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  • 1.
    Ahlmark, Daniel Innala
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Prellwitz, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Röding, Jenny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Hyyppä, Kalevi
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    An Initial Field Trial of a Haptic Navigation System for Persons with a Visual Impairment2015Inngår i: Journal of Assistive Technologies, ISSN 1754-9450, E-ISSN 2042-8723, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 199-206Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to describe conceptions of feasibility of a haptic navigation system for persons with a visual impairment (VI). Design/methodology/approach– Six persons with a VI who were white cane users were tasked with traversing a predetermined route in a corridor environment using the haptic navigation system. To see whether white cane experience translated to using the system, the participants received no prior training. The procedures were video-recorded, and the participants were interviewed about their conceptions of using the system. The interviews were analyzed using content analysis, where inductively generated codes that emerged from the data were clustered together and formulated into categories. Findings– The participants quickly figured out how to use the system, and soon adopted their own usage technique. Despite this, locating objects was difficult. The interviews highlighted the desire to be able to feel at a distance, with several scenarios presented to illustrate current problems. The participants noted that their previous white cane experience helped, but that it nevertheless would take a lot of practice to master using this system. The potential for the device to increase security in unfamiliar environments was mentioned. Practical problems with the prototype were also discussed, notably the lack of auditory feedback. Originality/value– One novel aspect of this field trial is the way it was carried out. Prior training was intentionally not provided, which means that the findings reflect immediate user experiences. The findings confirm the value of being able to perceive things beyond the range of the white cane; at the same time, the participants expressed concerns about that ability. Another key feature is that the prototype should be seen as a navigation aid rather than an obstacle avoidance device, despite the interaction similarities with the white cane. As such, the intent is not to replace the white cane as a primary means of detecting obstacles.

  • 2.
    Ahlmark, Daniel Innala
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Prellwitz, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Röding, Jenny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Hyyppä, Kalevi
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Virtuell vit käpp för den seende rullstolen2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    Sunderby sjukhus, Sjukgymnastiken.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Röding, Jenny
    The perception of physical therapy on distance for patients with renal disease: a pilot study2003Inngår i: Abstractbok för sjukgymnastdagarna 2003, Stockholm: Legitimerade sjukgymnasters riksförbund , 2003, s. 49-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Hyyppä, Kalevi
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Fredriksson, Håkan
    Innala Ahlmark, Daniel
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Prellwitz, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Röding, Jenny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Projekt: Seende rullstol2012Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet syftar till att göra det möjligt för personer med funktionsnedsättning, som inte själva har full förmåga att styra en rullstol, att ändå nyttja den. Sensorer på rullstolen upptäcker automatiskt hinder i omgivningen och ger därmed den rörelsehindrade hjälp med styrningen.En virtuell blindkäpp som består av en haptisk robotarm kopplad till en laser som mäter avstånd till föremål i omgivningen har även tagits fram. Utifrån informationen skapas en 3D-bild som brukaren av den virtuella blindkäppen kan känna på med robotarmen.Fortsatt forskning kommer att fokusera på den virtuella vita käppen som kommer att ha en mycket längre räckvidd än en vanlig vit käpp. Vi avser att göra den handhållen så att rullstolen inte behövs som bärare av laserskanner och haptisk robot. En mycket viktig del i vår forskning är att åstadkomma en bra användarupplevelse. Synskadade, som har stor erfarenhet av den vanlig vita käppen, skall snabbt lära sig att använda den virtuella vita käppen.

  • 5.
    Johansson Strandkvist, Viktor
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Backman, Helena
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, The Obstructive Lung disease in Northern Sweden Unit, Umeå University.
    Röding, Jenny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Stridsman, Caroline
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Lindberg, Anne
    Division of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University.
    Hand grip strength is associated with forced expiratory volume in 1 second among subjects with COPD: report from a population-based cohort study.2016Inngår i: The International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, ISSN 1176-9106, E-ISSN 1178-2005, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 2527-2534Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases and skeletal muscle dysfunction are common comorbidities in COPD. Hand grip strength (HGS) is related to general muscle strength and is associated with cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, while the results from small selected COPD populations are contradictory. The aim of this population-based study was to compare HGS among the subjects with and without COPD, to evaluate HGS in relation to COPD severity, and to evaluate the impact of heart disease.

    SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the Obstructive Lung disease in Northern Sweden COPD study, where the subjects with and without COPD have been invited to annual examinations since 2005. In 2009-2010, 441 subjects with COPD (postbronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1]/vital capacity <0.70) and 570 without COPD participated in structured interviews, spirometry, and measurements of HGS.

