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  • 1.
    Grönberg, Per-Olof
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    För ett «framgångsrikt tillgodogörande af Norrlands rika naturliga tillgångar»?: Tekniska elementarskolan i Härnösand 1900-19202018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Grönberg, Per-Olof
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    The Peregrine Profession.: Transnational Mobility of Nordic Engineers and Architects, 1880-1930.2019Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In The Peregrine Profession Per-Olof Grönberg offers an account of thepre-1930 transnational mobility of engineers and architects educated inthe Nordic countries 1880-1919. Outlining a system where learningmobility was more important than labour market mobility, the authorshows that more than every second graduate went abroad.Transnational mobility was stronger from Finland and Norway thanfrom Denmark and Sweden, partly because of slower industrialisationand deficiencies in the domestic technical education. This mobilityincluded all parts of the world but concentrated on the leadingindustrial countries in German speaking Europe and North America.Significant majorities returned and became agents of technologytransfer and technical change. Thereby, these mobile graduates alsobecame important for Nordic industrialisation.

  • 3.
    Nilsson, Fay Lundh
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Grönberg, Per-Olof
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    ”Inget för de lärde?” Diskussionerna om lokaliseringen av de tekniska elementarskolorna i Sverige i mitten av 1800-talet2019In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 139, no 2, p. 251-281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By the middle of the 19th century, Swedish industrialization began to accelerate. At the same time there was, in many countries, a strong belief in the potential of technology. As with the growing interest in a Swedish railway network – with the objective of promoting economic development throughout of the country – interest in developing a technical education system can be seen as part of this optimism. The director of the Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Lars Johan Wallmark, was, however, worried about the lack of middlelevel technical education. In 1850, he therefore suggested the establishment of technical secondary schools, modelled after the German Gewerbeschulen. These schools would both provide local and regional crafts and industries with technically skilled labour and prepare such students for higher technical studies.

    Wallmark’s proposal led to the establishment of technical secondary schools in four cities during the 1850s: Malmö, Norrköping, Borås and Örebro. However, only the first two schools corresponded directly to Wallmark’s original proposal. In this study, we make use of Walter Christaller’s central place theory to investigate why the schools came to be established in these four cities. We ask the following questions: How did the decision-makers argue about population base and catchment area? What characterized the cities where technical secondary schools were established compared to cities that expressed interest but were not chosen as sites for schools? And who were the main stakeholders and agents in this selection process? Our study shows that Wallmark’s idea was to establish schools nation-wide rather than to apply a principle for locational selection. In reality, however, one of the most important factors behind the establishment of schools appears to have been an industrial principle. Based on this, cities that already had significant industrial activities, or functioned as the central point for an industrialized hinterland, were favoured. In contrast, arguments such as good access to certified teachers – found mainly in university and cathedral cities – seem to have been less significant. Another important factor was the placement of the schools in relation to potential students. A third factor was strong local industrialists and other prominent persons who were interested in technical progress and who also had well developed connections with representatives in Parliament.

  • 4.
    Puschmann, Paul
    et al.
    Katholieke University Leuven, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Sociological Research .
    Donrovich, Robyn
    Katholieke University Leuven, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Sociological Research .
    Grönberg, Per-Olof
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Dekeyser, Graziela
    Katholieke University Leuven, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Sociological Research .
    Matthijs, Koen
    Katholieke University Leuven, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Sociological Research .
    Disfavored in Life, Favored in Death?: Later-Life Mortality Differences (Ages 30+) between Migrants and Natives in Antwerp, Rotterdam and Stockholm, 1850-19302016In: Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung, ISSN 0172-6404, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 257-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Differences in adult mortality were studied between natives and domestic and international migrants in three Northwestern European cities during different stages of the epidemiological transition. Event history analysis was conducted for mortality risk at ages 30+ using life course data retrieved from three large historical demographic micro-level databases. Results provide ample evidence of healthy migrant effects in Antwerp, Rotterdam, and Stockholm, and the effect was particularly strong among domestic migrants in Rotterdam. The multivariate analyses show that the early life environment, as well as positive selection effects, contributed to the healthy migrant effect: As migration distance increased, mortality risks declined. Being born in the countryside and moving later in life to a city were also associated with lower mortality risks. Although migrants overall had lower mortality risks than natives, we discovered, four vulnerable sub-groups whose mortality risk not only increased, but eventually exceeded that of natives: (1) rural migrants in the period when major epidemics belonged to the past, (2) international migrants who lost their partner, (3) Italian and Italian-speaking Swiss men in Rotterdam, and (4) medium-distance domestic migrant men in Antwerp.

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