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  • 1301. Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Eriksson, Jessica
    Umeå universitet.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Control or comply: the interplay of firm-level cooperative strategies and network-level opportunism when estimating innovation performance in strategic networks2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 1302.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Holmgren, Maria Magdalena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Board composition and firm performance: a test of the upper echelon perspective of entrepreneurship, innovation and competitiveness2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Principal TopicThe role and influence of board composition on firm performance and development has been extensively debated over the last decades. In 1984, Hambrick and Mason published their seminal work introducing the perspective of upper echelons. This perspective suggests that the demographic characteristics of firm boards may exert influence over firm performance since the demographics are associated with many cognitive bases, values, and perceptions thatguide and direct board members decision-making and functions. Several studies have found empirical results supporting these arguments and have further developed the conceptual reasoning for a relationship between upper echelon characteristics and firm performance. However, the wide array of theoretical underpinnings and perspectives combined with diverse empirical evidence has presented further questions over time in relation to how board composition influences firm performance and entrepreneurial levels in firms.In an attempt to address these questions, we model and test the relationship between board composition and firm performance and entrepreneurial levels. We propose a set of hypotheses that suggest that board composition can influence the potential of the boards to support effective monitoring and that composition also have influence of the human and relational capital of the boards. Overall, we suggest that board monitoring and board capital mediates the relationship between board composition and firm performance.MethodThe hypotheses were tested in a three year longitudinal data set including full responses from a sample of 296 firms drawn from a population of Swedish firms. In total were 1167 firms surveyed in the study and approximate 25% responded with completed surveys for the time period. A structural equation modeling approach including mediation models and control for lagged effects were adopted to perform tests.In the light of previous findings, we examine the relationship of both subjective and objective measures of firm performance and we also include longitudinal data to account for potential lagged effects. Besides examining board composition influence over traditional measures of performance, we examine how board composition influences firm levels of entrepreneurial orientation and innovation as well.In doing this we include a set of competing models where board composition variables are hypothesized to influence firm performance and entrepreneurial levels through board functions as board monitoring and board capital. Nested model tests are adopted to determine mediation and to decide how competing models and theories work in predicting firm performance through board composition.Results and ImplicationsResults indicate that board composition exerts influences over both firm performance and entrepreneurial levels in the studied firms. Overall, board composition both influences the firms’ ability to exert effective monitoring and contribute with human and relational capital to the firm that in turn are vital areas for the firms in order to perform well. The study has implications for entrepreneurship as it shows the importance of board composition upon firm performance and entrepreneurial levels. The study also contributes to current debates in upper echelon literature by including models of how the relationship between board composition and firm performance is mediated by board functions in terms of board monitoring and board capital. The study includes competing models and tests arguments from alternative theories when examining the role of board composition.

  • 1303.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Holmgren, Maria Magdalena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Krueger, Norris
    Entrepreneurship Northwest.
    Regional innovation and development: a latent growth model of regional innovation determinants2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose arguments supporting regional innovation to be dependent upon the simultaneous influence of movement of citizens and the industry structure within the region. Our hypotheses state that regions with a high industry concentration gain relatively more from individuals moving in respectively out from the region compared to regions with a low industry concentration. We tested our model and hypotheses on a four year longitudinal data from official registers on the complete population of 290 Swedish municipalities. Results support that regions with a high industry concentration gain innovation activity from increases in both in- and outflows of citizens from the region. Results on regions with a low industry concentration are inconclusive but indicate, in support of our arguments, that such regions gain relatively more from stability (i.e., low movement) in the region.

  • 1304.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Johansson, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    An evaluation of InternetBay 2005-01-01 - 2005-12-312006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1305.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Johansson, Johan
    The role of motive congruence in strategic networks2007Ingår i: The first Nordic innovation research conference - Finnkampen / [ed] Harri Haapasalo; Päivi Iskanius, Oulu: University of Oulu, 2007, s. 242-251Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on thoughts from literature on organizational fit, this study focuses on understanding why some firms gain more from network participation than others. We hypothesize that firms performance from participating in networks is dependent on network motive congruence and that this relationship is moderated by entrepreneurial orientation. Analysis of 55 organizations from two networks supports the role of  network motive congruence for internally oriented motives, such as concerning economies of scales and joint research and development motives. However, motive congruence appears not as important in matters of externally oriented motives, such as entering new markets or sustaining existing market positions. Findings indicate that entrepreneurial orientation can moderate the relationship between network motive congruence and networking performance.

  • 1306.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Liljedahl, Mats
    Interactive Institute, Sonic Studio, Acusticum.
    Immersion and gameplay experience: a contingency framework2010Ingår i: International Journal of Computer Games Technology, ISSN 1687-7047, E-ISSN 1687-7055Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of the relationship between immersion and gameplay experience is investigated, focusing primarily on the literature related to flow. In particular, this paper proposes that immersion and gameplay experience are conceptually different, but empirically positively related through mechanisms related to flow. Furthermore, this study examines gamers' characteristics to determine the influence between immersion and gameplay experiences. The study involves 48 observations in one game setting. Regression analyses including tests for moderation and simple slope analysis are used to reveal gamers' age, experience, and understanding of the game, which moderate the relationship between immersion and gameplay experience. The results suggest that immersion is more positive for gameplay experience when the gamer lacks experience and understanding of the game as well as when the gamer is relatively older. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed at length in the paper.

  • 1307.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Masli, Eryadi K.
    Rahman, Sheikh F.
    Selvarajah, Christopher
    Determinants of capital structure in new ventures: Evidence from Swedish longitudinal data2006Ingår i: Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1084-9467, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 277-296Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The early years are seen as a crucial period for the survival of ventures and yet only a limited number of studies have focused on successful new ventures when studying capital structure. Furthermore, only a few studies have included longitudinal data, tracking ventures over time, or have elaborated on the difference between short-term and long-term debt ratios when studying capital structure. In this paper, hypotheses are developed, based on capital structure theories and literature on new venture financing, and are tested on longitudinal empirical data. Results of multivariate analysis, through structural equation modeling, reveals that: (1) asset structure assists in explaining the variance in capital structure; (2) explained variance in dependent variables is decreasing for each of the four years studied; and (3) multi-group analysis reveals that the determinants influence short-term and long-term debt differently in the first four years of venture existence. Implications of this study suggest that determinants of capital structure in new ventures require theorizing of its own and demand special attention in entrepreneurial policy-making.

  • 1308. Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    A study of role stress consequences2006Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1309.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Are we ready to question causality in role stress research?2009Ingår i: Handbook of Stress: Causes, Effects and Control, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009, s. 442-445Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1310.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Editorial: Entrepreneurs under pressure : The tensions and dark sides of entrepreneurial life2012Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 4, nr 4, s. 237-329Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarly studies, as well as policy makers, have for a long time put entrepreneurs as of great importance for bringing growth and occupation to society. Most studies have subsequently researched success and the road to success (i.e. positive consequences of entrepreneurship) by studying a host of factors related to strategy formulation, influence of environment, growth intentions, motivation, together with competence and experience levels among entrepreneurs. Still, we know that the success is often not obtained without sacrifices and strong commitment. Many entrepreneurs can witness that the road to success is not without obstacles and that establishing a new venture can be extremely hard work. Signs of to large sacrifices would be burn-out syndromes, tension, depression, extensive conflicts between work and family, and increasing sick leave. It is not that surprising that these issues have not received so much attention thus far in entrepreneurship studies. Despite this, we know that the costs for disablement and other negative consequences can be high. There are a number of stakeholders (for instance, employees, investors, banks, and society) besides the entrepreneurs that can suffer significantly if the entrepreneurs make too large a sacrifice or fail to establish and organise a venture around a spotted opportunity. As a response, this special issue invites studies focusing on the existence of threats and pressures in entrepreneurial life, focusing on tensions and darker sides related to opportunity recognition and exploitation. While doing so, the special issue does not exclude positive consequences. On the contrary, studies aiming to reveal the tensions between positive and negative consequences of entrepreneurship are strongly encouraged.

  • 1311.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Extending the stressor-strain perspective: A review and elaboration of the possibility to reverse causality in role stress models2011Ingår i: Role of stress in psychological disorders, Hauppauge, N.Y: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011, s. 113-128Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the current state of role stress research has to a large extent determined significant consequences, we highlight that the field do not acknowledge the complexity of role relationships, especially occasions of reverse causality. In opening a dialogue, we discuss the possibility to an extension of the stressor-strain paradigm, that is the dominant perspective in role stress research, from explaining linear causal chains of detrimental consequences of role stress to instead researching reversed causality relationships with alternatives theories. Although we concur with previous findings, we elaborate upon the fact that what have long been indicated as important consequences of role stress may also be antecedents to role stress. This paper examines theoretical implications of questioning causality, review typical causal role stress models and outline some method implications for using a cross-lagged design for researching reversed causality of the current role stress consequences

  • 1312. Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Extending the stressor-strain perspective: a review and elaboration of the possibility to reverse causality in role stress models2010Ingår i: International Journal of Psychology Research, ISSN 1098-4127, Vol. 5, nr 1/2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the current state of role stress research has to a large extent determined significant consequences, we highlight that the field do not acknowledge the complexity of role relationships, especially occasions of reverse causality. In opening a dialogue, we discuss the possibility to an extension of the stressor-strain paradigm, that is the dominant perspective in role stress research, from explaining linear causal chains of detrimental consequences of role stress to instead researching reversed causality relationships with alternatives theories. Although we concur with previous findings, we elaborate upon the fact that what have long been indicated as important consequences of role stress may also be antecedents to role stress. This paper examines theoretical implications of questioning causality, review typical causal role stress models and outline some method implications for using a cross-lagged design for researching reversed causality of the current role stress consequences.

  • 1313.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Gender differences in entrepreneur role withdrawal2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 1314.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Prominent consequences of role stress: a meta-analytic review2006Ingår i: International Journal of Stress Management, ISSN 1072-5245, E-ISSN 1573-3424, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 399-422Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Role stress has received a lot of research attention in psychological, sociological, and organizational studies over the last several decades. Based on a literature review of about 300 journal articles, this article examines prominent consequences of role stress. Specific focus is on researching differences in relationships between facets of role stress (i.e., role ambiguity, role conflict, and role overload) and frequently cited consequences using techniques of meta-analysis. Findings indicate that each role stress facet has a different relationship with the eight consequences studied. Role stress research can benefit from looking at each facet individually in addition to role stress generally

  • 1315. Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Role stress, exhaustion, and satisfaction: a cross-lagged structural equation modeling approach supporting Hobfoll's loss spirals2010Ingår i: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, ISSN 0021-9029, E-ISSN 1559-1816, Vol. 40, nr 6, s. 1357-1384Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study applies Hobfoll's notion of loss spirals to argue for a reciprocal relationship between role stress and 2 of its most commonly studied consequences: exhaustion and satisfaction. By means of structural equation modeling and a cross-lagged design of 116 business managers, the researchers found support for a relationship between role stress and exhaustion. They also found that satisfaction influences role stress, a relationship that the existing literature has not examined. The study contributes a more complex understanding of the relationship between role stress and its modeled outcomes than has been achieved previously.

  • 1316.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    The spiral of loss: on reciprocal causality in role stress research2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 1317.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    When critical mass can become a mess: a contingency model of regional innovation dynamics2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A common argument for why some regions perform relatively worse in developing innovations is that they lack sufficient critical mass to compete relative other regions in the development of knowledge-economy innovations and business models. In this study we examine the relationship between population size and regional innovation and also influence from regional contingencies. We test hypotheses using data from official registers related to a population of Swedish municipalities (n=290) over a five year period. We adopted a lagged hierarchical regression technique with a population-averaged negative binomial estimation model where we controlled for the dependent variable at t-1. Results support a non-linear, inverted u-shape, relationship between critical mass and regional innovation. Further, results also suggest that the regional level of education support can mitigate the negative effects of a too large population.

  • 1318.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Öqvist, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Of Blind Men and Elephants in Social Support Research: The Moderated Mediation Effect of Social Support on Role Stress and Role Performance2017Ingår i: International Journal of Psychology Research, E-ISSN 1932-6092, Vol. 11, nr 3-4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 1319.
    Škec, Stanko
    et al.
    Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Cash, Philip
    Department of Management Engineering, Technology Innovation Management, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Štorga, Mario
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design. University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineeirng and Naval Architecture.
    A dynamic approach to real-time performance measurement in design projects2017Ingår i: Journal of engineering design (Print), ISSN 0954-4828, E-ISSN 1466-1837, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 255-286Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent developments in engineering design management point to the need for more dynamic, fine-grain measurement approaches able to deal with multi-dimensional, cross-level process performance in product design. Thus, this paper proposes a new approach to the measurement and management of individual and teamwork performance in engineering design projects. This integrates multiple, previously disparate, aspects of design management and performance measurement theory in a single framework. Further, a fully realised performance measurement approach is developed, which complements existing management strategies. This framework is synthesised from an extensive review and illustrated via an in-depth case study. As such, this work contributes to performance measurement theory in engineering design and has significant implications for both engineering design research and industry.

  • 1320.
    Škec, Stanko
    et al.
    University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering & Naval Architecture.
    Štorga, Mario
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Tečec Ribarić, Zlatka
    KONČAR Electrical Engineering Institute, Inc..
    Work Sampling of Product Development Activities2016Ingår i: Technical Gazette, ISSN 1330-3651, E-ISSN 1848-6339, Vol. 23, nr 6, s. 1547-1554Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For effective management of development projects, it is necessary to take into consideration its socio-technical perspective – working processes, teamwork and features of the working environment. Data gathering about socio-technical aspects of the product development activities is often hampered by constraints of the actual working environment in R&D organizations. For that reason, to support practical data collection, the work sampling application for mobile phones has been introduced. The work sampling application consists of sequence of input screens with predefined input menus enabling data gathering about different aspects of the product development activity (such as work type, activity type, context, participants, execution manner, information transaction and motivation). For validation of the proposed application, the empirical study was carried out in the company whose research and development activities are focused on the systems for the generation, distribution and transformation of electrical energy.

24252627 1301 - 1320 av 1320
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
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