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  • 151.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Det goda arbetet bortom Lean2009Ingår i: Arbetsliv i omvandling, ISSN 1404-8426, nr 1, s. 27-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det goda arbetet är en uppsättning normativa kriterier för ett gott industriarbete formulerade av Svenska metallindustriarbetareförbundet (numera IF Metall), och etablerades som ett begrepp i den svenska arbetsvetenskapliga forskningen. Diskurserna kring effektiv organisation och arbetsmiljö har dock växlat genom decennierna och idag diskuteras inte det goda arbetet så ofta utan det är nya koncept som gäller, där Lean Production är det mest framträdande. I denna uppsats ska vi försöka rekonstruera de historiska rötterna som låg till grund för ”Det goda arbetet” och diskutera dess relevans i förhållande till dagens industriella kontext. Vår utgångspunkt är att det goda arbetet inte är något som är givet en gång för alla, utan något som kontinuerligt måste uppdateras i förhållande till ny teknik och förändrad samhällelig kontext. Den industriella kontext vi möter i det tjugoförsta århundradet innehåller nya förutsättningar och nya utvecklingsmöjligheter som kan bidra till ny utvecklingsperiod för det goda arbetet, en utveckling bortom Lean.

  • 152.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Det goda arbetet: en obsolet vision eller...2007Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 57-76Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 153.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Produktions- och arbetsorganisation2008Ingår i: Arbete och teknik på människans villkor, Stockholm: Prevent , 2008, s. 71-126Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 154.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    The good work: a Swedish trade union vision in the shadow of lean production2009Ingår i: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 775-780Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Good Work" (Det goda arbetet) was established as a highly praised and established concept in the Swedish working life debate in the middle of the 1980s. In this paper, we are going to discuss the concept in relation to the massive introduction of lean production in Swedish industry. The aim of this paper is to restore the theory of the good work into the industrial society of today. We will search for a model for ‘good work' in balance between the demands from production and good conditions for a learning environment.The theoretical base for this paper will be found in both organisational research and research on production technology systems. We identify three strong trends in Swedish industrial companies giving both pitfalls and possibilities for the good work; the learning focus as a way to increase productivity and improve working conditions; Lean Production in most cases imply narrow short-cyclic work tasks; and the global market that reduces national discretion. As a result, we formulate a new set of criteria for "the good work".

  • 155.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    The good work in a world dominated by lean thinking2008Ingår i: International labour process conference, 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 156.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    The organisation of production and work2009Ingår i: Work and technology on human terms, Stockholm: Prevent , 2009, s. 71-128Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 157.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Work conditions in transition: a study of work culture and gender issues in a changing technical context2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over a period of 50 years at Kiruna iron ore mine we can see a transformation of work from underground to remote control at surface level. What characterised the old underground face work was the close relation between man and the hard rock based on hard physical work under dangerous condition. Nowadays the face workers are located up in the sky on level 7 in an office building close to the mine. The contact with the hard rock goes through machines controlled by remote technology. The traditional workplace culture and the macho style have been challenged. The modern technology has created a new type of work, when it comes to competence and knowledge as well as workload. The purpose of the paper is to reflect on the upcoming, and in many aspects already evident, knowledge transformation - from the old and obsolete bodily and tacit knowledge and skills into something new.

  • 158.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Grane, Camilla
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Wykowska, Agnieszka
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Work and Organization in a Digital Industrial Context2017Ingår i: Management Revue, ISSN 0935-9915, E-ISSN 1861-9908, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 281-297Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are clear signs that digitalization attempts such as Industry 4.0 will becomemore apparent in workplaces. This development requires reflections and considerationsso we do not create more problems than we solve. In our paper, we have raisedseveral questions related to the Industry 4.0 that need answers: Is Industry 4.0 a discourse,an organizational model, or just technology? Does the requirement for flexibilitycall for a new labour market? How will Industry 4.0 affect competence andskill requirements? Will Industry 4.0 encourage a new gender order? Will Industry4.0 take over dangerous routine work or will old work environmental problems appearin new contexts and for other groups of workers? Can we rely on robots aswork mates or will they spy on us and report to management? Based on our analysis,we addressed four knowledge gaps that need more research in relation to thedigitalization of work: The relationship between new technology, working conditions,qualifications, identity, and gender; the future of the workers' collective;crowdsourcing in an industrial context; and human-machine interaction with a focuson integrity issues.

  • 159.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Future metal mining: a research overview2012Ingår i: Proceedings of MPES 2012, 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 160.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Stina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    If you can’t beat them, join them?: The Swedish trade union movement and lean production2013Ingår i: Journal of Industrial Relations, ISSN 0022-1856, E-ISSN 1472-9296, Vol. 55, nr 3, s. 445-460Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the rise and changing nature of ‘lean production’ in Sweden and ‘lean’s’ interaction with union strategy and the demands of union members and employers. It begins with a discussion of what has characterised the Swedish work organisation debate over the past 50 years. With this as a base, we discuss significant trends in Swedish industry that provide both pitfalls and possibilities for workers and for Swedish trade union strategy. Our presumption is that such a strategy is not once and for all given, but something that must be brought up to date in relation to the societal context and altered production systems. Finally, we discuss IF Metall’s concept of ‘sustainable work’ that was established at their Congress in 2008. The title of our article, ‘If you can’t beat them, join them?’ is a provocative way to formulate the core of our analysis based on our overall understanding of lean production in Sweden. There are important implications for managers, workers and unions in countries both similar to and different from Sweden.

  • 161.
    Johansson, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Lööw, Joel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Attracting young people to the mining industry: six recommendations2018Ingår i: International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, ISSN 1754-890X, E-ISSN 1754-8918, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 94-108Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present workforce in the mining industry is ageing, and mining companies have difficulties recruiting young people who are not particularly interested in working in the industry. Simultaneously, mining companies tend to rely on contractors that offer volume flexibility and expertise, often in a combination that is economically appealing. This makes recruitment and development of the whole of the mining workforce complex. To recruit the right workforce, mining companies and their contractors need to cooperate and improve their knowledge about both attractive and repelling work features so that they can make wiser strategic decisions based on facts. On the basis of a Swedish context, we discuss different aspects of attractive workplaces and summarise our 'lessons learned' in six recommendations dealing with general health and safety issues, work organisation, competence development, gender equality, social responsibility and outsourcing.

  • 162.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Gender-equal organizations as a prerequisite for workplace learning2018Ingår i: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 10-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This article explores how the gendering of the learning environment acts to shape the design and outcome of workplace learning. The primary intention is to reflect on the idea of gender-equal organizations as a prerequisite for workplace learning.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A review of literature relating to gender and workplace learning was conducted with the relation between gender-(un)equal organizations and the design and outcome of workplace learning as the focus of the analysis. This was followed by an analysis of the characteristics of an organization that promote both adoptive and developmental workplace learning.

    Findings

    The literature shows how the gendering of the learning environment acts to shape workplace learning, often by preventing development learning and limiting adoptive learning to already privileged groups. To facilitate development workplace learning requires that organizations are guided by nuanced knowledge of work organization and strategically employ workplace learning to challenge existing power relations; that they are not characterised by gender segregation and that the presence and protection of gendered practices and identities do not dominate learning activities.

    Practical implications

    Stressing gender-equal organizations as a prerequisite for learning requires stakeholders to integrate a gender perspective in the design of workplace learning.

    Originality/value

    This article contributes to the literature considering workplace learning by highlighting how gender-equal organizations constitutes a prerequisite for workplace learning as well as in defining a few basic characteristics of such organizations.

  • 163.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Job Rotation Meets Gendered and Routine Work in Swedish Supermarkets2015Ingår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 109-124Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish food retail trade employers are required to counteract the strain of checkout work through job rotation. As checkout work tends to be seen as a “women's job”, this makes the industry a potentially interesting site for negotiations within gendered organizations. Based on interviews with nine food retail trade managers, this study investigates how job rotation is incorporated into specific work organization models, focusing on the implications of work requirements, organizational divisions along the lines of gender, and the visibility of gender patterns in the managers' descriptions. Three different models of job rotation were distinguished analytically: limited, partial, and extended, differentiated by the extent to which job rotation was used. While these different models had specific effects on gender patterns of working within the stores, these effects seemed accidental rather than conscious, which corresponds with the managers' more general tendency to make gender into an organizational non-issue. Job rotation was also found to be enabled not by training but by the standardization of work tasks, suggesting that job rotation supports rather than challenges the general de-skilling affecting the industry.

  • 164.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Department of Sociology, Umeå University.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies, Umeå University.
    Entrepreneurship and gender equality in academia: a complex combination in practice2015Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 69-92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes as its starting point two current trends in academia – the promotion of academic entrepreneurship and innovation and the promotion of gender equality – and discusses how different gender equality perspectives are interwoven, or not, into academia’s transformation processes towards entrepreneurial universities. On the basis of an analysis of 26 interviews conducted with personnel at two Swedish universities, the article investigates how concepts of academic entrepreneurship and innovation on the one hand and gender equality on the other hand are constructed and filled with meaning as well as how they are entangled and what effects are produced by this way of thinking and acting. Our analysis reveals tensions between the two policy goals, together with tensions within each goal. An overall conclusion is that articulations and ways of speaking about the policy goal of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were to some extent interwoven with the policy goal of gender equality, especially in the broader perspectives on academic entrepreneurship. However, the articulations of strategies and practice of the two policy goals essentially ran parallel, and were not entangled with one another. This is because strategies or substantial initiatives for merging gender equality into the agenda of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were lacking.

  • 165.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå university.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå university.
    Gender equality and entrepreneurship in academia: a complex equation in practice2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 166.
    Lindberg, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Projekt: Från macho till modern: Jämställdhet i skogsbrukets arbetsorganisationer2013Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Luleå tekniska universitet driver projektet i syfte att hitta, testa och utveckla praktiska metoder för jämställdhet i skogsbrukets arbetsorganisationer i nära samarbete mellan universitetets genusforskare och två av skogsbrukets organisationer: Sveaskog och Skogstekniska klustret. Finansiär: VINNOVA

  • 167. Lindelöf, Peter
    et al.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Management of work environment design when developing new technologies of production in international cooperation projects: learning from an EU-project2007Ingår i: Ergonomia, ISSN 0137-4990, Vol. 29, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the international production technology development project described in this article, the work environment factors of future production systems, both physical and psychosocial, were not prioritised or seen as a natural part in the development process. It seemed the partners involved in the project regarded these factors as interfering with the main objective, i.e. developing new production techniques. The authors describe and analyse some of the experienced problems when trying to integrate work environment factors in the project. For example, problems such as the habit of doing things the way they always have, the lack of a holistic picture where short term perspectives have precedence and the problem of context significance is dealt with. Interestingly enough, while these problems were observed in the project, the partners did not oppose using improved tools involving work environment factors early in the development process. Thus there is a challenge for the future to develop a more holistic model for development of new production technology - a model in which work environment design of future production systems can be considered at an early stage as well as industrialisation in an international context can be rendered more effective.

  • 168. Lundgren, Agneta
    et al.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Validation in different ways2005Ingår i: Proceedings of the fourth international conference on researching work and learning: OVAL Research, University of Technology, Sydney, 12-14 December, 2005 / [ed] Paul Hager; Geof Hawke, Sydney: Sydney University of Technology , 2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 169.
    Lööw, Joel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Mining 4.0—the Impact of New Technology from a Work Place Perspective2019Ingår i: Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, ISSN 2524-3462, Vol. 36, nr 4, s. 701-707Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Industry 4.0 offers new possibilities to combine increased productivity with stimulating workplaces in a good work environment. Used correctly, digitalization can create attractive jobs in safe control room environments, which provide space for the employee’s full expertise and creativity. This is true also for the mining industry. But, to succeed, it is important to analyze the development from a worker’s perspective. What will happen to their work? What skills will be needed in the mine of tomorrow? We must also consider the risks, such as privacy issues, increased stress, and work-life boundaries. These questions must be understood if we are to create workplaces that can attract a young and diverse workforce to tomorrow’s mining industry. In this article, we try to illustrate what the new technology can mean for the individual miners. We formulate the notion of Mining 4.0 (Industry 4.0 in the mining industry), where we try to create an image of how the future might look from a miner’s perspective and how mining companies may navigate their way to a future that works for all miners. To illustrate the range of possible outcomes, we formulate two scenarios: one utopian and one dystopic. At the end of our article, we bring forward six recommendations that can be considered a beginning of a road map for the human side of Mining 4.0.

  • 170. Parding, Karolina
    et al.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Learning gaps in a learning organization: professionals' values versus management values2010Ingår i: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 292-305Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this article is to challenge the concept of "the learning organization" as unproblematic and inherently good. Design/methodology/approach: The research looked at how teachers - as an example of public sector professionals in a work organization that claims to be a learning organization - view their conditions for learning. Findings: By using this approach, the normative values surrounding the concept of the learning organization were discussed. This approach identifies power-relations: i.e. who has the priority of interpretation to define what learning is desired and considered relevant as well as when, how and where one learns. In addition, it gives indications to how and why the implementations of management concepts are not always successful. Originality/value: This article shows how the implementation of a governance concept (learning organization) in fact can be seen as bringing with it unintended consequences for the organization as a whole - and especially for the professionals. Even within a work organization claiming to be a learning organization, learning gaps can be identified.

  • 171.
    Parding, Karolina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Jansson, Anna
    New conditions for identities, cultures and governance of welfare sector professionals: the teaching profession2012Ingår i: Ephemera : Theory and Politics in Organization, ISSN 2052-1499, E-ISSN 1473-2866, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 294-308Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with changes in governance of professional work in relation to the concept of professional identity. Professional work is often depicted as an essential part of today’s society. At the same time, the conditions for professional work are changing – especially in the public sector. These changes can be seen in terms of an on-going interaction between the logic of the profession and the logic of the organisation where the concept of identity can be used to examine the dynamics of the changes and their consequences. In thispaper, the teaching profession is used to illustrate changing conditions for professional work in the public sector. We identify processes of diversification of professional identity and culture, some of which can be described as processes of marginalization. This approach can provide a theoretical point of departure for studying professional work – in the context of changed governance – by focusing on the concept of identity as an analytical point of reference. This approach explains organizational dynamics in terms of what changes are desired and what changes are unintentional.

  • 172.
    Parding, Karolina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Lindberg, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Åberg, Carina
    ApeL FoU, Sverige.
    Thång, Per-Olof
    Göteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    Andersson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Sverige.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköpings universitet.
    Projekt: Nationell temagrupp A&O (arbetsplatslärande och omställning i arbetslivet)2010Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Europeiska Socialfondens temagrupp för arbetsplatslärande och omställning i arbetslivet som sammanställer, analyserar och sprider kunskaper och erfarenheter av hur långsiktig kompetensutveckling kan säkerställas på arbetsplatser i samarbete mellan arbetsgivare, fack, anställda, intermediärer, myndigheter och forskare.

  • 173.
    Ringblom, Lisa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Omförhandling i gruvan?: om kön, arbete och förändring i den mansdominerade gruvnäringen2017Ingår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 38, nr 1-2, s. 33-54Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to discuss the complexity of stability and change in terms of the relation of gender and work in traditionally male-dominated workplaces, and more specifically in the Swedish mining industry. Mining has for a long time had a close relationship to men and masculinity. From the 1980s until 2005, the proportion of women miners increased from three to six per cent, but during the last ten years the proportion of women miners has increased more rapidly and today the number of women is 15 per cent. What made and makes this change possible? In this article, we merge previous studies concerning mining, gender and organization with new empirical material. Interviews with 20 miners, both men and women, were carried out to present a framework for understanding the contemporary negotiations of gender and work. Our conclusion is that the change in gender patterns can be understood through the following three interlinked processes of stability and change concerning: 1) mining work 2) the relationship between professional identity and masculinity and 3) the companies’ work towards gender equality. Together, these processes create a different outcome than before. Although much is changing in the mining industry, the stability characterizing its gendered relations is at the same time both notably durable and persistent. There is a remaining theoretical challenge to better understand these processes of change, stability and negotiation concerning the relationship of gender and work.

