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  • 1651.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Chefers arbetssituation vis SSAB Oxelösund AB2002Report (Other academic)
  • 1652.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Competence development among blue-collar workers1994In: Proceedings of the 12th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association / [ed] Sharon McFadden, International Ergonomics Association , 1994, Vol. 6, p. 73-75Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1653.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Competence development as a consequence of modern technology1998In: Manufacturing agility and hybrid automation-II: proceedings of the 6th International conference on human aspects of advanced manufacturing: agiligy and hybrid automation / [ed] Waldemar Karwowski, IEA press , 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1654.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Competence development: learning and will1996In: Advances in applied ergonomics: proceedings of the 1st international conference on applied ergonomics / [ed] Ahmet F Özok; Gavriel Salvendy, Istanbul: USA Publ. Corp. , 1996Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1655.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Definition av och resonemang kring begreppet kompetens1993Report (Other academic)
  • 1656.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Industribyggnaden: från hinder till stöd1993Report (Other academic)
  • 1657.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Kompetensutveckling - lära och vilja1997Report (Other academic)
  • 1658.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Kompetensutveckling inom industrin1997Report (Other academic)
  • 1659.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Kompetensutveckling inom industrin1993In: Ergonomi och företagsekonomi: årskonferens 15-17 september 1993, Badhotell Nådendal, Finland - NES ’93 / [ed] Ulla-Maija Landor, Åbo: University of Turku , 1993Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1660.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Kompetensutveckling: lära och vilja1998In: Arbejdet under forandring - forandring af arbejdet: taylorisme, postfordisme eller det udviklende arbejde?, Köpenhamn: Nordisk ministerråd, 1998, p. 250-264Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1661.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ledarskap och kompetensutveckling i en flexibel produktionsmiljö1996In: Fremtidens arbeidsliv - utviklingstrender, ergonomiske utfordring: Nordiska ergonomisällskapets konferens 1996, Nordiska ergonomisäl[l]skapet , 1996Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1662.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Nya former för kompetensutveckling och inlärning1995In: Menneske, arbejde og miljø - et baeredygtigt samspil?: [NES årskonference 1995, Skagen, Danmark 11.-13. oktober 1995] / [ed] Charlotte Dalsgaard, København: Nordisk ergonomiselskab og Selskab for arbejdsmiljø , 1995Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1663.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Organizational changes in the footsteps of technical development1998In: NES '98: Kommunikationen i arbete, Lund 1998 / [ed] G. Johansson, Nordiska ergonomisäl[l]skapet , 1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1664.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Organizational design as a consequence of modern technology1998In: Global ergonomics: proceedings of the Ergonomics Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 9-11 September 1998 / [ed] P.A. Scott; R.S. Bridger; J. Charteris, Elsevier, 1998, p. 865-868Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1665.
    Stubbs, Jonathan D.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Danielsson, Mats
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ohlsson, Kjell
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Reducing occupational accident and injury rates through safety and macroergonomic education of future managers2000In: Ergonomics for the New Millenium: proceedings of the XIVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and 44th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics society, July 29 through August 4, 2000, San Diego, California USA, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2000, Vol. Vol. 2, p. 209-212Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prevention of large-scale accidents (often called organizational disasters) is growing in importance in today's industrial organizations. Organizational disasters where large numbers of people and wide geographic areas are affected can mean serious economic and operation disruption to an organization. The role of managers in the prevention of organizational disasters is described as critical. However, typical manager attitude towards organizational disasters is that occurrence is unlikely. This attitude causes them to neglect prevention strategies and activities. Shaping the attitudes of future managers during their university level training (e.g., in MBA programmes) through a class in ergonomics and safety is described as one means to shape manager attitudes. Psychological models of attitude formation and behaviour show that an attitude is stronger when there is learning about a topic. Greater knowledge and interest may later prevent organization disasters when students become managers. There would likely be an additional benefit of greater awareness of existing ergonomics and safety programmes that guard against small, single worker accidents.

