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  • 1.
    Kamalaldin, Anmar
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences. Luleå University of Technology.
    Sundén, Lina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Sjödin, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences. University of Vaasa.
    A RELATIONAL VIEW ON DIGITAL SERVITIZATION: EMPIRICAL INSIGHTS FROM PROVIDER-CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIPS2019In: Proceedings of the Spring Servitization Conference:  Delivering Services Growth in the Digital Era / [ed] Bigdeli, A.,Kowalkowski, C., Kindström, D., & Baines, T., Birmingham, UK, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Providers are increasingly leveraging digitalization and offering their industrial customers more advanced services which are enabled by digital technologies such as the internet of things, remote monitoring, big data analytics, and artificial intelligence. This trend is referred to as digital servitization, and it is enabling significant changes in how value is created and captured in industrial relationships. In order to fully benefit from digital servitization, providers and customers need to transform their relationships. However, there is limited knowledge on how a provider and a customer govern their dyad relationship in the context of digital servitization. To address this gap, this paper applies the relational view theory as a lens for the purpose of studying how dyad relationships in digital servitization can be successfully governed by parties involved. To that end, research was conducted based on multiple case study of four dyad relationships between Swedish providers and customers that are actively involved in digital servitization. In total, 40 respondents from seven companies were interviewed, and data was analyzed based on thematic analysis approach to identify relevant themes and patterns. Although data collection followed an inductive approach, data aligned with the four determinants of interogranizational competitive advantage suggested by the relational view: complementary resources and capabilities, relation-specific assets, knowledge-sharing routines, and effective governance. The results of this study demonstrate that these determinants have great influence for governing relationships between the provider and customer in digital servitization. This paper provides theoretical contribution to servitization literature by highlighting the importance of relationship governance, and how this is gradually transformed as the relationship develops. This transformation is illustrated in a stepwise framework that can also guide managers in prioritizing activities and investments, and developing governance mechanisms to advance their business relationships in digital servitization context.

  • 2.
    Cedergren, S.I.
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Elfving, S.W.
    Ericsson Global Services Research.
    Eriksson, J.
    Mälardalen University.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    A road map for future research on industrial product-service systems (IPS2): a systematic review2012In: The Philosopher's Stone for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Tokyo, Japan, November 8th-9th, 2012, Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2012, p. 185-190Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an ongoing trend to expand traditional offerings of selling goods towards providing value through services to customers. In academia the term Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2) describes this phenomenon. Although many articles have been published on IPS2 a systematic review is lacking. This paper presents a systematic review of the IPS2 domain. Five themes characterizing IPS2 are revealed: delivery, processes, value creation networks, knowledge management, and business models. IPS2 is concluded to be both a young and distributed field of research, with a scope that needs to expand in terms of the themes covered and number of empirical studies

  • 3.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnaeus University.
    Cedergren, Stefan
    Mälardalen University.
    A Study of How ICT Capabilities Can Influence Dynamic Capabilities2016In: Journal of Enterprise Information Management, ISSN 1741-0398, E-ISSN 1758-7409, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 179-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Prior studies have argued that small firms with dynamic capabilities can revise and reconfigure their internal resources to meet the uncertainties of their business environment. However, there is a lack of understanding of how they can develop such critical capabilities. In this study, we propose that small firms can employ information and communication technology (ICT) capabilities as a facilitator for developing dynamic capabilities. Thus, the study builds on resource-based view (RBV) literature and and information systems (IS) literature by examining the influence of ICT capabilities on the dynamic capabilities of small firms.Design/methodology/approach - Several hypotheses were tested by analyzing the survey data from 291 small high-technology firms in Sweden.Findings - The results reveal that ICT capabilities influence dynamic capabilities of small firms. More specifically, the ICT use for internal efficiency positively influences adoptive capabilities, collaborative use of ICT positively influences networking capabilities, and ICT use for communications positively influences both adaptive and innovation capabilities. Consequently, the results suggest that the different components of ICT capabilities facilitate the development of the different organizational capabilities that together represent dynamic capabilities and thus, can contribute to a small firm’s competitive advantage.Practical implications - This study has few implications for the managers and CEO’s of small high-technology firms. Firstly, by prioritizing ICT capabilities, small firms can benefit from the development of dynamic capabilities that will support them to meet the challenges of turbulent business environment. Secondly, because small firms usually lack internal resources (i.e., financial resources and competence), the study provides more specific direction on how they can strategically invest and build different components of ICT that will positively influence their adaptive, absorptive, innovative and network capabilities.Originality/value – The study provides an alternative view of how ICT capabilities influence the performance of small firms, and outlines how such capabilities influence the development of dynamic capabilities. Therefore, the study in hand contributes to the RBV and IS literature by specifically linking the components of ICT capabilities to dynamic capabilities and its related sub-capabilities.

  • 4.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Kohtamäki, Marko
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    A Survey Study of the Transitioning towards High-Value Industrial Product-Services2014In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 16, p. 176-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Servitization literature suggests that traditional manufacturing companies are increasingly offering industrial services in order to increase their position in the global competition. However, little is known about extent and profit potential of different types of such offers in current industry. This paper offers an overview of such offers and concludes that maintenance based business models are most closely linked to increased revenue generation while add-on services have a negative effect. Future trends, suggest that business models such as R&D services and functional services will be increasingly important in the future.

  • 5.
    George, Nerine Mary
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Lahti, Tom
    Department of Entrepreneurship, Management and Organization, Hanken School of Economics, Vasa.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    A Systematic Literature Review of Entrepreneurial Opportunity Recognition: Insights on Influencing Factors2016In: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 309-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last three decades, research studies investigating how individuals recognize entrepreneurial opportunities have advanced rapidly and have become a key topic in the modern entrepreneurship literature. To advance this important concern further, we present a systematic literature review of the entrepreneurial opportunity research field and its status. Contrary to conventional wisdom, this research suggests that the field is fragmented and empirically underdeveloped. A comprehensive literature analysis shows that only a handful of authors have contributed specifically to developing dialogues related to opportunity recognition and that the topic is considered primarily as an ancillary issue by many authors and academic journals. Based on analyzing 180 articles, we classify existing contributions into six influential factors: prior knowledge, social capital, cognition/personality traits, environmental conditions, alertness, and systematic search. Moreover, by developing a framework, we communicate critical insights regarding the opportunity recognition process. The contribution of individual articles to the proposed factors is presented in a research synthesis table. We conclude by presenting several directions for future research related to opportunity recognition.

