Change search
Refine search result
12 1 - 50 of 80
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Faisal, Abrar
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Holmlund, Mattias
    Swedish University of Agriculture Sciences.
    Ginesy, Mireille
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Enman, Josefine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Recovery of l-Arginine from Model Solutions and Fermentation Broth Using Zeolite-Y Adsorbent2019In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, ISSN 2168-0485, Vol. 7, no 9, p. 8900-8907Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Arginine was produced via fermentation of sugars using the engineered microorganism Escherichia coli. Zeolite-Y adsorbents in the form of powder and extrudates were used to recover arginine from both a real fermentation broth and aqueous model solutions. An adsorption isotherm was determined using model solutions and zeolite-Y powder. The saturation loading was determined to be 0.2 g/g using the Sips model. Arginine adsorbed from a real fermentation broth using either zeolite-Y powder or extrudates both showed a maximum loading of 0.15 g/g at pH 11. This adsorbed loading is very close to the corresponding value obtained from the model solution showing that under the experimental conditions the presence of additional components in the broth did not have a significant effect on the adsorption of arginine. Furthermore, a breakthrough curve was determined for extrudates using a 1 wt % arginine model solution. The selectivity for arginine over ammonia and alanine from the real fermentation broth at pH 11 was 1.9 and 8.3, respectively, for powder, and 1.0, and 4.1, respectively, for extrudates. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time recovery of arginine from real fermentation broths using any type of adsorbent has been reported.

  • 2.
    Nabavi, Mohammad Sadegh
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zhou, Ming
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Mouzon, Johanne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Stability of colloidal ZSM-5 catalysts synthesized in fluoride and hydroxide media2019In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN 1387-1811, E-ISSN 1873-3093, Vol. 278, p. 167-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ZSM-5 zeolite crystals with carefully controlled thicknesses in the range 20–110 nm, i.e. in the colloidal domain, were synthesized in fluoride and hydroxide media. The crystals were treated in steam at high temperature to evaluate the stability and evaluated by SEM, XRD, NMR and NH3-TPD. The results showed that the framework of crystals synthesized in fluoride media was more stable than the framework of crystals synthesized in hydroxide media. This should be an effect of lower concentration of structural defects and silanol groups in the former zeolites as reported by other groups. However, independently of the synthesis conditions, all crystals dealuminated rapidly when treated with steam at the conditions investigated in the present work.

  • 3.
    Yu, Liang
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering. Luleå University of Technology.
    Fouladvand, Shahpar
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Ultra-thin MFI membranes with different Si/Al ratios for CO2/CH4 separation2019In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN 1387-1811, E-ISSN 1873-3093, Vol. 284, p. 258-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultra-thin MFI zeolite membranes with different Si/Al ratios (152, 47 and 26) were prepared on graded α-alumina supports in the presence of organic template molecules and evaluated for separation of equimolar CO2/CH4 mixtures at temperatures from 315 to 249 K. The thicknesses of all membranes were less than 500 nm and permporometry showed that the number and size of defects were low for the two membranes with the highest Si/Al ratio (152 and 47). The membrane with the lowest Si/Al ratio (26) also had low amounts of defects in the mesopore range, but did have a few macropore defects. All membranes showed very high CO2permeances in the entire temperature range studied and the permeances increased with increasing temperature. The CO2 permances were also correlated to the Si/Al ratio of the membranes. The higher permeances was observed for membranes with higher Si/Al ratio. The highest observed CO2 permeance was 142 × 10−7 mol s−1 m−2Pa−1 at room temperature for the membrane with Si/Al = 152. The separation factor, on the other hand, increased with decreasing temperature for the two membranes with the highest Si/Al ratio (152 and 47), but for the membrane with a Si/Al ratio of 26, the separation factor went through a maximum at ca. 270 K. The highest separation factor observed was 7.1 at 249 K for the membrane with Si/Al = 47. These observations are consistent with an adsorption controlled separation mechanism.

  • 4.
    Carvalho, Lara
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Furusjö, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science. IVL – Swedish Environmental Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ma, Chunyan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Ji, Xiaoyan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Lundgren, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Öhrman, Olov G. W.
    IVL – Swedish Environmental Institute, Stockholm, Sweden;RISE Energy Technology Center AB, Piteå, Sweden.
    Wetterlund, Elisabeth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.
    Alkali enhanced biomass gasification with in situ S capture and a novel syngas cleaning: Part 2: Techno-economic analysis2018In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 165, no Part B, p. 471-482Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that alkali addition has operational advantages in entrained flow biomass gasification and allows for capture of up to 90% of the biomass sulfur in the slag phase. The resultant low-sulfur content syngas can create new possibilities for syngas cleaning processes. The aim was to assess the techno-economic performance of biofuel production via gasification of alkali impregnated biomass using a novel gas cleaning systemcomprised of (i) entrained flow catalytic gasification with in situ sulfur removal, (ii) further sulfur removal using a zinc bed, (iii) tar removal using a carbon filter, and (iv) CO2 reductionwith zeolite membranes, in comparison to the expensive acid gas removal system (Rectisol technology). The results show that alkali impregnation increases methanol productionallowing for selling prices similar to biofuel production from non-impregnated biomass. It was concluded that the methanol production using the novel cleaning system is comparable to the Rectisol technology in terms of energy efficiency, while showing an economic advantagederived from a methanol selling price reduction of 2–6 €/MWh. The results showed a high level of robustness to changes related to prices and operation. Methanol selling prices could be further reduced by choosing low sulfur content feedstocks.

  • 5.
    Mu, Liwen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements. Intelligent Composites Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The University of Akron.
    Wu, Jian
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Matsakas, Leonidas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Chen, Minjiao
    Vahidi, Alireza
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zhu, Jiahua
    Intelligent Composites Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The University of Akron.
    Shi, Yijun
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Lignin from Hardwood and Softwood Biomass as a Lubricating Additive to Ethylene Glycol2018In: Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 23, no 3, article id 537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethylene glycol (EG)-based lubricant was prepared with dissolved organosolv lignin from birch wood (BL) and softwood (SL) biomass. The effects of different lignin types on the rheological, thermal, and tribological properties of the lignin/EG lubricants were comprehensively investigated by various characterization techniques. Dissolving organosolv lignin in EG results in outstanding lubricating properties. Specifically, the wear volume of the disc by EG-44BL is only 8.9% of that lubricated by pure EG. The enhanced anti-wear property of the EG/lignin system could be attributed to the formation of a robust lubrication film and the strong adhesion of the lubricant on the contacting metal surface due to the presence of a dense hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network. The lubricating performance of EG-BL outperforms EG-SL, which could be attributed to the denser H-bonding sites in BL and its broader molecular weight distribution. The disc wear loss of EG-44BL is only 45.7% of that lubricated by EG-44SL. Overall, H-bonding is the major contributor to the different tribological properties of BL and SL in EG-based lubricants.

  • 6.
    Yu, Liang
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Ultra-thin MFI membranes for removal of C3+ hydrocarbons from methane2018In: Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, E-ISSN 1873-3123, Vol. 551, p. 254-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The removal of propane and heavier hydrocarbons (C3+) from natural gas is an important part of natural gas upgrading. In the present work, ultra-thin MFI zeolite membranes with a thickness of 400 nm and an estimated Si/Al ratio of 152 were evaluated for separation of C3H8 and n-C4H10 from binary and ternary mixtures with CH4. The membranes were selective towards the heavier hydrocarbons and showed high permeance at all investigated temperatures. At room temperature, the n-C4H10/CH4 separation selectivity was 25, coupled with an n-C4H10 permeance of 31 × 10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1 for a 10/90 n-C4H10/CH4 binary feed mixture. As the temperature was decreased to 281 K, the separation selectivity increased to as high as 55 with an n-C4H10 permeance of 25 × 10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1. The separation selectivities for a 10/90 C3H8/CH4 binary mixture were 9.5 and 19, with C3H8 permeances as high as 54 and 37 × 10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1 at 297 and 271 K, respectively. The higher selectivities observed for n-C4H10 containing mixtures was ascribed to stronger adsorption of n-C4H10 than C3H8 in MFI, thus resulting in higher adsorption selectivities of the n-C4H10 containing mixtures over CH4. For a 10/10/80 n-C4H10/C3H8/CH4 ternary mixture, the highest sum selectivity of (n-C4H10 + C3H8)/CH4 was 48 and the corresponding sum permance of (n-C4H10 + C3H8) was 26 × 10−7 mol m−2s−1 Pa−1 at 283 K, which were similar to the separation results of n-C4H10/CH4 binary mixture at the same conditions. The n-C4H10/CH4 and C3H8/CH4 separation selectivities from the ternary mixture were of course lower, but still as high as 32 and 16 at 283 K, with n-C4H10 and C3H8 permeances of 17 and 8 × 10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1, respectively. The results show that ultra-thin MFI zeolite membranes are promising candidates for separation of C3+ hydrocarbons from natural gas. 

