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  • 1.
    Arnehed, Sebastian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Underlag till trafikstrategi för Kiruna kommun: för hållbart resande, stadsomvandling och kallt klimat2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Aktuellt dokument är ett första steg i att formulera och ta fram en uppdragsbeskrivning gällande en trafikstrategi för Kiruna kommun. Dokumentet beskriver de huvudsakliga delarna för såväl processen med att utarbeta en trafikstrategi som det faktiska innehållet. Kiruna kommun har hittills inte varit delaktiga i denna del av processen, men är formellt ansvariga i ett fortsatt arbete.

  • 2.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Winter climate and non motorised travel modes – a case study in Kiruna Sweden: Results from a travel survey in North of Sweden2011In: Resilience in urban design: conference proceedings : 4th International Urban Design Conference 21st to 23rd September 2011, Nerang: AST Management , 2011, p. 259-265Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Maria, Öberg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Awareness of TEN-T corridors and need of complementary governance/cooperation: Preliminary findings from stakeholder interviews2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Maria, Öberg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Does the TEN-T development meet the users demand?2017In: TENTacle Newsletter, no 1, p. 1-2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Maria, Öberg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Main content of Governance structure for transport corridors2017Other (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Markstedt, Anders
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad.
    Ericsson, Lars O
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad.
    Norrman, Jenny
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.
    Volchko, Yevheniya
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.
    Öberg, Maria
    Trafikverket.
    Undermarken måste utnyttjas mer effektivt: Planering på djupet2019In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no Augusti, fredag 2, p. 5-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Volchko, Yevheniya
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Norrman, Jenny
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Lars O.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Markstedt, Anders
    WSP, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Mossmark, Fredrik
    Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU), Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bobylev, Nikolai
    Saint Petersburg State University, Institute of Earth Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
    Tengborg, Per
    Rock Engineering Research Foundation (BeFo), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Subsurface planning: Towards a common understanding of the subsurface as a multifunctional resource2020In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 90, article id 104316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to powerful trends in technology, resource and land supply and demand, socioeconomics and geopolitics, cities are likely to increase use of the subsurface in the near future. Indeed, the subsurface and its appropriate use have been put forward as being of crucial importance if we are to achieve resilient and sustainable cities. In recent years, quite apart from being seen primarily as a construction basis to provide physical space for infrastructure and to create a better surface living environment, the subsurface has been recognised as a multifunctional natural resource, one which provides physical space, water, energy, materials, habitats for ecosystems, support for surface life, and a repository for cultural heritage and geological archives. Currently, the subsurface is often utilised according to the “first-come-first-served” principle, which hinders possibilities to take strategic decisions on prioritisation and optimisation of competing subsurface uses, as well as fair inter- and intragenerational distribution of limited natural resources. Taking a broad international perspective, this paper investigates the subsurface as a multifunctional resource from five focal points: (1) what professionals with different backgrounds mean when using different terms related to the subsurface; (2) how professionals describe the subsurface and its multiple resources, functions and services; (3) how planning of subsurface use is supported in policy and regulations; (4) how the subsurface is included in the planning process; and (5) frameworks that can support decision-making on responsible use of the subsurface. The study reveals that the subsurface must be recognised (not only by scientists but also by decision- and policy-makers and other stakeholders) as a precious and multifunctional resource requiring careful planning and sensitive management in accordance with its potential and its value to society. Utilisation of the different subsurface functions to yield services requires careful planning and a framework to support decision-makers in achieving a balance between utilisation and preservation, and between the subsurface functions themselves in the case of outright utilisation. Further, to facilitate the necessary change towards transdisciplinary work settings in the planning process and form a platform for knowledge exchange and capacity building, there is an urgent need for a common language, i.e. mutually understandable terminology, and a common understanding, i.e. an all-inclusive view on the subsurface as a complex multifunctional resource.

  • 8.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Acitivity 3.6 Measuring of Green Corridor Performance samt BGLC - Acitivity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Lägesbeskrivning för arbetet i WP 6.1 Corridor structure enabler, samt WP 3.6 Measuring of Green Corridor performance. LTU är aktivitetesledare för dessa aktiviteter i projektet. LTU är projektpartner.

  • 9.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Acitivity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Lägesrapport för arbetet i projektet Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor, aktivitet WP6.1 där LTU är aktivitetsledare. LTU är projektpartner.

  • 10.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Acitivity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskrivning av upplägg för arbetet i projektet Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor, aktivitet WP6.1 där LTU är aktivitetsledare. LTU är projektpartner

  • 11.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Acitivity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Information om arbetsresultat så här långt i WP 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management, Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor project, inför diskussion på workshop.

  • 12.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC – Activity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management, samt BGLC – Activity 3.6 Measuring of Green Corridor Performance2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kort beskrivning av aktuella resultat i WP 6.1 respektive WP 3.6 i Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor project. LTU är aktivitetsledare för dessa. LTU är projektpartner.

  • 13.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Corridor structure enabler management2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskrivning av arbetet i WP 6.1. Corridor structure enabler management, i Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor project, samt förslag till rekommendation för corridor management för Botniska korridoren. Rekommendationen utgjorde underlag för fokusgrupper på workshopen. LTU är aktivitetsledare för WP 6.1. LTU är projektpartner.

  • 14.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: Bothnian Green Logistic Transport Corridor Activity 6.12013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion vid Workshop, arrangerad av LTU, VTT, CLOSER och Region Örebro, inom projektet BGLC.

  • 15.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: Experiences from cooperation between regional authorities and EU programmes: Former and current project initiatives stimulating regional industrial development2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: How to create a transnational transport corridor management – structural and procedural public and private cooperation2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: LTU Luleå University of Technology – research partner in BGLC, WP62011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Partner meeting for the Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor project (start-up phase)

  • 18.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: Research of governance for sustainable transport corridors2015Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskrivning av mitt forskningsområde vid Corridor Forum för Scandinavian-Mediterranean transport corridor, som är en av de utpekade mest strategiska transportkorridorerna i EU. Se EU regulation 1316/2013.

  • 19.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: ACE Green: Arctic-Central Europe Green Transport Corridor2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Botniska korridoren2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Hur ska ledning och styrning av transportkorridorer byggas upp?2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Råvaror och transporter2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta ()
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    By Maria Öberg, Senior research engineer/PhD-student, Kristina L. Nilsson, Professor, and Charlotta Johansson, Assistant Professor Luleå University of Technology2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Corridor Management in the ACE Green Corridor: outcomes and discussions from the TransBaltic extension seminar and related to previous research2014Report (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance for sustainable development of major European transport corridors: The Scandinavian-Mediterranean TEN-T core network corridor2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Intermodal road, rail, air and sea transport networks across the European Union (EU) calledTrans-European Networks for Transport (TEN-T) are currently being implemented. Keyelements, which should be implemented by 2030, are the most strategic TEN-T Core networkcorridors. These nine corridors are expected to enhance smoothness and sustainability oftransport across the EU, thereby enhancing cohesion between EU nations, and relate to non-EU nations. In the EU Regulation 1315/2013 a governance framework for implementation ofthe Core network corridors is outlined, which mainly involves appointment of a Europeancoordinator for each corridor, establishment of Corridor forums for consultations, andformulation of work plans and follow-up measures.This framework is now being implemented in practice. A recognised challenge in the processis engaging the numerous, diverse stakeholders. A possible solution is to introduceappropriate elements of complementary governance. Thus, in this doctoral research, suitablecomplementary governance to support the sustainable development of a Core networkcorridor was investigated. Complementary governance, a concept that was developed andrefined during the project, refers here to additional governance in relation to the governanceframework described for the EU Core network corridors in the EU Regulation 1315/2013.To address an identified gap in knowledge on the nature and utility of complementarygovernance a series of studies was carried out. The studies included a study of relevantacademic literature, studies of EU transport policy and implementation documents regardinggovernance and sustainability, a survey of views of Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridorforum participants, and interviews with stakeholders in the Baltic Sea region. These studiescollectively constitute a case study, focusing on the Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corenetwork corridor, of the need for, and if a need is present the optimal design of,complementary governance in the process of sustainable development of a Core networkcorridor.The main findings of the studies are that the implementation process of the Core networkcorridors could benefit from complementary governance measures, mainly to increaseinclusiveness, which is crucial for a sustainable development. Complementary governancecould both deepen and broaden stakeholder awareness and involvement. This may haveseveral advantages, such as increasing possibilities for stakeholders to influence the processand benefit from the corridor, align activities, and promote cooperation and learning betweenstakeholders. Moreover, including stakeholders who are based outside the corridors mayimprove distributive aspects of the investments and reduce risks of focusing attention tooclosely on the corridors per se. However, broadening stakeholder inclusion also hasdisadvantages, as it increases the complexity of the process, which may impair itseffectiveness, and may lead to unrepresentative involvement due to differences instakeholders’ interests, administrative capacities and power. It also increases requirements forcoordination.The nature of complementary governance is multifaceted and related to diverse dimensions ofgovernance, such as processes, stakeholder participation and implementation documents. For complementary governance measures a flexible and task-specific multi-level design isemphasised, which may involve various types of engagement mechanisms. Further, thefindings showed a need to extend previously recognised types of public engagementmechanisms based on communication, consultation and participation in the decision-makingstage, by recognising another category, named stakeholder exchange. This category ischaracterised by stakeholder cooperation and collaboration in an implementation stage wheremain goals and policies already are in place.Areas for complementary governance in the implementation process of the Core networkcorridors were indicated in the interview study. They consisted of extended involvement ofprivate stakeholders, extended involvement of regional and local stakeholders, extendedinvolvement of stakeholders geographically external to the immediate corridor, and extendedinformation both generally and specifically (i.e. directed information to specific stakeholders).Several complementary governance measures that could potentially improve implementationof the Core network corridors were raised in the interviews, ranging from minor adjustment inthe existing process to entirely new solutions. These ideas correspond well to the indicatedareas and provide robust foundations for further discussion.Thus, findings from the research suggest several governance measures to systematicallyinvolve and engage diverse stakeholders in the Core network corridor implementationprocess. However, before introducing such measures, they should be assessed together withexisting governance measures, to avoid overlapping or contradictory initiatives, possiblyusing policy packaging approaches, where policies are combined and analysed together toachieve a desired overall outcome. Proposals for future research and practices are presented.