  • 6.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Achieving competitiveness through externally oriented capabilities: an empirical study of technology-based small firms2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Small firms are regarded as the growth engine of the European economy. They are a major source of employment, entrepreneurial spirit, and innovation. However, many small firms also fail or struggle to survive. A common reason is a lack of internal resources which reduces the ability of small firms to meet increasing competition and market fluctuations. Based on a resource-based view (RBV), this study pursues an argument that small firms with externally oriented capabilities can achieve competitiveness through gaining access to external resources. In particular, this study focuses on two distinct externally oriented capabilities; network capability which represents a firm's ability to utilize inter-firm collaboration for accessing external resources, competences and knowledge; and information and communication technology (ICT) capability denoting a firm's ability to strategically use ICT functions or applications for communication and collaboration. This study also highlights that the relationship between firm capabilities and competitiveness is complex and there is a need to consider two important components which may influence this relationship. First, the mediating role of entrepreneurial strategy is investigated as it can provide an explanation for how capabilities are transformed into competitiveness. Second, the moderating role of network structure is examined as it relates to the context necessities related to the proposed relationship. Thus, the purpose of this study is to develop and test a model to assess how externally oriented capabilities influence the competitiveness of small firms. This study includes qualitative data from three technology-based small firms and quantitative data from 291 technology-based small firms in Sweden. The results can be summarized in five points. First, network capability and ICT capability are two important externally oriented capabilities, which allow small firms to gain from external collaborations and reach competitiveness. Second, network capability and ICT capability have different roles for small firm competitiveness. Network capability holds a strategic value that can directly lead to competitive advantage, while ICT capability is necessary for small firms to avoid competitive disadvantage. Third, both capabilities facilitate the deployment of an entrepreneurial strategy through developing the small firm's potential to identify and exploit opportunities. Fourth, entrepreneurial strategy has a strong influence on firm performance, as it allows small firms to leverage its externally oriented capabilities. Finally, network structure influences the relation of capabilities on competitiveness indicating that small firms need to work with its externally oriented capabilities differently based on their situation. The study's results hold several implications for small firm management and for policymaking which is discussed at length in the final section.

  • 7.
    Reim, Wiebke
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Adaption of  Product-Service System (PSS) Business Model Innovations in Global Distribution Networks2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Offering product-service systems (PSS) is argued to result in significant benefits to economic, environmental and social sustainability but also entails a significant challenges related to relational dynamics between the manufacturer and the service providers belonging to the distributer network. As most large manufacturing companies operate globally, their delivery network partners also tend to be globally distributed. This adds to heterogeneity within the global distribution network, where products and services sales largely relay upon readiness and willingness of their distributers to sell PSS innovations successfully. Thus, firms must actively manage the resistance in the distributer network to adopt and implement PSS business model innovations. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to investigate how manufacturing companies can facilitate adoption of PSS business model innovations among their global distributer network. In a single case study we interviewed 23 respondents from the headquarter, regional managers and distributer network which resulted in unique insides about the challenges, needs and expectations of the different functions and how they differ from each other. The data clearly reveals that the distributer network varies significantly in terms of their readiness and ability to offer advanced services. The distributers can be classified based on the PSS business models that they are currently offer or based on certain characteristics that influence their possibility to offer advanced services (e.g. customer characteristics, market characteristics and distributer capabilities). Based on this classification and the individual challenges of the distributers, support mechanisms for managing PSS adoption in a global distributer network were identified. The mechanisms differ based on the maturity of the distributer and based on whether they support the value creation, value delivery or value capture (business model elements). The findings show that the distributers need to be treated differently based on their maturity level in order to adopt PSS successfully and that the manufacturer need to be actively involved in the development of all distributors.

  • 8.
    Cenamor, Javier
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Department of Management, University of Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    School of Social Sciences, Södertörn University, Södertörn, Sweden.
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Entrepreneurship and Management, Hanken School of Economics, Finland.
    Addressing dual embeddedness: The roles of absorptive capacity and appropriabilitymechanisms in subsidiary performance2019In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 78, p. 239-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how subsidiaries can manage dual embeddedness with both local partners and a multinational enterprise. Specifically, we examine the role of absorptive capacity and appropriability mechanisms on subsidiary performance. We analyse how absorptive capacity and appropriability enable subsidiaries to successfully address knowledge challenges related to internal and external networks. We conducted an empirical analysis on a sample of 165 subsidiaries. Our results suggest that absorptive capacity has a direct, positive effect on subsidiary performance, which is greater in emerging countries. The study also found an indirect effect of absorptive capacity on subsidiary performance, which is mediated through appropriability mechanisms. These findings extend the literature on international networks, dual embeddedness and absorptive capacity.

  • 9.
    Cenamor, Javier
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Adopting a Platform Approach in Servitization: Leveraging the Value of Digitalization2017In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 192, p. 54-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how a platform approach facilitates the implementation of advanced service offerings in manufacturing firms. Understanding servitization through a platform approach is important because many manufacturing firms fail to manage the service paradox, that is, the challenge of simultaneously enriching the value proposition by adding services while maintaining cost levels. This study focuses on how adopting a platform approach leverages the value of digital and information technologies (e.g., smart and connected machines) for advanced service offerings. It is argued that a platform approach based on a modular architecture can enable manufacturers to pursue both customization and operational efficiency. Based on multiple case studies, the findings highlight the importance of information modules replacing product and service modules as the core modules for successful servitization. More specifically, the findings illustrates the journeys of manufacturing firms as they leverage value from information modules to facilitate the orchestrating role of back-end units and the builder role of front-end units.

