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  • 101.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    The overestimated role of strategic orientations for international performance in smaller firms2006Ingår i: McGill International Entrepreneurship (MIE) Conference: Conference Extended Abstracts, 2006, s. 41-42Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 102. Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Managing external information in manufacturing firms: the impact on innovation performance2005Ingår i: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 251-266Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing upon a sample of 206 medium-sized manufacturing firms, this article investigates the extent to which management of external information is associated with innovation performance. The overall purpose of the article is to examine whether or not those organizations that are better at managing external information are also those that are the better innovators. The research strategy used was a survey, and data were collected by means of mail questionnaires (with a 62.4% response rate). A multiple regression analysis was used for hypothesis testing. The results show that scanning the technological sector of the environment was positively associated with innovation performance, while scanning customers, suppliers, and competitors proved to be negatively correlated with innovation performance. Cross-functional integration in the form of collaboration also proved significantly correlated with innovation performance, while interaction showed no such relationship. Further, decision-making based on information from the industry environment correlated significantly with innovation performance. Research and managerial implications of these findings are presented and are discussed.

  • 103. Frishammar, Johan
    Managing information in new product development: a literature review2005Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), ISSN 0219-8770, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 259-275Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The new product development (NPD) process is frequently described as a sequence of information processing activities, but "information in NPD" occupies a broader conceptual space than the reduction of uncertainty. This article reviews the area of "information in NPD" by examining the literature on environmental scanning, market orientation, gatekeepers, cross-functional integration, and information use. It is argued that we can understand the process of managing information in terms of three steps: Acquiring, sharing and using. A tentative framework for this area is proposed, and managerial implications resulting from this literature review and tentative frame are outlined and presented.

  • 104. Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    The role of market- and entrepreneurial orientation for NPD performance in smaller firms2005Ingår i: Proceedings, 12th Product Development Management Conference: IPDMC 2005, 2005, s. 471-487Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 105.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Towards a theory of managing information in new product development2005Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with various information aspects of new product development (NPD). In total, the thesis consists of 6 research articles appended in full, and an introductory text that integrates and theorizes with and from these papers. The first paper is a review article examining the literature on and role of information in NPD. The main argument put forward here is that information processing can be understood in terms of three steps: acquiring, sharing, and using information. The second paper is a largescale survey that examines the relationship between market and entrepreneurial orien-tation and performance in NPD. A market orientation is to a large extent about acquiring, disseminating and using market information, while an entrepreneurial orientation partly is about ignoring such information, and instead trying to be innovative, proactive, and take risks. The results show that a market orientation and innovativeness are positively related to NPD performance, and that neither product nor environmental characteristics moderate these relationships. The third paper is also a survey, and investigates the extent to which management of external information is associated with innovation performance. The main findings are that scanning the technological sector of the environment was positively associated with innovation performance, while scanning customers, suppliers, and competitors proved to be negatively correlated with innovation performance. Crossfunctional integration in the form of collaboration as well as using information from the industry environment also proved to be positively related to innovation performance. The last three papers have a centre of gravity in “management of information & environ-ment”, and not so much in new product development per se. Paper four describes and com-pares different information processing approaches (e.g. environmental scanning, marketing research) in order to identify their similarities and differences, but also their underlying con-cepts and the course of events they represent. The main conclusion is that differences exist primarily in terms of focus and scope. Paper five is a review and tentative integration of different perspectives in organization – environment research: the adaptive, the resource-dependence, the cognitive and the population-ecology perspective. The review identifies differences and similarities among these perspectives, suggests tentative conclusions on why the adaptive perspective is so frequently utilized at the expense of the other three, and suggests constructivism as a feasible avenue for combining and integrating these perspectives. Finally, the sixth and final paper deals with information use in the context of strategic decisionmaking. With a case study approach, the questions of why information is used, what kind of information is used, where it is obtained, and how it is obtained were addressed, and the results from this paper are mainly descriptive. The purpose of the introductory text is two-fold. In addition to providing integration of the appended papers, the main purpose is theory construction (i.e. elicitation of constructs and propositions). In the introduction, all six appended papers together with a new literature search and a new pilot case study are used to generate propositions about management of information, information sources, and the need for cross-functional integration in three different phases of the NPD process. In addition, suggestions regarding theoretical connections are made. The introduction text concludes with reflections, managerial implications, limitations, and future research.

  • 106. Frishammar, Johan
    Fragments of a framework for studying information use in new product development2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 107. Frishammar, Johan
    An exploration of motives for further studying the link between environmental scanning and innovation2003Ingår i: Innovation management, Halmstad, 2003, s. 77-88Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 108. Frishammar, Johan
    Information use in strategic decision making2003Ingår i: Management Decision, ISSN 0025-1747, E-ISSN 1758-6070, Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 318-326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the issue of information use in strategic decision making. The study employs a case study as a research strategy together with personal interviews and documentation as means of data collection. The starting-point is four specific strategic decisions recently made by medium-sized companies in Sweden. The study provides the reader with an insight into management information behaviour when taking strategic decisions, by addressing questions such as: Why is information used? What kind of information does management use? How do they obtain it? And finally, where do they obtain it? In addition, a short review of the literature pertaining to the above stated questions is provided.

  • 109.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Three essays on the organization - environment interface2003Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The environment is considered to be of importance to organizations, albeit for different reasons. This thesis presents an introduction to the concept of organizational environment and will provide the reader with a review of four different perspectives in organization - environment thinking. The perspectives reviewed are the adaptive, the resource-dependence, the cognitive, and the population-ecology perspective. These four perspectives are compared and contrasted on seven different dimensions, in an attempt to identify their similarities and differences. There then follows a discussion on how these perspectives relate to the appended papers, the evolution of these papers, and a summary of the papers. Finally, suggestions for future research are presented. There are three appended papers. The first paper, named Characteristics in information processing approaches, aims to describe and compare different information processing approaches. The purpose of the paper is to identify similarities and differences in different terms used to describe information acquisition, relate them to and compare them with each other, but also to identify their underlying concepts and the course of events they represent. The approaches addressed include environmental scanning, business intelligence, and information management. The second paper is entitled Information use in strategic decision-making. This paper addresses the issue of information use in decisions characterized as strategic. The method employed is a case study, where four decisions are highlighted. By addressing questions such as: Why is information used? What kind of information does management use? How do they obtain it? And finally, where do they obtain it?, the study provides the reader with an insight into management information behavior when taking strategic decisions. The third paper, The influence of environmental scanning on innovation performance, addresses the question of weather or not those firms that are better at managing external information also are better innovators. Data were collected by means of a mail survey, and the results show that a positive relationship exists between environmental scanning and innovation performance. Moreover, sharing information across functions/departments as well as using environmental information in decision-making concerning new product/service development were also found to correlate positively with innovation performance. The results also show that firms that are skilful at collecting, sharing and making use of information when deciding on new products/services are those that exhibit the highest degree of innovation performance in comparison with others.

  • 110. Frishammar, Johan
    Characteristics in information processing approaches2002Ingår i: International Journal of Information Management, ISSN 0268-4012, E-ISSN 1873-4707, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 143-156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and compares different information processing approaches (terms). The purpose is to identify similarities and differences in the terms, relate them to and compare them with each other, but also to identify their underlying concepts and the course of events they represent. The terms or approaches addressed are Environmental scanning, Business, Competitive, Competitor, Market and Political intelligence, Marketing research and Information management. It was concluded that all approaches have a strong future orientation and strong ties to decision-making, and advocate that information is ennobled in one way or the other. The main differences lie in their focus, and in their scope.

  • 111. Frishammar, Johan
    Intelligence use in offensive and defensive strategic decision-making2002Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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