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  • 1.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Kota, Hanumantha Rao
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Ikumapayi, Fatai
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Gunneriusson, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Johansson, Björn
    New Boliden AB.
    Berggren, Andreas
    New Boliden AB.
    Larsson, Anna-Carin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Öberg, Sven
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Mouzon, Johanne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Bhuiyan, Iftekhar Uddin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Forsmo, Seija
    LKAB.
    Interactions in multi-component mineral systems2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Kota, Hanumantha Rao
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Ikumapayi, Fatai
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Johansson, Björn
    New Boliden AB.
    Berggren, Andreas
    New Boliden AB.
    Larsson, Anna-Carin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Öberg, Sven
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Mouzon, Johanne
    Bhuiyan, Iftekhar Uddin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Forsmo, Seija
    LKAB.
    Interactions in multi-component mineral systems2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Beattie, D.A.
    et al.
    Ian Wark Research Institute, University of South Australia.
    Lidström-Larsson, Margareta
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    In situ total internal reflection Raman spectroscopy of surfactant adsorption at a mineral surface2006Ingår i: Vibrational Spectroscopy, ISSN 0924-2031, E-ISSN 1873-3697, Vol. 41, nr 2, s. 198-204Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the first attempt to characterise surfactant adsorption from solution onto a particle film using total internal reflection Raman spectroscopy. Three surfactant collectors of interest to the mineral processing industry were studied in their adsorption onto sphalerite: heptyl xanthate, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT), and O,O-dibutyldithiophosphate (DTP). All three surfactants adsorbed to the surface of the sphalerite. Adsorption of heptyl xanthate was monitored as a function of time and increasing concentration. The spectrum of heptyl xanthate indicated the presence of a small amount of dixanthogen on the surface of the sphalerite. MBT adsorption studies were complicated due to the fluorescence of the adsorbed layer. However, peaks due to the adsorbed MBT were observed on top of the fluorescent background, allowing the identification of the adsorbed species to be confirmed as the oxidised dimer species. Spectra obtained from MBT and DTP co-adsorption studies did not display the strong adsorbate layer fluorescence, indicating that the fluorescence spectrum of the adsorbed MBT is most likely affected by ring-ring interactions.

  • 4.
    Billes, Ferenc
    et al.
    Department of Physical Chemistry, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Molecular geometry and vibrational spectroscopy of potassium O,O-diethyldithiophosphate2006Ingår i: Vibrational Spectroscopy, ISSN 0924-2031, E-ISSN 1873-3697, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 89-97Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work was to build a good theoretical and experimental basis for the further study of changes in structure and spectra of the O,O-diethyldithiophosphate anion upon its adsorption on the surfaces of transition metal sulfides.Infrared and Raman spectra of potassium O,O-diethyldithiophosphate were recorded. High level quantum chemical calculations were carried out to optimize the molecular geometry of both the potassium salt and its anion. Vibrational force constants were calculated from the second derivative of the molecular energy function with respect to the Cartesian coordinates of the atoms. With the aid of the optimized geometry and the calculated vibrational force constants a normal coordinate analysis was carried out to characterize the molecular vibrational modes and to assign the vibrational frequencies.

  • 5.
    Billes, Ferenc
    et al.
    Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Mikosch, Hans
    Vienna University of Technology.
    A combined DFT and vibrational spectroscopy study of the nickel and zinc O,O-diethyldithiophosphate complexes2010Ingår i: Vibrational Spectroscopy, ISSN 0924-2031, E-ISSN 1873-3697, Vol. 53, nr 2, s. 296-306Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on our earlier results on the theoretical and experimental study of potassium O,O-diethyldithiophosphate, the normal modes of nickel and zinc O,O-diethyldithiophoshate complexes were elucidated. Infrared and Raman spectra of these compounds were recorded. Quantum chemical calculations resulted in optimized structures, electric charge distributions, vibrational force constants, and fundamental frequencies. Normal coordinate analysis was applied to characterize the vibrational modes. Based on the results of these calculations vibrational spectra were simulated. The largest spectral differences between the two complexes appeared in vibrational modes encompassing the central part of the formula unit viz. PS2MS2P, where M is the metal atom. Namely, this central part of the Ni complex has D2h symmetry, while that of the Zn one has D2d symmetry.

  • 6.
    Billes, Ferenc
    et al.
    Department of Physical Chemistry, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest.
    Mohammed-Ziegler, Ildikó
    Institute of Chemistry, Chemical Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest.
    Mikosch, Hans
    Institute for Solid State Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Vienna University of Technology.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Vibrational spectroscopic and conformational analysis of pinosylvin2002Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 106, nr 26, s. 6232-6241Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Infrared and Raman spectra of pinosylvin were recorded and the vibrational frequencies with the corresponding infrared intensities were compared with the results of ab initio calculations utilizing the DFT method with the Becke3P86 functional and the 6-31G(d) basis set. Normal coordinate analysis was carried out. The effect of the conformation of the OH groups on the distribution of net charges, molecular energy and vibrational fundamentals were analyzed. One of the OH-cis-OH-trans conformers has the lowest energy. The conformation has a strong effect on the aforementioned properties, e.g., the cis-to-trans transition generates electron repulsion toward the vinylidene group between the two benzene rings. The changes in the different properties are in good accordance with each other. For comparison, the vibrational spectra were also recorded and calculated for the parent compound, trans-stilbene.

