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  • 1.
    Howcroft, Debra
    et al.
    University of Manchester, UK.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    A Typology of Crowdwork Platforms2019Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 21-38Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite growing interest in the gig economy among academics, policy makers and media commentators, the area is replete with different terminology, definitional constructs and contested claims about the ensuing transformation of work organisation. The aim of this positional piece is to provide a timely review and classification of crowdwork. A typology is developed to map the complexity of this emerging terrain, illuminating range and scope by critically synthesising empirical findings and issues from multidisciplinary literatures. Rather than side-tracking into debates as to what exactly constitutes crowdwork, the purpose of the typology is to highlight commonalities rather than distinctions, enabling connections across areas. The framework serves as a heuristic device for considering the broader implications for work and employment in terms of control and coordination, regulation and classification, and collective agency and representation.

  • 2.
    Padyab, Ali Mohammad
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Päivärinta, Tero
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system. University of Oulu, Finland.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Awareness of Indirect Information Disclosure on Social Network Sites2019Ingår i: Social Media + Society, ISSN 2056-3051, E-ISSN 2056-3051, Vol. 5, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates user awareness and attitudes toward potential inferences of information posted on social network sites (SNSs). The study reports how user attitudes change after exposure to inferences made based upon information they have disclosed on an SNS, namely, on Facebook. To demonstrate this, two sub-studies involving three focus group sessions were conducted with Facebook users. In the first sub-study, the users received a general introduction to information that can be inferred from posts by using a prototypical privacy-enhancement tool called DataBait. Then, the second sub-study allowed the users to witness the potential inferences of their own Facebook photos and posts by using the DataBait tool. Next, qualitative content analysis was conducted to analyze the results, and these showed that the participants’ attitudes toward privacy on SNSs changed from affective to cognitive when they became aware of potential inferences from actual information posted on their own Facebook accounts. The results imply that end users require more cognitive awareness regarding their genres of disclosure and the effect of their disclosures on their privacy. Moreover, as privacy awareness is contextual, there is a need for more research and development of online tools that will allow users to manage and educate themselves.

  • 3.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Georges, Annabel
    imec.livinglabs.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Schuurman, Dimitri
    imec.livinglabs.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    A Taxonomy of Factors Influencing Drop-Out Behaviour in Living Lab Field Tests2018Ingår i: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, s. 5-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of a “living lab” is a relatively new research area and phenomenon that facilitates user engagement in open innovation activities. Studies on living labs show that the users’ motivation to participate in a field test is higher at the beginning of the project than during the rest of the test, and that participants have a tendency to drop out before completing the assigned tasks. However, the literature still lacks theories describing the phenomenon of drop-out within the area of field tests in general and living lab field tests in particular. As the first step in constructing a theoretical discourse, the aims of this study are to present an empirically derived taxonomy for the various factors that influence drop-out behaviour; to provide a definition of “drop-out” in living lab field tests; and to understand the extent to which each of the identified items influence participant drop-out behaviour. To achieve these aims, we first extracted factors influencing drop-out behaviour in the field test from our previous studies on the topic, and then we validated the extracted results across 14 semi-structured interviews with experts in living lab field tests. Our findings show that identified reasons for dropping out can be grouped into three themes: innovation-related, process-related, and participant-related. Each theme consists of three categories with a total of 44 items. In this study, we also propose a unified definition of “drop-out” in living lab field tests.

  • 4.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Georges, Annabel
    imec .livinglabs , Belgium.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Schuurman, Dimitri
    imec .livinglabs , Belgium.
    Drop-out in living lab field test: analyzing consequences and some recommendations2018Ingår i: Twenty-Sixth European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS2018), Portsmouth, UK, 2018, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Involving individual users in the process of information systems development is a key dimension of open innovation. Living Labs are socio-technical systems that facilitate information systems development by integrating technical, social and organizational structures and focusing on individuals, tasks, technologies and the interactions between different stakeholders. Testing digital innovations in real-life use context is one of the key components of Living Labs. The users’ motivations to participate in Living Lab field tests at the beginning of the project are usually higher than once the field tests are underway. However, there is a dearth of research on other issues related to participants’ drop-out in Living Lab field tests. This study contributes to the existing literature by investigating the consequences of drop-out in Living Lab field tests and providing recommendations that would facilitate prolonged user engagement. The paper also discusses some ethical considerations regarding involvement of participants within Living Lab field tests. In doing so, we interviewed fourteen Living Lab experts in two Living Labs in Sweden and Belgium. Based on these interviews, we propose a first set of consequences, recommendations and ethical considerations to take into account when setting up Living Lab field tests. Keywords: User