  • 10. Oghazi, Pejvak
    et al.
    Mostaghel, Rana
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Adoption of radio frequency identification among manufacturing firms2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose of this paperPractitioners and academics have identified and acknowledged presence of gap related to actual and potential values of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology in manufacturing industry. The purpose of this study is to present the RFID implementation in Swedish manufacturing firms and to what extend this technology is utilized throughout the supply chains of manufacturing companies.Design/methodology/approachIn this paper, we present a survey of RFID implementation in Swedish manufacturing firms, concerned with RFID system penetration. Large set of data from a large number of respondents in order to attain external validity and generalizable results. Empirical measures of a distribution’s shape characteristics (skewness and kurtosis) were used to assess the normality of the metric variables. The analyses are focused on to scrutinize the RFID impact on firms’ productivity and cost reduction in their supply chains.FindingsLevel of RFID implementation among Swedish manufacturing firms, and awareness of impact of this technology in the manufacturing industry.Research limitations/implicationsThe findings of this study can lay foundation of conduct for further empirical studies of impacts of RFID on manufacturing firms and their supply chains.Practical implicationsManagers are faced with a dilemma regarding adoption of RFID systems, since the decision may lead their firms either to outperform their competitors or waste valuable resources.Originality/valueAwareness of impact of RFID technology in manufacturing firms Supply chains. A distinctive insight in Swedish manufacturing implementation of this technology; which, comprehensives existing knowledge in the area.

  • 11.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Luleå University of Technology, Centre for Management of Innovation and Technology in Process Industry, Promote.
    Advanced Service Business Models for Circular Economy2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Themanufacturing industry is moving from linear and material-intensive businessmodels toward a more circular economy that effectively uses available resourcesto enhance both profits and sustainability. This new circular economyemphasizes offering advanced services rather than pure goods. Transitioningfrom product to service sales provides multiple possibilities to introduce circular business models, where new forms of value can be created for providers, their customers, and other actors in the ecosystem by utilizing resources more efficiently.Companies need to develop the business models from a ecosystem perspective that involves effectively distributing responsibilities and closely integrating activitiesthroughout the ecosystem. In contrast, current business model practices are often too firm-centric and consider a single firm as a relevant unit, despite the fact that a network of ecosystem actors, such as providers, customers, service partners, and digital actors, are necessary to realize a total offer and for sustainability effects to materialize. Therefore,important questions about the distribution of activities, roles, cost- and revenue sharing, value creation and capture, and procurement are currently left unanswered. In sum, due to these problems, current methods for ecosystem business model development often fail to live up to the full sustainabilit ypotential of advanced services. Thus, we argue for need to develop and test method sfor circular or advanced service business models that is valid from an ecosystem perspective

  • 12.
    Cedergren, S.I.
    et al.
    School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University.
    Elfving, S.W.
    School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University.
    Eriksson, J.
    School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Analysis of the industrial product-service systems (IPS2) literature: A systematic review2012In: IEEE 6th International Conference on Management of Innovation and Technology, ICMIT 2012: Bali 11-13 June 2012, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, p. 733-740Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Successful industrial goods-delivering companies are always looking for ways to develop and grow their business. A strong present trend is to expand the traditionally tangible offering by integrating intangible offerings i.e. services. In academia the term industrial product-service systems (IPS2) are being used to describe this paradigm shift. However, a systematic review of the IPS2 literature is lacking. In this paper publications regarding IPS2 are systematically reviewed. The result of our review has been categorized under five themes that we found characterizes IPS2: delivery, processes, value creation networks, knowledge management, and business models. Based on our findings a discussion is made and future research directions are identified

  • 13.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö.
    Hultman, Magnus
    University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.
    Mostaghel, Rana
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Antecedents of technology-based self-service acceptance: a proposed model2012In: Services Marketing Quarterly, ISSN 1533-2969, E-ISSN 1533-2977, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 195-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology based self-service (TBSS) facilities have been widely implemented in the service industry and it is therefore vital to understand how customers arrive at decisions to adopt it. This paper presents and tests a model assessing the antecedents of customers’ acceptance of technology based self-service by merging the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) with self-service attributes. The findings show that intention to use TBSS is an ultimate function of customers’ perceived usefulness of the self service technology, their attitude towards using it, and their perceived enjoyment of using it. Managers who wish to employ TBSS should therefore first obtain a good understanding of the factors that drives their customers’ attitude towards the-self service. They should investigate how to make the self-service more enjoyable in addition to focusing on the traditional usability- and usefulness enhancing features. Recommendations for future research are also provided.

  • 14.
    Bergström, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Christian
    Assessment of team based innovation in a Product Service System development process2011In: Research into Design: Supporting Sustainable Product Development / [ed] Amaresh Chakrabarti, Bangalore, India: Research Publishing Services, 2011, p. 711-718Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation is often measured based on how the product performs on the market. This makes it difficult to measure the performance of a team since the time to develop a product may take several years. In this paper we show the importance of creating a common ground and facilitation in a team, two aspects that is not easy measure, but should be assessed. We also discuss innovation on three interrelated organizational levels, the operational, which is the development team and in focus in this paper, the managerial and the strategic level. We found that companies need indicators to measure and/or assess performance on all three levels and thatmore research is needed to find the inter-links between the levels to prescribe measures and assessment points.

  • 15.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Lindström, John
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.
    Barriers and conditions of open operation: a customer perspective on value co-creation for integrated product-service solutions2017In: International Journal of Technology Marketing, ISSN 1741-878X, E-ISSN 1741-8798, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 90-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enabling value co-creation between provider and customer is a key requirement for successful adoption of integrated product-service offerings in a capital good industrial setting. However, little is known about the barriers and conditions explaining customers willingness to open up their internal processes for value co-creation with providers. Based on a multiple exploratory case studies with four customers and four providers within the manufacturing and process industries, this study identifies three barriers to open operation (operational cultural resistance, loss of operational know-how and risk of operational conflict) which may restrict the potential for increased value co-creation and must be managed to support the adoption of integrated solutions. In addition, we identify two key conditions related to the criticality of the operational process and the state of operational competences as strong influences for which form of open operation engagement would be favoured by customer. The study holds both theoretical and practical implications.