  • 7. Carabante, Ivan
    et al.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Holmgren, Allan
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    The influence of Zn2+ ions on the adsorption of arsenate onto ferrihydrite studied by in situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Carabante, Ivan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Kumpiene, Jurate
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Adsorption of As (V) on iron oxide nanoparticle films studied by in situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy2009Ingår i: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 346, nr 1-3, s. 106-113Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Stabilization of arsenic contaminated soils by iron oxides has been proposed as a remediation technique to prevent leaching of arsenate into the environment. Fundamental studies are needed to establish under which conditions the complexes formed are stable. In the present work, a powerful technique, viz. ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, is adapted to studies of adsorption of arsenate species on iron oxides. This technique facilitates acquisition of both quantitative and qualitative in situ adsorption data.In the present work, about 800 nm thick films of 6-lineferrihydrite were deposited on ZnSe ATR crystals. Arsenate adsorption on the ferrihydrite film was studied at pD values ranging from 4 to 12 and at an arsenate concentration of 0.03 mM in D2O solution. The amount of adsorbed arsenate decreased with increasing pD as a result of the more negatively charged iron oxide surface at higher pD values. The adsorption and desorption kinetics were also studied. Arsenate showed a higher adsorption rate within the first 70 minutes and a much lower adsorption rate from 70 up to 300 minutes. The low adsorption rate at longer reaction times was partly due to a low desorption rate of already adsorbed carbonate species adsorbed at the surface. The desorption of carbonate species was evidenced by the appearance of negative absorption bands. The desorption of adsorbed arsenate complexes was examined by flushing with D2O at pD 4 and 8.5 and it was found that the complexes were very stable at pD 4 suggesting formation of mostly inner-sphere complexes whereas a fraction of the complexes at pD 8.5 were less stable than at pD 4, possibly due to the formation of outer-sphere complexes.In summary, the ATR technique was shown to provide in situ information about the adsorption rate, desorption rate and the speciation of the complexes formed within a single experiment, which is very difficult to obtain using other techniques.

  • 9.
    Carabante, Ivan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Kumpiene, Jurate
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Influence of Zn(II) on the adsorption of arsenate onto ferrihydrite2012Ingår i: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 46, nr 24, s. 13152-13159Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Addition of iron oxide to arsenic-contaminated soil has been proposed as a means of reducing the mobility of arsenic in the soil. Arsenic and zinc are common coexisting contaminants in soils. The presence of zinc therefore may affect the adsorption properties of arsenic on iron oxide, and may thus affect its mobility in the soil. The influence of Zn(II) on the adsorption of arsenate ions on iron oxide was studied. Batch adsorption experiments indicated that Zn(II) increased the arsenate removal from a solution by ferrihydrite at pH 8. However, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy showed that no adsorption of arsenate on a ferrihydrite film occurred at pD 8 in the presence of Zn(II). Precipitation of zinc hydroxide carbonate followed by arsenate adorption onto the precipitate was found to be a plausible mechanism explaining the arsenate removal from a solution in the presence of Zn(II) at pH/pD 8. The previously suggested mechanisms attributing the enhanced removal of arsenate from solution in the presence of Zn(II) to additional adsorption on iron oxides could not be verified under the experimental conditions studied. It was also shown that at pH/pD 4, the presence of Zn(II) in the system did not significantly affect the adsorption of arsenate on ferrihydrite.

  • 10.
    Carabante, Ivan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Kumpiene, Jurate
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    A powerful method for studying the adsorption of As(V) on iron oxides in situ2008Ingår i: Arsenic in the environment - Arsenic from nature to humans: Book of Abstracts, 2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Dobryden, Illia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Almqvist, Nils
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Weber, Hans
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Yang, Xiaofang
    Scanning probe microscopy study of magnetite particle force interactions in a solution2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Dobryden, Illia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Potapova, Elisaveta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Almqvist, Nils
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Weber, Hans
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser.
    Application of AFM to probe micro- and nano-sized magnetite particle interaction in Ca2+ solution2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the International Summer School on Application of Scanning Probe Microscopy in Life Sciences, Soft Matter and Nanofabrication", Aalborg: River Publishers, 2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural magnetite is used for producing iron ore pellets, one of the raw materials in steel production. The quality of produced pellets depends on many factors, including the properties of the magnetite concentrate fed to pelletization. To be able to minimize the effect of the variations in feed properties on pellets quality, investigation of magnetite particle interaction with a focus on the surface properties is required. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), using the colloidal probe technique, is a suitable tool for measuring such particle-particle interaction in-situ. Natural particles are usually of micro-sizes (m-s) and have different sizes and shapes, which complicates an accurate investigation of particle interaction with AFM. To overcome such difficulties, synthetic nanoparticles are used instead. Process water chemistry is one of the factors affecting magnetite surface properties. Partial dissolution of calcite and apatite minerals, present in iron ore, results in high Ca2+ concentrations in the process water, which has been shown to have a major effect on the charge of the magnetite particles [1, 2]. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate forces and aggregation between magnetite particles, of micro- and nano-size (n-s), in Ca2+ solutions at various pH values. The spherical monodispersed magnetite nano-sized particles, with a diameter of approx. 10 nm, were synthesized by the precipitation technique [3]. Measurements were performed for m-s probe/m-s layer and m-s probe/n-s layer systems. Natural magnetite particles of 10-30 µm size were glued to NP-S cantilevers (Digital Instruments/Bruker, Santa Barbara, CA) with a measured spring constant of 0.12 N/m. Nano-sized particles were deposited on the glass slides by dip-coating. Roughness (Ra) of the n-s layers was measured with AFM and was about 10 nm for areas 1×1µm2, a representative high-resolution image is shown in Figure 1. Particle interaction was similar for m-s and n-s magnetite particles at pH 4 and 6. At pH 10, the interaction behavior was different due to probable surface modification of natural magnetite particles by ions from process water. The adhesion force for both interacting systems was measured, see ref. [4] for a detailed description of the results. To verify that ϛ-potential measurements could be used to predict the interaction between charged particles (in this case silica and magnetite) in solutions containing inorganic ions, force measurements between n-s magnetite layer and a SiO2 spherical probe (3.5 µm in diameter) were performed and correlated with the ϛ-potential results for these particles in the same solutions. Also, a DLVO simulation was performed to theoretically confirm the experimental interaction based on surface charge trends. An example of the simulated force curves is shown in Figure 2. The interaction between the probe and the magnetite surface was attractive at pH 4 and 6 but became repulsive at pH 8 and 10, which is in agreement with what could be expected from the ϛ-potential results for these particles.

