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  • 1.
    Lugnet, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system. Luleå University of Technology.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Innovation supports for small-scale development in rural regions: A Create, Build, Test & Learn approach2019Ingår i: International Journal of Product Development, ISSN 1477-9056, E-ISSN 1741-8178Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium sized firms’ businesses in rural regions typically address a home market and the delivery of niched products. This makes them exposed to business downturns, innovation is thus one way to survive and prosper. Small-scale product development is typically very hands-on, a sort of trial and error process. This experimental way is in favour for the implementation of innovation processes, but one challenge is the limited resources that firms can, or are willing to, spend on innovative work. A challenge is that procedures for organisational learning are lacking in the straightforward approach. The article describes the background and rationale for supporting small-scale manufacturing by introducing a support toolbox for early product development work. The support toolbox’s rationale is built upon learning cycles and communicative prototyping which may enhance innovation process capabilities.

  • 2.
    Bergström, Erik
    et al.
    School of Informatics, University of Skövde, Skövde.
    Lundgren, Martin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Revisiting information security risk management challenges: a practice perspective2019Ingår i: Information and Computer Security, ISSN 2056-4961, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 358-372Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The study aims to revisit six previously defined challenges in information security risk management to provide insights into new challenges based on current practices.

    Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on an empirical study consisting of in-depth interviews with representatives from public sector organisations. The data were analysed by applying a practice-based view, i.e. the lens of knowing (or knowings). The results were validated by an expert panel.

    Findings – Managerial and organisational concerns that go beyond a technical perspective have been . found, which affect the ongoing social build-up of knowledge in everyday information security work.

    Research limitations/implications – The study has delimitation as it consists of data from four public sector organisations, i.e. statistical analyses have not been in focus, while implying a better understanding of what and why certain actions are practised in their security work.

    Practical implications – The new challenges that have been identified offer a refined set of actionable advice to practitioners, which, for example, can support cost-efficient decisions and avoid unnecessary security trade-offs.

    Originality/value – Information security is increasingly relevant for organisations, yet little is still known about how related risks are handled in practice. Recent studies have indicated a gap between the espoused and the actual actions. Insights from actual, situated enactment of practice can advise on process adaption and suggest more fit approaches.

  • 3.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, ÅsaLuleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Addressing societal challenges2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    Lugnet, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Addressing team based innovation for small firms: Create, Build, Test & Learn2018Ingår i: Proceedings of International Design Conference: Design 2018, Dubrovnik: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture , 2018, s. 849-856Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Create-Build-Test-Learn supports toolbox for engineering concept development motivates not only experimentation, but also instils design thinking in teams. By offering tools and methods for reconstruction of the design challenge, the approach prevents teams to jump into a solution too quickly. When using prototyping as a team resource, reframing of the problem becomes part of the process, ensuring that efforts are put on solving the right problem. The article describes the contents of the toolbox as well as exemplifies how to use it. CBTL has been designed in particular to support SMEs.

  • 5.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Kaartinen, Heidi
    Centria Research & Development.
    Pieskä, Sakari
    Centria Research & Development.
    Vähäsöyrinki, Jouni
    Centria Research & Development.
    Deng Solvang, Wei
    The arctic university of Norway.
    Sziebig, Gabor
    The arctic university of Norway.
    Yu, Hao
    The arctic university of Norway.
    Björk, Erlend
    The arctic university of Norway.
    Innovations & Industrial Internet2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Innovations and Industrial Internet project was formed with partners from Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, Centria University of Applied Sciences, Finland, and University of Tromsø, campus Narvik, Norway. The work has addressed an increase in small and medium sized enterprises’ competences of applying modern digital technology to benefit product- and service development in the region. Almost 40 companies have been keenly involved in the project’s activities, which have included, for example, case studies, demonstrations, workshops and seminars. The close academia and company collaborations has resulted in SMEs’ test and evaluation of new technologies, in turn leading to the implementation of new methods that were new to 16 of those companies.

    The project collaborations have resulted in 9 products and services that were new to the companies. A number of cross-border collaborations among companies and universities across the program region have been finalized, for example a case on 3D printing and boat production which involved all partners competences. The cross-border added value does not only encompass the open accessible milieu bringing all partners expertise together to benefit SMEs in the region, but it also identified and mitigated barriers between knowledge domains, like the ones occurring in value chain collaborations where digital solutions often dissolve some aspects of a problem while simultaneously cause new ones.

    The project has had a fairly good representation of females in leading positions since the project leader and one country’s leader are females, but also the female representation in activities has been good.

    The project has been nominated to the Regio Stars Award 2017.

