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  • 1.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Mossberg, Johanna
    Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE), Division of Bioeconomy, Sweden.
    A Knowledge-based Perspective on System Weaknesses in Technological Innovation Systems2019Ingår i: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 46, nr 1, s. 55-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on technological innovation systems (TIS) provides policymakers and other actors with a scheme of analysis to identify system weaknesses. In doing so, TIS analysis centres on which system weaknesses policy interventions should target to promote further development of a particular system. However, prior TIS literature has not sufficiently elaborated on what may constitute the conceptual roots of a ‘weakness’. We apply a knowledge-based perspective and propose that many—albeit not all—system weaknesses may root in four types of knowledge problems: uncertainty, complexity, equivocality, and ambiguity. Employing these as sensitizing concepts, we study system weaknesses by analysing data from a biorefinery TIS in Sweden. This analysis results in novel implications for the TIS literature and for achieving a better match between system weaknesses and the design of innovation policies.

  • 2.
    Thorgren, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Handbok för examensarbeten2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Sjödin, David
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Thorgren, Sara
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    How Individuals Engage in the Absorption of New External Knowledge: A Process Model of Absorptive Capacity2019Ingår i: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 356-380Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper offers a process model of how individuals engage in the absorption of new external knowledge. Data collection is centered on the experiences of knowledge workers in recognizing, assimilating, and applying external knowledge. The process model delineates how individuals engage in the absorptive capacity (AC) process through: (1) valuing knowledge potential by assessing the motivation to assimilate knowledge and by evaluating technological feasibility, which together constitute the recognition of value; (2) corroborating knowledge value by ensuring legitimacy and demonstrating a shared understanding of the business value in achieving knowledge assimilation; and (3) championing knowledge integration by lobbying for support and securing resources in order to integrate and apply the knowledge within the organization, ultimately ensuring that knowledge is exploited. The process model clarifies how an individual’s proficiency in external knowledge absorption activities can result in three possible outcomes: knowledge is exploited, knowledge is terminated, or knowledge gets “stuck” in limbo. These findings contribute to the AC literature by underscoring the pivotal role of individual engagements in recognition, assimilation, and application of external knowledge and add new elements and a process perspective to the understanding of the path from potential to realized AC. The paper also provides insights into how individuals and firms can better manage knowledge absorption in practice.

  • 4.
    Gama, Fabio
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Idea generation and open innovation in SMEs: When does market‐based collaboration pay off most?2019Ingår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 113-123Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) largely depend on proficient idea generation activities to improve their front-end innovation performance, yet the liabilities of newness and smallness often hamper SMEs’ ability to benefit from systematic idea generation. To compensate for these liabilities, many SMEs adopt an open innovation approach by collaborating with market-based partners such as customers and suppliers. This study investigates the relationship between SMEs’ systematic idea generation and front-end performance and investigates the moderating role of market-based partnership for SMEs. Drawing on a survey of 146 Swedish manufacturing SMEs, this study provides two key contributions. First, the systematic idea generation and front-end performance relationship in SMEs is non-linear. Accordingly, higher levels of front-end performance are achieved when idea generation activities are highly systematic. Second, the returns from higher levels of systematic idea generation are positively moderated by market-based partnerships. Thus, external cooperation with customers and suppliers pays off most toward front-end performance when SMEs have highly systematic idea generation processes. These results indicate a contingency perspective on the role of external partnerships. They also have implications for research into the front-end of innovation and open innovation in the context of SMEs.

  • 5.
    Hullova, Dusana
    et al.
    University of Portsmouth, Faculty of Business and Law, Richmond Building, Portsmouth, UK. University of Roehampton London, Roehampton Business School, London, UK.
    Laczko, Pavel
    University of Portsmouth, Faculty of Business and Law, Richmond Building, UK.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. House of Innovation, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm.
    Independent Distributors in Servitization: An Assessment of Key Internal and Ecosystem-related Problems2019Ingår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 104, s. 422-437Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Independent distributors (IDs), just as equipment manufacturers, have the potential to initiate a transition towards the provision of advanced services. However, the internal and ecosystem-related problems experienced by IDs during servitization differ due to their distinct organizational structure. The purpose of this study is therefore to uncover problems faced by servitizing IDs during transition towards provision of advanced services, a topic which is still scarcely covered in the literature. Using an abductive research approach, we identify three overarching groups of servitization problems specific to IDs: (1) conflicting interests of key stakeholders; (2) misalignment between distribution of managerial attention and servitization strategy; and (3) ineffective knowledge management within the ecosystem. To diagnose these problems, we propose a servitization-readiness decision tree that allows IDs to pinpoint hindering factors before embarking on a servitization journey. In so doing, we provide a starting point for identifying and describing criteria for assessing IDs' servitization readiness.

  • 6.
    Nordqvist, Sofia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Knowledge types to progress the development of sustainable technologies: A case study of Swedish demonstration plants.2019Ingår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 75-95Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge development and diffusion through demonstration plants are necessary to progress the development of sustainable technologies, yet current literature lacks detailed insights into which knowledge types are critical in facilitating this progress, and what the roles of different knowledge types are. We draw on knowledge-based theory and investigate four Swedish demonstration plants for advanced biofuels using case-study research. The findings underscore the need for and production of domain-specific, procedural and general knowledge to progress sustainable technology towards commercialization, with each type having a rather specific role and purpose. However, in the plants studied, there is a tendency to focus strongly on the generation of technical, domain-specific knowledge at the expense of procedural knowledge. This deficiency frequently creates problems since a lack of procedural knowledge on how to commoditize and commercialize technologies hinders efforts to move past the demonstration stage to large-scale commercialization. Based on these findings, the paper proposes novel approaches for dealing with these problems, and for managing knowledge more generally. 

