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  • 1. Bergström, Max
    Industrialised timber frame housing: managing customisation, change, and information2004Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis is to develop an increased understanding of industrialised timber frame housing (timber frame housing construction fully or partially conducted in a controlled environment utilising industrial processes and machinery). Of specific interest is how industrialised timber frame housing companies manage customisation, change, and information. Three single case studies (at a medium-sized industrialised timber frame housing company), one multiple-case study, and one survey were conducted. The first single case study investigates how production can benefit from integrating a customer-oriented design and production. The second single case study illustrates the shift towards an enterprise resource planning (ERP) approach through a change process. The third single case study describes the ERP system implementation. The multiple-case study investigates the prospects and pitfalls among four small and medium-sized industrialised timber frame housing companies that manufacture complex products utilising advanced prefabrication. The survey, conducted among the vast majority of industrialised timber frame housing companies in Sweden, presents the industry structure and investigates the benefits and disadvantages of ERP. The results demonstrate that matching customer requirements and an industrialised building system is facilitated through product and process development. Other findings suggest that ERP can meet the needs of industrialised timber frame housing, promote an organisation to be re- engineered through comprehensive change, and act as a driver for a more efficient internal and external supply chain. However, a lack of history regarding information technology (IT) systems for production processes and the timing of the system selection in the overall ERP adoption are both critical for the ERP system implementation outcome. With no previous history of IT systems for production processes, an ERP system implementation is a big step even if it is carefully conducted. Industrialised timber frame housing has increased in popularity on the market over the last years. An important reason for this is the increased customer focus. However, blind customer focus leads to poor utilisation of resources. By balancing customer orientation with internal efficiency, achieving an effective construction process seems possible. Communication between different actors in the construction process, finding a reasonable level of customer focus, and capacity limitations are current problem areas with the potential for improvement. Possible ways of improving the construction process are an increased integration between actors, a gradual increase in IT support, and finding the balance between project and process orientation. The survey demonstrates low ERP usage in industrialised timber frame housing with a low degree of strategic importance, while there are operational and managerial benefits. The results also show the potential of the ERP approach for industrialised timber frame housing, while its use is favoured by an increased maturity in IT. The overall results show that customer orientation, change, and information management are important ingredients in industrialised timber frame housing. Customer orientation can act as a driver for change and for improved information management. Changes in business processes are needed to facilitate customisation and information management. Information management has a key role in the entire construction process to facilitate customisation, while the need of efficient information management can act as a driver for change.

  • 2. Bergström, Max
    et al.
    Stehn, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Benefits and disadvantages of ERP in industrialised timber frame housing in Sweden2005In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 23, no 8, p. 831-838Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrialised timber frame housing is successful in the Swedish market for one-family housing. In the manufacturing industry, methods and software systems such as enterprise resource planning (ERP) are widespread, demonstrating significant benefits. A survey of the majority of industrialised timber frame housing companies in Sweden demonstrates low ERP use with a low degree of strategic importance, but with operational and managerial benefits. The ERP approach has potential for industrialised housing and its use is favoured by an increased maturity in IT.

  • 3. Bergström, Max
    et al.
    Stehn, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Ett effektivt stombyggande i trä2005In: Bygg & Teknik, ISSN 0281-658X, no 5, p. 42-44, 46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Industriellt trähusbyggande i Sverige.

  • 4. Bergström, Max
    et al.
    Stehn, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Integrated design and production of multi-storey timber frame houses: production effects caused by customer-oriented design2002In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 77, no 3, p. 259-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results from an ongoing R and D project aiming for an industrialised development of a multi-storey timber frame house system. The development was conducted systematically using methods from concurrent engineering (CE) focusing on the customer satisfaction and production-design problems/possibilities. A Swedish SME building company was investigated from the viewpoint of customer orientation, production and design of multi-storey timber frame houses. The company uses industrial fabrication of volumes. The aim was to analyse how the production can benefit from an integration of a customer-oriented design and production. First, a model based on the QFD method is proposed on how requirements from customers, i.e., tenants, can be taken into account in the design process and how CE can be adapted to a SME design process. Second, a preliminary model is proposed considering disturbances and relative cost effects on the production due to changes in the design solutions. The presented model aims to predict the total cost for a customer affected design on the used building system to forecast the costs for the main contractor and building owner for a similar integrated design in the future. All observations are based on case studies of the design process and the industrialised production of a three-storey timber frame house with three different floor designs.

  • 5. Bergström, Max
    et al.
    Stehn, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Manufacturing resource planning in industrialized timber frame house construction in Sweden2003In: Construction economics and organization: proceedings of the 3rd Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization, 24-24 April 2003, Lund, Sweden / [ed] Bengt Hansson; Anne Landin, Lund: Lund Institute of Technology , 2003, p. 81-90Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6. Bergström, Max
    et al.
    Stehn, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Matching industrialised timber frame housing needs and enterprise resource planning: a change process2005In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 172-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The potential for improvements in industrialised housing through the adoption of concepts like enterprise resource planning (ERP) from the manufacturing industry, as applied to small and medium-sized enterprises, is evaluated in this paper. Four single, consecutive case studies were performed at a Swedish medium-sized industrialised housing company. The findings suggest that ERP can meet industrialised housing needs as well as promote an organisation to be re-engineered through comprehensive change and act as a driver for a more efficient internal and external supply chain.

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