss- och transferguider, reseledare, aktivitetsguider och till bergsguider och expeditionsguider. Kan allt detta rymmas under ett paraply, ett enat begrepp? Går det att kvalitetssäkra guidebegreppet? Och i så fall hur gör man? Vad ligger i guidekompetensen? Vad gör en bra guide? Vad gör en till en professionell guide? Dessa svåra och intressanta frågor har vi fått i uppdrag att försöka reda ut. Utifrån våra olika bakgrunder, värderingar och kontaktnät har vi gett oss in på en gemensam resa att utforska dessa frågor. Resan har varit lång, ibland ifrågasatt, inte alltid lätt men alltid mycket givande och lärorik. Vi har lärt oss massor om oss själva som guider, om begreppet guide och om turismens utveckling och behov av guider. Allt detta försöker vi i denna rapport förmedla för att höja status hos och intresset för natur- och kulturguider. Vår förhoppning är denna rapport stimulerar till diskussioner kring guidning, kan bidra till att utveckla våra guider och svensk turism samt leda fram till en kvalitetssäkring av begreppet naturguide via ett nationellt certifieringssystem.

  • 42.
    Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Maher, P.
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    Guide ethics and polar tourism impact2010In: 2010 International Polar Year Oslo Science Conference, Oslo, 8-12 Jun 2010, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism is growing and diversifying in both of the world's Polar Regions. Unlike most othertourism destinations, the Polar Regions are remote, environmentally vulnerable and extreme regarding climate. These characteristics pose particular safety risks, risk of environmental damage, and risk of disturbance for both wildlife and other human activities in these areas. This leaves sustainable practice and management of tourism in the Polar Regions largely in the hands of the guides that accompany visiting groups of tourists. Little scientific knowledge is available about guide-tourist-environmental interactions or the role of the guide on tourist behaviour and environmental impact, experience, value transformations and take-away from the visit, in relation to the guide experience production methodology, personal experiences and values. Awareness of tourism impact in these environments has resulted in regulatory organisations such as the Association of Arctic Expedition Cruse Operators, AECO. The aim of this study was to address the attitude, ethics, practice and methodology of polar guides in relation to management of guest experience and behaviour. This pilot study was conducted in collaboration with AECO on their Expedition leader conference on Svalbard 2008. A questionnaire addressing the guides background and education, certification, professional experience, personal views, vales and guiding practise was given to the 43 present polar guides.

  • 43.
    Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Maher, Patrick
    University of Northern British Columbia, Kanada.
    Lamers, Michali
    Wageningen University, Holland.
    Projekt: Turismpåverkan och turisters upplevelser inom polarturism2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Polarturism ökar kraftigt vid båda polarregionerna. Detta har medfört farhågor om negativ miljöpåverkan och ifrågasättande av att taturister till dessa avlägsna och känsliga miljöer. Reglering av polarturism är till stor del branschdriven och vetenskaplig kunskapsaknas om hur turismen sköts och regleras praktiskt på guide- turist ? miljö (GTM) interaktionsnivå. Guiden har en nyckelroll förturisters beteenden, upplevelser och miljöpåverkan. Detta projekt avser att studera GTM interaktionen som grund för vetenskapligtgrundad polarturism policy och guide pedagogik. Genom en vetenskaplig strategi av triangulering med hjälp av både kvalitativa ochkvantitativa metoder som inkluderar direkta och videobaserade observationer, frågeformulär, djupintervjuer ochGPS/actioncam/ögonscanning mätningar, studeras två turismexpeditioner till polartrakterna. Hurtigruten M/S Fram expedition påSvalbard och Antarktis jämförs med en Student-On-Ice expedition i Antarktis med M/S Ushuaia. Vid tidigare pilotstudier harfrågeformulär testats, och GPS/ActionCam/ögonscanning samt video observationer utvecklats och testats på expeditioner iAntarktis. Detta projekt blir den första jämförande studien av GTE interaktioner som kombinerar dessa metoder vid bådapolarområdena.

