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  • 1. Arwidson, Claes
    et al.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Kaplan, Alexander
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
    Verification of numerical forming simulation in high strength steels2004In: Proceedings of the Conference Innovations in metal forming, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bagge, Niklas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Sas, Gabriel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Carolin, Anders
    Trafikverket.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Full-Scale Test to Failure of a Prestressed Concrete Bridge in Kiruna2014In: Nordic Concrete Research, ISSN 0800-6377, Vol. 50, p. 83-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To calibrate methods for condition assessment of prestressed concrete (PC) bridges, tests are planned for a 50 year old five-span bridge with a length of 121 m in Kiruna in northern Sweden. Both non-destructive and destructive full-scale tests will be performed. This paper summarises the test programme, which comprises evaluation of the structural behaviour of the bridge, the residual forces in the prestressed steel, methods for strengthening using carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRP) and the shear resistance of the bridge slab.

  • 3.
    Bagge, Niklas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Nilimaa, Jonny
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Sas, Gabriel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering. Norut Northern Research Institute, Narvik.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering. College of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Carolin, Anders
    Trafikverket, Trafikverket, Luleå.
    Performance of a prestressed concrete bridge loaded to failure2015In: IABSE Conference Geneva 2015: Structural Engineering: Providing Solutions to Global Challenges, Geneva: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, 2015, p. 1088-1095Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4. Bernspång, Lars
    Iterative and adaptive solution techniques in computational plasticity1991Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 5. Bernspång, Lars
    et al.
    Hammam, T.
    Mattiasson, K.
    Schedin, E.
    Melander, A.
    Samuelsson, A.
    Verification of an explicit finite-element code for the simulation of the press forming of rectangular boxes of coated sheet steels1993In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136, E-ISSN 1873-4774, Vol. 39, no 3-4, p. 431-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The industrial aim for shorter lead times in the development process for new products has encouraged a fast development of finite-element procedures for the simulation of sheet-metal forming. These procedures can shorten the design stage for new sheet-forming tools and the try-out period. In order to reach these goals robust calculation procedures and extensive verification of results are required. This paper presents a detailed validation of one promising type of finite-element code, namely the explicit code DYNA3D. Experiments for verification were performed on a zinc-coated sheet steel with a hot-dip galvanized coating. Stretch forming and deep drawing of cylindrical cups were performed. Rectangular boxes were formed from rectangular blanks and blanks with cut corners. Dies both with and without draw beads were used. Punch forces, flange draw-in and strain distributions were measured. The pressings with cylindrical shape were used to determine coefficients of friction with a fitting procedure based on comparison of data from pressings and from the DYNA3D calculations. These tribological data and constitutive data of the steels were used in the simulation of pressings of rectangular boxes. The calculations with DYNA3D gave a good description of flange draw-in and the strain distributions in the pressings. In most of the cases studied the punch-force curves were well reproduced. It is concluded that the present code is well suited for the simulation of sheet-forming operations.

  • 6. Bernspång, Lars
    et al.
    Mattiasson, Kjell
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Samuelsson, Alf
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    A quasi-dynamic approach to the analysis of sheet metal forming1991Report (Other academic)
  • 7. Bernspång, Lars
    et al.
    Mattiasson, Kjell
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Samuelsson, Alf
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Sheet metal forming modelled as a quasi-dynamic process1991Report (Other academic)
  • 8. Bernspång, Lars
    et al.
    Samuelsson, A.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Kussner, M.
    Technische Hochschule Darmstadt.
    Wriggers, P.
    Technische Hochschule Darmstadt.
    The consistent strain method in finite element plasticity1995In: Computers & structures, ISSN 0045-7949, E-ISSN 1879-2243, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 27-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An algorithm for finite element analysis of problems in elastoplasticity with continuous stress and strain approximation is presented. By a global iteration procedure, equilibrium is preserved at the nodes in a weak sense, and the local constitutive relation between stresses and strains is satisfied. A high order numerical integration is used to achieve a good quality stiffness matrix and to evaluate the boundary between elastic and plastic regions in the case of partly plastic elements.