  • 16.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Johan
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Barriers to information and communIcation technology adoption in small firms2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I en internationell jämförelse ligger Sverige förhållandevis långt fram vad gäller användning av informations- och kommunikationsteknik (IKT) i såväl näringsliv som hos privatpersoner. Inte desto mindre finns det betydande skillnader mellan företag av olika storlek liksom mellan urbana miljöer och glesbygd. Mindre företag har inte kommit lika långt i att IKT-anpassa produktion, organisation och försäljning som större företag.EU, liksom Sverige, lyfter fram de mindre företagens roll för att upprätthålla en hög sysselsättning och ett dynamiskt näringsliv. Mindre och nya företag bidrar med konkurrens, innovativa lösningar och utgör på sikt en viktig komponent för uthållig tillväxt och ett fortsatt högt välstånd. Samtidigt är de just de mindre företagen som utsätts för ett allt hårdare konkurrenstryck i ett globaliseringsskede där marknader blir öppnare och mer lätt tillgängliga. Globaliseringen öppnar visserligen för nya möjligheter men reser också betydande utmaningar när det gäller att bibehålla och utveckla konkurrenskraften. Ett medel för att klara dessa utmaningar är ett effektivt användande av IKT.Den vikt som läggs vid mindre företag avspeglas delvis i en rad politiska initiativ på EU nivå, initiativ som också spiller över på svenska företag. EU-politiken behöver dock kompletteras med en nationell politik, vilket sker i ett flertal länder.Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att dels identifiera hinder för att mindre företag ska kunna använda kostnadseffektiva och konkurrensförstärkande IKT-lösningar, dels att föreslå ekonomisk-politiska åtgärder för att undanröja eller minska nuvarande hinder.På företagsnivå är fördelarna uppenbara med en väl genomförd IKT tillämpning. Moderna IKT-lösningar möjliggör sålunda för företag att lättare nå andra marknader, uppnå lägre kostnader, förbättrad intern och extern kommunikation, större enkelhet att samarbeta och koordinera produktionen med andra företag samt bättre förutsättning för innovation genom enklare access till olika former av kunskap och information. Samtidigt är hindren betydande. Bland de vanligast förekommande är en föreställning om att IKT inte är lämpligt för företaget, begränsade IKT- kunskaper hos ledningen/företagaren, standards och regelverk som är svåra för småföretag att anpassa sig till, höga utvecklingskostnader för IKT, bristande synkronisering/interoperabilitet mellan olika IKT-system, säkerhetsproblem och bristande förtroende, legala oklarheter samt bristande infrastruktur. Var och en av dessa kan innebära betydande problem för särskilt de mindre företagen.Baserat på en genomgång av de senaste årens forskning inom området föreslås en rad olika ekonomisk-politiska åtgärder i rapporten. Dessa avser dels generella åtgärder, dels mer specifika insatser anpassade till kunskapsnivå och det upplevda behovet av IKT i olika typföretag. Bristen på relevant IKT-information och en upplevd osäkerhet kring pålitligheten i nuvarandes system gentemot såväl leverantörer som kunder, kombinerat med en otillräcklig kunskapsnivå i särskilt mindre företag, innebär att det finns en risk att investeringarna i IKT inte når en samhällsekonomisk önskvärd nivå.Bland de generella åtgärderna märks förslag till skatteincitament under en begränsad tid för att öka IKT-investeringar liksom satsningar på forskning och utveckling. Likaså föreslås en översyn av de regleringar som finns på området med särskilt fokus på ett förenklat och IKT-baserat förfarande vid offentlig upphandling som möjliggör för mindre företag att delta. Bland mer specifika satsningar är förslagen sammanställda utifrån behoven hos olika typföretag. Olika utbildnings-, informations- och samordningsinsatser föreslås kombineras med vissa riktade ekonomiska incitament som lånefaciliteter och konsultcheckar. Vår bedömning är att de föreslagna ekonomisk-politiska åtgärderna bör kunna utgöra ett kraftfullt verktyg för att minska en nu rådande ”digital divide” bland företag av olika storlek och mellan regioner. Samtidigt vill vi betona att mot bakgrund av den tid som stått till vårt förfogande – en dryg månad – ska förslagen ses som tentativa och förutsätter ytterligare bearbetning.

  • 17.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Benchmarking study for creative space: Visit to PIEp Studio and Learning Lab2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Kohtamäki, Marko
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Capability configurations for advanced service offerings in manufacturing firms: Using fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis2016In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 69, no 11, p. 5330-5335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study contributes to the servitization literature demonstrating capability configurations that lead to successful advanced service offerings. Drawing on a data set of 131 Swedish manufacturing firms, the present study utilizes a configurational comparative method, namely fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA), to identify influential capability configurations. This study identifies four capability configurations that enable advanced service offerings in manufacturing companies. The results highlight the importance of a configurational approach towards understanding service capabilities and suggest two key paths based upon service development capabilities and mass service customization capabilities that firms may follow in achieving advanced service offerings.

  • 19.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Challenges in open innovation practices for industries2009In: The 3rd Nordic Innovation Research Conference: NIR 2008 - IEM Arctic Workshop / [ed] Harri Haapasalo; Hanna Kropsu-Vehkaperä, Oulu: University of Oulu, 2009, p. 27-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of open innovation model is gaining interest from practitioners and researchers. This paradigm shift suggests that firms can and should use external and internal ideas, and internal and external paths to market their innovative products. The result of this approach leads to higher growth potential and effective innovation process. However, the adoption of open innovation practices requires considerable change in the overall business model and processes. This naturally creates several challenges (internal and external issues) that can hinder the transformation. Thus, this study makes an attempt to identify and explore the challenges associated with open innovation practices, and also suggests possible way in which they can be converted into potential opportunities. The results suggest that although challenges exist there are several ways in which most of them can be resolved.

  • 20.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Challenges with Engineering Services Offshoring2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the potential for offshoring R&D and engineering work is significant, companies face several previously undefined challenges. We used data from large global engineering companies to identify challenges in engineering service offshoring, the extent such challenges can negatively influence offshore performance and how managers can effectively reduce or mitigate outstanding challenges. We noticed that miscommunication, lack of IT tools and solutions, effective task identification of larger engineering work packages, transfer of jobs and non anticipated costs have the most negative influences on offshoring engineering performance but that these could be dealt with in rather cost effective ways. Although we identify a list of challenges in offshore engineering services, expert interviews indicate a great potential to address the prominent problems and thus support the potential of current companies engaged in such a strategic change of their R&D operations.

  • 21.
    Graff, Jens
    et al.
    Umeå university.
    Sophonthummapharn, Kittipong
    Umeå university.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Cognitive dissonance in post purchase period: evidence from mobile phone users2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates whether the cognitive dissonance exists in post purchase phase in mobile phone industry. It is not certain that mobile phone users are fully satisfied since they are usually confused with abundant information during purchasing period. Three dissonant dimensions were measured with two-hundred-and-eighty-three university students. The results provide interesting insights. The major differences between high and low dissonance group are: ‘influence by other people’s opinion’, ‘difficulty in searching information’, ‘product involvement’, and ‘satisfaction with mobile phone/operator’. The findings reveal that consumers are ‘not unhappy’ with their mobile phone/operator, but not extremely happy either. There is ample room for improvements. For marketers, the consumer perceptions toward communication messages should be given high priority. The messages need to be straightforward and clear in the consumers’ interpretation.