  • 1666.
    Stubbs, Jonathan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Danielsson, Mats
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Bringing ergonomics and safety programs to industrially developing countries: an additional dimension1999In: Proceedings of the 10th year anniversary of M. Sc. ergonomics: International conference, Luleå, Sweden, 29-30 October 1999 / [ed] John Abeysekera; Emma-Christina Lönnroth; D. Paul T. Piamonte; Houshang Shahnavaz, Luleå University of Technology. Department of Human Work Sciences. Division of Industrial Ergonomics , 1999, p. 36-41Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1667.
    Stubbs, Jonathan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Danielsson, Mats
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Management participation in organisational safety systems2001In: Engineering psychology and cognitive ergonomics: Industrial ergonomics, HCI and applied cognitive psychology, Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing , 2001, p. 315-321Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Literature relative to safety management and safety climate is reviewed and discussed. Emphasis is on the role of managers in organisational safety. Recognised is that while there are managers who incorporate safety into their management and decision styles, many do not. Via consideration of factors such as management decision styles, reasons behind lack of management involvement in safety are explored. The authors describe a project that has developed a method to increase management awareness by involving them in a simple safety assessment process. Development of the process and strategies used are briefly outlined.

  • 1668.
    Stubbs, Jonathan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Danielsson, Mats
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ohlsson, Kjell
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Safety programs and accident prevention: prevention of organizational disasters1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As a preliminary study, a literature survey has been conducted. The survey aims at researching current thinking on techniques useful for prevention and investigation of major fires and other accidents in industrial settings. The increasingly complex technologies used in major industries, as for instance chemical processing, mean that while day-to-day operations are without incident, there is also the potential for serious disasters when combinations of events defeat usual safeguards. 125 books and articels were selected for review. Most of the titles pertains to Human Factors related safety research. Key concepts are that disasters are caused well in advance, that the decisions are made by those in supervisory or management positions, that in making decision risks are unknown or ignored and that the decisions cause normal safety mechanisms to be inadequate. Throughout the literature reviewed direct or indirect reference was made to management's role in disaster prevention.

  • 1669.
    Stålnacke, Peter
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Waara, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ungdomsforskning i Barentsregionen2006Report (Other academic)
  • 1670.
    Sundströ, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Aktivitet: Branschråd Livsmedel2001Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Navn: Ordförande

  • 1671.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Better work environment for small companies in Sweden2000In: Ergonomics for the new millenium: proceedings of the XIVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and 44th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics society, July 29 through August 4, 2000, San Diego, California USA, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2000, Vol. Vol. 6, p. 175-177Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Department of Human Work Sciences at Lulea University of Technology, Sweden, has, since the autumn of 1991, been conducting a research project that offers a free advisory service regarding matters of the working environment to companies with fewer than 50 employees. The model used has offered the companies 16 hours' free advisory service and an additional 75 hours at half price. The project is financed by the Swedish Council for Work Life Research. This service is offered to all types of small company - both those that produce goods and those that produce services. A total of 148 small companies have contacted the service. At present the improvement process in these companies is being evaluated. The material presented in this paper represents only a part of the evaluation. In the evaluation the following questions are considered: why is the company interested in issues concerning the working environment? what advantages does the company derive from an improved working environment? does an improved working environment, with the introduction of new technology, result in any financial gain.

