Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 19 of 19
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Bagge, Niklas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Nilimaa, Jonny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Bernspång, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Sas, Gabriel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion. Norut Northern Research Institute, Narvik.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion. College of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Carolin, Anders
    Trafikverket, Trafikverket, Luleå.
    Performance of a prestressed concrete bridge loaded to failure2015Inngår i: IABSE Conference Geneva 2015: Structural Engineering: Providing Solutions to Global Challenges, Geneva: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, 2015, s. 1088-1095Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Bagge, Niklas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Nilimaa, Jonny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Enochsson, Ola
    Sabourova, Natalia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Grip, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Emborg, Mats
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Lundmark, Tore
    Ramböll Sverige AB, Luleå.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Protecting a five span prestressed bridge against ground deformations2015Inngår i: IABSE Conference Geneva 2015: Structural Engineering: Providing Solutions to Global Challenges, Geneva: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, 2015, s. 255-262Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A 55 year-old, 121.5 m long, five span prestressed bridge was situated in the deformation zone close to a mine in Kiruna in northern Sweden. There was a risk for uneven ground deformations so the bridge was analyzed and monitored. Results and measures taken to ascertain the robustness of the bridge are presented.The analysis resulted in an estimate that the bridge could sustain 24 mm in uneven horizontal and 83 mm in uneven vertical displacement of the two supports of a span. To be able to sustain larger deformations, the columns of the bridge were provided with joints, where shims could be inserted to counteract the settlements. To accomplish this, each one of the 18 columns of the bridge was unloaded by help of provisional steel supports. The column was then cut and a new foot was mounted to it. This made it possible to lift each individual column with two jacks, when needed, and to adjust its height by inserting or taking away shim plates.The deformations of the bridge and the surrounding ground were monitored. The eigenmodes of the bridge were studied with accelerometers and by analysis with finite elements (FE) models. Comparison indicated good agreement between the model and the actual bridge, with calculated eigenfrequencies of 2.17, 4.15 and 4.67 Hz, for the first transversal, vertical and torsional modes, respectively. Measurements during winter resulted in higher values due to increased stiffness caused by frozen materials.

  • 3.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Häggström, Jens
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Nilimaa, Jonny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Sabourova, Natalia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Grip, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Carolin, Anders
    Paulsson, Björn
    UIC, Trafikverket.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Test to failure of a steel truss bridge: Calibration of assessment methods2014Inngår i: Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management and Life Extension: proceedings of the Seventh International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, 7-11 July 2014, Shanghai, China / [ed] Airong Chen; Dan M. Frangopol; Xin Ruan, London: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group , 2014, s. 1076-1081Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The steel truss railway bridge at Åby River was built in 1957 with a span of 32 m (105 feet). In 2012 it was replaced by a new steel beam bridge and the old bridge was placed beside the river. It was tested to failure to study its remaining load-carrying capacity in September 2013. The test was carried out by Luleå University of Technology by commission from Trafikverket as a part of the European Research Project MAINLINE (www.mainline-project.eu). In this paper some preliminary results are given. Two hydraulic jacks, anchored by cables to the bedrock, pulled the bridge downwards. The bridge remained elastic up to about three times the original design load and the load could then be almost doubled with substantial yielding deformations before a buckling failure appeared in the top girders for a load of ca. 11 MN (1000 short tons) for a midpoint deflection of ca. 0, 2 m (8 inches). No brittle or fatigue failure in any of the joints appeared and the bridge proved to behave in a ductile way with a substantial hidden capacity.