  • 22.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Country profiles for 30 countries in Hydropower2006In: International Water Power & Dam Construction Year Book, Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Critical success factors in early new product development: a review and a conceptual model2018In: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 411-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on the front end in the New Product Development (NPD) literature is fragmented with respect to the identification and analysis of the factors that are critical to successful product development. The article has a two-fold purpose. First, it describes, analyses, and synthesizes those factors through a literature review of the research on the front end in NPD. Second, it conceptualizes a framework that features two types of success factors: foundational success factors (common to all the firm’s projects) and project-specific success factors (appropriate for the firm’s individual projects). The article makes recommendations for the management of this important phase of product development, discusses limitations of relevant previous research, and offers suggestions for future research. The article makes a theoretical contribution with its analysis and synthesis of the reasons for success in front-end activities and a practical contribution with its conceptual framework that can be used as an analytical tool by firms and their product managers.

  • 24. Sophonthummapharn, Kittipong
    et al.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Customer-oriented entrepreneurial SMEs in entering global market2006In: Proceedings of the 2nd Aalborg University Conference on Internationalisation of Companies and Intercultural Management, Centre for International Business , 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    George, Nerine Mary
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Anokhin, Sergey
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Dancing with the stars or preying on the weak?: arbitrage opportunity pursuit by industry incumbents2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Sturm, Dennis
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Isaksson, Ola
    Design of user-centred wireless sensor technology in sports: an empirical study of elite kayak athletes2011In: Research into Design: Supporting Sustainable Product Development / [ed] Amaresh Chakrabarti, Bangalore, India: Research Publishing Services, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Partanen, Jukka
    et al.
    Vaasan Yliopisto Helsinki.
    Kohtamäki, Marko
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. University of Vaasa .
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Developing and validating a multi-dimensional scale for operationalizing industrial service offering2017In: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 295-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    urpose

    The purpose of this paper is to develop a new scale for measuring the scope (i.e., breadth and depth) of industrial service offering.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The scale and its constructs are developed by (1) combining the key insights from prior literature and practitioners gained through expert interviews; (2) validating the constructs by three item-construct validation rounds with nine academic experts; and (3) by testing and further revising the scale, with a sample of 91 manufacturing firms.

    Findings

    The distinct contribution of the study is the construction and validation of a new multi-dimensional scale for operationalizing the scope of industrial service offering. In addition, the identified service categories (i.e., pre-sales services, product support services, product life-cycle services, R&D services, and operational services) extend the current literature on service typologies

    Research limitations/implications

    The data is somewhat biased towards small and medium-sized industrial firms. Hence, the development of the measurement in the context of large industrial firms provides one fruitful avenue for further research.

    Practical implications

    For managers of industrial firms, the identified service categories provide novel insight on how to develop, bundle and commercialize industrial services to their varying customer segments.

    Originality/value

    This study develops a multi-dimensional, fine-grained, statistical and relationship-level scale for measuring the scope of industrial service business. Moreover, this study tests and further develops the scale with quantitative empirical data.

  • 28.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Sjödin, David Rönnberg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Lenka, Sambit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Developing Global Service Innovation Capabilities2015In: Research technology management, ISSN 0895-6308, E-ISSN 1930-0166, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 35-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As multinational manufacturing companies pursue service innovation toward global markets, their back-end development units (i.e. R&D headquarters) face immense challenges due to market heterogeneity. Our extensive studies of 14 leading multinational companies in service innovation have identified, analyzed, and ranked challenges to reveal the key steps to building necessary capabilities. Based on our analysis, we explain how back-end units develop four sub-dimensions of global service innovation capabilities (service offerings, digitalization, customer insights, and integrating global knowledge) to manage their relationships with regional front-end units and subsequently drive service innovation. In developing these capabilities, the back-end units progressively learn to collaborate, integrate, and orchestrate processes and activities across and within regional front-end units, customers, and service partners from heterogeneous global markets.

  • 29.
    Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Development of integrated product/service offers through integration, or not?: A multiple case study of global manufacturing firms2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a world where advanced engineering products are commoditized, many manufacturing companies now strive to improve differentiation and profitability by offering integrated combinations of products and services known as product-service systems (PSS). Prior literature has proposed that such integrated offers be developed through an integrated product/service development process, but has so far not studied such integration in detail. To this background, our purpose is to study how integrated product/service offers actually come about. Our results are somewhat surprising, and paradoxical. Through an inductive multiple case study across eight multinational companies, we find that effective alignment-not integration-is the key to developing successful integrated PSS offerings. Thus, an integrated PSS offer seems to be reached through alignment rater than integration. The paper also identifies the key factors that inhibit integration and the various mechanisms that support alignment, and provides theoretical implications for literature and managerial implications for better development of integrated PSS solutions.

  • 30.
    Sjödin, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Centre for Management of Innovation and Technology in Process Industry, Promote. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Cenamor, Javier
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Digital Platforms to Enable Servitization: How leading manufacturers leverage digitalization to provide advanced services2018In: Management of Innovation and Technology, ISSN 2001-208X, no 3, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish manufacturing firms are increasingly adopting pioneering digital technologies and analytics to support advanced service provision in an attempt to achieve sustainable competitive advantages. This article explains how a platform approach to digitalization can help manufacturers achieve both customization and operational efficiency in advanced service provision across global markets.

  • 31.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Digitalization2018In: Addressing Societal Challenges / [ed] Editors Johan Frishammar Åsa Ericson, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018, p. 23-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization is a fundamental disruptive force triggered by FourthIndustrial Revolution and Internet of Things, which has changed theway we approach and think about business processes and activities.In this increasingly digital age, relationships between organizations(i.e. companies, governmental agencies, and others) and customersare being reshaped and new business models are being invented. Today,companies across industries need agility, speed, flexibility, andthe ability to pivot rapidly to pursue new business opportunities andkeep up with a fast-changing global business environment. Digitalizationemphasizes the importance of placing advanced technology atthe heart of all processes, products, and services. However, much ofthe promised value of digitalization for business and society has notyet been fully realized. Academia will play a vital role in developingthe required knowledge and skills at the individual, company, andsocial levels. LTU can contribute to digital transformation by upgradingteaching and research so that students and researchers learn,understand, and apply digitalization for business development, innovationmanagement, and social value creation.