  • 13.
    Dobryden, Illia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Potapova, Elisaveta
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Weber, Hans
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Almqvist, Nils
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Force interactions between magnetite, silica, and bentonite studied with atomic force microscopy2015Ingår i: Physics and chemistry of minerals, ISSN 0342-1791, E-ISSN 1432-2021, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 319-326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Iron ore pellets consist of variety of mineral particles and are an important refined product used in steel manufacturing. Production of high-quality pellets requires good understanding of interactions between different constituents, such as magnetite, gangue residues, bentonite, and additives. Much research has been reported on magnetite, silica, and bentonite surface properties and their effect on pellet strength but more scant with a focus on a fundamental particle–particle interaction. To probe such particle interaction, atomic force microscopy (AFM) using colloidal probe technique has proven to be a suitable tool. In this work, the measurements were performed between magnetite–magnetite, bentonite–magnetite, silica–bentonite, and silica–magnetite particles in 1 mM CaCl2 solution at various pH values. The interaction character, i.e., repulsion or attraction, was determined by measuring and analyzing AFM force curves. The observed quantitative changes in interaction forces were in good agreement with the measured zeta-potentials for the particles at the same experimental conditions. Particle aggregation was studied by measuring the adhesion force. Absolute values of adhesion forces for different systems could not be compared due to the difference in particle size and contact geometry. Therefore, the relative change of adhesion force between pH 6 and 10 was used for comparison. The adhesion force decreased for the magnetite–magnetite and bentonite–silica systems and slightly increased for the magnetite–bentonite system at pH 10 as compared to pH 6, whereas a pronounced decrease in adhesion force was observed in the magnetite–silica system. Thus, the presence of silica particles on the magnetite surface could have a negative impact on the interaction between magnetite and bentonite in balling due to the reduction of the adhesion force.

  • 14.
    Dobryden, Illia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Yang, Xiaofang
    Almqvist, Nils
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Weber, Hans
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    An atomic force microscopy study of the interaction between magnetite particles: the effect of Ca2 + ions and pH2013Ingår i: Powder Technology, ISSN 0032-5910, E-ISSN 1873-328X, Vol. 233, s. 116-122Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Force interactions between a microsize (m-s) magnetite probe and thin layers of synthesized magnetite particles as well as microsize (m-s) magnetite particles from magnetite concentrate were investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Of special interest was the influence of Ca2 + ions and pH on the interaction between the probe and the two different magnetite particle surfaces. The probe and the magnetite surfaces were immersed in aqueous Ca2 + solutions (100, 10, and 1 mM) at various pH values (4, 6, and 10). The colloidal probe technique and a self-made computer program for automatic evaluation of adhesion forces were used. The analysis revealed an increase in adhesion force with increased calcium concentration at pH 6 for both the systems investigated. However, the adhesion behavior between the probe and the m-s and n-s magnetite particle surfaces is different at pH 10. The possible appearance of calcium carbonate precipitated onto the magnetite surfaces as well as the possible influence of already adsorbed silicate on magnetite particles from the concentrate is discussed. In addition to Ca, Cl and Na atoms, added to the working solutions, and the Fe and O detected signals, the SEM-EDS analysis also detected Si atoms on the surface of the m-s particles.

  • 15.
    Dobryden, Illia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Yang, Xiaofang
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser.
    Almqvist, Nils
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Weber, Hans
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Interaction forces between surface modified magnetite particles in aqueous solution2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Engström, V.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Mihailova, Boriana
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Sterte, Johan
    The effect of seed size on the growth of silicalite-1 films on gold surfaces2000Ingår i: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN 1387-1811, E-ISSN 1873-3093, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 51-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Silicalite-1 films grown on gold surfaces seeded with colloidal crystals with a size of 60, 165 and 320 nm were investigated by reflection–absorption infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction in order to follow up the formation of nano-scale defects and to determine the optimal synthesis conditions for preparation of silicalite-1 films with a low concentration of defects. Using 60-nm-sized colloidal crystals, the seeding method was capable of producing silicalite-1 films with low concentrations of defects and with thicknesses ranging from 100 to 300 nm, which are predominantly oriented with the a-axis perpendicular to the surface. Hydrothermal treatment times of the 60-nm-seeded surfaces longer than 36 h as well as the seeding with 165 or 320 nm colloidal crystals substantially enhanced the formation of defects in the films.

  • 17.
    Faisal, Abrar
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Holmlund, Mattias
    Swedish University of Agriculture Sciences.
    Ginesy, Mireille
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Enman, Josefine
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Recovery of l-Arginine from Model Solutions and Fermentation Broth Using Zeolite-Y Adsorbent2019Ingår i: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, ISSN 2168-0485, Vol. 7, nr 9, s. 8900-8907Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Arginine was produced via fermentation of sugars using the engineered microorganism Escherichia coli. Zeolite-Y adsorbents in the form of powder and extrudates were used to recover arginine from both a real fermentation broth and aqueous model solutions. An adsorption isotherm was determined using model solutions and zeolite-Y powder. The saturation loading was determined to be 0.2 g/g using the Sips model. Arginine adsorbed from a real fermentation broth using either zeolite-Y powder or extrudates both showed a maximum loading of 0.15 g/g at pH 11. This adsorbed loading is very close to the corresponding value obtained from the model solution showing that under the experimental conditions the presence of additional components in the broth did not have a significant effect on the adsorption of arginine. Furthermore, a breakthrough curve was determined for extrudates using a 1 wt % arginine model solution. The selectivity for arginine over ammonia and alanine from the real fermentation broth at pH 11 was 1.9 and 8.3, respectively, for powder, and 1.0, and 4.1, respectively, for extrudates. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time recovery of arginine from real fermentation broths using any type of adsorbent has been reported.

  • 18.
    Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    DeJaco, Robert F.
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Theory Center, University of Minnesota , Minneapolis.
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Siepmann, J. Ilja
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Theory Center, University of Minnesota , Minneapolis.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Comparative Study of the Effect of Defects on Selective Adsorption of Butanol from Butanol/Water Binary Vapor Mixtures in Silicalite-1 Films2017Ingår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 33, nr 34, s. 8420-8427Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A promising route for sustainable 1-butanol (butanol) production is ABE (acetone, butanol, ethanol) fermentation. However, recovery of the products is challenging because of the low concentrations obtained in the aqueous solution, thus hampering large-scale production of biobutanol. Membrane and adsorbent-based technologies using hydrophobic zeolites are interesting alternatives to traditional separation techniques (e.g., distillation) for energy-efficient separation of butanol from aqueous mixtures. To maximize the butanol over water selectivity of the material, it is important to reduce the number of hydrophilic adsorption sites. This can, for instance, be achieved by reducing the density of lattice defect sites where polar silanol groups are found. The density of silanol defects can be reduced by preparing the zeolite at neutral pH instead of using traditional synthesis solutions with high pH. In this work, binary adsorption of butanol and water in two silicalite-1 films was studied using in situ attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy under equal experimental conditions. One of the films was prepared in fluoride medium, whereas the other one was prepared at high pH using traditional synthesis conditions. The amounts of water and butanol adsorbed from binary vapor mixtures of varying composition were determined at 35 and 50 °C, and the corresponding adsorption selectivities were also obtained. Both samples showed very high selectivities (100-23 000) toward butanol under the conditions studied. The sample having low density of defects, in general, showed ca. a factor 10 times higher butanol selectivity than the sample having a higher density of defects at the same experimental conditions. This difference was due to a much lower adsorption of water in the sample with low density of internal defects. Analysis of molecular simulation trajectories provides insights on the local selectivities in the zeolite channel network and at the film surface.