  • 6.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Kaartinen, Heidi
    Centria University of Applied Sciences .
    Pieskä, Sakari
    Centria University of Applied Sciences.
    Deng Solvang, Wei
    The Arctic University of Norway.
    Sziebig, Gabor
    The Arctic University of Norway.
    Innovations & industrial internet: research for regional growth and competitiveness2018Ingår i: SIMS 2018: Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems, New York: IEEE, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization is a source for Industrial Internet, which solutions influence businesses and everyday life in many different ways. The digital transformation calls for understanding, not only about your customers, but also your whole organization. A digital business world opens up for seamless and borderless collaborations in product, service and production development, yet such a visionary future need both systematic and systemic changes in companies. As such open innovation approaches including participatory research studies could support regional growth and increase competitiveness among SMEs. This article describes how these issues have been managed in a transnational project for the Northern Nordics.

  • 7.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Introduction: Addressing societal challenges2018Ingår i: Addressing Societal Challenges / [ed] Editors Johan Frishammar Åsa Ericson, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018, s. 1-6Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As an area of excellence in research and innovation, EffectiveInnovation & Organization (EIO) at Luleå University ofTechnology (LTU) represents an important initiative aimedat addressing societal challenges by combining engineeringand social science research. EIO enables the pooling of resourcesfrom various scientific disciplines to address manyof the societal challenges Sweden is currently facing. Thisbook is one result from such pooling of disciplines, resourcesand cross-disciplinary discussions. Here, some leading EIOresearchers have jointly analysed and reflected upon fivekey societal challenges to identify some of their implicationsand future pathways for research at LTU. All of these challengesspan multiple scientific domains, and competence ininnovation and organisation will be critical if they are to beaddressed effectively.

  • 8.
    Wenngren, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Konfrontera dina antaganden och kom på något nytt2018Ingår i: Sinus, nr 3, s. 7-8Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 9.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Kaartinen, Heidi
    Centria university of applied sciences.
    Online innovation supports2018Ingår i: SIMS 2018: Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems, New York: IEEE, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Starting from interactions with SMEs from a number of different areas, this short paper addresses the challenges of turning hands-on practice into an online supports tool for innovation. The SMEs are found in the North of Finland and the North of Sweden, thus already facing challenges related to the sparsely populated areas. Yet, digitalization and online support may become one way to bridge distances as well as filling knowledge gaps between different domains. Nevertheless, the suggestion to transform practical know-how into an online tool that can be globally accessed and used is non-trivial. Thus, problematizing such ideas could progress these efforts.

  • 10.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Engineering design research methodologies in Product-Service Systems: when the complex gets tough2017Ingår i: The 21th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17): 21-25 August 2017, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada : proceedings of ICED17 / [ed] Kim H.,Kokkolaras M.,Fadel G.,Van der Loos M.,Skec S.,Oehmen J.,Maier A.M.,Salustri F., The Design Society, 2017, Vol. 3, s. 351-258Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The research field of Product-Service Systems (PSS) emerged within the engineering design field to address sustainability and radically lower environmental impact from production and product use stages. PSS research has progressed insights of the industrial phenomena, but are often grounded in either product or service development, and the sustainability perspective had diminished over time. The deviation from what was intended might depend on research methodologies that do not meet the requirements of PSS multidisciplinary research. Some reflections of our research and craftsmanship are thus needed, which is also the purpose of this paper. PSS are used in the paper as a framework to highlight some of the facets of engineering design research activities. The paper suggests that multidisciplinary research has to manage different methodologies and different theories, this can be achieved if underlying assumptions are made transparent and if contradictions between those and the conclusions are discussed. Finally, the paper make an effort to encourage discussions about research methodologies to improve not only research but also implementation in industry.

  • 11.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Advanced engineering: How to sustain the ability for innovation operations2016Ingår i: Advanced Manufacturing and Automation V / [ed] Y. Wang; T. Yu; J.O. Strandhagen; K. Wang, Southhampton: WIT Press, 2016, s. 304-311Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Moore, John
    et al.
    South West College, Omagh, UK.
    Loughran, Anne
    South West College, Omagh, UK.
    McCusker, Edel
    South West College, Omagh, UK.
    Solvang, Wei Deng
    UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, Narvik, Norway.
    Sziebig, Gabor
    UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, Narvik, Norway.
    Yu, Hao
    UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, Narvik, Norway.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Pieska, Sakari
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Kokkola, Finland.
    Vahasoyrinki, Juoni
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Kokkola, Finland.
    Kaartinen, Heidi
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Kokkola, Finland.
    Developing a Toolbox of supports for small and medium sized manufacturing companies2016Ingår i: 2016 International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS), New york: IEEE, 2016, s. 101-104Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    TARGET is a collaborative project involving a partnership of universities and institutes of higher education in UK, Ireland, Norway, Finland and Sweden. The project will develop tools to enhance capacity in regional manufacturing companies to adapt and embrace new technologies and innovation. This is to be done in collaboration with small/medium sized manufacturing engineering companies - developing, applying and piloting the tools through individual companies' processes. The Toolbox developed will consist of subsets such as Digital manufacturing (robotics and simulation), New Ideas and Thinking (human centred and environmental thinking, competitiveness), Business Models and modern Product Innovation. On completion of the Project, the Toolbox of supports will be made available for use through open access to manufacturing companies. The initial project phase with development of a Toolbox suitable for use in all the project partners' regions is presented.