  • 26.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance structure for transport corridors2014Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Transport plays essential roles in almost all economic activities and our daily lives. Transport flows are often agglomerated in soͲcalled transport corridors linking urban and/or commercially important areas.Clearly, it is desirable for transport to be efficient and sustainable, thus there are several onͲgoing initiatives to develop major, often transnational, transport corridors.Diverse stakeholders are affected by and/or involved in the development of these corridors, including travellers, transport buyers,transport service providers and transport authorities (local, regional, national and transnational). Governance of the corridors can be regarded as the interactive involvement of these stakeholders in their development and subsequent management.This is a licentiate by publications based on a covering essay that summarises and synthetises four articles. The topic focuses on the development of a framework for designing governance structures formajor transport corridors, by examining the variables that should be considered, the structural and procedural organisational possibilities, and both stakeholders’ participation and interactions. A qualitative research approach has been applied, as deeper understanding of the underlying issues is needed. Several studies have been performed, in conjunction with the Bothnian green logistic corridorproject, to illustrate key concerns. These studies have included literature reviews, studies of documents describing governance of major European transport initiatives, and interviews with key individualsinvolved in the development of European transport corridors. An international study has been established and supervised to gather experiences from other research projects, including an open workshop for discussion between representatives of various stakeholder groups. In addition, a casestudy of the Bothnian corridor has been performed, including focus group discussions with principal stakeholders.Main findings from the literature studies concern both the design of governance structures and their socioͲpolitical integration. The findings show that there is no universal solution for governance structuresas they have to be adapted to the social, economic and political context, and should have a sufficient flexibility to meet changing requirements. They also show that collaboration between public, private and other stakeholders to address issues earlier handled by a single authority is becoming increasinglycommon, also within the field of transport, particularly when public investment budgets are restricted. Another main finding is that broad stakeholder inclusion is advantageous and engaged leadership crucial for a successful outcome. Both structural and procedural aspects of a governance structure influence theoutcome and need to be considered when designing one. The international study and the workshop confirmed most of these literature findings and additionally highlighted the need for clear goals, objectives and rules for collaboration. Stakeholders´ diverse needs of connecting to a governancestructure were discussed in the workshop. The document studies and the interviews enhanced knowledge of European transport corridor establishment and management practices.

