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  • 1.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Broberg, Anders
    Umeå universitet.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Davoli, Lorenzo
    Umeå universitet.
    Kuenen, Stoffel
    Umeå universitet.
    Palmquist, Lena
    Umeå universitet.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Synnes, Kåre
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Wennberg, Paula
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    User toolkits for citizen-centric mobild service innovation2012In: eChallenges e-2012 Conference Proceedings / [ed] Paul Cunningham; Miriam Cunningham, IIMC International Information Management Corporation , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world, there is an ongoing shift from en economy focusing on product development to an economy with focus on digital service development. An ongoing initiative in Europe to support this shift is the Internet of Services (IoS) which strives for a situation where everything that is needed to use a software is available as a service. The aim of this paper is to present a toolkit that non-programmers can use develop their own innovative mobile services. This environment strives to put forth a situation where technologies are made available as components that easily can be composed into a mobile services by just about anyone. This has tremendous impact on the feasibility of citizen-centric services where citizens create apps based on their current needs in their contemporary situation.

  • 2.
    Erikshammar, Jarkko
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The business model effect on collaborative product development in SME construction companies2010In: Ph.D. Research Workshop on Technology and Innovation in Construction: Held at Department of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, Porsön, Luleå, 29 September 2010 / [ed] Paul Chan; Ylva Sardén, 2010, p. 32-39Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The housing construction industry in Sweden is fragmented with few major actors dominating the housing market and several local or regional small and medium (SME) sized construction companies. This combined with the SME's lack of resources for knowledge consuming activities such as product development and innovations, creates a super competitive situation for the SME companies. Studies show that innovation and business model are tightly linked to each other. A business model that is robust can be used as foundation for innovation. The business model needs to define the market, partnerships, product attributes meeting market requirements and production parameters such as cost, time and quality, which are all necessary input for achieving product innovation.This paper investigates a SME construction company and its suppliers, initially linked by traditional working agreements, when developing a product collaboratively in order to gain increased market shares, This paper elaborates on whether developing the business model might be a possible key success area for SME construction companies, which might enhance their possibilities in offering a more competitive product to the market. The objective is to find a methodology that is applicable and workable for the SME´s in construction industry and to develop a framework for analysis. The work described in this paper aims at improving our understanding of the SME product development process.The result of the product development project has been a new design process with a business model that has longer contractual agreements rather than short term project procurement.

  • 3.
    Gylling, Arne
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Waara, Åsa
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Project: SITE - Smart IT för Energibesparing2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Från ansökan: "Projektet skall via användarmedverkan, med skolungdomar och lärare på Tunaskolan i Luleå, kombinerat med smart IT och design av nya innovativa sätt för visualisering utveckla nya metoder för att minska energiförbrukningen. Projektet bygger vidare på resultat och samarbeten med både nationella och internationella EU projekt inom området energibesparing med fokus på användarmedverkan.Vi vill tillsammans med skolungdomar, morgondagens beslutsfattare, och via deras "normala" kommunikationsvägar (Internet, Web 2.0, Facebook etc) sprida och engagera om energi och miljö. Genom att bygga demonstratorer vill vi lära oss hur och vad man bör fokusera på för att både spara energi men även bidra till en större medvetenhet för områdena. Vi vet att ungdomar idag mycket snabbare sprider "god" information och huvudfokus för projektet är att tillsammans med ungdomarna förstå vad och på vilket sätt energiutnyttjandet skall visualiseras för att "nå ut" och spridas.Vårt mål är att engagera skolan, elever, lärare och besökare, till att bidra med idéer för hur man kan spara energi och värna om miljön. Tillsammans med projektdeltagarna kommer nya Internet-baserade applikationer attutvecklas för visualisering av i realtid uppmätt energiutnyttjande. Tillvägagångssättet kommer vara baserat på att genom korta och snabba iterationer sätta nya versioner av de utvecklade applikationerna "i händerna" påungdomarna som varit med och designat själva hur applikationerna ska se ut för att presentera energiförbrukning på ett enkelt sätt.Vi avser också att via medverkande företag, baserat på resultat i projektet, utveckla nya affärer och vi kommer kontinuerligt under projektet att sprida information om framsteg via Internet, konferenser samt andra samarbetsprojekt.