  • 19.
    Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Zhou, Ming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Adsorption of Butanol and Water Vapors in Silicalite‑1 Films with a Low Defect Density2016Ingår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 32, s. 11789-11798Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Pure silica zeolites are potentially hydrophobic and have therefore been considered to be interesting candidates for separating alcohols, e.g., 1-butanol, from water. Zeolites are traditionally synthesized at high pH, leading to the formation of intracrystalline defects in the form of silanol defects in the framework. These silanol groups introduce polar adsorption sites into the framework, potentially reducing the adsorption selectivity toward alcohols in alcohol/water mixtures. In contrast, zeolites prepared at neutral pH using the fluoride route contain significantly fewer defects. Such crystals should show a much higher butanol/water selectivity than crystals prepared in traditional hydroxide (OH−) media. Moreover, silanol groups are present at the external surface of the zeolite crystals; therefore, minimizing the external surface of the studied adsorbent is important. In this work, we determine adsorption isotherms of 1-butanol and water in silicalite-1 films prepared in a fluoride (F−) medium using in situ attenuated total reflectance−Fourier transform infrared (ATR−FTIR) spectroscopy. This film was composed of well intergrown, plate-shaped b-oriented crystals, resulting in a low external area. Single-component adsorption isotherms of 1-butanol and water were determined in the temperature range of 35− 80 °C. The 1-butanol isotherms were typical for an adsorbate showing a high affinity for a microporous material and a large increase in the amount adsorbed at low partial pressures of 1-butanol. The Langmuir−Freundlich model was successfully fitted to the 1-butanol isotherms, and the heat of adsorption was determined. Water showed a very low affinity for the adsorbent, and the amounts adsorbed were very similar to previous reports for large silicalite-1 crystals prepared in a fluoride medium. The sample also adsorbed much less water than did a reference silicalite-1(OH−) film containing a high density of internal defects.The results show that silicalite-1 films prepared in a F− medium with a low density of defects and external area are very promising for the selective recovery of 1-butanol from aqueous solutions.

  • 20.
    Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Zhou, Ming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Potapova, Elisaveta
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Adsorption of Water and Butanol in Silicalite-1 Film Studied with in-situ ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy2015Ingår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 31, nr 17, s. 4887-4894Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bio-butanol produced by e.g. acetone–butanol–ethanol (ABE) fermentation is a promising alternative to petroleum-based chemicals as e.g. solvent and fuel. Recovery of butanol from dilute fermentation broths by hydrophobic membranes and adsorbents has been identified as a promising route. In this work, the adsorption of water and butanol vapor in a silicalite-1 film was studied using in-situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy in order to better understand the adsorption properties of silicalite-1 membranes and adsorbents. Single component adsorption isotherms were determined in the temperature range of 35-120°C and the Langmuir model was successfully fitted to the experimental data. The adsorption of butanol is very favorable compared to that of water. When the silicalite-1 film was exposed to a butanol/water vapor mixture with 15 mol% of butanol (which is the vapor composition of an aqueous solution containing 2 wt% of butanol, a typical concentration in an ABE fermentation broth, i.e. the composition of the gas obtained from gas stripping of an ABE broth) at 35 °C, the adsorption selectivity towards butanol was as high as 107. These results confirm that silicalite-1 quite selectively adsorbs hydrocarbons from vapor mixtures.

  • 21.
    Fatima, Nowshir
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Marklund, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Mathew, Aji P.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Larsson, Roland
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Degradation mechanism of water contaminated automatic transmission fluid (ATF) in wet clutch system2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Fatima, Nowshir
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Marklund, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Larsson, Roland
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Degradation Mechanism of Automatic Transmission Fluid by Water as a Contaminant2015Ingår i: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part J, journal of engineering tribology, ISSN 1350-6501, E-ISSN 2041-305X, Vol. 229, nr 1, s. 74-85Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The degradation mechanism of water contaminated Automatic Transmission Fluids (ATF) was experimentally investigated. Water contaminated ATF was tribotested in a full-scale wet clutch test rig to monitor the friction durability during clutch ageing, and was also statically aged in oven to evaluate the interaction of ATF with water. The bulk properties and chemical nature of the ATF were analysed using viscosity measurements, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). It was shown that water presence in the ATF can increase the mean friction coefficient over a short time period, though in the long term perspective there is a higher loss of mean friction. Phase separation of the water-in-oil emulsion by centrifugation at 20000 rpm made it possible to examine the water phase using infrared 2spectroscopy. The spectroscopic analysis revealed the hydrophilic nature of certain ATF constituents, although the impact of water on the bulk properties like lubricant viscosity and thermal stability was insignificant. The analysis of the tribotests showed that the friction increase for water contamination was a short-term effect and likely due to the interaction between polar surface active additives and water. Even though no significant change has been found for thermal degradation or in bulk properties of the lubricant, the initially changed action of the water soluble additives and generation of high friction resulted in a total deterioration of the clutch performance during long term use.

  • 23. Fatima, Nowshir
    et al.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Marklund, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Berglund, Kim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Larsson, Roland
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Influence of water on the tribological properties of zinc dialkyl-dithiophosphate and over-based calcium sulfonate additives in wet clutch contacts2015Ingår i: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 87, s. 113-120Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Usually the wet clutch lubricant properties vary with different formulations of base oil types and additives. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effect of water on the performance of additives in ATF. Simplified lubricants, ZDDP and over-based Ca-sulfonates detergent additives in an API Group I mineral base oil, were employed to compare with the commercial fully-formulated automatic transmission fluid (DEXRON®VI) during water-contamination. A full-scale wet clutch test rig was used to evaluate the frictional response due to water contamination of the lubricants. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy was utilized to evaluate the variation in the solubility of these polar organic additives in the water phase and Karl-Fischer titration was utilized to evaluate the post-test water content for different formulations.