  • 13.
    Wenngren, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Improving Team Activities in the Concept Development Stages: Addressing Radical Development and Open-Ended Problems2016Ingår i: Journal of Promotion Management, ISSN 1049-6491, E-ISSN 1540-7594, Vol. 22, nr 4, s. 496-510Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms seeking radical innovation require development teams to articulate design solutions based on open-ended problems. Such problems have no single answer to the problematical situation, but have several plausible solutions. Although prior studies have highlighted the importance of prototyping or other methodologies, they provide limited guidance toward addressing open-ended problems. We investigate how teams make sense of complex design and development problems in order to benefit innovative endeavors. The results illustrate a team-level concept development model that identifies critical stages, associated activities, and influencing mind-set to explain how engineering teams overcome challenges associated with open-ended problems

  • 14.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Place innovation: using design thinking in live cases2016Ingår i: Proceedings of NordDesign 2016 / [ed] Boks, C; Sigurjonsson, J; Steinert, M; Vis, C; Wulvik, A, 2016, Vol. 2, s. 398-317Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents a study based on two views, i.e. innovation in teams of non-designers and live case interactions. This means that a diverse set of roles are involved in the innovation activities that originate from real regional situations. The application area relates to design and development of destinations, e.g. regions, tourism and attractive places. This study focuses on two main issues, namely (a) is it possible to make non-designers momentarily become design thinkers, and (b) is it possible to produce ideas and 'out-of-the-box' views in groups consisting of non-designers within a short timeframe? The purpose of this paper is thus to illustrate and explain these issues in order to contribute to a live case platform for collaborative innovation among society, trade and industry, and universities. The empirical data from four workshops, in total engaging 179 participants, shows that there are several challenges related to the efforts to transfer techniques and methods for design thinking and innovation into the heads and hands of non-designers. For example, trade and business can rarely allocate regular working hours for participatory design thinking, so they act based on traditional professional roles. Also, sessions turn into (unproductive) discussions if the participants are not firmly facilitated and encouraged. Bringing in live cases through the participation of mixed teams places additional requirements on innovation research in respect of implementation and packaging for practical uses.

  • 15.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Kaartinen, Heidi
    Centria Research & Development, Ylivieska.
    Solvang, Wei Deng
    Narvik University College, Industrial Engineering.
    SMEs’ challenges and needs in relation to innovation agendas and strategies2016Ingår i: 1st International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS 2016: 21 – 24 June 2016, UiT – The Arctic University of Norway, Narvik, Norway, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2016, s. 13-7Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional research project are, as is also regional industry, highly need-based. That is, understanding the stakeholders' (or customers') real challenges and related needs is important. This study is based on interviews with SMEs in the Northern parts of Finland, Norway and Sweden, but also on available innovation agendas and strategies for each country. The differences among the companies in those regions bring forward distinct needs, while many experience similar challenges, for example low population density, long distances and a high dependency on basic industries. Innovation is identified as a key driver of regional growth and competitiveness. SMEs rarely employ the term innovation to describe their activities, but rather stress 'knowing the customer' as important. This indicates one of the challenges to implement innovation strategy as a driver for growth and competitiveness

  • 16.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Hammarberg, Kristin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Extern, LTU Business AB. Swedish ICT Interactive Institute, Piteå.
    The case of an innovation contest: Participatory design in a social context2016Ingår i: Proceedings of International Design Conference - Design 2016 / [ed] N. Bojcetic; D. Marjanovic; N. Pavkovic; M. Storga; S. Skec, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture , 2016, s. 967-974Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents measures for collaborative design in a social context. A number of challenges and implications are identified, and changes done to increase the innovativeness in the outcome are discussed and exemplified. The context is an innovation contest in which students, inhabitants, people in common and so on, freely signs up for participation. The competition's theme comes from a client, e.g. a company, organization or municipality. Besides a research approach originating from 2002, fourteen innovation competitions during 2014-2015 are the specific basis for the empirical data.