  • 7.
    Sköld, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics, House of Innovation & Scania Research Center, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Freij, Åke
    Stockholm School of Economics, House of Innovation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    New entrant or incumbent advantage in light of regulatory change: A multiple case study of the Swedish life insurance industry2019Ingår i: European Management Review, ISSN 1740-4754, E-ISSN 1740-4762Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    When an industry is disrupted, the predominant view is that new entrants benefit at the expense of incumbents, who are pictured as slow‐moving, inert, and incapable to change. Based on a longitudinal multiple case study with data over a 15‐year period, we challenge this view. By studying the action responses of three incumbent firms and three new entrants to a major regulatory change in the life insurance industry, we find that both incumbents and new entrants can succeed if complementary assets are correctly managed. In particular, firms need to acquire and refine certain key assets needed for exploiting new business opportunities and, subsequently, need to enhance the value of their complementary assets by transforming them from generic to specialized and on to co‐specialized stages. These findings have theoretical implications for the literature on strategy and innovation management. In addition, we outline important managerial implications to transform complementary assets to stages with higher value.

  • 8.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Richtner, Anders
    Stockholm School of Economics, Department of Management & Organization.
    Brattström, Anna
    Sten K Johnson Centre for Entrepreneurship, Lund University.
    Magnusson, Mats
    IPD, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Björk, Jennie
    IPD, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Opportunities and Challenges in the New Innovation Landscape: Implications for Innovation Auditing and Innovation Management2019Ingår i: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 151-164Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation auditing is a well-established practice used by managers to identify strengths and weaknesses in innovation. Existing audit frameworks fall short, however, because they neglect three major trends that currently transform the innovation landscape. These trends are as follows: 1) a shift from closed to more open models of innovation (“openness”), 2) a shift from providing physical products to industrial product–services (“servitization”), and 3) a shift from an analog to a highly digitalized world (“digitalization”). This article identifies new innovation practices, opportunities, and challenges that arise for manufacturing firms along these trends. The article proposes a revised innovation audit framework, which acknowledges these trends and supports innovation management in increasingly dynamic and competitive environments.

  • 9.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Center for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Halmstad University .
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Löf, Anton
    Raw Materials Group, Stockholm.
    Ericsson, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Raw materials management in iron and steelmaking firms2019Ingår i: Mineral Economics, ISSN 2191-2203, E-ISSN 2191-2211, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 39-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper adds new knowledge on how raw materials should be managed in iron and steelmaking firms. While previous research has contributed significantly to how firms should deal with functional challenges related to raw materials, the understanding of Raw Materials Management from a holistic perspective is largely lacking, and extant research does not provide qualified advice to firms on this matter. This study provides such knowledge by drawing on insights from Höganäs AB, a world leader in ferrous powder metallurgy, and their efforts to identify key aspects and principles of raw materials management. Our elaboration of a more holistic view on raw materials management builds on two elements. First, we depict five external uncertainties and three internal conditions that impact firm-level raw materials management. Second, we present six critical capabilities that underpin proficient firm-level raw materials management. The paper concludes with a discussion of implications for both firms aiming to increase their raw materials proficiency and to future investigations into this important area.

  • 10.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    Chalmers University of Technology, Environmental Systems Analysis, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. Stockholm School of Economics, House of Innovation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hansson, Julia
    Chalmers University of Technology, Maritime Environmental Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden. IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mossberg, Johanna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Energivetenskap. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, RISE Bioeconomy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Technological development for sustainability: The role of network management in the innovation policy mix2019Ingår i: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 138, s. 309-323Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the key role of actor networks in progressing new sustainable technologies, there is a shortage of conceptual knowledge on how policy can help strengthen collaborative practices in such networks. The objective of this paper is to analyze the roles of such policies – so-called network management – throughout the entire technological development processes. The analysis draws on the public management and sustainability transitions literatures, and discusses how various network characteristics could affect the development of sustainable technologies, including how different categories of network management strategies could be deployed to influence actor collaborations. The paper's main contribution is an analytical framework that addresses the changing roles of network management at the interface between various phases of the technological development process, illustrated with the empirical case of advanced biorefinery technology development in Sweden. Furthermore, the analysis also addresses some challenges that policy makers are likely to encounter when pursuing network management strategies, and identifies a number of negative consequences of ignoring such instruments in the innovation policy mix. The latter include inefficient actor role-taking, the emergence of small, ineffective and competing actor networks in similar technological fields, and a shortage of interpretative knowledge.

  • 11.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, ÅsaLuleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Addressing societal challenges2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Brattström, Anna
    et al.
    Sten K Johnson Centre for Entrepreneurship, Lund University.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Richtnér, Anders
    Stockholm School of Economics .
    Pfluger, Dane
    HEC, Paris .
    Can innovation be measured?: A framework of how measurement of innovation engages attention in firms2018Ingår i: Journal of engineering and technology management, ISSN 0923-4748, E-ISSN 1879-1719, Vol. 48, s. 64-75Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many firms manage the innovation process by using metrics. Yet, whether measurement supports or hinders innovation continues to be a topic of debate. To shed new light on this debate, this paper presents a conceptual framework of how measurement engages attention in firms. We draw on attention based theory and conceptualize innovation measurement as an attention-focusing device. We identify two ideal types of measurement practices. i) Directional Measurement: which is based on few and unidirectional metrics and encourages exploitative innovation efforts. ii) Conversational Measurement: which is based on multiple and ambiguous metrics and encourages exploration. We extend theory building in the technology and accounting literatures by theorizing the role of metrics and measurement for attention and by discussing the implications of such attentional engagement for innovation performance. In so doing, we engage closely with the managerial task of managing innovation while simplifying its conditions, thereby providing actionable advice.