    RESULTS: The mean HGS was similar when comparing subjects with and without COPD, but those with heart disease had lower HGS than those without. When compared by Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) grades, the subjects with GOLD 3-4 had lower HGS than those without COPD in both sexes (females 21.4 kg vs 26.9 kg, P=0.010; males 41.5 kg vs 46.3 kg, P=0.038), and the difference persisted also when adjusted for confounders. Among the subjects with COPD, HGS was associated with FEV1% of predicted value but not heart disease when adjusted for height, age, sex, and smoking habits, and the pattern was similar among males and females.

    CONCLUSION: In this population-based study, the subjects with GOLD 3-4 had lower HGS than the subjects without COPD. Among those with COPD, HGS was associated with FEV1% of predicted value but not heart disease, and the pattern was similar in both sexes.

  • 6.
    Johansson Strandkvist, Viktor
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering. OLIN-studierna.
    Backman, Helena
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, The OLIN Unit, Umeå University.
    Röding, Jenny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Stridsman, Caroline
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Lindberg, Anne
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Division of Medicine/the OLIN unit, Umeå University.
    Impact of heart disease on hand grip strength in COPD: epidemiological data2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hand grip strength (HGS) and heart disease (HD) are related to mortality. Peripheral muscle dysfunction and HD are both frequently observed among subjects with COPD, but the relationship between HGS and HD in COPD is unclear.

    Aim: To evaluate HGS and the impact of HD among subjects with and without COPD.Methods: Data was collected from the OLIN (Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden) COPD study, where subjects with COPD have been invited to annual examinations since 2005 together with age- and sex-matched subjects without COPD. During 2009, 441 subjects with COPD and 570 without COPD participated in examinations including structured interviews, spirometry and measurements of HGS. COPD was defined as post-bronchodilator FEV1/VC<0.70.

    Results: Both among subjects with and without COPD, and in both sexes, those with HD had significantly lower HGS. The proportion of subjects below estimated normal value for HGS was similar in subjects with and without COPD and in both sexes; among women (35.4 vs. 33.4%, p=0.714) and men (19.1 vs 15.9%, p=0.315). In a linear regression model among subjects with COPD only, HGS was significantly associated with age, beta coefficient (B) = -0.46 (p<0.001), sex, B=19.85 (p<0.001) and FEV1 % of predicted normal value, B=0.06 (p=0.007), but not with HD or smoking habits. When a similar model was estimated among subjects without COPD, HGS was only associated with age and sex.

    Conclusions: In this population-based study, subjects with heart disease had lower hand grip strength regardless if they had COPD or not. Among COPD subjects, hand grip strength was associated with age, sex and FEV1, but not with heart disease.

  • 7.
    Lindström, Britta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Röding, Jenny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Sundelin, Gunnevi
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Positive attitudes and preserved high level of motor performance are important factors for return to work in younger persons after stroke: a national survey2009Inngår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 41, nr 9, s. 714-718Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Significant numbers of younger persons with stroke should be given the opportunity to return to work. The aim of this study was to investigate factors of importance for return to work among persons after first ever stroke, in the age range 18-55 years. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to all persons who had experienced a first ever stroke, 18-55 years of age, registered in the Swedish national quality register for stroke care, Riks-Stroke. Of the 1068 who answered the questionnaire, 855 (539 men and 316 women) were in paid employment before their stroke, and were included in this study. Results:Sixty-five percent returned to work and, of these, an equal proportion were men and women. Significant factors associated with return to work were the perceived importance of work (odds ratio (OR) 5.10), not perceiving themselves as a burden on others (OR 3.33), support from others for return to work (OR 3.66), retaining the ability to run a short distance (OR 2.77), and higher socioeconomic codes (OR 2.12). A negative association was found between those rehabilitated in wards intended for younger persons and return to work (OR 0.37). Conclusion: External support from others, and positive attitudes towards return to work, were factors associated with successful return to work after stroke. Contrary to what was expected, independence in personal activities of daily living and cognitive factors were not associated with return to work to the same extent as persistent higher level of physical functions, such as ability to run a short distance.

  • 8.
    Röding, Jenny
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Glader, Eva-Lotta
    Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Umeå University.
    Malm, Jan
    Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Umeå University.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå university.
    Lindström, Britta
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Perceived impaired physical and cognitive functions after stroke in men and women between 18 and 55 years of age: a national survey2009Inngår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, nr 13, s. 1092-1099Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. We describe self-reported consequences for physical and cognitive functions, detect possible gender differences, and find factors that were associated with deteriorated physical function in younger stroke patients, independent in their personal activities of daily life. Methods. This study involved all first ever stroke patients, aged 18-55 years, registered in the Swedish national quality register for stroke. A questionnaire was answered by 1068 patients 8-36 months after the stroke. Changes were sought in physical and cognitive functions as compared with the pre-stroke condition. Results. Eight hundred and sixty-seven patients (83%) were independent in personal activities of daily life. Significant differences between men and women were found: deteriorated physical ability was reported by 56-71% of the men and 65-79% of the women; deteriorated cognitive function was reported by 48-57% of the men and 57-68% of the women. Many patients (70% men, 77% women) reported that they had received insufficient information about physical exertion. Significant associations were found between deteriorated physical function and deteriorated cognitive function as well as fear of physical exertion. Conclusions. Deterioration was found in physical and cognitive functions greater in women then in men. Insecurity regarding physical exertion existed indicating that younger stroke patients might need information directly aimed at physical functioning and more gender specific than today. This study has raised the awareness that there also might be gender differences in other fields, which needs further studies.

  • 9.
    Röding, Jenny
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Glader, Eva-Lotta
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå university.
    Malm, Jan
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Umeå University.
    Lindström, Britta
    Department of Community Medicine, Umeå university.
    Life satisfaction in younger individuals after stroke: different predisposing factors among men and women2010Inngår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 42, nr 2, s. 155-161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECT: To describe self-reported life satisfaction of younger persons after stroke and to investigate differences between men and women and factors associated with life satisfaction. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Subjects were all persons after stroke, aged 18-55 years, registered in the Swedish National Quality Register for Stroke Care. A questionnaire was completed by 1068 individuals 8-36 months after stroke. Perceived Life Satisfaction was measured with LiSat-9. RESULTS: Less than half of the participants were satisfied with life as a whole. For women, significant associations were found between not being satisfied with life as a whole and haemorrhage (odds ratio (OR) 4.00) as well as a deteriorated ability to concentrate (OR 2.11). For men, significant associations were found to be not having a significant other (OR 3.17), not working (OR 2.26) and deteriorated ability to concentrate (OR 2.04). CONCLUSION: There were different factors for being satisfied with life as a whole between men and women, indicating a need for a more gender-specific rehabilitation than is currently used. The impact that deteriorated ability to concentrate has on life satisfaction is an important finding that needs to be considered in the rehabilitation process of younger patients after stroke.

  • 10.
    Röding, Jenny
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lindström, Britta
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Stroke bland yngre: en kartläggning av fysisk och kognitiv funktion2005Inngår i: Abstractbok från Sjukgymnastdagarna 2005, Stockholm: Legitimerade sjukgymnasters riksförbund , 2005, s. 10-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Röding, Jenny
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lindström, Britta
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin, Avdelningen för Sjukgymnastik.
    Glader, Eva-Lotta
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Folkhälsa och Klinisk Medicin.
    Malm, Jan
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Farmakologi och Klinisk Neurovetenskap.
    Stroke bland yngre: fysiska och kognitiva funktioner : skillnader mellan män och kvinnor2007Inngår i: Abstraktbok för sjukgymnastdagarna 2007, Stockholm: LSR , 2007, s. 34-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12. Röding, Jenny
    et al.
    Lindström, Britta
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Malm, Jan
    Umeå University, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Frustrated and invisible: younger stroke patients' experiences of the rehabilitation process2003Inngår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 25, nr 15, s. 867-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: This study aimed to get knowledge of the younger stroke patient's viewpoint and to describe how young stroke patients experience the rehabilitation process. The purpose was also to develop hypotheses about the relationship between young stroke patients and the rehabilitation process. METHOD: Thematised in-depth interviews were performed with two women and three men who suffered from stroke (37 - 54 years). The analysis used was the Grounded Theory method of constant comparison. RESULTS: The analyses resulted in the core category 'Frustration' which was derived from the categories labelled 'The paralysed everyday' and 'Outside and invisible'. 'The paralysed everyday' category involved different aspects of everyday life after a stroke. Because of their fatigue they were unable to work and their family and social life were negatively affected. They found it difficult to engage in daily life activities and felt indifferent. The three women expressed frustration over the demands they experienced as being mothers and housekeepers, whereas the two men emphasised economic responsibility of the family as problematic. The category 'Outside and invisible' describes the lack of participation the informants experienced regarding the rehabilitation process. The informants felt they lacked information and age-adapted interventions. Their needs were not provided for and they felt distant from the other patients. Their remaining symptoms were probably on a cognitive basis and therefore invisible. This was a source of frustration. CONCLUSION: The hypotheses generated indicated that young stroke patients are frustrated and invisible due to the fact that the rehabilitation setting does not acknowledge the different needs of young stroke patients compared with older patients.

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