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  • 1.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Normark, Carl Jörgen
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Axelsson, Sarianne Wiklund
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    HealthCloud: promoting healthy living through co-design of user experiences in a digital service2018Ingår i: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, 2018, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the interdisciplinary HealthCloud pre-study project was twofold: to further

    knowledge of user experiences of inclusive interface design specifically for an ageing

    population, and to develop a digital service for senior persons with sensory decline to promote

    healthy living and active ageing. A co-design approach was chosen to investigate the project

    aim and knowledge and user experiences was jointly developed and evaluated in three

    sequential steps in a participant-group of senior persons. In the design of the conceptual user

    interface, the identified core aspect involved a strive for utility: quality of appropriateness in

    use, and significance: how designs assume meaning in the ways they are used, as well as

    simplicity: to reduce, organize, and making it enjoyable to use. The digital service outcome

    consists of validation of previous research themes: keeping the family together; enjoying life

    at home; being close to nature; self-development; and promoting conditions for healthy

    ageing. The pre-study project outcomes are prototypes of digital health service content and

    interfaces, aimed for a future digital HealthCloud service. Participants in the reference-group

    found the developed interface easy to use regardless of previous computer skills and they

    were also motivated and stimulated by the developed prototypes for promoting active ageing

    on a daily basis. Participants also expressed a desire to display and recommend such digital

  • 2.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Health-Promoting Personal Projects of Old Persons in Northern Sweden2016Ingår i: 1st CONTEC-ENOTHE Congress: National University of Ireland, Galway 15-19 June 2016, 2016, s. 203-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Occupational Value Experienced in Personal Projects Relevant to Old Persons' Health and Well-Being2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Temporal patterns of daily occupations and personal projects relevant for older persons’ subjective health: a health promotive perspective2015Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Engagement in daily occupations has been shown to positively influence subjective health of older persons, but there is little knowledge of how such daily occupations should be temporally structured. This thesis is guided by two concepts to explore the temporal structure of daily occupations. Firstly, the concept temporal patterns of daily occupations are used to focus internal relationships and temporal order of daily occupations during 24-hour sequences. Secondly, the concept personal projects are used to focus sets of intentionally performed occupations structured to reach short- or long-term goals of a year. The overall aim of this thesis was to develop knowledge and understanding of temporal patterns of daily occupations and personal projects relevant for older persons’ health and well-being. This thesis includes four studies, according to a multi method sequential design. Participants in all four studies were recruited from retirement organizations in two municipalities in northern Sweden and all of them are living in their private urban or rural homes. For Study I and II, data of daily occupations and of health and well-being were collected from 151 older adults using open time-diaries completed for one week and two health questionnaires. A time-geographic method was used to analyze data from the time-diaries and descriptive and analytic statistics are applied for further analysis including the additional data from the two health questionnaires. The aim of Study I was to expand the knowledge regarding temporal patterns of daily occupations and to explore and describe older Swedish adults´ daily occupations from such a temporal pattern and time-use perspective. In Study I the temporal pattern of daily occupations of older persons was identified as real time-use and added time-use during 24-hour sequences. The pattern of real time-use showed i)a daily routine of six intervals ii) characteristic profiles illustrating number of participants in categorized occupations and iii) a pattern of merged categories of occupations. The pattern of added time-use for frequencies and durations of the 24-hour sequence showed a hierarchical structure with the highest frequencies and durations shown for care for oneself occupations followed by reflection and recreation, home-keeping, procure and prepare food, and transportation occupations (Study I). The aim of Study II was to identify characteristics of temporal patterns of daily occupations that could be related to high and low health among older adults in northern Sweden. The temporal pattern of daily occupations of older persons, identified as real time-use and added time-use during 24-hour sequences, showed similar patterns for groups of older persons reporting high and low health. Persons of high health reported higher frequencies and longer durations for home-keeping, procure and prepare food, and transportation occupations and lower frequencies and shorter durations for care for oneself and reflection and recreation occupations compared to the low health group (Study II). For Study III and IV, data of personal projects relevant for health and well-being were collected by interviews with 11 older persons selected from the high health subgroup in Study II. Data was analyzed by content analysis. The aim of Study III was to explore personal projects described by older persons in northern Sweden relevant to health and well-being during the forthcoming year. A coherent project system was developed. This system was structured as five core projects representing fourteen personal projects each including two to five sequential occupations, relevant to subjective health during the forthcoming year. The project system was anchored by the core projects: keeping the family together; enjoying one’s life at home; being close to nature; cultivating oneself; and promoting conditions for healthy ageing (Study III). In Study IV variations in occupational value were interpreted from older people´s personal projects relevant for health and well-being the forthcoming year. Variations in occupational value were identified from expressions in the 14 personal projects. Value dimensions of concrete and symbolic value were identified as the most frequently expressed and self-rewarding value as the least frequently expressed. Variations in occupational value within each personal project were shown as profiles of occupational value constructing the core projects. Profiles of occupational value of the core project cultivating one-self were dominated by concrete value while the remaining core projects were dominated by symbolic value (Study IV). Conclusions: This thesis contributes with knowledge of temporal patters of daily occupations described as real and added time-use during 24-hour sequences and the characteristics of such pattern showed for high health. Furthermore, it highlights a structure for a coherent project system relevant for occupational health during a year and the imbedded occupational value. This knowledge of the older persons’ structure and experiences of occupations may be used for promoting occupational health in different contexts. Keywords: elderly, temporal routines, structure of occupations, real time-use, added time-use, time-geographic method, core projects, personal projects, occupational value, health and well-being.