  • 13.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Critical success factors in early new product development: a review and a conceptual model2018Ingår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 411-427Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on the front end in the New Product Development (NPD) literature is fragmented with respect to the identification and analysis of the factors that are critical to successful product development. The article has a two-fold purpose. First, it describes, analyses, and synthesizes those factors through a literature review of the research on the front end in NPD. Second, it conceptualizes a framework that features two types of success factors: foundational success factors (common to all the firm’s projects) and project-specific success factors (appropriate for the firm’s individual projects). The article makes recommendations for the management of this important phase of product development, discusses limitations of relevant previous research, and offers suggestions for future research. The article makes a theoretical contribution with its analysis and synthesis of the reasons for success in front-end activities and a practical contribution with its conceptual framework that can be used as an analytical tool by firms and their product managers.

  • 14.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Cenamor, Javier
    Department of Business Administration, School of Economics and Management, Lund University.
    Cavalli-Björkman, Harald
    re:newcell AB, Cardellgatan 1, SE-114 36 Stockholm.
    Hernell, Emma
    HUI Research, SE-103 29 Stockholm.
    Carlsson, Johan
    EVRY Sweden AB, Olof Asklunds Gata 10, 421 30 Västra Frölunda.
    Digital strategies for two-sided markets: A case study of shopping malls2018Ingår i: Decision Support Systems, ISSN 0167-9236, E-ISSN 1873-5797, Vol. 108, s. 34-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization is fundamentally changing the retailing ecosystem for shopping malls as digital and analogue elements get increasingly intertwined. We conceptualize shopping malls as two-sided markets whose primary function is connecting shoppers and retailers. By means of an interpretative case study, the article then presents an omnichannel strategy typology for how shopping malls can meet the evolving digitalization challenge. We identify three generic strategies labeled digital awaiter, digital data gatherer, and digital embracer. The paper provides implications for research in omnichannel strategies, digitalization, and two-sided markets by explicating different strategies that involve physical and digital resources, and different ecosystem agents, i.e., retailers and shoppers. It also provides insights for other organizations beyond retailing and which operate under a two-sided market regime.

  • 15.
    Sundén, Lina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    How to design revenue models for smart connected products2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing industry currently undergoesa transformation where digitalization throughsmartconnected products enable newinnovativeservice solutions.A key challenge for companies is capturingprofitsby designing appropriate revenue models for such service solutions. Through a case study of 11 companies, this study enhances knowledge about how to design revenue models forsmart connected product-services. The paperprovides novel insights about howto design new revenue models in a structured way by outlininga framework of keysteps and activities. By doing so it bridgesthe emerging digitalization literature with literature on servitization, advanced services and service solutions.

  • 16.
    Vrkljan, Darko
    et al.
    Department of Mining and Metallurgy, University of Zagreb.
    Grbes, Anamarija
    Department of Mining and Metallurgy, University of Zagreb.
    Rosenkranz, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Mineralteknik och metallurgi.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Sand, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Mineralteknik och metallurgi.
    Berger, Gerald
    Wirtschaftsuniversität, Wien.
    Innovative processing: Final report including guidelines and recommendations for future policy development for innovation in mineral and metallurgical processing2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    ObjectivesThe aim of WP4 “Innovative Processing” is to elaborate how innovations in mineral and metallurgical processing are generated or taken up in different EU Member States and on EU‐level and how this is either facilitated or inhibited by policies and legislation on national or European level. The purpose oft he deliverable 4.3 is to complement the findings of D4.1 and D4.2 by carrying out additional interviews with representatives from different stakeholder groups (academia, industry, NGO’s and policymakers). The topics and questions of the questionnaire addressed the respondents’ perception of national and EU‐ and EU MS level mineral policies, gaps and needs with respect to innovation in mineral‐ and metallurgical processing. Questions for the questionnaire focus on previously identified innovations in mineral processing, metallurgical processing and metal recycling. Based on the input both from previous deliverables and from findings through the additional interviews and innovation cases, an analysis of needs and gaps as well as a SWOT analysis has been conducted. Recommendations for future development of mineral and metallurgical processing sector were evaluated.

    Main FindingsConclusions and recommendations for future policy development for innovation in mineral and metallurgical processing were developed based on a survey and a SWOT analysis.