  • 17.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Törlind, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Design: process och metod2015Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    På nittiotalet, då jag utbildade mig till industridesigner på HDK vid Göteborgs Universitet, var det inte många som visste något om det yrket, de frågade ”... menar du kläder?”. Vilken skillnad jämfört med nu när alla verkar veta och tycka något om designade prylar och använder många olika digitala tjänster.Som nyanställd på ett konsultföretag upptäckte jag att inte heller i näringslivet var design speciellt känt. Jag fick ofta prata med kunderna om vilken möjlighet designtänkande kunde vara för dem och deras produkter. Det grundlade en övertygelse hos mig om behovet av strukturerade metoder och ett arbetssätt som kommunicerar väl med kunden. Jag ville arbeta mer med det så 2001 beslutade jag mig för att börja undervisa. Under fem år som lärare i industridesign på HDK och tio år vid Teknisk design på Chalmers har jag använt många böcker med olika inriktningar och möjlighet till fördjupning. Jag har saknat en bra översikt som studenterna kan komma tillbaka till i projekt och som de senare i yrkeslivet kan använda för att visa helheten för andra, tills jag blev inkopplad på den här boken. Det finns idag många olika utbildningar och yrkesvarianter av designers. Fler och fler upptäcker att design är något av det viktigaste som finns. Det påverkar ju oss dagligen, avgör om och när vi väljer något och hur vi använder det. Design är också, som du kommer att märka när du läser boken, mycket mera än bara sakerna vi ser. Ja egentligen kan allt som skapas och formuleras på något sätt vara designat. Men det är skillnad på design och design, ibland är den bara en fördyrande detalj eller uppsnyggning av något, ibland är den innovativ och tar hänsyn till själva användningen och användaren. Det svåraste för de som betraktar eller ska introduceras till design brukar vara förhållandet mellan det objektiva och det subjektiva - vad är sant för alla och vad är bara sant för en utvald grupp? Och vad är den viktigaste delen av design; är det tekniken, nyhetsvärdet, utseendet eller funktionen? Efter att ha sett tusentals projekt och lösningar är jag övertygad om att de lösningar som överlevt, och kommer att överleva längst, är designade av människor som förstått vilka som ska använda deras lösningar och hur användarens behov av form och funktion är. En optimal designlösning är olika för olika människor och olika situationer, när du kan hantera det har du kommit långt som designer. En vanlig missuppfattning om design är att det är något som fixas till i slutet eller att det är en rent konstnärlig process där man väntar på inspiration. Det bästa resultatet kommer när designtänkandet är strukturerat och finns med tidigt. Många av dagens produktsystem är svåra att förstå och använda. Här kan olika professioner hjälpas åt eftersom en av designerns viktigaste uppgift är att analysera och visualisera behov, gränser och innovationsmöjligheter för och tillsammans med andra. Därför behövs förståelse för designtänkande mer än någonsin inom många yrken, såväl tekniskt som socialt. Det är, som jag brukar säga till studenterna, enkelt att göra något svårt men svårt att göra något enkelt - det gäller att hitta essensen av någots existens. Det har varit mycket roligt att få vara en del i framtagandet av den här boken. Här finns en helhet som är sällsynt. Författarna har i Design:process och metod lagt mycket arbete och efterforskningar på att strukturera och ta fram en unik sammansättning av olika synsätt och metoder för alla som vill förstå designarbete och beprövade designverktyg som en helhet. Genom att studera och prova dessa kan den som läser få en korrekt start, bli mer kreativ, göra en bättre presentation av sitt eget designarbete eller förstå andra som arbetar med design. Det här är en bok som borde vara obligatorisk läsning för alla som handskas med utvecklingsprojekt. Örjan SöderbergMaster of Fine Arts i industridesign HDK AIVELektor och programansvarig på Civilingenjörsprogrammet i Teknisk Design på Chalmers tekniska högskola

  • 18.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Developing innovation for change: Enablers for sustainability2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Johansson, Christian
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Manufacturing knowledge: going from production of things to designing value in use2015Ingår i: International Journal of Intelligent Decision Technologies, ISSN 1872-4981, E-ISSN 1875-8843, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 79-89Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A new vision in manufacturing is to develop product-service integrated value solutions. Today, few firms have fully realized this vision because they are not able to support the reasoning in the early stages of design. The purpose of this paper is to discuss engineers' cognitive challenge when replacing the core product rationale with value logic. The paper problematizes engineering design by dividing knowledge into the categories technically constructed (explicit) and socially constructed (tacit). In doing so, this study contributes the assumed effects of a perspective shift that could guide the development of computational tools.

  • 20.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Meeting sustainability challenges: soft systems thinking as an enabler for change2015Ingår i: The 20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED15): 27th-30th July 2015, Politecnico di Milano, Italy : proceedings of ICED15 / [ed] Christian Weber; Stephan Husung; Gaetano Gascini; Marco Cantamessa ; D. Marjanović, Glasgow: Design Research Society, 2015, Vol. 1 : Design for life, s. 209-216Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are three dimensions of sustainability: environmental, economic, and social. One important task is to integrate them so as to identify how more sustainable paths can be identified, assessed, and decided upon. Previous research has identified systems thinking as a key to achieving this. The purpose of the paper is to build on these ideas and to propose an initial framework that demonstrates the potential of incorporating soft systems methodology and a theory of modalities, introducing aspects in addition to environmental, economic, and social ones. Moreover, theoretical exploration shows that understanding different predispositions, or worldviews, are vital to creating shared and purposeful actions. This paper expresses the intentions of a pre-study, and the ideas are far from mature; however, the importance of collaboration in shared and more sustainable actions is the basis for an industry-wide initiative called the Construction Climate Challenge (CCC).