  • 32.
    Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Digitalization and advanced service innovation: How digitalization capabilities enable companies to co-create value with customers2016In: Management of Innovation and Technology, no 3, p. 3-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Digitalization Capabilities as Enablers of Value Co-Creation in Servitizing Firms2017In: Psychology & Marketing, ISSN 0742-6046, E-ISSN 1520-6793, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 92-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As manufacturing companies pursue a servitization strategy, they are increasingly relying on developing digitalization capabilities to interact and co-create value with their customers. However, many lack an understanding of what constitutes digitalization capabilities and how they can create value with customers. To address these questions, the study builds on qualitative data from four industrial manufacturing firms to conceptualize three underlying subcomponents of digitalization capabilities, namely, intelligence capability, connect capability, and analytic capability. The study identifies and explains how digitalization capabilities enable value co-creation with customers through perceptive and responsive mechanisms. This study contributes to the servitization literature by showcasing how digitalization capabilities are enabling value co-creation in a business-to-business context.

  • 34.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Drivers, benefits and the role of experience in global offshore R&D collaboration: Insights of unexpected learning among large multinationals2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Offshoring of production and low-value activities to BRIC region is a widely practiced and well understood phenomenon. Still, the offshoring of advance engineering and R&D oriented activities is unstudied practice. As a growing filed of interest, prior studies now indicate a complexity of understanding drivers and benefits of R&D offshoring. This study provides an interesting perspective on R&D offshoring, based on insights from two large manufacturing firms with offshore collaboration experience. In a focus of drivers and benefits with offshoring, we find a decision to offshore R&D is based upon similar rationales as offshoring of low-value activities such as the increasing need for cost advantages, lack of skilled talent and market closeness. However, the study also suggests offshoring of R&D can create unexpected benefits. In fact, we show over time the benefits from R&D offshoring tends to be much greater then what the companies had initially bargained for. Drawing upon literature on learning and the evolutionary development of capabilities, we provide an alternative view on benefits that confirm the existing view that experienced firms are able to gain greater collaborative benefits and outline a framework about what is specific with those benefits in offshoring. We notice that the development of internal processes and tasks, new processes and work methods, gaining competence from offshore workers, signifying internal competence development, extended resource utilization, and designing of effective relationships constitute fundamentals for developing global collaborative capabilities. What is especially interesting is that this capability development is likely not the primary reasons for large multinationals to enter and engage in offshoring initially. These reasons seem to be based upon conventional motives such as reduced costs, access to competence and being close to customers and end markets. Future studies are encouraged to build on these findings and our framework call for future attention of unexpected challenges associated with R&D offshoring.

  • 35.
    Sundén, Lina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Sjödin, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Ecosystem Business Models for Smart City Platforms2019In: Ecosystem Business Models for Smart City Platforms / [ed] Bigdeli, A., Kowalkowski, C., Kindström, D., Baines, T., 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Initiative towards “smart cities”, where digital technologies enable infrastructure, companies and inhabitants to interact and co-create value are increasing as a consequence of urbanization and digitalization. Indeed emphasis on smart cities has attracted considerable attention in research during the last decade and traditional B2B companies are increasingly providing smart city offerings. In most cases this includes investing in a digital platform where companies can share data with ecosystem actors, such as municipalities, infrastructure owners and utility companies, and build new value-adding services for diverse categories of customers. However, many companies are uncertain about their new role and ability to offer new service business models that would create, deliver and capture value from the digital platform. Research so far provide limited insights in on how actors develop new business models and their relationship with ecosystem partners in the smart city context. Thus, this study builds on platform theory with the purpose to enhance understanding how firms aligns ecosystem actor roles for smart city business models through digital platform. 

     

    The research adopted an exploratory multiple case study design to capture insights from two industrial ecosystems in the housing and utility industries. To enhance understanding about how actors collaborate to develop smart city platforms, 35 semi-structured interviews were performed with different ecosystem actors, and were analysed using MAXQDA software. The preliminary findings reveal answers to questions like: what challenges are connected to smart city business models? And what value do different actors generate through digital platforms and how do they capture and distribute value? Further, we develop a framework connecting actor roles, to the design of the digital platform and associated business models contributing to the smart city. Thus, this study provides valuable insights to both academia and practitioners related to business models enabled by digital platforms in the smart city context. 

  • 36.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Effects of open innovation activities on SMEs innovative performance: an empirical study2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies suggest that open innovation (OI) practices positively influences innovation efforts of large and small firms. However, few studies have investigated implication of adapting OI in the SMEs context. In this study, we address the research gap by investigating the effects of four in-bound OI practices on innovative performance based on data from 252 technology-based SMEs. Our results reveal that different OI are beneficial for different innovation performances. For instance, technology sourcing is linked to radical innovation, while technology scouting is linked to incremental innovation. Based on our study, it seems worthwhile to further study OI issues in SMEs.

  • 37.
    Stroe, Silvia
    et al.
    Politecnico di Milano, Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Milan, Italy.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Department of Management, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Hanken School of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Management.
    Effectuation or causation: An fsQCA analysis of entrepreneurial passion, risk perception, and self-efficacy2018In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 89, p. 265-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper enriches the literature on entrepreneurial decision-making logic by investigating nascent entrepreneurs' use of effectuation and causation. The configurational effect of passion, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and risk perception is tested for causal and effectual decision-making. The results, based on data gathered from 50 nascent entrepreneurs, show that, more than passion, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and risk perception alone, it is their combination that leads to the use of a causal and an effectual logic. This fsQCA-based study thereby helps unravel some of the complexities behind entrepreneurs' choice of decision-making logic.

