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  • 1.
    Carholt, Cristoffer
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Design, Modelling and Control of a Single Rotor UAV2016Ingår i: 24th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation,: June 21-24, Athens, Greece, 2016, Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, s. 840-845, artikel-id 7536015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a novel Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Single Rotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (SR- UAV) will be presented. The SRUAV’s design properties will be analysed in detail, with respect to technical novelties outlining the merits of such a conceptual approach. The system’s model will be mathematically formulated, while a cascaded P-PI and PID-based control structure will be utilized in extensive simulation trials for the preliminary evaluation of the SR-UAV’s attitude and translational performance.

  • 2.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    The Core of Aerial Robotic Workers: Generalized Modeling, Estimation, and Control2018Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis we are going to explore what the operational core, both mathematically and algorithmically, of an Aerial Robotic Worker consists of, in order to estimate its egomotion and parameters, and adaptively control the aerial vehicle. Moreover, the aim of this thesis is to be a condensed reference for the corresponding areas of aerial robotics, in order to provide a stable and complete foundation on which one can continue research on. The areas that are covered in this Thesis are: 1) the fundamental modeling of the generalized aerial vehicle, where the kinematics, sensors and motor/thrust models will be presented together with simplified models for the motor characteristics, which will form the basis for all the future derivations, 2) how to model, calibrate and compensate for the errors existing in, and induced into, cheap accelerometers and gyroscopes, as these sensors constitute the aerial platform's core sensor suite as the inertial sensor. Successful methodologies and results are presented and evaluated to show that the cost of calibration can be dramatically reduced without loss of accuracy nor mechanical complexity. 3) How to perform inertial sensor driven egomotion and parameter estimation to lay the foundation for adaptive control strategies, where specific weight will be put on the successful development of a new profound sensory system which has the possibility to replace GPS in robotics applications, while also being able to perform indoors and in GPS denied environments, and which was the core of the localization module done in the AEROWORKS project, enabling the full, high accuracy localization around tall, GPS interfering infrastructure. And finally 4) how to utilize the estimation in low and high-level adaptive controllers, where specific results on how to successfully compensate for the movement of the center of gravity, together with the reduction of thrust over time due to declining battery voltage. Moreover we will explore the use case of Aerial Robotic Workers in real life applications and we will identify and comment on potential future directions of these aerial robotic systems and the impact theses can have in both research and society.

  • 3.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Towards Aerial Robotic Workers2015Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to advance the control and estimation schemes for multirotors, and more specifically the Aerial Robotic Worker, in order to progress towards the necessary control and estimation performance for robust control, cooperation and collaboration. Towards this envisioned aim, this Licentiate thesis will present the following main research contributions: a) a singularity-free attitude controller for the attitude problem has been established, that does not have the inherent drawbacks of Euler angle or Direction Cosine Matrix based approaches, b) a generalized estimation scheme for attitude, position and parameter estimation will be presented that has the merit of low computational footprint, while it is robust towards magnetic disturbances and able to identify key parameters in the model of an Aerial Robotic Worker, c) an method for estimating the induced vibration frequencies on the multirotor’s frame, and the respective amplitudes, that relies on notch filtering for attenuating the induced vibrations, and d) a theoretical establishment, as well as an experimental development and evaluation of a variable pitch propeller model to add additional degrees of freedom and increase the robustness of an Aerial Robotic Worker. In the first part of this thesis the main contributions of the previous research approaches will be highlighted, while in the second part of the thesis the corresponding and in full detail articles will be presented.

  • 4.
    Fresk, Emil
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Mansouri, Sina Sharif
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Kanellakis, Christoforos
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Halén, Erik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Reduced complexity calibration of MEMS IMUs2017Ingår i: 2017 25th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, MED 2017, Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, s. 1316-1320, artikel-id 7984300Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article a reduced complexity calibration method for Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) will be presented, which does not need the rotating reference tables, commonly used in the gyroscope calibration. As it will be presented, in the proposed novel scheme fixed angle rotations have been utilized to observe the integral of the gyroscope signals to find the corresponding sensitivity, axis misalignment and acceleration sensitivity matrices. This appraoch has the significant merit of high norm accuracy, easiness of use, low cost and simplicity in construction, thus allowing anyone with a basic electronics knowledge to calibrate an IMU.