  • 5.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    et al.
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, Umeå.
    Pohl, Petra
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, Umeå.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, Umeå.
    Skelton, Dawn A.
    School of Health and Life Sciences, Institute of Applied Health Research, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK.
    Melander Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, Umeå.
    Gender perspective on older people’s exercise preferences and motivators in the context of falls prevention: a qualitative Study2018Ingår i: BioMed Research International, ISSN 2314-6133, E-ISSN 2314-6141, artikel-id 6865156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Several factors have previously been identified to positively influence the uptake and adherence for fall prevention exercise programmes. There is, however, a lack of studies investigating if men and women differ in their views and preferences for fall prevention exercises. Aim. To explore exercise preferences and motivators of older community-dwelling women and men in the context of falls prevention from a gender perspective. Methods. Workshops including multistage focus group discussions were conducted with 18 older community-dwelling people with and without history of falls. Participants were purposively selected and divided into two groups. Each group met on six occasions over a period of five months. Participatory and Appreciative Action and Reflection methodology was used to guide the discussions. A qualitative content analysis approach was used in the analysis. Results. Older participants had many diverse preferences and confirmed that individually tailored exercise, in terms of mode, intensity, challenge, and social context, is important. Moreover, important factors for exercise adherence and maintenance included the experience of individual confirmation; different spirit lifters to increase enjoyment; and personal tricks to maintain exercise routines. The individual differences within genders were more diverse than the differences between women and men. Conclusion. Exercise interventions to prevent falls should be individually tailored, based on the specific needs and preferences of the older participant, and do not appear to require gender specific approaches. To increase adherence, intrinsic motivation for exercise may be encouraged by competence enhancing confirmations, energizing spirit lifters, and practical tips for exercise maintenance. The study provides an awareness about women’s and men’s preferences for fall prevention exercises, and this information could be used as guidance in designing inclusive exercise interventions.

  • 6.
    Rizk, Aya
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Elragal, Ahmed
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Towards A Taxonomy of Data-driven Digital Services2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitization is transforming every domain nowadays, leading to a growing body of knowledge on digital service innovation. Coupled with the generation and collection of big data, data-driven digital services are becoming of great importance to business, economy and society. This paper aims to classify the different types of data-driven digital services, as a first step to understand their characteristics and dynamics. A taxonomy is developed and the emerging characteristics include data acquisition mechanisms, data exploitation, insights utilization, and service interaction characteristics. The examined services fall into 15 distinct types and are further clustered into 3 classes of types: distributed analytics intermediaries, visual data-driven services, and analytics-embedded services. Such contribution enables service designers and providers to understand the key aspects in utilizing data and analytics in the design and delivery of their services. The taxonomy is set out to shape the direction and scope of scholarly discourse around digital service innovation research and practice.

  • 7.
    Osman, Ahmed M. Shahat
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Elragal, Ahmed
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Big Data Analytics and Smart Cities: A Loose or Tight Couple?2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the International Conference on ICT, Society and Human Beings 2017: Part of the Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems 2017 / [ed] Kommers P.,Rodrigues L., IADIS , 2017, s. 157-168Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart City (SC) is an emerging concept aiming at mitigating the challenges raised due to the continuous urbanization development. To face these challenges, government decision makers sponsor SC projects targeting sustainable economic growth and better quality of life for inhabitants and visitors. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) is the enabling technology for smartening. These technologies yield massive volumes of data known as Big Data (BD). If spawned BD are integrated and analyzed, both city decision makers and citizens can benefit from valuable insights and information services. The process of extracting information and insights from BD is known as Big Data Analytics (BDA). Although BDA involves non-trivial challenges, it attracted academician and industrialist. Surveying the literature reveals the novelty and increasing interest in addressing BD applications in SCs. Although literature is replete with abundant number of articles about SCs applications harnessing BD, comprehensive discussion on BDA frameworks fitting SCs requirements is still needed. This paper attempts to fill this gap. It is a systematic literature review on BDA frameworks in SCs. In this review, we will try to answer the following research questions: what are the big data analytics frameworks applied in smart cities? what are the functional gaps in the current available frameworks? what are the conceptual guidelines of designing integrated scalable big data analytics frameworks for smart cities purposes? The paper concludes with a proposal for a novel conceptual analytics framework to serve SCs requirements. Additionally, open issues and further research directions are presented.

  • 8.
    Rizk, Aya
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Elragal, Ahmed
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Digital Service Innovation Enabled by Big Data Analytics: A Review and the Way Forward2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2017, University of Hawai'i at Manoa , 2017, s. 1247-1256Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Service innovation is attracting attention with the expanding service industries and economies. Accompanied by major developments in ICT and sensory and digital technologies, the interest in digital service innovation (DSI), both from academia and industry, is increasing. Digitization and the accompanying technological advancements are leading to phenomena that call for extensive research in relation to service innovation; one of which is big data analytics (BDA). In this paper, we review the DSI literature and explore how BDA can contribute along the different dimensions of DSI. The ex post literature suffers from the lack of such studies. Accordingly, we suggest a research agenda for BDA-enabled DSI, motivated by emerging research gaps, as well as opportunities and guiding research questions. It is expected that such research agenda will contribute to shape an ex ante research efforts in an attempt to advance the state-of-the-art in BDA-enabled DSI.

  • 9.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Georges, Annabel
    imec - mict - Ghent University.
    Schuurman, Dimitri
    imec - mict - Ghent University.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Drop-out in Living Lab Field Tests: A Contribution to the Definition and the Taxonomy2017Ingår i: Research Day Conference proceedings 2017: OpenLivingLab Days, Krakow: ENoLL - European Network of Living Labs , 2017, s. 7-20Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on living labs show that the users’ motivation to participate in a field test is higher at the beginning of the project than during the rest of the test, and that users tend to dropout before completing the assigned tasks. However, the literature still lacks theories describing the phenomenon of drop-out within the area of living lab field tests. As the first step of developing a theoretical discourse, the aim of this study is to present an empirically derived taxonomy for the various influential factors on drop-out behavior and to provide a definition for drop-out in living lab field tests. To achieve this goal, we first extracted factors influencing drop-out in the field test by conducting a short literature review on the topic, and then triangulated the factors across 14 semi-structured interviews with experts in living lab field tests. Our findings show that identified reasons for drop-out can be grouped in three categories: innovation-related, research-related and participant-related. Each category in turn, consists of three subcategories with a total of 45 items for drop-out in living lab field tests. In this study, we also explore different types of drop-out and propose a definition for drop-out in living lab field tests.

  • 10.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Padyab, Ali
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Exploring Factors Influencing Participant Drop-Out Behavior in a Living Lab Environment2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems: 8th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2017, Halden, Norway, August 6-8, 2017, Proceedings / [ed] Susanne Stigberg, Joackim Karlsen, Harald Holone, Cathrine Linnes, Cham: Springer, 2017, s. 28-40Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of “living lab” is a rather new phenomenon that facilitates user involvement in open innovation activities. The users’ motivations to contribute to the living lab activities at the beginning of the project are usually higher than once the activities are underway. However, the literature still lacks an understanding of what actions are necessary to reduce the likelihood of user drop-out throughout the user engagement process. This study aims to explore key factors that are influential on user drop-out in a living lab setting by engaging users to test an innovation during the pilot phase of the application’s development. The stability of the prototype, ease of use, privacy protection, flexibility of the prototype, effects of reminders, and timing issues are the key influential factors on user drop-out behavior. This paper summarizes the key lessons learned from the case study and points to avenues for future research.

  • 11.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Grane, Camilla
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Wykowska, Agnieszka
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Work and Organization in a Digital Industrial Context2017Ingår i: Management Revue, ISSN 0935-9915, E-ISSN 1861-9908, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 281-297Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are clear signs that digitalization attempts such as Industry 4.0 will becomemore apparent in workplaces. This development requires reflections and considerationsso we do not create more problems than we solve. In our paper, we have raisedseveral questions related to the Industry 4.0 that need answers: Is Industry 4.0 a discourse,an organizational model, or just technology? Does the requirement for flexibilitycall for a new labour market? How will Industry 4.0 affect competence andskill requirements? Will Industry 4.0 encourage a new gender order? Will Industry4.0 take over dangerous routine work or will old work environmental problems appearin new contexts and for other groups of workers? Can we rely on robots aswork mates or will they spy on us and report to management? Based on our analysis,we addressed four knowledge gaps that need more research in relation to thedigitalization of work: The relationship between new technology, working conditions,qualifications, identity, and gender; the future of the workers' collective;crowdsourcing in an industrial context; and human-machine interaction with a focuson integrity issues.

  • 12.
    Padyab, Ali
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Päivärinta, Tero
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Facebook Users Attitudes towards Secondary Use of Personal Information2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the Thirty Seventh International Conference on Information Systems: ICIS 2016, 2016, s. 1-15Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of how user attitudes to institutional privacy change after exposing users to potential inferences that can be made from information disclosed on Facebook. Two sets of focus group sessions with Facebook users were conducted. Three sessions were conducted by demonstrating to the users, on a general level, what can be inferred from posts using prototypical software called DataBait. Another set of three sessions let the users experience the potential inferences from their own actual Facebook profiles by using the DataBait tool. Findings suggest that the participants’ attitudes to secondary use of information changed from affective to cognitive when they were exposed to potential third-party inferences using their own actual personal information. This observation calls for more research into online tools that allow users to manage and educate themselves dynamically about their own disclosure practices.

  • 13.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    How to sustain user engagement over time: A research agenda2016Ingår i: AMCIS 2016: Surfing the IT Innovation Wave - 22nd Americas Conference on Information Systems, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    User participation in the Information Systems (IS) user studies has become a popular and widely studied research topic. Understanding of how users should be involved in the projects and how to deal with the various challenges of involving users is important. Keeping users motivated over the time is one of the biggest challenges in the process of user involvement. As the first step of research on how to build a sustained user engagement, the aim of this study is to identify, categorize and sum up existing research on why people drop-out of user studies before the project or activity has ended. The main findings of our study indicate that the performance of the prototype, user selection, user preparation, interaction with the users, privacy concerns and scheduling are highly influential on this issue. Based on the findings, this study also proposes a research agenda to guide future studies in this area.

  • 14.
    Eriksson, Carina Ihlström
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Halmstad University.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Introduction to the co-creating innovations minitrack2016Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy, Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Lindgren, Helena
    Umeå University, Department of Computing Science.
    Pohl, Petra
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering, Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering, Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy, Technical University of Denmark.
    Towards a mobile exercise application to prevent falls: A participatory design process2016Ingår i: International Journal of Child Health and Human Development, ISSN 1939-5965, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 389-398Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this cross-disciplinary project senior citizens and researchers participated in the collaborative design and development of a mobile exercise application to prevent falls. The methods Form-IT and Participator) and Appreciative Action and Reflection (PAAR) were applied in a series of workshops, facilitating the creation of new knowledge and a socio-technical platform for an end-user development process. The participation of the older people was key to understanding the broad range of preferences and motivational aspects. The outcomes emerged into prototypes, which were composed using the ACKTUS platform for end-user development, resulting in a dynamic application, easily adaptable to future needs and studies.

  • 16.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Towards a User Engagement Process Model in Open Innovation2016Ingår i: The ISPIM Innovation Summit, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 4-7 December 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on open innovation have increasingly emphasized the role of individual users as collaborators in the innovation processes. Keeping users enthusiastically engaged throughout the information systems development (ISD) process for open innovation approaches is of crucial importance, specifically when the participation is voluntary. Although a few studies exist that have presented process models for user engagement, none of them are specifically based on the voluntary contribution of the users in an open environment, nor included the detailed attributes of the phenomenon of user drop-outs in their presented models. By combining the results of a comprehensive literature review and a qualitative case study of user engagement, this study aims to develop a user engagement process model that includes the variety of reasons for user drop-out, and then to present some practical guidelines that would facilitate prolonged user engagement in the ISD process in an open innovation environment.

  • 17.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Eriksson, Carina Ihlström
    Halmstad University.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    A Model for Reflective Participatory Design: The Role of Participation, Voice and Space2015Ingår i: 21st Americas Conference on Information Systems: AMCIS 2015, Puerto Rico, 13 - 15 August 2015, Americas Conference on Information Systems , 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to contribute to the participatory tradition in health informatics by presenting a model for reflective participatory design emerging from qualitative fieldwork in a participatory project aimed to improve the health and wellbeing of older people in the northern periphery regions of Europe, through new mobile services. The model brings together two established processes in novel ways: systems development and user participation. Within each process three concepts are presented to facilitate discussion and reflection at the concept level, the process level and the integrated process level.

  • 18.
    Pohl, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering, Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy, Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Olsson, Lillemor Lundin
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering, Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Fall risk awareness and safety precautions taken by older community-dwelling women and men: A qualitative study using focus group discussions2015Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, nr 3, artikel-id e0119630Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Daily life requires frequent estimations of the risk of falling and the ability to avoid a fall. The objective of this study was to explore older women's and men's understanding of fall risk and their experiences with safety precautions taken to prevent falls.METHODS: A qualitative study with focus group discussions was conducted. Eighteen community-dwelling people [10 women and 8 men] with and without a history of falls were purposively recruited. Participants were divided into two groups, and each group met four times. A participatory and appreciative action and reflection approach was used to guide the discussions. All discussions were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed by qualitative content analysis, and categories were determined inductively.FINDINGS: Three categories describing the process of becoming aware of fall risks in everyday life were identified: 1] Facing various feelings, 2] Recognizing one's fall risk, and 3] Taking precautions. Each category comprised several subcategories. The comprehensive theme derived from the categories was "Safety precautions through fall risk awareness". Three strategies of ignoring [continuing a risky activity], gaining insight [realizing the danger in a certain situation], and anticipating [thinking ahead and acting in advance] were related to all choices of actions and could fluctuate in the same person in different contexts.CONCLUSIONS: The fall risk awareness process might be initiated for various reasons and can involve different feelings and precautions as well as different strategies. This finding highlights that there are many possible channels to reach older people with information about fall risk and fall prevention, including the media and their peers. The findings offer a deeper understanding of older peoples' conceptualizations about fall risk awareness and make an important contribution to the development and implementation of fall prevention programmes.

  • 19.
    Olsson, Lillemor Lundin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering. Sjukgymnastik.
    Pohl, Petra
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering. Sjukgymnastik.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering. Sjukgymnastik.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering. Sjukgymnastik.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Fall risk awareness in older community-dwelling people in northern Sweden: A qualitative study with focus groups2015Ingår i: Physiotherapy, ISSN 0031-9406, E-ISSN 1873-1465, Vol. 101, nr Suppl. 1, s. e1217-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Pohl, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering, Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy, Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Olsson, Lillemor Lundin
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering, Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy, Technical University of Denmark.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Identified ways to raise awareness about fall risk in everyday life in older community-dwelling people: a study using multistage focus groups2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Eriksson, Carina Ihlström
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Halmstad University.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Places and Spaces within Living Labs2015Ingår i: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 5, nr 12, s. 37-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we propose the concepts of places and spaces as conceptual tools to facilitate the organization of innovation activities within living labs. We have taken a pragmatic perspective on these concepts regarding how they are integrated in design situations, and how different types of places and spaces can facilitate or hinder innovation. We have found that, by applying openness, realism, and influence in the different spaces of our living lab milieus, they have transformed into many different places depending on the stakeholders involved, the methods chosen, and the facilitation of activities. Hence, by understanding this line of reasoning, living lab managers can make more informed decisions and plans for innovation activities.

  • 22.
    Johansson, Jan-Olov
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Project: EAA - Ericsson Application Awards2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Samarbetspartner med Ericsson Research under deras arrangemang av Ericsson Application Awards, en internationell utvecklartävling för mobila applikationer. I detta ingick att göra undersökningar bland deltagarna för att skapa en ökad förståelse för drivkrafterna bakom deltagandet samt hur en sådan här typ av tävling har för påverkan som drivkraft för tjänsteinnovation.

  • 23.
    Johansson, Jan-Olov
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wennberg, Paula
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Broberg, Anders
    Institutionen för Datavetenskap, Umeå Universitet.
    Palmquist, Lena
    Institutionen för Datavetenskap, Umeå Universitet.
    Lidgren, Aron
    Alec Consulting AB.
    Bengtsson, Johan
    Internit, Sverige.
    Davoli, Lorenzo
    Designhögskolan, Umeå Universitet.
    Kuenen, Stoffel
    Designhöskolan, Umeå Universitet.
    Börjesson, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Project: SATIN - System för användardriven tjänsteinnovation2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The overall mission of SATIN is to empower end-users without programming skills to create mobile-services, and to share services with other end-users. In the project researchers from Luleå University of Technology and Umeå University join forces together with different industrial actors to solve the issues on technologies for mobile service-creation, user-driven service design and implementation and the future mobile service business ecosystem.

  • 24.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ihlström-Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Stakeholders in Smart City Living Lab Processes2015Ingår i: 21st Americas Conference on Information Systems: AMCIS 2015, Puerto Rico, 13 - 15 August 2015, Americas Conference on Information Systems , 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasing urbanization around the world, cities are growing at fast pace and following that, many cities face problems that includes both hard and soft issues. This can for instance be transportation, energy suppliance, social inclusion and quality of life for its citizens. As a way to contribute to solving these problems the smart city concept has emerged. This concept is focusing on capitalizing on ICT landscape in a strategic way. To achieve a smart city it is important to start with understanding the people and their needs, which can be supported by a Living Lab. These Living Lab involve a multitude of stakeholders in their innovation processes and thus, it becomes important to understand the power dependencies, claims and roles these stakeholders have. Thus, the aim of this paper is to explores the stakeholders that are involved in smart city innovation processes supported by Living Lab

  • 25.
    Marlene, Sandlund
    et al.
    Umeå university.
    Lindgren, Helena
    Umeå university.
    Pohl, Petra
    Umeå university.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Olsson, Lillemor Lundin
    Umeå university.
    Towards a mobile exercise application to prevent falls: a participatory design process2015Ingår i: Technology, Rehabilitation and Empowerment of People with Special Needs, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated , 2015, s. 157-168Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 26.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Howcroft, Debra
    Manchester Business School.
    Amazon Mechanical Turk and the Commodification of labour2014Ingår i: New technology, work and employment, ISSN 0268-1072, E-ISSN 1468-005X, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 213-223Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 27.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Nielsen, Peter AxelAalborg University.
    Creating Value for All Through IT: IFIP WG 8.6 International Conference on Transfer and Diffusion of IT, TDIT 2014, Aalborg, Denmark, June 2-4, 2014. Proceedings2014Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the IFIP WG 8.6 International Working Conference "Creating Value for All Through IT" on Transfer and Diffusion of IT, TDIT 2014, held in Aalborg, Denmark, in June 2014. The 18 revised full papers presented together with 5 research-in-progress papers, 2 experience reports and a panel were carefully reviewed and selected from 37 submissions. The full papers are organized in the following topical sections: creating value; creating value through software development; and creating value through applications.

  • 28.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Howcroft, Debra
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Disregarding history: Contemporary IS contexts and participatory design2014Ingår i: Communications of the Association for Information Systems, ISSN 1529-3181, E-ISSN 1529-3181, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 1319-1332, artikel-id 68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    User participation has long been seen as a core topic of study within the IS field, yet its relevance to contemporary development environments and contexts has recently been brought into question. The aim of this article is to investigate the extent to which this rich history and experience is used to inform contemporary practices. We provide a survey that evaluates the degree to which PD (participatory design) is currently represented in the IS literature, the results of which reveal a low representation. Based on these findings, a number of propositions are offered. © 2014 by the Association for Information Systems.

  • 29.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Open data in Europe: mapping user groups to future innovation impacts2014Ingår i: IRIS: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsson; Jacob Nørbjerg; Jan Pries-Heje, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) , 2014, s. 160-176Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to advance our understanding of how re-users are being portrayed in policy documents and in a set of topic reports. Drawing on user innovation theories, implications are discussed for the future innovation scene and its main identified user groups: companies and developers, researchers, journalists and non-governmental organisations. Findings reveal differences between the two types of documents, both in relation to the user groups presented and their role in the value chain. While the policy documents mainly acknowledged user groups belonging to the ICT sector and emphasised economic values, the topic reports presented a much more diverse and heterogeneous view of open data users; revealing that there is no ‘one’ user group and impact’, rather, outcomes such as service innovation were related to all user groups. In particular, possible implications for innovation were related to three areas: 1) which re-user groups are acknowledged in the selected policy documents and topic reports?, 2) where in the data value chain are the different re-users placed and what value are they expected to generate?, 3) how might the current way of portraying re-users in policy documents and topic reports influence the shaping of the emerging open data innovation scene? For conclusion, this paper points to the identified simplistic view of user group’s relation to innovation in the policy documents as a possible hindrance for obtaining a broad innovation scene where heterogeneous innovations can emerge.

  • 30.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Howcroft, Debra
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Persistent problems and practices in information systems development: a study of mobile applications development and distribution2014Ingår i: Information Systems Journal, ISSN 1350-1917, E-ISSN 1365-2575, Vol. 24, nr 5, s. 425-444Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The widespread uptake of mobile technologies has witnessed a re-structuring of the mobile market with major shifts in the predominance of particular firms and the emergence of new business models. These sociotechnical trends are significant in the ways that they are influencing and shaping the working lives of software professionals. Building on prior research investigating the persistent problems and practices of systems development, this paper examines mobile applications development and distribution. A qualitative study of 60 developers based in Sweden, the UK and the USA was analysed around the interrelated problems of diversity, knowledge and structure. The analysis revealed how platform-based development in an evolving mobile market represents significant changes at the business environment level. These changes ripple through and accentuate ongoing trends and developments, intensifying the persistent problems and challenges facing software developers.

  • 31.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Åberg, Anna-Christina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Sverige.
    Halvorsen, Kjartan
    Uppsala universitet.
    von Essen, Louise
    Uppsala universitet.
    From, Ingrid
    Sjöström, Jonas
    Uppsala univ..
    McKee, Kevin
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Bruhn, Åsa
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Lundin Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå univ..
    Friberg, Helena
    Landstinget Dalarna.
    Project: e-Balance2014Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 32.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Shaping local open data initiatives: politics and implications2014Ingår i: Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, ISSN 0718-1876, E-ISSN 0718-1876, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 17-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores different perspectives attributed to the open data initiatives and how these perspectives shape the opening-up process. A socio-technical lens, the social construction of technology, was used to analyse a qualitative cross-case study of two Swedish municipalities. Findings revealed two ways of interpreting open data initiatives: 1) as a platform for techno-economic growth and 2) as a platform for co-created societal growth. These two approaches addressed the municipalities respective contextual challenges and interests alongside national recommendations in their aims to realize the open data initiative. In doing so, they diverged into the evolvement toward two different ends: the realization of open data and the realization of open government. To excel the understanding of actions taken to meet these ends, an additional set of differences between these municipalities is provided within a sociotechnical framework that allows us to discuss diverging evolvements of open data initiatives based on agreed and non-agreed interpretations of what is believed to be constructed.

  • 33.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Lindgren, Helena
    Umeå University, Department of Computing Science.
    Pohl, Petra
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå University, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Towards a mobile exercise application to prevent falls: a participatory design process2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 34.
    Pohl, Petra
    et al.
    Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Umeå universitet.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Umeå universitet.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Umeå universitet.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Older women and men as co-creators in design of a mobile application for fall prevention2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionThere is a plethora of fall prevention programs for older community-dwelling people. The evidence for exercise-based programs is strong. There is a problem however with implementation and adherence. Motivational factors and barriers have been identified to some extent. Previous studies have shown that what works best is when exercise programs are tailor made, home based, and when people have access to personal feedback on a regular basis. Mobile applications for Smartphones with exercises have these advantages, and have been available for a long time, but these are most commonly directed to young and middle-aged people. There are no applications for fall prevention developed based on senior’s own wishes. The aim was to investigate how healthy older community-dwelling women and men reason and what exercises they prefer when participating in development and design of a fall prevention program in shape of a mobile application for Smartphones.Method Participatory and appreciative action research design with focus group interviews and workshops. Qualitative data analysis.Results The preliminary results show that when older community-dwelling men and women participate in developing a fall prevention program for Smartphones, they have many ideas, thoughts and experiences that may serve as a motivational factor for following a fall prevention program regularly.ConclusionThe implementation and adherence for evidence based fall preventative exercise programs is insufficient. This study will gain knowledge to design tailor made, home based fall prevention exercise programs among community-dwelling healthy seniors.

  • 35.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Pohl, Petra
    Institutet för samhällmedicin och rehabilitering, Umeå universitet.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Olsson, Lillemor Lundin
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Older women and men as co-creators in design of a mobile application for fall prevention2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 36.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Isaksson, Lennart
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Verksamhetsstöd, VSS Utveckling.
    Project: MyHealth@Age2013Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    MyHealth@Age projektet utvecklade tjänster och produkter som aktivt involverar äldre personer i deras egen vård- och omsorg för att de ska få bättre hälsa, trygghet och välbefinnande. Målsättningen var att de äldre ska förbli så friska och välmående att de klarar sig själva 3-5 år längre än vad som annars vore fallet. På så sätt ökas de äldres livskvalitet samtidigt som vård- och omsorgsorganisationerna ges bättre verksamhetsförutsättningar. I nära samverkan med äldre slutanvändare, vård- och omsorgspersonal, leverantörer och forskare utvecklades produkter och tjänster för mobilt trygghetslarm, ordinerad egenvård samt social samverkan. Syftet var att de nya produkterna och tjänsterna ska bli viktiga för medverkande aktörers konkurrenskraft, tillväxtmöjligheter (företag) och verksamhetsförutsättningar (organisationer).De vård- och omsorgsorganisationer som involverades i det svenska fältprovet var Luleå och Bodens kommun samt Norrbottens läns landsting. Projektet genomfördes januari 2008-december 2010. Fältprov genomfördes september 2009 – november 2010 i Boden/Luleå, Tromsö och Belfast för utvärdering och vidareutveckling av tjänsterna och produkterna. Fältproven involverade 15-tal äldre slutanvändare per land samt berörd primärvård- och kommunal omsorgspersonal. Totalt var 15 organisationer och företag engagerade i projektet. MyHealth@Age projektet finansierades av EU programmet Norra Periferin.

  • 37.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Howcroft, Debra
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    The Apple business model: Crowdsourcing mobile applications2013Ingår i: Accounting Forum, ISSN 0155-9982, E-ISSN 1467-6303, Vol. 37, nr 4, s. 280-289Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Much to Apple's chagrin, the ‘suicide express’ at the Foxconn manufacturing complex in China has been widely reported. While outsourcing the manufacture of technology components is neither new nor unique, the external sourcing of digital content is integral to the success of Apple's business model. In 2008, Apple opened up their platform to third-party IT developers, leveraging their expertise for the supply of applications. Apple's rapid dominance of the mobile market led to the emergence of a business model that weaves together Internet-enabled mobile devices with digital content, brought together within a closed proprietary platform or ecosystem. Applying a Global Production Network analysis, this paper reports on fieldwork among Apple mobile application developers in Sweden, the UK, and the US. The analysis shows that although some developers experience success, financial returns remain elusive and many encounter intense pressure to generate and market new products in a competitive and saturated market. Crowdsourcing allows Apple to effectively source development to a global base of software developers, capitalizing on the mass production of digital products while simultaneously managing to sidestep the incurred costs and responsibilities associated with directly employing a high-tech workforce.

  • 38.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Howcroft, Debra
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    ‘The future’s bright, the future’s mobile’: a study of Apple and Google mobile application developers2013Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 27, nr 6, s. 964-981Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Software work is often depicted as a ‘sunrise occupation’, consisting of knowledge workers that are able to craft stable careers. The aim of this article is to question this account by analysing the experiences of mobile applications developers, with a focus on Apple and Google platforms. The analysis is situated in the context of wider socioeconomic trends and developments in product and technology markets, since these structures frame the working practices of software developers. Drawing on qualitative fieldwork in Sweden, the UK, and the US, the study reveals how changing market structures have given rise to increasingly precarious working conditions and unstable labour markets.

  • 39.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wiberg, Mikael
    Informatics, Umeå University.
    User driven service design and innovation platforms2013Ingår i: HCI International 2013 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings / [ed] Constantine Stephanidis, Berlin: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2013, Vol. 1, s. 3-7Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 40.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Voluntary contributors in open innovation processes2013Ingår i: Managing Open Innovation Technologies, Berlin: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2013, s. 133-149Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a trend among many organisations to open up their innovation processes and invite more stakeholders to contribute to it. One of these stakeholders is the voluntary contributor. Few studies have documented the motivation and value of participating in these processes from their perspective. The purpose of this chapter is thus to explore the motivation behind these contributors participation in open innovation activities and the benefits it has. This study shows that the strongest motivation for their participation is to stimulate their curiosity. The involvement also leads to increased knowledge and a pronounced eagerness to start using innovations.

  • 41.
    Pohl, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Olsson, Lillemor Lundin
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    Institutet för samhällsvetenskap och rehabilitering, Umeå universitet.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Äldre män och kvinnor som med-aktörer i design av tränings-appar för fallprevention2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och syfte:Det finns en uppsjö av olika fallpreventiva evidensbaserade träningsprogram för äldre i ordinärt boende. Även om evidensgraden är hög för viss träning finns det svårigheter med att få äldre personer att utföra träningen. Vissa motivationsfaktorer och hindrande faktorer har redan identifierats och forskningen visar att skräddarsydda, hembaserade träningsprogram med möjlighet till regelbunden återkoppling är det som fungerar bäst. Applikationer till mobiltelefoner och surfplattor erbjuder denna möjlighet, och har funnits sedan en längre tid, men dessa vänder sig oftast till yngre och medelålders personer. Det finns ännu ingen applikation som är baserad på de äldres egna önskemål. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur friska äldre män och kvinnor i ordinärt boende resonerar och vilka övningar de föredrar när de deltar i utveckling och design av ett fallpreventivt träningsprogram i form av en applikation till smarta telefoner och surfplattor. Metoder:18 deltagare > 70 år. Deltagande och uppskattande aktionsforskning samt fokusgruppsintervjuer och workshops. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat:De preliminära resultaten visar att när äldre män och kvinnor i ordinärt boende deltar i utvecklingen av ett fallpreventivt träningsprogram för smarta telefoner och surfplattor har de många idéer, tankar och erfarenheter som kan fungera som motiverande faktorer i syfte att utföra regelbunden fallpreventiv träning. Konklusion:Implementeringen och följsamheten för evidensbaserade fallpreventiva träningsprogram är otillräcklig. Denna studie bidrar med kunskaper för att designa skräddarsydda, hembaserade fallpreventiva träningsprogram för friska äldre personer i ordinärt boende.

  • 42.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Styvén, Maria Ek
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Engström, Anne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Business models at work in the mobile service sector2012Ingår i: iBusiness, ISSN 2150-4075, E-ISSN 2150-4083, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 84-92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to enhance the knowledge of business models in the mobile service sector by exploring their key mechanisms and underlying components. By combining the business model literature with empirical interview-based case studies of 69 business models in the mobile service sector, it illustrates the findings of a longitudinal case study of a business model design attached to an iPhone application. A model for managing business model design in an open innovation context of mobile services is proposed. The model extends earlier frameworks by adding contingency aspects and the view of core resources for addressing logics in the dynamic sector. Findings highlight the importance of ventures in the mobile service sector continually managing the business model design in order to support the sustainability of their business models.