  • 4.
    Cai, Jianguo
    et al.
    C and PC Structures of Ministry of Education, National Prestress Engineering Research Center, Southeast University, Si Pai Lou No. 2, Nanjing.
    Deng, Xiaowei
    Department of Structural Engineering, University of California San Diego.
    Ya, Zhou
    Wuxi Architectural Design and Research Institute Co. Ltd.
    Feng, Jian
    Key Laboratory of C and PC Structures of Ministry of Education, National Prestress Engineering Research Center, Southeast University, Si Pai Lou No. 2, Nanjing.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Bistable behavior of the cylindrical origami structure with Kresling pattern2015Inngår i: Journal of mechanical design (1990), ISSN 1050-0472, E-ISSN 1528-9001, Vol. 137, nr 6, artikkel-id 61406Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The deployment of a cylinder based on origami with Kresling pattern, whose basic mechanisms are formed by the buckling of a thin cylindrical shell under torsional loading, is studied in this paper. The model consists of identical triangular panels with cyclic symmetry and has a small displacement internal inextensional mechanism. First, geometric formulation of the design problem is presented. Then, assuming that the deployment and folding process is uniform, the bistable behavior of the cylinder is discussed. It can be found that, during the deployment, the dimensionless strain energy increases first and then reduces to zero but followed by another sharp increase. Moreover, the limit condition of geometry parameters for the bistable phenomenon is also discussed. Finally, the bistable behavior is also studied by using numerical simulations for simple and more complex case of the cylinder with multistory. The numerical results agree well with the analytical predictions. Therefore, comparisons with finite element predictions have shown that the analytical solutions given in this paper are accurate and have validated the assumptions made in the derivations

  • 5.
    Cao, Dafu
    et al.
    College of Civil Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University.
    Ge, Wenjie
    College of Civil Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University.
    Wang, B.Y.
    College of Civil Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Study on the flexural behaviors of rc beams after Freeze-Thaw cycles2015Inngår i: International Journal of Civil Engineering, ISSN 1735-0522, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 92-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    order to investigate the flexural behaviors of RC beams after freeze-thaw cycles, compressive strength test of concrete cubes after 0, 50, 100, 125 freeze-thaw cycles were made, and static flexural experiment of 48 RC beams after 0, 50, 100, 125 freeze-thaw cycles were made. The relationships of relative compressive strength, mass loss rate, relative dynamic elastic modulus and numbers of freeze-thaw cycles were analyzed. The influences of different numbers of freeze-thaw cycles on the flexural behaviors of RC beams with different concrete grades were studied. The results show that concrete cubes’ mass, relative dynamic elastic modulus and compressive strength decrease with the increasing of freeze-thaw cycles, and high-strength grade concrete could slow down the damage caused by freeze-thaw cycles. Experimental values of test beams stiffness under short-term load were smaller than theory value. Some under-reinforced RC beams occurs over-reinforced failure mode after freeze-thaw cycles. Boundary reinforcement ratio of RC beams after certain numbers of freeze-thaw cycles was derived and its correctness was verified by experiment. Current code for design of concrete structures about crack load and ultimate load are still suitable for RC beams after freeze-thaw cycles

  • 6.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Bell, Brian
    UIC, Network Rail, London.
    Nilimaa, Jonny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Häggström, Jens
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion. College of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Lundgren, Karin
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
    Plos, Mario
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
    Larsson, Oskar
    Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Department of Constructional Sciences, Lund University.
    Casas, Joan Ramon
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya.
    New technologies to extend the life of elderly rail infrastructure: Deliverable 1.3 in MAINLINE - a project within the EC 7th Framework Programme2015Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many traditional technologies available to extend the life of elderly rail infrastructure, some of which are being improved or developed, whilst new technologies continue to emerge.In two earlier reports a benchmark of new technologies was given and assessment methods were presented, ML-D1.1 (2013) and ML-D1.2 (2013). In this report, ML-D1.3, an overview is given of some of the most promising new or updated technologies. Based on the findings, work in the Mainline project has focused on the following two areas for bridges, tunnels and track:- Assessment methods- Repair and Strengthening methodsSome of the methods are still under development and may not yet be available commercially. Hence these are presented on a “for information” basis and as something that may be introduced on a broader scale in a near future.In the report assessment and strengthening of bridges are treated in Chapter 4 and Chapter 5.Tunnels are treated in Chapter 6 and track and earthwork in Chapter 7.The report also includes with five appendices with details of important work that has been donein the MAINLINE project. Appendix A presents results from the assessment and full scale testing to failure of a 50 year old metallic truss bridge. Appendix B presents results from the strengthening by post-tensioning of a concrete trough bridge. Appendix C presents methods to extend life for tunnels. Appendix D proposes methods for the assessment of fatigue andAppendix E, finally, gives a fairly comprehensive list of references on how to extend the life of structures.A Guideline for application of the new technologies is given in ML-D1.4 (2014).