  • 21.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Puig Cortegoso, Mayte
    Spanien.
    Project: Developing Innovation for Change – Enablers for Sustainability2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    De tre delarna i hållbarhetsperspektivet, dvs. ekologiska, ekonomiska och sociala, bör ses som en integrerad helhet, men det är också det som är utmaningen. Projektet söker undersöka och exemplifiera olika intressenters perspektiv och därmed den kunskapsbas de tar med sig in i en produktutvecklingsprocess. Projektet syftar till att demonstrera hur olika intressenters värden stödjer eller inte stödjer en hållbar utveckling.

  • 22.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Project: Innovations & Industrial Internet2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Interreg Nord

  • 23.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Project: Making Regional Manufacturing Globally Competitive and Innovative2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    NPA – Target (Making Regional Manufacturing Globally Competitive and Innovative)This project will develop tools to enhance capacity of manufacturing companies in the NPA region to adapt and embrace new technologies and innovation. The toolbox developed will consist of subsets such as Digital manufacturing (robotics and simulation), New ideas and thinking (human centred and environmental thinking, competitiveness), Business models and modern Product innovation.

  • 24.
    Wenngren, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Prototyping: cognition while doing2015Ingår i: 2014 IEEE 5th International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2014): Vietri sul Mare, 5-7 Nov. 2014, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, s. 511-514, artikel-id 7020510Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Changed conditions in manufacturing industries' business strategies, i.e. intentions to earn more revenue from service provision, motivate the introduction of rough and sketchy prototypes as part of the learning and collaboration activities. This paper presents and compares changed conditions between traditional and novel in general, but particularly exemplifies the importance of prototyping in such a new setting. This is done, not only to inspire CogInfoCom research, but also to contribute to the use of prototyping and learning in modern product development. The paper's objective is to discuss how prototyping can benefit radical thinking and learning for innovation

  • 25.
    Lindberg, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Gelter, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier, ljudteknik och teater.
    Karlberg, Helena
    SVID, Stiftelsen svensk industridesign.
    Samhällsdesign genom platsinnovation2015Ingår i: Design Research Journal, ISSN 2000-7574, nr 1, s. 9-13Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 26.
    Lindberg, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Gelter, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier, ljudteknik och teater.
    Karlberg, Helena
    SVID, Stiftelsen svensk industridesign.
    Social change through place innovation2015Ingår i: Design Research Journal, ISSN 2000-7574, nr 1, s. 9-13Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel utforskas hur ’’platsinnovation’’kan användas som nytt vetenskapligt begreppoch praktiskt verktyg för att förstå och utformaframtidens samhällsdesign.

  • 27.
    Wenngren, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Framing and reframing: the emergence of design constraints2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Open-ended problems provides a window for innovations, but understanding the actual problem is challenging. Typically, teams might settle on their first impression as the design problem. Such an approach usually ends up in, not a bad solution, but in a solution that might not solve the right problem. Radical innovation literature suggests that teams should challenge their perspective of the problem, e.g. frame and reframe it, before solving it. This paper presents a study of how framing and reframing contributes to determining the constraints of two different types of design problems. A project course provides the particular data for the study, the result indicate that technological oriented problems needs support that forces the team to diverge from their initial design vision and that radical oriented problems needs support that encourage deliberation in the team. In conclusion support is required to be flexible, in open-ended design tasks, to fit its purpose.

  • 28.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    How global teams share experiences: A study of cultural differences2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the the 13th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2014: May 19-22 2014, Dubrovnik, Croatia / [ed] Dorian Marjanović; Mario Štorga; Neven Pavković; Nenad Bojčetić, Zagreb: Design Research Society, 2014, s. 1561-1570Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 29.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Larsson, Andreas
    Department of Design Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Lund University.
    Learning for product innovation engineering2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the 13th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2014: May 19-22 2014, Dubrovnik, Croatia / [ed] Dorian Marjanović; Mario Štorga; Neven Pavković; Nenad Bojčetić, Zagreb: Design Research Society, 2014, s. 1371-1380Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 30.
    Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Product development in micro-sized firms: The case of ad hoc procedures2014Ingår i: 2013 IEEE 4rd International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2013): Budapest, Hungary, 2 - 5 December 2013, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2014, s. 637-640Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Three different cases are presented in this paper, they describe how product development are conducted in micro-sized companies. All companies have novel ideas that they strive to realize into an engineered product and in some cases they also provide an integrated service. Typically, product development literature emphasizes systematic development processes to sustain viable businesses. Often a phased process is suggested as the optimal model. We have found that viable micro-sized companies do not employ such processes, but rather what, seemingly, is an ad-hoc procedure for each type of solution. By doing so they face challenges to grow and to upscale the production. A key result from this study is the finding of a gap between current product development literature and the actual needs of micro-sized firms.