  • 1672.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Electrical hypersensitivity: a work place design problem?1999In: Proceedings of the international conference on computer-aided ergonomics and safety / [ed] P. Mondelo; M. Mattila; W. Karwowski, Barcelona: Universitat Politechnica de Catalunya , 1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1673.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Electrical hypersensitivity: the work environment problem of the future?1997Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1674.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Elöverkänslighet: framtidens arbetsmiljöproblem?1996In: Fremtidens arbeidsliv - utviklingstrender, ergonomiske utfordring: Nordiska ergonomisällskapets konferens 1996, Nordiska ergonomisäl[l]skapet , 1996Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1675.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Free advisory service to small companies in Sweden1998In: Global ergonomics: proceedings of the Ergonomics Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 9-11 September 1998 / [ed] Pat A. Scott; R.S. Bridger; Jack Charteris, Elsevier, 1998, p. 745-748Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1676.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Free advisory service to small companies regarding the working environment1996In: Advances in applied ergonomics.: proceedings of the 1st international conference on applied ergonomics / [ed] Ahmet F Özok; Gavriel Salvensy, Istanbul: USA Publ. Corp. , 1996, p. 409-12Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1677.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Free advisory service to small companies regarding the working environment1994Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1678.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Förändringsarbete i små företag1994In: Genomförandet av förändringar: NES 94 - Nordiska ergonomisällskapets årskonferens, 14-16 september 1994, Stenungsund, Sverige / [ed] Gunnar Palmerud, Göteborg: Nordiska ergonomisäl[l]skapet , 1994Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1679.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Improve the work environment in working life2000In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention: Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain, 23-25 February 2000 / [ed] P.R. Mondelo; W. Karwowski; M. Mattila, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1680.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Improving the working environment2008In: Proceedings of the AHFE /AEI 2008 Conference: 2nd International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics / [ed] W. Karwowski; G. Salvendy, Louisville, KY: USA Publishing , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1681.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Kostnadsfri arbetsmiljöservice för små företag1992In: Mennesket og omgivelsen i takt: NES 1992., Lillehammer Sept. 23-25, Nordiska ergonomisäl[l]skapet , 1992Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1682.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ny produktionsteknik och framtidens arbete i småföretag1990In: Ny teknik, nya problem, nya möjligheter: NES 90 - Nordiska ergonomisällskapets årskonferens 5-8 september 1990, Kiruna, Sverige / [ed] Hans Hayenhjelm, Stockholm: Nordiska ergonomisäl[l]skapet , 1990Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1683.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Projekt: Arbetsmiljöanpassade produkter och processer2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    i samverkan med Exportrådet, Sveriges Provnings- och Forskningsinstitut och IVF.  Ett VINNOVA-projekt

  • 1684.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Projekt: PEN, Plattform Entreprenörskap i Norr2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    i samverkan med Småföretagsakademien och Handelshögskolan vid Umeå Universitet, ett EU Mål 1-projekt.

  • 1685.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Projekt: Systemlösningar i nätverk och kluster2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    i samverkan med Exportrådet, Sveriges Provnings- och Forskningsinstitut och IVF, ett Nutek-projekt.

  • 1686.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Små företags behov av kompetensutveckling1998In: NES '98: kommunikationen i arbete / [ed] G. Johansson, Nordiska ergonomisäl[l]skapet , 1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1687.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Vad gör små företag åt sin arbetsmiljö?1993In: Ergonomi och företagsekonomi: årskonferens 15-17 september 1993, Badhotell Nådendal, Finland - NES ’93 / [ed] Ulla-Maija Landor, Åbo: University of Turku , 1993Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1688.
    Sundström, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Varför vill småföretag utnyttja arbetsmiljöservice?1995In: Menneske, arbejde og miljø - et baeredygtigt samspil?: [NES årskonference 1995, Skagen, Danmark 11.-13. oktober 1995] / [ed] Charlotte Dalsgaard, København: Nordisk ergonomiselskab og Selskab for arbejdsmiljø , 1995, p. 117-120Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1689.
    Sörqvist, Patrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    The role of working memory capacity in auditory distraction2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The basis of individual differences in susceptibility to auditory distraction has been a research field largely ignored. The current work presents four studies demonstrating that individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) are related to the magnitude of auditory distraction. The first three reports showed that high WMC attenuates the effects of speech and aircraft noise on reading comprehension and prose memory. The fourth report showed that high WMC attenuates the power of unexpected sound stimulation to capture our attention, but not the interference from changing-state sound streams to seriation processes.Furthermore, the first and the second report showed that the capacity to exclude new, potentially relevant but ultimately irrelevant, materials from memory underlies the relationship between WMC and the effects of speech on reading comprehension/prose memory. Based on these results, a new perspective of WMC called the "sub-process view" was developed, according to which WMC is a compound of functionally distinct subprocesses: some of which are related to auditory distraction. Ten years ago it was not at all clear if cognitive-control processes play a role in auditory distraction, but the studies reported in this thesis strongly suggest that cognitive-control - as reflected in WMC -constitutes a fundamental basis of individual differences in susceptibility to auditory distraction.

