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  • 101.
    Thiery, Florian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
    Gustavsson, Rolf K.
    Vattenfall Research & Development.
    Aidanpää, Jan-Olov
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics.
    Dynamics of a misaligned Kaplan turbine with blade-to-stator contacts2015In: International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, ISSN 0020-7403, E-ISSN 1879-2162, Vol. 99, p. 251-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rotor-to-stator contacts can occur in hydropower systems due to mechanical and electrical misalignment as well as high unbalance forces. It can result in high impact forces and damages in case of malfunction of the machine. As a result, a real hydropower rotor is studied to evaluate the different types of dynamic motion due to multiple impacts when it is initially misaligned. In this paper, the simplicity of its blade rubbing modelling allows us to evaluate in a fast and efficient way the dynamics of this system as a function of several design parameters. It is observed that the global dynamics of the system are similar to simple bladed Jeffcott rotors when scaled with the number of blades. Since the rotor runs at its operating point, the contact forces are also evaluated at nominal speed. A parametric study - as a function of contact stiffness and damping - is performed and results are given in terms of Poincaré sections, bifurcation diagrams and maximum displacements at steady state. These simulations are used to determine if the system is safe to operate. It can be used to design hydropower rotors by choosing the operating speed in a suitable range, or to analyse if the machine can be stopped before a catastrophe occurs

  • 102.
    Thiery, Florian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
    Gustavsson, Rolf K.
    Vattenfall Research & Development.
    Aidanpää, Jan-Olov
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
    Evaluation of Campbell diagrams for vertical hydropower machines supported by Tilting Pad Journal Bearings2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In vertically oriented machines with tilting-pad journal bearings, there is no static load that allow tocalculate the bearing properties around a determined static position. As a result, most of simulationsare performed by solving Reynolds equation at each time-step which can result in long computationaltime. To avoid this concern, a simplified model is used that takes in account the variation of unbalanceload depending on the pad configuration. This nonlinear model is used to simulate the dynamics ofa hydropower turbine and compared with the Campbell diagram calculations used from hydropowerindustry standards. A comparison between the linear and nonlinear model is performed to evaluate howaccurate the linear model is and until which limits it can be relevant. In case of qualitative discrepancies inthe results in terms of natural frequencies and damping ratios, an improvement of the Campbell diagramcalculation is proposed to obtain a more accurate linear model.

123 101 - 102 of 102
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