  • 43.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Jansson, Maria
    Norrbottens Läns Landsting.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Från MobiHealth till MyHealth@Age: utveckling av teknik med deltagande metodik2012Ingår i: E-hälsa: innovationer, metoder, interventioner och perspektiv, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, s. 33-54Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 44.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Pohl, Petra
    Umeå univ..
    Sandlund, Marlene
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Lindgren, Helena
    Umeå univ..
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Umeå univ..
    Project: Early signs of mobility limitations and fall events in old age: long-term consequences and tailored preventive interventions through interactive media2012Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this project are 1) to investigate the consequences over five years of early signs of mobility limitations expressed as fallevents, a changed walking pattern with a cognitive load (dual-task costs), and decreased balance confidence on severe fall-relatedinjuries, perceived health, participation, activities of daily living, and gait performance, and 2) to develop, together with older people,and evaluate tailored fall-prevention through interactive media in a randomized controlled trial with two arms.

  • 45.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Broberg, Anders
    Umeå universitet.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Davoli, Lorenzo
    Umeå universitet.
    Kuenen, Stoffel
    Umeå universitet.
    Palmquist, Lena
    Umeå universitet.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Synnes, Kåre
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wennberg, Paula
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    User toolkits for citizen-centric mobild service innovation2012Ingår i: eChallenges e-2012 Conference Proceedings / [ed] Paul Cunningham; Miriam Cunningham, IIMC International Information Management Corporation , 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world, there is an ongoing shift from en economy focusing on product development to an economy with focus on digital service development. An ongoing initiative in Europe to support this shift is the Internet of Services (IoS) which strives for a situation where everything that is needed to use a software is available as a service. The aim of this paper is to present a toolkit that non-programmers can use develop their own innovative mobile services. This environment strives to put forth a situation where technologies are made available as components that easily can be composed into a mobile services by just about anyone. This has tremendous impact on the feasibility of citizen-centric services where citizens create apps based on their current needs in their contemporary situation.

  • 46.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Styvén, Maria Ek
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Engström, Anne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    CASE 7: Smart Growth MeMo: A business model tool for mobile services2011Ingår i: Meeting the challenges of Europe 2020: The Transformative Power of Service Innovation : Case studies collected by the expert panel on service innovation in the EU, Europe Innova , 2011, s. 12-12Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 47.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Howcroft, Debra
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Crowdsourcing and ICT work: a study of Apple and Google mobile phone application developers2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 48.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Exploring users motivation in innovation communities2011Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, ISSN 1368-275X, E-ISSN 1741-5098, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 298-314Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A rapid growth of technologies supporting user interaction on the Internet, such as social networking sites and other virtual communities, can be seen today. These virtual communities have been shown to be of great value to companies that want to involve users in their innovation processes. However, in order to guide organisations on how to utilise their innovation intermediary communities, more knowledge is needed regarding who they are and their motivational drivers for participating in a community. The aim of this paper therefore is to explore who the users are and what motivates them to contribute to innovation processes in an innovation intermediary community. The main findings of our study indicate that users' motivation to participate is influenced by community type as well as technology adoption type. This study show that in innovation intermediary communities, one important motivational factor for users is learning.

  • 49.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Living Labs – real-world experiments to support open service innovation2011Ingår i: eChallenges e-2011 Conference / [ed] Paul Cunningham; Miriam Cunningham, IIMC International Information Management Corporation , 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s competitive and dynamic market it is of vital importance for organizations to innovate their processes, products and services to survive. One emerging concept that assists these demands is the open service innovation approach that strives to open up organisational borders to support a continuous outflow and inflow of innovations. In this paper the aim is two-folded, firstly we aim to explore how a Living Lab approach with real-world tests can contribute in open innovation processes and secondly we aim to identify important aspects an organisation aiming to implement the concept needs to grapple with. In our study users tested and experimented with energy meters and energy visualisation tools in their home for 6 months with the aim to further develop the innovation. We have found that by applying real-world experimentation users contributed to the innovation in four different dimensions. We also found that an open innovation approach requires an organisation that is communicative which entails strategies and structures to support that role.

  • 50.
    Mulvenna, M.D.
    et al.
    University of Ulster.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Galbraith, B.
    University of Ulster.
    Wallace, J.
    University of Ulster.
    Martin, S.
    University of Ulster.
    Living Labs are innovation catalysts2011Ingår i: Innovation through Knowledge Transfer 2010, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2011, s. 253-264Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Living labs are increasingly facilitating new ways to stimulate innovation. They offer the possibility to catalyse how innovation can be carried out, focusing on user communities supported by information technology. However, living labs are poorly understood by the business community, in particular by small to medium companies who arguably have the potential to benefit most from accessing the services provided by living labs. This position paper sets out the context for the rising popularity of living labs, explaining how public-private-academic partnerships offer new ways or carrying out innovation activities that are increasingly user-orientated. The paper also discusses the issues and opportunities arising from this new approach.

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