  • 9.
    Limam, Marouene
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Veljkovic, Milan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Rebelo, Carlos
    University of Coimbra.
    silva, Luis Simoes da
    University of Coimbra.
    Modeling three dimensional friction connection for wind towers using finite element methods2011In: Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures: Eurosteel 2011, August 31 - September 2, 2011, Budapest, Hungary, Budapest: European Convention for Constructional Steelwork, ECCS , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tubular steel towers supporting wind turbines account for about 15 to 20% of the total installation costs and their optimization may lead to substantial savings with regard to costs and use of material. An innovative solution for assembling joints of a tubular tower for wind turbines has been studied in an European research project called HISTWIN (High-Strength Steel Tower for Wind Turbine). This solution is simpler to produce and 80% less expensive than the traditional flange connection.The paper deals with connections used to assemble sections of tubular steel towers supporting wind turbines. The starting point is a rather simple lap joint connection .This connection is chosen for the sake of simplicity but still having possibility of general conclusions. After that more realistic connection between two tower segments is presented, each section has about 3m high and 2 m in diameter and they are connected by 222 M30 high-strength bolts.Modeling such FE models, which consists of several parts in contact, requires knowledge in contact mechanics with friction, meshing techniques as well as stability and convergence algorithms.A short parametric study is made to evaluate influence of number of bolts and the pretension force on the tubular tower failure mode.Results of FEA and resistance according to European codes, series EN1993-1-8 is considered. Keywords: Finite Element Model, Gap, High Strength Friction Grip Connection, Tubular Steel Tower, contact.

  • 10. Lundqvist, Joakim
    et al.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    A probability study of finite element analysis of near surface mounted carbon fiber reinforced polymer bonded to reinforced concrete2007In: Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement for Concrete Structures: Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Fiber Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement for Concrete Structures, FRPRCS-8 / [ed] T.C. Triantafillou, Patras: FRPRCS-8 Symposium Secretariat , 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A structure is typically designed for a long life and it is probable that the demands on it change over time, e.g. carry larger loads or fulfill new standards. The structure might also have been exposed to a harsh environment leading to a degradation of its structural capacity. These reasons, and more, may lead to a need for strengthening the structure. Strengthening of reinforced concrete structures with carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP) has been shown to be a very effective and advantageous retrofitting technique. The weight-to-strength ratio and resistance to corrosion are some of the advantages. Several different strengthening systems are available with CFRP and a relatively new technique is the near surface mounted reinforcement (NSMR) method. As opposed to externally mounted strengthening systems, NSMR is composed of sawing a groove in a concrete member, applying an adhesive in the groove and inserting a CFRP bar. Although the idea of embedding reinforcing tendons in existing structures has been present for several decades [1], acceptance of the method has only been possible with the emergence of the FRP material. As NSMR comprise of the properties and advantages of an ordinary FRP strengthening system, e.g. plates, it also has the benefit of being embedded in the concrete. This means better protection against impact, fire, abrasion and a natural resistance to peeling stresses. Strengthening of concrete members with NSMR have been reported by e.g. [2], [3], [4], and [5]. For NSMR, or indeed for most FRP strengthening techniques, the bond between the concrete and the strengthening material is the most important issue. This is where the transfer of stresses takes place to realize full composite action. The behavior of strengthened reinforced concrete is quite complex and an approach to investigate this is to utilize the finite element (FE) method. Many numerical analyses of reinforced concrete strengthened with CFRP using the FE method have been carried out in recent years. These concern primarily studies of plate bonding though there are a few studies of bonding of NSMR. In [6], concrete beams are strengthened with plates and the analytical shear and peeling stresses are compared with a linear finite element (FE) analysis. Several authors, e.g. [7], have emphasized that sufficiently small elements must be used in a FE analysis to accurately describe stress distributions, particularly at the end of a bonded plate. Teng et al, [8], make further refinement of the FE mesh and examine the interfacial stresses in reinforced concrete beams bonded with a soffit plate. A concern for the element size where stress singularities occur was also raised. Nonlinear FE analyses of reinforced concrete strengthened with NSMR are performed in [3], [4], [5], and [9]. The common failure mode of a strengthening system with plates is in the outermost concrete layer close to the adhesive. This has been reported in many papers, e.g. [9]. The failure mode for NSMR is more complex. It spans from being a failure in the adhesive close to the FRP bar, i.e. pure pullout, to the concrete layer close to the adhesive, as for FRP plates but with the difference that more concrete is dislodged. In between, a mixed mode of failure is present with cracks in both the adhesive and the concrete. Where the failure occurs is determined by geometrical and material parameters. The thickness of the adhesive, the position of the bar in the adhesive, and the bonding length are possible geometrical parameters. Material parameters are the modulus of elasticity and Poisson's ratio of the concrete, adhesive and the FRP, and of course the tensile strength of the concrete and adhesive. Also, the configuration and the properties of the internal reinforcement may determine the failure mode. To study the bond behavior of reinforced concrete strengthened with NSMR, a test for CFRP bar pullout was devised. This is illustrated in Figure 1 and is reported in [10]. The concrete beam has a minimum amount of reinforcing steel not shown in the drawing. In this paper, the pullout of a rectangular NSMR CFRP bar bonded to reinforced concrete is studied by a finite element analysis in the linear elastic domain. Also, a Monte Carlo simulation, with the FE model incorporated, is carried out with the purpose of determining which geometrical and material parameters that are the most important for where the tensile strength is attained; in the adhesive or the concrete. The following simplifications have been made in this study; all materials are considered as isotropic and linear elastic, and the FE model utilizes symmetry.