  • 5.
    Fresk, Emil
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    A generalized Frame Adaptive MPC for the low-level control of UAVs2018Ingår i: 2018 European Control Conference (ECC), Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018, s. 1815-1820Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to establish an adaptiveModel Predictive Control (MPC) scheme for the angular rate and thrust control of a multirotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). The proposed model adaptiveness comes from estimating the movement of the Center of Gravity (CoG) combined withthe thrust constant of the motors, making the system robust to disturbances and fast to adapt to changing parameters, while also taking under consideration the control signal bounds in order to guarantee for no motor stalls, while flying. The linear requirements of the MPC are adhered to by transforming the estimation and control problem into a control signal squared domain, making the system linear. The efficacy of the proposed estimation and control scheme is presented in simulations where worst case scenarios have been considered.

  • 6.
    Fresk, Emil
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Experimental Evaluation of a Full Quaternion Based Attitude Quadrotor Controller2015Ingår i: Proceedings of 2015 IEEE 20th International Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA 2015): )Luxembourg, 8-11 Sept. 2015, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, artikel-id 7301555Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to present a novel quater- nion based control scheme for the attitude control problem of a quadrotor and experimentally evaluate its performance. A quaternion is a hyper complex number of rank 4 that can be utilized to avoid the inherent geometrical singularity when representing rigid body dynamics with Euler angles or the complexity of having coupled differential equations with the Direction Cosine Matrix (DCM). In the presented approach the novel contributions consist of: a) the quadrotor’s attitude model and b) the proposed non–linear Proportional squared (P^2) control algorithm, which have been proposed and experimentally evaluated fully in the quaternion space, without any transformations nor calculations in the Euler angle nor the DCM spaces. The established control scheme is combined with a quaternion based Madwick Complementary filter for estimating the attitude quadrotor’s responses. Multiple experi- mental results, including the case where external disturbances are acting on the quadrotor, are being presented for proving the efficiency and the robustness of the proposed novel quaternion based controller.

  • 7.
    Fresk, Emil
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Experimental Model Derivation and Control of a Variable Pitch Propeller Quadrotor2014Ingår i: 2014 IEEE International Conference on Control Applications (CCA 2014): Juan Les Antibes, France, 8 -10 October 2014, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2014, s. 723-729Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to present a novel quaternion based control scheme for the attitude control problem of a quadrotor equipped with variable pitch propellers. A variable pitch propeller is a type of propeller system utilizes a mechanical mechanism to change the pitch of the rotor blades, while when applied to quadrotors it results in an over-actuated control system. The novelty of the article stems from: a) the proposal of an experimental model for variable pitch propellers and b) the novel proposed thrust and power consumption optimisations for the over-actuated quadrotor. Throughout the article, the merits of the proposed novel approach are being analyzed and discussed, while the efficiency of the variable pitch propellers are being evaluated by extended simulation and experimental results.

  • 8.
    Fresk, Emil
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Frame Induced Vibration Estimation and Attenuation Scheme on a Multirotor helicopter2015Ingår i: Decision and Control (CDC): Los Angeles, CA, 15-17 Dec. 2014, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, s. 5698-5703, artikel-id 7040281Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to establish an induced frame vibration and attenuation scheme, specifically targeting the area of multi-rotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), such as quadrotors. These types of unmanned small scale helicopters are characterised by small and light frames, which are vulnerable to vibrations induced by the operation of the motors or external environmental factors. The existence of such vibrations effecting the frame can significantly deteriorate the performance of the overall closed system and even drive it to instabilities. In this article spectral estimation schemes based on: a) Autoregressive (AR) modelling and b) Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) are being established and evaluated towards their ability to detect the induced vibration frequencies on the UAV, while an extended discussion is being presented on selecting the correct number of the identified induced vibrating frequencies. In a sequential stage, a vibration attenuation approach based on notch filtering is being presented, being able to correctly attenuate the induced vibrating frequencies in the measurements. The efficiency of the overall suggested scheme is being evaluated by experimental results that indicate the significant improvement in the measurements achieved bythe direct application of the proposed scheme.

  • 9.
    Fresk, Emil
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Full quaternion based attitude control for a quadrotor2013Ingår i: European Control Conference (ECC), July 17-19, 2013, Zurich, Switzerland, 2013, s. 3864-3869, artikel-id 6669617Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to present a novel quaternion based control scheme for the attitude control problem of a quadrotor. A quaternion is a hyper complex number of rank 4 that can be utilized to avoid the inherent geometrical singularity when representing rigid body dynamics with Euler angles or the complexity of having coupled differential equations with the Direction Cosine Matrix (DCM). In the presented approach both the quadrotor's attitude model and the proposed non-linear Proportional squared (P^2) control algorithm have been implemented in the quaternion space, without any transformations and calculations in the Euler's angle space or DCM. Throughout the article, the merits of the proposed novel approach are being analyzed and discussed, while the efficacy of the suggested novel quaternion based controller are being evaluated by extended simulation results.

  • 10.
    Fresk, Emil
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Gustafsson, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    A Generalized Reduced-Complexity Inertial Navigation System for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles2017Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, ISSN 1063-6536, E-ISSN 1558-0865, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 192-207Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, a generic approach to attitude and position estimation, suited for any type of unmanned aerial vehicle, is presented. This will be achieved by establishing a generic framework, which can be extended using adaptive methods to determine the thrust properties of the engines and the mass of the aircraft, while keeping the overall computational complexity of the system low. Furthermore, the effect of magnetic disturbances will be reduced in a novel way by confining the magnetic errors to affect only heading, without compromising the pitch and roll estimation of the system with error-based estimation. The efficacy of the proposed framework will be evaluated through extended simulations and experimental validations on a multirotor. Finally, guidelines will be provided toward: 1) an implementation with a reduced computational complexity and 2) the utilization of the square-root formulations of the extended Kalman filter for extending the dynamic range of the filter.  

  • 11.
    Fresk, Emil
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Wuthier, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Generalized center of gravity compensation for multirotors with application to aerial manipulation2017Ingår i: IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, s. 4424-4429, artikel-id 8206307Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to establish a generalized parameter estimation scheme to online estimate the Center of Gravity (COG) for multirotors, while using a geometric controller to perform position tracking for applications in aerial manipulation. The proposed scheme is developed so the controller uses the estimated COG to compensate and remove constant offset in the position tracking. The efficiency and validity of the proposed parameter estimation and compensation scheme is proved through two experimental evaluations, one when step changes to the COG are applied and one tracking experiment where a compact aerial manipulator is attached to the multirotor and performs sweeping motions.

  • 12.
    Fresk, Emil
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Ödmark, Kristoffer
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Ultra WideBand enabled Inertial Odometry for Generic Localization2017Ingår i: IFAC-PapersOnLine, ISSN 1045-0823, E-ISSN 1797-318X, Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 11465-11472Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will present a inertial odometry localization system, utilizing Ultra WideBand distance measurements for corrections, as a generic localization solution. The proposed scheme is evaluated in two different measurement schemes, one cyclic and one based on stochastic events, which has the strong merit of minimizing the sampling rate, while adhering to covariance constraints on the state, allowing the system to conform with RF regulations. The efficacy of the proposed scheme is evaluated in extended experimental evaluation on an hexacopter Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

  • 13.
    Kanellakis, Christoforos
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Mansouri, Sina Sharif
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Kominiak, Dariusz
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Cooperative UAVs as a Tool for Aerial Inspection of Large Scale Aging Infrastructure2018Ingår i: 2018 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2018, s. 5040-5040Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents an aerial tool towards the autonomous cooperative coverage and inspection of a large scale 3D infrastructure using multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). In the presented approach the UAVs are relying only on their onboard computer and sensory system, deployed for inspection of the 3D structure. In this application each agent covers a different part of the scene autonomously, while avoiding collisions. The autonomous navigation of each platform on the designed path is enabled by the localization system that fuses Ultra Wideband with inertial measurements through an Error- State Kalman Filter. The visual information collected from the aerial team is collaboratively processed to create the 3D model. The performance of the overall setup has been experimentally evaluated in realistic wind turbine inspection experiments, providing dense 3D reconstruction of the inspected structures.

  • 14.
    Lindgren, Per
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Lindner, Marcus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Lindner, Andreas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Pereira, David J.
    ISEP, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto.
    Pinho, Luis Miguel
    ISEP, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto.
    Abstract Timers and their Implementation onto the ARM Cortex-M family of MCUs2016Ingår i: Vol. 13, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Real-Time For the Masses (RTFM) is a set of languages andtools being developed to facilitate embedded software developmentand provide highly ecient implementations gearedto static verication. The RTFM-kernel is an architecturedesigned to provide highly ecient and predicable Stack ResourcePolicy based scheduling, targeting bare metal (singlecore)platforms.We contribute by introducing a platform independent timerabstraction that relies on existing RTFM-kernel primitives.We develop two alternative implementations for the ARMCortex-M family of MCUs: a generic implementation, usingthe ARM dened SysTick/DWT hardware; and a targetspecic implementation, using the match compare/free runningtimers. While sacricing generality, the latter is moreexible and may reduce overall overhead. Invariants for correctnessare presented, and methods to static and run-timeverication are discussed. Overhead is bound and characterized.In both cases the critical section from release timeto dispatch is less than 2us on a 100MHz MCU. Queue andtimer mechanisms are directly implemented in the RTFMcorelanguage (-core in the following) and can be includedin system-wide scheduling analysis.

  • 15.
    Lindgren, Per
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Lindner, Marcus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Pereira, David J.
    ISEP, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto.
    Pinho, Luis Miguel
    ISEP, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto.
    RTFM-core: Language and Implementation2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Robustness, real-time properties and resource eciency arekey properties to embedded devices of the CPS/IoT era. Inthis paper we propose a language approach RTFM-core,and show its potential to facilitate the development processand provide highly ecient implementations amendablefor static verication. Our programming model is reactive,based on the familiar notions of concurrent tasksand (single-unit) resources. The language is kept minimalistic,capturing the static task, communication and resourcestructure of the system. Whereas C-source can be arbitrarilyembedded in the model, and/or externally referenced,the instep to mainstream development is minimal, and asmooth transition of legacy code is possible. A prototypecompiler implementation for RTFM-core is presented. Thecompiler generates C-code output that compiled togetherwith the RTFM-kernel primitives runs on bare metal. TheRTFM-kernel guarantees deadlock-lock free execution andeciently exploits the underlying interrupt hardware forstatic priority scheduling and resource management underthe Stack Resource Policy. This allows a plethora of wellknownmethods to static verication (response time analysis,stack memory analysis, etc.) to be readily applied. The proposedlanguage and supporting tool-chain is demonstratedby showing the complete process from RTFM-core sourcecode into bare metal executables for a light-weight ARMCortexM3 target.

  • 16.
    Lindqvist, Adrian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Optimal Design and Modeling of a Tilt Wing Aircraft2015Ingår i: IEEE Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, Torremolinos, Spain, June 16-19, 2015 / [ed] V. Munoz, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, s. 701-708, artikel-id 7158828Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to present an optimal model for the behavior of a tilt wing aircraft during its transition state. A tilt wing aircraft is a hybrid between a helicopter and a plane, which has the capabilities of both parts, meaning that it can stand still and hover and by tilting its wing 90 degrees to act like a regular plane. Overall, a tilt rotor aircraft has the extended merits of vertical take offs and landings, to stand still and hover in mid air, while being able to travel in long distances efficiently. The novelty of this article stems from: a) the analysis of the aircraft during the transition between helicopter mode and plane for the angles between 0-90 degrees, b) the comparison between the model extracted from the simulations and tests from a wind tunnel, and c) the proposal for an optimal design for a tilt wing UAV. The efficiency of the proposed modeling approach has been evaluated in multiple simulated and experimental verification.

  • 17.
    Mansouri, Sina Sharif
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Kanellakis, Christoforos
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Kominiak, Dariusz
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Cooperative coverage path planning for visual inspection2018Ingår i: Control Engineering Practice, ISSN 0967-0661, E-ISSN 1873-6939, Vol. 74, s. 118-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the inspection problem of a complex 3D infrastructure using multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). The main novelty of the proposed scheme stems from the establishment of a theoretical framework capable of providing a path for accomplishing a full coverage of the infrastructure, without any further simplifications (number of considered representation points), by slicing it by horizontal planes to identify branches and assign specific areas to each agent as a solution to an overall optimization problem. Furthermore, the image streams collected during the coverage task are post-processed using Structure from Motion, stereo SLAM and mesh reconstruction algorithms, while the resulting 3D mesh can be used for further visual inspection purposes. The performance of the proposed Collaborative-Coverage Path Planning (C-CPP) has been experimentally evaluated in multiple indoor and realistic outdoor infrastructure inspection experiments and as such it is also contributing significantly towards real life applications for UAVs.

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2020-05-01 11:28
  • 18.
    Mansouri, Sina Sharif
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Kanellakis, Christoforos
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Kominiak, Dariusz
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Cooperative UAVs as a tool for Aerial Inspection of the Aging Infrastructure2017Ingår i: Field and Service Robotics: Results of the 11th International Conference / [ed] Marco Hutter, Roland Siegwart, Cham: Springer, 2017, s. 177-189Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an aerial tool towards the autonomous cooperative coverage and inspection of a 3D infrastructure using multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). In the presented approach the UAVs are relying only on their onboard computer and sensory system, deployed for inspection of the 3D structure. In this application each agent covers a different part of the scene autonomously, while avoiding collisions. The visual information collected from the aerial team is collaboratively processed to create the 3D model. The performance of the overall setup has been experimentally evaluated in a realistic outdoor infrastructure inspection experiments, providing sparse and dense 3D reconstruction of the inspected structures.

  • 19.
    Small, Elias
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Modelling and Control of a Tilt-Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle2016Ingår i: 24th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation: June 21-24, Athens, Greece, 2016, Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, s. 1254-1259, artikel-id 7536050Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article a Tilt-Wing Unmanned Aerial Ve- hicle (TW-UAV) and the preliminary evaluation of its hovering characteristics in extended simulation studies are presented. In the beginning, an overview of the TW-UAV’s design properties are established, highlighting the novelties of the proposed structure and the overall merits. The TW-UAV’s design and structural properties are mathematically modeled and utilized for the synthesis of a cascaded P-PI and PID based control structure for the regulation of its hovering performance. In addition, extensive simulation trials are performed in order to evaluate the structure’s efficiency in controlling the TW-UAV’s attitude and position under various noise and disturbance scenarios.

  • 20. Wuthier, David
    et al.
    Kominiak, Dariusz
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Fresk, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    A Geometric Pulling Force Controller for Aerial Robotic Workers2017Ingår i: IFAC-PapersOnLine, ISSN 1045-0823, E-ISSN 1797-318X, Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 10287-10292Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to establish a geometric, pulling force control scheme in order to enable the concept of Aerial Robotic Workers (ARWs), where the capabilities of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are enhanced by aerial manipulators in order to exert known pulling forces on the environment, with characteristic applications such as levers actuation, debris removal and safety assessments. The proposed novel approach consists of interfacing a cascaded position control scheme with a manipulation framework in such a way that the UAV, together with the manipulator are being controlled in a complete system The validity of the proposed scheme as well as the ability of the UAV to track a desired pulling force is validated through a real-world experiment.

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