  • 7.
    Ge, Wenjie
    et al.
    College of Civil Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University.
    Zhang, Jiwen
    Key Laboratory of Concrete and Prestressed Concrete Structures of Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Cao, Dafu
    College of Civil Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Flexural behaviors of hybrid concrete beams reinforced with BFRP bars and steel bars2015Inngår i: Construction and Building Materials, ISSN 0950-0618, E-ISSN 1879-0526, Vol. 87, s. 28-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexural behaviors of hybrid concrete beams reinforced with BFRP (Basalt Fiber Reinforced Plastic) bars and steel bars are studied in this paper. Tensile test, standard pull-out test of BFRP bars, and static flexural experiment of five different hybrid reinforced concrete beams were made. The tests show that BFRP bars have high tensile strength and low elastic modulus compared with steel bars. The bond strength between BFRP bars and concrete is similar to the bond strength of steel bars and concrete and shows good bond performance. The bond strength relative coefficient of BFRP bars can be considered to be 1.0. The crack spacing and crack width are analyzed and suitable formulas for calculation are proposed. The flexural capacity of appropriate hybrid reinforced beams is analyzed and a simplified formula for calculating its value is proposed. Results show that the value of the flexural capacity calculated by the proposed simplified formula is close to the experimental value. This proves that the formula can be successfully applied. By controlling the reinforcement ratio and the value of Af/As appropriately, the ductility of hybrid reinforced beams can meet the requirements of normal service conditions.

  • 8.
    Grip, Niklas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Sabourova, Natalia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand. Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Vibrationsanalys för tillståndsbedömning av byggkonstruktioner: Tillämpningsexempel : (Main results and summary in Swedish. Detailed results in English Appendices.)2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I projektet beskrivs och tillämpasnågra metoder för tillståndsbedömningav olika typer av konstruktioner med och utan skador.Tillståndsbedömningen skermed hjälp av vibrationsanalys.Detektering av skador av olika typ och storlekdiskuteras. Randvillkorens betydelse undersöks för att få överensstämmelse mellan förutspådda och uppmätta egenmoder och egenfrekvenser.Med den programvara som utvecklats är det möjligt att detektera sprickor i enkla betongplattor med hjälp av vibrationsmätningar. För mer avancerade konstruktioner finns en potential att vidareutveckla programvaran.Mätningar och analyser presenterasför femkonstruktioner: (1) En betongplatta –Sprickor har kunnat identifieras utifrån vibrationsmätningar och en successivt uppdaterad finit element modell (FEM).(2) En bågbro av betong över Långforsen i Kalix älv–Okända randvillkor har kunnat bestämmasför t ex undergrundens styvhetmedhjälp avuppmätta vibrationer. Detekteringav specifika skadorhar ännu inte kunnat genomföras.(3) En fackverksbro av stålöver Åby älv–Enviss skadedetektering har kunnat genomföras med vibrationsmätningar. Brons sårbarhet för korrosion och lokala mekaniska skador har studerats.(4) En förspänd betongbrotill gruvan i Kiruna–Modeller av bron har arbetats framför obelastatoch brottbelastat tillståndoch jämförts med uppmätta vibrationer med gott resultat.(5) Ett betonghus med nio våningar i Luleå –En FEM-modell av huseti bruksstadiethar tagits fram och resultat från den har jämförts med uppmätta vibrationer med gott resultat.Metoder och resultatpresenteras översiktligti rapportens huvudtext. Detaljerade beskrivningar gesi appendix.I appendix presenterasäven en programvaramed färdiga moduler för de undersökta konstruktionerna. Programmet kan laddas ner och användasfritt