    • Most of the mineral policies are addressing the entire mineral value chain. Several statutory provisions are related to mineral and metallurgical processing. National mineral policies are not very much addressing the mineral and metallurgical processing, while recycling is dislocated from mining/mineral legislation.
    • The sentiment amongst policy makers towards the raw materials industry has improved on EU level through a number of strategic policy initiatives (e.g. the Strategic Implementation Plan for Raw materials, the revised EU Industrial Policy Strategy, the Raw Materials Initiative).
    • The use of raw materials from secondary sources has been identified as being an integral part of the life cycle of materials.
    • Innovations in mineral and metallurgical processing are not supported at strategic and economic/investment level. The policy is neutral or inhibiting through long and uncertain permitting procedure, or is indifferent to innovation as to mineral and metallurgical processing.
    • The European knowledge and skills base in mineral and metallurgical processing has diminished during the past 20 years.
  • 17.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Introduction: Addressing societal challenges2018Ingår i: Addressing Societal Challenges / [ed] Editors Johan Frishammar Åsa Ericson, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018, s. 1-6Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As an area of excellence in research and innovation, EffectiveInnovation & Organization (EIO) at Luleå University ofTechnology (LTU) represents an important initiative aimedat addressing societal challenges by combining engineeringand social science research. EIO enables the pooling of resourcesfrom various scientific disciplines to address manyof the societal challenges Sweden is currently facing. Thisbook is one result from such pooling of disciplines, resourcesand cross-disciplinary discussions. Here, some leading EIOresearchers have jointly analysed and reflected upon fivekey societal challenges to identify some of their implicationsand future pathways for research at LTU. All of these challengesspan multiple scientific domains, and competence ininnovation and organisation will be critical if they are to beaddressed effectively.

  • 18.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Statens roll vid grön omställning genom aktiv industripolitik2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The state plays a potentially important role in the processes of industrial renewal by adopting an active “green” industrial policy, since different types of market failures or system weaknesses can prevent the growth of new and more environmentally friendly technology. All too often, however, attempts to address such failures give rise to new problems and additional cost because the shaping of the policy fails to achieve the goals set and/or it creates unintentional repercussions in the economy. The role of the state in the development of new technology is therefore difficult and complex.

    This report discusses and reviews the role of the state in the green transition of industry whereby it adopts a so-called green industrial policy. Our purpose has been to look specifically at the role of the state in connection with sustainable capital-intensive investment, a typical example of which is the possibility of a lithium-ion battery factory in Sweden. This report is based on an analysis of the existing research on the pros and cons of green industrial policy.

    A first step is to discuss the various arguments for and against green industrial policy. One argument overriding the others in favour of such a policy is that high investment risks mean private-sector actors are not sufficiently keen to invest in new and untried technology. Their level of keenness may also be adversely affected by the fact that knowledge about new technology is a collective benefit; i.e. the knowledge developed “spills over” to other actors, which means any investment return will be lower for the private-sector actor than for the economy as a whole.

    The risks associated with green industrial policy include the fact that it could be “hijacked” by special interests which do not have the ability to develop the new technology by effective means, and the fact that the insufficient amount of information available would make it difficult for state actors to invest in the right technology. There are, moreover, difficulties associated with shaping a policy that can accurately pinpoint the most important risks and gaps in knowledge, including the risk that the different positive effects of the industrial policy will be realised outside the country’s borders.

    In a further step the report identifies and discusses the basis on which to shape green industrial policy. There needs to be clear accountability and transparency on the part of the state in the sense that there are clear visions, goals and ideas about which specific role the state ought to play in order to promote the desired development. In addition, the industrial policy ought to be based on a good understanding of the process of technological develop-ment; i.e. the stages of development, feedback mechanisms and the specific obstacles encountered by new technology in the innovation system. In the case of capital-intensive green investment with a long life it is also especially important that a consistent, far-sighted policy is in place to make the transition. Furthermore, no decisions regarding the shaping and implementing of the policy ought to be done independently of the skills and experience available in the industry in question, although this should involve making sure at all times that it does not compromise the independent standing of the state.

    Different types of specific instruments have different purposes, and as a rule what is needed is a “mix” of different instruments for implementing a green industrial policy that is fit for purpose. The report makes a distinction between technical, market-driving and system-wide instruments. In the context of this categorisation, the report concludes with a brief review of which specific instruments could be used for realising the policy chosen. The analysis here is not exhaustive, but the report provides a number of examples of how the choice of instruments can influence the conditions for implementing a green industrial policy that is fit for purpose.

  • 19.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Thorgren, Sara
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    The Telephone Game, or Clear as Crystal? How to Effectively Craft Responses to Reviewer Comments2018Ingår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 239-243Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This brief note focuses on how to communicate with reviewers through the response letter. Specifically, we elaborate on how to minimize the risk that reviewers underestimate the quality of the study because of poor communication in the response letter. We outline ideas for how to plan and organize a revision, and then crafting the response letter. We organize the discussion around how common writing rules, such as “Make it simple to read” and “Write for the target audience”, may apply to response letters but need adaptation to be effective. In summary, while the changes made in the actual paper are most important in any revision, this note provides an additional resource to use in order to increase the chances that the revised paper reaches its greatest potential. 

  • 20.
    Dusana, Hullova
    et al.
    University of Portsmouth.
    Pavel, Laczko
    University of Portsmouth.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    A Knowledge-flow Framework for Transitioning from a Product-centric Business to Provider of a Customer-centric Solution2017Ingår i: BAM 2017, Warwick, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Richtnér, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics (SSE).
    Brattström, Anna
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Björk, Jennie
    Department of Product Innovation Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Mats
    Department of Product Innovation Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Creating better innovation measurement practices2017Ingår i: MIT Sloan Management Review, ISSN 1532-9194, E-ISSN 1532-8937, Vol. 59, nr 1, s. 45-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Reim, Wiebke
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Lenka, Sambit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Implementing Sustainable Product–Service Systems Utilizing Business Model Activities2017Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 64, s. 61-66Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To stay competitive and comply with government legislation, many global manufacturing companies try to diminish their environmental impact and avoid commoditization of their products by offering sustainable product–service systems (PSS). Offering PSS successfully is highly challenging, however, and significant interfirm heterogeneity exists with regard to successful PSS provision. Based on multiple case studies in two global manufacturing companies, the importance of the business model as an organizing device to align and coordinate key activities and scarce resources in PSS is highlight. The analysis provides insights into the underlying building blocks that will help firms implement a PSS business model and provides new implications for analyzing and improving PSS offers.