  • 38.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Sturm, Dennis
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Embracing entrepreneurial behavior in a research school2009In: Design has never been this cool: ICED 09, the 17th International Conference on Engineering Design ; 24 - 27 August 2009, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA ; proceedings volume / [ed] Magareta Norell Bergendahl; Martin Grimheden; Larry Leifer, Design Research Society, 2009, Vol. 1: Design processes, p. 245-256Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PIEp (Product Innovation Engineering programme) is a newly established research school in product development engineering with the aim to increase innovation capabilities in the Swedish industries and to promote entrepreneurial behavior. By following a bottom-up approach PIEp has been able to embrace and foster entrepreneurial behavior. As an outcome the young research school has been able to change preexisting mindsets and to encourage the PIEp PhD students to be more proactive, risk-taking and innovative. This paper presents the chain of events that have happened since the establishment of the PIEp research school. In an action research approach the authors additionally state their own perceptions. Providing rich, descriptive examples and explaining certain cases in detail it is outlined how the transformation of the initial idea has been pursued until today. The insights provided are made public for future research, comparison to other research schools, and to policy makers interested in founding new research schools.

  • 39.
    Patel, Pankaj
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Kohtamäki, Marko
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Entrepreneurial-Orientation-as-Experimentation and Firm Performance: The Enabling Role of Absorptive Capacity2015In: Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095, E-ISSN 1097-0266, Vol. 36, no 11, p. 1739-1749Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the perspective of entrepreneurial-orientation-as-experimentation, entrepreneurial orientation (EO) increases variability in innovation outcomes. Although increased variability in the innovation portfolio could increase performance, it could also lead to a decline in performance. We propose that absorptive capacity plays a role in both increasing and managing variations in innovation outcomes. Potential absorptive capacity enhances the effects of EO on variability in innovation outcomes, whereas realized absorptive capacity helps transform and exploit variability in innovation outcomes to enhance firm performance.

  • 40.
    Lindström, John
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, ProcessIT Innovations R&D Centre.
    Kyösti, Petter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, ProcessIT Innovations R&D Centre.
    Delsing, Jerker
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Embedded Internet Systems Lab.
    Ventä, Olli (Contributor)
    Savolainen, Jouni (Contributor)
    Kangas, Petteri (Contributor)
    Helaakoski, Heli (Contributor)
    Virkkunen, Riikka (Contributor)
    Muhos, Matti (Contributor)
    Taipale-Erävala, Kyllikki (Contributor)
    Parida, Vinit (Contributor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Sjödin, David (Contributor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Centre for Management of Innovation and Technology in Process Industry, Promote. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    European roadmap for industrial process automation2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an updated version of the ProcessIT. EU roadmap for industrial process automation, which was initially released in 2013 to provide guidance and input for process industry companies, providers of process industrial IT- and automation solutions, researchers as well as policy makers and bodies/initiatives that craft calls for RDI-projects. The main objective is for European process industry to stay competitive, profitable and sustainable. Thus, to support European process industry in its industrial process automation endeavours, the ProcessIT. EU roadmap outlines three top-level needs: sustainable production, competence management and trust, security, safety and privacy. These three top-level needs intersect the following ten R&D areas:

    • Productivity, efficiency, scalability and flexibility

    • Sustainability through circular economy - circular economy through industrial internet

    • Distributed production/modular factories and services

    • Artificial Intelligence and Big Data

    • Autonomous plants and remote operations

    • Platform economy

    • Cybersecurity

    • Safety - human, machine and environment

    • Competences and quality of work

    • Human-Machine Interfaces and Machine- to-Machine communications,

    which in turn are used as building blocks in the nine gamechangers . The gamechangers aim to influence the process industries’ competitiveness, profitability and sustainability . The gamechangers are listed below:

    • Modular factory for distributed and automated production

    • Live virtual twins of raw-materials, process and products

    • Increased information transparency between field and ERP

    • Real-time data analytics

    • Dynamic control and optimisation of output tolerances

    • Process industry as an integrated and agile part of the energy system

    • Management of critical knowledge

    • Semi-autonomous automation engineering

    • Integrated operational and cybersecurity management

    Finally, the ProcessIT. EU roadmap provides an insight into what may need to be considered on strategic and tactical levels, in terms of: objec-tives, R&D areas, game changers and business modelling, to keep and develop the competitive edge and initiative.

  • 41.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Examining the role of externally oriented capabilities, slack resources, innovation and performance: A study on technology-based small firms2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation has been widely recognized as the key strategic activity for growth and success of small firms. However, small firms due to internal barriers (e.g. financial and human resources) and external barriers (e.g. external environment) are obstructed in developing innovation. Thus, it is critical to increase the understanding of how small firms can attain innovation. One perspective in the literature is the resource-based view of the firm. In this perspective it is generally proposed that a firms potential to be innovative lies in its ability to utilize different organizational capabilities. We follow this logic and propose two externally oriented capabilities that promote (Network capability) and facilitate (Information and communication technology capability) social networking practices. We argue these capabilities to be of importance especially in a small firm context and we hypothesize that their individual and joint effects on innovation are positive. We further acknowledge recent developments in the literature which suggest that capabilities are dependent on firm internal conditions such as flexibility and production. We therefore also include organizational slack and consider a three-way interaction effect between slack and the two proposed capabilities. Our basic argument is that capabilities will pay off for innovation when firms have slack resources. We also test howincreases in innovation influences firm performance. As such we suggest that innovation has a mediating role between capabilities and performance. We test the hypotheses based on a two year longitudinal dataset of Swedish technology-based small firms (less than 50 employees). In total 291 full responses were included out of the originally 1471 firms surveyed, for a response rate of 20%. Main analyses are lagged regression with control for the dependent variables influence at t-1. Results show innovativeness to be positively and significantly related to performance, even when performing controls for previous years of performance. We find a significant three-way interaction effect between the two suggested capabilities and slack on innovation, and support that innovation mediates the influence between capabilities and performance. As such, we find evidence that externally oriented capabilities in conjuncture with organizational slack are important for the level of firm innovation, and that their influence on renewal through innovation also help determine future performance.

  • 42.
    Sundén, Lina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Sjödin, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Exploiting digitalization opportunities  through business models: empirical insights  from leading swedish manufacturing companies2018In: Proceedings of the Spring Servitization Conference: Driving Competitiveness through Servitization / [ed] Ali Bigdeli, Thomas Frandsen, Jawwad Raja, Tim Baines, United Kingdom, 2018, p. 163-172Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To enhance understanding about the process when evaluating a digitally enabled business model opportunity. 

    Design/Methodology/Approach: This exploratory case study provides insights from workshops and interviews with 12 leading providers and customers within the Swedish manufacturing industry. 

