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  • 1.
    Pericault, Youen
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Shallow co-location of water, sewer and district heating pipes: Applicability in cold climate regions2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Pericault, Youen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Bruaset, Stian
    Institutt for bygg- og miljøteknikk , NTNU.
    Ugarelli, Rita
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, NTNU.
    Saegrov, Sveinung
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, NTNU.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Hedström, Annelie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Coordinated long term planning of sewer and water mains rehabilitation2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Long term planning methodologies for sewer and water mains rehabilitation play a key role in water infrastructure asset management by enabling modelling the influence of renewal strategies on various sustainability indicators. Long term rehabilitation scenarios defining annual replacement rates are typically compared in order to choose the best strategy for the sewer and drinking water network, separately. Another important factor for long term rehabilitation planning is the share of replacement work that will be coordinated with other infrastructures (e.g. water network for the sewer network and vice versa, roads, etc.). This reduces linear replacement costs but also shortens the service life of pipes replaced for coordination reason. The paper proposes an integrated methodology to evaluate the impact of different coordination strategies on future replacement costs for water and sewer networks renewal. The method is applied on a newly built residential area in the town of Gällivare in Sweden.

  • 3.
    Pericault, Youen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Bruaset, Stian
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Ugarelli, Rita
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Hedström, Annelie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Correcting for the impact of past coordination on the estimation of pipe cohorts survival functions2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Pericault, Youen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Hedström, Annelie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Dahl, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Vesterlund, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Olsson, Göran
    Elgocell AB.
    District heat tracing of water and sewer lines in Kiruna, Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 5.
    Pericault, Youen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Kärrman, Erik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, 11894 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Hedström, Annelie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Data supporting the life cycle impact assessment and cost evaluation of technical alternatives for providing water and heating services to a suburban development in Gällivare Sweden2018In: Data in Brief, E-ISSN 2352-3409, Vol. 21, p. 1204-1208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents input data that were used in Pericault et al. (2018) for life cycle impact assessment and total cost assessment of five technical alternatives for heat and water services provision in a suburban development in Sweden. The data consists of a list of environmental impacts (cumulative exergy demand of energy carriers – CExDe, global warming potential – GWP, abiotic depletion potential of elements – ADPE), costs, amortisation periods, lifetimes and output flows of the system processes composing the alternatives. The data was derived from values collected in lifecycle databases, environmental product declarations, scientific publications and personal communications with companies.

  • 6.
    Pericault, Youen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Kärrman, Erik
    RISE Built Environment, Research Institutes of Sweden, Stockholm.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Hedström, Annelie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Expansion of Sewer, Water and District Heating Networks in Cold Climate Regions: an Integrated Sustainability Assessment2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 10, article id 3743Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents an integrated sustainability assessment of technical alternatives for water and heating services provision in suburban areas affected by a cold climate. Each alternative combines a drinking water supply, sewerage (gravity or low-pressure), pipe freeze protection (deep burial or shallow burial with heat tracing) and heating solution (district heating or geothermal heat pumps). An innovative freeze protection option was considered, in which low-temperature district heating (LTDH) is used to heat trace shallow sewer and water pipes. First, the performance of each alternative regarding seven sustainability criteria was evaluated on a projected residential area in Sweden using a systems analysis approach. A multi-criteria method was then applied to propose a sustainability ranking of the alternatives based on a set of weights obtained from local stakeholders. The alternative with a deep buried gravity sewer and geothermal heat pumps was found to have the highest sustainability score in the case study. In the sensitivity analysis, the integrated trench solution with a gravity sewer, innovative heat tracing and LTDH was found to potentially top the sustainability ranking if geothermal energy was used as the district heating source, or if the weight of the cost criterion increased from 24% to 64%. The study highlights the need for integrated decision-making between different utility providers as an integrated solution can represent sustainability gains.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Pericault, Youen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Risberg, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Vesterlund, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Hedström, Annelie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    A novel freeze protection strategy for shallow buried sewer pipes: temperature modelling and field investigation2016In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Sewer Processes & Networks, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The burial of sewer and water pipes below the maximum ground frost depth can be very costly and laborious in regions with cold winters. If a freeze protection measure is applied, the utility lines can be installed in a shallower trench to reduce the excavation needs during construction and maintenance works. One freeze protection measure, so called heat tracing, consist in supplying heat along the pipes. In this work, the use of 4th generation district heating as a heat tracing solution was investigated at a pilot site in Kiruna, Sweden. The influence of the system on sewer and water pipes temperatures was studied experimentally and numerically at a snow-free and snow-covered cross section. The study showed that, under the climatic conditions of the experiment, a heat tracing temperature of 25 ˚C allowed to prevent freezing of the pipes while keeping drinking water pipes in safe temperature range at both cross sections. The other main result was that a finite volume model of the sections was developed and showed a good fitting to the experimental data.

  • 8.
    Pericault, Youen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Risberg, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Vesterlund, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Hedström, Annelie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    A novel freeze protection strategy for shallow buried sewer pipes: temperature modelling and field investigation2017In: Water Science and Technology, ISSN 0273-1223, E-ISSN 1996-9732, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 294-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The burial of sewer and water pipes below the maximum ground frost depth can be very costly and laborious in regions with cold winters. If a freeze protection measure is applied, the utility lines can be installed in a shallower trench to reduce the excavation needs. One freeze protection measure, so called heat tracing, consists in supplying heat along the pipes. In this work, the use of 4th generation district heating as a heat tracing solution was investigated at a pilot site in Kiruna, Sweden. The influence of the system on sewer and water pipe temperatures was studied at a snow-free and snow-covered cross section. To this end, five heat tracing temperatures were tested and the corresponding sewer and water pipe temperatures were measured. The field experiment was also simulated with a two dimensional finite volume model. The study showed that, under the climatic conditions of the experiment, a heat tracing temperature of 25 °C allowed to prevent freezing of the pipes while keeping drinking water pipes in a safe temperature range at both cross sections. The other main result was that the developed finite volume model of the sections showed a good fitting to the experimental data

  • 9.
    Pericault, Youen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Risberg, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Hedström, Annelie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Temperature performance of a heat-traced utilidor for sewer and water pipes in seasonally frozen ground2020In: Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, ISSN 0886-7798, E-ISSN 1878-4364, Vol. 97, article id 103261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Heat-traced utility corridors (utilidors) can be used in cold regions to install the drinking water and sewer pipes in a shallow trench above the frost depth, thereby limiting excavation needs and the associated economic, social, and environmental costs. Several of these infrastructures were built in the 60s and 70s in Canada, Alaska, Russia, and Norway. More recently, a new type of heat-traced utilidor was built as a pilot project in Kiruna, Sweden to increase the viability of district heating in the area by allowing co-location of all the utility pipes in a shallow trench. Despite several reported cases of undesirably warm drinking water from full-scale projects, previous research efforts on heat-traced utilidors have mainly focused on pipe freeze protection, not on the prevention of excessive temperatures of the drinking water. To ensure comfortable drinking water in terms of taste and smell, an upper temperature limit of 15 °C is usually recommended. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term ability of a heat-traced utilidor to maintain sewer temperatures above 0 °C and drinking water temperatures between 0 and 15 °C. Pipe temperatures were measured continuously at two cross sections of a heat-traced utilidor located in Northern Sweden over a period of 22 months. A thermal model, set up and calibrated on the measurements, was used to simulate the impact of extraordinary cold weather conditions on the pipes’ temperatures. The results showed that the utilidor could keep the pipe temperatures within the desired ranges in most cases but that special care should be taken during design to limit drinking water temperatures during the summer.

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