  • 4.
    Johansson, Dan
    et al.
    Informatics, Umeå University.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Wiberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Informatics, Umeå University.
    Mobile e-Services and Open Data in e-Government Processes: Concept and Design2015In: Mobile Web and Intelligent Information Systems: 12th International Conference, MobiWis 2015, Rome, Italy, August 24-26, 2015, Proceedings / [ed] Muhammad Younas; Irfan Awan; Massimo Mecella, New York: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2015, p. 149-160Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The traditional service life cycle starts with the formulation of required needs and ends with the adoption and ownership of the service. In an e-government context, this takes the form of citizens consuming services provided by the public sector bodies. We examine how a combination of mobile e-services and open data can extend and allow possible citizen-driven continuation of the service life cycle. The chosen method is a concept-driven approach, manifesting our concept in a digital prototype, which allows citizens to generate and acquire open data, as well as develop and publish their own e-services

  • 5.
    Johansson, Dan
    et al.
    Department of Informatics, Umeå University.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Wiberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Informatics, Umeå University.
    Mobile e-services and open data in e-government processes: transforming citizen involvement2015In: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Information Integration and Web-based Applications & Services (iiWAS2015) / [ed] Maria Indrawan-Santiago; Matthias Steinbauer; Ismail Khalil; Gabriele Anderst-Kotsis, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015, article id 8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile computing is one of the most important paradigms to influence and enhance modern e-services, mainly due to its anytime and anywhere availability adding value to the delivered service. In a traditional e-government context, the service life cycle takes the form of citizens consuming services provided by public sector bodies. In this paper, we use a novel concept combining mobile e-services and open data to extend and allow possible citizen-driven continuation of the service life cycle. The concept is evaluated throughout the design process, and also becomes the subject of a focus group. Our most important conclusions are that the concept design extends the service life cycle within the public sector context, and also creates new entrances for citizens to participate in generating and acquiring open data, thus transforming citizens' involvement. The result is increased co-operation, as well as increased adoption and availability of data and e-services, enhancing citizen participation

  • 6.
    Johansson, Jan-Olov
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Project: EAA - Ericsson Application Awards2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Samarbetspartner med Ericsson Research under deras arrangemang av Ericsson Application Awards, en internationell utvecklartävling för mobila applikationer. I detta ingick att göra undersökningar bland deltagarna för att skapa en ökad förståelse för drivkrafterna bakom deltagandet samt hur en sådan här typ av tävling har för påverkan som drivkraft för tjänsteinnovation.

  • 7.
    Johansson, Jan-Olov
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Wennberg, Paula
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Broberg, Anders
    Institutionen för Datavetenskap, Umeå Universitet.
    Palmquist, Lena
    Institutionen för Datavetenskap, Umeå Universitet.
    Lidgren, Aron
    Alec Consulting AB.
    Bengtsson, Johan
    Internit, Sverige.
    Davoli, Lorenzo
    Designhögskolan, Umeå Universitet.
    Kuenen, Stoffel
    Designhöskolan, Umeå Universitet.
    Börjesson, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Project: SATIN - System för användardriven tjänsteinnovation2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The overall mission of SATIN is to empower end-users without programming skills to create mobile-services, and to share services with other end-users. In the project researchers from Luleå University of Technology and Umeå University join forces together with different industrial actors to solve the issues on technologies for mobile service-creation, user-driven service design and implementation and the future mobile service business ecosystem.

  • 8.
    Johansson, Jan-Olov
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Nolin, Marie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Project: SMART CAMPUS - Building-User Learning Interaction for Energy Efficiency2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    From DOW: "This project aims at the development of services and applications supported by a data gathering platform that integrates real time information systems and intelligent energy management systems that drive a bi-directionallearning process such that the user learns how to interact with the building and the building learns how to interact with the user in a more energy efficient way.SMART CAMPUS targets Public buildings (Universities) through the use of Services enabled by ICT in particular by supporting the user behaviour transformation through the interaction between the user and the building’sintelligent energy management system. Furthermore the eco-conscious educated user will be empowered with real time ubiquitous information and decision making guidance that will enable and motivate the interactionleading to Energy Efficiency. SMART CAMPUS expects an impact of substantial Energy Savings up to 20% of total saving, being up to 15% the result of consumer behaviour transformation.The users will be addressed at 4 public Universities located at Helsinki, Lulea, Lisbon and Milan. The service will be used to educate, influence and transform the user energy consumption behaviour sustaining these behavioural changes by his/her empowerment with real time interactive information (simulation) andguided/influenced decision making (usage profile modelling and negotiation). The services and applications provided will be based on a reference of best practices in terms of energy usage but will also take into accountthe user preferences, balancing the pre-set definitions with the user preferences, having therefore a bidirectional learning process between the building and the users. The project progress and results will be pro-actively disseminated trough Web 2.0 tools, namely the SMART CAMPUS Portal, and with brochures, newsletters and videos, aiming at reaching a wide audience."

  • 9.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: EIT ICT Labs Summer School2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: EIT ICT Labs Summer School utmärkelse för bästa projekidé 20132013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under sommarskolan vann bästa lag (under sommarskolan) affärsutvecklingstid från experter inom EIT ICT Labs. Vårt lag (samt ett till lag) vann för vårt arbete med att integrera SATIN plattformen för app-byggande i en öppna data portal (se bifogad presentation). Kriterierna var inriktade på projektidéer för framtiden baserade på teknik för digitala smarta städer.

  • 11.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Forskningsseminarium för Informatik avdelningen, Karlstad Universitet2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: IRIS35 - Designing the Interactive Society2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Information Systems Research in Scandinavia 2012 in Sigtuna Sweden.

  • 13.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: IRIS36 - Digital Living2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The Information Systems Research in Scandinavia 2013 (http://www.mn.uio.no/ifi/english/research/news-and-events/events/conferences-and-seminars/iris2013/): "We want to question what digital living implies, both on a personal, group, organizational and societal level. What are the struggles, tensions and results that has emerged as we have gone from “digitizing” our organizations and societies to “living with the digital”? We seek to discuss experiences of “digital living” within a multitude of empirical settings. Just to mention a few such settings, this could include studies of how ICTs are intimately intertwined into daily practices of care for elderly and frail people, of how organizations deal with their increasingly complex systems’ portfolios, or how people relate to each other when interaction is mediated through social networks. What are the societal effects of ICT becoming ubiquitous in everyday situations, such as travel, shopping, everyday logistics and community work? How do gaming, virtual worlds, social media, and free downloading affect society – education, economy, work life and culture? Which strategies do persons, groups and organizations adopt in order to deal with ICTs? Through which means are digital lives being regulated, standardised and governed?With the theme “digital living” we also seek to provoke. Everything in our lives is not digital; we still have a significant “analogue” component. How can the border between the physical and digital aspects of our lives be designed and dealt with? How can basic human capacities be utilized in interaction and collaboration with digital devices? Moreover, the resource distribution in our world is disturbingly uneven, and everyone on our planet does not live digital lives. However, the impact of ICT in low GDP countries is dramatic, so we also welcome a global perspective on “digital living”."

  • 14.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: IRIS37 - Designing Human Technologies2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Information Systems Research in Scandinavia (IRIS) 2014 (http://iris2014.aau.dk) in Roskilde, Denmark: Designing Human Technologies is a broad technological concept based on the principle that users, the target group and other interested parties must be involved in ethical and society-related considerations about the design, in the design process itself and in verifying how designs contribute to the fulfillment of needs and solution of a problem. Working with the theme may include thorough analysis on how designs are used and included in human life and/or how to design solutions for select issues.Designing Human Technologies includes information technology but also: mobility technology, environment/sustainable technology, energy technology and technology in connection with city design, natural resorts, innovative and appealing space and experiences, physical planning and organisation, climate adaptation, solutions of information and communication technology, policies, products, service and/or experiences.

  • 15.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: IRIS38 - System design for, with and by users2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The 38th Information Systems Research Conference in Scandinavia (http://iris2015.org) in Oulo, Finland.

  • 16.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Scandinavian Workshop on E-government2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Special Issue: Innovation through open data2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The opening of data has been hailed for its innovative capacity and transformative power. Over the last years, many politicians, companies, scientists, and citizen communities have paid considerable attention to the demand of opening data of both public and private organizations. An important event in this context was the release of the EU Public Sector Information (PSI) directive in 2003, in which a common legislative framework was presented, which regulates making data of public sector bodies available for re-use . In 2009, the Obama Administration stated that its primary goal was the establishment of an unprecedented level of openness of the Government and published an Open Government Directive some months afterwards . Building on former policies, the EuropeanCommission has recently presented an Open Data Strategy for Europe, in which more evident rules on making the best use of government-held information are presented . In 2012, the Obama Administration published the Digital Government Strategy, which aims to 1) enable the American people to access high-quality digital government information and services anywhere, anytime, on any device; 2) seize the opportunity to procure and manage devices, applications, and data in smart, secure and affordable ways; and 3) unlock the power of government data to spur innovation and improve the 5 quality of services for the American people .In addition to these policy documents, various studies have shown that opening data by public and private organizations has considerable potential to provide citizens, researchers, companies and other stakeholders with many advantages, such as a growing economy by stimulating innovation, developing new businesses and obtaining new insights in the public and private sector by creating new ways of understanding problems and interpreting data. Open data enable new ventures to develop new business models and innovative services. Often the added value is generated from combining multiple sources. Open data have the potential to enable different types of innovation, such as innovation through the provision, processing and use of open data, innovation through open data technologies, and innovation through impact and public value creation from open data initiatives (transparency, accountability and collaborative governance approaches). Open data can contribute to open government. However, although open data research is performed increasingly, research about the way innovation can take place through open data is still lacking. For this reason, innovation through open data is the main focus of this Special Issue.