  • 174.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Galar, Diego
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Kumar, Uday
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Sandin, Fredrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Delsing, Jerker
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.
    Lean instrumentation framework for sensor pruning and optimization in condition monitoring2011Ingår i: The Eighth International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Machinery Failure Prevention Technologies: St. David's Hotel, Cardiff, Wales, 20 - 22 June 2011 ; CM2011/MFPT2011, Longborough, Glos: Coxmoor Publishing Co. , 2011, Vol. 1, s. 202-215Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses a lean instrumentation framework for guiding the introduction of the lean concept in condition monitoring in order to enhance the organizational capability (i.e. human, technical and management trichotomy) and reduce the complexity in the maintenance management systems of industrial companies. Additionally, decision-making, based on severity diagnosis and prognosis in condition monitoring, is a complex maintenance function which is based on large data-set of sensors measurements. Yet, the entirety of such decision-making is not dependent on only the sensors measurements, but also on other important indices, such as the human factors, organizational aspects and knowledge management. This is because, the ability to identify significant features from large amount of measured data is a major challenge for automated defect diagnosis, a situation that necessitate the need to identify signal transformations and features in new domains. The need for the lean instrumentation framework is justified by the desire to have a modern condition monitoring system with the capability of pruning to the optimal level the number of sensors required for efficient and effective serviceability of the maintenance process. It is concluded that there are methodologies that can be developed to enable more efficient condition monitoring systems, with benefits for many processes along the value chain.

  • 175.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Enhancing social collaboration between humans and technology in the digitization of deep mining activity2011Ingår i: Proceedings: ISCAR International Conference 2011, Rome September 5-10, 2011, International society for cultural and activity research , 2011, s. 106-108Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discuses the use of organizational activity theory to address concerns on the best way to digitized human work that can lead to the creation of a harmony between the human, technical and the social system, towards increased productivity in the deep mine industry. The aim is to develop the requisite knowledge on the use of social networking technologies (new communication models) to design highly digitised work activity in which open collaboration can be enhanced between the human and the technological functions of the work that will make cross value chain optimisation a reality. Data is collected using observation and video-recording of miners’ activities, as well as recorded interviews techniques. The systemic-structural activity theory (Bedny and Karwowski, 2007), which focus on both the sociocultural approach to activity study and the individual-psychological approaches to activity study, which are basic to the study of human work is used. The main unit of analysis is the mine production activity. The sub-unit of analysis is carried out at two levels. These are the “object oriented” activity level, and the “subject-oriented” activity level. The object-oriented activity is analyzed from the perspectives of individual miners using technological tools (highly mechanized equipments) in breaking the rocks (material objects). The subject-oriented activity is also analyzed from the perspectives of the individual miner and his subjective interaction with the communication models and the technological tools as social objects. It is argued that since organizations possess technologies for accomplishing work, organizational activity then emphasizes a work system design in which technology affects social relations in organizations by structuring collaborative processes which are important components of an organization. It is then concluded that the systemic-structural activity theory can help understand how to optimize a work system’s design, such as the digitized mine activity, in terms of its sociotechnical system characteristics.

  • 176. Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Innovation and knowledge creation in the integration of technological, organizational and human systems2010Ingår i: Fiscar conference proceedings: Helsinki May 23-25, Helsink: School of art and Design, Aalto University , 2010, s. 186-187Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the thinking that since a production system consists of technical components, information, materials and humans, then by looking at the design and creativity in the work activities of mining firms, spaces for innovation and knowledge-creation can be identified that can result in a holistic perspectives on the operation, maintenance, engineering and control of components of the system, that is, mine of the future (Abrahamsson & Johansson, 2008). This is because world's metal mining industry is currently challenged with the prevailing thinking that by replacing humans with machines at all levels in the value chain, a rapid increase of automation and integration of various processes and unit operations can occur, and which by implication can enhance the firm becoming economic viable and competitive. The main objective of this study is to develop the requisite knowledge that allows for the instilling of open collaboration between functions and new communication models in the workforce through the widespread use of social networking technologies in the production systems that will make cross value chain optimisation a reality. Analysis of contradictions (Engeström, 2001) is used to identify the key systemic components of the organization's activity systems for which possible conflicts and troubles can emerge in the technological, organizational and human systems integration processes. In this analysis, the objective for the integration process is appraised against the emerged objectives of actors who carry out the required practices. In this appraisal, methods for creating awareness and insight in an organizational resistance (Abrahamsson, 2009) are used to stimulate creativity and innovativeness in the companies' organizational processes. Two levels of activity (i.e. object-oriented and subject-oriented) are analysed by considering who is engaged in that activity, what their intentions, goals and motives are, and what type of activity they are involved in. Object-oriented activity is analysed from the perspective of a subject using tools on a material object, where the subject of activity is the individual or group of individuals engaged in that activity. Subject-oriented activity (i.e. social interaction) is analysed from the perspective of two or more subjects involvement in an activity constituted through information exchange, personal interactions and mutual understanding. Thus in the analysis of object-oriented activity, inter-subjective relationships are considered, since the object-oriented and subject-oriented aspects of activity continuously transform into one another during task performance (Bedny & Karwowski, 2004).It is argued that by taking a holistic view of the system's functions, production systems can be designed to create harmony between the technical and the social system. It is argued that such design system cannot be conceived as adaptable to humans, but rather to regard humans as resources and/or possibilities of designing better systems (intelligent automation). The understanding here being that a production system must be seen to consists of humans/people and technology (i.e. it must be seen to consist of production processes, infrastructure and flows of digital signals, information, material, energy, products as well as human work and learning). It is therefore concluded that a holistic knowledge (i.e. design) of intelligent production systems entailing the integration between technical, organizational and human systems, as well as deep specialized knowledge in each area can be developed and implemented. The base of such design should also be the acquisition by industries of new mental images of their personal-selves based on new technologies and modern work organizations that support both high productivity and good working conditions. References1. Abrahamsson, L. (2009). Some short texts on mining, production systems and human work science ... Working Paper. Dept. of Human Work Sciences, LTU.2. Abrahamsson, L. & Johansson, J. (2008). Future Mining - Workers' Skills, Identity and Gender When Meeting Changing Technology. Proceedings, First International Future Mining Conference Sydney, NSW, 19 - 21 November 2008: p 213 - 220.3. Bedny, G. Z., & Karwowski, W. (2004). Activity theory as a basis for the study of work, Ergonomics, 47(2), 134-153.4. Engeström, Y. (2001). Expansive learning at work: Toward an activity theoretical reconceptualization. Journal of Education and Work, 14(1), 133-156.5. Jarzabkowski, P. (2003). Strategy as social practice: An activity theory perspective on continuity and change. Journal of Management Studies, 40(1), 23-55.

  • 177. Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Problem-identification workshop as a future-oriented macroergonomic tool for managing the work environment2010Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE IEEM, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2010, s. 492-496Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at the challenges that most organizations face in the management of their work environments, with respect to the tools that they can use to effectively capture both the explicit and tacit knowledge held by their employees for subsequent reuse when decisions need to be made. The problem-identification workshop, which is a macroergonomic tool for enhancing the management of work environment in an organization, was tested in an organization. Participants identified organizational problems, proposed solutions to them, realistically assessed the desirability and possibility of these solutions, and finally recommended action plans to the organization for its shortterm, intermediate and long-term design and management of effective work environment towards enhancing work life and productivity in the organization. It was concluded that problem-identification workshop is a good socio-pedagogic method that can be used as an intelligent participatory intervention tool by managers in organizations in the management of their work environments.Keywords - Work environment, problem-identification workshop, participatory ergonomics, acroergonomic tool

  • 178. Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Using PIW as a strategic participatory tool to capture implicit knowledge in organizations2011Ingår i: Global Journal of Strategies and Governance, ISSN 1923-6042, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 27-41Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at the challenges that most organizations face in the management of their work environments, with respect to the tools that they can use to effectively capture both the explicit and tacit knowledge held by their employees for subsequent reuse when decisions need to be made. The problem-identification workshop (PIW), which is a participatory tool for enhancing the management of work environment in an organization, was tested in an organization. Participants identified organizational problems, proposed solutions to them, realistically assessed the desirability and possibility of these solutions, and finally recommended action plans to the organization for its short-term, intermediate and long-term design and management of effective work environment towards enhancing work life and productivity in the organization. It was concluded that PIW is a good socio-pedagogic method that can be used as an intelligent participatory intervention tool by managers in organizations in the management of their work environments. Keywords: Work environment; Implicit knowledge; Problem-identification workshop; Socio-pedagogic method; Strategic participatory tool.

  • 179.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Understanding social collaboration between actors and technology in an automated and digitised deep mining environment2011Ingår i: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 54, nr 10, s. 904-916Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to develop knowledge and learning on the best way to automate organizational activities in deep mines that could lead to the creation of harmony between the human, technical and the social system, towards increased productivity. The findings showed that though the introduction of high-level technological tools in the work environment disrupted the social relations developed over time amongst the employees in most situations, the technological tools themselves became substitute social collaborative partners to the employees. It is concluded that, in developing a digitised mining production system, knowledge of the social collaboration between the humans (miners) and the technology they use for their work must be developed. By implication, knowledge of the human’s subject-oriented and object-oriented activities should be considered as an important integral resource for developing a better technological, organisational and human interactive subsystem when designing the intelligent automation and digitisation systems for deep mines.