    Findings: The novel contribution of this study is a framework for evaluating digitally enabled alternative business model opportunities. Starting from a specific customer opportunity and a corresponding alternative business model, the framework guides firms in (1) assessing opportunities, (2) analysing risks, and (3) financial modelling, to arrive at a go or no-go for exploiting digital business model opportunities. 

    Originality/Value: The study presents important insights for managers on how to handle business opportunities created by digitalization, by evaluating alternative business models. 

  • 43.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Lahti, Tom
    Hanken School of Economics, Entrepreneurship & Management.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Exploration and exploitation and firm performance variability: a study of ambidexterity in entrepreneurial firms2016In: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 1147-1164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A challenge young entrepreneurial firms usually face is reducing variability in firm performance in order to mitigate survival difficulties. This paper suggests ventures should have a clear preference for either exploration or exploitation, because such an approach to ambidexterity reduces variability in firm performance. We specifically concentrate on the moderation effects of firm size and environmental dynamism in a sample of young entrepreneurial firms. We found evidence for the effects of lower performance variability in dynamic environments. This is an important insight, because environmental dynamism is a contingency where performance variance is considered problematic for entrepreneurial firms. Our research has implications for the establishment phase of entrepreneurial firms as it suggests they should carefully consider how much they explore to be as different as possible and how much they exploit to be as effective as possible. This is particularly important when they are younger and exposed to dynamic environments

  • 44.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Christian
    Bergström, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Exploring challenges for innovation-driven virtual enterprises2009In: Research into Design: Supporting multiple facets of product development / [ed] Amaresh Chakrabarti, Singapore: Research Publishing Services, 2009, p. 568-575Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies have suggested virtual enterprises (VEs) as a promising new form of organization. VEs are created to gain several benefits, for example, risk-and-revenue sharing, entering new markets, etc. However, in this study we focus on increasing the innovation in the VE consortiums. Based on past experience and knowledge from related fields, we argue that VE consortiums in the Swedish industry are rare. Thus, this study highlights and explores the challenges, particularly four areas: networking capability, information and communication technology (ICT) usage, knowledge engineering, and team based innovation. These areas contribute to the facilitation of VE creation and its effective operation. Each of these areas is discussed and propositions are formed which will guide the future research. Finally, we have discussed the concept of innovation driven virtual enterprise that combines open innovation ideology with the virtual enterprise concept.

  • 45. Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Roininen, Sari
    Exploring the effects of network configurations on entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance: an empirical study of new ventures and small firms2010In: Annals of Innovation & Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2000-7396, E-ISSN 2000-7396, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior studies have suggested that networks are important for new ventures and small firms as a provider of access to entrepreneurial opportunities and as a tool to increase firm performance. Although the strategic value of networks on a general level is undisputed, one major shortcoming of prior studies has been to evaluate the effects of specific network configurations. Moreover, small firms have all too often been treated as a homogeneous group, expected to reveal similar needs and patterns of behavior. The purpose of this explorative study was therefore to examine the effects of different network configurations on entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and performance for two categories of small firms - new ventures and established small firms. The results were achieved by using empirical data from two independent samples of new ventures (n=171) and small firms (n=291) and show that network relationships have quite different effects in the two samples. While networking is overall positively linked to EO and performance for small firms, no positive effect from networking is evidenced for new ventures' EO and performance. For both samples, we found a strong link between EO and performance. This paper concludes with a discussion on the results and suggestions for future research.

  • 46.
    Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. University of Vaasa, Department of Management.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki.
    Exploring the microfoundations of servitization: How individual actions overcome organizational resistance2018In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, p. 328-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Servitization research has principally focused on the transition of organizational-level strategy, systems, capabilities, and processes for firms to be able to offer advanced services to their customers. Less is known of the underlying microfoundational dynamics of such transitions at the individual-level. Based on a multiple case study of six large multinational industrial firms engaged in servitization efforts, this paper identifies the tactics (i.e., evangelizing, bootlegging, leveraging, and collaborating) that individuals adopt to overcome organizational resistance to servitization. This study also presents the conditions that are necessary for individual employees to adopt these tactics. The present study provides theoretical and practical implications of the microfoundations of servitization, focusing attention on individual-level actions that affect the outcomes at the organizational-level to drive servitization efforts.

  • 47.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Berglund, Anders
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Sturm, Dennis
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Grimheden, Martin
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Facilitating the learning environment: initiatives within the PIEp research school2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research schools have become common phenomena in the academic world. However, we find lack of studies investigating their influence and role in the academia. This study attempts to address this gap by describe in a narrative form how the PIEp research school has evolved into an effective learning environment for the PhD students. Product Innovation Engineering program (PIEp) research school is currently the largest research initiative in Product Innovation in Sweden, with the aim to increase innovation capabilities in the Swedish industries. Through an action-based research approach the authors, who are research school participants themselves, present the processes and chain of events to offer knowledge transfer and to give insight into this special research environment. In this pursuit, the findings are presented in three different themes,1) the role of common interest groups, 2) common interest group activities, and) tiger team workshop. This paper holds major implications for other research schools and funding organizations.

  • 48.
    Parida, Vinit
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Mostaghel, Rana
    Linnaeus University.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnaeus University.
    Factors for Elderly Use of Social Media for Health-Related Activities2016In: Psychology & Marketing, ISSN 0742-6046, E-ISSN 1520-6793, Vol. 33, no 12, p. 1134-1141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elderly individuals are increasingly using social media sites to access health-related information. Using responses from 610 elderly individuals in Sweden to a large-scale questionnaire survey, this study examines technology acceptance model and sociodemographic factors that positively influence elderly individuals’ use of social media for health-related activities. The results show evidence of a positive association between general technology use experience, attitudes toward technology use, age, or gender, and the use of social media for health-related activities. Technology attitudes strengthen the effect on social media use for health-related activities regarding general use of technology, for older individuals, and among females.

  • 49.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Framtidens Produktframtagning i Svenska Företag: Trender, Implikationer och Reflektioner2014Report (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Framtidens produktframtagningsprocess i svenska företag: Vilka trender påverkar mest och hur behöver företagen förändra sina utvecklingsprocesser?2013In: Management of Innovation and Technology, ISSN 2001-208X, no 3, p. 5-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1234 1 - 50 of 156
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