  • 1690.
    Sörqvist, Patrik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Körning-Ljungberg, Jessica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ljung, Robert
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    A sub-process view of working memory capacity: evidence from effects of speech on prose memory2010In: Memory, ISSN 0965-8211, E-ISSN 1464-0686, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 310-326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we outline a framework labelled the "sub-process view" for understanding correlations between working memory capacity (WMC) and other phenomena. This view suggests that "WMC = sub-process1 + sub-process2 + ... + sub-processn" and that any relationship between WMC and another construct is actually a relationship with a specific sub-process covered by the WMC construct. Furthermore, different sub-processes are functionally distinct and they can be measured by specific intrusion errors on WMC tasks. We show that a sub-process (measured by immediate/current-list intrusions) is related to the effects of speech on prose memory (semantic auditory distraction), whereas another sub-process (measured by delayed/prior-list intrusions) is not (Experiment 1 and 2). Furthermore, we developed a new WMC task ("size-comparison span") and found that the relationship between WMC (measured with "operation span") and semantic auditory distraction is actually a relationship between a sub-process (measured by current-list intrusions in our new task) and semantic auditory distraction (Experiment 2). In contrast, previous research has shown that delayed intrusions underlie the correlation between WMC and reading comprehension, whereas immediate intrusions are unrelated to reading comprehension. Taken together, we argue that WMC is related to semantic auditory distraction and reading comprehension for entirely different reasons.

  • 1691. Teymourian, Kiumars
    et al.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Comparison of working situation in small scale enterprises in Sweden, Japan and Korea1996In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Ergonomics Society, University of Leicester 10-12 April 1996 / [ed] S.A. Robertson, Taylor and Francis Group , 1996, p. 105-110Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1692. Teymourian, Kiumars
    et al.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Integration of two aspects of macro-ergonomics (formalization and centralization) in small scale companie in Sweden1996In: 4th Pan-Pacific Conference on Occupational Ergonomics: Taipei, Taiwan. 11-14 Nov., 1996, Ergonomics society of Taiwan , 1996, p. 328-331Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1693. Teyomurian, Kiumars
    et al.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    An ergonomic investigation on production, task and stress in small and medium-siezed enterprises (SMEs) in the northern part of Sweden1996In: Human factors in organizational design and management - V: of the Fifth International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management held in Breckenridge, Co., U.S.A., July 31-August 3, 1996 / [ed] Ogden Brown Jr.; Hal W. Hendrick, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1996, p. 291-296Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1694. Toolanen, Bengt
    et al.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Transparency and cooperation: essential factors of lean constructing2005In: Proceedings: 13th Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction / [ed] Russell Kenley, Sydney: International group for lean construction , 2005, p. 127-133Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Managing the growing extent of fast, complex and uncertain construction projects is in many ways the focus within prevalent Lean Construction theories. An essential prerequisite to get a more effective and lean construction process is to use adequate procurement models to promote innovation and cooperation. This paper presents a study of how different project related prerequisites affect the choice of performance, remuneration and cooperation models when contracting. The results are based on a field survey among professional construction clients with the purpose to investigate how different factors such as short lead time, market competition, different kinds of uncertainties and strategic considerations are affecting the contracting process. Choosing the performance model is mainly connected to the distribution of responsibility of the design between the client and the contractor. However, project oriented and external factors can also impact this decision, e.g. lead time for project execution, technical complexity and lack of interested bidders increases the usage of design and build types of contracts. Decisions of remuneration and cooperation models are highly connected to the risk management of projects where short lead time, poor competition and different kinds of uncertainties are present. Under these circumstances and when the client wants to participate strategically in the construction process, transparent models of remuneration and cooperation during a partnership are favoured.

  • 1695.
    Toro-Troconis, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Clinical e-lecture programmes at Imperial College London2008In: 01 : the newsletter of LTSN-01, ISSN 1740-8768, no 16, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1696.
    Toro-Troconis, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Enhancing asynchronous communications in a virtual learning environment through a collaborative learning model for future ergonomics interventions2003Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the concepts of collaborative learning. Introduces an innovative online learning model which will lead students to participate effectively in a new collaborative online learning environment, developing skills by doing and interacting with online simulations and self- assessments, and developing knowledge by participating actively in discussions with tutors and peer-students. Once this learning model takes place and students and tutors get engaged in the ideal collaborative online learning environment using different communication mechanisms available in the Virtual Learning Environment of the course, further analysis will take place to assess the usability of asynchronous communication mechanisms used within that learning environment. According to all the issues presented in this piece of work, we can argue that in order to provide an effective collaborative virtual learning environment, the learning model should follow not only a consistent educational model, which encourages and promote collaboration and skills and knowledge development but also takes into account the users/learners experience during the design process.

  • 1697.
    Toro-Troconis, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Game-based learning for virtual patients in Second Life®2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the field of medicine, various representative simulations have been developed to support the decreasing number of learning opportunities with real patients; the use of virtual patients is among them. Virtual patients are real-life clinical scenarios used for the purpose of medical education. They usually follow a linear or branching approach and they are usually accessed via a computer browser or as part of a computer programme. The purpose of this thesis was to design, and develop a platform for the delivery of virtual patients following a game-based approach in the virtual world of Second Life®, investigating attitudes and gender differences among medical students at Imperial College London. Virtual worlds, such as Second Life®, are 3D spaces in which users meet and interact and in which learning opportunities can take place. Second Life® was selected for this study due to its popularity among UK Higher Education Institutions at the time of the development. The virtual patients’ activities were designed following game-based learning and pedagogic principles. The technical infrastructure was designed following a Component-Based System (CBS) structure as a distributed three tier architecture presenting information via a Heads-Up-Display (HUD). The first study carried out concentrated on the survey “My feelings when playing games” developed by Bonnano and Kommers (2008). The survey was comprised of 21 statements. Six statements related to the affective component, five statements are about perceived usefulness, six statements about perceived control and four statements about behavioral components. Two groups were involved, one accessing a virtual patient via Second Life® and the other via an e-module. This study involved 42 Year 3 undergraduate medical students (21 years old). The gender distribution of the respondents was 42.85% female (n = 18) and 57.14% male (n = 24). The tendency encountered in each group towards the different attitudinal components was analysed as well as gender-related attitudes. Both groups showed very similar results in relation to the Attitudinal Components. In general, females demonstrated a more positive attitude overall for the perceived usefulness component. Other studies looked at and contrasted, provided interesting thoughts and reflections on gender tendencies and game play. It was concluded that more inclusive and holistic studies in this area ought to be carried out in order to identify game play tendencies in professional-level simulation with adults at university level, which may counteract outdated perceptions about age and gender differences in game play. The second study described the use of the Nominal Group Technique (NGT) to assess students’ attitudes again. Two groups of undergraduate medical students (Yr 3, n=14) were invited to participate. The research question posed was: “In your opinion what are the advantages and disadvantages of learning in Second Life® compared with other methods?” The results provide a different perspective to the ones highlighted in the first study. Results from the first group focused on the learning experience highlighting its importance for clinical diagnosis as a structure for learning. The second group focused on the clinical exposure although they were ambivalent about the advantages of this type of delivery mode. In general, learners did not find the virtual patient activities challenging enough. The results of this thesis show that although a game-based learning approach was followed in the design of the virtual patient activities and interfaces, the repetitive linear presentation of the cases did not motivate the students enough, targeting only low-end Cognitive skills which may be more suitable for students in Year 1 and 2. The use of more challenging branching learning experiences, such as the ones developed by the PIVOTE authoring system are suggested for the delivery of virtual patients in clinical years. All the programming code used in the CBS has been released as open source, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 3.0 License, in order to stimulate other interested parties in the development of similar applications in the virtual world of Second Life®.

  • 1698.
    Toro-Troconis, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Medics enter virtual world: Imperial's students are among the first in the UK to use Second Life, the Internet-based virtual world, as a learning tool2008In: Reporter : the Newspaper of Imperial College London, Vol. 190, p. 11-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1699.
    Toro-Troconis, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Online course in ergonomics: an exploratory study in Venezuela2002In: Third international cyberspace conference on ergonomics: CybErg 2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1700.
    Toro-Troconis, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Online course in ergonomics: an exploratory study in Venezuela2001In: HCI international 2001: 9th international conference on human-computer interaction : jointly with 4the international conference on engineering psychology and cognitive ergonomics, 1st international conference on universal access in human-computer interaction symposium on human interface (Japan) 2001, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
31323334353637 1651 - 1700 of 1866
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