  • 31.
    Lindberg, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Karlberg, Helena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Extern, LTU Business AB.
    Projekt: Platsinnovation i Swedish Lapland2014Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet är att utforska och utveckla ’platsinnovation’ som teoretiskt och praktiskt verktyg för att vidareutveckla Swedish Laplands besöksnäring i nära samverkan mellan forskare, näringsliv och samhälle. Finansiär: Besöksnäringens Forsknings- och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF)

  • 32.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnaeus University.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Realization of open innovation: a case study in manufacturing industry2014Ingår i: Journal of Promotion Management, ISSN 1049-6491, E-ISSN 1540-7594, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 372-389Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Continuous innovation is regarded as an imperative for most companies. In this regard, open innovation suggests a successful approach to new product development, wherein the emphasis is on external collaboration. Previous research has provided examples from some industries, whereas mature and traditional companies such as manufacturing firms have gained limited interest. Thus, this paper seeks to answer two critical questions: why should manufacturing companies shift toward open innovation approaches and how can they adopt open innovation for product development. Based on case study in two companies, a list of opportunities, challenges, and efforts for organizational change toward open innovation are discussed.

  • 33.
    Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Solvang, Wei Deng
    Narvik University College, Industrial Engineering.
    Solvang, Bjørn
    Narvik University College, Industrial Engineering.
    Sziebig, Gabor
    Narvik University College, Industrial Engineering.
    Jansson, Lasse
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Centria Research and Development.
    Pieskä, Sakari
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Centria Research and Development.
    Rättyä, Jani
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Centria Research and Development.
    Saviranta, Petri
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Centria Research and Development.
    Sustainable Manufacturing and Engineering - SMaE: Final Project Report 2012-20142014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34. Cox, Charles
    et al.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Tendencies toward Problem-Setting and Problem-Solving: A Study of Operations Derived from Motivation Strategies2014Ingår i: International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, ISSN 1832-3669, Vol. 10, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals’ design models are oriented toward pursuing either goals or insights, and these orientations play an important role in how individuals work as a team. We have in this paper elaborated on how those orientations are interpreted as operations in design prototyping for the purpose of understanding how the individual’s orientation might affect early planning and design activities. Our study followed students as design learners working in teams for a studio course. Each team was composed of individuals having similar design model orientations. For the design exercise observed, the insight-oriented team employed a more user oriented design model. Although, the study was limited, its results indicate considerations for both industry (because conflicts among individual members’ fundamental orientations can cause costly delays in design projects) and for design education (how to facilitate understanding of and reflection about one’s own model as well as that of someone else). Also, this paper makes a suggestion for future studies.

  • 35.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Visualization of Problems in Experience Sharing2014Ingår i: Proceedings of NordDesign 2014: 10th biannual conference on design and development / [ed] Miko Laakso; Kalevi Ekman, NordDesign Conference , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus on knowledge management have since long been recognized in literature and undoubtedly benefited organizations. More recently companies claim themselves to be ‘knowledge-driven’. Indeed, the concept of knowledge-driven incorporates experiences. Typically, factual knowledge has a transparent management approach, while experience sharing is highly prioritized but not straightforward. This study addresses experience sharing and proposes a perspective to support reflection upon practice in innovation projects. The study builds on a longitudinal acquisition of empirical data obtained in a manufacturing company acting on a global market. In particular, early innovation projects have been a source for data collection. Interviews with knowledge workers, observations from daily work activities and reading internal documents provide the empirical material for the study. The study has resulted in a visualization of different kinds of issues concerning experience sharing. The visualization has been a base for highlighting industrial implications and proposing actions.

  • 36.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Törlind, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    A deep dive into creative thinking: the now-wow-how framework2013Ingår i: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED13), Design for Harmonies: Human Behaviour in Design / [ed] U. Linderman; S Venkataraman; YS Kim; SW Lee; P. Badke-Schaub; K. Sato, Design Research Society, 2013, Vol. 7, s. 337-346Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation strategies are becoming even more vital for manufacturers that wish to turn their business into a service based one. Integration of product and service aspects in early design stages insists on approaches where all competences are used for to provide the foundation for new solutions. Often such creative work is expected to randomly come from ordinary work tasks or from passionate geniuses. Few companies apply an intentional and coherent process for bringing together mixed teams to create ideas for radically new product and services.Besides describing the background for the development of a radical innovation workshop format, this article presents a three-step framework for a collaborative process in which the participants diverse competences and skills are seen as the source of creativity. The framework, called now-wow-how, allows a workshop to be planned, designed and conducted in order to analyze an existing situation (now), a preferred alternative future (wow) and elaborate on how these two can be bridged (how). The paper provides examples of creative methods that can be used to conduct each stage, and also a guide for how to facilitate a creative workshop.