  • 44. Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Tegelström, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Genetic differentiation between two closely related flycatcher species (Muscicapidae)1990In: Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici: Christchurch, New Zealand 2-9 December 1990 / [ed] Ben D. Bell, Wellingto: New Zealand Ornithological Congress Trust Board , 1990, p. 592-599Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45. Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Tegelström, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet.
    High frequency of extra-pair parternity in Swedish Pied Flycatchers revealed by allozyme electrophoresis and DNA fingerprinting1992In: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, ISSN 0340-5443, E-ISSN 1432-0762, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used two genetic techniques to study multiple parentage in the pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca). Allozyme electrophoresis of 131 nestlings from 22 clutches sampled in 1982 and 1987 showed that one nestling had a mismatched allele compared with its putative parents. In one additional nest the devitation from Mendelian inheritance of parental genotypes suggested extra-pair paternity. The calculated probability of detecting multiple paternity from the genetic variation at four loci was 0.115. The estimated population frequency of extra-pair fertilization (EPF) was 13%, based on two mismatches and the probability of detecting multiple paternity. The seven families (n = 38 nestlings) in the 1987 sample were also analyzed by DNA fingerprinting using the M13 and Jeffrey's 33.15 probes. Overall, 24% (n = 9) of the nestlings analyzed were genetically inconsistent with their putative father, with EPF occurring in three (43%) of the seven clutches. One nestling originated by intraspecific brood parasitism. Comparison of the two techniques using the same samples showed that allozyme electrophoresis has a resolution only 11% of that of DNA fingerprinting, close to the calculated probability of detecting multiple paternity (0.115). Both techniques suggest that extra-pair fertilization is relatively common in the Swedish populations investigated compared to the low frequency reported from a Norwegian population

  • 46. Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Tegelström, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Restriction enzyme clevage of nuclear DNA reveals differences in repetitive sequences in two species pairs: (Ficedula and Parus)1990In: The AUK: A Quarterly Journal of Ornithology, ISSN 0004-8038, E-ISSN 1938-4254, Vol. 107, no 2, p. 429-431Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47. Gelter, Hans
    et al.
    Tegelström, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gustafsson, Lars
    Uppsala universitet.
    Evidence from hatching success and DNA fingerprinting for fertility of hybrid pied x collared flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca x albicollis1992In: Ibis, ISSN 0019-1019, E-ISSN 1474-919X, Vol. 134, no 1, p. 62-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Pied and Collared Flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca and F. albicollis hybridize on the Baltic islands of Oland and Gotland. Field studies of hatching success in clutches from 36 breeding hybrid males indicate that male hybrids reproduce successfully. In comparison, 25 hybrid females had normal clutch sizes but failed to hatch nestlings, suggesting female hybrid sterility. The paternity of seven hybrid males was investigated by DNA fingerprinting using two hypervariable minisatellite probes. Of these hybrid males, six were assessed as fertile. Three of the hybrid male families (43%) contained nestlings with extra-pair paternity and the frequency of extra-pair fertilization among 37 nestlings was 22%. One nestling originated from intraspecific female nest parasitism. The sterility pattern in hybrids between these two flycatchers with sterile female and fertile male hybrids is in agreement with Haldane's rule.

  • 48.
    Gullberg, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Tegelström, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gelter, Hans
    DNA-fingerprinting reveals extra-pair fertilization in great and blue tits (Parus major and P. caeruleus)1992In: Hereditas, ISSN 0018-0661, E-ISSN 1601-5223, Vol. 117, no 2, p. 103-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paternity of nestlings in the great tit (Parus major) and blue tit (Parus caeruleus) was studied using DNA fingerprinting. Multiple paternity was found in five out of ten great tit families and two out of seven blue tit families. Among the great and blue tit families 7 out of 47 (15 %) and 3 out of 51 (6 %) of the nestlings, respectively, were the result of extra-pair matings. Thus, extra-pair fertilization was proven not only in the blue tit but also in the great tit, a species regarded to be strictly monogamous. In no case was the whole brood sired by an extra-pair male and no case of intraspecific brood parasitism was detected.

  • 49.
    Laikre, Linda
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Tegelström, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gelter, Hans
    DNA fingerprints in captive wolfs (Canis lupus)1992In: Hereditas, ISSN 0018-0661, E-ISSN 1601-5223, Vol. 117, no 3, p. 293-296Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Lamers, Machiel
    et al.
    Environmental Policy Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Centre.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Diversification of Antarctic tourism: the case of a scuba diving expedition2012In: Polar Record, ISSN 0032-2474, E-ISSN 1475-3057, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 280-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism in Antarctica has grown substantially over recent decades and has diversified into different activities and modes of transport. This paper presents a first attempt to explore the implications of this diversification trend for Antarctic tourist experiences, wildlife and onsite management. Evidence from a passenger survey, participatory observations and expert interviews using video elicitation has been collected during, and in the context of, a diving expedition cruise. The data suggests that significant differences can be detected in the way divers and non-divers experience aspects of the trip, most notably regarding guides. The results also indicate that diverse activities generate a broader variance in attitudes and behaviours, which may have repercussions for wildlife, site use and onsite management. Given the diversification trend it is timely and necessary to revisit and consistently enforce site guidelines and visitor guidelines with an eye on multi-activity trips. In addition, further studies on the implications of this trend are needed by means of case studies, surveys looking at a wider range of tourist trips, and monitoring programmes assessing wildlife behaviour and impacts.

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