  • 23.
    Sand, Anders
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Mineralteknik och metallurgi.
    Jan, Rosenkranz
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Mineralteknik och metallurgi.
    Johan, Frishammar
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Innovative processing: Preliminary report on teh policy and legislation framework conditions for innovation in mineral and metallurgical processing2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Gama, Fabio
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Managing interorganizational technology development: Project management practices for market- and science-based partnerships2017Ingår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 115-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms are increasingly relying on collaborating with external partners to drive technology development. Many firms struggle with managing the inherently uncertain and ambiguous technology development process, however, especially with external actors involved, because they may not have or share the same project management practices concerning coordination and control activities. To address this gap, this study examines appropriate project management practices for market- and science-partnerships in three large technology intensive firms. Our results suggest that interorganizational technology development is problematic because firms lack sufficient partner understanding and struggle with aligning their project management practices with those of their partners. To address these problems, we identify project management practices of coordination and control to fit the contingencies of each type of partner collaboration. Our results provide implications for theory and managerial practices related to managing interorganizational technology development.

  • 25.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Patel, Pankaj C
    Miller College of Business, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, Ball State University, Villanova School of Business, Villanova University.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Managing the front-end phase of process innovation under conditions of high uncertainty2017Ingår i: Quality and quantity, ISSN 0033-5177, E-ISSN 1573-7845, Vol. 51, nr 5, s. 1983-2000Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a fuzzy-set qualitative comparison analysis, we identify and examine key conditions for success in early front-end phases of process innovation projects. We focus on the very initial stage of the innovation process—the front-end phase—and a selection of conditions for managing highly uncertain process innovation projects. In high-uncertainty projects coupled with high levels of equivocality, formalizing roles and processes should be consistently avoided; however, idea screening is beneficial. Moreover, in successful innovation projects formalized processes but not formalized roles are beneficial. The findings suggest that formalizing roles and processes, a success factor in prior studies of innovation, does not result in success of process innovation projects

  • 26.
    Gama, Fabio
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design. Luleå tekniska universitet, Centre for Management of Innovation and Technology in Process Industry, Promote.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Open innovation in technology development: how an integrated set of project management practices can help companies to collaborate better with market- and science-based partners in technology development2017Ingår i: Management of Innovation and Technology, ISSN 2001-208X, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 5-7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Vad skapar framgångsrikainnovationsprojekti tidiga faser?: betydelsen av att lägga roller, formalisering och ett alltför brett externt samarbete åt sidan2017Ingår i: Management of Innovation and Technology, E-ISSN 2001-208X, nr 1, s. 5-7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Även om Svenska bolag generellt sett är duktiga på att följa den tekniska utvecklingen i sina branscher så finnsen stor förbättringspotential gällande innovationsförmåga generellt och nyhetsgrad i idéer och produktkonceptmer specifikt. Därför är det intressant att närmare analysera organisering av framgångsrika innovationsprojekt itidiga faser för att bättre förstå det arbete som sker där och vilka lärdomar som kan göras

  • 28.
    Klar, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design. Vendemore, Solna, Sweden.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Roman, Victor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Hallberg, Dan
    Department of Research and Development, LKAB.
    A technology readiness level scale for iron and steel industries2016Ingår i: Ironmaking & steelmaking, ISSN 0301-9233, E-ISSN 1743-2812, Vol. 43, nr 7, s. 494-499Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Technology Readiness Level (TRL) scale is one of the most popular maturity assessment techniques used by industrial firms worldwide. However, it is not a panacea that will work for every firm or every industry in its original form. Consequently, for the scale to be truly useful, it has to be adapted to fit the unique features of different firms and industries. In this article, we propose a revised and domain-specific TRL scale for evaluating technology maturity in iron and steel industries. This revised scale takes into account the idiosyncrasies of such firms, for example, product/process interdependencies, scaling problems, the reliance on pilot and demonstration experiments, and the fact that input and output materials are ingredients rather than components. The revised TRL scale helps managers to assess technology maturity and reduce risk by delivering better project and technology evaluations and providing a ‘common language’.

  • 29.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Richtnér, Anders
    Stockholm School of Economics, Center for Innovation and Operations Management, Stockholm School of Economics.
    Brattström, Anna
    Lund University.
    Magnusson, Mats
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Björk, Jennie
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Auditing Innovation Capability in the new Innovation Landscape2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 30.
    Brattström, Anna
    et al.
    Lund University .
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Anders, Richtner
    Stockholm School of Economics .
    Björk, Jennie
    The Royal Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Mats
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Boxing in and box breaking of attention: A process model of innovation measurement2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Gama, Fabio
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Idea generation in SMEs: when does market-based partnership pay off most?2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 32.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Mossberg, Johanna
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Chalmers Industriteknik.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Innovation System Strengths and Weaknesses in Progressing Sustainable Technology: The Case of Swedish Biorefinery Development2016Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 131, s. 702-715Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the combination of economic challenges and uncertain policy conditions in the United States, European Union, and elsewhere, the development of advanced biorefineries has progressed slower than anticipated. This has delayed the transition to a more sustainable and less carbon-intensive economy. In this article, we adopt the technological innovation system (TIS) approach to analyze advanced biorefinery development in Sweden, a front-runner country in current development. The analysis highlights a number of system strengths (e.g., long-term research funding; significant research infrastructure; strong actor networks) that have contributed to developing the Swedish TIS, but also important system weaknesses (e.g., weak coordination among ministries; lack of industrial absorptive capacity; unclear roles) inhibiting it. The article highlights a combination of four policy measures that build on the system strengths to address the system weaknesses: (a) the implementation of a deployment policy for creating domestic niche markets; (b) improved policy timing and more structured coordination among different governmental agencies; (c) the provision of stronger incentives for mature industries to invest in R&D and improve their absorptive capacity; and (d) improved organization and financing of existing research infrastructure. In addition to the empirical contribution, the article contributes with novel insights into the TIS framework by highlighting the dynamics between system strengths and weaknesses, and suggests that system strengths should be better emphasized in future TIS studies