  • 37.
    Ny, Henrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Sophie, Hallstedt
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    A strategic approach for sustainable product service system development2013Ingår i: CIRP Design 2012: Sustainable Product Development / [ed] Amaresh Chakrabarti, Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2013, s. 427-436Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Product-Service Systems (PSS) have been justified by a desire to find sustainable solutions that go beyond contemporary approaches. The characteristics of PSS offerings are to link goods and services in development and to provide systemic performance-based solutions to the customers. This paper investigates how established strategic product development tools for socio-ecological sustainability could be adapted for PSS development. An approach is suggested for how to apply these tools in early PSS development phases

  • 38.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    A white book approach as support for sharing experiences2013Ingår i: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED13): Design for Harmonies : Human Behaviour in Design / [ed] Udo Lindemann ; Srinvasan Venkataraman; Yong Se Kim; Sang Won Lee; John Clarkson; Gaetano Cascini, Design Research Society, 2013, Vol. 6, s. 291-300Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge transfer is hard to manage in technical projects due to the fact that a lion part of the knowledge is based on experiences gained in daily work. The lessons learned depend on the individuals’ distinct perceptions of their experiences. This provides learning, but complicates sharing and the build up of an organizational knowledge base. One effort to capture and disseminate experiences is a white book approach. Simply, white books consists of written text stored in documents, which is used to both reflect upon a previous project and to learn for a new one. The purpose for this paper is to find out how experiences are perceived and formalized in technical projects. Two types of empirical data provide the basis, namely text analysis of white books and interviews with engineers. The result shows that there is an evident difference between what engineers write about their experiences and what they say about them. Implications for the white book approach as a mean for sharing experiences are discussed, for example since pre-knowledge and context for the experiences are lacking in the written text the author and the reader of the text are likely to interpret it differently.

  • 39.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Nilsdotter, Karin
    Spaceport Sweden.
    Commercial space tourism: a case of applied product-service systems networks2013Ingår i: Product-Service Integration for Sustainable Solutions: Proceedings of the 5th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Bochum, Germany, March 14th - 15th, 2013 / [ed] Horst Meier, Berlin: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013, s. 85-94Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the vision of Product-Service Systems (PSS) there is anticipation on stakeholders to develop sound networks to enable and support innovative product and service solutions. As such PSS business relationships could be viewed as innovation systems. The challenge to find appropriate and relevant stakeholders is commonly mentioned in manufacturing industry as a difficult task. This paper elaborates on such a challenge, but has put an emerging industry as a frame of interest in order to discuss the progress of a innovation system which has the purpose to inspire product and service development based on commercial human space flights. Some managerial implications for PSS innovation system development are made, for example it is suggested to implement a learning environment as a “demonstrator” from which an innovation system can evolve.

  • 40.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Innovation systems in non-metropolitan regions: A live case journey2013Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2013. Innovation, High-Growth Entrepreneurship and Regional Development: Revised papers presented at the 16th Uddevalla Symposium 13-15 June, 2013, Kansa City, MO, USA / [ed] Irene Bernhard, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2013, s. 285-301Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 41.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Knowledge sharing in product development: delimitations of a white paper approach2013Ingår i: Product-Service Integration for Sustainable Solutions: Proceedings of the 5th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany, March 14th - 15th, 2013 / [ed] Horst Meier, Berlin: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013, s. 447-457Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an on-going movement in manufacturing industry towards Product-Service Systems (PSS), which manifests the importance of making experience based knowledge organizationally available. In this paper a study of how white books is used and discussing any delimitations in transferring experiences is in focus. The paper builds on an empirical study in a manufacturing company, which has long ago implemented the white book approach and also has the vision of PSS development. It has been found that the format of a white book and the guidelines for authoring them could be a barrier for expressing individually gained experiences. Subsequently, does not support a knowledge transfer between projects having different aims, perspectives and knowledge domains.

  • 42.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Törlind, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Snowflake: en bred bok om design- och utvecklingsprocesser2013Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 43.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    A change in design knowledge: from stand-alone products to service offerings2012Ingår i: International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, ISSN 1832-3669, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 51-64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the manufacturing industry, offering services as the value carrier of the product is becoming a key interest. In short, the product concept changes from something engineered to providing “performance in use” in order to fulfill customer needs. This change of paradigm, from an established view of products as nothing else than physical artefacts to the idea of products as service offerings, is commonly described in the research field called Product ServiceSystems (PSS). Examples of expected benefits of PSS for manufacturing companies are that they can: (1) meet the sustainability challenges, (2) manage competition, and (3) provide added value to their customers. The knowledge base in manufacturing companies is firmly based in engineering activities and computer support for the design of artefacts is well developed (e.g., Computer Aided Design). However, it can be argued that the guiding principles, or the technological support, for PSS cannot be built upon the idea of products as engineered. A central message of this conceptual paper is that the introduction of PSS may challenge not only companies, but also design engineer education. The paper investigates the challenges and proposes activities that could bridge the gap between developing stand-alone products and service offerings.

