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  • 101.
    Bergquist, Bjarne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Networking to make improvements sustainable: an SME success factor?2009Ingår i: Proceedings 7th ANQ Congress Tokyo 2009, 2009, s. 522-531Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I mars 2008 beslutade tre svenska mindre företag att öka takten i sitt förbättringsarbete och anställde gemensamt en förbättringskonsult på heltid. Detta dokument beskriver företagens arbete och presenterar resultat från en undersökning baserad på Ajzen's teori om planerat beteende, riktad till samtliga anställda och genomförd efter nio månader. Resultaten visar att arbetstagarnas avsikt att genomföra förbättringsarbete var korrelerade med tron på den egna förmågan att utföra förbättringsarbete, och med ledningens normer. Således kan nyckeln till ett framgångsrikt förbättringsarbete för dessa företag ses ligga i att ha en engagerad ledning och erbjuda anställda utbildning och handledning.

  • 102.
    Bergquist, Bjarne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Testing for motivation to engage in improvements: a conceptual framework and an initial empirical test2014Ingår i: Total quality management and business excellence (Online), ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 25, nr 11-12, s. 1224-1235Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to develop a conceptual framework for testing the motivation to engage in improvement work. The framework is based on Ajzen's theory of planned behavior (TPB), that we suggest can be used to facilitate the implementation of improvement programmes. By using the model and probing intentions, attitudes, norms and perceived ability related to improvement work, we believe hindrances for implementation of improvement programmes will be exposed. When operationalising the framework we developed a survey instrument based on TPB and then made an initial empirical test by distributing it to 124 employees (response rate 67%) of three manufacturing small- and medium-sized enterprises. Factor analysis and regression were used to analyse the survey and follow-up interviews with employees and managers were used to validate the results. This initial test of the instrument showed that it has sound measurement properties, indicated by clear factor structure and good internal consistency. Interview data also validated that the instrument was able to capture important aspects related to implementation of improvement work. Based on the result, we conclude that TPB may be useful for guiding management actions. However, since our study only draws on a limited empirical sample, future research is needed to test the contextual validity.

  • 103.
    Bergquist, Bjarne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Testing for willingness to engage in improvement work2011Ingår i: Quality Innovation Knowledge: 10th International Research Conference on Quality, Innovation and Knowledge, Monash University , 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 104.
    Bergquist, Bjarne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Wiklund, Pia Sandvik
    Strengthening the student's role in the work with quality improvement and innovation in higher education2002Ingår i: Quality, innovation, knowledge: conference proceedings / [ed] Amrik Sohal; Richard Cooney, 2002Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    CD-ROM

  • 105.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Bergquist, Bjarne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Klefsjö, Bengt
    Creating social change in a municipality using a Total Quality Management approach2009Ingår i: Total quality management and business excellence (Online), ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 20, nr 12, s. 1375-1393Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel beskriver ett projekt som gemensamt startades av medborgare, handel och myndigheter i Jokkmokk för att skapa en positiv samhällsutveckling baserad på offensiv kvalitetsutvecklings grundläggande värderingar. Projektet löpte under två år, och även ett parallellt arbete i Mansfield, Storbritannien ingick i projektet. Detta dokument beskriver enbart Jokkmokkdelen av projektet. Utvärderingen av projektet är baserad på enkäter och intervjuer som analyserats med hjälp av Soft Systems Methodology. Analysen visar att de flesta tillfrågade tyckte att projektet lyckats förändra attityden hos folket i Jokkmokk och skapa värdefulla nätverk. Projektets målsättning var också att skapa delaktighet för medborgarna och många aktiviteter riktade sig att låta medborgarna utveckla och generera idéer och delta i samhällets verksamhet och beslutsfattande. Utvärderingen visade att ledare och politiker i Jokkmokk inte var redo för det använda projektets underifrånperspektiv. Analysen understryker också vikten av att kommunicera uppdraget och projektets mål. Mot bakgrund av den korta projekttiden anser vi att betydande och värdefulla lärdomar, såväl positiva som negativa, kan dras utifrån ett samhällsutvecklingsperspektiv.

  • 106.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Styvén, Maria Ek
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Engström, Anne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    CASE 7: Smart Growth MeMo: A business model tool for mobile services2011Ingår i: Meeting the challenges of Europe 2020: The Transformative Power of Service Innovation : Case studies collected by the expert panel on service innovation in the EU, Europe Innova , 2011, s. 12-12Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 107. Berthon, Pierre
    et al.
    Fischer, Katrin
    Department of Marketing, Bentley University.
    DesAutels, Philip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    From mummers to new media: captivity, liberation, and the church of life after shopping2011Ingår i: Journal of Public Affairs, ISSN 1472-3891, E-ISSN 1479-1854, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 181-187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the rise of new media, it is easy to overlook, not only old media but also mummery-the arcane medium of the flesh-street performances, stage shows, plays, and carnivals. In this paper, we look at the case of Reverend Billy and the Church of Life After Shopping. We begin by re-introducing the term 'mummer' as a traditional medium of expression and conceptually locate it relative to both old and new media. We then provide a brief introduction to captivity narrative studies, specifically looking at the role of humor in providing aesthetic freedom in incarceration. Reverend Billy and the Church of Life After Shopping serve as our case study to show how humor can be used to liberate citizens' thinking around the three Cs of American political ideology: church, capitalism, and consumption; and to highlight how Reverend adroitly integrates the medium mummery, old media, and new media into a unified whole to free consumers from the dominant ideology of US political interlocution. We conclude by offering ways to extend and elaborate upon this research. Mummery Captivity studies New media

  • 108.
    Berthon, Pierre
    et al.
    Bentley University Waltham.
    Pitt, Leyland
    Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.
    Campbell, Colin
    Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.
    Steyn, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    (Un)believable blogs: Blogs, Skepticism and Product Reviews2010Ingår i: New Directions, New Insights: Conference Proceedings, GFA 2010, Fourth German-French-Austrian Conference on Quantitative Marketing, Vienna, September 16-18, 2010, s. 85-86Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Blogs (short for "web logs") are websites, owned and written by individuals ("bloggers"). While most blogs serve merely as a way for individuals to record and report their thoughts and activities and have little commercial or organizational impact whatsoever, a smaller number enable those with more expertise to commentate on advanced and specialized phenomena, subjects, industries, products, and services. In doing so they reach very large audiences and become very influential. Blogs have become important marketing communication devices in recent years, because, used effectively, they can be very helpful relationship management tools. Blogger credibility in particular is of crucial importance from a communication perspective -recent research has demonstrated strongly that blogger credibility plays a positive role in relational trust. It begins to answer the issue: to what extent are readers skeptical about the content of blogs? This is an important question, because, if general skepticism is low, then blogs will prove to be effective ways of communicating with broad publics. If it is high, then marketing communicators need to factor this into their use of blogs as tools of communication and persuasion. In this research, a scale to measure advertising skepticism (STA) is adapted to a blogging context. Belief in a communication is a function of the both the source of that communication (source credibility) and the specific content of the communication (content credibility). Because the STA scale focuses primarily on the informational aspect of advertising, we integrate this into a more generalizable causal model of skepticism toward blogging. We argue that an individual's overall skepticism toward blogs impacts on their skepticism toward the information contained in blogs, and the extent to which they believe blogs are credible. This in turn influences the frequency with which they then read blogs. This structure is then tested empirically.

  • 109.
    Berthon, Pierre
    et al.
    McCallum School of Business, Bentley University.
    Pitt, Leyland
    Simon Fraser University.
    Halvorson, Wade
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Ewing, Michael
    Monash University, Melbourne, VIC.
    Crittenden, Victoria L.
    Carroll School of Management, Boston College.
    Advocating avatars: the salesperson in second life2010Ingår i: Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, ISSN 0885-3134, E-ISSN 1557-7813, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 195-208Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactive digital media are revolutionizing the marketing landscape. The virtual world is a dominant player in this new panorama, with exchanges in the virtual marketplace approaching $2 billion annually. While virtual, like real world, exchanges require buyers and sellers, there is little or no understanding of this disembodied sales process. The current study seeks to address this gap in knowledge by employing an ethnographic methodology in which researchers incarnate in Second Life to explore the personal selling process. Specifically, the various notions of the "self" that constitute the avatar salesperson are explored. Findings from this exploratory study suggest a relationship between the nature of the self and the type of exchange. From this, a conceptual model for the study of the virtual selling self is presented, propositions developed, and managerial implications for the virtual sales force suggested. © 2010 PSE National Educational Foundation

  • 110. Berthon, Pierre
    et al.
    Pitt, Leyland
    Nel, Deon
    Deakin University, Melbourne.
    Salehi-Sangari, Esmail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Engström, Anne
    The biotechnology and marketing interface: functional integration using mechanistic and holographic responses to environmental turbulence2008Ingår i: Journal of Commercial Biotechnology, ISSN 1462-8732, E-ISSN 1478-565X, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 213-224Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper serves to specify and ground research into interfunctional integration in a wider theoretical context with particular reference to the interaction between technology and marketing in the biotechnology sphere. The general and specific problem areas are specified as those of interfunctional relations and the dyadic relationship between marketing and biotechnical managerial functions in particular. The contextual/organisational generative mechanisms that are likely to keep interfunctional relations at the centre of scholarly attention for some time are explored from the perspective of cybernetic theory. The law of requisite variety states that in an effective open system environmental variety is matched by internal structural variety. As organisations are faced with ever more turbulent, and complex environments, this must be matched by an increased internal complexity within the organisation. The two modes of response, namely holographic and mechanistic, both highlight the need to further our understanding of interfunctional differences. Having established the problem and its genesis, a specific research agenda is outlined as the exploration of the interfunctional differences from a decision-making perspective.

  • 111.
    Berthon, Pierre
    et al.
    Bentley University, Waltham.
    Pitt, Leyland
    imon Fraser University, Vancouver.
    Parent, Michael
    Segal Graduate School of Business, Simon Fraser University.
    Berthon, Jean-Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aesthetics and ephemerality: observing and preserving the luxury brand2009Ingår i: California Management Review, ISSN 0008-1256, E-ISSN 2162-8564, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 45-66Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While luxury brands are one of the most profitable and fastest growing segments of the brand pantheon, they are the least understood. There is no established definition as to what a luxury brand is; no clear understanding of the value dimensionality of luxury brands; and no rigorous conceptualization of the different types of luxury brands. They are generally treated as homogenous. Little wonder the management of these brands is shrouded in mystery. This article explores the value dimensionality of luxury brands, differentiates among luxury brands, and proposes a typology to help firms understand the managerial implications and challenges of each type. All luxury brands are not the same-they can mean different things to different people or even different things to the same people, which makes target marketing of luxury brands both difficult and important. This also means that they react differently to each other both in times of economic prosperity and in downturns. This article also explores strategies for migrating mass-market brands into luxury brand markets.

  • 112.
    Bevelander, Dianne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam.
    Who is engaging with whom?: Internationalizing opportunities for business schools in emerging economies2012Ingår i: International Journal of Educational Management, ISSN 0951-354X, E-ISSN 1758-6518, Vol. 26, nr 7, s. 646-663Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the globalization of Business Schools and presents different strategies, issues and perspectives on how and why business schools are going global. This article explores various models for globalization, contrasts and integrates them, and then presents an approach to globalization that is within the reach of these smaller and less endowed schools. Design/methodology/approach - This paper reviews relevant literature and an analysis of exchange programs amongst the world’s leading business schools. Different aspects of the globalization of management education are discussed including internationalizing the curriculum, globalizing research agendas, and the impact of globalized competition. Findings - A framework has been developed that can be employed by business schools – especially in emerging economies – to internationalize themselves through their education and research programs. Recommendations are made for how business schools with limited resources can meet the challenge of offering the internationally oriented education experience increasingly demanded by employers and students alike.Research limitations/implications - Limitations to this paper results from the use of Financial Times top one-hundred ranked business schools. Aside from weaknesses inherent the rankings methodology, the choice of these business schools excluded hundreds of high quality business schools around the world – many of which are internationally recognized for quality. Furthermore the methodology of the scanning of websites of schools for types of collaboration agreements across borders might not give the full picture of agreements betweens schools. Practical implications - Originality/value - Although a considerable amount has been written about the globalization imperative facing business schools (with many illustrations of what could be considered best practice), there is a significant lack of information when it comes to the articulation of strategies and implementation challenges facing smaller and less well endowed business schools that want to globalize.

  • 113.
    Bevelander, Dianne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Page, M.J.
    Bentley University.
    Ms Trust: Gender, networks and trust: Implications for management and education2011Ingår i: Academy of Management Learning & Education, ISSN 1537-260X, E-ISSN 1944-9585, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 623-642Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite knowing how important social capital is and despite the fact that so much time, money, and attention is given to raising the status of women in managerial ranks, women have yet to achieve anything like equal status at the top level of organizational hierarchies. One factor that has received limited attention in the literature is that of differences in the way men and women network and that the way women network might not only disadvantage their own professional career progression but put other women at a disadvantage as well. This study explores this phenomenon and specifically looks at how social network size varies with level of trust between parties.

  • 114.
    Bigi, Alessandro
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Plangge, Kirk
    Simon Fraser University, Segal Graduate School of Business, Vancouver.
    Bonera, Michelle
    Universita Degli Studi di Brescia, Dipartimento di Economia Aziendale.
    Campbell, Colin L.
    Monash University, Faculty of Business and Economics, Caulfield East, Victoria.
    When satire is serious: How political cartoons impact a country's brand2011Ingår i: Journal of Public Affairs, ISSN 1472-3891, E-ISSN 1479-1854, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 148-155Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the case of Italy's Mr. Berlusconi's indiscretions and the effect his scandals have played in the decline of the Italian national brand. National brands are the perceived added value that international consumers place on that country and its products and services. An analysis of recent political cartoons will provide insight into international attitudes regarding Mr. Berlusconi's political and social actions. From this investigation, the authors conclude that a country's political leader's negative image and reputation can have a large negative impact on national brand equity abroad.

  • 115.
    Birk, Wolfgang
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Hostettler, Roland
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Lundberg Nordenvaad, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Eliasson, Jens
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Gylling, Arne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Delsing, Jerker
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Osipov, Evgeny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Mäkitaavola, Henrik
    Project: iRoad2011Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 116.
    Björkman, Torsten
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Klefsjö, Bengt
    Lindgren, Antony
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Svensson, Magnus
    Fredriksson, Maria
    Johansson, Jan
    Lindell, Mats
    Olsson, Marita
    Utvärderingen av KY: delbetänkande1999Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 117.
    Blair, Amanda J.
    et al.
    Industrial Economics & Management, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.
    Atasanova, Christina
    Beedie School of Business, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby.
    Pitt, Leyland F.
    Beedie School of Business, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.
    Chan, Anthony
    Beedie School of Business, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby.
    Wallström, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Assessing brand equity in the luxury wine market by exploiting tastemaker scores2017Ingår i: Journal of Product & Brand Management, ISSN 1061-0421, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 447-452Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Calculating brand equity, the price differential that a branded product is able to charge compared to an unbranded equivalent, often suffers from a lack of a means to truly determine equivalence. Luxury wines have the benefit of an established measure of equivalency – the Parker score. Robert Parker’s influence as a tastemaker provides a point of comparison across brands. This study looks at brand equity of Bordeaux classified growth wines considering château brands, growths and vintages to illustrate the intangible value for the consumer.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Using price and wine-specific data from Wine-Searcher.com, an online database and search engine, an initial sample of 393 wines with Parker scores ranging from 72 to 100 is presented. A subset of perfect wines, with 100-point Parker scores, is also reviewed focusing on the great vintage of 2009.

    Findings

    The results indicate that brand equity in the luxury wine market exists. Not only is this true for the brand of a specific château, but there is also equity associated with the vintage and the growth.

    Practical implications

    This offers practical implications for brand managers in positioning their wines.

    Originality/value

    An analysis of luxury wines supports the financial perspective on brand equity, especially when there is a viable means of determining equivalence, such as the Parker score.

  • 118.
    Blecken, Godecke-Tobias
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Rentz, Ralf
    Malmgren, Charlotte
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Öhlander, Björn
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Stormwater impact on urban waterways in a cold climate: variations in sediment metal concentrations due to untreated snowmelt discharge2012Ingår i: Journal of Soils and Sediments, ISSN 1439-0108, E-ISSN 1614-7480, Vol. 12, nr 5, s. 758-773Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Stormwater discharges include contaminated sediments that accumulate in the receiving water body. It is thus important to investigate sediment and pollutant processes and pathways from the catchment to, and within, the receiving water. These processes may be influenced by seasonal changes. The objective of this study was to investigate the stormwater impact on receiving waters in the Luleå area, Northern Sweden; seasonal changes in contamination loads in the receiving waters due to snowmelt; and factors influencing the pollutant pathways in the receiving waters. Materials and methods: In front of three storm sewer outlets in Luleå, samples of bottom sediment (surface layer 0-2 cm) were collected from the connecting ditches and the downstream water body in autumn and spring (before and after the snow season 2009/2010). The characteristics of the receiving waters differed in geomorphology and vegetation. The sediment was analyzed for loss-on-ignition (LOI), grain size, and bulk concentrations of SiO 2, Al 2O 3, CaO, Fe 2O 3, MnO, Na 2O, P 2O 5, TiO 2, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, S, V, and Zn. The sediment contamination was compared to concentrations at a reference point in Luleå where the bottom sediment was not affected by stormwater discharges and with Swedish environmental quality guidelines. Pearson's correlation and a principal component analysis were used to further evaluate the results. Results and discussion: Relative to the reference point, elevated trace metal concentrations were detected in sediments at all three sampling stations. At two of the stations, seasonal variations in ditch sediment grain size, LOI, and contaminant concentrations were observed, originating from stormwater sediment. Snowmelt runoff caused an increased proportion of fine-grained sediment fractions (<0.063 mm) in spring, mainly due to changes in runoff intensity and high sediment loads in the snowmelt runoff. The retention of metals appeared to be due to low turbulence in the water and the presence of organic material. Conclusions: Stormwater discharge affected the contaminant concentrations in the bottom sediments. The observed seasonal variation of contaminants indicated that relatively high amounts of contaminants are discharged during snowmelt and then reallocated within the receiving water body, either directly or after some temporal retention, depending on the characteristics of the receiving water. A calm water column and the presence of organic material in the receiving water body were crucial for the retention of metals

  • 119.
    Block, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Ahmadi, Alireza
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Tyrberg, Tommy
    Logistics Analysis and Fleet Monitoring, Saab Support and Services, Linköping.
    Söderholm, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Part-out-based spares provisioning management: A military aviation maintenance case study2014Ingår i: Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, ISSN 1355-2511, E-ISSN 1758-7832, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 76-95Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the prerequisites for a part-out-based spares provisioning (PBSP) programme during the phase-out of an aircraft fleet. Furthermore, associated key decision criteria are identified and a framework for the phase-out management process is presented. Design/methodology/approach – Once a decision has been taken to phase-out an aircraft fleet, a number of routines for operations, maintenance and storage are affected and new tasks and functions must be introduced before initiating the actual parting-out process. A decision-making system and a management framework is needed to manage spares planning during the end-of-life phase to ensure availability at minimum cost and to ensure a manageable risk of backorders. Findings – For PBSP programme during the phase-out of an aircraft fleet to succeed and be cost-effective, a number of linked processes, tasks and decisions are required, e.g., those included in the framework proposed in this paper (see Figure 3). A successful implementation of PBSP also requires that these processes and tasks are carried out in a timely manner and that the communications between the concerned parties are prompt, clear and direct. One experience from the studied case is that close and trustful contacts and cooperation between the operator and maintenance provider(s) will greatly facilitate the process. Originality/value – Although the PBSP method is fairly commonly applied within both the military and the civilian sector, somewhat surprisingly very literature has been published on the subject. Indeed, remarkably little has been published on any aspects of maintenance during the end-of-life period.

  • 120.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Levihn, Fabian
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    The strategic agenda of corporate Europe: sustainability or not?2015Ingår i: The Sustainable Global Marketplace: Proceedings of the 2011 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference / [ed] Mary Conway, Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2015, s. 307-309Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Businesses are entering into a period of transformation, where winners and losers may be separated according to their ability to succeed in a carbon-constrained world. CEO’s vision is vital for accelerating the response to this transformation. We examined CEO letters in order to understand the strategic importance of this issue to CEOs.

  • 121.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Levihn, Fabian
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    The strategic agenda of corporate Europe: sustainability or not?2011Ingår i: The Sustainable Global Marketplace: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Academy of Marketing Science, Coral Gables, FL USA May 24-27, 2011 / [ed] Mary Conway, The Academy of Marketing Science, 2011, s. 307-309Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Businesses are entering into a period of transformation, where winners and losers may be separated according to their ability to succeed in a carbon-constrained world. CEO’s vision is vital for accelerating the response to this transformation. We examined CEO letters in order to understand the strategic importance of this issue to CEOs.

  • 122.
    Blomkvist, Marita
    et al.
    School of Business, Economics and Law at the University of Gothenburg.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. Halmstad University.
    Rodgers, Waymond
    Business school at University of Texas el Paso & Hull University Business School.
    Examining Entrepreneurs' Knowledge Based View of the Firm: lnfluencing financial information in innovative activities2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 123.
    Boroumand, L.
    et al.
    Isfahan University of Medical Science.
    Aghdasi, M
    Tarbiat Modares University.
    Albadvi, A
    Tarbiat Modares University.
    Jamshidian, M
    Isfahan University, I. R. of Iran.
    Perzon, Håkan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Service failure-recovery in online shops in Iran2008Ingår i: Iranian Journal of Information Science and Technology, ISSN 1726-8125, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 61-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Present article focuses on service failure and recovery in the online shops in Iran. The article investigates interaction between service failure and online shops readiness for service recovery and resulting impact on customer reaction. The data was collected by an e-questionnaire from 615 Iranian online shoppers. The findings suggest, although many online shops are severely breaching few fundamental business principles, defection is not happening as vast as in other similar studies. Furthermore, winning the customers back via service recovery seems to be depended rather on the process than the outcome of service recovery, which is very similar to the findings of another study in Chinese environment. Discussion of the findings suggests the researchers and managers to be conscious of the possible impact of the culture and environment on customer's responses to service failure and service recovery states.

  • 124.
    Botha, E.
    et al.
    University of Cape Town.
    Farshid, Mana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Pitt, Leyland
    Segal Graduate School of Business, Simon Fraser University.
    How sociable?: An exploratory study of university brand visibility in social media2011Ingår i: South African Journal of Business Management, ISSN 0378-9098, Vol. 42, nr 2, s. 43-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has changed both the way in which organizations and their brands interact with their customers and the way in which business gets done. Brands are attempting to utilize social media to reach existing customers, gain new ones and build or maintain credibility and reputation. More importantly, brands need to measure their visibility in the most popular social media relative to that of competitors. This study describes a tool for collecting brand visibility information by looking at the visibility of various South African university brands and their relative positioning from a social media perspective. Correspondence analysis is then used to portray the various university brands in a multi-dimensional space so that they can be contrasted with each other in terms of their visibility in social media. The findings indicate that South African university brands are not distinctly positioned in social media and that none of them seems to currently have a concerted strategy for engaging its stakeholders in a particular social media. This means that there are both opportunities for those who manage these brands, and also threats to these institutions for taking a laissez fair attitude to social media in these times when social media are coming to dominate the Internet in particular and media in general.

  • 125.
    Botha, E.
    et al.
    School of Management Studies, University of Cape Town.
    Lillford, Neil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Pitt, Leyland F.
    Beedie School of Business Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.
    South African management literature over the past fifteen years: Content analysis of the three top South African management journals2011Ingår i: South African Journal of Business Management, ISSN 0378-9098, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 89-98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analysed 15 years, from 1996 to 2010, of research published in the three leading South African business management journals. The three journals chosen were the South African Journal of Business Management, the South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences and Management Dynamics. Content analysis was used to compare five broad themes in the journals: firstly the nature of authorship was examined, and then the most published as well as most prolific authors were identified. Thirdly, the most prominent universities and departments were identified whereafter the research themes and disciplines of the articles and authors were analysed. Lastly, various manuscript characteristics were investigated. This article provides a clear picture of the evolution of South African management literature over the past fifteen years

  • 126.
    Bououd, Ikram
    et al.
    Institut Supérieur de Gestion Gabès, Tunisia.
    Rouis, Sana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Boughzala, Imed
    Telecom Ecole de Management, Institut Mines-Telecom, Evry, France.
    Makhlouf, Mohamed
    Department of Operations Management and Information Systems, KEDGE Business School, Talence, France.
    Impact of object manipulation, customization and social loafing on competencies management in 3D Virtual Worlds2016Ingår i: Information Systems Frontiers, ISSN 1387-3326, E-ISSN 1572-9419, Vol. 18, nr 6, s. 1191-1203Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    3D Virtual Worlds (VW) are rich and promising collaboration tools limitedly introduced to support competence management, yet, extensively used to enhance knowledge sharing (KS) and support knowledge application (KA). Nevertheless, KS and KA represent a challenging medium to leverage individual as well as organization’s competencies. Characterized by a realistic visual dimension in representing work environment and a growing capacity of simulation, 3D platforms facilitate and value competence formation. Present study analyzes role of 3D VW technology unique characteristics (i.e. object manipulation and avatar and 3D environment customization) and specific personal character social loafing, on competencies acquisition. Individual performance and organizational performance were measured to assess individual and organizational competences. Answers from 144 users of 3D VWs were analyzed. Results show that social loafing has significant negative effect on knowledge sharing. Customization and object manipulation have significant, yet small moderating effect on 3D VW technology use and knowledge sharing. KS subsequent effect on KA, individual and organizational competencies are significant. Limitations and new research directions are presented.

  • 127.
    Bourmistrov, Anatoli
    et al.
    Nord University Business School.
    Dybtsyna, Elena
    Nord University Business School.
    Hersinger, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Middleton, Alexandra
    Oulu University Business School.
    Policies for the High North and Research Collaboration: A Comparison of Finland, Norway and Sweden2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 128.
    Brander, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    A heuristic for cyclic lot scheduling with sequence-dependent setups2005Ingår i: Special issue for the 17th triennial conference of IFORS, Hawaii, July, 2005: the 17th triennial conference of the International Federation of Operational Research Societies, held in Honolulu, Hawaii from 11 to 15 July 2005 / [ed] Janny Leung, Oxford: Blackwell Munksgaard, 2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of scheduling the production of multiple items on a single facility with constrained capacity. Only one item can be produced at a time, i.e. the Economic Lot Scheduling Problem. We assume sequence-dependent setups and present a heuristic for determination of cyclic schedules for this problem.

  • 129.
    Brander, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Cyclic lot scheduling with sequence-dependent setups2005Ingår i: Special issue for the 17th triennial conference of IFORS, Hawaii, July, 2005: : the 17th triennial conference of the International Federation of Operational Research Societies, held in Honolulu, Hawaii from 11 to 15 July 2005 / [ed] Janny Leung, Oxford: Blackwell Munksgaard, 2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of scheduling the production of multiple items on a single facility with constrained capacity. Only one item can be produced at a time, i.e. the Economic Lot Scheduling Problem. We assume sequence-dependent setups and present a heuristic for determination of cyclic schedules for this problem.

  • 130.
    Brander, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Essays on lot scheduling in production and disassembly2004Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This Licentiate Thesis is concerned with the lot scheduling of multiple items on a single facility, both in production and disassembly. The thesis contains an introductory overview and four research papers, entitled: I. Lot Sizes in a Capacity Constrained Facility – A simulation Study of Stationary Stochastic Demand II. Determination of Safety Stocks for Cyclic Schedules III. Lot Scheduling in a Disassembly Factory IV. Cyclic Lot Scheduling with Sequence-dependent Setups: A Heuristic for Disassembly Processes In paper I, the applicability of two deterministic lot sizing-procedures is tested in a simulation study when demands are stochastic. The paper shows that a deterministic model can be used in a practical situation where the demand rate is stationary stochastic, but the models must be complemented by a decision rule; which item to produce and when to produce it. Paper II develops a planning and control model for determination of safety stocks for cyclic schedules, both with and without idle time. The paper shows how the variance in demand during lead time can be estimated, which is used for determination of safety stocks and order-up-to levels. For systems with idle time, a control model for the decision to produce next item or idle the facility is presented. Paper III is an introduction to lot scheduling in disassembly processes. The performance of two different lot scheduling policies for the disassembly of multiple items is tested in a simulation study when setup times are sequence-dependent. It is concluded that cyclic schedules are preferable in disassembly processes with sequence-dependent setup times. In paper IV, a lot scheduling heuristic for disassembly processes with sequence-dependent setups is developed. The heuristic determines disassembly frequencies and the profitable use of the facility and results in a cyclic schedule.

  • 131.
    Brander, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Inventory control and scheduling problems in a single-machine multi-item system2005Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling behandlar lagerstyrning vid samordnad beordring av olika produkter. Specifikt behandlas system där flertalet produkter hanteras i en och samma anläggning men endast en åt gången. Dessa system är vanligt förekommande i praktiken. Tillämpningsområden är exempelvis tillverkning av papper, plast och livsmedel liksom vid stansning, pressning, tryckning, paketering samt kemisk tillverkning. I sådana processer är det vanligt att använda cyklisk planering. Avhandlingen omfattar en inledande del och fem artiklar. Två av dessa utvecklar modeller för framtagande av cykliska scheman vid sekvensberoende omställningar. Den första artikeln behandlar ett system där returprodukter demonteras. I detta fall antas ställkostnaden vara proportionell mot ställtiden. Modellen resulterar i frekvenser, ledig tid samt sekvensen i vilken produkterna ska demonteras. Den andra artikeln behandlar produktion och antar att ställkostnaden inte är proportionell mot ställtiden. Modellen som presenteras resulterar även här i frekvenser, ledig tid samt sekvensen i vilken produkterna ska produceras. Dessa båda artiklar antar att miljön är deterministisk. De efterföljande tre artiklarna behandlar stokastiska miljöer och presenterar planerings- och styrningsmodeller att användas i sådana miljöer. En artikel testar deterministiska modeller för beräkning av orderkvantitieter vid stokastisk efterfrågan i en simuleringsstudie. Denna artikel utvecklar också en beslutsmodell för vilken produkt som ska tillverkas samt när den ska tillverkas. De återstående två artiklarna utvecklar modeller för bestämmande av säkerhetslager och beställa-upp-till nivåer när produkter tillverkas i en bestämd cyklisk sekvens. Modellerna kan användas när efterfrågan, operationstider och/eller ställtider är stokastiska. Artiklarna i denna avhandling kan kombineras på olika sätt och täcker då en mängd olika verksamheter och praktiska applikationer. Praktiker inom området för produktionsplanering och lagerstyrning får därmed modeller för planering och styrning av system där flertalet produkter hanteras i en och samma maskin. Modellerna implementeras förslagsvis i datoriserade affärssystem hos tillverkande företag.

  • 132.
    Brander, Pär
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Sekvensberoende ställtiders betydelse vid demontering2003Ingår i: Produktionslogistik 2003: effektivt flöde från leverantör till kund : artiklar från PLAN:s forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens i Luleå 28-29 augusti 2003 / [ed] Anders Segerstedt; Torbjörn Wiberg, Luleå och Stockholm: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2003, s. 207-222Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 133.
    Brander, Pär
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Forsberg, Rolf
    Cyclic lot scheduling with sequence-dependent set-ups: a heuristic for disassembly processes2005Ingår i: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 295-310Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of material and product recovery is steadily increasing, mainly due to customer expectations and take-back obligations. Disassembly is a major operation in material and product recovery, since returned products are often disassembled to separate materials and components. The paper considers the problem of scheduling several items on a single disassembly facility. It develops a cyclic lot-scheduling heuristic for disassembly processes with sequence- dependent set-ups, resulting in disassembly frequencies for the items. Additionally, the way the problem is formulated allows calculation of the profitable use of the facility. The disassembly frequencies and the profitable use of the facility are used to create a cyclic schedule.

  • 134.
    Brander, Pär
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Forsberg, Rolf
    Cyclic lot scheduling with stochastic demands: a heuristic with safety stocks2004Ingår i: Preprints: Thirteenth International Working Seminar on Production Economics, 2004, Vol. 1, s. 69-89Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers the problem of scheduling the production of multiple items, each with random demand, on a single facility. We show how the variance in demand during lead time can be estimated and present a model for determination of safety stocks and order-up-to levels for a fixed cyclic sequence, both with and without idle time. For systems with idle time, we present a control model to make the decision to produce next item in sequence or idle the facility. The performance of the model is tested in a simulation study.

  • 135.
    Brander, Pär
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Forsberg, Rolf
    Determination of safety stocks for cyclic schedules with stochastic demands2006Ingår i: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 104, nr 2, s. 271-295Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers the problem of scheduling the production of multiple items, each with random demand, on a single facility. We show how the variance in demand during lead time can be estimated and present a model for determination of safety stocks and order-up-to levels for a fixed cyclic sequence, both with and without idle time. For systems with idle time, we present a control model to make the decision to produce next item in sequence or idle the facility. The performance of the model is tested in a simulation study.

  • 136.
    Brander, Pär
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Karlsson, Stefan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industrial Organisation.
    Production planning for products with complex product structure2002Ingår i: Preprints, International Working Seminar on Production Economics, 2002Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The major difficulties when dealing with complex products are long lead times that require long planning horizons and also that there are dependent demands and multiplicative effects on the ingoing items in the products. Small disturbances on high level can in the end give considerable problems on low level. This paper shows an example of the difficulties with handling complex products with long lead times and suggests a four step decision model to get smoother production planning, mainly by simplifying the product structure. The decision model includes the following steps:1. The first step is to re-design the product in order to simplify it. 2. Next step is to identify the critical path and the cumulative lead-time by sketching a dynamic bill of material. 3. After the dynamic bill of material is sketched, the possibilities to shorten some lead times on the critical path should be analysed. Outsourcing of parts of the production or creating a "plant within a plant" configuration can reduce lead times. Reduced batch-sizes on specific items along the critical path can also be a way to do this. 4. When all possible lead times are reduced it is time to decide which planning method to use.

  • 137.
    Brander, Pär
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Levén, Erik
    Segerstedt, Anders
    Lot sizes in a capacity constrained facility: a simulation study of stationary stochastic demand2004Ingår i: Proceedings of the Twelth International Symposium on Inventories: [... held in Budapest, Hungary on August 20 - 25, 2002] / [ed] Attila Chikan, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 138. Brander, Pär
    et al.
    Levén, Erik
    Segerstedt, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Lot sizes in a capacity constrained facility: a simulation study of stationary stochastic demand2005Ingår i: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 93-94, nr Spec. issue, s. 375-386Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers the scheduling of several different items on a single machine, in literature known as the economic lot scheduling problem, ELSP. One of the characteristics of this problem is that the demand rate is deterministic and constant. However, in a practical situation demand usually varies. In this paper we examine if a deterministic model can be used if demand is stationary stochastic. A dynamic programming approach from Bomberger (Manage. Sci. 12(11) (1966) 778) and a heuristic method from Segerstedt (Int. J. Production Econom. 59(1–3) (1999) 469) are used to calculate lot sizes for four items. The production of these items is simulated with different variations in demand rates. Our conclusion is that a deterministic model of this kind can be used in a practical situation where the demand rate is stationary stochastic, but the models must be complemented by a decision rule; which item to produce and when to produce it. In our tests the heuristic method and the dynamic programming approach perform rather similarly with respect to costs and inventory levels, but the dynamic programming approach results in more backorders when there is small variation in demand rates. This study indicates that the model used for determination of lot sizes is of less importance than the decision rule used for identification of the item to produce and when to produce it.

  • 139. Brander, Pär
    et al.
    Segerstedt, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Economic lot scheduling problems incorporating a cost of using the production facility2009Ingår i: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 47, nr 13, s. 3611-3624Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers scheduling the production of several different items on a single machine with constrained capacity, commonly known as the Economic Lot Scheduling Problem (ELSP). Most traditional approaches for the ELSP consider the sum of the setup cost and inventory holding cost and provide cyclic schedules that minimize this sum. In practice, there are not only costs for setups and inventory holding, but also costs for operating the production facility due to e.g. electricity, service, maintenance, tools, operators etc, which depend on the number of hours the facility is operating per working day. In this paper, we modify the traditional cost function to include not only setup and inventory holding cost but also a time variable cost for operating the production facility. The paper shows it is possible to adapt a previous heuristic procedure to this complemented cost. The model can help to determine cyclic schedules and the number of production hours per working day.

  • 140. Brander, Pär
    et al.
    Segerstedt, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Economic lot scheduling problems with a time-varying facility cost2006Ingår i: Proceedings, Igls 2006, 2006, Vol. 1, s. 51-60Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 141.
    Brander, Pär
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Sommer-Dittrich, Thomas
    Lot scheduling in disassembly processes2003Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to environmental and legislative reasons, the importance of recycling is steadily increasing. Ecologically harmless recycling of used technical products is or will become mandatory for their producers. New policies focus on closed loops where old products are disassembled, parts are reused, and materials recycled. A collaborative research center in Germany designs prototypical disassembly facilities by systematic research of disassembly processes. In the context of this collaborative research project, lot scheduling in a disassembly-process is investigated. The investigated process is characterized by sequence-dependent set-up times and random returns. The purpose with this paper is to develop a lot scheduling policy to be used for planning the disassembly of different products in a disassembly factory. Two different policies are introduced, one inventory policy disassembling the item with the momentarily highest inventory level. The other policy is cyclical, disassembling the items in a determined sequence that minimises the total set-up time. A simulation study establishes that the cyclical policy results in lower inventories as well as more idle time than the inventory policy. The benefit of using a cyclical policy increases with an increased variation of the set-up times.

  • 142.
    Brattström, Anna
    et al.
    Sten K Johnson Centre for Entrepreneurship, Lund University.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Richtnér, Anders
    Stockholm School of Economics .
    Pfluger, Dane
    HEC, Paris .
    Can innovation be measured?: A framework of how measurement of innovation engages attention in firms2018Ingår i: Journal of engineering and technology management, ISSN 0923-4748, E-ISSN 1879-1719, Vol. 48, s. 64-75Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many firms manage the innovation process by using metrics. Yet, whether measurement supports or hinders innovation continues to be a topic of debate. To shed new light on this debate, this paper presents a conceptual framework of how measurement engages attention in firms. We draw on attention based theory and conceptualize innovation measurement as an attention-focusing device. We identify two ideal types of measurement practices. i) Directional Measurement: which is based on few and unidirectional metrics and encourages exploitative innovation efforts. ii) Conversational Measurement: which is based on multiple and ambiguous metrics and encourages exploration. We extend theory building in the technology and accounting literatures by theorizing the role of metrics and measurement for attention and by discussing the implications of such attentional engagement for innovation performance. In so doing, we engage closely with the managerial task of managing innovation while simplifying its conditions, thereby providing actionable advice.

  • 143.
    Brown, Terrence
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    An Evaluation of Crowdsourcing as a Tool  for Marketing Activities2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Advances in technology and social media have facilitated the rapid development of crowdsourcing as an innovative tool within the field of marketing. This has driven researchers to investigate more deeply the phenomenon of crowdsourcing as a marketing innovation. The overall purpose of this thesis is expressed as: To explore and describe the use of crowdsourcing within the field of marketing. More specifically, the primary purpose of the thesis is to understand better - How crowdsourcing can be used as a marketing tool. This thesis aims to illuminate the gap in the extant marketing literature by reviewing current academic knowledge surrounding crowdsourcing and marketing.  The use of the crowd as a marketing tool is growing primarily because of the advent of the Internet; however, as technology continues to advance the possibilities, challenges and side effects of crowdsourcing also change. These also need to be investigated continually. More specifically as digital marketing moves from a Web 2.0 environment to a Web 3.0 environment there will be new opportunities as well as pitfalls. As a result, new and relevant marketing problems exist at the nexus of crowdsourcing and marketing.

    The research problem is sub-divided into the following four research questions:

    • RQ1:  To what extent are crowdfunding platforms accessible to organizations as a marketing channel and, if so, what role can these platforms play?
    • RQ2:  How will the shift from Web 2.0 (and active-user input) to Web 3.0

    (and passive-data/sensor–based input) impact the new opportunities/product development process?

    • RQ3:  How can user-generated content help firms make strategic decisions about new business opportunities?
    • RQ4:  How is the evolution of crowdsourcing impacting information externalities and consumer privacy and how is this impacting marketing?

     This research is further divided into two sections. The first part investigates marketing activities specifically new opportunities/product development, advertising and promotion, and marketing research. The second section focuses on one of the possible repercussions of crowdsourcing in the marketing process. Most research on crowdsourcing focuses on the first section (i.e., the marketing activities) and how crowdsourcing is a positive marketing tool. Much less research aims its attention on the consequences and/or potential negative aspects of crowdsourcing.

    This thesis consists of two published papers and two studies. Each project handles one of research questions. The first two papers and the first study focus on three marketing activities (i.e., advertising, promotion and sales, new product and service development, and market research). The second study focuses on one of the possible consequences of the growth of crowdsourcing as a tool in the marketing process.

    While each paper and study has its own individual contributions, the overall contribution of this study is multi-fold. First, it develops a definition of crowdsourcing as: a tool or process by which the firm can increase or expand the resources to which it has access to by using the collective effort of a group of individuals or organizations. Second, as a result of these four research projects, crowdsourcing can further be seen as a situational, contextual and flexible tool that can be used in many different organizational contexts. The specific context for this thesis is marketing and as a result, crowdsourcing can play a wide variety of marketing roles.

  • 144.
    Brown, Terrence
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Leveraging user-generated content for demand-side strategyManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The industrial context of this study is the hospitality industry, specifically the restaurant business. The hospitality industry has two essential characteristics that make this study valuable. Firstly, with the related travel and tourism industries, the three businesses make up the world's largest industry in the service sector. Secondly, consumers in these industries have been at the forefront of creating and using comment and reviews (i.e., user-generated content (UGC)) to make their purchasing decisions.

    Additionally, the demand-side view of strategy is under-researched, especially in the areas of tourism, travel, and hospitality when viewed against the predominant perspectives in strategic management (e.g., resource-based view, transaction-cost economics, positioning, and dynamic capabilities) are supply-side views.

    Using the tools available today it is possible to scrape and mine the websites, blogs, forums, communities and other places customers gather and use content analysis techniques to extract meaning from the content. Web 2.0 sources of qualitative data like blogs, forums, feedback (i.e., UGC) can offer better research material than offline traditional qualitative diaries. As a result, using crowdsourced, user-generated content may be a productive marketing research approach to investigate how demand-side strategic decision-making can be supported in the travel, tourism, and hospitality industries.

  • 145.
    Brown, Terrence
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Sensor-based entrepreneurship: A framework for developing new products and services2017Ingår i: Business Horizons, ISSN 0007-6813, E-ISSN 1873-6068, Vol. 60, nr 6, s. 819-830Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As the Internet of Things (IoT) begins to dominate the technology landscape, there will be new products and services that will become technically and financially feasible. Internet technologies and advancements in social interaction tools have led to an increase in the use of the crowd as a provider of business solutions. Yet, we have seen a mere fraction of the possibilities of crowdsourcing technologies. This is because most of the development, discussion, and research around crowdsourcing has focused on active-input crowdsourcing. However, the real transformative pressure will come from passive sources of data generated primarily by developing and growing sensor technologies. This next generation of crowdsourcing will be a game changer for entrepreneurial opportunities. As crowdsourcing systems proliferate, more input will be acquired from sensors, artificial intelligence, bots, and other devices. As a result of this explosion, the variety of product and service opportunities will swell as entrepreneurs become more aware of technologies merging—such as the combination of crowdsourcing, sensors, and big data into a new type of entrepreneurship: sensor-based entrepreneurship. The purpose of this research is to contribute by (1) clarifying the next generation of crowdsourcing and (2) developing and presenting a framework to help sensor-based entrepreneurs plan, develop, and map their new products and services.

  • 146.
    Brown, Terrence
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. School of Industrial Engineering and Management, Royal Institute of Technology.
    Abduljabbar, Meyser
    School of Industrial Engineering and Management, Royal Institute of Technology.
    Englund, Stefan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Treen, Emily
    Beedie School of Businss, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.
    Twenty-five years and counting: an analysis of the Journal of Strategic Marketing2018Ingår i: Journal of Strategic Marketing, ISSN 0965-254X, E-ISSN 1466-4488, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 125-139Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a content analysis of the Journal of Strategic Marketing (JSM) over 24 years from the journal’s inception in 1993 to 2017. No similar attempt on an analysis of JSM has been found. Analyses were completed to examine how the journal has developed and to uncover relevant information for editors, reviewers, researchers and future authors of JSM by analysing research themes, author and manuscript characteristics, and citation metrics. The findings reveal an increase in multi-authored articles, an increase in empirical research and in the internationalization of researchers. These and other factors illuminate sources and implications of the journal’s current state. The relevance of these findings is discussed as it pertains to the future success and publishing opportunities in the Journal of Strategic Marketing.

  • 147.
    Brown, Terrence
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Boon, Edward
    School of Business and Technology, Webster University Geneva, Bellevue.
    Pitt, Leyland F.
    Beedie School of Business, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.
    Seeking funding in order to sell: Crowdfunding as a marketing tool2017Ingår i: Business Horizons, ISSN 0007-6813, E-ISSN 1873-6068, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 189-195Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Websites such as Indiegogo and Kickstarter have attracted much attention for their ability to enable organizations and individuals to raise funds from ordinary people who contribute for a number of reasons. This phenomenon is called crowdfunding. Crowdfunding permits organizations and individuals to obtain investments they otherwise might not receive from more traditional sources such as banks, angel investors, and stock markets. A number of now well-known startups had their origins in crowdfunding. More recently, established organizations have begun to use crowdfunding websites not only as a source of finance, but also as marketing platforms. In this way, they have been able to ensure a ready market for their new offerings, with full sales pipelines, and to use the platforms as vehicles to boost brand image and gain support for brand-related causes. This adaptation of crowdfunding for marketing purposes is not without its problems, however, and organizations would be well advised to consider not only the opportunities these platforms provide, but also their limitations and risks.

  • 148.
    Brunsson, Nils
    et al.
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Hallén, Lars
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Hjorth, Daniel
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Hägg, Ingemund
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Jonnergård, Karin
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Sevón, Guje
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm.
    Fel att låta lärosäten utvärdera sig själva2015Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 149.
    Brunsson, Nils
    et al.
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Hallén, Lars
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Hjorth, Daniel
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Hägg, Ingemund
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Jonnergård, Karin
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Sevón, Guje
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm.
    Utvärderingarnas legitimitet hotas2015Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 150.
    Bröchner, Jan
    et al.
    Organization of Construction, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Technology Management and Organization, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Camén, Carolina
    Service Research Center (CTF), Karlstad University.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Chalmers University of Technology, Luleå tekniska universitet, Chalmers tekniska högskola, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Department of Technology Management and Organization, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Quality and legal aspects in public care procurement2016Ingår i: The TQM Journal, ISSN 1754-2731, E-ISSN 1754-274X, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 648-663Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to assess the applicability of care quality concepts as contract award criteria for public procurement of health and social care, using the case of Sweden. Design/methodology/approach– Based on a literature review, European and Swedish legal texts, government regulations as well as 26 Swedish court review cases concerning care procurement have been analysedFindings– Methods used for assessing care quality are seldom useful for predicting the quality to be delivered by a potential contractor. Legal principles of transparency and equal treatment of tenderers make it necessary to apply strict requirements for verification. Research limitations/implications– Results refer primarily to a Swedish context but could be applicable throughout the EU. Further studies of relations between award criteria and public/private collaborative practices for improving care quality during contractual periods are desirable. Practical implications– Local and regional procurement officials should benefit from a better understanding of how quality criteria should be designed and applied to the award procedures for care contracts. Care providers in the private sector would also be able to develop their quality strategies and present their abilities more efficiently when tendering for public contracts. Social implications– Issues of quality of health and social care are of obvious importance for social sustainability. Public awareness of care quality problems is evident and often a cause of media concern. Originality/value– This investigation pinpoints the difference between traditional care quality thinking and the legal principles underlying contract award in public procurement of care services.

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