  • 33.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Gama, Fabio
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Integrating Resources and Capabilities for Improved Front-End Operational Competitive Advantage2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The front-end phase is the early phase of new product development (NPD), which starts with an idea for a new product, and ends when the firm has developed a robust product concept (Khurana and Rosenthal, 1997). Numerous studies recognize the importance of front-end for successful NPD (Cooper and Kleinschmidt, 1987; Florén and Frishammar, 2012). However, prior research has shown that early NPD often has a dynamic and interactive nature and consists of complex information processing, ad hoc decision-making, and conflicting organizational pressures caused by high degrees of complexity and uncertainty (Akbar and Tzoukas, 2013; de Brentani and Reid, 2012). This leads to operational challenges such as missteps, time delays, and product failure in the front-end (Goldenberg et al., 2001).

     

    Although the literature on the subsequent NPD phases is strong and well developed (see e.g. Brown and Eisenhardt, 1995; Cooper et al., 2002), practical insights are still short about how firms achieve proficient management of operations in the front-end phase. In fact, most prior studies have proposed laundry lists of successful factors (Khurana and Rosenthal, 1997), but provide limited insights into unique resources and capabilities critical to operations. Building on the resource-based view (Barney, 1991), we undertake an explorative study to identify such unique resources and capabilities that enable front-end operational competitive advantages. More importantly, we also investigate how resources and capabilities interact and jointly provide different operational advantages in front-end of NPD. 

  • 34.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Patel, Pankaj C.
    Villanova University, Villanova School of Business.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Managing Interorganizational Innovation Projects: Mitigating the Negative Effects of Equivocality Through Knowledge Search Strategies2016Ingår i: Long range planning, ISSN 0024-6301, E-ISSN 1873-1872, Vol. 49, nr 6, s. 691-705Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Equivocality, or divergent interpretations and understandings of tasks and knowledge, has negative effects on performance because it increases conflicts and creates communication and coordination challenges in inter-organizational innovation projects. However, equivocality may also stimulate team members to discuss beliefs and interpretations in ways that provide improved understanding of knowledge and tasks. We theorize that mitigation of negative effects of equivocality on project performance is conditional on explorative or exploitative knowledge search mode. Exploitative search (increasing search depth) allows for rapid learning based on the partners' existing knowledge, but it also limits a team's ability to interpret and combine diverse knowledge. Explorative search (increasing search breadth), on the other hand, allows for novel combinations of diverse knowledge and thereby alleviates the negative effect of equivocality on performance. Based on quantitative data from 251 respondents in 52 heavy-engineering innovation projects in four multinational corporations based in Sweden and from their 29 collaborating partner firms worldwide, we find that equivocality reduces project performance, but that joint explorative search mitigates the negative effect of equivocality on project performance. However, we do not find support for the moderation effect of exploitative search on the relationship between equivocality and project performance. Theoretical and managerial contributions as well as limitations and suggestions for future research are presented

  • 35.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Managing uncertainty and equivocality in joint process development projects2016Ingår i: Journal of engineering and technology management, ISSN 0923-4748, E-ISSN 1879-1719, Vol. 39, s. 13-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Process development is key to competitiveness in process industries. However, budget overruns frequently plague process development projects which span organizational boundaries to involve both buyers and suppliers. We identify uncertainty and equivocality as key antecedents causing such negative effects, and investigate the reduction and performance implications of these two variables. An empirical survey of 52 joint process development projects show that project teams reduce uncertainty through early end-user involvement, whereas equivocality can be reduced by joint problem-solving activities among buyers and suppliers.

  • 36.
    Magnusson, Mats
    et al.
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Björk, Jennie
    Machine Design, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brattström, Anna
    Lund University.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Richtnér, Anders
    Stockholm School of Economics, Center for Innovation and Operations Management, Stockholm School of Economics.
    Measuring front-end innovation2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 37.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Dahlskog, Emmy
    I3tex.
    Krumlinde, Charlotte
    WSP Sverige AB.
    Yazgan, Kerem
    Axel Johnson Group.
    The front end for radical innovation: A case study of idea- and concept development at Prime group2016Ingår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 179-198Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A firm's ability to develop radical innovation is heavily contingent on the front-end phases where ideas and concepts are created, yet few empirical studies provide detailed insights into radical idea and concept development. Using literature on problem finding and problem solving, we explore how radically new ideas and concepts emerge, and outline the process by which they are created. Based on multiple case studies of five completed and two ongoing projects conducted by a highly innovative consultancy firm, Prime Group, the article proposes a six-step process for radical idea and concept development. The insights provide theoretical implications and advice for how firms can increase novelty and success rates of emergent radical ideas and concepts

  • 38.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    The role of individuals for Absorptive capacity in Industrial R&D2016Ingår i: IAMOT 2015: 24th International Association for Management of Technology Conference: Technology, Innovation and Management for Sustainable Growth, Proceedings / [ed] G.A. Thopil; L. Pretorius, Pretoria: Graduate School of Technology Management, University of Pretoria , 2016, s. 477-487Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Absorptive capacity, conceptualized as identifying, selecting and integrating useful knowledge from the environment into commercial applications, is a key capability for any organization, team or individual. While prior literature has made substantial advancement into the performance consequences of absorptive capacity, few studies have addressed what actually constitutes ACAP on a micro level. Thus, there exists a significant gap within the literature concerning the micro-foundations of ACAP. This study attempts to fill this gap by means of multiple case studies within the R&D organizations of three multinational engineering firms. Our findings show how the micro foundations of absorptive capacity are rooted in individual skills, roles and relationships.

  • 39.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    The Role of Pilot and Demonstration Plants in Technology Development and Innovation Policy2016Ingår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 45, nr 9, s. 1743-1761Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Pilot- and demonstration plants (PDPs) represent bridges between generating basic knowledge and technological breakthroughs on the one hand, and industrial applications and commercial adoption on the other. This paper reports on a longitudinal study of how two technological fields that received significant public funding evolved—biochemical conversion of biomass and thermal conversion of black liquor. In doing so, this study makes two contributions. First, it provides a framework for analyzing the roles of various types of PDPs in developing new technology. The framework highlights the learning processes taking place at and around these plants and how they contribute to reducing different types of risks. It also elaborates on the importance of actor networks and institutional preconditions, and how both network performance and institutions can be influenced through various strategies. Second, the article contributes with new insights into the challenges of innovation policy in a PDP context. A policy mix is often required because policy cannot be considered meaningfully at a single level of government and will therefore be influenced heavily by limited foresight and politics (both nationally and locally). Therefore, policy must address both the need for parallel and iterative public funding of R&D and different types of plants, as well as attempts to directly influence collaborative processes in actor networks.

  • 40.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Öppen innovation i produktutvecklingsprocessen2016Ingår i: Öppen innovation: i teori och praktik, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, s. 157-173Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    På samma sätt som stängda innovationsprocesser behöver ledas och styras för att fungera effektivt, behöver öppenna innovation-sprocesser ledning och styrning. För att hantera forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt (FoU) använder de flesta stora företag en standardmodell kallad Stage-Gate-processen. I detta kapitel undersöks hur företag kan dra nytta av att öppna upp forsknings- och utvecklingsprocessen genom att integrera öppen innovation i denna process. Med hjälp av studier av flera företags utvecklingsprocesser har vi utforskat potentiella möjligheter för att anamma principerna för både inkommande och utgående öppen innovation. Med utgångspunkt i våra resultat och tidigare teori utvecklar vi en användarorienterad arbetsmodell, kallad den öppna Stage-Gate-modellen, som kan ses som ett första steg mot att integrera principerna för öppen innovation med existerande produktutvecklingsprocesser. Modellen drar nytta av fördelarna med öppenhet samtidigt som den anammar de systematiska och strukturerade aktiviteter som Stage-Gate-processen innebär. Medan den öppna Stage-Gate-modellen tar särskild hänsyn till in- och utflöde av kunskap och teknologi genom stegvisa utvärderingar, möjliggör den också kontinuerlig utvärdering av företagens affärsmodell och kärnkompetenser. Modellen har därmed stor betydelse för hur företag fångar värdet från såväl internt som externt utnyttjande av kunskap och teknologi i allt öppnare innovationsprocesser.

  • 41.
    Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Development of integrated product/service offers through integration, or not?: A multiple case study of global manufacturing firms2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In a world where advanced engineering products are commoditized, many manufacturing companies now strive to improve differentiation and profitability by offering integrated combinations of products and services known as product-service systems (PSS). Prior literature has proposed that such integrated offers be developed through an integrated product/service development process, but has so far not studied such integration in detail. To this background, our purpose is to study how integrated product/service offers actually come about. Our results are somewhat surprising, and paradoxical. Through an inductive multiple case study across eight multinational companies, we find that effective alignment-not integration-is the key to developing successful integrated PSS offerings. Thus, an integrated PSS offer seems to be reached through alignment rater than integration. The paper also identifies the key factors that inhibit integration and the various mechanisms that support alignment, and provides theoretical implications for literature and managerial implications for better development of integrated PSS solutions.

  • 42.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Thorgren, Sara
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    How and Why Individuals Contribute to Organizational Absorptive Capacity2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    At the organizational level absorptive capacity (ACAP) has been shown to lead to increased innovativeness, sales growth and competitive advantage. However, most studies adopt abstract firm level measures for absorptive capacity (e.g. R&D intensity) which provides little insight on how firms can work proactively to build ACAP. Therefore, recent literature calls for more in-depth research of the micro-foundations of ACAP at individual and team levels. This study seeks to contribute to such insights by focusing on the mechanisms that direct individual involvement in activities that contribute to ACAP. By means of multiple case studies with multi-national engineering firms we uncover key drivers, hinders and inhibitors toward individual contributions to absorption of new knowledge. Our results provide significant implications for literature as well as management practice.

  • 43.
    Richtner, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Brattström, Anna
    Lund University.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Magnusson, Mats
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Jennie, Björk
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Innovation Roadmap: A process model for measuring innovation.2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 44.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    et al.
    SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energiteknik.
    Mossberg, Johanna
    Chalmers Industriteknik.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Innovation System Strengths and Weaknesses in Progressing Sustainable Technology: The Case of Swedish Biorefinery Development2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 45.
    Gama, Fabio
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Managing Open Technology Development: Adapting Stage-Gate Processes to Partner Types2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms are increasingly reliant on collaborating with external partners to drive their technology development efforts in light of increasing pace of development and global competition. However, many firms struggle with managing the inherently uncertain and ambiguous process of technology development with external actors because these may not share the same technological understandings, processes and goals. Accordingly, we argue that further research is required to better understand the management of joint projects with different types of partners within technology development. To fill this gap this study examines the adaptation of traditional stage-gate processes for technology development projects with science-based and market-based partners in three large technologies oriented firms. Our results shows that open technology development projects are often problematic because firms lack partner understanding and have difficulty aligning their development processes with external partners. To address these problems we found that our firms adapted their processes by implementing externally oriented stages, gates and roles to suit the contingencies of collaboration with science-based and market-based partners respectively. Our results provide implications for theory and management practice concerning the management of open innovation and stage-gate processes.

  • 46.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Problem-Finding and Problem-Solving Challenges in Large Firms2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In open innovation processes, when partners actively transfer technology and knowledge across firm boundaries, effective and timely problem solving is the key to progress any given collaborative project. We propose that the problems a development team need to solve may be conceptualized as ambiguous, equivocal, uncertain or complex, or a combination of the four. By means of a multiple case study of new product and technology development at global manufacturing firms, we propose that efficient solution search is contingent on matching the nature of a problem with the appropriate solution search strategy. We identify four solution search strategies, so far tentatively referred to as: analytic search, interpretative search, restrictive search, and acquisition search. The article elaborates the key activities, effects and trade-offs of these strategies and provides managerial implications for improved problem solving in open and collaborative development.

  • 47.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericsson, Kristian
    TRUMPF Machine Tools International.
    Patel, Pankaj
    Miller College of Business, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana.
    The dark side of knowledge transfer: Exploring knowledge leakage in joint R&D projects2015Ingår i: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 41-42, s. 75-88Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge leakage refers to loss of technological knowledge intended to stay within a firm׳s boundaries and may cause a “weakened state” in which a focal firm loses its competitive advantage and industry position. Based on multiple case studies of knowledge leakage in joint research and development (R&D) projects in large firms in Sweden, this paper makes two contributions. First, in contrast to the uni-dimensional dyadic leakage process assumed in the literature, we find that the knowledge leakage process is multi-dimensional and exists in three varieties: i) a process whereby an external party assimilates knowledge from a focal firm, ii) a process whereby an external party assimilates knowledge from another external party, and iii) a process whereby the focal firm uses knowledge already shared with an external party in such a way that it becomes sensitive. Second, where the prior literature suggests that core knowledge must be protected from leakage, we find that some core knowledge can leak without negative effects, whereas some knowledge, being non-core to a focal firm, can have severe negative effects. These insights provide novel theoretical implications and new insights into how firms can manage knowledge leakage in practice.

  • 48.
    Morgan, Todd
    et al.
    Kent State University, Kent, OH.
    Anokhin, Sergey
    Kent State University, Kent, OH.
    Kretinin, Andrey
    Kent State University, Kent, OH.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    The Dark Side of the Entrepreneurial Orientation and Market Orientation Interplay: A New Product Development Perspective2015Ingår i: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, Vol. 33, nr 7, s. 731-751Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the dark side of the entrepreneurial orientation–market orientation interplay, and introduces consumer learning to the research stream. In a sample of 206 mid-sized manufacturing firms, the study shows that entrepreneurial orientation has a positive impact on new product development performance, but the effects are reduced when firms simultaneously implement a market orientation philosophy. While having both an entrepreneurial orientation and market orientation philosophy may hinder new product development performance, the article examines how a high market orientation may help reduce consumer learning and enhance the adoption of radical new products

  • 49.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    The role of individuals for Absorptive capacity in Industrial R&D2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Absorptive capacity, conceptualized as identifying, selecting and integrating useful knowledge from the environment into commercial applications, is a key capability for any organization, team or individual. While prior literature has made substantial advancement into the performance consequences of absorptive capacity, few studies have addressed what actually constitutes ACAP on a micro level. Thus, there exists a significant gap within the literature concerning the micro-foundations of ACAP. This study attempts to fill this gap by means of multiple case studies within the R&D organizations of three multinational engineering firms. Our findings show how the micro foundations of absorptive capacity are rooted in individual skills, roles and relationships.

  • 50.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Bäckström, Kristoffer
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    The Role of Pilot and Demonstration Plants in Technological Development: Synthesis and Directions for Future Research2015Ingår i: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, ISSN 0953-7325, E-ISSN 1465-3990, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 1-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Pilot and demonstration plants (PDPs) play important roles in technological development. They represent bridges between basic knowledge generation and technological breakthroughs on the one hand, and industrial application and commercial adoption on the other. The objectives of this article are to synthesise and categorise existing research on PDPs, as well as to suggest an agenda for future research. We review the PDP phenomena in three literature streams: engineering and natural science research, technology and innovation management, and innovation systems. The analysis highlights clear differences in e.g. conceptions of system boundaries and what the literature streams seeks to accomplish, but also similarities such as the key ideas of using PDPs for technology scale-up and uncertainty reduction.

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