  • 11.
    Mattiasson, Kjell
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Samuelsson, Alf
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Solution of quasi-static, force-driven problems by means of a dynamic-explicit approach and an adaptive loading procedure1996In: Engineering computations, ISSN 0264-4401, E-ISSN 1758-7077, Vol. 13, no 2-4, p. 172-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Argues that the dynamic-explicit approach has in recent years been successfully applied to the solution of various quasi-static, elastic-plastic problems, especially in the metal forming area. A condition for the success has, however, been that the problems have been displacement-driven. The solution of similar force-driven problems, using this approach, has been shown to be much more complicated and computationally time consuming because of the difficulties in controlling the unphysical dynamic forces. Describes a project aiming to develop a methodology by which a force-driven problem can be analysed with similar computational effort as a corresponding displacement-driven one. To this end an adaptive loading procedure has been developed, in which the loading rate is controlled by a prescribed velocity norm. Presents several examples in order to exhibit the merits of the proposed procedure.

  • 12.
    Nilimaa, Jonny
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Häggström, Jens
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Bagge, Niklas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Sas, Gabriel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Ohlsson, Ulf
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Carolin, Anders
    Paulsson, Björn
    UIC, Trafikverket.
    Maintenance and Renewal of Concrete Rail Bridges: Results from EC project MAINLINE2014In: Nordic Concrete Research, ISSN 0800-6377, Vol. 50, p. 25-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need to extend the life and capacity of many existing railway bridges. One of the objects of the EC-FP7-Project MAINLINE, 2011-2014, is to facilitate this. Guidelines for assessment and strengthening methods are presented as well as case studies in which existing bridges are being studied in order to extend their life length. Case studies on bridges tested to failure in order to calibrate assessment methods are also presented. Fatigue is often a vital question. A Life Cycle Assessment Tool (LCAT) is being prepared to enable Infrastructure Managers to choose optimal maintenance strategies.

  • 13.
    Puurula, Arto
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering. Savonia University of Applied Scinces, Kuopia, Finland.
    Enochsson, Ola
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering. Bodens kommun.
    Sas, Gabriel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Ohlsson, Ulf
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Carolin, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering. Trafikverket.
    Paulsson, Björn
    Trafikverket.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Assessment of the Strengthening of an RC Railway Bridge with CFRP utilizing a Full-Scale Failure Test and Finite-Element Analysis2015In: Journal of Structural Engineering, ISSN 0733-9445, E-ISSN 1943-541X, Vol. 141, no 1 (Special Issue), p. D4014008-1-D4014008-11, article id D4014008Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A finite element (FE) model was calibrated using the data obtained from a full-scale test to failure of a 50 year old reinforced concrete (RC) railway bridge. The model was then used to assess the effectiveness of various strengthening schemes to increase the loadcarrying capacity of the bridge. The bridge was a two-span continuous single-track trough bridge with a total length of 30 m, situated in Örnsköldsvik in northern Sweden. It was tested in situ as the bridge had been closed following the construction of a new section of the Railway line. The test was planned to evaluate and calibrate models to predict the load-carrying capacity of the bridge and assess the strengthening schemes originally developed by the European research project called Sustainable bridges. The objective of the test was to investigate shear failure, rather than bending failure for which good calibrated models are already available. To that end, the bridge was strengthened in flexure before the test using near-surface mounted square section carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) bars. The ultimate failure mechanism turned into an interesting combination of bending, shear, torsion, and bond failures at an applied load of 11.7 MN (2,630 kips). A computer model was developed using specialized software to represent the response of the bridge during the test. It was calibrated using data from the test and was then used to calculate the actual capacity of the bridge in terms of train loading using the current Swedish load model which specifies a 330 kN (74 kips) axle weight. These calculations show that the unstrengthened bridge could sustain a load 4.7 times greater than the current load requirements (which is over six times the original design loading), whilst the strengthened bridge could sustain a load 6.5 times greater than currently required. Comparisons are also made with calculations using codes from Canada, Europe, and the United States.

