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  • 1.
    Malm, Hanna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Utifrån vilka normer utformar vi vårt transportsystem?: Jämställdhetens betydelse för beslut om hållbar transport i kommuner2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our transport system is to a large extent planned with prioritization of the car, which has become problematic from an environmental perspective. It is also problematic from a gender equality point of view, mainly because men drive and own car to a larger extent. Women’s travel behaviour is statistically more sustainable. This means that a sustainable transport system in many aspects are equal to a gender equal transport system. There are also differences in attitudes regarding sustainability between women and men where women tend to be more positive towards actions for increased sustainability. This master thesis investigates whether there is a link between operationalization of goals regarding sustainable transport and representation of women in municipal council, boards and committees, both among all members as well as chairpersons.

    The study has consisted of a literature review, a qualitative and a quantitative study. The qualitative study involved document review and interviews of Luleå, Örebro and Malmö municipalities. These municipalities were chosen based on their active work with gender equality and sustainable transport. The review showed a clear focus on ecological sustainability both regarding goals and actions in the transport system. The connection between gender equality and transport is limited in the documents.

    Based on the literature review and the qualitative study four areas was identified: speed, parking for cars, maintenance for pedestrians and cyclists and investments in infrastructure for cyclists. These were chosen based on the differences in women’s and men’s attitudes towards the areas, as well as the fact that all areas can be connected to sustainable transport. These areas were used in the statistical analysis. Information about women’s representation in Swedish municipal decision-making bodies for 2011 and 2015 was collected as well as information regarding municipal operationalization of goals about the four areas. With this information a statistical analysis was conducted, in the form of χ2-test, to determine if there is a link between women’s representation and decisions about sustainable transport.

    The information about representation in municipal decision-making bodies shows a clear male domination, both among all members and chairpersons. All Swedish municipalities had in average below 40 % women among all members in council, boards and committees in 2011 and 2015. This indicates an uneven distribution of power between women and men.

    The statistical analysis shows no clear indications of a link between decisions about sustainable transport and women’s representation, neither among all members nor chairpersons. Instead there are indications that it is not the physical representation that affects, but rather the norms and values that has an impact on decisions about sustainable transport. The masculine norm is dominating the transport industry, which partly is due to the confirmed male dominance among municipal decision-makers. To change the masculine norm in the transport industry is of highest importance in order to obtain a more sustainable transport system. To value the feminine and masculine norms, as well as women’s and men’s opinions, equally is necessary in order to obtain a higher level of sustainability regarding transport.

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