  • 180.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Using systemic approach to identify performance enhancing strategies of rock drilling activity in deep mines2012Ingår i: Advances in Cognitive Engineering and Neuroergonomics / [ed] Kay M. Stanney; Kelly S. Hale, Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group , 2012, s. 135-144Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looked at the need for understanding the sociotechnical and psychosocial characteristics of rock drilling activity in deep mines that could lead to the harmonization of the human, technological, and organizational components of the work systems. The aim is to identify performance enhancing strategies that could be used to improve and optimize human-technology collaboration in rock drilling activity in deep mines. Guided by the systemic structural activity theory, data was collected by video recording two skilled miners engaged in two separate rock drilling activities using a high technology drilling machine at a Swedish underground mine. Using the systemic analytical approach, the data obtained were analyzed morphologically and functionally. In the morphological analysis, the constructive features of the rock drilling activity, entailing the logical and spatio-temporal organization of the cognitive behavioral actions and operations involved, were described. In describing the structure of the production drilling activity, the work process was subdivided into tasks. These tasks were analyzed individually in terms of the miners’ mental and motor actions and operations. In the functional analysis, the actions and operations entailed in the rock drilling activity were appraised qualitatively, using systemic principles to identify potential strategies of activity performance. Results from analysis of the miners’ motors actions during the rock drilling activity showed that by using implicit driven strategies, they were able to perform simultaneously two specific tasks that required high levels of concentration and visual control in the normal visual field available to them from inside the protective cabin of the high technology equipment they were using. One task involved the miners’ use of both hands to operate joysticks to control the movements of two robotic arm drills (boomers). The miners other task entailed the visual location of drilling spots on a computer generated drilling surface spots map, and then guiding the robotic arms to the corresponding drill spots marked on the rock surfaces on which the drilling occurs. It is also found that despite the high level of concentration required in performing these two simultaneous tasks, the miners use their implicit knowledge of the rocks and the characteristics of sounds produced by the engagement between the robotic arm drill and the rock surface to enhance their performances. They simultaneously combine their mental actions and motor actions in recognizing and remedying the constraining effects of unfamiliar stimuli during the rock drilling activity. It is concluded that the functional efficiency and effectiveness of rock drilling activity as well as the miner’s productive performance in future automated and digitized deep mines could be enhanced by identifying the implicit characteristics of their performance enhancing actions and operational strategies. Such implicit characteristics of action and operational strategies are used by miners to facilitate the simultaneous functioning of their motor and mental actions, and by implication, enhance their productiveness and task performances in the rock drilling activity in the deep mines. This understanding has future implications in designing a very efficient and effective human-technology collaboration in a highly digitized deep mine work system.

  • 181.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Using systemic structural activity approach in identifying strategies enhancing human performance in mining production drilling activity2014Ingår i: Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, ISSN 1463-922X, E-ISSN 1464-536X, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 262-282Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to identify performance-enhancing strategies that could be used to improve and optimise human–technology collaboration in rock drilling ‘activity’ in deep mines. Results from the analysis of miners’ motor actions during rock drilling activity showed that by using procedurally driven strategies, they were able to perform simultaneously two specific tasks that required high levels of concentration and visual control in the normal visual field available to them from inside the protective cabin of the high-technology equipment they were using. The miners simultaneously combine their mental actions and motor actions in recognising and remedying the constraining effects of unfamiliar stimuli during the rock drilling task. It is concluded that the functional efficiency and effectiveness of rock drilling as well as the miner’s productive performance infuture automated and digitised deep mines could be enhanced by identifying the procedural characteristics of their performance-enhancing actions and operational strategies.

  • 182. Sandkull, Bengt
    et al.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Andersson, Eira
    Jansson, Anna
    Odenrick, Per
    Sörgärde, Nadja
    Illusion eller verklighet?: planerade förändringar i företag2008 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I boken diskuteras olika förhållanden som kan ge upphov till svårigheter vid genomförandet av organisationsförändringar. Idén om planerad förändring ingår i traditionen om den rationella företagsledningen. Den fick ett stort uppsving under 1900-talets senare del då standardiserade planeringsmodeller var på modet. Men efterhand tilltog kritiken mot formaliserad planering. Erfarenheterna visade att själva processen ofta är väl så viktig som planen. Trots detta lever synen på förändring som en rationellt planerad och styrd process kvar i stor utsträckning, inte minst i stora företag och i offentlig verksamhet.De erfarenheter från verkliga fall som redovisas i denna bok visar att s.k. planerade förändringar i de flesta fall misslyckas. Initiativet till förändring har kommit från koncern- eller företagsledningar, som påverkade av idéer om modern organisation sätter igång projekt med bristande förankring i den egna verksamheten. Projekten drivs ofta utan att de anställda får ett reellt utrymme för deltagande. Inte sällan är det bland mellanchefer och arbetsledare som det mesta motståndet mot förändringar uppstår.Författarna hävdar att det inte finns några generella föreskrifter om hur lyckade förändringar skall utformas, lika litet som att det finns generella föreskrifter om god företagsledning. I stället eftersträvas att läsarna skall kunna reflektera över problemen och inse att verkligheten inte är entydig utan kan tolkas från flera perspektiv.

  • 183.
    Segerstedt, Eugenia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Diversity of livelihoods and social sustainability in established mining communities2019Ingår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 610-619Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenges for any community that seeks to maintain a healthy and thriving social life around an operating mine have been considered at some length in research, but the picture is still far from complete. In order to pinpoint some of the gaps in research, the literature on social sustainability as applied to established mining communities in developed countries is here reviewed, and the general understanding of the social sustainability of such communities is touched on. Diversity of livelihoods is explored as an analytical lens which can be used to approach social sustainability challenges without essentializing the preferences of social groups. Extensive literature searches with keywords such as mining, work, gender, organization, social, sustainability, community, town, area, cohesion and inclusion were conducted. The results of our review show a research gap between studies of mining companies and studies of wider mining communities. We conclude that considering diversity of livelihoods can be a productive analytical tool when approaching aspects of social sustainability such as social cohesion and inclusion, gender equality, managed migration, demographics, and housing infrastructure. Continued research is recommended to further bridge the gap between studies of mining companies and studies of mining communities from the perspective of social sustainability.

  • 184. Waara, Peter
    et al.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Österberg, Lars
    Alltjämt många manliga män2006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 185.
    Weihed, Pär
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.
    Greberg, Jenny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Björkman, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Mineralteknik och metallurgi.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Andersson, Eira
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Bäckblom, Göran
    LKAB, Sverige.
    Project: Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for the Swedish Mining and Metal Producing Industry2014Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Developing the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for the Swedish Mining and Metal Producing Industry, for the years 2013-2030.

  • 186.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Stina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Rask, Kjell
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Framtidsfabriken: En vision av framtidens effektiva och attraktiva arbetsmiljöer i industrin2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här rapporten beskrivs metoder och resultat från projektet Framtidsfabriken, vars idé har varit att bryta traditionella mönster vid utformning av produktionssystem genom att inkludera grupper som i vanliga fall inte deltar i förändringsprojekt. Projektet har bedrivits på Arbetsvetenskap vid Luleå tekniska universitet. Syftet med projektet har dels varit att problematisera och utveckla metoder för produktionsutformning och dels att bidra till utveckling av teorierna om ’det goda arbetet’. En konkret frågeställning har varit; Hur utformas ett modernt produktionssystem baserat på krav formulerade av kvinnor och ungdomar? Projektets mål har varit att utforma en vision av en effektiv, attraktiv och långsiktigt hållbar arbetsmiljö i industrin. En avgränsning i projektet har varit valet att arbeta med industrin som bransch och inte en specifik typ av produktion eller ett visst företag. Projektet har bedrivits om ett interaktivt projekt i samarbete med aktörer från industrin. Totalt har 121 personer fördelat på 59 procent kvinnor och 41 procent män medverkat som deltagare i projektet. Deltagarna i projektet har varit anställda på både chefs- och medarbetarnivå i industrin, ungdomar, samt representanter för branschorganisationer och fackförbund. Arbetet har huvudsakligen genomförts i form av workshops samt fokusgrupper och intervjuer. Metoden har varit Future Workshops, där deltagarna inledningsvis diskuterar nuläge för att sedan arbeta med framtida ideala lösningar och idéer om implementering av lösningar. Även andra metoder har nyttjats; ”Personas” för att förmedla nuvarande situationer i industrin, scenarier för att stimulera till idéer om framtiden samt olika metoder och associativa bilder för att stimulera kreativitet och kommunikation i gruppen. Analys av material från intervjuer, observationer, diskussioner, val av bilder, ljud- och videoinspelningar har inriktats mot förståelse av deltagarnas kontexter och tolkning av deras behov och preferenser. Projektet har varit annorlunda genom målsättningen att bryta traditionella mönster av produktionsutformning genom att inkludera grupper som i vanliga fall inte deltar i förändringsprojekt. En vision av ett modernt produktionssystem har utformats, baserat på krav formulerade av kvinnor. Några exempel från visionen är att alla är medarbetare på Framtidsfabriken. Det är lika många män som kvinnor på alla befattningar. På framtidsfabriken arbetas med filosofin ’livslång trainee’. Man arbetar med olika former av nätverk, där olika kompetenser både inom och utanför företaget möts för att stimulera till innovation, ständig utveckling och förbättring. Flexibel arbetstid möjliggörs via individuella scheman. I lokalerna finns mötesplatser för kommunikation, nätverk och projektarbeten. Lokalerna är ljusa och färgsatta enligt företagsidentiteten. Teknik och kommunikation underlättas via ett enhetliga system, som alla kan ta del av.

  • 187.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Effective use of human actors in change processes: a participative approach to industrial development2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the International 3rd Swedish Production Symposium: SPS '09 / [ed] B-G Rosén, 2009, s. 206-212Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the project "The Future Factory" we are inspired by participatory design methods that emphasize early participation from stakeholders in the development process. We believe that a well-performed change process increase the commitment as well as it contributes to new competence among the workers. Our project aim is thus to involve different actors in future workshops in order to design an attractive and health promoting concept of a future factory as well as to develop methods for change processes that emphasize the importance of human actors as a resource.

  • 188.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Reframing practice through the use of personas2010Ingår i: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 285-298Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In focus in this paper is a development process of ‘Personas'; fictive characters used to reflect on norms and perspectives of practice. Although reflective practice is a well-known process to enhance and support learning, improvement, development, etc., it is not easy to implement. Drawing on theories of action, this paper describes learning gained through using the Persona method within a research project called the Future Factory. The process of developing a Persona includes reflective inquiries of the case approached and an analysis and Persona creation development that go hand-in-hand. Lessons learned are that the process of creating Personas has contributed to a critical reflection of inquired contexts and that both the technique itself and the process of creating Personas has contributed to re-framing practice among participants in the Future Factory project.

  • 189.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    The future factory: a concept designed by women and young people2009Ingår i: 17th World congress on Ergonomics: IEA 2009 ; Beijing, August 9 - 14, 2009, Bejing: Chinese Ergonomics Society , 2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In focus in this paper is the Future Factory, a research project involving women, young people and other stakeholders in workplace design and development. Drawing on the idea of ‘good work', efficient as well as attractive factories and interactive methods, the vision of the project is to both develop methods for such processes as well as to design a Future Factory on a conceptual level together with the participants. These participants include young people and women, as they are not attracted by factory work and face problems when working in industry. Management and union representatives are other stakeholders included in the project. In this paper we present the background of the project as well as the interactive methods used. These include future work-shops as well as the use of personas and scenarios to stimulate engagement of the participants. We also present some of the results, both in terms of the methods used and the participants' views on ‘good work'. The results are that the methods used did stimulate active participation, that they facilitated the focus and discussions on different problem situations. As a result of future workshops, it can also be concluded that young peoples' view on industrial work can be described in terms of a utopian as well as a dystopian vision. Both groups of participants indicate that ‘good work' should include possibilities of learning and development, tasks that are challenging and stimulating as well as autonomy. Furthermore, work should be carried out in teams, manufacturing facilities are important for the workplace culture and should contribute to healthy and attractive factories. Based on these results, it can be concluded that there are possibilities of developing methods that contribute to sustainable and attractive work places for both women and men.

  • 190.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Källhammer, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Personas as a method for applying gender theory in Triple Helix constellations: experiences from two research projects2010Ingår i: 8th Triple Helix Conference, Madrid 20-22 Oct 2010, 2010, s. 1-13Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In focus in this paper is the use of the Persona method for applying gender theory in Triple Helix systems. Whereas such systems often are considered gender neutral, we in contrast emphasize the need for understanding the process of ‘doing gender' within those constellations. The aim of this paper is to describe our experiences of developing Persona as a method for gender equality interventions within two Triple Helix constellations. The personas are fictional characters addressing issues and situations identified during initial mappings of the researched contexts. The method is used for communicating concerns, issues, needs and preferences with our participants. In our experience Persona is a useful method for visualizing identified situations and for a reframing of actors' gender awareness. The Persona method contributes to talk beyond that of the "problematic women issue" and shows a way to unsettle gender constructions.

  • 191.
    Öhrling, Therese
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Lönsam arbetsmiljö för städare: En empirisk studie av en kommunal städenhetsarbetsmiljösatsning2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Lönsam arbetsmiljö för städare visar hur städares arbetsmiljö och hälsa kan förbättrasom en bred satsning, som både innefattar fysiska och psykosociala arbetsmiljöfaktorer,genomförs. Även samband mellan god arbetsmiljö för städare och konkurrensfördelar harpåvisats.Städare beskrivs ofta som en utsatt yrkesgrupp i en hårt konkurrensutsatt bransch därdåliga arbetsförhållanden, höga sjuktal och tidiga pensionsavgångar sägs vara karaktäristiskt.Rekommendationer för hur städares arbetsmiljö ska förbättras översköljer branschen mendet finns ett glapp mellan teori och praktik och många av rekommendationerna införs inte ipraktiken. Detta tycks delvis bero på de hårt pressade priserna, som både leder till enförsämrad arbetssituation för städarna och till en bromsande effekt på långsiktigtarbetsmiljöarbete. Idag saknas goda exempel som visar hur städares arbetsmiljö i praktikenkan förbättras.

    Projektets slutsatser bygger på empiriska studier av en arbetsmiljösatsning som enkommunal städenhet har genomfört i syfte att förbättra de anställdas hälsa samt att höjakvalitén på städtjänsten. Satsning kan sammanfattas med orden ökad delaktighet och ökatinflytande för städarna samt förbättrade sociala relationer och kortare beslutsvägar.Satsningar på god fysisk arbetsmiljö för att minska den fysiska belastningen har ocksåbedrivits kontinuerligt. Vidare har städenheten getts möjlighet att omfördela de egnaekonomiska resurserna och anser nu att de genom strategiska satsningar har gynnat denegna organisationen, städarna och de offentliga verksamheter som utgör enhetens kunder.Fram tills idag har städenhetens strategi varit lyckad. Den arbetsrelaterade sjukfrånvaronhar sjunkit, kvalitén och effektiviteten på städtjänsterna har ökat och städarna beskriver enökad arbetsglädje och arbetsmotivation. Städenhetens arbetsmiljösatsning kan sägas utgöraett gott exempel för andra städorganisationer, oavsett ägandeform, för hur arbetsmiljö förstädares kan förbättras.

  • 192.
    Öhrling, Therese
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Kumar, Rupesh
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Assessment of the development and implementation of tools in contract cleaning2012Ingår i: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 43, nr 4, s. 687-694Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper illustrates and discusses problems with the implementation and use of ergonomic tools and techniques in the process of cleaning. Cleaning is an occupation with a high risk of developing work-related disorders. One high-strain task where recommended tools and techniques are difficult to apply is cleaning staircases. This study evaluated the muscular activity of cleaners while mopping staircases using two different mop handles and found that an easily adjustable mop handle can decrease a cleaner’s physical load. The results also show that the implementation and contextualization of the mop are of great importance for how a mop is used. A more holistic approach is needed to improve the benefits of good tools and techniques in cleaning work. More research is needed on how workplace organization can be improved to support the implementation of strategies to increase the health of professional cleaners.

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