  • 14.
    Puurula, Arto
    et al.
    Savonia University of Applied Sciences, Kuopia, Finland.
    Enochsson, Ola
    Bodens kommun, Sverige.
    Sas, Gabriel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Ohlsson, Ulf
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    3D non-linear FE analysis of a full scale test to failure of a RC Railway Bridge strengthened with carbon fibre bars2016In: IABSE CONGRESS, STOCKHOLM, 2016: Challenges in Design and Construction of an Innovativeand Sustainable Built Environment / [ed] Lennart Elfgren, Johan Jonsson, Mats Karlsson, Lahja Rydberg-Forssbeck and Britt Sigfrid, CH - 8093 Zürich, Switzerland: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, 2016, p. 2527-2535Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At a full scale loading test to failure a 50 year old concrete railway trough bridge in Örnsköldsvik, in northern Sweden was tested to failure. The test was a part of the European Research Project “Sustainable Bridges” regarding assessment and strengthening of existing bridges. In the projectnew calculation methods were developed to capture the behaviour of the bridge during increasing load. The bridge was strengthened in bending with rods of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) before the loading test. Failure was reached for an applied load of 11.7 MN by pulling a steel beam placed in the middle of one of the two spans downwards. The achieved failure was a combination of bond, shear, torsion and bending. The developed model, a 3D -non-linear finiteelement (FE) model with discrete reinforcement, gave accurate accounts of the response of thebridge. The FE calculations show the effect of the strengthening with CFRP and even the effect of the epoxy when using the Near Surface Mounted Reinforcement (NSMR) strengthening method.

  • 15.
    Puurula, Arto
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Enochsson, Ola
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Sas, Gabriel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Ohlsson, Ulf
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Loading to failure and 3D nonlinear FE modelling of a strengthened RC bridge.2014In: Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, ISSN 1573-2479, E-ISSN 1744-8980, Vol. 10, no 12, p. 1606-1619Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A reinforced concrete railway trough bridge in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, was strengthened in bending with rods of carbon-fibre-reinforced polymer and loaded to failure. The aim was to test and calibrate methods developed in the European Research Project ‘Sustainable Bridges’ regarding assessment and strengthening of existing bridges. A steel beam was placed in the middle of one of the two spans and was pulled downwards. Failure was reached at an applied load of 11.7 MN. It was initiated by a bond failure caused by a combined action of shear, torsion as well as bending after yielding in the longitudinal steel reinforcement and the stirrups. The bond failure led to a redistribution of the internal forces from the tensile reinforcement to the stirrups, causing the final failure. The computer models developed to simulate the loading process were improved step by step from linear shell models to more detailed models. The most developed model, a three-dimensional nonlinear finite element model with discrete reinforcement, gave accurate accounts of the response of the bridge.

  • 16.
    Runesson, Kenneth
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Samuelsson, Alf
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Numerical technique in plasticity including solution advancement control1986In: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, ISSN 0029-5981, E-ISSN 1097-0207, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 769-788Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerical techniques applied to the consistent formulation of plasticity, which is based on convex analysis, are investigated. For each time step the stress is found as the projection in complementary energy of the elastic stress onto the set of plastically admissible stresses, while the velocity field is the extremal of a non-quadratic functional. Explicit formulas for von Mises' yield criterion with mixed hardening are developed and the nonlinear equations arising from finite element discretization are solved, for comparison, by a number of Newton-type iteration procedures with line search and arc-length control. A few numerical examples with proportional and non-proportional loading are analyzed.

  • 17.
    Samuelsson, A.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Wiberg, N-E
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Study of the efficiency of iterative methods for linear problems in structural mechanics1986In: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, ISSN 0029-5981, E-ISSN 1097-0207, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 209-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The efficiency of iterative methods in linear structural mechanics is studied. The efficiency concerns the calculation time, the numerical accuracy and the core storage needed. We state that iterative methods are effective in connection with hierarchical improvement of a primary approximation. Three iterative methods are studied: the conjugate gradient method preconditioned by a modified incomplete factorization matrix, the same method preconditioned by a matrix obtained from natural factors on elemental level, and a Jacobi integration preconditioned by viscous relaxation split in an element-by-element way. We make comparisons with direct methods, Gaussian elimination and factorization by use of natural factors.