  • 9.
    Huang, Zheng
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Grip, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Sabourova, Natalia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Bagge, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Tu, Yong-Ming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Modelling of Damage and its Use in Assessment of a Prestressed Bridge2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A 55 years old and 121.5 m long ve-span prestressed bridge has been subjected toshear failure test in Kiruna, Sweden. This in-situ test is a desirable test to validate andcalibrate the existing nonlinear nite element program for predicting the shear behaviorof reinforced and prestressed concrete structures.Two 3D nite element (FE) models of the Kiruna Bridge are built in commercial soft-ware Abaqus, one using shell-elements and one using a combination of shell and beam ele-ments. Predictions obtained from these two models are well consistent with mode shapesand eigenfrequencies computed from acceleration measurements on the bridge before andafter loading it to failure. Shear-failure test of this bridge performed by Lulea Universityof Technology (LTU) is also simulated using the built-in concrete damage plasticity (CDP)model in Abaqus. The predicted load-displacement curve is in good agreement with themeasurement. Verication of the CDP model is conducted at element and member levelwith two dierent damage parameter evolutions. According to the verication, it indi-cates the damage parameter will aect the predicted shear behavior of reinforced concretestructures and it is not reliable to adopt the CDP model to simulate the shear behaviorof reinforced concrete structures based on the present research.A long term goal is to use use the measured mode shapes, eigenfrequencies and FEmodels for evaluating methods for damage identication. Such methods are important formaintenance of dierent structures, for extending their life span and for better knowledgeof their load carrying capacity. We describe how so-called sparse regularization niteelement method updating (FEMU) methods can be used. We then demonstrate someimportant properties of such methods with simulations on a Kirchho plate. For instance,the simulations suggest that both eigenfrequencies and mode shapes should be used forprecise localization of the damage.

  • 10.
    Huang, Zheng
    et al.
    Southeast University, Nanjing, China.
    Tu, Yong-Ming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Grip, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Sabourova, Natalia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Bagge, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Ohlsson, Ulf
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Modelling of Damage and its use in Assessment of a PrestressedConcrete Bridge2016Inngår i: IABSE CONGRESS, STOCKHOLM, 2016: Challenges in Design and Construction of an Innovativeand Sustainable Built Environment / [ed] Lennart Elfgren, Johan Jonsson, Mats Karlsson, Lahja Rydberg-Forssbeck and Britt Sigfrid, CH - 8093 Zürich, Switzerland, 2016, s. 2093-2108Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A five-span prestressed concrete bridge has been subjected to a loading test up to failure in Kiruna, Sweden. The bridge was 55 years old and had a length of 121.5 m. The test has been used to validate and calibrate existing nonlinear finite element programs for predicting the shear behavior of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. Two 3D finite element (FE) models of the Kiruna Bridge are built in commercial software Abaqus, one using shell-elements and one using a combination of shell and beam elements. Predictions obtained from these two models are well consistent with mode shapes and eigenfrequencies computed from acceleration measurements on the bridge before and after loading it to failure.The shear failure of the bridge is also simulated using the built-in concrete damage plasticity (CDP)model in Abaqus. The predicted load-displacement curve is in good agreement with the measurements. Verification of the CDP model is conducted at element and member level with two different damage parameter evolutions. The verification indicates that the damage parameter will affect the predicted shear behavior. It does not seem to be reliable to adopt the CDP model to simulate the shear behavior in the present research. A long term goal is to use use the measured mode shapes, eigenfrequencies and FE models for evaluating methods for damage identification. Such methods are important for maintenance of different structures, for extending their life span and for better knowledge of their load carrying capacity. The use is described of so-called sparse regularized finite element method updating (FEMU) methods. Some important properties of such methods are demonstrated using simulations on a Kirchhoff plate. For instance, the simulations suggest that both eigenfrequencies and mode shapes should be used for precise localization of the damage.