  • 24.
    Fatima, Nowshir
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Marklund, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Larsson, Roland
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Adsorption of ATF additives on wet clutch friction interfaces under water contaminated lubricant conditions2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Stable friction and positive slope of friction-speed is the typical criterion for a good clutch performance. Lubricated friction interfaces used for wet clutches produces different friction behavior depending on the lubricant conditions. Usually the lubricant conditions vary for different automatic transmission fluid (ATF) formulations implying e.g. water contamination and these conditions might influence the deterioration of the clutch plates. The aim of this paper is to verify additive adsorption on friction interfaces and ageing of the friction material in wet clutch system for a water contaminated commercial ATF (DEXRON® VI). Standard clutch plates are employed in an automated wet clutch test rig to evaluate the friction characteristics of the tested lubricant. For controlled test conditions (speed, contact pressure, oil temperature) and specific number of test cycles, the mean friction coefficient and the friction vs. speed relations are monitored during sliding test. The resultant tribofilms on the tested friction interface surfaces are characterized by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM- EDS), Attenuated Total Reflectance -Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS analysis). The spectroscopic techniques were used to analyse adsorbed additives on friction interfaces and made it possible to correlate measured data to the specific friction behavior obtained after water contamination of the ATF.

  • 25.
    Fatima, Nowshir
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Marklund, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Larsson, Roland
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Adsorption of ATF additives on wet clutch friction interfaces under water contaminated lubricant conditions2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Stable friction and positive slope of friction-speed is the typical criterion for a good clutch performance. Lubricated friction interfaces used for wet clutches produces different friction behavior depending on the lubricant conditions. Usually the lubricant conditions vary for different automatic transmission fluid (ATF) formulations implying e.g. water contamination and these conditions might influence the deterioration of the clutch plates. The aim of this paper is to verify additive adsorption on friction interfaces and ageing of the friction material in wet clutch system for a water contaminated commercial ATF (DEXRON® VI). Standard clutch plates are employed in an automated wet clutch test rig to evaluate the friction characteristics of the tested lubricant. For controlled test conditions (speed, contact pressure, oil temperature) and specific number of test cycles, the mean friction coefficient and the friction vs. speed relations are monitored during sliding test. The resultant tribofilms on the tested friction interface surfaces are characterized by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM- EDS), Attenuated Total Reflectance -Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS analysis). The spectroscopic techniques were used to analyse adsorbed additives on friction interfaces and made it possible to correlate measured data to the specific friction behavior obtained after water contamination of the ATF.

  • 26. Fatima, Nowshir
    et al.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Marklund, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Larsson, Roland
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Maskinelement.
    Surface chemistry of wet clutch influenced by water contamination in automatic transmission fluids2016Ingår i: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 96, s. 395-401Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lubricated friction interfaces used for wet clutches produces different friction behaviour depending on the lubricant conditions. Usually the lubricant conditions vary for water contamination in automatic transmission fluid (ATF). The presence of water retards the ATF performance by increasing the friction and can influence the deterioration of the clutch plates. Water as a polar contaminant can change the absorbability of the surface active additives, which might cause the characteristic friction behaviour. The aim of this paper is to verify the surface chemistry of tribotested standard friction interfaces lubricated with water contaminated commercial ATF (DEXRON® VI). The evidences of the influence of water on ATF performances were shown by surface analyses

  • 27. Forsling, Willis
    et al.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Betydelsen av grundläggande forskning för mineraltekniska processer2006Ingår i: Konferens i mineralteknik / [ed] Marianne Thomaeus; Eric Forssberg, Föreningen Mineralteknisk Forskning / Swedish Mineral Processing Research Association , 2006Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28. Fredriksson, Andreas
    et al.
    Hellström, Pär
    Öberg, Sven
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Comparison between in situ total internal reflection vibrational spectroscopy of an adsorbed collector and spectra calculated by ab initio density functional theory methods2007Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 111, nr 26, s. 9299-9304Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this investigation, adsorbed heptyl xanthate on a Ge(111) surface was studied, as well as the free heptyl xanthate molecule, by means of first-principle density functional theory calculations. The modeled results were compared with the in situ total internal reflection vibrational spectroscopy spectra of heptyl xanthate adsorbed on a germanium internal reflection element and the transmission infrared spectrum of a heptyl xanthate ion in aqueous solution. The assignments of the vibrational frequencies were done for the adsorbed xanthate. The region between 1150 and 1000 cm(-1) seems suitable for discussing differences between an adsorbed xanthate and its corresponding ion. The modeled spectra for both the adsorbed xanthate and the xanthate ion are in good agreement with the experimentally retrieved spectra. This investigation shows the strength of using DFT calculations in the interpretation of absorption bands from molecules adsorbed at surfaces in situ.

  • 29. Fredriksson, Andreas
    et al.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    An in situ ATR-FTIR investigation of adsorption and orientation of heptyl xanthate at the lead sulphide/aqueous solution interface2007Ingår i: Proceedings of Flotation 07: Cape Town, South Africa, Nov. 6-9, 2007 / [ed] Barry Wills, Minerals Engineering International , 2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 30. Fredriksson, Andreas
    et al.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    An in situ ATR-FTIR investigation of adsorption and orientation of heptyl xanthate at the lead sulphide/aqueous solution interface2008Ingår i: Minerals Engineering, ISSN 0892-6875, E-ISSN 1872-9444, Vol. 21, nr 12-14, s. 1000-1004Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A lead sulphide film precipitated on a zinc sulphide layer of an ATR crystal has been used to study in situ surface reactions of heptyl xanthate adsorption. The lead sulphide film was made by the chemical bath deposition method and was analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. In turn deposited layers make it possible to study the PbS/aqueous solution interface in situ and open up interesting areas for attenuated total reflection spectroscopy. Monitoring the adsorption of heptyl xanthate from a 0.1 mM aqueous solution using the vibration band at 1200 cm-1 has shown the existence of adsorbed molecules on the lead sulphide surface as well as precipitated lead xanthate on the surface at bulk concentrations higher than 1 mM. At lower concentrations, the adsorbed species are dominant as is the precipitate at higher concentrations. The rate of adsorption is in accordance with pseudo first-order kinetics with a rate constant of 0.21 s-1. The Dichroic ratio for heptyl xanthate adsorbed on PbS indicates the hydrocarbon chain of the heptyl xanthate to be preferentially orientated perpendicular to the surface normal of the internal reflection element.