  • 18.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Open innovation going societal?: Open data as boundary breaker2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent opening up of government data in open digital formats is believed to emerge into a new innovation scene. This paper analyses two Swedish open data initiatives from the perspective of inside-out open innovation in order to develop a better understanding of this on-going process from within a public sector perspective. Findings reveal that the governmental context leads to a dual mode of innovation; where the providers of resources for innovation act in an inside-out innovation process but the users of the very same resources acted as innovators in an outside-in innovation process. Together this formed a broad societal framework for innovation. For the cocreation of innovations, public sector participation was also found to vary on a passive-active scale, while the external data users as innovators were always actively involved. This study also contributes to business open innovation with its findings of open innovation on a societal level.

  • 19.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Public Sector Open Data: Shaping an arena for innovation and value creation2014Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research initially sprung out of a natural curiosity for the emerging phenomenon of open data with its combination of democratic perspectives, since it is based on freedom of information legislation, and its potential for a multitude of citizen driven innovations. Research showed that while open data repeatedly was being envisioned for having immense potential of leading to a multitude of innovations and societal impacts, most of the attention still remained on challenges related to enable a broad realisation of open data, that is, putting more data on the web. At the same time, research and reports indicated that open data was a more complex matter than expected, and that the release of open data was guarded by myths saying that opening up of data equalled instant benefits from open data use, and that open data initiatives were emerging too slowly. In general, the understanding of how to address open data so that the envisioned innovative potential was enabled remained a pressing issue. Therefore this research set out to explore how the public sector open data phenomenon is being shaped to address societal opportunities and challenges, and thereby enabling both practical and theoretic contributions. The field of Social Shaping of Technology (SST) was chosen as main theoretic lens since it provided good models for approaching technology development and innovation in general, and also includes social and political dimensions without being limited by organisational borders or managerial dimensions. By engaging in a case study of two Swedish municipalities and their respective open data initiatives in combination with a study on European policies and reported open data use, a number of research papers has been written, of which four is included in this thesis.Findings reveal that the highly heterogeneous evolvement of open data can advantageously be seen as shaped into a metaphorical open arena for innovation and value creation, inspired by a SST concept called arenas for development. The arena concept enables us to bring together processes and entities that otherwise are dislocated, and to gain a holistic view of the shaping processes at stake for this yet immature ICT-phenomenon. Also, it allows us to address the evolvement of open data in a way that intertwines with social, political and technical aspects. Within the overall concept of an open arena for innovation and value creation, the research revealed two concepts for understanding how societal challenges and opportunities were addressed with the help of open data; multidirectional and multicentre evolvement, of which the latter is a contribution to SST theory. As a final reflection, this thesis provides some thoughts on future implications and possibilities of the democratic stance of open data.

  • 20.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Relevant Social Groups Within the Open Data Initiative: a matter of intertwining meanings2013In: The 36th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: IRIS 2013: Digital Living, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to explore the attributed meanings about open data displayed by the groups of people involved in the process towards the realization of the open data initiative sprung from the Public Sector Information directive. This is done by performing a case study of two municipalities in Sweden. Findings reveal a world of a large number of relevant social groups that interacts and intertwines in numerous ways and in various contexts, and where development evolves in different directions.

  • 21.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Research proposal: Leveraging regional growth with public sector open data2012In: The 35th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia – IRIS 2012: Designing the Interactive Society, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years, spotlight has landed on the digitally formed ‘open data’ as both a main ingredient of open government (Lathrop et al. 2010) with its focus on transparency and participation (Meijer et al. 2012), and as a mean for forming a new information market and leveraging new digital services (Cox et al. 2003), (Janssen 2011a). This new phenomena has led the public sector into a changed relationship with citizens (Maier-Rabler et al. 2011), and has also opened the door for citizens to interpret the previously closed public sector data into new innovative services and new truths (Margetts 2011). Still it is not yet clear how the relation with citizens as service developers can be made to work, and empirical findings reveal a major uncertainty about this relation and its characteristics.This research proposal sets out to explore the relationship between data owners in public sector and service developers/owner that utilises public sector open data in order to find answers to how this relation can be made to leverage regional growth. Used methods are qualitative case studies of two Swedish municipals, in combination with a netnography study of a citizen initiated discussion forum about public sector open data.

  • 22.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Re-use of open data from public sector: Characterising the phenomena2019In: International Journal of Public Information Systems, ISSN 1653-4360, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current focus on releasing open data from public sector and allowing this data to be a resource in new outputs seems to be hampered in its evolvement. Despite the growing number of open data, re-use of this data is not reaching the expected levels. This paper sets out to increase our understanding of one of the key activities, the re-use of open data, in order to bring clarity into the processes for making open data the valuable resource it is believed to have a potential to. Specifically, this study aims at deriving at a definition of the yet blurry concept of open data re-use, and by doing so, contributes to form a foundation for future research on open data re-use.

    By undertaking a literature review; current policies in Europe where analysed, three research streams on open data re-use were identified, the scope and boundaries of re-use as an activity well as the re-users of open data were investigated, before a definition finally were derived through a discussion. At the end, reflections on future research based on findings in the discussions are made to further excel our scholarly understanding of open data re-use and the long-term effects of it. 

  • 23.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The contradicting view about user groups relation to innovation: the European open data case2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study set out to investigate how user groups and their relation to impactswithin open data phenomena were being portrayed in two levels of official EU documents; policy documents and a set of topic reports. Specifically, we also searched for implications thereof on the believed scene for open data based innovations. Findings reveal highly contradicting views of user groups, where the policy documents mainly explicitly acknowledged user groups belonging to the ICT sector and drawing on economic values. The topic reports on the other hand presented a much more diverse picture of open data users, as ranging from various sectors and with a broader engagement in the realisation process thanmere re-use. These differences were seen to be fuelled by myths about new ICT at the policy level, which also infused a range of possible implications for a future innovation scene based on open data re-use. In particular, possible implications were found in four areas; 1) what user groups were acknowledged, 2) what parts of the realisation process users engaged in, 3) what skills where deemed important, and, 4) what impact user groups were aiming for. Also, this provides implications for how open data success is measured and evaluated.

  • 24.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Open data in Europe: mapping user groups to future innovation impacts2014In: IRIS: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsson; Jacob Nørbjerg; Jan Pries-Heje, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) , 2014, p. 160-176Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to advance our understanding of how re-users are being portrayed in policy documents and in a set of topic reports. Drawing on user innovation theories, implications are discussed for the future innovation scene and its main identified user groups: companies and developers, researchers, journalists and non-governmental organisations. Findings reveal differences between the two types of documents, both in relation to the user groups presented and their role in the value chain. While the policy documents mainly acknowledged user groups belonging to the ICT sector and emphasised economic values, the topic reports presented a much more diverse and heterogeneous view of open data users; revealing that there is no ‘one’ user group and impact’, rather, outcomes such as service innovation were related to all user groups. In particular, possible implications for innovation were related to three areas: 1) which re-user groups are acknowledged in the selected policy documents and topic reports?, 2) where in the data value chain are the different re-users placed and what value are they expected to generate?, 3) how might the current way of portraying re-users in policy documents and topic reports influence the shaping of the emerging open data innovation scene? For conclusion, this paper points to the identified simplistic view of user group’s relation to innovation in the policy documents as a possible hindrance for obtaining a broad innovation scene where heterogeneous innovations can emerge.

  • 25.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Shaping local open data initiatives: politics and implications2014In: Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, ISSN 0718-1876, E-ISSN 0718-1876, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 17-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores different perspectives attributed to the open data initiatives and how these perspectives shape the opening-up process. A socio-technical lens, the social construction of technology, was used to analyse a qualitative cross-case study of two Swedish municipalities. Findings revealed two ways of interpreting open data initiatives: 1) as a platform for techno-economic growth and 2) as a platform for co-created societal growth. These two approaches addressed the municipalities respective contextual challenges and interests alongside national recommendations in their aims to realize the open data initiative. In doing so, they diverged into the evolvement toward two different ends: the realization of open data and the realization of open government. To excel the understanding of actions taken to meet these ends, an additional set of differences between these municipalities is provided within a sociotechnical framework that allows us to discuss diverging evolvements of open data initiatives based on agreed and non-agreed interpretations of what is believed to be constructed.

  • 26.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Runardotter, Mari
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Relevant social groups for open data use and engagement2019In: Government Information Quarterly, ISSN 0740-624X, E-ISSN 1872-9517, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 98-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The opening up of public sector data has provided a new data resource for the citizens. However, the use of open data and its consequent societal value has proved not to be as extensive as initially hoped for, although multiple innovations have emerged; rather it is still considered problematic, and knowledge about open data use is scarce. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to clarify open data use and engagement by people outside the public sector, especially what motives exists and how different user types align to these motives. To achieve this, a document analysis has been carried out of reported use cases identified in EU topic reports between 2014 and 2016. By applying the theory of Relevant Social Groups (RSG), which focuses on the people's interpretation of the purpose with the technology, we identified five RSGs representing overall motives for open data use: 1) Exploring for creativity, 2) Creating business value, 3) Enabling local citizen value, 4) Addressing global societal challenges, and 5) Advocating the open data agenda. We also discuss differences between the relevant social groups and the included user types, issues and implications for understanding the evolvement of the open data field, and suggests research ahead.

  • 27.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Leveraging Living Lab Innovation Processes through Crowdsourcing2015In: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 5, no 12, p. 28-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the globe, crowdsourcing initiatives are emerging and contributing in a diversity of areas, such as in crisis management and product development and to carry out micro-tasks such as translations and transcriptions. The essence of crowdsourcing is to acknowledge that not all the talented people work for you; hence, crowdsourcing brings more perspectives, insights, and visions to, for instance, an innovation process. In this article, we analyze how crowdsourcing can contribute to the different stages of innovation processes carried out in living labs and thus contribute to living labs by strengthening their core role as innovation process facilitators. We have also identified benefits and challenges that need to be grappled with for managers of living labs to make it possible for the crowd to fully support their cause.

  • 28.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Project: IoT Lab - Researching crowdsourcing to extend IoT testbed infrastructure for multidisciplinary experiments, with more end-user interactions, flexibility, scalability, cost efficiency and societal added value2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    From DOW: "IoT Lab is a research project exploring the potential of crowdsourcing to extend IoT testbed infrastructure for multidisciplinary experiments with more end-user interactions. It will research and develop:1. Crowdsourcing mechanisms and tools enabling testbeds to use third parties resources (such as mobile phones), and to interact with distributed users (the crowd). The crowdsourcing enablers will address issues suchas privacy by design, identity management, security, reputation mechanisms, and data ownership.2. Virtualization of crowdsourcing and testbed components by using a meta-layer with an open interface, facilitating the integration and interaction with heterogeneous components. It should ease data integration and reduce the cost of deployment in real environment.3. Ubiquitous Interconnection and Cloudification of the testbeds resources. It will research the potential of IPv6 and network virtualization to interconnect heterogeneous and distributed resources through a Virtual IoT Networkand will integrate them into the Cloud to provide an on-line platform of crowdsourcing Testbed as a Service (TBaaS) available to the research community.4. End-user and societal value creation by analyzing the potential end-users and crowdsourcing participants to propose an optimized model for end-user adoption and societal value creation.5. “Crowdsourcing-driven research” as a new model in which the research can be initiated, guided and assessed by the crowd. It will compare it to other models.6. Economic dimension of crowdsourcing testbed, by analyzing the potential markets and business models able to monetize the provided resources with adequate incentives, in order to optimize the exploitation, costs, profitability and economic sustainability of such testbeds. It will also develop tools for future experiments.7. Performing multidisciplinary experiments, including end-user driven experiments through crowdsourcing, to assess the added value of such approach."

  • 29.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Yliniemi, Kimmo
    Gylling, Arne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Waara, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Energy savings by user interaction and visualisation2012In: The 35th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia – IRIS 2012: Designing the Interactive Society, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental issues are a reoccurring discussion topic among politicians, researchers and citizens all around the world. Climate changes and pollution are both important issues that need to be dealt with to slow down their impact. Within the IS area, the acknowledgement of these issues has been slow, and it is now time to start contributing. In this paper an illustration of an approach to user interaction for energy saving is given. We present a research project in which a visual energy information system has been co-created and installed in an elementary school. The effects of the system on the pupils and staff energy consumption behaviour are evident. The school have save approximately 20% on lightning in their classrooms. Based on the pupil’s feedback during the project, we present five factors that are important to consider when designing energy visualisations.

1 - 29 of 29
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