  • 18.
    Tran, Anh Tuan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Veljkovic, Milan
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Rebelo, Carlos
    University of Coimbra, Portugal.
    Simões da Silva, Luís
    University of Coimbra, Portugal.
    Influence of cold-formed angle on high strength steel material properties2018In: Advanced steel construction, ISSN 1816-112XArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Tran, Anh Tuan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Veljkovic, Milan
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Rebelo, Carlos
    University of Coimbra, Portugal.
    Simões da Silva, Luís
    University of Coimbra, Portugal.
    Resistance of cold-formed high strength steel angles2019In: Advanced steel construction, ISSN 1816-112X, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 242-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a study of the behaviour of cold-formed high strength steel angles. Thirty-six specimens with different cold-formed angles (90°, 100°, 120°, 140°, 160°, and 170°) and different thicknesses (4 mm and 6 mm) were considered. The initial geometric imperfections of the specimens were determined using the 3D laser scanning method. The magnitudes of these geometric imperfections for torsional and torsional-flexural buckling and flexural buckling analyses were proposed. The commercial finite element analysis (FEA) programme ABAQUS with shell elements S4R was used for finite element analyses. Different material strengths in corner and flat parts along with different proof stresses (0.2%, 0.01%, and 0.006%) were considered in the numerical models. The experimental and FEA results showed good agreement. Influence of cold-formed angle on non-dimensional slenderness and reduction factor curves of the 4 mm thick columns with 90° and 120° cold-formed angles was analysed.

  • 20.
    Vikström, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Strength and deformation behaviour of snow and snow structures: field and laboratory measurements at Icehotel Jukkasjärvi, Winter 2000 - 20012002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Density measurements, unconfined compression tests, creep tests, beam tests, and measurements of deformations were performed on snow and snow structures that formed the Icehotel during the winter 2000/2001. Results from the unconfined compression tests and creep tests showed that: At -5ºC unconfined compression strength was 0,598 MPa with a snow density of 532 kg/m3. Axial viscosity was 3,23·106 MPa-s and compactive viscosity was 5,24·106 MPa-s with a snow density of 524 kg/m3. At -10ºC unconfined compression strength was 0,681 MPa with a snow density of 558 kg/m3. Axial viscosity was 1,92·106 MPa-s and compactive viscosity was 1,38·106 MPa-s with a snow density of 518 kg/m3. At -11ºC unconfined compression strength was 0,879 MPa with a snow density of 550 kg/m3. Axial viscosity was 2,16·106 MPa-s and compactive viscosity was 2,79·106 MPa-s with a snow density of 470 kg/m3. Beam tests were performed on snow from a pile of artificially made snow. This type of snow was used to construct the arcs of the Icehotel. Results from the beam tests showed that the snow had a mean density of 510 kg/m3 and that Young's modulus E had a mean value of 335 MPa. At failure mean value of maximum tensile- and compression stress was 0,375 MPa and mean value of maximum shear stress was 0,039 MPa. During the winter 2000/2001 deformations of the church building were measured. Results show that the apex of the arcs actually rose 4 to 8 cm, though the shape of the arcs changed very little. Comparing results from this investigation with results from earlier investigations made on snow with similar densities showed that: Unconfined compression strength was 20 to 40 percent lower. Axial viscosity was similar in all but one test at -10/-11 ºC. Axial viscosity was in all tests higher at -5 ºC. Compactive viscosity was higher in all tests. Results from the beam tests regarding Young's modulus values and tensile strength showed similar results.

  • 21.
    Westerström, Göran
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Utbildning och forskning i världsklass vid LTU: Skandinaviens nordligaste tekniska universitet2004In: V-byggaren : väg- och vattenbyggaren, ISSN 0283-5363, no 2, p. 42-45Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Luleå tekniska universitet startade 1971 som Tekniska högskolan i Luleå. Målet var att ge regionen tillväxt genom högre teknisk utbildning och forskning. Många i de södra delarna av landet var skeptiska och vanföreställningar som att akademiker inte kan förmås att bo så långt norrut frodades

  • 22.
    Zeng, L.F.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Wiberg, N-E
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Adaptive finite element procedure for 2D dynamic transient analysis using direct integration1992In: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, ISSN 0029-5981, E-ISSN 1097-0207, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 997-1014Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An adaptive h-version finite element procedure is presented for a 2D elastodynamic transient analysis using direct integration. The procedure modifies the spatial discretization, i.e. the mesh, in time so that the spatial discretization error can be controlled in each time instant. We analyse an a priori error estimate for the total energy which shows that an a posteriori error estimate developed by Zienkiewicz and Zhu for linear elastostatics can reasonably be extended to dynamic transient analysis. For the time integration, both explicit and implicit time integration schemes can be coupled with the procedure. However, the study in this paper is confined to the use of the Newmark scheme. Numerical examples are used to study the performance of the error estimate and to illustrate the adaptive procedure. Obtained numerical results indicate that: (i) the extension of the Zienkiewicz-Zhu estimate to dynamic transient analysis is useful; (ii) the presented adaptive procedure can, in an efficient way, provide a finite element solution with a user-controlled accuracy.

1 - 22 of 22
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