  • 5.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Temporal Patterns of Daily Occupations Related to Older Adults' Health in Northern Sweden2015Ingår i: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 127-145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify characteristics of temporal patterns of daily occupations that could be related to high and low subjective health among older adults in Northern Sweden. A cross-sectional design imprinted by time-geographic methodology was used and participants 70 years and older were purposively selected and divided into groups of high and low health using the SoC-29 and SF-36 questionnaires. Daily occupations data were registered and analysed using VISUAL Time-PAcTS and related to health conditions using SPSS. The results showed that the participants in the high- and low-health groups showed similar patterns of participation in occupations during the 24-hour sequences describing their daily routines. Some differences in patterns of frequency and duration of occupations were shown between health groups during the 24-hour sequences as well as within six intervals. The low-health group showed higher frequencies and longer durations for “care for oneself” and “reflection and recreation” occupations and lower for “house-keeping” and “procure and prepare food” occupations compared to the high-health groups. There were few significant differences between the high- and low-health groups' mean durations for occupations. The results of this study could contribute to the support and assistance of occupations of older adults in society.

  • 6.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Temporal Patterns of Daily Occupations among Older Adults in Northern Sweden2014Ingår i: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 143-160Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sought to expand knowledge regarding patterns of daily occupations and, specifically, to explore and describe the daily occupations of Swedish people aged over 70 years by investigating sequences, contexts and time-use. A cross-sectional design with a time-geographic approach was used. Open time diaries from 151 participants were collected and analysed using the software VISUAL-TimePAcTS. The results were illustrated as a routine of six pooled intervals during 24-hour sequences. The intervals comprised different lengths of time and each interval was dominated by different occupations. Night was dominated by ‘care for oneself’; morning by ‘house-keeping’ and ‘reflection and recreation’; lunch-time by care for oneself; afternoon by ‘reflection and recreation’; dinner/tea-time by ‘care for oneself’, and evening by ‘reflection and recreation’. The results were also illustrated as characteristic profiles of occupations visualised by the number of participants in each occupation during 24-hour sequences. Occupations were mainly supported by the home environment. Summed time-use showed the highest proportions in ‘care for oneself’ and ‘reflection and recreation’ occupations. To what extent health and well-being experiences of patterns of daily occupations might be related to challenges and fulfilment of basic occupational needs requires further investigation

  • 7.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Kursvärderingsmodell för Luleå tekniska universitet2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rektor vid Luleå tekniska universitet (LTU) fattade år 2003 beslut om att en gemensam kursvärderingsmodell för universitetet skulle införas för att kvalitetssäkra universitetets kurser och utveckla universitetets utbildningar avseende innehåll, undervisning, lärande och examinationsformer. Kursutvärderingsmodellen implementerades under år 2005 då även ett IT-stöd i universitetets lärplattform Fronter utvecklades. Flera utvärderingar av kursvärderingsmodellen och IT-stödet har gjorts. Utvärderingen som genomfördes i juni år 2007 resulterade i beslut om revidering av kursutvärderingsmodellen. I denna rapport presenteras en reviderad kursutvärderingsmodell för LTU. Revideringsarbetet har utgått från synpunkter som framkom vid utvärderingen som genomfördes i juni 2007 och genomförts i samråd med olika personal och studentgrupper som arbetar med utvecklingen av LTUs grundutbildningar. Kursvärderingsmodellen presenterar en minimistandard för Kursvärderingsarbetet inom institutionen. Omfattningen av arbetet med de olika processerna avvägs utifrån institutionens behov av att utveckla kurser och program/arenor/ämnen samt progressionsnivåerna inom dessa. Inom ramen för modellen har institutionen och avdelningen möjlighet att utveckla de arbetssätt som ger bästa kvalitet i studentens utbildning. Kurvärderingsmodellen stödjer det kvalitetsarbete som beskrivs i Kvalitetsutvecklingssystem för utbildning på grund-, avancerad och forskarnivå. Kursvärderingsmodellen innehåller två processer, en för kursvärdering och en för kursutveckling. Kursvärderingsprocessen inkluderar kursintroduktion, kontinuerlig kursdialog, kursvärdering och kursvärderingsrapport. Syftet med kursvärderingsprocess är att förbättra pågående kurs samt att ta fram underlag för kursutveckling. Kursansvarig/examinator har ansvaret för att denna process genomförs. Kursutvecklingsprocessen inkluderar utbildningsdialog, program-/arenaråd, samrådsgrupp och beslut om kursutveckling. Syftet med kursutvecklingsprocess är att utveckla kommande kursers kvalitet i samverkan med företrädare för program/arena/ämne, lärare och studenter. Prefekt, utbildningsledare, ämnesföreträdare och koordinator ansvarar för att underlaget för kursutveckling tillvaratas på ett sådant sätt att bästa kvalitet i utbildning uppnås. Varje institution beslutar om vilka tidsramar som ska gälla för de olika delarna i kursvärderingsprocessen och kursutvecklingsprocessen. Tillsammans utgör dessa två processer en förbättringscykel som ska integreras i institutionens kvalitetsarbete. En processbeskrivning över kursvärderingsmodellen finns i bilaga 1.

  • 8.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Utvärdering och analys av LTUs kursutvärderingsmodell med tillhörande IT-stöd2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Aktivitet: Aktivitetsmönster och dess relation till upplevd tillfredsställelse med livet i allmänhet2007Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 10.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Aktivitet: Distriktsarbetsterapeuters etiska dilemma vid hemrehabilitering1997Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
1 - 10 av 10
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