  • 11.
    Huang, Zheng
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand. School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand. School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.
    Meng, Shaoping
    School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.
    Bagge, Niklas
    Department of Bridge & Hydraulic Design, WSP Sverige AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilimaa, Jonny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Validation of a numerical method for predicting shear deformation of reinforced concrete beams2019Inngår i: Engineering structures, ISSN 0141-0296, E-ISSN 1873-7323, Vol. 197, artikkel-id 109367Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to validate a 2D nonlinear finite element (FE) model for estimating the post-cracking shear deformation of reinforced concrete (RC) beams. The proposed FE model treated the cracked concrete as an orthotropic material in the framework of the fixed-crack approach. The experimental data for both the overall response (including the total and shear-induced deflection) and the detailed response (including the mean shear strain, mean vertical strain and principal compressive strain angle) of five I-section RC beams, monitored by the main authors of this paper with the Digital Image Correlation technique, were used to verify the proposed model. In addition, 27 further test beams evaluated in independent research programs were collected to assemble a database. The proposed FE model was further verified against the database. Two additional FE models (the rotating-crack model developed in this work and Response-2000 developed by Bentz (2000)) were also evaluated by simulating the detailed responses of the beams in the database. The results obtained validate the proposed FE model for predicting the post-cracking shear deformation of RC beams and indicate that the proposed FE model is more suitable for simulating the shear behaviour of RC beams than the rotating-crack model or Response-2000.

  • 12.
    Häggström, Jens
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Collin, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand. Southeast University, School of Civil Engineering, Nanjing.
    Full-scale testing to failure of a steel truss railway bridge2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability, ISSN 1478-4637, E-ISSN 1751-7664, Vol. 170, nr 2, s. 93-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Significant resources have been invested in maintaining existing infrastructure. Many structures are becoming old, do not meet current requirements, or are reaching the end of their life cycle. It is not feasible or sustainable to replace all of those that may be deemed obsolete; however, often their specified capacities are very conservative. So there is an urgent need to obtain more robust knowledge of their true status. This paper describes a unique project, in which a 33 m long steel truss railway bridge (over the Åby River) was tested to failure. The findings can be used to identify optimal solutions for other bridges of the same design that are still in use, notably the bridge over Rautasjokk (a river in Sweden). These two bridges were tested in three stages. This paper focuses on the second stage, wherein Åby Bridge was subjected to static full-scale testing to failure, by pulling it downwards. The global failure mode consisted of buckling of the top chord with yielding of the steel starting at a total load of 8 MN and the peak load being reached at around 11 MN, corresponding to a load approximately four to five times higher than the characteristic design load.

  • 13. Ji, Yuanhui
    et al.
    Ji, Xiaoyan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Energivetenskap.
    Lu, Xiaohua
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Coupling mass transfer with mineral reactions to investigate CO2 sequestration in saline aquifers with non-equilibrium thermodynamics2011Inngår i: Proceedings of the World Renewable Energy Congress 2011 (WREC 2011): 9-13 May, Linköping, Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The coupling behaviors of mass transfer of aqueous CO2 with mineral reactions of aqueous CO2 with rock anorthite are investigated by chemical potential gradient and concentration gradient models, respectively. SAFT1-RPM is used to calculate the fugacity of CO2 in brine. The effective diffusion coefficients of CO2 are obtained based on the experimental kinetic data reported in literature. The calculation results by the two models and for two cases (mass transfer only and coupling mass transfer with mineral reaction) are compared. The results show that there are considerable discrepancies for the concentration distribution with distance by the concentration gradient and chemical potential gradient models, which implies the importance of consideration of the non-ideality. And the concentrations of aqueous CO2 at different distances by the concentration gradient model are higher and further than that by the chemical potential gradient model. The mineral reaction plays a considerable role for the CO2 geological sequestration when the time scale reaches 10 years for the anorthite case.