  • 44.
    Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Changes in present product design: opportunities for industrial oriented research2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications: CogInfoCom 2012, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, s. 499-503Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry applies approaches in early development stages, i.e. product design, that heavily relies on computer support. The concept of Knowledge Based Engineering systems could represent this approach. However an ongoing trend in manufacturing industry to increase the service contents in their offerings is commonly captured beneath the umbrella term Product-Service Systems (PSS). The paper discusses conceptual examples for changes in product design caused by this increased PSS focus. The examples given are brief descriptions of different demonstrators developed in research projects focusing on PSS and product development in early phases. Examples include a discussion how companies shift from single company to becoming inter-organizational partners, how intangible knowledge, and information in the design process can be made tangible and how companies and engineers shift focus from knowledge transfer to sharing experiences

  • 45.
    Bertoni, Alessandro
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Enhancing intra-cognitive communication in product design with color-coded CAD models: a visualization approach2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications: CogInfoCom 2012, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, s. 487-492Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical investigation in the European aerospace industry has shown major drawbacks in the way design teams share information about the value contribution of a solution during early design stages. Across functions and organizations, design teams collaborate mainly using the contractual requirements as a basis, lacking of recording and communicating the contextual knowledge and the overall intent of product and service development projects. The paper proposes an approach that uses color-coded 3D CAD models for intra-cognitive communication of such value-related information to enhance the decision-making process in design. The paper first introduces the concept of product service systems and the benefits provided by visualization, afterwards it describes how value visualization can be implemented in a CAD 3D environment. A case study derived from the aerospace industry is presented to provide an example of application of the approach in a real industrial environment.

  • 46.
    Panarotto, M.
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Intangibles in design of PSS value propositions2012Ingår i: The Philosopher's Stone for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Tokyo, Japan, November 8th-9th, 2012 / [ed] Yoshiki Shimomura; Koji Kimita, Berlin Heidelberg: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2012, s. 85-90Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Product-service systems (PSS), or value propositions, are foreseen to bring about challenges in product development. Traditionally, engineers normally manage tangible elements in relation to products, and are lacking approaches to deal with the intangibles incorporated in PSS development. The purpose of the paper is to elaborate on and propose a framework for value assessment and a simulation approach. Conceptual examples are used to discuss the proposed framework, and a contribution of the paper is that it exemplifies the reasons why intangible value have to be addressed more directly in industry in general and in PSS in particular.

  • 47.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Bertoni, Alessandro
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Isaksson, Ola
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Knowledge-sharing network for product-service system development: is it atypical?2012Ingår i: The Philosopher's Stone for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Tokyo, Japan, November 8th-9th, 2012 / [ed] Yoshiki Shimomura; Koji Kimita, Berlin Heidelberg: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2012, s. 109-114Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The move towards offering product-service systems (PSS) requires the involvement of stakeholders from heterogeneous functions or companies with knowledge of the different product lifecycle stages. Knowledge sharing across supply network is, therefore, considered as a key enabler for the successful development of PSS. The existing literature, however, overlooks knowledge sharing network in a PSS context. The purpose of this paper is to explore the possible knowledge-sharing network for PSS development using social network-tie theory—in order to map the relationships, interactions and knowledge to be shared between actors, and eventually discuss the PSS impact on their relationships in the network.

  • 48.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Learning activities that improve the designers social skills2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the the 12th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2012: May 21-24 2012, Dubrovnik, Croatia, Design Research Society, 2012, s. 2056-2066Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ngineers have to develop their social skills due to being exposed to new types of problems and situations as a result of manufacturing companies' movement towards providing systematic solutions e.g., product-service systems. The authors assume that

  • 49.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Håkansson, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Öhrling, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Revisiting prototyping: learning in early design2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the the 12th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2012: May 21-24 2012, Dubrovnik, Croatia / [ed] Dorian Marjanovic; Mario Storga; Neven Pavkovic; Nevad Bojcetic, Design Research Society, 2012, s. 2045-2052Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The vision for manufacturing firms to provide more services certainly include more intangible and tacit parameters for engineers to handle. Hence, the early development stages describe a learning process where knowledge and solution progress in parallel.

  • 50.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Larsson, Tobias C.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Isaksson, Ola
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Larsson, Andreas
    Lund University.
    Revisiting the research field of product-service systems development2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference: IDETC/CI, New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 2012, Vol. 3, s. 1043-1049Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Product-Service Systems (PSS) has now for more than a decade been a research interest in Europe and Japan. The research aims to support manufacturing industries’ ability to provide value in terms of a service offer to its customers, simultaneously taking a more holistic approach to eco-sustainability. The idea of providing customer benefits in parallel with robust products is not new, yet equipping engineers to integrate a radical innovation and service perspective in the early design stages is received as fairly radical. Prevailing methods, tools and design thinking are barriers that prevents approaching PSS by the necessary integration of several, but distinct, logics.Due to the inclusion of both product development and service development in development of PSS, at least, two schools of thoughts exist within the research field of PSS development. Namely, one based on product development rationality and one based on service provision reasoning. In general, such a situation would be a base for a conflict where the debate focuses, which strand that should be more valid than the other. However, if so, this would certainly not benefit the need for cross-disciplinarily research of PSS. The purpose in this paper is two-fold; first, to describe PSS research efforts by acknowledging both the product and the service perspective, second to explore and discuss future directions and by that identify “white spots” on the map which may be seen as relevant to bridge the integration gap.

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