  • 31. Fredriksson, Andreas
    et al.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    An in situ ATR-FTIR study of the adsorption kinetics of xanthate on germanium2007Ingår i: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 302, nr 1-3, s. 96-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The in situ adsorption of n-heptyl xanthate on a germanium multiple internal reflection element was studied at constant ionic strength and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used in the investigation of the germanium surface. The kinetics of heptyl xanthate adsorption was evaluated using the integrated absorbance of a sub-band under the vibration at 1200 cm−1. This vibration was assigned to the adsorbed xanthate molecule. It was shown that the adsorption of heptyl xanthate can be represented by a pseudo-first-order rate law and a monodentate binding of the xanthate to the germanium surface is proposed. During the adsorption of xanthate, the dimeric form of xanthate was simultaneously formed.

  • 32. Fredriksson, Andreas
    et al.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Forsling, Willis
    Kinetics of collector adsorption on mineral surfaces2005Ingår i: Centenary of flotation symposium / [ed] Graeme J. Jameson, The Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy , 2005, s. 433-437Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study infrared attenuated total reflection (IR-ATR) was used to monitor the rate of in situ adsorption of heptyl xanthate on a layer of zinc sulfide synthesised on a germanium ATR crystal. The zinc sulfide surface was characterised using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The absorbance of heptyl xanthate measured increased with increasing bulk concentration of the adsorbate up to an equilibrium plateau value corresponding to a fractional coverage of the surface sites of the substrate. For the adsorption from solutions of concentrations between 10-3 and 10-5 M, the rate of adsorption increased with increasing bulk concentration. At higher concentrations the measured absorbance should be corrected for the absorbance due to the concentration of xanthate in bulk solution. The present work provides a discussion of this correction. Assuming the adsorption stage to be rate-controlling and proportional both to the concentration of the adsorbing species in solution and unreacted surface area, a rate law governing this type of transient adsorption kinetics was derived. By means of absorbance data for the concentrations 0.1 and 0.01 mM, die rate constant of adsorption was calculated. From the initial part of a Langmuir adsorption isotherm, the absorbance at monolayer coverage and the equilibrium constant of adsorption could be estimated.

  • 33. Fredriksson, Andreas
    et al.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Forsling, Willis
    Kinetics of collector adsorption on mineral surfaces2006Ingår i: Minerals Engineering, ISSN 0892-6875, E-ISSN 1872-9444, Vol. 19, nr 6-8, s. 784-789Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study infrared attenuated total reflection (IR-ATR) was used to monitor the rate of in situ adsorption of heptyl xanthate on a layer of zinc sulphide synthesized on a germanium ATR crystal. The zinc sulphide surface was characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The absorbance of heptyl xanthate measured increased with increasing bulk concentration of the adsorbate up to an equilibrium plateau value corresponding to a fractional coverage of the surface sites of the substrate. For the adsorption from solutions of concentrations between 10−3 and 10−5 M, the rate of adsorption increased with increasing bulk concentration. At higher concentrations the measured absorbance should be corrected for the absorbance due to the concentration of xanthate in bulk solution. The present work provides a discussion of this correction. Assuming the adsorption stage to be rate-controlling and proportional both to the concentration of the adsorbing species in solution and unreacted surface area, a rate law governing this type of transient adsorption kinetics was derived. By means of absorbance data for the concentrations 0.1 and 0.01 mM, the rate constant of adsorption was calculated. From the initial part of a Langmuir adsorption isotherm, the absorbance at monolayer coverage and the equilibrium constant of adsorption could be estimated.

  • 34. Fredriksson, Andreas
    et al.
    Lidström-Larsson, Margareta
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Kinetics of xanthate adsorption on metal sulphides2004Ingår i: Konferens i mineralteknik / [ed] Marianne Thomaeus; Eric Forssberg, Föreningen Mineralteknisk Forskning / Swedish Mineral Processing Research Association , 2004Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35. Fredriksson, Andreas
    et al.
    Lidström-Larsson, Margareta
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    n-Heptyl xanthate adsorption on a ZnS layer synthesized on germanium: an in situ attenuated total reflection IR study2005Ingår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 286, nr 1, s. 1-6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Adsorption of n-heptyl xanthate on synthesized zinc sulfide was followed in situ by monitoring the methylene absorption band at 2925 cm-1. The zinc sulfide surface used in the adsorption experiments was synthesized on a germanium internal reflection element using the chemical bath deposition method. Characterization of the adsorbent surface was performed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The time needed to reach adsorption equilibrium varied with the initial concentration of the aqueous potassium heptyl xanthate solution. The amount of adsorbed xanthate ions increased with the concentration of the solution within the range studied (10 μM-50 mM). The experimental data are reasonably well described by the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Polarized infrared attenuated total reflection (ATR) was used to determine the average orientation of the heptyl chains by measuring the absorbance of the infrared beam polarized perpendicularly and parallely to the plane of incidence. Measured absorbances were corrected for contribution from heptyl xanthate in bulk solution.

  • 36.
    Frost, Ray L.
    et al.
    Queensland University of Technology.
    Forsling, Willis
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Kloprogge, Theo
    Queensland University of Technology.
    Kristof, Janos
    University of Veszprem.
    Raman spectroscopy at temperatures between 298 and 423 K and at 77 K of kaolinites intercalated with formamide1998Ingår i: Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, ISSN 0377-0486, E-ISSN 1097-4555, Vol. 29, nr 12, s. 1065-1069Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Raman spectra of kaolinite and of the formamide-intercalated kaolinite were obtained at both 298 and 77 K using a Raman microprobe equipped with a thermal stage. Upon cooling to 77 K, the band attributed to the inner hydroxyl shifts by 5 cm-1 to lower wavenumbers and the bands assigned to the inner surface hydroxyls move to higher wavenumbers. Upon intercalation of the kaolinite with formamide, an additional Raman band attributed to the formation of a hydrogen-bonded complex between the inner surface hydroxyls and the carbonyl group of the formamide is observed at 3627 cm-1 at 298 K and at 3631 cm-1 at 77 K. Raman spectra of the deintercalation of the formamide-intercalated kaolinite are obtained by using the thermal stage to heat the intercalated kaolinite in situ. A decrease in intensity of the bands formed through intercalation and at the same time an increase in intensity of the inner surface hydroxyl bands are observed. A loss of intensity of the low-wavenumber region of the formamide-intercalated kaolinite is also observed.

  • 37. Grahn, Mattias
    et al.
    Agarwal, Shilpa
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    In-situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy of structured zeolite H-ZSM-5 catalysts2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 38.
    Grahn, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Higman, Christopher
    HigmanConsulting GmbH.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik. ZeoMemSweden AB.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik. ZeoMemSweden AB.
    Efficient syngas upgrading with high flux zeolite membranes2017Ingår i: 34th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference: Coal - Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, PCC 2017, International Pittsburgh Coal Conference , 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 39.
    Grahn, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Adsorption of n-hexane and p-xylene in thin silicalite-1 films studied by FTIR/ATR spectroscopy2008Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 112, nr 20, s. 7717-7724Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Adsorption isotherms for p-xylene and n-hexane in silicalite-1 films with a thickness of 200 nm were determined at 323, 343, 368, 393, and 423 K using Fourier transform infrared/attenuated total reflection (FTIR/ATR) spectroscopy. For both adsorbates, the low-pressure data agreed with literature data for MFI powder and the estimated Henry's constant and adsorption enthalpy were close to previously reported results. The upper region of the n-hexane isotherm (p > 2 kPa at 323 K) was likely influenced by micropores in open grain boundaries, as expected for a polycrystalline film of small (<200 nm) crystals. As for n-hexane, the first part (0 ≤ p ≤ 65 Pa at 323 K) of the p-xylene isotherm agreed with data for powder. However, the saturation capacity was only about half of that previously reported for powders, which indicates that p-xylene molecules do not adsorb in the sinusoidal channels in the film. We speculate that the small crystals used in the present work may behave differently from the larger crystals in previous works. Another explanation for the lower saturation capacity may be the bonding of crystals to the supports, which are known to induce strain in the attached crystals.

  • 40.
    Grahn, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Lobanova, Antonia
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    A novel experimental technique for estimation of molecular orientation in zeolite2007Ingår i: Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, ISSN 0167-2991, Vol. 170, s. 724-731Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    FTIR spectroscopy in combination with polarized light and an ATR probe coated with a b-oriented ZSM-5 film was for the first time used to determine the orientation of adsorbed molecules in the ZSM-5 structure. Two adsorbates were studied, n-hexane and p-xylene and the results agreed with previously reported results obtained by other experimental techniques.

  • 41.
    Grahn, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Lobanova, Antonina
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Orientational analysis of adsorbates in molecular sieves by FTIR/ATR spectroscopy2008Ingår i: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 20, nr 19, s. 6270-6276Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ZnS ATR elements were coated with well-defined b-oriented ZSM-5 films by in situ growth. Both adsorption isotherms, as well as molecular orientation of p-xylene adsorbed in the films, were measured at 323 and 373 K by FTIR/ATR spectroscopy. The observed isotherms for the b-oriented ZSM-5 films in the present work were very similar to previously reported isotherms of supported MFI films, albeit the crystals in the latter films were aluminum free (silicalite-1) and orientated differently relative to the support surface than the crystals in the films studied in the present work. The novel technique facilitated, for the first time, the examination of how the tilt angle varies with loading and temperature. The data obtained in the present work showed that the p-xylene molecules were mainly oriented with their long axis parallel to the b-direction of the MFI crystals in concert with previously reported results based on FTIR microscopy, Monte Carlo simulations, NMR, and XRD data. At high concentrations, the tilt angle was in good agreement with observations by FTIR microscopy. It was also found that the orientation of the molecules changed with loading, this might be due to different adsorption geometries in the channel intersection as reported previously. The observed tilt angles may also be influenced from competitive adsorption on silanol groups, as was also indicated in the spectra. The results also indicate that the adsorption properties of zeolite films and powders may differ. Hence, adsorption parameters determined for zeolite powders may not necessarily be applicable to films.

  • 42.
    Grahn, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Wang, Zheng
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Lidström-Larsson, Margareta
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Sterte, Johan
    Silicalite-1 coated ATR elements as sensitive chemical sensor probes2005Ingår i: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN 1387-1811, E-ISSN 1873-3093, Vol. 81, nr 1-3, s. 357-363Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel sensitive chemical sensor probe has been fabricated. The sensor principle is based on silicalite-1 coated ATR (attenuated total reflection) elements and FTIR spectroscopy. The microporous silicalite-1 film enriches the analyte to the probe surface, thus increasing the sensitivity. At a relative pressure of n-hexane in helium of 6 × 10−5 the sensitivity of the probe is approximately 85 times higher for the silicalite-1 coated element compared to a 10 cm transmission gas cell and ca. 180 times higher compared to an uncoated element. The performance of the probe is illustrated by determination of an adsorption isotherm for n-hexane in silicalite-1.

  • 43.
    Grubbström, Göran
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Oksman, Kristiina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Materialvetenskap.
    Silane-crosslinking of recycled low-density polyethylene/wood composites2010Ingår i: Composites. Part A, Applied science and manufacturing, ISSN 1359-835X, E-ISSN 1878-5840, Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 678-683Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work was to study silane-crosslinking of recycled low-density polyethylene wood composites and its effect on composites properties. The composites were produced in a one-step twin-screw extrusion process and the silane-peroxide solution was pumped into the extruder. Degree of crosslinking, mechanical properties, short-term creep, fractured surfaces and nature of crosslinking were studied to understand the relationship between composite structure and properties. The results showed that crosslinked composite strength, toughness and creep resistance were improved compared to uncrosslinked composites. The flexural strength was doubled compared to uncrosslinked samples and the creep strain was reduced. The crosslinked composites stored under room conditions showed the highest strength, whereas storage in a sauna resulted in a higher degree of crosslinking. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicated formation of silane-bridges between wood and polyethylene, accordingly improving the interfacial adhesion between the wood and LDPE. The low concentration of peroxide in the silane-solution was shown to be a preferred composition to limit unintentional crosslinking during the process.

  • 44.
    Gunneriusson, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Sandström, Åke
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Kuzmann, Ernő
    Laboratory of Nuclear Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Eötvös Loránd University.
    Kovacs, Krisztina
    Laboratory of Nuclear Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Eötvös Loránd University.
    Vertes, Attila
    Laboratory of Nuclear Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Eötvös Loránd University.
    Jarosite inclusion of fluoride and its potential significance to bioleaching of sulphide minerals2009Ingår i: Hydrometallurgy, ISSN 0304-386X, E-ISSN 1879-1158, Vol. 96, nr 1-2, s. 108-116Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Incorporation of fluoride ions into the structure of jarosite, a common precipitate in bioleaching, was studied. Crystalline jarosite was synthesized in the presence of various concentrations of fluoride ions and characterized by spectroscopic- and chemical analysis.The results showed that substantial amounts of fluoride were sorbed to jarosite, increasing with pH and fluoride concentration. FTIR, XRD and Mössbauer analysis supported a structural incorporation of the fluoride. Due to the size similarity between fluoride and hydroxide ions, a probable mechanism is an exchange of hydroxide ions and fluoride ions within the jarosite, giving the composition KFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 - xFx(s). For the maximum concentration of fluoride used during synthesis, 200 mM, about 25% of the hydroxide ions were exchanged for fluoride ions. The mass of jarosite precipitated shown to be highly dependent on the fluoride concentration, with approximately half the yield using 200 mM potassium fluoride compared to in the absence of fluoride ions.To test the influence on toxicity of the incorporation of fluoride in jarosite, a bioleaching study was performed at 65 °C. A suspension of pyrite concentrate with 4% solid content (w/v) in the modified 9 K medium was bioleached under additions of potassium fluoride. The results indicated a higher tolerance for fluoride ions, as compared to earlier reported studies on fluoride toxicity during bioleaching.

  • 45.
    Gärd, Rune
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Forsling, Willis
    Spectroscopic Studies of Dextrin Adsorption onto Colloidal ZnS1997Ingår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 194, nr 2, s. 319-325Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The interaction of dextrin with colloidal ZnS has been investigated through adsorption studies and FT-IR spectroscopy in the 4000-400 cm-1range. The adsorption capacity is estimated to be around 1 mg/m2. Maximum adsorption is found to be constant below pH ≈7 and to increase with pH at least up to pH 11. Eighty percent of maximum adsorption is achieved within 3 min after addition of the dextrin. Based upon FT-IR studies and titration data, an adsorption mechanism is proposed.

  • 46. Hellström, Pär
    et al.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Öberg, Sven
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    An ab initio study of ethyl xanthate adsorbed on Ge(111) surfaces2007Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 111, nr 45, s. 16920-16926Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The interaction between adsorbed ethyl xanthate on a clean Ge(111) surface and a hydroxylated surface was studied, using first-principle density functional theory. Geometrically optimized structures are presented and discussed. Results suggest a bidentate bridging conformation on a clean Ge(111) surface, whereas a monodentate bonding is preferred when the surface is saturated by hydrogen atoms. Then the interaction with a hydroxylated surface was considered. The lowest energy configuration was obtained when xanthate binds with one sulfur to the surface and with the other to an OH group adsorbed on the surface. A marker for this configuration was found in the vibrational spectra at 3200 cm-1. Vibrational frequencies down to 250 cm-1 were calculated and assigned to vibrational modes and presented together with the calculated infrared spectra. The tilt angle of the hydrocarbon chain was also investigated.

  • 47. Hellström, Pär
    et al.
    Öberg, Sven
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Fredriksson, Andreas
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    A theoretical and experimental study of vibrational properties of alkyl xanthates2006Ingår i: Spectrochimica Acta Part A - Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, ISSN 1386-1425, E-ISSN 1873-3557, Vol. 65, nr 3-4, s. 887-895Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Geometrical structure and vibrational modes of potassium and sodium ethyl/heptyl xanthates were studied, using both theoretical and experimental methods. Both Hartree-Fock and density functional theory were used. The experimental method used was infrared absorption spectroscopy (FTIR). Our work showed that vibrational frequencies calculated with density functional theory, using the local density approximation, are in very good agreement with experiments. The results were not improved by using the more sophisticated and computationally demanding B3LYP functional.

  • 48.
    Holmgren, Allan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Bergström, B.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology.
    Gref, R.
    Ericsson, A.
    Detection of pinosylvins in solid wood of Scots pine using Fourier transform Raman and infrared spectroscopy1999Ingår i: Journal of wood chemistry and technology, ISSN 0277-3813, E-ISSN 1532-2319, Vol. 19, nr 1-2, s. 139-150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared (DRIFT) and near infrared (NIR) FT-Raman spectroscopy were used to detect pinosylvins in the wood of Pinus sylvestris L. trees. NIR FT-Raman spectroscopy offered the possibility of revealing pinosylvins simply by visual inspection of Raman spectra whereas DRIFT spectra needed a more complicated evaluation. Pinosylvin and resin acids from Scots pine were examined as to the possibility of their being the cause of observed spectral differences between sapwood and heartwood. Since pinosylvins are important compounds for the decay resistance of Scots pine wood, the detection of pinosylvins with Raman spectroscopy might be used to assess durability of wood products.

  • 49.
    Holmgren, Allan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Forsling, Willis
    A prestudy of the recycling properties of aircraft de-/anti-icing fluids1995Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 50.
    Holmgren, Allan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Forsling, Willis
    Polubotko, A. M.
    Russian Adademy of Sciences.
    SER spectra analysis of molecules with D-3h and D-6h symmetry groups1998Ingår i: Pure and Applied Optics, ISSN 0963-9659, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 115-117Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of the theory of SER spectra, proposed in a previous paper, the SER spectra of 1,3,5-trifluorobenzene, 1,3,5-trideuteriobenzene, benzene and hexafluorobenzene are analysed. It is demonstrated that the bands, caused by the totally symmetric modes and by the mode transforming as the d(z) moment experience large enhancement. The existence of a large number of forbidden bands in the SER spectra is pointed out. Some anomalies in the enhanced spectra are explained by qualitative ideas and by the 'interference phenomenon' of various contributions. It is pointed out that all the observed lines and regularities of the SER spectra can be explained within the framework of the quadrupole and dipole electrodynamical mechanism of the enhancement.

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