  • 27.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    How to create a transport corridor management: a literature review2013In: VTI-Transportforum 2013 - Granskade artiklar, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, VTI , 2013, p. 108-121Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Commission has adopted a proposal to develop the trans-European network for freight and passenger transports (TEN-T). A multimodal core transport network for Europe has been proposed, as part of the TEN-T (including all modes of transport; roads, railways, airports and canals). As parts of the core network, ten core network corridors have been appointed. They will be used as instruments for implementing the entire core network. European Coordinators will facilitate the implementation of the core network corridors, in cooperation with corridor platforms to be established by Member States concerned. There is no overall solution to how this core network with partly appointed network corridors would be managed, and how the corridor platforms will be synthesized and inter-organized to accomplish seamless transnational transport solutions.This literature review pinpoints three areas of specific importance for future work in creating transport corridor management structures. First, broad stakeholders inclusion, where formalized partnerships in agreements are suggested. Second, several ways of communication between stakeholders to ensure common progress, and third, to complement the dominant causation processes with effectuation processes to capture the stakeholders own driving forces towards common goals.

  • 28.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Intermediate preliminary findings from 5 interviews: Awareness of TEN-T corridors and need of complementary governance/cooperation2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Management structure for the Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor: A summary of activities in WP 6.1 and concluding recommendations2013Report (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Measurement of Green Corridor environmental impact performance: -A2A logistic corridor concept2013Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Results from focus groups about transport corridor management for the Bothnian Corridor: Part of Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor (BGLC) project workshop, Arlanda 7th of January 20142014Report (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Results of questionnaire about complementary governance sent to TEN-T Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridor Forum participants Dec 2015 – Jan 20162016Report (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Förbifart eller genomfart?: E10 och Nikkaluoktavägen (väg 870) i Kiruna2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Kiruna pågår en omfattande stadsomvandlingsprocess. Den orsakas av att gruvbolaget LKAB arbetar med en ny huvudnivå i underjordsgruvan för järnmalm. Malmkroppen lutar in under staden och brytningen ger sprickbildning som innebär att delar av staden, bland annat Kiruna centrum, måste flyttas om gruvverksamheten ska kunna fortgå. Järnvägen, E10 samt väg 870, Nikkaluoktavägen, måste också få nya sträckningar.I samband med att E10 ska få ny sträckning har det diskuterats om E10 ska fortsätta utgöra genomfart genom nya centrala Kiruna eller om en förbifart ska byggas, nära centrum (tangentiell förbifart) eller lite längre från själva bebyggelsen.Syftet med detta PM är att genom studie av forskning och utredningar öka kunskapen om vilka effekter valet av förbifart eller genomfart kan få, och tillämpa dessa resonemang i fallet Kiruna.Utifrån de områden som analyserats har det framkommit att det finns både faktorer som talar för respektive mot en förbifart i Kiruna. Flera faktorer är för osäkra för att kunna beskriva konsekvenserna av. Genom att öka kunskapen om hur utbyggnad av trafiksystemen i Kiruna kan påverka utvecklingen, skapas ett bättre underlag för beslutsfattande.

  • 34.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Översiktlig analys av olika faktorers påverkan på en långsiktigt hållbar stadsplanering: Scenariobeskrivningar för huvudstråk för trafik och stadsform respektive karaktärer för olika bebyggelsestrukturer i Kiruna2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kiruna står i dagsläget inför en stor utmaning då stora delar av staden måste flyttas till ett nytt läge för att gruvbrytningen ska kunna fortgå. Det är en unik samhällsplaneringsprocess som pågår som kräver insikt, nytänkade och samarbete med många aktörer.Den här rapporten utgör en översiktlig beskrivning av några former/kollektivtrafikstråk och bebyggelsestrukturer, samt dess konsekvenser för en långsiktigt hållbar stadsutveckling, med fallstudie i Kiruna. Problem som bör analyseras djupare har identifierats.Dagens strävan mot långsiktig hållbarhet, också i stadsplanering, talar för en koncentrerad bebyggelsestruktur i motsats till en utglesad struktur. Från ett vetenskapligt perspektiv finns det både för- och nackdelar med en kompakt stad, men en koncentrerad stad skapar bättre förutsättningar för korta avstånd inom staden, vilket främjar gående och cyklande, samt ger större möjligheter till attraktiva kollektiva transportsystem.Tre olika typer av bebyggelsestrukturer har studerats; gles struktur, blandad struktur och tät struktur. Gles struktur utgörs främst av villabebyggelse och tät struktur utgörs av bebyggelse med tydlig stadskaraktär, med flerbostadshus, affärslokaler m m.Tre olika scenarier för huvudsakliga utvecklingsstråk i Kiruna har studerats översiktligt; bandstruktur (målpunkter längs linje), fingerstruktur (nav med linjer ut från centrum som ”fingrar”) och slingstruktur (målpunkter längs ring). Det kollektiva trafiksystemet kan utgöra stommen i stråken. Stråken karaktäriseras av hög aktivitet av människor och händelser.Analysen av stråkstrukturer visar att de olika stråkstrukturerna samtliga är generellt bra som trafikstrukturer, men tar olika stor hänsyn till den befintliga bebyggelsen, därför kan man tänka sig att de är mer eller mindre användbara på kort eller lång sikt. Fingerstrukturen kan vara en tänkbar lösning på längre sikt, medan slingstruktur kan vara lämplig i närtid, och bandstruktur i en övergångsperiod alternativt på längre sikt. Det är viktigt att planera långsiktigt under hela stadsomvandlingsprocessen eftersom lokalisering av viktiga målpunkter och val av trafikstråk är beroende av varandra.Avseende bebyggelsestrukturer konstateras att en koncentrerad bebyggelse underlättar för attraktiva kollektivtrafiklösningar och ger närhet till service och nöjen och korta avstånd för gång- och cykeltrafikanter. Detta stödjer också jämställdheten. Gles bebyggelse ger å andra sidan generellt sett en hög tillgänglighet till grönområden. Med en koncentrerad bebyggelse minskar ytor för uppställning av fordon, släpvagnar och dylikt samt ytor för offentligt bruk för till exempel snöupplag.Trygghet i form av ett aktivt stadsliv med människor i rörelse stöder koncentration av bebyggelse. Trygghet i form av att vara känd i kvarteret, och att nya människor som rör sig i kvarteret noteras, är en fördel med gles bebyggelse. Gles bebyggelse kräver en högre markexploatering och leder till en högre energianvändning och emissioner totalt sett med längre transportsträckor. Gles bebyggelse skapar däremot förutsättningar för miljöer med låga lokala emissions- och bullerstörningar. Blandad bebyggelsestruktur ger goda förutsättningar för en ökad integration i samhället avseende socioekonomiska faktorer, och skapar en flexibel miljö för om- och tillbyggnad. Olika bebyggelsestrukturer har alla sin plats i en stad för att möta olika önskemål hos invånarna. Hur mycket som ska finnas av olika strukturer formas i en process mellan önskvärd samhällsutveckling och efterfrågan på olika strukturer.

