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  • 1.
    Anokhin, Sergey
    et al.
    Department of Marketing and Entrepreneurship, Kent State University, Kent State University, Kent, OH.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnaeus University, Växjö.
    Strategic effects of corporate venture capital investments2016Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 5, s. 63-69Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the strategic effects of corporate venture capital investments. Specifically, by studying the deals of 163 corporations over a four-year period, it documents the effects of driving, emerging, enabling, and passive investments on the pool of innovative opportunities available to incumbents and the scale efficiency gains they experience as a result of these investments. The study suggests that by making driving and enabling investments, incumbents position themselves in the industry to take advantage of increased pools of innovative opportunities and improve scale efficiency yields. At the same time, emerging and passive investments are detrimental for both of the strategic goals considered in this paper.

  • 2.
    Antretter, Torben
    et al.
    University of St.Gallen, St.Gallen, Switzerland.
    Blohm, Ivo
    University of St.Gallen, St.Gallen, Switzerland.
    Grichnik, Dietmar
    University of St.Gallen, St.Gallen, Switzerland.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. University of St.Gallen, St.Gallen, Switzerland;Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Predicting new venture survival: A Twitter-based machine learning approach to measuring online legitimacy2019Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 11, artikel-id e00109Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research indicates that interactions on social media can reveal remarkably valid predictions about future events. In this study, we show that online legitimacy as a measure of social appreciation based on Twitter content can be used to accurately predict new venture survival. Specifically, we analyze more than 187,000 tweets from 253 new ventures’ Twitter accounts using context-specific machine learning approaches. Our findings suggest that we can correctly discriminate failed ventures from surviving ventures in up to 76% of cases. With this study, we contribute to the ongoing discussion on the importance of building legitimacy online and provide an account of how to use machine learning methodologies in entrepreneurship research.

  • 3.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. School of Business, Engineering and Science, Halmstad University, SE-971 87, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Department of Management and Organisation, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland. University of St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    What do they think and what do they say?: Gender bias, entrepreneurial attitude in writing and venture capitalists’ funding decisions2020Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 13, artikel-id e00154Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that women may be at a disadvantage when signaling that they are “entrepreneurial” to venture capitalists. We demonstrate how gender-based disadvantages may arise from role incongruence in entrepreneurship by analyzing multi-source data from 131 venture capital applications, venture capitalists’ cognitions, and their funding decisions. Our analysis indicates that women who signal an entrepreneurial attitude are more likely to elicit prevention considerations from venture capitalists, whereas men who signal such an attitude are more likely to elicit promotion considerations. We also find that promotion considerations increase the amount of financing, whereas prevention considerations decrease the amount of financing. Our study increases knowledge about the gendered cognitions that underlie implicit bias among investors and knowledge about the effects of regulatory focus on funding outcomes by exploring the interaction between gender and entrepreneurial attitude.

  • 4.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design. Halmstad University.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design. School of Economics.
    When stereotypical gender notions see the light of day, will they burst?: Venture capitalists' gender constructions versus venturing performance facts2018Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 9, s. 32-38Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although often discussed, there has been limited effort to match venture capitalists’ construction of gender notions with specific facts about the entrepreneurs’ venturing activities. This study shows how stereotypical gender notions of both men and women entrepreneurs are embedded in venture capitalists’ assessments and analyses as well as explores whether or not these notions have substance based on actual performance. Drawing on interview data and statistical analysis of objective key performance information from accounting reports, we identify four myths in the evaluations of 126 venture capital applications for governmental capital that do not have any significant empirical substance. We discuss these findings’ implications for the study of myths in women's entrepreneurship.

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  • 5.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. Department of Management and Organization, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki.
    Bank lending and financial discrimination from the formal economy: How women entrepreneurs get forced into involuntary bootstrapping2018Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 10, artikel-id e00096Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of banks, their decision models, and their linkages with how entrepreneurs can act as providers to the formal economy have not been focused on much in entrepreneurship research. We explore the trend of transaction-based lending among banks on entrepreneurs’ engagement in informal economic activities (or involuntary bootstrapping activities) and how that relationship is moderated by gender. The results show that women entrepreneurs who encounter banks with transaction-based lending are forced to engage in much more informal economic activities compared to men, while this gender bias vanishes when entrepreneurs face banks with relation-based lending. We associate these results with gender stereotyping and suggest transaction-based lending to be costly for the development of formal economies.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 6.
    Mohamadi, Ashkan
    et al.
    Hanken School of Economics, Vaasa.
    Peltonen, Juhana
    Hanken School of Economics, Vaasa.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Government efficiency and corruption: A country-level study with implications for entrepreneurship2017Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 8, s. 50-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    If and how the efficiency of governments plays a role in determining relationships between corruption and entrepreneurship has not been examined at length. The empirical findings on control of corruption are inconclusive, and our knowledge regarding the moderation of efficient or less-efficient governments is rather limited. Using a multisource panel dataset of 59 countries, we find that any conclusion suggesting that corruption is universally good or bad for entrepreneurship may risk being overstated because the degree to which governments are efficient moderates the nonlinear effects of control of corruption on entrepreneurship.

  • 7.
    Thorgren, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Sirén, Charlotta
    University of Vaasa , Global Center Entrepreneurship & Innovation, Institute of Technology Management, University of St.Gallen.
    Nordström, Carin
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Dalarna University.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Hybrid entrepreneurs' second-step choice: The nonlinear relationship between age and intention to enter full-time entrepreneurship2016Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 5, s. 14-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurs who run venture startups parallel to wage employment engage in so-called hybrid entrepreneurship. Not all hybrid entrepreneurs, however, eventually leave the wage employment to become a full-time entrepreneur (second-step entrepreneurship). Significant research has focused on first-step entrepreneurial choice (to engage in a business start-up), but much less has focused on a second-step entrepreneurial choice, which captures the transition to full-time entrepreneurship. The present study, which examines the second-step entrepreneurial choice, reveals a U-shaped relationship between age and the intention to enter full-time entrepreneurship. Interestingly, this contrasts with prior studies on the effects from age in the first-step entrepreneurship choice, demonstrating an inverted U-relationship between age and venture startup.

  • 8.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. CIEL - Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. University of St. Gallen, Institute of Technology Management, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    How much does the “same-gender effect” matter in VCs' assessments of entrepreneurs?2019Ingår i: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 12, artikel-id e00133Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our study uses cognitive mapping techniques to take into account how the same/opposite gender influences the cognitive evaluations of venture capitalists (VCs). Contrary to what has often been discussed in previous entrepreneurship literature, our results report women VCs evaluate women entrepreneurs more critically, and men VCs evaluate men entrepreneurs more critically. However, overall, the VCs' vaguer processing and lower rating of women's venturing compared to men's indicate a general structure of subordinating women's venturing compared to men's venturing. Ultimately, this contributes with an alternative view to explain what we see on the VC scene: women entrepreneurs are more likely to be rejected. We discuss implications of these results as well as implications for future study.

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