Change search
Refine search result
1 - 15 of 15
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Moe, Carl Erik
    et al.
    Department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand.
    Newman, Mike
    Department of Accounting and Finance, Manchester Business School.
    Sein, Maung K.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    The public procurement of information systems: dialectics in requirements specification2017In: European Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0960-085X, E-ISSN 1476-9344, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 143-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When acquiring information systems, public entities face a dilemma. On the one hand, they want to procure the system that best suits their needs, which often requires lengthy dialogues with vendors. At the same time, they are restricted by government regulations that mandate limited dialogue in the interests of transparency and equal opportunities for all vendors. To examine how public entities deal with this, we followed three procurement projects in Norway. We show that this dilemma manifests itself as a dialectic between the thesis of getting the system requirements right and the antithesis of strictly adhering to regulations. Public entities search for a resolution of this dialectic through two syntheses: selecting an appropriate tendering procedure, and learning how to specify requirements through networks of peer public entities. Our findings reveal that the syntheses are possible because the dialectic is actually complimentary, both the thesis and the antithesis are needed to create the joint outcome that satisfies both. The resolution of the dialectic unfolds differently over time. Our study contributes to the relatively neglected stream of IS research on dialectics that explicitly searches for a synthesis while revealing the complementarity of the dialectic. We show how time plays a nuanced role in the resolution of the dialectic situation.

  • 2.
    Moe, Carl Erik
    et al.
    Department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand.
    Sein, Maung
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Dialectics and contradictions in public procurement of information systems2014In: Electronic Government: 13th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2014, Dublin, Ireland, September 1-3, 2014. Proceedings / [ed] Marijn Janssen ; Hans Jochen Scholl ; Maria A. Wimmer; Frank Bannister, Berlin: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2014, p. 289-300Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public procurement of Information Systems is a highly complex process. Not surprisingly, systems often fail to meet the needs for which they were procured. One of the main causes of this is the contradictions between goals of different stakeholders. Identifying and understanding these conflicts and contradictions are essential to develop strategies to improve the procurement process. In this paper, we present a case study where we examined the procurement process of a system carried out by a public entity in Norway. Using dialectic theory and stakeholder theory as interpreting lenses, we identified a number of conflicts and contradictions. Some of the contradictions resulted from conflicting and divergent goals of the various stakeholders across groups but also within groups, while others resulted from differing goals of policies and regulations.

  • 3.
    Purao, Sandeep
    et al.
    Pennsylvania State University.
    Henfridsson, Ola
    University of Warwick.
    Rossi, Matti
    Aalto University.
    Sein, Maung
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ensemble artifacts: from viewing to designing in action design research2013In: Systems, Signs & Actions, ISSN 1652-8719, E-ISSN 1652-8719, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 73-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Action Design Research (ADR) is a research method for generating design knowledge through building and evaluating ensemble artifacts. In this paper, we respond to Goldkuhl’s critical review of the conceptualization of IT artifact in ADR. In particular, the review problematizes the so-called “conceptual journey” from an ensemble view to ensemble artifact, and suggests that this journey restricts the use of ADR. We recognize Goldkuhl’s critique as a valuableopportunity to clarify our thinking and elaborate the rationale behind ensemble artifact. We maintain that the notion of ensemble artifact in ADR is appropriate because it highlights the forward-looking orientation of designing artifacts and stresses the importance of the context for the evolution and use of the resulting artifact. It stands in contrast to the retrospective orientation of the ensemble view nomenclature from Orlikowski and Iacono that we borrowed and extended for ADR. Finally, we endorse Goldkuhl’s proposed communicative view as auseful addition to the toolkit of ADR researchers who can study the design of communicative tool artifacts.

  • 4.
    Sabo, Oystein
    et al.
    University of Agder.
    Sein, Maung
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Thapa, Devinder
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Nepal Wireless Networking Project: Building infrastructure in the mountains from ground up2014In: Communications of the Association for Information Systems, ISSN 1529-3181, E-ISSN 1529-3181, Vol. 34, article id 11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching cases can be instrumental in developing skills of critical analysis, problem solving and strategic thinking in students, especially in specific contexts such as Information Systems (IS). While cases are widely used in the curricula of graduate and undergraduate programs in developed countries, there is a lack of teaching cases set in developing countries, particularly in the area of information and communication technology for development (ICT4D). In this paper, we address this gap by telling the story of the Nepal Wireless Networking Project (NWNP) and its effort to connect villages in remote areas of Nepal to the outside world. Despite lack of access to proper equipment, lack of technical competence and the difficult terrain in the Himalayan mountains, Mahabir Pun, the initiator of NWNP, succeeded in bringing Internet access to these villages, contributing to improvements in education, health services and income generating activities. The case describes the development of NWNP from inception until today, the stakeholders involved, services provided, current challenges and ideas for future improvements. Furthermore the case illustrates the importance of the champion, the process of committing important stakeholders, the importance of contextual understanding, and the challenges while scaling up from pilot projects to wider implementations in the context of developing countries.

  • 5.
    Sein, Maung K.
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Thapa, Devinder
    Department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Department of Informatics, Örebro University School of Business, Örebro University.
    Sæbø, Øystein
    Department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    A holistic perspective on the theoretical foundations for ICT4D research2019In: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 7-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While many theories have guided research Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D), we are yet to construct a clear and coherent narrative that would help us answer the question of how ICT fosters development in underdeveloped communities. In this paper, we argue that one of the main reasons for this is that our holistic understanding of ICT4D is seldom grounded in theories to understand the core areas that define the field, namely, ICT, Development, and, ‘4’ which are the transformative processes that link the two. Through a brief literature review, we list theories that have informed ICT4D research in each of these areas. We present examples of theories, namely, Capability Approach, Affordances, and Actor-Network Theory together with Social Capital and illustrate how we have used them in our research. Building on this holistic perspective on theoretical foundation, we propose five agendas for ICT4D research.

  • 6.
    Sein, Maung
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Nordheim, Stig
    University of Agder.
    Päivärinta, Tero
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Research-in-progress: reframing a knowledge level framework2012In: SIGMIS-CPR '12: Proceedings of the 50th annual conference on Computers and People Research, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012, p. 31-34Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present a research-in-progress study where we are revisiting a well known knowledge-level framework of understanding (i.e. knowledge) of a system proposed by Olfman et al. (2006). The catalyst for this relook was the anomalies and incongruencies that surfaced when we tried to apply this framework in another study whose aim was to examine how hermeneutic reflection helps in learning. While the framework proved a useful vehicle to carry out hermeneutic analysis, it also proved inadequate in accounting for some significant aspects of what constitutes understanding of a system. A closer look at the data revealed that other theoretical premises could not only provide a better interpretation but also that these premises can potentially enhance the knowledge level framework. We are currently reinterpreting the data using three interpretive lenses, namely, practice lens, socio-materiality and genres. Our goal is to reconceptualize what constitutes understanding or knowledge of a system and propose a revised knowledge level framework.

  • 7.
    Sein, Maung
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Information Systems, Universitetet i Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Rossi, Matti
    Information and Service Management, Aalto-yliopisto kauppakorkeakoulu, Aalto, Finland.
    Elaborating ADR while drifting away from its essence: a commentary on Mullarkey and Hevner2019In: European Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0960-085X, E-ISSN 1476-9344, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 21-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In their insightful critique of Action Design Research, Hevner and Mullarkey (this issue) proposed an enhancement of ADR by juxtaposing concepts from a well cited framework of Design Science Research (DSR) developed by Peffers et al. (2007). In this commentary, we argue that while we agree with some of their elaborations, such as unpacking the specific stages of ADR to make them more transparent and accessible and incorporating formalization of learning in every stage, we also disagree with Hevner and Mullarkey on two key areas. The first is depicting multiple different entry points to an ADR project, which goes against the essential spirit of ADR’s single entry point, problem formulation. More importantly, in juxtaposing the Peffers et al. framework of DSR on to ADR, they are combining two approaches that are epistemologically incommensurate. Peffers et al. take a deductive design approach while ADR employs principally an inductive epistemology by giving primacy to the guided emergence of the artifact. In spite of our disagreements, we conclude that both approaches are premised upon pragmatism where researchers are guided more by utility and usefulness rather than an abstract notion of truth. Our disagreements are essential characteristics of a healthy academic discourse.

  • 8.
    Sein, Maung
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Thapa, Devinder
    University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Social capital in enabling quality health care: The case of a telemedicine project in Nepal2018In: The Electronic Journal of Information Systems (EJISDC), E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 84, article id e12046Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can play a crucial role in meeting multifaceted developmental challenges such as providing access to quality health care in developing countries. Initiatives such as telemedicine have been vital in bringing health care to marginalized groups in remote areas of such countries. While the implementation and effects of telemedicine projects have been studied in the literature, the actual mechanisms and conditions that facilitate the process have seldom been addressed. In this paper, we present an interpretive case study of a telemedicine project in a remote mountainous region of Nepal. Our findings indicate that it was the action of a group of focal actors who leveraged a supportive social capital that resulted in successfully bringing in quality health care to marginalized groups in these remote villages. Our findings reveal social capital as a facilitating condition through which ICT can play a crucial role in meeting developmental challenges such as quality health care.

  • 9.
    Sein, Maung
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Thapa, Devinder
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Säbö, Öystein
    University of Agder.
    Bringing the outside world to the remote mountains: the Nepal wireless networking project2012In: Thirty Third International Conference on Information Systems, Orlando 2012, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) , 2012, p. 1-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This teaching case presents the story of the Nepal Wireless Networking Project (NWNP) and its effort to connect villages in remote areas of Nepal to the outside world. Despite lack of access to proper equipment, the fact that it was illegal to install wireless network, lack of technical competence and the difficult terrain in the Himalayan mountains, Mahabir Pun, the initiator of NWNP, suceeded in bringing Internet access to these villages which led to improvement in education, health services and income-generating activities. The case describes the development of NWNP from inception to today, the stakeholders involved, services provided, current challenges and ideas for future improvements. It illustrates the importance of the champion, the process to get stakeholders commitments, the importance of contextual understanding, and the challenges of scaling up from pilot projects to wider implementations in the context of developing countries.

  • 10.
    Thapa, Devinder
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Sein, Maung
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering.
    Building educational capabilities through Information Technology in Developing Countries: It Takes a Village2014In: SIGSIM-CPR '14: Proceedings of the 52nd ACM conference on Computers and people research, New York: ACM Digital Library, 2014, p. 39-41Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is one aspect of globalization of IT work that appears only in fleeting glimpses in the mainstream IS literature and is sidelined in the discourse in general. If global IT work is painted mainly as outsourcing IT-infused work from developed countries to poorer countries (euphemistically referred to as “low income countries”), shouldn’t the development of capabilities in these very same less-developed countries be a vital cog? Simply put, if these countries do not have a capable workforce, IT work, or any other work for that matter, cannot be outsourced to these countries. The question then is how can capabilities be developed in developing countries? In this research-in-progress paper, we address this question by examining a case of an activist-led initiative in Nepal called “Open Learning Exchange” (OLE in short) that used the capabilities of ICTs to deliver quality education to remote mountainous regions of Nepal. We collected data through interviews and group sessions as well as observations and document analyses. We are currently analyzing the data at both the micro and macro levels. At the micro level, we are using models from the IS training literature to gain an understanding of how training concepts developed in the West can explain the success of the initiative. Then we move to the macro level by shifting our interpretive gaze to the concept of “eco-system” in order to understand the role of the society and the surroundings in the implementation of capability building initiatives in developing countries and sustaining them.

  • 11.
    Thapa, Devinder
    et al.
    Department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Sein, Maung K.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Trajectory of Affordances: Insights from a case of telemedicine in Nepal2018In: Information Systems Journal, ISSN 1350-1917, E-ISSN 1365-2575, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 796-817Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although Affordance Theory has become increasingly influential in the Information Systems (IS) literature, the exact process through which the affordances of IT are actualised is less studied. In this paper, we build on a realist ontology of affordance and an interpretive epistemology of how affordances are perceived and actualised to trace the process of actualisation. On the basis of insights drawn from a case study of a telemedicine project in a remote mountainous region of Nepal, we develop a concept, which we call the “Trajectory of Affordances.” Trajectory of Affordances captures the complex relations between affordances of IT and the role of goal-oriented actors who perceive and then play a vital role in actualising them, using capabilities that are enabled by facilitating conditions to take the necessary action. Trajectory of Affordances shows that the affordances of IT can travel from perception to actualisation through multiple paths, sometimes clustering together, and in the process, often lead to the emergence of new affordances.

  • 12.
    Wahid, Fathul
    et al.
    University of Agder.
    Sein, Maung
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Institutional entrepreneurs: the driving force in institutionalization of public systems in developing countries2013In: Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, ISSN 1750-6166, E-ISSN 1750-6174, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 76-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – While institutional theory is used widely in the information system (IS) literature to study implementation of systems, the actual process of institutionalization has received less attention. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap in the literature by using three concepts drawn from the theory, namely, institutional isomorphism, institutional logic and institutional entrepreneurship, and the interplay between them to explore the role of the dominant institutional entrepreneur in the institutionalization of a public system, as an instance of e-government initiatives. Design/methodology/approach – In an interpretive case study, this study examined the institutionalization process of an e-procurement system over a four-year period (2007-2011) in the Indonesian city of Yogyakarta.Findings – This study reveals that different institutional isomorphism mechanisms emerge during the process and institutional logics evolve over time. More interestingly, it uncovers the dominant role of an institutional entrepreneur, the city’s mayor, who mobilized resources and support to drive the institutionalization process. At the beginning stage, institutionalization is best described as a process of instilling values, cultivated by the mayor, followed by a process of creating reality through a typification process, whereby the e-procurement system is embedded in the existing practices and institutionalized.Research limitations/implications – As an interpretive study, the findings are generalized to theoretical concepts rather than the population. The interrelationship between the three concepts of institutional theory represents plausible rather than deterministic links. It also offers practical insights, such as e-procurement implementation strategy. Originality/value – This paper goes beyond simply using institutional theory as an interpretive lens by examining the interrelationship between the mechanisms of institutionalization. It shows that the main catalyst of the institutionalization process is the institutional entrepreneur who managed the institutional isomorphism and was instrumental in changing the institutional logic. It also presents lessons from a successful case where corrupt practices were highly institutionalized at the beginning but were decreased through the system.

  • 13.
    Wahid, Fathul
    et al.
    Islamic University of Indonesia.
    Sein, Maung
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Steering institutionalization through institutional work: the case of an eProcurement system in Indonesian local government2014In: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, ISSN 1530-1605, p. 4264-4274, article id 6759129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Corruption is arguably one of the main hindrances to development. In their effort to combat corruption, governments in developing countries turn to information technology to enhance transparency in decision making. However, implementation of an information system in this context is not straightforward. Premised upon institutional theory, this interpretive case study traces the role of institutional actors in the institutionalization of an eProcurement system in Indonesian local government. It draws on different streams of research on institutional work to develop an interpretive lens to understand what institutional actors do to steer the institutionalization process. It identifies a set of institutional work carried out by them in disrupting the old institution, and, creating and maintaining the new one. The findings give a better understanding of the institutionalization process. It provides a fine-grained conceptualization of forms of institutional work, and its constituent dimensions.

  • 14.
    Westin, Soffi
    et al.
    University of Agder.
    Sein, Maung
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Improving data quality in construction engineering projects: an action design research approach2014In: Journal of Management in Engineering, ISSN 0742-597X, E-ISSN 1943-5479, Vol. 30, no 3, article id 5014003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of data and information quality (DQ/IQ) is a longstanding issue of interest in both academia and practice in the construction engineering field. Poor DQ/IQ has led to poor engineering drawings that, in turn, have led to delays and eventuality to cost overruns. In this paper, we report a study that took an Action Design Research (ADR) approach to develop and evaluate a DQ/IQ assessment tool, which we call Information Quality System (IQS), in a large global engineering and construction company. The evaluation was performed by comparing the level of DQ/IQ in a project that used IQS with two projects that did not use the tool. The result is encouraging: the DQ/IQ in the project using IQS was significantly higher overall than in the two other projects. The implication is that a tool based on the design principles on which IQS was built is likely to help improve DQ/IQ in engineering systems and, hence, in engineering drawings. Consequently, it will decrease project delays and cost overruns. More generally, our paper adds to the discourse in the literature on the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the construction context. Our paper illustrates another successful application of action-oriented research that can solve practical problems while generating academic knowledge. In taking a design approach, we augment the literature on the use of action research in construction engineering and management.

  • 15.
    Westin, Soffi
    et al.
    University of Agder.
    Sein, Maung
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    The Design and Emergence of a Data/Information Quality System2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0905-0167, E-ISSN 1901-0990, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 3-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poor data and information quality (DQ/IQ) has remained a consistent problem plaguing both the practitioner and academic communities in Information Systems (IS). The consequences of poor DQ/IQ is particularly severe in Construction Engineering, and the field lacks sufficient DQ/IQ assessment frameworks and tools. To address this shortcoming, we applied an action design research (ADR) approach to develop and implement a DQ/IQ assessment tool called Information Quality System (IQS). The multi-year research project took place in a European construction engineering company, and lasted from 2007 to 2012. We drew upon insights from the literature on DQ/IQ assessment and related challenges in construction engineering, as well as practical lessons learned from managing DQ/IQ in the target organization. Through our research, we develop a set of design principles for meeting DQ/IQ challenges.

1 - 15 of 15
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf