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  • 1.
    Uusitalo, Petri
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Stehn, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Brege, Staffan
    Linköping University IEI (Institutionen för Ekonomisk och Industriell Utveckling) Department of Management and Engineering.
    Wernicke, Brian
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Reciprocal dynamic effectiveness for industrialized house builder2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve competitive advantage, companies have different capabilities that supports a reciprocal and dynamic effectiveness way of operating. This research aim to extend theory about business models and get deeper understanding on how industrialized house building coordination takes place and the dynamic aspects of the coordination. It was conducted as case study, using two deliberately different industrialized house building companies. The results indicates processes links to reciprocal dynamic effectiveness here are complex, no single answer as for how reciprocal dynamic effectiveness in IHB can be described, due to because its complexity. The empirical data, implies that if a company takes active actions in jointly inall  all four dimensions in the model must be considered. The theoretical contribution lies in the definition of reciprocal and dynamic effectiveness needed to maintain a viable business model

  • 2.
    Wernicke, Brian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Lidelöw, Helena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Foundation for Balancing Resources and Flow Efficiency in Industrialized Construction2017In: ICCREM 2016: BIM Application and Offsite Construction - Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management 2016 / [ed] Wang Y.,Al-Hussein M.,Shen G.Q.P.,Zhu Y., Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2017, p. 103-110Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Construction companies traditionally try to optimize their resource efficiency to minimize costs. Today's demand for value stream optimization along the whole supply chain cannot be resolved by that approach. To be able to strengthen the performance of the fragmented construction, supply chain measuring flow efficiency is essential to meet the customer's demand of shorter lead times. A literature study and an exploratory case study on a construction company and its supplier have been done to map existing key performance indicators (KPIs) for measuring both resource and flow efficiency. The outcomes from the literature study show possible KPIs and the connections between them. Results from the case study indicate that basic data for flow efficiency measurements exist in companies but these are underutilized. Balancing resource and flow efficiency is a challenge for all companies. Decisions made on how to manage production and construction affect this balance, thus creating a dynamic situation where the balance is different between building projects.

  • 3.
    Wernicke, Brian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Lidelöw, Helena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction. Lindbäcks bygg.
    Simu, Kajsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Flow Dimensions at Swedish Construction Contractors2019In: Lean Construction Journal, ISSN 1555-1369, E-ISSN 1555-1369, Vol. 2019, p. 24-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research Question: How do different flow dimensions and their interrelations appear in Swedish construction settings?

    Purpose: To contribute to the ongoing discussion on flow in construction by providing empirical data to a proposed flow model and widening the current understanding within Lean Construction with theory from industrialized construction and operations management.

    Research Design: Transcriptions of nine in-depth interviews with managers at different Swedish contractors were utilized to identify different flow dimensions.

    Findings: Results show different patterns which describe contractors’ focus on different flow dimensions.

    Limitations: The study is performed in Swedish construction companies with limited generalizability to construction in general. Data collection based on interviews might struggle with objectivity and multi-case studies do not coincide with in-depth research in each single case.

    Implications: Different flow dimensions are relevant within construction contractors and should be addressed by either management activities or an operations strategy.

    Value for practitioners: Increased understanding of flow in construction based on empirical data enables management of different flow dimensions to evolve contractors’ operations strategies towards Lean Construction or industrialized construction.

  • 4.
    Wernicke, Brian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Lidelöw, Helena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Stehn, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Flow and resource efficiency measurement method in off-site production2017In: IGLC 2017: Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction 2017 / [ed] Brilakis I.,Walsh K.,Sacks R., The International Group for Lean Construction , 2017, p. 861-868Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the focus remains primarily on high resource efficiency, the significance of flow efficiency in construction is continuously increasing. Flow and resource efficiency describe two competing target viewpoints, which focus on reducing non-value adding activities and maximizing resource utilization, respectively. Recent research has shown that balancing both perspectives provides a viable solution. However, the exact measurement of flow and resource efficiency in construction remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of this work is to evaluate a possible flow and resource efficiency measurement method in the off-site production context of volumetric element construction, and assess the industrial relevance thereof. Work sampling has been used to collect data from a building project flowing through the off-site production system. The validity of the method has been checked statistically, through a focus-group workshop and with calculation figures from the case company. Work sampling allows flow and resource efficiency measurements in an off-site production system. The method delivers current status figures of companies, yielding a balance between flow and resource efficiency.

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