  • 7.
    Faisal, Abrar
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering. Department of Chemical Engineering COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Lahore.
    Zhou, Ming
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zeolite MFI adsorbent for recovery of butanol from ABE fermentation broths produced from an inexpensive black liquor-derived hydrolyzate2018In: Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, ISSN 2190-6815, E-ISSN 2190-6823, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 679-687Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, high-silica MFI zeolite adsorbent was evaluated for selective recovery of butanol from a real ABE (acetone, butanol, and ethanol) fermentation broth by batch adsorption measurements. The fermentation broth was produced using a hydrolyzate originating from Kraft black liquor, an internal stream in pulp mills, i.e., a low-cost substrate. The adsorbent was very selective towards butanol and butyric acid and became nearly saturated with a mixture of butanol and butyric acid with relative amounts of butanol and butyric acid depending on the pH. The presence of phenolic compounds in significant amounts in the fermentation broths, originating from the black liquor hydrolyzate, did not affect the adsorption of butanol and butyric acid.

  • 8.
    Nyberg, Erik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Additives to Improve Tribological Properties of Ionic Liquid as Base Fluids2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) have several properties which make them interesting candidates as base fluids for extreme conditions. However, a lack of compatibility with tribo-improving additives combined with an often overly aggressive nature is limiting their use as base fluids. To overcome these drawbacks, hydrocarbon-imitating RTIL base fluids have recently been developed. These lubricants aim for a more balanced interaction with metal surfaces while enabling compatibility with common additives, so that the reactivity with the lubricated surface can be tuned in a manner similar to hydrocarbon base oil–additive systems. In this work, the effects of several common additives in the novel RTIL were examined by laboratory tribotesting. Surface analysis was performed in order to study the lubrication mechanisms.

  • 9.
    Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    DeJaco, Robert F.
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Theory Center, University of Minnesota , Minneapolis.
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Siepmann, J. Ilja
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Theory Center, University of Minnesota , Minneapolis.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Comparative Study of the Effect of Defects on Selective Adsorption of Butanol from Butanol/Water Binary Vapor Mixtures in Silicalite-1 Films2017In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 33, no 34, p. 8420-8427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A promising route for sustainable 1-butanol (butanol) production is ABE (acetone, butanol, ethanol) fermentation. However, recovery of the products is challenging because of the low concentrations obtained in the aqueous solution, thus hampering large-scale production of biobutanol. Membrane and adsorbent-based technologies using hydrophobic zeolites are interesting alternatives to traditional separation techniques (e.g., distillation) for energy-efficient separation of butanol from aqueous mixtures. To maximize the butanol over water selectivity of the material, it is important to reduce the number of hydrophilic adsorption sites. This can, for instance, be achieved by reducing the density of lattice defect sites where polar silanol groups are found. The density of silanol defects can be reduced by preparing the zeolite at neutral pH instead of using traditional synthesis solutions with high pH. In this work, binary adsorption of butanol and water in two silicalite-1 films was studied using in situ attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy under equal experimental conditions. One of the films was prepared in fluoride medium, whereas the other one was prepared at high pH using traditional synthesis conditions. The amounts of water and butanol adsorbed from binary vapor mixtures of varying composition were determined at 35 and 50 °C, and the corresponding adsorption selectivities were also obtained. Both samples showed very high selectivities (100-23 000) toward butanol under the conditions studied. The sample having low density of defects, in general, showed ca. a factor 10 times higher butanol selectivity than the sample having a higher density of defects at the same experimental conditions. This difference was due to a much lower adsorption of water in the sample with low density of internal defects. Analysis of molecular simulation trajectories provides insights on the local selectivities in the zeolite channel network and at the film surface.

  • 10.
    Grahn, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Higman, Christopher
    HigmanConsulting GmbH.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering. ZeoMemSweden AB.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering. ZeoMemSweden AB.
    Efficient syngas upgrading with high flux zeolite membranes2017In: 34th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference: Coal - Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, PCC 2017, International Pittsburgh Coal Conference , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Nyberg, Erik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Mouzon, Johanne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Formation of Boundary Film from Ionic Liquids Enhanced by Additives2017In: Applied Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-3417, Vol. 7, no 5, article id 433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) have several properties that make them interesting candidates as base fluids for extreme conditions. However, a lack of compatibility with tribo-improving additives combined with an often overly aggressive nature is limiting their use as base fluids. To overcome these drawbacks, hydrocarbon-imitating RTIL base fluids have recently been developed. In this study, the effects of several common additives in the novel RTIL (P-SiSO) were examined by laboratory tribotesting. A reciprocating steel-steel ball-on-flat setup in an air atmosphere was used, where the lubricant performance was evaluated over a range of loads and temperatures. Surface analyses after testing were carried out using optical profilometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Neat P-SiSO displayed high performance in the tribotests. At an elevated load and temperature, a shift in lubrication mode was observed with an accompanying increase in friction and wear. Surface analysis revealed a boundary film rich in Si and O in the primary lubrication mode, while P was detected after a shift to the secondary lubrication mode. An amine additive was effective in reducing wear and friction under harsh conditions. The amine was determined to increase formation of the protective Si–O film, presumably by enhancing the anion activity.

  • 12.
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Ternary Adsorption of Methane, Water and Carbon Dioxide in Zeolite Na-ZSM-5 Studied Using in Situ ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy2017In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 121, no 27, p. 14703-14711Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main component in biogas and natural gas is methane but these gases also contain water and carbon dioxide that often have to be removed in order to increase the calorific value of the gas. Membrane and adsorbent-based technologies using zeolites are interesting alternatives for efficient separation of these components. To develop efficient processes, it is essential to know the adsorption properties of the zeolite. In the present work, adsorption of methane, carbon dioxide and water from ternary mixtures in high silica zeolite Na-ZSM-5 was studied using in-situ ATR (Attenuated Total Reflection) – FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared) spectroscopy. Adsorbed concentrations were extracted from the infrared spectra and the obtained loadings were compared to values predicted by the Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory (IAST). The IAST could not fully capture the adsorption behavior of this ternary mixture, indicating that the adsorbed phase is not behaving as an ideal mixture. The CO2/CH4 adsorption selectivities determined for the ternary mixtures were compared to selectivities determined for binary mixtures in our previous work, indicating that the presence of water slightly improves the CO2/CH4 adsorption selectivity at lower temperatures. Further, the results show that water and carbon dioxide are adsorbed preferentially over methane in high silica zeolite Na-ZSM-5.