  • 14.
    Nilimaa, Jonny
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Häggström, Jens
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Carolin, Anders
    Trafikverket, Trafikverket, Luleå.
    Paulsson, Björn
    Trafikverket, UIC, Banverket.
    Extend the life of existing railway bridges: Results from EU FP7 project MAINLINE2015Inngår i: IABSE Conference Geneva 2015: Structural Engineering: Providing Solutions to Global Challenges, Geneva: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, 2015, s. 1219-1226Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need to extend the life and capacity of many existing bridges. One of the objects of the EU FP7 Project MAINLINE, 2011-2014, was to facilitate this. Guidelines for assessment and strengthening methods are presented as well as case studies in which existing bridges are studied in order to extend their life length. One example is the prestressing of the slab in a one-span concrete trough bridge in order to increase its load-carrying capacity. Horizontal holes were drilled trough the slab and in them steel bars were placed and post-tensioned. In this way a compressive stress was introduced into the concrete section so that it’s bending and shear capacity was increased.In another study a metal truss bridge was monitored in order to check strain and stress ranges in critical connections to enable an enhanced evaluation of the remaining fatigue resistance. The studied bridge was then replaced and loaded to failure to study its robustness and the reliability of applied assessment methods. The results could then be applied to prolong the life of an identical twin bridge located in the northern part of Sweden. A Life Cycle Assessment Tool (LCAT) has been developed to enable Infrastructure Managers to choose optimal maintenance strategies.

  • 15.
    Qin, Xiao-Chuan
    et al.
    School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University.
    Meng, Shao-Ping
    School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University.
    Cao, Da-Fu
    School of Civil Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University.
    Tu, Yong-Ming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Sabourova, Natalia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Grip, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Ohlsson, Ulf
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Sas, Gabriel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Evaluation of freeze-thaw damage on concrete material and prestressed concrete specimens2016Inngår i: Construction and Building Materials, ISSN 0950-0618, E-ISSN 1879-0526, Vol. 125, s. 892-904Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The pore structure of the hardened concrete and the microscopic changes of a few selected pores throughout the freeze-thaw test were investigated by a method combining RapidAir and digital metalloscope. Traditional tests were also performed to evaluate the macroscopic change caused by freeze-thaw cycles (FTCs). The investigation shows that the concrete material, of which the spacing factor is 0.405 mm and the air content is 2.38%, can still withstand more than 300 FTCs. Severe microscopic damages occurred after approximately 200 FTCs and the freeze-thaw damage were gradually aggravated afterwards. Prestress forces have a remarkable impact on the failure pattern under FTCs. It was further found that the compressive strength as an indicator is more reliable than the relative dynamic modulus of elasticity in evaluating the freeze-thaw damage on concrete material. In addition, the test and analysis show that the measured prestress losses of bonded specimen are larger than that of unbounded specimen under the attack of FTCs due to the duct grouting effect. The ultimate freeze-thaw prestress loss is about 5% of σconσcon for both the bonded and unbonded specimens because the grouting cement paste will eventually be completely destroyed.

  • 16.
    Sabourova, Natalia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Grip, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Puurula, Arto
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Enochsson, Ola
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Ohlsson, Ulf
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Nilsson, Martin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Carolin, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser.
    Thun, Håkan
    The railway concrete arch bridge over Kalix river: dynamic properties and load carrying capacity2012Inngår i: Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community: proceedings of the International FIB Symposium 2012, Stockholm, Sweden, 11 - 14 June 2012 / [ed] Dirch H Bager; Johan Silfwerbrand, Stockholm: Swedish Concrete Association , 2012, s. 609-612Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Sabourova, Natalia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Grip, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand. Southeast University, Nanjing, China.
    Wang, Chao
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand. Southeast University, Nanjing, China.
    Enochsson, Ola
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand. Boden Kommun.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Nilsson, Martin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Ohlsson, Ulf
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Railway Concrete Arch Bridge over Kalix River at Långforsen: Dynamic Properties and Load-Carrying Capacity2019Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concrete arch bridge over Kalix River at Långforsen was built in 1960 and has a mid-span of 89,5 m and a height of 13,7 m. The bridge owner, Trafikverket, wanted to increase its allowable axle load from 225 to 300 kN. Field tests were carried out under service condition and with ambient vibrations. The test results were used to update and validate Finite Element Models. At last, the refined models were used to check the possibility to increase the axle load.

    According to earlier assessments, most parts of the bridge is capable of carrying an axle load of 330 kN. The only critical sections are located in the beams carrying the rail on top of the arch in the section where the beams are united with the arch. Here the stresses in the longitudinal bottom reinforcement are slightly too high.

    These sections have been studied in a FEM model for different loads and results show maximum strains of about 50·10-6 corresponding to stresses of only about 10 MPa in the reinforcement in the critical sections. Live load vertical deflections of the crown of the arch is of the order of only ± 6 mm. Dynamic studies have also been made showing that fatigue is no issue. Altogether the studies show that the bridge is able to carry an increased axle load of 300 kN without problems.

  • 18.
    Wang, Chao
    et al.
    Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Wang, Zhilan
    Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Zhang, Jiwen
    Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Tu, Yong-Ming
    Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Grip, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Ohlsson, Ulf
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    FEM based research on the dynamic response of a concrete railway arch bridge2016Inngår i: IABSE CONGRESS, STOCKHOLM, 2016: Challenges in Design and Construction of an Innovative and Sustainable Built Environment / [ed] Elfgren, Lennart; Jonsson, Johan; Karlsson, Mats; Rydberg-Forssbeck, Lahja; Sigfid, Britt2016, CH - 8093 Zürich, Switzerland, 2016, s. 2472-2479Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The dynamic response of a concrete railway arch bridge is studied through a case study of the bridge over Kalix River, situated at Långforsen on the railway line between Kalix and Morjärv in northern Sweden. A simplified beam-element model, a spatial grillage-beam model and a refined shell-element model were built to analyze the bridge structure. A methodology was applied where measured static and dynamic responses were used to update finite element models of Långforsen Bridge. A multi-response objective function was presented, and the finite element method was proved feasible by comparison of predicted and measured response. In the paper comparative analyses were made of the time history displacement of three finite element models under three measured load cases. A standard train model from EUROCODE, HSLM-A 1, was applied and the dynamic responses under different speeds were studied. The results showed that a refined shell element model could accurately analyze dynamic responses of the concrete railway arch bridge in a better way than beam element and spatial grillage models. The dynamic analysis based on this type of shell model can give an optimized suggestion for the railway operation as well as for the design of high-speed railway bridges.

  • 19.
    Wang, Chao
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand. South East University, Nanjing, China.
    Zhang, JIwen
    South East University, Nanjing, China.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand. South East University, Nanjing, China.
    Sabourova, Natalia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Grip, Niklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Matematiska vetenskaper.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.
    Fatigue Assessment of Reinforced Concrete Railway Bridge based on a Coupled Dynamic System2020Inngår i: Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, ISSN 1573-2479, E-ISSN 1744-8980Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a fatigue damage assessment methodology of a reinforced concrete bridge based on a train bridge coupled dynamic analysis system. This coupling system is composed of a vehicle a ballasted track and a bridge structure to realize a coupled vibration analysis during train passages. This methodology adopts the Palmgren Miner rule to linearly accumulate fatigue damage, and accomplishes fatigue assessment based on recommended SN relationships for reinforced concrete from various criteria. In this paper, the dynamic performances of a bridge structure are analyzed with two different vehicle models, a moving load model (and a moving spring mass damper model). Calculated dynamic stresses areused to evaluate the fatigue damage of critical positions in a reinforced concrete bridge. A case study is carried out of a railway arch bridge with a span of 89 m, Långforsen Bridge. It runs over Kalix River on the railway between Kalix and Morjärv in northern Sweden The fatigue assessment is made by combining the presented methodology with measurements. Furthermore, the effects of train speed and axle load on fatigue damage are investigated. The results indicate that good estimations of the fatigue damage assessment are made for four measured cases based on a train-bridge coupled dynamic analysis. For low speeds and light loads no difference could be seen in the cumulative fatigue damage for the two vehicle models. But high speeds and/or heavy load ssignificantly affect the fatigue damage.

1 - 19 of 19
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf