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  • 151.
    Elragal, Ahmed
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Hassanien, Hossam El-Din
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Augmenting Advanced Analytics into Enterprise Systems: A Focus on Post-Implementation Activities2019Inngår i: Systems, E-ISSN 2079-8954, Vol. 7, nr 2, artikkel-id 31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An analytics-empowered enterprise system looks to many organizations to be a far-fetched target, owing to the vast amounts of factors that need to be controlled across the implementation lifecycle activities, especially during usage and maintenance phases. On the other hand, advanced analytics techniques such as machine learning and data mining have been strongly present in academic as well as industrial arenas through robust classification and prediction. Correspondingly, this paper is set out to address a methodological approach that works on tackling post-live implementation activities, focusing on employing advanced analytics techniques to detect (business process) problems, find and recommend a solution to them, and confirm the solution. The objective is to make enterprise systems self-moderated by reducing the reliance on vendor support. The paper will profile an advanced analytics engine architecture fitted on top of an enterprise system to demonstrate the approach. Employing an advanced analytics engine has the potential to support post-implementation activities. Our research is innovative in two ways: (1) it enables enterprise systems to become self-moderated and increase their availability; and (2) the IT artifact i.e., the analytics engine, has the potential to solve other problems and be used by other systems, e.g., HRIS. This paper is beneficial to businesses implementing enterprise systems. It highlights how enterprise systems could be safeguarded from retirement caused by post-implementation problems.

  • 152.
    Elragal, Ahmed
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Klischewski, Ralf
    German University in Cairo (GUC).
    Theory-driven or Process-driven Prediction?: Epistemological Challenges of Big Data Analytics2017Inngår i: Journal of Big Data, E-ISSN 2196-1115, Vol. 4, nr 1, artikkel-id 19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most scientists are accustomed to make predictions based on consolidated and accepted theories pertaining to the domain of prediction. However, nowadays big data analytics (BDA) is able to deliver predictions based on executing a sequence of data processing while seemingly abstaining from being theoretically informed about the subject matter. This paper discusses how to deal with the shift from theory-driven to process-driven prediction through analyzing the BDA steps and identifying the epistemological challenges and various needs of theoretically informing BDA throughout data acquisition, preprocessing, analysis, and interpretation. We suggest a theory-driven guidance for the BDA process including acquisition, pre-processing, analytics and interpretation. That is, we propose—in association with these BDA process steps—a lightweight theory-driven approach in order to safeguard the analytics process from epistemological pitfalls. This study may serve as a guideline for researchers and practitioners to consider while conducting future big data analytics.

  • 153.
    Elragal, Ahmed
    et al.
    German University in Cairo (GUC).
    Kommos, Malak El
    German University in Cairo (GUC).
    In-house versus In-cloud ERP systems: A comparative study2012Inngår i: Innovation Vision 2020: Sustainable growth, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Development - Proceedings of the 19th International Business Information Management Association Conference, International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), 2012, Vol. 2, s. 605-616Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a framework for comparison between the implementation of ERP systems in-house versus the in-cloud implementations. The paper first establishes a framework for the comparison based on three factors: pre-live i.e., the implementation methodologies of both options, post-live i.e., cost, time, and the user-friendliness of the systems, and third is other factors i.e., security and scalability. Results show that in-cloud systems are faster to implement, less costly and easier to use, and they are scalable. Inhouse system, compare to in-cloud, give organizations more control and hence they seems to be more secure to many organizations

  • 154.
    Elragal, Ahmed
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Päivärinta, Tero
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Opening Digital Archives and Collections With Emerging Data Analytics Technology: A Research Agenda2017Inngår i: Tidsskriftet Arkiv, ISSN 1891-8107, E-ISSN 1891-8107, Vol. 8, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the public sector, the EU legislation requires preservation and opening of increasing amounts of heterogeneous digital information that should be utilized by citizens and businesses. While technologies such as big data analytics (BDA) have emerged, opening of digital archives and collections at a large scale is in its infancy. Opening archives and collections involve also particular requirements for recognizing and managing issues of privacy and digital rights. As well, ensuring the sustainability of the opened materials and economical appraisal of digital materials for preservation require robust digital preservation practices. We need to proceed beyond the state-of-the-art in opening digital archives and collections through the means of emerging big data analytics and validating a novel concept for analytics which then enables delivering of knowledge for citizens and the society. We set out an agenda for using BDA as our strategy for research and enquiry and for demonstrating the benefit of BDA for opening digital archives by civil servants and for citizens. That will –eventually -transform the preservation practices, and delivery and use opportunities of public digital archives. Our research agenda suggests a framework integrating four domains of inquiry, analytics-enhanced appraisal, analytics-prepared preservation, analytics-enhanced opening, and analytics-enhanced use, for utilizing the BDA technologies in the domain of digital archives and collections. The suggested framework and research agenda identifies initially particular BDA technologies to be utilized in each of the four domains, and contributes by highlighting a need for an integrated “public understanding of big data” in the domain of digital preservation.

  • 155.
    Elragal, Ahmed
    et al.
    Department of Business Informatics and Operations, German University in Cairo (GUC), Cairo.
    Raslan, Hisham
    Teradata Egypt.
    Analysis of trajectory data in support of traffic management: A data mining approach2014Inngår i: Advances in data mining: applications and theoretical aspects : 14th Industrial Conference, ICDM 2014, St. Petersburg, Russia, July 16-20, 2014. Proceedings / [ed] Petra Perner, Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2014, s. 174-188Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Huge amount of location and tracking data is gathered by location and tracking technologies, such as global positioning system (GPS) and global system for mobile communication (GSM) devices; leading to the collection of large spatiotemporal datasets and to the opportunity of discovering usable knowledge about movement behavior. Movement behavior can be extremely useful in many ways when applied, for example, in the domain of traffic management, planning metropolitan areas, mobile marketing, tourism, etc. In this research, we move towards this direction and propose a framework for finding trajectory patterns of frequent behaviors using GSM data. The research question is «how to use trajectory data analysis in support of solving traffic management problems utilizing data mining techniques?» Our framework is illustrated to explain how GSM data can provide accurate information about population movement behavior, and hence support traffic decisions. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

  • 156.
    Elrawy, Mohamed Faisal
    et al.
    Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, MUST University, 6th of October, Egypt; Institute of Public Administration, Abha, Asir, Saudi Arabia.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap. Faculty of Engineering, Al-Azhar University, Qena, P.O. Box 83513, Egypt.
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
    Intrusion detection systems for IoT-based smart environments: a survey2018Inngår i: Journal of Cloud Computing - Advances, Systems and Applications, ISSN 2192-113X, Vol. 7, nr 21, s. 1-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the goals of smart environments is to improve the quality of human life in terms of comfort and efficiency. The Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm has recently evolved into a technology for building smart environments. Security and privacy are considered key issues in any real-world smart environment based on the IoT model. The security vulnerabilities in IoT-based systems create security threats that affect smart environment applications. Thus, there is a crucial need for intrusion detection systems (IDSs) designed for IoT environments to mitigate IoT-related security attacks that exploit some of these security vulnerabilities. Due to the limited computing and storage capabilities of IoT devices and the specific protocols used, conventional IDSs may not be an option for IoT environments. This article presents a comprehensive survey of the latest IDSs designed for the IoT model, with a focus on the corresponding methods, features, and mechanisms. This article also provides deep insight into the IoT architecture, emerging security vulnerabilities, and their relation to the layers of the IoT architecture. This work demonstrates that despite previous studies regarding the design and implementation of IDSs for the IoT paradigm, developing efficient, reliable and robust IDSs for IoT-based smart environments is still a crucial task. Key considerations for the development of such IDSs are introduced as a future outlook at the end of this survey.

  • 157.
    Elrawy, Mohammed Faisal
    et al.
    MUST University, 6th of October.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Minia University, Egypt.
    Flow-based Features for a Robust Intrusion Detection System Targeting Mobile Traffic2016Inngår i: 23rd International Conference on Telecommunications (ICT): Thessaloniki, 16-18 May 2016, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2016, artikkel-id 7500483Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The security risks and threats that impact wired and wireless networks are now applicable to mobile telecommunication networks. Threat detection systems should be more intelligent because threats are becoming more dangerous. An intrusion detection system (IDS) is a potential network security solution for protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of user data and information resources. A fast and effective IDS for mobile networks that does not violate the user's privacy or the network's QoS is required. This paper offers a set of flow-based features that can be utilized for mobile network traffic as a prerequisite for a privacy-aware and QoS-robust IDS. The principal component analysis (PCA) method was used for reduction of the features. Twelve features in six groups, which represent the user data in mobile traffic, were extracted and evaluated for IDSs. The evaluation process achieved a F-measure weighted average equal to 0.834, and the experimental time was equal to 12.9 seconds. The accomplished measurements have demonstrated the applicability of the proposed set of features.

  • 158.
    El-Telbany, Ola
    et al.
    German University in Cairo (GUC).
    Elragal, Ahmed
    German University in Cairo (GUC).
    Decision 2.0: An exploratory case study2012Inngår i: 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: (HICSS 2012); Maui, Hawaii, USA, 4 - 7 January 2012 / [ed] Ralph H. Sprague, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, s. 432-443, artikkel-id 6148659Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of the Enterprise 2.0 technologies indicates that they can provide value to different types of users and potentially different types of value. Many published research explored what these E2.0 tools and applications can offer to organizations, such as collaboration platforms, social networking and user-created content, enhancing their productivity and management among employees. However, little research was devoted to study the effect these tools and applications have on the decision making process. Decision 2.0 has received little attention in literature, especially from the standpoint of making use of the "crowd". Therefore, this paper focuses on this research gap with a case study in an attempt to elucidate and extract knowledge to answer this question "How does decision 2.0 make use of the crowd to support the traditional decision making process and hence add value to organizations through collaboration and collective intelligence?"

  • 159.
    El-Telbany, Ola
    et al.
    German University in Cairo, Al-Tagamoa Al-Khames New Cairo City, Cairo .
    Elragal, Ahmed
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Gamification of Enterprise Systems: A Lifecycle Approach2017Inngår i: Procedia Computer Science, ISSN 1877-0509, E-ISSN 1877-0509, Vol. 121, s. 106-114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introducing an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system within an organization can bring many benefits and paybacks, yet an effective implementation of a fully functioning ERP system is still a challenge, the odds are high the costly investment might turn into an implementation failure or even lead to bankruptcy. To prevent such situations, organizations need to go through several changes, and carefully manage the critical success factors affecting each stage of the ERP implementation lifecycle, respectively. Previous studies have observed that the majority of the challenges faced during the implementation of ERP systems arise from social and organizational aspects rather than technical ones. This is where gamification comes to the rescue. This research adopts a design science paradigm in an attempt to develop a gamified process for the ERP lifecycle, to ease and enhance the ERP implementation process. The objective of this research is threefold. Firstly, to explore the benefits ERP systems can render via the gamification of the ERP lifecycle. Secondly, to pinpoint the ERP lifecycle phases that are most likely to benefit from gamification. Thirdly, to gamify these formerly identified phases; that were found to be mostly affected by gamification, and test for the impact of gamification on them.

  • 160.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Advanced engineering: How to sustain the ability for innovation operations2016Inngår i: Advanced Manufacturing and Automation V / [ed] Y. Wang; T. Yu; J.O. Strandhagen; K. Wang, Southhampton: WIT Press, 2016, s. 304-311Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 161.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Developing innovation for change: Enablers for sustainability2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 162.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Editorial: Special Issue on: "User Experience and Agile Innovation: A Future of Servitisation"2020Inngår i: International Journal of Product Development, ISSN 1477-9056, E-ISSN 1741-8178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 163.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Place innovation: using design thinking in live cases2016Inngår i: Proceedings of NordDesign 2016 / [ed] Boks, C; Sigurjonsson, J; Steinert, M; Vis, C; Wulvik, A, 2016, Vol. 2, s. 398-317Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents a study based on two views, i.e. innovation in teams of non-designers and live case interactions. This means that a diverse set of roles are involved in the innovation activities that originate from real regional situations. The application area relates to design and development of destinations, e.g. regions, tourism and attractive places. This study focuses on two main issues, namely (a) is it possible to make non-designers momentarily become design thinkers, and (b) is it possible to produce ideas and 'out-of-the-box' views in groups consisting of non-designers within a short timeframe? The purpose of this paper is thus to illustrate and explain these issues in order to contribute to a live case platform for collaborative innovation among society, trade and industry, and universities. The empirical data from four workshops, in total engaging 179 participants, shows that there are several challenges related to the efforts to transfer techniques and methods for design thinking and innovation into the heads and hands of non-designers. For example, trade and business can rarely allocate regular working hours for participatory design thinking, so they act based on traditional professional roles. Also, sessions turn into (unproductive) discussions if the participants are not firmly facilitated and encouraged. Bringing in live cases through the participation of mixed teams places additional requirements on innovation research in respect of implementation and packaging for practical uses.

  • 164.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Kaartinen, Heidi
    Centria Research & Development, Ylivieska.
    Solvang, Wei Deng
    Narvik University College, Industrial Engineering.
    SMEs’ challenges and needs in relation to innovation agendas and strategies2016Inngår i: 1st International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS 2016: 21 – 24 June 2016, UiT – The Arctic University of Norway, Narvik, Norway, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2016, s. 13-7Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional research project are, as is also regional industry, highly need-based. That is, understanding the stakeholders' (or customers') real challenges and related needs is important. This study is based on interviews with SMEs in the Northern parts of Finland, Norway and Sweden, but also on available innovation agendas and strategies for each country. The differences among the companies in those regions bring forward distinct needs, while many experience similar challenges, for example low population density, long distances and a high dependency on basic industries. Innovation is identified as a key driver of regional growth and competitiveness. SMEs rarely employ the term innovation to describe their activities, but rather stress 'knowing the customer' as important. This indicates one of the challenges to implement innovation strategy as a driver for growth and competitiveness

  • 165.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Engineering design research methodologies in Product-Service Systems: when the complex gets tough2017Inngår i: The 21th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17): 21-25 August 2017, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada : proceedings of ICED17 / [ed] Kim H.,Kokkolaras M.,Fadel G.,Van der Loos M.,Skec S.,Oehmen J.,Maier A.M.,Salustri F., The Design Society, 2017, Vol. 3, s. 351-258Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The research field of Product-Service Systems (PSS) emerged within the engineering design field to address sustainability and radically lower environmental impact from production and product use stages. PSS research has progressed insights of the industrial phenomena, but are often grounded in either product or service development, and the sustainability perspective had diminished over time. The deviation from what was intended might depend on research methodologies that do not meet the requirements of PSS multidisciplinary research. Some reflections of our research and craftsmanship are thus needed, which is also the purpose of this paper. PSS are used in the paper as a framework to highlight some of the facets of engineering design research activities. The paper suggests that multidisciplinary research has to manage different methodologies and different theories, this can be achieved if underlying assumptions are made transparent and if contradictions between those and the conclusions are discussed. Finally, the paper make an effort to encourage discussions about research methodologies to improve not only research but also implementation in industry.

  • 166.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Kaartinen, Heidi
    Centria university of applied sciences.
    Online innovation supports2018Inngår i: SIMS 2018: Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems, New York: IEEE, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Starting from interactions with SMEs from a number of different areas, this short paper addresses the challenges of turning hands-on practice into an online supports tool for innovation. The SMEs are found in the North of Finland and the North of Sweden, thus already facing challenges related to the sparsely populated areas. Yet, digitalization and online support may become one way to bridge distances as well as filling knowledge gaps between different domains. Nevertheless, the suggestion to transform practical know-how into an online tool that can be globally accessed and used is non-trivial. Thus, problematizing such ideas could progress these efforts.

  • 167.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    In search of innovation: grasping the concept of needs2006Inngår i: International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, ISSN 1832-3669, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 35-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting position for this paper is experiences in identifying needs. The paper discusses the concept of needs and seeks to explore whether needs, as a concept, can be identified and understood in the relevant literature. The discussion is inspired by both an engineering design perspective and an interaction design perspective of needs. The discussion highlights a duality of needs, needs are partly easy to express and partly difficult, even impossible, to express. Thus, to grasp the concept as a whole, it is necessary to adapt different approaches. Needs that are difficult to express are situated in the user's context and are experienced by the user as a perceived lack of satisfying solutions. The solution is not understood or known by the user. Therefore, needs cannot be easily expressed by the user; such needs have to be found. An interpretive approach adapted by the design team and/or the needfinder to understand the user's situation and to identify such needs is suggested.

  • 168.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Holmqvist, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Hammarberg, Kristin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Extern, LTU Business AB. Swedish ICT Interactive Institute, Piteå.
    The case of an innovation contest: Participatory design in a social context2016Inngår i: Proceedings of International Design Conference - Design 2016 / [ed] N. Bojcetic; D. Marjanovic; N. Pavkovic; M. Storga; S. Skec, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture , 2016, s. 967-974Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents measures for collaborative design in a social context. A number of challenges and implications are identified, and changes done to increase the innovativeness in the outcome are discussed and exemplified. The context is an innovation contest in which students, inhabitants, people in common and so on, freely signs up for participation. The competition's theme comes from a client, e.g. a company, organization or municipality. Besides a research approach originating from 2002, fourteen innovation competitions during 2014-2015 are the specific basis for the empirical data.

  • 169.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Project: Innovations & Industrial Internet2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Interreg Nord

  • 170.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Project: Making Regional Manufacturing Globally Competitive and Innovative2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    NPA – Target (Making Regional Manufacturing Globally Competitive and Innovative)This project will develop tools to enhance capacity of manufacturing companies in the NPA region to adapt and embrace new technologies and innovation. The toolbox developed will consist of subsets such as Digital manufacturing (robotics and simulation), New ideas and thinking (human centred and environmental thinking, competitiveness), Business models and modern Product innovation.

  • 171.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lugnet, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Kaartinen, Heidi
    Centria Research & Development.
    Pieskä, Sakari
    Centria Research & Development.
    Vähäsöyrinki, Jouni
    Centria Research & Development.
    Deng Solvang, Wei
    The arctic university of Norway.
    Sziebig, Gabor
    The arctic university of Norway.
    Yu, Hao
    The arctic university of Norway.
    Björk, Erlend
    The arctic university of Norway.
    Innovations & Industrial Internet2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Innovations and Industrial Internet project was formed with partners from Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, Centria University of Applied Sciences, Finland, and University of Tromsø, campus Narvik, Norway. The work has addressed an increase in small and medium sized enterprises’ competences of applying modern digital technology to benefit product- and service development in the region. Almost 40 companies have been keenly involved in the project’s activities, which have included, for example, case studies, demonstrations, workshops and seminars. The close academia and company collaborations has resulted in SMEs’ test and evaluation of new technologies, in turn leading to the implementation of new methods that were new to 16 of those companies.

    The project collaborations have resulted in 9 products and services that were new to the companies. A number of cross-border collaborations among companies and universities across the program region have been finalized, for example a case on 3D printing and boat production which involved all partners competences. The cross-border added value does not only encompass the open accessible milieu bringing all partners expertise together to benefit SMEs in the region, but it also identified and mitigated barriers between knowledge domains, like the ones occurring in value chain collaborations where digital solutions often dissolve some aspects of a problem while simultaneously cause new ones.

    The project has had a fairly good representation of females in leading positions since the project leader and one country’s leader are females, but also the female representation in activities has been good.

    The project has been nominated to the Regio Stars Award 2017.

  • 172.
    Erikshammar, Jarkko
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    The business model effect on collaborative product development in SME construction companies2010Inngår i: Ph.D. Research Workshop on Technology and Innovation in Construction: Held at Department of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, Porsön, Luleå, 29 September 2010 / [ed] Paul Chan; Ylva Sardén, 2010, s. 32-39Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The housing construction industry in Sweden is fragmented with few major actors dominating the housing market and several local or regional small and medium (SME) sized construction companies. This combined with the SME's lack of resources for knowledge consuming activities such as product development and innovations, creates a super competitive situation for the SME companies. Studies show that innovation and business model are tightly linked to each other. A business model that is robust can be used as foundation for innovation. The business model needs to define the market, partnerships, product attributes meeting market requirements and production parameters such as cost, time and quality, which are all necessary input for achieving product innovation.This paper investigates a SME construction company and its suppliers, initially linked by traditional working agreements, when developing a product collaboratively in order to gain increased market shares, This paper elaborates on whether developing the business model might be a possible key success area for SME construction companies, which might enhance their possibilities in offering a more competitive product to the market. The objective is to find a methodology that is applicable and workable for the SME´s in construction industry and to develop a framework for analysis. The work described in this paper aims at improving our understanding of the SME product development process.The result of the product development project has been a new design process with a business model that has longer contractual agreements rather than short term project procurement.

  • 173.
    Eriksson, Carina Ihlström
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Halmstad University.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Introduction to the co-creating innovations minitrack2016Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 174.
    Eriksson, Darek M.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    A framework for the modelling of tempo-spatial enterprise2007Inngår i: International Journal of Applied Systemic Studies, ISSN 1751-0589, E-ISSN 1751-0597, Vol. 1, nr 3, s. 231-247Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A framework for the modelling of enterprise operations is presented, aiming at enabling a conception of enterprise operations in three explicitly aligned perspectives: its what, or morphology; its when, or temporal position; its where, or spatial position. It is derived from the precepts of a General Systems Theory and its General Process Theory. The practical and empirical benefit of this framework is indicated by a real-life case, a so-called 'Transatlantic Shopping Process', where the models constructed enable management of complexities emerging from enterprise operations.

  • 175.
    Eriksson, Darek M.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    A principal exposition of Jean-Louis Le Moigne's systemic theory1997Inngår i: Cybernetics & Human Knowing, ISSN 0907-0877, E-ISSN 1756-6177, Vol. 4, nr 2-3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cette étude des fondements théoriques et épistémologiquse de la Modélisation Systémique, rédigée par un chercheur suédois pariculiérement actif au sein duProgramme européen MCX, Darek Eriksson, a été publiée en 1997, dans la Revue "Cybernetics and Human Knowing". Vol. 4 no. 2-3 1997. Le programme européen MCX remercie chaleureusement le rédacteur en chef et infatiguable animateur de la revue, Sören Brier http://www.flec.kvl.dk/sbr/index.htm et son éditeur (publisher) Ed. of Cybernetics & Human Knowing www.imprint.co.uk/C&HK, de nous autoriser confraternellement à publier ici la version intégrale de cet article original.

  • 176.
    Eriksson, Darek M.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    An application of the decision-information-operation system model1999Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The media provides frequent reports about organisations - both public and business - in crisis. These must re-organise themselves, often requiring the dismissal of employees in order to adapt to the emerging internal or external conditions. If they do not adapt, they do not survive. In order to help the adaptation process, science has developed several theories such as Contingency Theory and the Viable System Model. These are well established. On the other hand, the Decision-Information-Operation System model (DIOS- model) developed by Professor J.L. Le Moigne, is an alternative approach for a system's adaptation that is not as widely known. The present study aims to contribute with an application and evaluation. DIOS-model was applied to a medium-size business organisation experiencing a crisis and needing to adapt. The application has allowed us to evaluate - empirically and theoretically - Le Moigne's model and its foundations. The models that were developed based on the theory increased our understanding of the organisation under study. The conclusion is that the various components of DIOS-model should find their counterparts in social organisations and that their absence or inadequacy may lead to a poor organisational performance. Therefore, the model is a tool for helping organisations adapt to changing conditions. However, the study shows some important limitations of the theory. It requires further development and should not be used uncritically.

  • 177.
    Eriksson, Darek M.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Organization information system: extending organizational cognition through intelligent artifacts1996Inngår i: Cybernetics and systems, ISSN 0196-9722, E-ISSN 1087-6553, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 235-263Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of investigation is, What can intelligent artifacts mean to a command system? By means of a theoretical synthesis of previous works, the present work starts with an epistemological discussion focused on systems thinking. With the organization in focus, an extrospective approach is taken in which a global discussion results in some implications for the organizational system design. This system is considered as a sociotechnological system; consequently, the nature of systems (i.e., complexity) and the nature of human beings (i.e., parts of the systems and who are to be served by the artifacts) are discussed. The result argues that intelligent artifacts can extend the intelligent behavior of organizations. Examples of computer system architecture and software architecture are given.

  • 178.
    Eriksson, Darek M.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Phenomeno-semantic complexity: a proposal for an alternative notion of complexity as a foundation for the management of complexity in human affairs2007Inngår i: Emergence, ISSN 1521-3250, E-ISSN 1532-7000, Vol. 9, nr 1-2, s. 11-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a novel notion of complexity, derived from the process of semantic and syntactical transformation of message as communicated between sense-making actors. it distinguishes between complexity driven by syntactical transformation and that driven by semantic transformation. This last is also divided into first- and second-order transformation, the former relating to the observing system and the latter to the observed system of an inquiry. The proposed notion of complexity is juxtaposed with the mainstream notion of complex systems, typically understood as the interaction of adaptive agents governed by local rules, yet giving rise to novel unpredictable global behavior. The proposed notion of phenomenological semantic complexity is illustrated with some examples taken from real-life human affairs. The proposed and conventional notions of complexity are regarded as complementary, yet they require different research strategies; some suggestions for further research are therefore put forward here

  • 179.
    Eriksson, Darek M.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Postmodernity and systems science: An evaluation of J.-L. Le Moigne's contribution to the management of the present civilization1997Inngår i: Systemic Practice and Action Research, ISSN 1094-429X, E-ISSN 1573-9295, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 395-408Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this text, a French school of systems thought is evaluated with reference to its contribution to postmodernity. The main conclusion is that this system provides some pertinent contribution but that there are also some domains where it does not provide much help. Both these domains are identified and discussed. The text starts with a discussion of the postmodern challenge. This is followed by a presentation and critical evaluation of the theory under consideration. The latter gives rise to the Discussion and Conclusion.

  • 180.
    Eriksson, Darek M.
    et al.
    Växjö universitet.
    Mirijamdotter, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ten guidelines for the implementation of information systems: research in progress2008Inngår i: Proceedings of 31th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: Public systems in the future: possibilities, challenges and pitfalls / [ed] Viveca Asproth, Mittuniversitetet , 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports some preliminary research findings from an ongoing research program on the Successful Information Systems Implementation. A preliminary Model for Implementation of Information Systems (IS) is presented here in terms of ten precepts for IS-implementation. Its focus is on organizational and user aspects of an IS-implementation, where the objective is to secure that the users of the to-be IS will use the deployed IS as intended; hardware, software, and other aspects of the information technology itself are not accounted by this model. The key challenge addressed here is the many reported failures of IS-implementation as derived from organizational challenges rather than technology itself. The proposed model is framed within the so-called Organization Information System paradigm that regards an organization and its IS as one conceptual unit rather than considering it as an adjunct to the organization. Therefore, an IS-implementation is here contextualised within a process of organisational change. The core of the presented model is a mechanism of organizational change of an IS-implementation, called the "Effect-Behaviour-Resource-Influence Loop". In this, it is the Influence of the Resources - human and machines - that changes the Behaviour that in turn leads to the change of Effects, toward the desired state. Further, the proposed Model also provides three requirements of any organization to be subjected of an IS intervention; these are the "user Motivation", the "user Capability", and the "user Ability". The proposed model is an outcome of a set of case studies of IS-implementations, conducted in an Action Research mode. The key contribution of this model is its empirical experience and its comprehensive approach to an IS-implementation, rather than an analytical focusing on a few variables only. However, the proposed model is still in its hypothetical phase of theory development and needs both further cross-fertilisation with various theoretical bodies as well as additional empirical experience, where validations and modifications are made.

  • 181.
    Fagerström, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    IT-användning: en analysmodell för IT-nytta2003Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den möjliga IT-användningen har med tiden utökat sina domäner och det är i dag möjligt att använda tekniken som stöd för de flesta funktioner i en verksamhet. Frågan om ekonomisk avkastning och praktisk realisering av potentialen i tekniken är emellertid ifrågasatt och debatterad. I avhandlingen studeras IT-användning ur individperspektiv. Syftet har varit att analysera och förstå vilka faktorer som bidrar respektive motverkar upplevd IT-nytta. Analysen tar sin utgångspunkt i individerna som använder IT-systemen och i det arbete som utförs i verksamheten. I det empiriska underlaget ingår tre kvalitativt genomförda fallstudier, där faktorer som bidrar till IT-nytta undersökts med hjälp en analysmodell som utvecklats inom ramen för avhandlingsarbetet. I det empiriska underlaget ingår även en studie som belyser implementation och användning ur införarperspektiv. Förklaringar till upplevd nytta eller icke-nytta, den teoretiska referensramen, har varit områdena IT-strategier/IT-management, systemutveckling och systemförvaltning. Positivt verkande faktorer för IT-nytta är, enligt genomförda undersökningar, sådant som bidrar positivt till den egna effektiviteten och till utförandet av de egna arbetsuppgifterna. Negativt verkande faktorer är, när det uppfattas som obekvämt eller ologiskt att arbeta med systemen. Saknad funktionalitet upplevs också som en brist liksom bristande integration mellan olika system. Analysmodellen som användes i undersökningarna var ändamålsenlig, men undersökningen av implementation ur införarperspektiv indikerade, att det fanns ytterligare faktorer som var relevanta för IT-användning och nytta. Avhandlingsarbetet har av det skälet givit ett resultat även i detta avseende - en utvecklad analysmodell.

  • 182.
    Fahy, Claire
    et al.
    Waterford Institute of Technology.
    Leon, Miguel Ponce de
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Schaffers, Hans
    Services of living labs and their networks2008Inngår i: Expanding the knowledge economy: issues, applications, case studies / [ed] Paul Cunningham; Miriam Cunningham, IOS Press, 2008, Vol. 1, s. 713-721Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 183.
    Fernández, Walter
    et al.
    Australian National University.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Djordjevic, Michael
    Australian National University.
    Lovegrove, Keith
    Australian National University.
    Nayar, Sasi
    South Australian Research and Development Institute.
    Using design as boundary spanner object in climate change mitigation projects2009Inngår i: Ajis: Australasian Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 1449-8618, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 51-69Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is a growing concern for society and the focus of numerous research initiatives across multiple fields of science. These initiatives often need to capitalize on the cross-specialized knowledge contributed by researchers from very different fields. The diversity of worldviews among key stakeholders requires an effective overall design strategy acting as a boundary spanner object. This study presents an account of the issues faced by a multidisciplinary research project and discusses the suitability of a design approach to help address issues such as equality, empowerment, autonomy, creativity, performance, reduction of innovation cycle times and also provide for the necessary balance between control, speediness and flexibility.

  • 184.
    Forsberg Flavé, Kelly
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik.
    Landström, Olivia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik.
    Designprinciper för att utveckla en digital marknadsplats: Att utveckla en digital marknadsplats2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie ämnar undersöka och utvärdera vilka designprinciper som är centrala vid utveckling av digitala marknadsplatser med affärsinformation. Genom att ta fram ett designförslag utvärderas och reflekteras designprinciperna. Teorier har samlats in kring det valda ämnesområdet för att ta fram designprinciper. Den teoretiska referensramen delas in i två delar, första delen beskriver de teorier som ligger till grund för undersökningen av att utveckla digitala marknadsplatser. Andra delen är de teorier som krävs för att utveckla den digitala marknadsplatsen. Kvalitativa data har samlats in under studiens gång genom att genomföra semi-strukturerade intervjuer med anställda på det utvalda företaget. Action design research har använts som strategi för att presentera, utvärdera och testa designprinciperna i en designlösning. Avslutningsvis listas designprinciperna utifrån temaområden, digitalisering, struktur, produkter & tjänster samt användarvänlighet. För att slutligen presentera designprinciperna baserat på viktiga designprinciper och nya designprinciper som är centrala vid utvecklingen av digitala marknadsplatser.

  • 185.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, ÅsaLuleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Addressing societal challenges2018Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 186.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Introduction: Addressing societal challenges2018Inngår i: Addressing Societal Challenges / [ed] Editors Johan Frishammar Åsa Ericson, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018, s. 1-6Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As an area of excellence in research and innovation, EffectiveInnovation & Organization (EIO) at Luleå University ofTechnology (LTU) represents an important initiative aimedat addressing societal challenges by combining engineeringand social science research. EIO enables the pooling of resourcesfrom various scientific disciplines to address manyof the societal challenges Sweden is currently facing. Thisbook is one result from such pooling of disciplines, resourcesand cross-disciplinary discussions. Here, some leading EIOresearchers have jointly analysed and reflected upon fivekey societal challenges to identify some of their implicationsand future pathways for research at LTU. All of these challengesspan multiple scientific domains, and competence ininnovation and organisation will be critical if they are to beaddressed effectively.

  • 187.
    Frånberg, Östen
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    National agenda for the internet of things2014Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 188.
    Grzenda, Maciej
    et al.
    Faculty of Mathematics and Information Science, Warsaw University of Technology,, Research and Development Center.
    Awad, Ali IsmailLuleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.Furtak, JanuszMilitary University of Technology, Warszawa.Legierski, JarosławFaculty of Mathematics and Information Science, Warsaw University of Technology, Warszawa.
    Advances in Network Systems: Architectures, Security, and Applications2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 189.
    Grzenda, Maciej
    et al.
    Faculty of Mathematics and Information Science, Warsaw University of Technology,, Research and Development Center.
    Furtak, Janusz
    Military University of Technology, Warszawa.
    Legierski, Jarosław
    Faculty of Mathematics and Information Science, Warsaw University of Technology, Warszawa.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Network Architectures, Security, and Applications: An Introduction2017Inngår i: Advances in Network Systems: Architectures, Security, and Applications / [ed] Maciej Grzenda, Ali Ismail Awad, Janusz Furtak, Jarosław Legierski, Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2017, s. 1-10Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Owing to the ever growing communication systems, modern networks currently encompass a wide range of solutions and technologies, including wireless and wired networks and provide basis for network systems from multiple partly overlapping domains such as the Internet of Things (IoT), cloud services, and network applications. This appears in numerous active research areas with particular attention paid to the architecture and security of network systems. In parallel, novel applications are developed, in some cases strongly linked to rapidly developing network-based data acquisition and processing frameworks. This chapter presents a general introduction to the topics of network architectures, security, and applications in addition to short descriptions of the chapters included in this volume

  • 190.
    Guillén, Sergio
    et al.
    MYSPHERA, Spain.
    Holst, Marita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lenz, Olivier
    Federation Internationale de l’Automobile, Region I, Belgium.
    IoT European Large-Scale Pilots: Integration, Experimentation and Testing2017Inngår i: Cognitive Hyperconnected Digital Transformation: Internet of Things Intelligence Evolution / [ed] Ovidiu Vermesan, SINTEF, Norway; Joël Bacquet, European Commission, Belgium, River Publishers, 2017Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The IoT European Large-Scale Pilots Programme includes the innovationconsortia that are collaborating to foster the deployment of IoT solutionsin Europe through the integration of advanced IoT technologies across thevalue chain, demonstration of multiple IoT applications at scale and in a usagecontext, and as close as possible to operational conditions.

    The programme projects are targeted, goal-driven initiatives that proposeIoT approaches to specific real-life industrial/societal challenges. They areautonomous entities that involve stakeholders from the supply side to thedemand side, and contain all the technological and innovation elements,the tasks related to the use, application and deployment as well as thedevelopment, testing and integration activities.

    This chapter describes the IoT Large Scale Pilot Programme initiativetogether with all involved actors. These actors include the coordination andsupport actions CREATE-IoT and U4IoT, being them drivers of the programme,and all five IoT Large-Scale Pilot projects, namely ACTIVAGE,IoF2020, MONICA, SynchroniCity and AUTOPILOT.

  • 191.
    Gylling, Arne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Waara, Åsa
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Project: SITE - Smart IT för Energibesparing2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Från ansökan: "Projektet skall via användarmedverkan, med skolungdomar och lärare på Tunaskolan i Luleå, kombinerat med smart IT och design av nya innovativa sätt för visualisering utveckla nya metoder för att minska energiförbrukningen. Projektet bygger vidare på resultat och samarbeten med både nationella och internationella EU projekt inom området energibesparing med fokus på användarmedverkan.Vi vill tillsammans med skolungdomar, morgondagens beslutsfattare, och via deras "normala" kommunikationsvägar (Internet, Web 2.0, Facebook etc) sprida och engagera om energi och miljö. Genom att bygga demonstratorer vill vi lära oss hur och vad man bör fokusera på för att både spara energi men även bidra till en större medvetenhet för områdena. Vi vet att ungdomar idag mycket snabbare sprider "god" information och huvudfokus för projektet är att tillsammans med ungdomarna förstå vad och på vilket sätt energiutnyttjandet skall visualiseras för att "nå ut" och spridas.Vårt mål är att engagera skolan, elever, lärare och besökare, till att bidra med idéer för hur man kan spara energi och värna om miljön. Tillsammans med projektdeltagarna kommer nya Internet-baserade applikationer attutvecklas för visualisering av i realtid uppmätt energiutnyttjande. Tillvägagångssättet kommer vara baserat på att genom korta och snabba iterationer sätta nya versioner av de utvecklade applikationerna "i händerna" påungdomarna som varit med och designat själva hur applikationerna ska se ut för att presentera energiförbrukning på ett enkelt sätt.Vi avser också att via medverkande företag, baserat på resultat i projektet, utveckla nya affärer och vi kommer kontinuerligt under projektet att sprida information om framsteg via Internet, konferenser samt andra samarbetsprojekt.

  • 192.
    Göransson, Therese
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik.
    Från exkludering till inkludering: En studie för att belysa Digitaliseringens baksida2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den digitala utvecklingen har ända sedan 1950-talet som gett upphov till utanförskap, däremot var det först kring 1990-2000-talet som detta blev ett mer samhälleligt problem. Digitaliseringen ökade snabbt och organisationer ville och vill fortfarande ta del av de fördelar som digitala tekniker kan skapa för dess organisationer, i så väl tid som pengar.

    Sverige är ett av de länder som ligger i framkant på digitaliseringsresan, men det finns också en baksida. Den snabba digitaliseringen har skapat en grupp i samhället som blivit exkluderade.  I Sverige består den av över en miljon människor. Denna grupp representeras av människor som även socialt kan stöta på hinder i samhället på utifrån faktorer så som ålder, utbildning, funktionsvariation, arbetslöshet och ensamhet.

    Syftet med studien var att belysa denna digitala exkludering som blir en baksida av digitaliseringen. Jag ville även skapa en bild över var ansvar för digitaliseringen finns och bör finnas samt undersöka hur man i dagsläge arbetar för att motarbeta digital exkludering.

    Studiens resultat visar att ansvaret är delat mellan organisationer, privatpersoner och politiker. Åtgärder tas idag, men inte i tillräckligt stor utsträckning. Det krävs en ökad förståelse och medvetenhet om vilka konsekvenser digital exkludering kan medföra vilket även exemplifieras i en intervju med en respondent som utsatts för digitalt bedrägeri.

  • 193.
    Haag, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik.
    Designprinciper för digital glosbok: med fokus på repetition2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    When a school's routines about how students intend to learn the spelling of words from a foreign language are compared to what existing science says are the most important factors for being able to meet this knowledge, a gap between them can be identified. When studies about the use of digital glossaries show advantages in the field of learning foreign language words, a number of existing digital glossaries are investigated to see how they handle these, important scientific factors. The result shows that existing digital notebooks do not focus on these important factors, such as repeating in large numbers and repetition over time.

    This leads to this report whose intention has been to develop a number of design principles aimed at facilitating the development of systems that are comparable to digital glossaries and addressing the identified gap.

    To ensure the validity of the design principles, a prototype that focuses on repetition is created according to the principles, in app format and evaluated by expert in the field. A further development of the prototype could later be used in future studies to study how the student's results are affected by using a digital glossary that incorporates elements that are missing in existing routines. These are elements that are not offered through investigated existing apps whose purpose is to act as digital glossaries.

  • 194.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Living Lab Research: A State-of-the-Art Review and Steps towards a Research Agenda : Research-in-progress2018Inngår i: OpenLivingLab Days 2018 conference, Geneva, Switzerland, 2018, s. 406-421Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the fact that Living Lab research has been established as a very active research area within both Innovation Management (IM) as well as Information Systems (IS) literature, previous studies still lack consensus about what can be considered as a Living Lab activity and the concept of Living Lab has been interpreted in many different ways. The aim of this research-in-progress paper is to understand the current state of the art in the area of Living Lab research and to identify the key challenges and potential research opportunities within this field. In doing so, a literature review has been conducted, covering 26 studies on Living Lab research in both IS and IM literature. The main findings of this literature review in relation to identified challenges and future research opportunities are summarized in four main themes, namely, theoretical and methodological challenges, governance and process-related challenges, actors’ motivations, needs and expectations and finally ethical challenges. The outcome of this study will thus be a research agenda to further our knowledge about the current challenges and future directions of Living Lab research.

  • 195.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Towards a User Engagement Process Model in Open Innovation2016Inngår i: The ISPIM Innovation Summit, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 4-7 December 2016, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on open innovation have increasingly emphasized the role of individual users as collaborators in the innovation processes. Keeping users enthusiastically engaged throughout the information systems development (ISD) process for open innovation approaches is of crucial importance, specifically when the participation is voluntary. Although a few studies exist that have presented process models for user engagement, none of them are specifically based on the voluntary contribution of the users in an open environment, nor included the detailed attributes of the phenomenon of user drop-outs in their presented models. By combining the results of a comprehensive literature review and a qualitative case study of user engagement, this study aims to develop a user engagement process model that includes the variety of reasons for user drop-out, and then to present some practical guidelines that would facilitate prolonged user engagement in the ISD process in an open innovation environment.

  • 196.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    How to sustain user engagement over time: A research agenda2016Inngår i: AMCIS 2016: Surfing the IT Innovation Wave - 22nd Americas Conference on Information Systems, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    User participation in the Information Systems (IS) user studies has become a popular and widely studied research topic. Understanding of how users should be involved in the projects and how to deal with the various challenges of involving users is important. Keeping users motivated over the time is one of the biggest challenges in the process of user involvement. As the first step of research on how to build a sustained user engagement, the aim of this study is to identify, categorize and sum up existing research on why people drop-out of user studies before the project or activity has ended. The main findings of our study indicate that the performance of the prototype, user selection, user preparation, interaction with the users, privacy concerns and scheduling are highly influential on this issue. Based on the findings, this study also proposes a research agenda to guide future studies in this area.

  • 197.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Georges, Annabel
    imec.livinglabs.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Schuurman, Dimitri
    imec.livinglabs.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    A Taxonomy of Factors Influencing Drop-Out Behaviour in Living Lab Field Tests2018Inngår i: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, s. 5-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of a “living lab” is a relatively new research area and phenomenon that facilitates user engagement in open innovation activities. Studies on living labs show that the users’ motivation to participate in a field test is higher at the beginning of the project than during the rest of the test, and that participants have a tendency to drop out before completing the assigned tasks. However, the literature still lacks theories describing the phenomenon of drop-out within the area of field tests in general and living lab field tests in particular. As the first step in constructing a theoretical discourse, the aims of this study are to present an empirically derived taxonomy for the various factors that influence drop-out behaviour; to provide a definition of “drop-out” in living lab field tests; and to understand the extent to which each of the identified items influence participant drop-out behaviour. To achieve these aims, we first extracted factors influencing drop-out behaviour in the field test from our previous studies on the topic, and then we validated the extracted results across 14 semi-structured interviews with experts in living lab field tests. Our findings show that identified reasons for dropping out can be grouped into three themes: innovation-related, process-related, and participant-related. Each theme consists of three categories with a total of 44 items. In this study, we also propose a unified definition of “drop-out” in living lab field tests.

  • 198.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Padyab, Ali
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Exploring Factors Influencing Participant Drop-Out Behavior in a Living Lab Environment2017Inngår i: Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems: 8th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2017, Halden, Norway, August 6-8, 2017, Proceedings / [ed] Susanne Stigberg, Joackim Karlsen, Harald Holone, Cathrine Linnes, Cham: Springer, 2017, s. 28-40Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of “living lab” is a rather new phenomenon that facilitates user involvement in open innovation activities. The users’ motivations to contribute to the living lab activities at the beginning of the project are usually higher than once the activities are underway. However, the literature still lacks an understanding of what actions are necessary to reduce the likelihood of user drop-out throughout the user engagement process. This study aims to explore key factors that are influential on user drop-out in a living lab setting by engaging users to test an innovation during the pilot phase of the application’s development. The stability of the prototype, ease of use, privacy protection, flexibility of the prototype, effects of reminders, and timing issues are the key influential factors on user drop-out behavior. This paper summarizes the key lessons learned from the case study and points to avenues for future research.

  • 199.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Padyab, Ali Mohammad
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Social, Ethical and Ecological Issues in Wearable Technologies2019Inngår i: Twenty-fifth Americas Conference on Information Systems, Cancun, 2019, 2019, s. 1-10Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid growth of Internet of Things (IoT) has given rise to a plethora of wearable devices integrated into daily life, however achieving end-user’s long-term adoption is still an issue. The purpose of this paper is to investigate social, ethical and ecological issues related to wearable technologies from end-users’ perspectives. We undertook a systematic literature review as well as two rounds of interviews with domain experts as well as end-users of IoT wearable devices to find relevant issues related to social, ethical and ecological. After synthesizing the results, eighteen issues found to be relevant to the wearable technologies. These issues have important implications for reducing the negative barriers that challenge the adoption of wearable technologies. The originality of this study lies with its non-technological focus that provides insights into issues that are rooted into individuals’ concerns.

  • 200.
    Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Georges, Annabel
    imec .livinglabs , Belgium.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Schuurman, Dimitri
    imec .livinglabs , Belgium.
    Drop-out in living lab field test: analyzing consequences and some recommendations2018Inngår i: Twenty-Sixth European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS2018), Portsmouth, UK, 2018, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Involving individual users in the process of information systems development is a key dimension of open innovation. Living Labs are socio-technical systems that facilitate information systems development by integrating technical, social and organizational structures and focusing on individuals, tasks, technologies and the interactions between different stakeholders. Testing digital innovations in real-life use context is one of the key components of Living Labs. The users’ motivations to participate in Living Lab field tests at the beginning of the project are usually higher than once the field tests are underway. However, there is a dearth of research on other issues related to participants’ drop-out in Living Lab field tests. This study contributes to the existing literature by investigating the consequences of drop-out in Living Lab field tests and providing recommendations that would facilitate prolonged user engagement. The paper also discusses some ethical considerations regarding involvement of participants within Living Lab field tests. In doing so, we interviewed fourteen Living Lab experts in two Living Labs in Sweden and Belgium. Based on these interviews, we propose a first set of consequences, recommendations and ethical considerations to take into account when setting up Living Lab field tests. Keywords: User

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