  • 35.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Eckhardt, Jenni
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.
    Finding success factors for transport corridor management structure2013In: Nordic Road and Transport Research, ISSN 1101-5179, E-ISSN 2000-186X, no 2, p. 12-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance of major transport corridors involving stakeholders2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance of Major Transport Corridors Involving Stakeholders2016In: Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2324-9935, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 14, p. 860-868Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper governance for developing main transport corridors in the European Union was examined by means of document- and literature studies. European Union transport policy documents were studied as well as legislation regarding development of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T). One of the most strategic parts of the TEN-T, the Scandinavian – Mediterranean (ScanMed) transport corridor, was particularly studied with documents concerning the implementation of ScanMed. Qualitative content analyses have been conducted and three themes consisting of “governance organisation”, “actors” and “governance in practical implementation process” were studied.It was concluded that a broad range of stakeholders have to contribute in order to accomplish a well-functioning transport system. Accordingly the studied policy, legislative and implementation documents all concern governance matters in various ways. Depending on the actual transport initiative, and its objectives, stakeholder involvement can vary. A framework for governance arrangements for the most strategic parts of TEN-T, the Core network corridors is set in a regulation. A European coordinator was appointed for each Core network corridor and has an important role in facilitating the implementation. Such governance structure was already foreseen in earlier policy documents. Corridor forum is a new tool aiming to bring key stakeholders together for consultative purposes and in addition working groups can be connected to the Corridor forums. The policy and legislative documents have a focus on the responsibilities and activities for the European Commission and the concerned Member states. The importance of other stakeholders such as cities, ports, regional authorities, private actors is mentioned, but their activities are not explicitly stated in these formal European documents. However, participation of various stakeholders in the ScanMed Core network corridor implementation process is tangible, especially when concrete projects are discussed. Further, in the ScanMed Core network corridor implementation process the Corridor forum is explored as a new tool for bringing stakeholders together, progressively reaching an increasing number of stakeholders, including users of infrastructure in future stages. Encompassing eight countries and several modes of transport a large number of stakeholders are indicated. The idea of future ideas laboratories acting as meeting spots for development of the transport corridor on specific topics, and bringing a variety of stakeholders together, is interesting.A key challenge for future implementation of the ScanMed Core network corridor is the large number of stakeholders concerned by a transnational and multimodal transport system. Governance design to strengthen involvement of stakeholders in European transports initiatives such as the TEN-T should be encouraged. Suitable forums for cooperation and collaboration for inclusiveness for various actors need to be elaborated, where common overarching objectives need to be agreed upon. These forums have to be developed together with concerned stakeholders so that choice of forum is suitable due to its expected function. Key stakeholders which can actively contribute to progress and new ideas need to be connected to the process. And developed working groups, ideas laboratories and similar, on a geographical basis for parts of the corridor or for a specific topic, need to be adequately bridged to a European level.

  • 38.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta M.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Expected benefits and drawbacks of Baltic Sea European transport corridors: implications for complementary governance of TEN-T Core network corridors2018In: Cogent Business & Management, E-ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 1423870Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, stakeholders’ expected benefits and concerns are presented regarding the development of Core Network Corridors (CNCs) within the European transport initiative, the Trans-European Network for Transports. An interview study was conducted with 23 stakeholders from different parts of the society in the Baltic Sea area. The results show that stakeholders have a range of expectations, both positive and negative, for the development of the CNC. Stakeholders’ views were sorted into three categories based on the gathered data: matters that are already regulated; unregulated matters that often include vaguely defined responsibilities and require diverse stakeholder engagement for improvement; and matters for which there are concerns about negative outcomes. The results indicate (a) a need for cost-effective complementary governance, here described as additional governance measures to those regulated in the initial framework, (b) that a wider group of stakeholders than is currently involved is needed in the on-going implementation process. Additional regional and local level stakeholders, within and outside of the CNC, and private businesses, would enhance the benefits and/or mitigate negative implications of the developed CNCs, (c) an openness for complementary governance in the on-going CNC implementation process. This openness needs to be considered when developing models for policy packaging.

  • 39.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    How to create a transnational transport corridor management: structural and procedural public and private cooperation2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Complementary governance for sustainable development in transport: the European TEN-T Core Network Corridors2018In: Case Studies on Transport Policy, ISSN 2213-624X, E-ISSN 2213-6258, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 674-682Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When implementing major European transport corridors, such as the Core network corridors (CNC) which is a part of the European Trans-European Network for Transports (TEN-T), the number of stakeholders affected is huge. A governance framework for the CNC’s implementation was introduced in EU Regulation No. 1315/2013, and is now being enacted. Sustainable development and stakeholder involvement are crucial areas in the implementation. This interview study investigated the need for complementary governance, here meaning governance in addition to the governance framework set in the regulation. The interviews involved 23 individuals from the Baltic Sea Region, who are affiliated to the four categories public authority, infrastructure organisation/company, private company and other organisation. The results confirm the importance of an inclusive approach. Further, the results showed a need to ensure that all three social, economic and ecological dimensions of sustainability are considered. Summarising the interview results, four areas for attention in the further CNC implementation process were identified: more and directed information, extended involvement of private sector transport stakeholders, extended involvement of regional and local stakeholders, and involvement of stakeholders located geographically outside the immediate corridor. Complementary governance can be a tool to address these areas, as governance structures and processes can involve stakeholders and steer towards desired outcomes. The interviewees own ideas for complementary governance are presented in this paper.

    The CNC implementation is currently an on-going process and these results will be further utilised in the process, as a basis for stakeholder discussions of changes in practice.

  • 41.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    How to create a management structure for transport corridors2016In: Towards Innovative Freight and Logistics: Research for Innovative Transports Set / [ed] Corinne Blanquart; Uwe Clausen; Bernard Jacob, John Wiley & Sons, 2016, Vol. 2, p. 231-241Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    How to create a management structure for transport corridors2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Major transport corridors: the concept of sustainability in EU documents2016In: Transportation research procedia, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper results are presented from document- and literature studies examining how the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development (economical, ecological and social) are used in the process of developing main transport corridors in the European Union.  Particular focus has been placed on the Scandinavian-Mediterranean (ScanMed) transport corridor, a strategic part of the trans-European network for transports (TEN-T). European Union transport policy documents were studied along with the legislation for TEN-T and documents regarding implementation of the ScanMed corridor.

    The paper highlights that the concept of sustainable development is used in a multifaceted way, sometimes indicating the overarching goal of sustainability, sometimes indicating certain dimensions, and sometimes referring to conducting efforts in a sustainable way. This implies that stakeholders are led to perceive the concept in various ways, influencing how measures are implemented and how the economic, ecological and social dimensions of sustainability are integrated. Reinforcing a holistic perspective of sustainability and sustainable development as integrating economic, ecological and social benefits for a desired development would avoid the perception of sustainability as merely addressing a specific dimension, like environmental concerns. In part this could be strengthened by clearly framing the particular dimensions of sustainability being addressed in different parts of major transport corridor documents, for example; “economic sustainability” or “social sustainability”.

  • 44.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Major transport corridors: the concept of sustainability in EU documents2017In: Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2324-9935, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 25, p. 3698-3706Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper results are presented from document- and literature studies examining how the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development (economical, ecological and social) are used in the process of developing main transport corridors in the European Union.  Particular focus has been placed on the Scandinavian-Mediterranean (ScanMed) transport corridor, a strategic part of the trans-European network for transports (TEN-T). European Union transport policy documents were studied along with the legislation for TEN-T and documents regarding implementation of the ScanMed corridor.

    The paper highlights that the concept of sustainable development is used in a multifaceted way, sometimes indicating the overarching goal of sustainability, sometimes indicating certain dimensions, and sometimes referring to conducting efforts in a sustainable way. This implies that stakeholders are led to perceive the concept in various ways, influencing how measures are implemented and how the economic, ecological and social dimensions of sustainability are integrated. Reinforcing a holistic perspective of sustainability and sustainable development as integrating economic, ecological and social benefits for a desired development would avoid the perception of sustainability as merely addressing a specific dimension, like environmental concerns. In part this could be strengthened by clearly framing the particular dimensions of sustainability being addressed in different parts of major transport corridor documents, for example; “economic sustainability” or “social sustainability”.

  • 45.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Undermarksplanering: Svensk praxis utifrån valda projekt2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was carried out as part of the research project Sustainable use of the subsurface (2017–2019). The project aims to support the sustainable use of the underground space, and to clarify new possibilities for how underground matters can be integrated into urban planning.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how planning processes for facilities and other underground operations are carried out in Sweden, how the interaction between planning above and below ground works, how underground information is handled in different types of projects, and indicate opportunities for improvement.

    The report is based on studies of a number of completed underground projects, where public planning documents have been examined and interviews with people who have had insight into the projects have been carried out. The study has identified a number of suggestions that could help improve the planning process for underground planning:

    Systematic and accessible information

    • Collect geoscientific information (including interpretations) from all underground projects in a common database.
    • Ensure that project owners and clients submit geoscientific information to such a common database.
    • The information should be archived and made searchable digitally with regard to confidential information.
    • The archives should be managed so that relevant material remains available for the appropriate length of time.

     

    Cooperation

    • Create a good collaboration climate early in the project, with relevant stakeholders.
    • Support harmonization of the application of regulations between municipalities.

     

    Strategic work

    • A coherent planning for land use above and below land at the various stages of the planning process.
    • Sub-regional resources in a regional perspective are highlighted in regional planning documents.
    • Managing target conflicts at an early stage by making them visible in both national and regional and local planning.
    • Ensure that the right level of information is developed for the various stages of the planning processes.
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