  • 13.
    Yu, Liang
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Ye, Pengcheng
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Ultra-thin MFI membranes for olefin/nitrogen separation2017In: Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, E-ISSN 1873-3123, Vol. 524, p. 428-435Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recovery of light hydrocarbons such as propylene and ethylene from vent streams in polymer plants is desirable since it opens up for more efficient conversion of the monomers with high economic value. Consequently, polymer membrane vapour-gas separation systems have been used for this purpose for decades [1,2]. However, an alternative is zeolite membranes. In this work, ultra-thin MFI zeolite membranes (0.5 µm) were used to separate propylene or ethylene from binary 20/80 olefin/nitrogen mixtures at different temperatures. The membranes were olefin selective with high permeance at all investigated temperatures. At room temperature, the permeance of propylene was 22×10-7 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1 and the separation factor was 43, which corresponds to a separation selectivity of around 80. For a mixture of 20 mol.% ethylene in nitrogen, the maximum separation factor was 6 (corresponds to a separation selectivity of 8.4) at 277 K with an ethylene permeance of 57×10-7 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1. The membrane selectivity was governed by more extensive adsorption of olefin, especially propylene, as compared to nitrogen. Comparing with ethylene, propylene has higher heat of adsorption, which probably caused the higher propylene/nitrogen selectivity compared to ethylene/nitrogen selectivity. The permeance and the selectivity for propylene were much higher than for commercial polymeric membranes. For ethylene, the permeance was much higher, and the selectivity was comparable to commercial polymeric membranes. Modelling showed that the pressure drop over the support limited the flux through the membranes especially at higher temperatures and in particular for the ethylene/nitrogen system with high flux. Further, modelling indicated that the result obtained at high temperatures, where the flux was high, was also affected by concentration polarization. However, for the propylene/nitrogen system at the optimum separation temperature, the pressure drop over the support and the concentration polarisation were small. The results show that ultra-thin MFI zeolite membranes are promising candidates for light olefins/nitrogen separation in polymer plants.

  • 14.
    Korelskiy, Danil
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Ye, Pengcheng
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zhou, Ming
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    A study of CO2/CO separation by sub-micron b-oriented MFI membranes2016In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, no 70, p. 65475-65482Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Separation of CO2 and CO is of great importance for many industrial applications. Today, CO2 is removed from CO mainly by adsorption or physical or chemical absorption systems that are energy-intensive and expensive. Membranes are listed among the most promising sustainable and energy-efficient alternatives for CO2 separation. Here, we study CO2/CO separation by novel sub-micron b-oriented MFI zeolite membranes in a temperature range of 258-303 K and at a feed pressure of 9 bar. Under all experimental conditions studied, the membranes were CO2-selective and displayed high CO2 permeance ranging from 17 000 to 23 000 gpu. With decreasing temperature, the CO2/CO selectivity was increasing, reaching a maximum of 26 at 258 K. We also developed a mathematical model to describe the membrane process, and it indicated that the membrane separation performance was a result of selective adsorption of CO2 on the polar zeolite. The heat of adsorption of CO2 on the zeolite is more negative due to the high quadrupole moment and polarisability of the molecule as compared to CO. At the same time, diffusional coupling (correlation effects) at high adsorbed loadings was found to favour the overall CO2/CO selectivity of the membranes by reducing the diffusivity of the lighter CO molecule in the ca. 0.55 nm pores in the zeolite. The model also indicated that the separation performance was limited by the mass transfer resistance in the support and concentration polarisation on the feed side of the membrane.

  • 15.
    Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zhou, Ming
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Adsorption of Butanol and Water Vapors in Silicalite‑1 Films with a Low Defect Density2016In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 32, p. 11789-11798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pure silica zeolites are potentially hydrophobic and have therefore been considered to be interesting candidates for separating alcohols, e.g., 1-butanol, from water. Zeolites are traditionally synthesized at high pH, leading to the formation of intracrystalline defects in the form of silanol defects in the framework. These silanol groups introduce polar adsorption sites into the framework, potentially reducing the adsorption selectivity toward alcohols in alcohol/water mixtures. In contrast, zeolites prepared at neutral pH using the fluoride route contain significantly fewer defects. Such crystals should show a much higher butanol/water selectivity than crystals prepared in traditional hydroxide (OH−) media. Moreover, silanol groups are present at the external surface of the zeolite crystals; therefore, minimizing the external surface of the studied adsorbent is important. In this work, we determine adsorption isotherms of 1-butanol and water in silicalite-1 films prepared in a fluoride (F−) medium using in situ attenuated total reflectance−Fourier transform infrared (ATR−FTIR) spectroscopy. This film was composed of well intergrown, plate-shaped b-oriented crystals, resulting in a low external area. Single-component adsorption isotherms of 1-butanol and water were determined in the temperature range of 35− 80 °C. The 1-butanol isotherms were typical for an adsorbate showing a high affinity for a microporous material and a large increase in the amount adsorbed at low partial pressures of 1-butanol. The Langmuir−Freundlich model was successfully fitted to the 1-butanol isotherms, and the heat of adsorption was determined. Water showed a very low affinity for the adsorbent, and the amounts adsorbed were very similar to previous reports for large silicalite-1 crystals prepared in a fluoride medium. The sample also adsorbed much less water than did a reference silicalite-1(OH−) film containing a high density of internal defects.The results show that silicalite-1 films prepared in a F− medium with a low density of defects and external area are very promising for the selective recovery of 1-butanol from aqueous solutions.

  • 16.
    Yu, Liang
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Biogas upgrading by zeolite membranes2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Berezovsky, Vladimir
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Öberg, Sven
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Effect of Water on the Adsorption of Methane and Carbon Dioxide in Zeolite Na-ZSM-5 Studied Using in Situ ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy2016In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 120, no 51, p. 29144-29152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Methane is the main component in biogas and natural gas along with contaminants such as water and carbon dioxide. Separation of methane from these contaminants is therefore an important step in the upgrading process. Zeolite adsorbents and zeolite membranes have great potential to be cost-efficient candidates for upgrading biogas and natural gas, and in both of these applications, knowing the nature of the competitive adsorption is of great importance to further develop the properties of the zeolite materials. The binary adsorption of methane and carbon dioxide in zeolites has been studied to some extent, but the influence of water has been much less studied. In the present work, in situ ATR (attenuated total reflection)–FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) spectroscopy was used to study the adsorption of water/methane and water/carbon dioxide from binary mixtures in a high-silica Na-ZSM-5 zeolite film at various gas compositions and temperatures. Adsorbed concentrations for all species were determined from the recorded IR spectra, and the experimental values were compared to values predicted using the ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST). At lower temperatures (35, 50, and 85 °C), the IAST was able to predict the binary adsorption of water and methane, whereas the values predicted by the IAST deviated from the experimental data at the highest temperature (120 °C). For the binary adsorption of water and carbon dioxide, the IAST could not predict the adsorption values accurately. This discrepancy was assigned to the particular adsorption behavior of water in high-silica MFI forming clusters at hydrophilic sites. However, the predicted values did follow the same trend as the experimental values. The adsorption selectivity was determined, and it was found that the H2O/CH4 adsorption selectivity was decreasing with increasing water content in the gas phase at low temperatures whereas the selectivity was increasing at higher temperatures. The H2O/CO2 adsorption selectivity was increasing with increasing water content at all temperatures.

  • 18.
    Ye, Pengcheng
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Korelskiy, Danil
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Efficient Separation of N2 and He at Low Temperature Using MFI Membranes2016In: AIChE Journal, ISSN 0001-1541, E-ISSN 1547-5905, Vol. 62, no 8, p. 2833-2842Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultra-thin MFI membranes were evaluated for N2/He separation over the temperature range of 85–260 K for the first time. The membranes were rather nitrogen selective at all the conditions investigated. A highest N2/He selectivity of 75.7 with a high N2 flux of 83 kg/m2/h was observed at 124 K. The separation was attributed to adsorption selectivity to N2, effectively hindering the transport of He in the zeolite pores. The exceedingly high permeance even at low temperatures was ascribed to the ultrathin (<1μm) membrane used. As the pressure ratios increased, a better separation performance was obtained. A mathematical model showed the largest difference of adsorbed loading over the film at ca. 120 K was the main reason for the observed maximum selectivity. Further, the modelling indicated the selectivity would increase 2–3 times by reducing the influence of defects, concentration polarization, and pressure drop over the support.

  • 19.
    Faisal, Abrar
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zhou, Ming
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Erratum to: Recovery of butanol from model ABE fermentation broths Using MFI adsorbent: A comparison between traditional beads and a structured adsorbent in the form of a film2016In: Adsorption, ISSN 0929-5607, E-ISSN 1572-8757, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 409-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Karim, Zoheb
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Mathew, Aji P.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Kokol, Vanja
    University of Maribor, Institute for Engineering Materials and Design, Smetanova ul. 17, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia.
    Wei, Jiang
    Alfa Laval Nakskov A/S, Business Center Membranes, Stavangervej 10, DK-4900, Nakskov, Denmark.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    High-flux affinity membranes based on cellulose nanocomposites for removal of heavy metal ions from industrial effluents2016In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, no 25, p. 20644-20653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fully biobased affinity membrane processing and its application in the removal of heavy metal ions from mirror industry effluents were successfully demonstrated; indicating the potential use of these membranes in point-of-use or point-of-entry water cleaning products that are cheap, environmentally friendly and efficient. Layered cellulose nanocomposite membranes were fabricated using cellulose microfiber sludge as a support layer and cellulose nanocrystals (CNCSL, CNCBE or PCNCSL) in a gelatin matrix as the functional layer. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies revealed the bi-layered morphology of the membrane and well-individualized nanocelluloses in the functional layer. Bubble point measurements confirmed the membrane pore structure in the microfiltration range (5.0-6.1 μm), which provided very high water permeability (900-4000 L h-1 m-2) at <1.5 bars. A tensile strength of 16 MPa in dry conditions and a wet strength of 0.2 MPa, was considered sufficient for use of these membranes in spiral wound modules. Mirror industry effluent laden with metal ions (Ag+ and Cu2+/Fe3+/Fe2+) when treated with cellulose nanocomposite membranes, showed high ion removal capacity, being 100% for PCNCSL followed by CNCBE than CNCSL. The removal of metal ions was expected to be driven by interactions between negatively charged nanocellulose and the positively charged metal ions.

  • 21.
    Karim, Zoheb
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Claudpierre, Simon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Oksman, Kristiina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Mathew, Aji P.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Nanocellulose based functional membranes for water cleaning: Tailoring of mechanical properties, porosity and metal ion capture2016In: Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, E-ISSN 1873-3123, Vol. 514, p. 418-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-layered nanocellulose membranes were prepared using vacuum-filtration of cellulose nanofibers (CNF) suspensions followed by dip coating with cellulose nanocrystals having sulphate (CNCSL) or carboxyl surface groups (CNCBE). It was possible to tailor the specific surface area, pore structure, water flux and wet strength of the membranes based on drying conditions and acetone treatment. CNF coated with CNCBE showed the highest a tensile strength (95 MPa), which decreased in wet conditions (≈3.7 MPa) and with acetone (2.7 MPa) treatment. The water dried membranes showed pore sizes in nanofiltration range (74 Å) from liquid nitrogen adsorption/desorption data and the acetone treatment increased the average pore sizes to tight ultrafiltration range (194Å) with a concomitant increase (7000%) of the BET surface area. The water flux, also increased from zero to 25 Lm-2h-1 at a pressure differential of 0.45 MPa, for acetone treated ones. The membranes irrespective of the surface functionality showed exceptional capability (≈100%) to remove Ag+, Cu2+ and Fe3+ ions from mirror industry effluents. Surface adsorption followed by microprecipitation was considered as the possible mechanism of ion removal, which opens up a new generation of ultrafiltration membranes with high selectivity towards ions and low-pressure demands.

  • 22.
    Faisal, Abrar
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zhou, Ming
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Recovery of butanol from model ABE fermentation broths Using MFI adsorbent: A comparison between traditional beads and a structured adsorbent in the form of a film2016In: Adsorption, ISSN 0929-5607, E-ISSN 1572-8757, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 205-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Butanol, a promising biofuel, can be produced by ABE (acetone, butanol and ethanol) fermentation using e.g. Clostridium acetobutylicum. However, the butanol concentration in the resulting broth is limited to only ca. 20 g/L due to the toxicity for the microorganisms. This low product concentration demands an efficient recovery process for successful commercialization of this process. In this study, a structured adsorbent in the form of steel monolith coated with a silicalite-1 film was prepared using the in situ growth method. The adsorbent was carefully characterized by SEM and XRD. The performance of the adsorbent was evaluated by performing breakthrough experiments at room temperature using model ABE fermentation broths and the performance was compared with that of traditional adsorbents in the form of beads. The structured silicalite-1 adsorbent showed less saturation loading time as compared to commercial binder free silicalite-1 beads, reflecting the different dimensions of the columns used, set by experimental constraints. Studies of the desorption process showed that by operating at appropriate conditions, butanol with high concentration i.e. up to 95.2 wt% for butanol–water model system and 88.5 wt% for ABE fermentation broth can be obtained using the structured silicalite-1 adsorbent. Commercial silicalite-1 beads also showed good selectivity but the concentration of butanol in the desorbed product was limited to 70 % for the butanol–water model system and 69 % for ABE fermentation broth, probably as a result of entrained liquid between the beads.

  • 23.
    Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zhou, Ming
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Potapova, Elisaveta
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Adsorption of Water and Butanol in Silicalite-1 Film Studied with in-situ ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy2015In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 31, no 17, p. 4887-4894Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobutanol produced by, e.g., acetone–butanol–ethanol (ABE) fermentation is a promising alternative to petroleum-based chemicals as, e.g., solvent and fuel. Recovery of butanol from dilute fermentation broths by hydrophobic membranes and adsorbents has been identified as a promising route. In this work, the adsorption of water and butanol vapor in a silicalite-1 film was studied using in situ attenuated total reflectance–Fourier transform infrared (ATR–FTIR) spectroscopy to better understand the adsorption properties of silicalite-1 membranes and adsorbents. Single-component adsorption isotherms were determined in the temperature range of 35–120 °C, and the Langmuir model was successfully fitted to the experimental data. The adsorption of butanol is very favorable compared to that of water. When the silicalite-1 film was exposed to a butanol/water vapor mixture with 15 mol % butanol (which is the vapor composition of an aqueous solution containing 2 wt % butanol, a typical concentration in an ABE fermentation broth, i.e., the composition of the gas obtained from gas stripping of an ABE broth) at 35 °C, the adsorption selectivity toward butanol was as high as 107. These results confirm that silicalite-1 quite selectively adsorbs hydrocarbons from vapor mixtures. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive study on the adsorption of water and butanol in silicalite-1 from vapor phase.

  • 24.
    Karim, Zoheb
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Mathew, Aji P.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Oksman, Kristiina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Cellulose nanocrystals based nanocompositemembranes for water purification: Process-Property correlation2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Zhou, Han
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Mouzon, Johanne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Farzaneh, Amirfarrokh
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Colloidal Defect-Free Silicalite-1 Single Crystals: Preparation, Structure Characterization, Adsorption, and Separation Properties for Alcohol/Water Mixtures2015In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 31, no 30, p. 8488-8494Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, colloidal silicalite-1 single crystals are for the first time synthesized using fluoride as mineralizing agent at near neutral pH. SEM, TEM, DLS, XRD, solid-state 29Si MAS NMR, and adsorption/desorption experiments using nitrogen, water, n-butanol, and ethanol as adsorbates were used to characterize the crystals. The single crystals have a platelike habit with a length of less than 170 nm and an aspect ratio (length/width) of about 1.2, and the thickness of the crystals is less than 40 nm. Compared with silicalite-1 crystals grown using hydroxide as mineralizing agent, the amount of structural defects in the lattice is significantly reduced and the hydrophobicity is increased. Membrane separation and adsorption results show that the synthesized defect-free crystals present high selectivity to alcohols from alcohol/water mixtures. The n-butanol/water adsorption selectivities were ca. 165 and 14 for the defect-free crystals and a reference sample containing defects, respectively, illustrating the improvement in n-butanol/water selectivity by eliminating the polar silanol defects.

  • 26.
    Ye, Pengcheng
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Korelskiy, Danil
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Cryogenic air separation at low pressure using MFI membranes2015In: Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, E-ISSN 1873-3123, Vol. 487, p. 135-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultra-thin MFI membranes were for the first time evaluated for air separation at low feed pressures ranging from 100 to 1000 mbar at cryogenic temperature. The membrane separation performance at optimum temperature at all investigated feed pressures was well above the Robeson upper bound for polymeric membranes at near room temperature. The O2/N2 separation factor at optimum temperature increased as the feed pressure was decreased and reached 5.0 at 100 mbar feed pressure and a membrane temperature of 67 K. The corresponding membrane selectivity was 6.3, and the O2 permeance was as high as 8.6×10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1. This permeance was about 100 times higher than that reported for promising polymeric membranes. The membrane selectivity and high O2 permeance was most likely a result of O2/N2 adsorption selectivity. The increase in O2/N2 separation factor with decreasing pressure and temperature was probably due to increased adsorption selectivity at reduced temperature. This work has demonstrated the potential of MFI zeolite membranes for O2/N2 separations at cryogenic temperature.

  • 27.
    Ekman, Jonas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Embedded Internet Systems Lab.
    Antti, Marta-Lena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Martin-Torres, Javier
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Emami, Reza
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Törlind, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Kuhn, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Nilsson, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Gustafsson, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Zorzano Mier, María-Paz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Milz, Mathias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Behar, Etienne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering.
    Wolf, Veronika
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Dordlofva, Christo
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Mendaza de Cal, Maria Teresa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Jamali, Maryam
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Roos, Tobias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Ottemark, Rikard
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Nieto, Chris
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Soria Salinas, Álvaro Tomás
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Vázquez Martín, Sandra
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Nyberg, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Neikter, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Lindwall, Angelica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Fakhardji, Wissam
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Projekt: Rymdforskarskolan2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The Graduate School of Space Technology

  • 28.
    Yu, Liang
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Korelskiy, Danil
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Very High Flux MFI Membranes for Alcohol Recovery via Pervaporation at High Temperature and Pressure2015In: Separation and Purification Technology, ISSN 1383-5866, E-ISSN 1873-3794, Vol. 153, p. 138-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultra-thin MFI membranes (0.5 μm) were evaluated for recovery of alcohols from dilute aqueous mixtures by pervaporation at high temperature and pressure for the first time. The feed pressure was sufficiently high to keep the feed in liquid state at high temperature, while the permeate pressure was kept at atmospheric and a low flow of sweep gas was used to reduce the partial pressure on the permeate side. Atmospheric pressure on the permeate side is more practical than vacuum. High feed temperature and pressure result in high fugacity in the liquid feed, which, in combination with lower permeate pressure, results in a large driving force. Consequently, the membrane exhibited very high fluxes for feeds comprised of 10 wt% ethanol/water and 5 wt% n-butanol/water mixtures at 110 °C and 140 °C, respectively. The flux observed for 10 wt% ethanol/water mixtures was as high as about 52 kg m-2 h-1, i.e., 6 times higher than the highest previously reported flux for this separation using zeolite membranes in pervaporation. For 5 wt% n-butanol/water mixtures, the flux was 40 kg m-2 h-1, which is 11 times higher than the highest previously reported flux for this separation by zeolite membranes. At these conditions, the membrane displayed separation factors for ethanol/water and n-butanol/water mixtures of 5 and 16, respectively. However, after about 6 hours of operation, the separation factor decreased significantly and the flux increased due to formation of defects in the membrane when the feed was saturated with silica. Lower membrane stability was observed for silica free feeds. The work has shown that it is possible to obtain high flux in pervporation by using ultra-thin membranes in combination with high feed temperature. The observed membrane selectivity was not excellent, due to pressure drop over the support as well as likely concentration polarization on the feed side resulting from the high flux. Membrane stability was also an issue at these conditions, however it was shown that stability could be improved by saturating the feed with silica.

  • 29.
    Zhou, Ming
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Korelskiy, Danil
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Ye, Pengcheng
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    A Uniformly Oriented MFI Membrane for Improved CO2 Separation2014In: Angewandte Chemie, ISSN 0044-8249, Vol. 126, no 13, p. 3560-3563Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Membrane separation of CO2 from natural gas, biogas, synthesis gas, and flu gas is a simple and energy-efficient alternative to other separation techniques. But results for CO2-selective permeance have always been achieved by randomly oriented and thick zeolite membranes. Thin, oriented membranes have great potential to realize high-flux and high-selectivity separation of mixtures at low energy cost. We now report a facile method for preparing silica MFI membranes in fluoride media on a graded alumina support. In the resulting membrane straight channels are uniformly vertically aligned and the membrane has a thickness of 0.5 μm. The membrane showed a separation selectivity of 109 for CO2/H2 mixtures and a CO2 permeance of 51×10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1 at −35 °C, making it promising for practical CO2 separation from mixtures

  • 30.
    Zhou, Ming
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Korelskiy, Danil
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Ye, Pengcheng
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    A Uniformly Oriented MFI Membrane for Improved CO2 Separation2014In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 53, no 13, p. 3492-3495Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Membrane separation of CO2 from natural gas, biogas, synthesis gas, and flu gas is a simple and energy-efficient alternative to other separation techniques. But results for CO2-selective permeance have always been achieved by randomly oriented and thick zeolite membranes. Thin, oriented membranes have great potential to realize high-flux and high-selectivity separation of mixtures at low energy cost. We now report a facile method for preparing silica MFI membranes in fluoride media on a graded alumina support. In the resulting membrane straight channels are uniformly vertically aligned and the membrane has a thickness of 0.5m. The membrane showed a separation selectivity of 109 for CO2/H-2 mixtures and a CO2 permeance of 51x10(-7)molm(-2)s(-1)Pa(-1) at -35 degrees C, making it promising for practical CO2 separation from mixtures

  • 31.
    Shi, Yijun
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Björling, Marcus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Larsson, Roland
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Boundary and elastohydrodynamic lubrication studies of glycerol aqueous solutions as green lubricants2014In: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 69, p. 39-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the boundary and elastohydrodynamic lubricating behaviour of glycerol and its aqueous solutions are discussed in both rolling and sliding contacts with a view on assessing the use of glycerol as a green lubricant. To understand the lubricating mechanism, the film thickness of glycerol and its aqueous solutions were studied at different velocities. The results show that the viscosity of glycerol can be controlled for a wide range by adding different amounts of water. The lubricating behaviour of glycerol in all lubricating regimes can be improved by adding water. The results suggest that glycerol aqueous solutions have great potential to replace rapeseed oils as environmentally friendly base oils in several applications.

  • 32.
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Detailed Investigation of the Binary Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide and Methane in Zeolite Na-ZSM-5 Studied Using in Situ ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy2014In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 118, no 12, p. 6207-6213Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The separation of carbon dioxide from methane is an important process when purifying biogas and natural gas. Zeolite membranes and adsorbents are among the technologies suggested for efficient separation of carbon dioxide from these gases. In the present work, the adsorption of carbon dioxide and methane from binary mixtures in a low alumina Na-ZSM-5 zeolite film at various gas compositions and temperatures was studied using in situ ATR-FTIR (attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared) spectroscopy. Adsorbed concentrations were successfully extracted from infrared spectra. The experimental values of the adsorbed phase mole fraction of carbon dioxide and methane were compared to values predicted using the ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST). The values predicted with the IAST agreed very well with values determined experimentally. The CO2/CH4 adsorption selectivity was determined, and at 35 °C a selectivity of 15.4 was obtained for an equimolar gas mixture. At the highest (0.9) and lowest (0.03) investigated mole fractions of carbon dioxide in the gas phase, the selectivity was higher compared to the other investigated mole fractions. At 35 °C the highest observed selectivity values were 31.1 and 20.4 for the highest and the lowest adsorbed mole fraction, respectively. At compositions closest to those found in biogas and natural gas, there was a decrease in the selectivity at higher temperatures, indicating that separation of carbon dioxide from methane in biogas and natural gas may be more efficient at low temperatures

  • 33.
    Karim, Zoheb
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Mathew, Aji P.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Oksman, Kristiina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Fully biobased nanocomposite membranes: removal of heavy metals from polluted water2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobased nanoparticles viz cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and cellulose nanofiber (CNFs) isolated by mechanical process (grinding) were used to fabricate of fully biobased nanocomposite membranes. Biobased nanofibers were used as support layer via a very simple process of vacuum filtration was used for the fabrication of CNF support layer. In order to coat CNCs or CNCbio on the two sides to CNF layer, the membrane was dipped in a solution of cellulose nanocrystals. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed the infusion of functional layer within supportive layer. Tensile strength was measured in dry as well as in wet conditions, illustrated mechanical performances compareble to commercially available membranes. To increase the flux, membranes were treated with acetone for 24 and 72 h. The drastic increase in the flux for acetone treated membranes confirmed the discontinuities of hydrogen . The membranes succefully removed two metal ions Ag+ and As3- from real wastewater, from mirror making and mining industries respectively, within Europe. Complete removal of Ag+ was reported after 24 h of incubation. The study concludes that, the developed membranes having good mechanical stability in wet conditions, high water flux and adsorption efficiency are potential candidates for heavy metal ion remediation of industrial effluents.

  • 34.
    Potapova, Elisaveta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Jolsterå, Rickard
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    In-situ spectroscopic study of surfactants adsorption onto hematite from binary mixtures and the effect of inorganic ions2014In: Surface and Interface Analysis, ISSN 0142-2421, E-ISSN 1096-9918, Vol. 46, no 10-11, p. 1110-1114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy has proven to be a powerful tool for surfactant adsorption studies. In many practical applications, surfactant mixtures and waters with different chemistry are employed, which significantly complicates adsorption studies. In this work, we investigate the effect of calcium and carbonate ions, frequently found in natural waters, on the co-adsorption of sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS) and a non-ionic primary alcohol ethoxylate (NEODOL 25–7) onto hematite at pH 8 and 10.5 using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Adsorption of SDBS was affected by pH and the presence of inorganic ions to a greater extent than the adsorption of NEODOL 25–7. A larger amount of SDBS was adsorbed at pH 8 than at pH 10.5 in all the experiments. The effect of co-adsorbing ions on the amount of SDBS adsorbed was significant only at pH 10.5 and not at pH 8. Calcium ions promoted adsorption of SBDS onto hematite, whereas addition of carbonate decreased the amount of SDBS adsorbed. In the presence of both calcium and carbonate ions, calcium carbonate precipitate was formed on the hematite surface, promoting accumulation of NEODOL 25–7 at the surface. NEODOL 25–7 was found to have a strong effect on the hydrophilicity of the hematite film when adsorbed in combination with SDBS. A more hydrophilic surface was obtained upon adsorption of the surfactants in the presence of sodium chloride, film dispersion occurred in the presence of calcium chloride, and a less hydrophilic surface was obtained in the presence of both calcium chloride and sodium carbonate

  • 35.
    Grahn, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Maxwell-Stefan modelling of High flux tubular silicalite-1 membranes for CO2 removal from CO2/H2 gas mixtures2014In: Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, E-ISSN 1873-3123, Vol. 471, p. 328-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, a Maxwell-Stefan model for high flux tubular silicalite-1 membranes for separation of CO2 from a CO2/H2 mixture was developed. The model concerns tubular membranes operating in a counter flow module and includes transport through flow-through defects in the silicalite-1 film and pressure drop over the graded alumina support. Adsorption and diffusion parameters for perfect silicalite-1 crystals were taken from literature. The flux and selectivity predicted by the model were in reasonably good agreement with experimentally observed data for a ZSM-5 membrane without any fitting of the model. However, the CO2 flux and selectivity measured experimentally for the ZSM-5 membrane were higher than that predicted by the model for a silicalite-1 membrane.The model was used to investigate a case with a 20 000 Nm3/d feed comprised of a 50/50 mixture of CO2/H2 at pressure of 25 bar and a membrane temperature of 296 K. The permeate pressure was 1 bar and 90% of the CO2 permeated the membrane. In this case, the membrane permselectivity and CO2 flux varied along the length of the tubes between 20–26 and 950–396 kg/(m2 h), respectively. Further, both defects and pressure drop over the support were shown to have an adverse effect on the selectivity, which indicates that membrane selectivity can be improved by reducing the flow-through defects and/or by preparing supports with less flow resistance. For a one-stage process, the required membrane area is as small as ca 0.85 m2 and the hydrogen loss through the membrane was 12.4%. For a two-stage process the required membrane area almost doubled to 1.6 m2, however the hydrogen loss through the second membrane is reduced to as little as 2.5%. In summary, this work shows that high flux zeolite membranes may be an interesting option for CO2 removal from synthesis gas.

  • 36.
    Faisal, Abrar
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zarebska, Agata
    Saremi, Pardis
    Korelskiy, Danil
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    MFI zeolite as adsorbent for selective recovery of hydrocarbons from ABE fermentation broths2014In: Adsorption, ISSN 0929-5607, E-ISSN 1572-8757, Vol. 20, no 2-3, p. 465-470Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1-Butanol and butyric acid are two interesting compounds that may be produced by acetone, butanol, and ethanol fermentation using e.g. Clostridium acetobutylicum. The main drawback, restricting the commercialization potential of this process, is the toxicity of butanol for the cell culture resulting in low concentrations of this compound in the broth. To make this process economically viable, an efficient recovery process has to be developed. In this work, a hydrophobic MFI type zeolite with high silica to alumina ratio was evaluated as adsorbent for the recovery of butanol and butyric acid from model solutions. Dual component adsorption experiments revealed that both butanol and butyric acid showed a high affinity for the hydrophobic MFI zeolite when adsorbed from aqueous model solutions. Multicomponent adsorption experiments using model solutions, mimicking real fermentation broths, revealed that the adsorbent was very selective to the target compounds. Further, the adsorption of butyric and acetic acid was found to be pH dependent with high adsorption below, and low adsorption above, the respective pKa values of the acids. Thermal desorption of butanol from MFI type zeolite was also studied and a suitable desorption temperature was identified.

  • 37.
    Karim, Zoheb
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Mathew, Aji P.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Mouzon, Johanne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Oksman, Kristiina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Nanoporous membranes with cellulose nanocrystals as functional entity in chitosan: removal of dyes from water2014In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 112, p. 668-676Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fully biobased composite membranes for water purification were fabricated with cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as functional entities in chitosan matrix via freeze-drying process followed by compacting. The chitosan (10 wt%) bound the CNCs in a stable and nanoporous membrane structure with thickness of 250-270 μm, which was further stabilized by cross-linking with gluteraldehyde vapors. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies revealed well-individualized CNCs embedded in a matrix of chitosan. Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) measurements showed that the membranes were nanoporous with pores in the range of 13-10 nm. In spite of the low water flux (64 L m-2 h-1), the membranes successfully removed 98%, 84% and 70% respectively of positively charged dyes like Victoria Blue 2B, Methyl Violet 2B and Rhodamine 6G, after a contact time of 24 h. The removal of dyes was expected to be driven by the electrostatic attraction between negatively charged CNCs and the positively charged dyes.

  • 38.
    Carabante, Ivan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Mouzon, Johanne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Kumpiene, Jurate
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Andreas
    Mining Technology R and D, LKAB Kiruna Mine.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Reutilization of porous sintered hematite bodies as effective adsorbents for arsenic(V) removal from water2014In: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 53, no 32, p. 12689-12696Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method was developed to enhance the arsenic adsorption capacity of porous bodies of sintered hematite. The method comprised the formation of a coating of 1 wt % iron oxide nanoparticles on the raw material. The nanoparticles showed two distinct habits: spherical habit, likely ferrihydrite, and acicular habit, likely goethite and/or akaganéite. The specific surface area of the hematite raw material increased from 0.5 to 3.75 m2/g, and the adsorption capacity increased from negligible to 0.65 mg of [As]/g as calculated from equilibrium and breakthrough adsorption data. Equilibrium adsorption data of arsenate on the adsorbent from a solution at pH 5 followed the Langmuir model, while breakthrough adsorption data for a 500 μg/L arsenate solution at pH 5 followed the Thomas model. The adsorbed arsenic could be desorbed using distilled water at pH 12. These results show the potential for the reutilization of waste products comprising coarse hematite bodies as adsorbents.

  • 39.
    Potapova, Elisaveta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Jolsterå, Rickard
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    The effect of inorganic ions on dodecylbenzenesulfonate adsorption onto hematite: an ATR-FTIR study2014In: Journal of Surfactants and Detergents (JSD), ISSN 1097-3958, E-ISSN 1558-9293, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 1027-1034Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Linear alkylbenzenesulfonates (LAS) are an important group of anionic surfactants within the detergent industry and have also been suggested for use in mineral flotation and enhanced oil recovery. Because of its great industrial importance, there are a number of publications on the adsorption of LAS on metal oxides; however, the effect of co-adsorbing inorganic species on LAS adsorption has rarely been addressed. In this study we investigated the effect of calcium and carbonate ions on the adsorption of sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (DBS) onto hematite at pH 8 and 10.5 using in-situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. DBS adsorption on hematite was found to increase as pH was decreased from 10.5 to 8. Calcium ions promoted accumulation of DBS on hematite, with a larger amount of DBS on the surface at pH 10.5. Carbonate ions did not have any major effect on DBS adsorption on hematite. In the presence of both calcium and carbonate, the amount of DBS on the hematite surface was higher than without the two co-adsorbing ions but lower than with calcium ions alone. Likely, precipitation of calcite reduced the total concentration of calcium ions available for the interaction with DBS on the hematite surface. The results presented in this work clearly indicate the importance of water chemistry for DBS adsorption and allow predicting adsorption behavior of DBS on iron oxides from natural and process waters of different chemistry, which is important for the industrial applications of DBS and the fate of DBS in the environment.

  • 40.
    Zhou, Ming
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Zhou, Han
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    The facile assembly of nanocrystals by optimizing humidity2014In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 50, no 91, p. 14261-14264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ambient humidity and the nature of substrates are considered coordinately in the assembly of nano-sized crystals. The nanocrystal monolayers show large-area uniformity without any aggregates. Zeolite and hematite monolayers with thicknesses of 20–100 nm and excellent orientations are produced.

  • 41.
    Ohlin, Lindsay
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Bazin, Philippe
    Thibault-Starzyk, Frederic
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Adsorption of CO2, CH4, and H2O in zeolite ZSM-5 studied using in situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy2013In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 117, no 33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biogas and natural gas are interesting fuels with high H/C ratio. However, these gases frequently contain carbon dioxide and water which lowers the heat value of the gas and may induce corrosion. Therefore, the development of more efficient processes, such as membrane processes and improved adsorbents, for the separation of carbon dioxide and water from biogas and natural gas is of great importance. Zeolite ZSM-5 membranes are promising for this separation which is controlled by the adsorption and diffusion of the different species in the zeolite. Multicomponent adsorption data are therefore required for development of new membrane and adsorption processes. In the present work, the adsorption of water, carbon dioxide, and methane in a Na-ZSM-5 zeolite film at various temperatures was studied by in situ Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy for the first time. Adsorption isotherms were retrieved from the experimental data and the Langmuir model fitted the isotherms very well. Limiting heat of adsorption was determined from the Henrýs law regime and the values determined agreed well with previously reported data. A few experiments were conducted with multicomponent mixtures and the experimentally determined amounts adsorbed were compared with values predicted by the Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory (IAST). It was found that for the binary mixture of carbon dioxide and methane there was good agreement between the experimental values and those predicted by the IAST. However, when water was also introduced, the IAST could not fully capture the adsorption behavior of the multicomponent mixture, probably because the adsorbed phase is not ideal. These findings are in line with previous reports for adsorption in zeolites. The multicomponent adsorption behavior of this system will be further investigated in forthcoming work.

  • 42.
    Karim, Zoheb
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Oksman, Kristiina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Mathew, Aji P.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Chitosan based nanocomposite membranes with cellulose nanowhisker as nanoadditive2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobased nanocomposite membranes were prepared using chitosan as te matrix and cellulose nano whisker as the reinforcing phase. Cellulosee production. Atomic force microscopy of the nanowhiskers showed diameters of 10 -20nm and lengths of 250 - 350nm. Nanocomposites were prepared in 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3 ratios to investigate the effect of nanoadditive concentration on the membrane properties. The nanocomposites were prepared by solution mixing followed by freeze-drying, to obtain porous structures with high degree of internal surface area. These nanocomposites were further treated with ammonia vapours to prepare the crosslinked nanocomposites and thereby stabilize it towards moisture and pH variations. The morphology, surface area, crystallinity, porosity, and mechanical properties of prepared membranes were studied. The effect of the nanocomposite composition, crosslinking and the pore size distribution on the water transport through the membranes was also evaluated.

  • 43.
    Korelskiy, Danil
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Leppäjärvi, Tiina
    Department of Process and Environmental Engineering, University of Oulu.
    Zhou, Han
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Tanskanen, Juha
    Department of Process and Environmental Engineering, University of Oulu.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    High flux MFI membranes for pervaporation2013In: Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, E-ISSN 1873-3123, Vol. 427, p. 381-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MFI membranes with a thickness of 0.5 μm prepared on a graded α-alumina support were evaluated for separation of feed mixtures of 3 wt.% n-butanol/water and 10 wt.% ethanol/water by pervaporation. The membranes were selective to n-butanol and ethanol. The flux observed in the present work was about 100 times higher than that previously reported for n-butanol/water separation by pervaporation and about 5 times higher than that for ethanol/water separation by pervaporation. At 60 °C, the observed n-butanol/water flux was about 4 kg m−2 h−1 and the n-butanol/water separation factor was about 10 for the best membrane. At the same temperature, the membrane displayed an ethanol/water flux of ca. 9 kg m−2 h−1 and an ethanol/water separation factor of ca. 5. A mathematical model indicated significant mass transfer resistance in the support, which reduced the flux and the selectivity of the membranes.

  • 44.
    Wang, Zhou
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Prakash, Braham
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Temperature-dependent changes of physicochemical and tribological properties of acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber elastomer upon ageing in hexadecane and diethylene glycol dibutyl ether2013In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part J, journal of engineering tribology, ISSN 1350-6501, E-ISSN 2041-305X, Vol. 227, no 8, p. 826-836Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber elastomers are widely used in seal and tire industries. Physiochemical, surface and tribological properties of acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber exposed to a lubricant in a sealed mechanical contact may gradually change, in particular, at elevated temperatures. In this study, industrial-grade acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber elastomers were aged in two model non-additivated base oils, namely non-polar hexadecane and polar diethylene glycol dibutyl ether at both ambient (298 K) and elevated (398 K) temperatures from 1 to 168 h. Mass changes of acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber before and after ageing indicated that acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber had distinct ageing dynamics in different model base oils and at different temperatures. For acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber aged in nonpolar hexadecane, the rate of weight loss of the rubber was larger at 398 K compared to that at 298 K. On the contrary, distinct weight-gaining (swelling) dynamics were observed for acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber aged in polar diethylene glycol dibutyl ether at 298 and 398 K. Based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, liquid and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy analyses, it was found that aldehydes and sulfur- and zinc-containing compounds were leached out from acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber aged in both hexadecane and diethylene glycol dibutyl ether. The results of tribological studies showed that the non-aged acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber has a good wear-resistance. Acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber samples had a very similar surface topography before and after tribo-tests. However, the worn surfaces of acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber samples were characterized by fine scoring (abrasion) marks after ageing in both model base oils. This has been attributed to changes in the steel–rubber contact environment during the sliding process and degradation of mechanical properties of acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber after ageing. For one acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber sample (after ageing in hexadecane at 398 K), very stable friction in the steel–rubber contact was observed.

  • 45.
    Korelskiy, Danil
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Mouzon, Johanne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Characterization of flow-through micropores in MFI membranes by permporometry2012In: Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, E-ISSN 1873-3123, Vol. 417-418, p. 183-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Permporometry was used for the first time to characterize flow-through micropore defects down to 0.7 nm in size in MFI zeolite membranes. Helium was used as the non-adsorbing gas and n-hexane or benzene was used as the adsorbate. The helium flow through zeolite pores was estimated using percolation theory and the remaining flow was assigned to flow-through defects. The area distribution of flow-through defects was estimated from the data using a simple model and similar results were obtained using both adsorbates. The total area of defects determined using n-hexane as the adsorbate was as low as about 0.7% of the membrane area and defects with a width below 1 nm constituted 97% of the total defect area for the best membrane. The permporometry results were supported by n-hexane/1,3,5-trimethylbenzene separation experiments. The permporometry data were also consistent with HR-SEM observations indicating the presence of narrow open grain boundaries, and absence of large cracks and pinholes

  • 46.
    Filippov, Andrei
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Dvinskikh, Sergey V.
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Khakimov, Aidar
    Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Zhou, Han
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Furo, Istvan
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Dynamic properties of water in silicalite-1 powder2012In: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, ISSN 0730-725X, E-ISSN 1873-5894, Vol. 30, no 7, p. 1022-1031Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-diffusion of D 2O in partially filled silicalite-1 crystals was studied at 25°C by 2H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) with bipolar field gradient pulses and longitudinal Eddy-current-delay. For the first time, reliable experimental diffusion data for this system were obtained. Analysis of NMR diffusion decays revealed the presence of a continuous distribution of apparent self-diffusion coefficients (SDCs) of water, ranging from 10 -7 to ~10 -10 m 2/s, which include values much higher and lower than that of bulk water (~10 -9 m 2/s) in liquid phase. The observed distribution of SDC changes with variation of the diffusion time in the range of 10-200 ms. A two-site Kärger exchange model was successfully fitted to the data. Finally, the water distribution and exchange in silicalite-1 pores were described by taking into account (a) a gas-like phase in the zeolite pores, a gas-like phase in mesopores and an intercrystalline gas-like phase and (b) intercrystalline liquid droplets with intermediate exchange rate with the other phases. The other phases experience fast exchange on the NMR diffusion time scale. Diffusion coefficients and mean residence times of water in some of these states were estimated

  • 47.
    Carabante, Ivan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Kumpiene, Jurate
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Influence of Zn(II) on the adsorption of arsenate onto ferrihydrite2012In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 46, no 24, p. 13152-13159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Addition of iron oxide to arsenic-contaminated soil has been proposed as a means of reducing the mobility of arsenic in the soil. Arsenic and zinc are common coexisting contaminants in soils. The presence of zinc therefore may affect the adsorption properties of arsenic on iron oxide, and may thus affect its mobility in the soil. The influence of Zn(II) on the adsorption of arsenate ions on iron oxide was studied. Batch adsorption experiments indicated that Zn(II) increased the arsenate removal from a solution by ferrihydrite at pH 8. However, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy showed that no adsorption of arsenate on a ferrihydrite film occurred at pD 8 in the presence of Zn(II). Precipitation of zinc hydroxide carbonate followed by arsenate adorption onto the precipitate was found to be a plausible mechanism explaining the arsenate removal from a solution in the presence of Zn(II) at pH/pD 8. The previously suggested mechanisms attributing the enhanced removal of arsenate from solution in the presence of Zn(II) to additional adsorption on iron oxides could not be verified under the experimental conditions studied. It was also shown that at pH/pD 4, the presence of Zn(II) in the system did not significantly affect the adsorption of arsenate on ferrihydrite.

  • 48.
    Potapova, Elisaveta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Yang, Xiaofang
    Westerstrand, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Holmgren, Allan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Interfacial properties of natural magnetite particles compared with their synthetic analogue2012In: Minerals Engineering, ISSN 0892-6875, E-ISSN 1872-9444, Vol. 36-38, no S1, p. 187-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding of the interactions between iron oxides and flotation reagents is important both for flotation and agglomeration of iron ore. Model systems comprising synthetic iron oxides and pure chemical reagents are commonly applied in experimental work in order to obtain high quality data and to ease the interpretation of the empirical data. Whether the results obtained using model systems are valid for iron ore minerals and commercial reagents is a question seldom addressed in the literature. It is shown in this work that previously reported results obtained from a model system, concerning adsorption of a carboxylate surfactant and sodium metasilicate onto synthetic magnetite nanoparticles, as obtained by in situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and contact angle measurements, are applicable to adsorption of flotation reagents on magnetite concentrate. Additionally, the problem of restoring magnetite wetting after flotation is addressed since good wetting of a magnetite concentrate is required to produce iron ore pellets by wet agglomeration. The results from the present work indicate that the wettability of both synthetic magnetite coated with surfactant and magnetite concentrate after flotation can be improved by adsorbing a hydrophilizing agent such as silicate or polyacrylate.

  • 49.
    Hedlund, Jonas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Korelskiy, Danil
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Rayson, Mark
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Mathematical Science.
    Öberg, Sven
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Mathematical Science.
    Briddon, Patrick R.
    School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
    Mass transport in porous media from first principles: an experimental and theoretical study2012In: Journal of Membrane Science, ISSN 0376-7388, E-ISSN 1873-3123, Vol. 415-416, p. 271-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present work, the mass transport of helium through zeolite is experimentally determined by measuring the flow of helium through a zeolite membrane. By using a mathematical model, the mass transport through defects was accounted for to arrive at mass transport through zeolite pores. For the first time, we could thereby experimentally show that the mass transport of helium in zeolite pores is strongly controlled by the amount and location of hydrocarbons in the zeolite pores and varies several orders of magnitude. The mass transport of helium in ZSM-5 zeolite pores is first reduced gradually more than one order of magnitude when the loading of n-hexane is increased from 0 to 47% of saturation. As the loading of n-hexane is further increased to 54% of saturation, the mass transport of helium in the zeolite pores is further reduced abruptly by more than two orders of magnitude. This gradual decrease followed by an abrupt decrease of mass transport is caused by adsorption of n-hexane in the zeolite pores. In a similar yet different fashion, the mass transport of helium in the zeolite pores is reduced abruptly by almost two orders of magnitude when the loading of benzene is increased from 0 to 19% of saturation due to adsorption of benzene in the pore intersections. Effective medium approximation percolation models with parameters estimated using density functional theory employing the local density approximation, i.e. models with no adjustable parameters and the most sophisticated theory yet applied to this system, can adequately describe the experimental observations.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Joel
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Larsson, Roland
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Almqvist, Andreas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Grahn, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Minami, Ichiro
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
    Semi-deterministic chemo-mechanical model of boundary lubrication2012In: Faraday discussions (Online), ISSN 1359-6640, E-ISSN 1364-5498, Vol. 156, p. 343-360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A model for tribofilm growth is developed. The model is used in combination with numerical contact mechanics tools to enable evaluation of the combined effects of chemistry and contact mechanics. The model is tuned with experimental data and is thereafter applied to rough surfaces. The growth of the tribofilm is evaluated for 3 different contact cases and short-term tribofilm growth behaviour is analyzed. The results show how tribofilms grow in patches. The model is expected to be used as a tool for analysis of the interaction between rough surfaces.

12 1 - 50 of 80
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf