Change search
Refine search result
234567 201 - 250 of 331
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 201.
    Persson, Curt
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    På disponentens tid: Hjalmar Lundbohms syn på samer och tornedalingar2013 (ed. 2)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 202.
    Persson, Curt
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    På disponentens tid: Hjalmar Lundbohms syn på samer och tornedalingar2011Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 203.
    Persson, Curt
    Norrbottens museum.
    Småskalig industri i skuggan av megasystemet2007In: Norrbotten: årsbok 2007, Luleå: Norrbottens hembygdsförbund , 2007, p. 42-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Persson, Curt
    Norrbottens museum.
    Tiden före kyrkan2009In: Jukkasjärvi kyrka och bygd 400 år, Kiruna: Jukkasjärvi församling , 2009, p. 6-14Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 205.
    Persson, Curt
    Norrbottens museum.
    Tidig bebyggelse i Kiruna2010In: Norrbotten: årsbok 2010, Luleå: Norrbottens hembygdsförbund , 2010, p. 140-165Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 206.
    Persson, Curt
    Kiruna kommun.
    Tornedaling i det tidiga Kiruna1999In: Tornionlaakson vuosikirja = Tornedalens årsbok, Tornio: Tornionlaakson kuntain toimikunta , 1999, p. 153-163Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 207.
    Persson, Curt
    Kiruna kommun.
    Vittankijärvi/Sevuvuoma: bo och mötesplats1994Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 208.
    Persson, Curt
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Världens nordligaste spårväg: ett transportsystem i Kiruna2011In: Norrbotten: årsbok 2011, Luleå: Norrbottens hembygdsförbund , 2011, p. 182-197Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 209.
    Persson, Curt
    et al.
    Kiruna kommun.
    Thorneus, Maj-Britt
    Tegeltillverkning i Jukkasjärvi (området) under åren 1890-19301997Report (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Pettersson, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ek, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Wind power planning and permitting: comparative perspectives from the Nordic countries2010In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 14, no 9, p. 3116-3123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare some important institutional and legal preconditions for wind power development in three Nordic countries: Denmark, Norway and Sweden. In the paper a number of historical, institutional and policy-related differences across these countries are highlighted, but most attention is paid to the various territorial planning procedures. The analysis suggests that although public economic support to wind power is necessary to promote its diffusion in the electricity system, similar policy instruments - in terms of both size and design - can induce significantly different developments depending on the legal preconditions for the location and environmental assessment of windmills. The success and failure stories of technology support policies can thus not easily be transferred across country borders. An important conclusion is that in comparison to Sweden the physical planning systems in both Denmark and Norway provide greater scope for implementing a national wind power policy at the local level. For instance, the Danish planning system is vertically integrated, and involves a designation of areas for wind power purposes in the local plans, while the municipalities in Sweden must in some way assent to (i.e., plan for) the establishment of windmills at a certain location in order for the installation to actually take place. Compared to its competitors, wind power is one of the power-generating technologies that tend to have the most to lose from the uncertainties created by planning regulations that leave much discretion to local authorities.

  • 211. Pääjärvi, Peter
    et al.
    Persson, Curt
    Kiruna kommun.
    Törmä, Kjell
    Statistik om politik: Kirunaborna röstar rött även i riksdagsvalen2000In: Kiruna: 100-årsboken, Kiruna: Kiruna kommun , 2000, p. 184-185Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Jørgensen, Dolly
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Animals as instruments of Norwegian imperial authority in the interwar Arctic2016In: Journal for the History of Environment and Society, ISSN 2506-6730, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 65-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the first half of the twentieth century a number of individuals in Norway participated in the transfer of animals from both the Arctic to the Antarctic regions and vice versa. These projects may be conceptualized as a form of imperial acclimatization, following in the footsteps of earlier attempts to transplant both plants and animals from their indigenous ranges to new geographic locations for both practical and recreational purposes. Reindeer were introduced to the island of South Georgia before World War I as Norwegian whalers turned a space previously uninhabited by humans into the operational hub of a booming Antarctic whaling industry. The successful transplantation of reindeer was followed by less successful attempts to transfer muskoxen from Greenland to Svalbard and the Scandinavian mainland, penguins from the Antarctic to the coast of Norway, and dreams of transferring fur seals from south to north. We argue that these attempts constituted both practical attempts to “enrich” the fauna of discrete habitats, but also expressions of Norwegian authority over the polar regions at a time when imperial ambitions in both the Arctic and Antarctic had significant traction within Norway. The transplanted animals may thus be conceived as geopolitical instruments – mastery over fauna as being a means of expressing mastery over space.

  • 213. Roine, Wiklund
    Aktivitet: Humtank2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Humanistisk tankesmedja

  • 214.
    Rönnbäck, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Aktivitet: Fellow researcher2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 215.
    Rönnbäck, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Projekt: Forma framtiden – ett genuspedagogiskt skolprojekt för ett jämställt samhälle, 2005-20062012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 216.
    Rönnbäck, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Projekt: Genus, medborgarskap, offentlig politik, 1848-19982012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Tvärtvetenskapligt forskningsprogram finansierat av HSFR.

  • 217.
    Strand, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lokaliseringen av en norrbottnisk masugn i 1870-talets tekniska brytningstid: motiv och lokaliseringsfaktorer bakom Törefors masugn2007In: Samhällsförändrarna: livsmönster, ideér och teknisk förändring, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2007, p. 217-232Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 218. Strand, Mattias
    Törefors masugn 1875-1887: om en masugns tillkomst och avveckling i en för järnhanteringen teknisk brytningstid2005Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats kommer att studera och analysera tillkomsten, driften och avvecklingen av masugnen i Törefors i Norrbottens län. Tackjärntillverkningen vid masugnen pågick från år 1875 till och med år 1887. Det övergripande syftet med denna uppsats är att analysera orsakerna till varför masugnen uppfördes i Törefors och varför den avvecklades redan efter 13 år. Mer konkret uttryckt innebär detta att jag skall söka svar på följande frågor: Varför anlades en masugn i Törefors i början av 1870-talet? Och varför avvecklades masugnen efter endast 13 års drift? I försöken att besvara dessa frågor har jag undersökt ett antal, för det sena 1800-talet masugnsetableringar, centrala lokaliseringsfaktorer, den ekonomiska konjunkturen vid tiden för beslutet att bygga ugnen samt olika aktörsperspektivets inverkan. Likaledes har dessa lokaliseringsfaktorer, ekonomiska konjunkturen samt aktörsperspektivet spelat en betydande roll i försöken att förklara avvecklingen. En särskild uppmärksamhet kommer att ägnas åt huruvida tekniska genombrott med anknytning till järnhanteringen påverkade beslutet att bygga masugnen. Beslutet att bygga masugnen togs sannolikt med utgångspunkt i den gynnsamma konjunkturen, de låga kolpriser som rådde i Norrbotten, planerna på att med hjälp av en järnväg till Siknäs i närheten av Törefors göra det möjligt att nyttja Gällivaremalmen samt entreprenören Robert Loders framtidstro på Törefors och framförallt dennes kapital som indirekt eller direkt finansierade tillkomsten av ugnen. Den huvudsakliga orsaken till varför masugnen uppfördes i Törefors och inte Siknäs var tillgången på strömmande vatten i Törefors. Huvudorsaken till avvecklingen var att den planerade järnvägen till Siknäs aldrig blev av. Konjunkturen hade kraftigt försämrats. Skillnaderna i priset på träkol i förhållande till Bergslagen hade minskat. Samt att entreprenören Robert Loder avled år 1886 och med honom försvann visionerna och framförallt hans kapital.

  • 219.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Aktivitet: Svenska nationalkommittén för teknik- och vetenskapshistoria2005Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Namn: Vice ordförande

  • 220.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Clean technology and the role of environmental policy: experiences from Swedish industry with comparisons to the U.S. case in the 1970s and 1980s2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 221.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Den vetenskapliga kontroversens roll: miljöargument mot massateknik under 1900-talet2005In: Polhem : Tidskrift för teknikhistoria, ISSN 1653-4964, Vol. 2, p. 43-64Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 222.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    En djärv "miljö"-satsning i Luleå vid sekelskiftet 1900: uppbyggnaden av VA-systemet2007In: Stadsarkivets årsbok, Luleå: Luleå kommun. Stadsarkivet , 2007, p. 15-38Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 223.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Environmental awakening in the Swedish paper and pulp industry: pollution resistance and firm responses in the Early 20th century2009In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 32-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to analyse in what way a conflict in the early 20th century (1904-1911) over a Swedish pulp mill's emissions into air and water impacted on the technology choices and strategies of the mill. The article also analyses what characterized the company's other responses to the complaints, in the form of counter-arguments, as well as engagement of experts. The access to information about the deliberations at the mill's board meetings is very rare in historical studies of company behaviour in relation to the environment, and provides us with a unique opportunity to comprehend in what way business strategies were developed during the course of the conflict. Technology choices are often characterized by the search for knowledge that enables a company to employ existing but not yet developed technical potentials, rather than choices between known technical solutions. We emphasize that this is particularly evident in a case where a company is forced to alter its technology in order to solve previously unknown environmental problems. In spite of a persistent search, the mill did not find any ready-made technological solutions to the environmental problems faced and was therefore forced to engage scientific expertise and even initiate basic scientific research. In 1911, the Swedish Supreme Administrative Court ordered the mill to undertake a number of pollution abatement investments. Interestingly - and partly in line with the so-called Porter hypothesis - the long-run economics of these investments turned out to be more favourable than anticipated prior to the verdict

  • 224.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Governing socio-technical transitions: historical lessons from the implementation of centralized water and sewer systems in northern Sweden, 1900-19502013In: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, ISSN 2210-4224, E-ISSN 2210-4232, Vol. 7, p. 37-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two historical case studies are examined which address the role of public policy with respect to an important socio-technical transition of the first half of the 20th century from a Swedish perspective, with clear implications for the environment and sustainability: the expansion of centralized public water and sewer systems (WSS). This was carried out in the presence of significant government intervention in terms of both financial, legislative and consultative means, and involved changing norms about health and welfare in the Swedish society. The analysis indicates that the cocktail of diverse governmental initiatives seems to have worked in favour for the socio-technical transition, and that this was in large due to the way government made the transition-related uncertainties and costs move from the local to the regional and national level.

  • 225.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Housing, public policy and the environment in a historical perspective: lessons from Swedish post-war society2013In: International Journal of Sustainable Society, ISSN 1756-2538, E-ISSN 1756-2546, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 24-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a European perspective, housing-related expenses of Swedish households have increased considerably in real terms since the 1950s. Given that households through these consumption patterns contribute to a major share of the country's emissions of harmful substances and waste, e.g. through energy use, a qualitative analysis of critical explanations over time to the increase in housing-related expenses is motivated. This paper identifies and explores the emergence of a number of socio-technical structures and systems with important explanatory value in this context. It is concluded that the housing-related consumption of the average post-war Swedish household is strongly embedded in physical structures, which, to a considerable extent, can be explained by public intervention and policy traditions in the past. This opens up vital avenues for contemporary policy, aiming for behavioural change; however, a fundamental prerequisite for the government wishing to motivate more sustainable consumption must be to be conscious about its own historically determined role in this context

  • 226.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lukten från Örebro Pappersbruk: föroreningsmotstånd och teknikval under tidigt 1900-tal2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En vanligt förekommande uppfattning är att den svenska industrin tvingades tillämpa miljövänligare produktionstekniker först i och med den moderna miljölagstiftningen under senare hälften av 1900-talet. Det övergripande syftet med denna uppsats är dock att studera hur en miljökonflikt, dess förlopp och resultat, kom att påverka teknikvalet inom ett svenskt pappers- och massaproducerande företag redan under tidigt 1900-tal. Fallstudien utgörs av en konflikt mellan Örebro Pappersbruk och en lokal opinion i Örebro, som pågick under perioden 1904-1911. Massaindustrin stod för några av de mest debatterade industriella föroreningsproblemen vid sekelskiftet 1900, och Örebro-konflikten fick extra stor uppmärksamhet, inte minst inom den egna branschen. Den lämpar sig således väl för att studera dåtidens föroreningsmotstånd och den relaterade tekniska utvecklingen. Uppsatsen redovisar de klagomål och rättsliga åberopanden som förekom under konfliktens gång, samt analyserar vad som kännetecknade brukets sökande efter tekniska lösningar. Klagomålen fokuserades på brukets förorening av vattnet i Svartån och Hjälmaren, och det därmed hotade fisket, samt på den "hälsovådliga" sulfatlukten. Konflikten upphörde, åtminstone tillfälligt, när Regeringsrättens dom föll 1911. Då ålades pappersbruket bl. a att uppföra en hög skorsten som skulle föra de illaluktande gaserna bort från staden, samt att investera i olika anordningar som bidrog till att minska fibermängden i brukets avfallsvatten. Nathan Rosenbergs analys av teknisk utveckling utgör den centrala teoretiska utgångspunkten i uppsatsen. Enligt Rosenberg kännetecknas teknikval av sökandet efter tekniska kunskaper för att kunna tillämpa ej ännu utvecklade tekniska möjligheter snarare än av ett val mellan färdigställda tekniska lösningar. Uppsatsen visar att detta fenomen blir speciellt tydligt då ett företag tvingas anpassa sin teknik för att lösa miljöproblem som det tidigare inte behövt ta hänsyn till. Örebro Pappersbruk hade, liksom branschen i stort, mycket magra kunskaper om vad som orsakade dess vatten- och luftföroreningar och om hur problemet kunde lösas. Trots ett ihärdigt sökande fann det inga färdiga tekniska lösningar och ej heller någon djupare förståelse för problemets natur. Pappersbruket blev därför nödgat att tillsammans med andra företag söka hjälp av vetenskaplig expertis och initiera ren grundforskning.

  • 227.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Miljöforskning inom den svenska pappers- och massaindustrin: från sekelskiftets luktkommitté till 60- och 70-talens laboratorier och forskningsinstitut2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport bidrar med en översikt över den svenska pappersmassabranschens "miljövårdande" forskningsaktiviteter från sekelskiftet 1900 fram till tidigt 1970-tal. Skogsindustrins kemiska anknytning bidrog redan under sent 1800-tal till att det upprättades kemiska forskningslaboratorier i flera svenska massafabriker. Det är emellertid framförallt ifråga om forskning kring industrins miljöeffekter som den svenska skogsindustrin har en imponerande tradition. Redan 1908 organiserades branschen i syfte att försöka lösa sulfatmassaproduktionens luktproblem, och när Institutet för vatten- och luftvårdsforskning (IVL) startade verksamheten 1965, var skogsindustrin den industri i Sverige som kommit överlägset längst i fråga om forskning kring hanteringen av framförallt det vattenburna avfallet. Den svenska traditionen av samarbete och samförstånd i miljövårdsfrågor, inom pappers- och massaindustri såväl som mellan staten och industrin, har troligtvis fungerat stimulerande på den svenska miljötekniska utvecklingen och spridningen i jämförelse med länder som saknar denna tradition och som tenderat driva en mer inflexibel miljöpolitik från 1960-talet och framåt.

  • 228.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Mormor, mamma och jag: svenska kvinnor och hushållens resande sedan 1940-talet2011In: Genus i norrsken, ISSN 1654-7640, no 1-2, p. 3-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 229.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    ”Olägenheterna av sulfatlukten är varken större eller mindre än lukten från vitkålsland om hösten”2015In: Nordisk Pappershistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1101-2056, no 2, p. 20-22Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 230.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Policy-driven socio-technical structures and Swedish households' consumption of housing and transport since the 1950s2010In: Environmental Policy and Household Behaviour: Sustainability and Everyday Life, London: Earthscan / James & James, 2010, p. 149-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Skilj på kvalitet och kvantitet i forskningen2010In: SydsvenskanArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 232.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Sustainability and Swedish household consumption since the 1950s: the role of policy-driven socio-technical systems2009In: Programme for WCEH 4th-8th August 2009 / [ed] Verena Winiwarter, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the contemporary debate on sustainable consumption, private consumption of energy, transportation, housing and food is given special attention, not the least since it constitutes significant share of total expenses but also since the environmental impacts are believed to be particularly negative. The objective of this paper is to broaden our understanding of: (a) the different consumption patterns of various Swedish household groups since the 1950s; and (b) the interrelationship between households' consumption patterns and national policy decisions during the same time period. The focus lies on consumer expenditures with significant negative impacts on the natural environment, and on policy decisions resulting in socio-technological and path-dependent systems introducing major inertia in the consumption patterns of Swedish households. The consumption patterns of over 2000 Swedish households have been examined and documented regularly since 1958 by Statistics Sweden. By studying these data we learn that although private consumption in total has increased extensively in all types of households since the post-war period, consumption patterns have varied substantially across the different groups. The shares of energy, transportation and housing expenses vary over time but also across different groups of households. A more detailed understanding of the different consumption patterns of various household groups since the 1950s may provide important lessons for contemporary environmental policy, for instance by illustrating how income changes, family size and geography affect the propensity to purchase goods and services with negative impacts on the environment. In the paper we pay particular attention to the above consumption patterns in the context of a number of, for the Swedish post-war society central development paths, like those of the ‘car society', the housing policy and the retail trade. A number of post-war policy decisions have influenced Swedish households' consumption of cars and transportation services, and housing areas have increased substantially since the 1950s. Simultaneously, the public room has constantly become more and more commercialized. The post-war housing policy, the far-reaching car-adaptation of Swedish society and the ever-developing retail trade (from counter service towards external shopping-centers) can in combination be looked upon as large socio-technological systems. These are strongly linked as well as path dependent, i.e. self-reinforcing. In this way the paper contributes with a broader understanding of the interrelationship between households' actual consumption expenditures and past policy-decisions resulting in socio-technological and path-dependent systems.

  • 233.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Svenska riksdagskvinnor i samförstånd och konflikt under tidigt 1990-tal2013In: Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, ISSN 0809-6341, E-ISSN 1891-1781, Vol. 37, no 3-4, p. 274-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med sin långa tradition av en stadigt växande andel kvinnor i politiken lämpar sig de nordiska länderna väl att studera vad gäller betydelsen av kvinnors intressen(och antal) för politikens innehåll. I detta sammanhang är det tidiga 1990-talets svenska riksdag särskilt intressant – då sjönk antalet riksdagskvinnor för första gången på många år samtidigt som det bildades ett opinionstryck på de kvarvarande kvinnorna att samarbeta mer i syfte att åstadkomma (genus)politiska förändringar. Artikeln undersöker vad riksdagskvinnorna i detta läge valde att samarbeta om.

  • 234.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Swedish household consumption and the environment 1958-2005: the historical transformation of systems explaining consumption patterns with significant impacts on the environment2008Report (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Sökandet efter lösningar på miljöproblem 1906-19102015In: Nordisk Pappershistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1101-2056, no 4, p. 51-52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 236.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Technology as a problem and a solution: a comparative study of two environmental cases in the Swedish pulp industry during the 20th century2009In: Science for sustainable development: the social challenge with emphasis on the conditions for change : proceedings of the 2nd VHU Conference on Science for Sustainable Development, Linköping, Sweden, 6-7 September 2007 / [ed] B. Frostell; Å. Danielsson; L. Hagberg; B.-O. Linnér; E. Lisberg Jensen, Uppsala: Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU) , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 237.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Tekniken som problem och lösning: föroreningsmotstånd och teknikval i 1900-talets svenska pappersmassaindustri2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the advent of environmental issues in the public debate, historians world-wide have shown an increased interest in studying environmental issues. In this field of study, phenomena such as industrialisation, as well as economic and technological progress, have often been understood solely as the causes of environmental degradation with few attempts to examine the more complex features of the technology-environment relationship. In the late 1990s, though, scholars in the fields of history of technology, environmental history and business history extended the focus of historical studies on the internal and external dynamic processes that shape industrial production technologies with severe impacts on the natural environment. This study analyzes the technology choices confronting business enterprises, which have been exposed to public concerns and legal claims concerning their polluting activities. The ‘company-focus’ of the study permits an in-depth analysis of the relationship between industrial production technology and the environment. In this study we analyze in particular the underlying motives that induce a company to implement environmentally benign production technologies, as well as the process of technology choice and development at the company level. The technology choice process must however not only be understood as an internal ‘businesshistory’, but also as a process heavily dependent on a large number of economic, social, technological, legal and scientific factors. The analysis in this study builds on Nathan Rosenberg’s conception of technology choice and development. Rosenberg argues that decisions about the design of the production technology are made under incomplete information about technical solutions and their costs. This implies that technology choices are often characterized by the search for knowledge that enables the company to implement existing but not yet developed technical potentials, rather than a choice between ready-made technical solutions. Empirically the study focuses on the technology choices of two Swedish pulp and paper mills, which both were subjects to conflicts concerning their pollution into water and air. These conflicts include the one concerning Örebro paper mill, 1904-1911, and the more recent Värö mill conflict, 1964-1972. A comparison of these conflicts – from two distinctly different time periods – permits an analysis of how technology choice processes are affected by increased knowledge about the pollution problems as well as by advances in the production of technology. We find that given the industry’s collective interest in solving the pollution problems, the pulp and paper industry initiated a large number of cooperative research undertakings aimed at developing cleaner production methods during the 1950s and 1960s. Thus, while the Örebro paper mill was a pioneer in initiating cooperation with its competitors, the Värö mill could benefit from previous advances in knowledge and implement – more or less well established – technological solutions. The result of the study suggests therefore that industrial cooperation within the environmental field does not necessarily have to be initiated by public organizations and institutions, but can also emerge as the result of the initiatives of a single company. The fact that the Örebro and Värö mills both faced a negative public opinion concerning their polluting activities, imply that the respective technology choice processes were influenced by the interests and motives of the opinions. The complainants in the two conflicts legitimized their arguments and complaints by referring (implicitly or explicitly) to existing laws and regulations, and by engaging the relevant scientific expertise. The two companies also engaged scientific experts, largely in order to learn more about potential technical solutions to the pollution problem but also to confront the arguments of the complainants and their respective experts. In both cases this type of setting resulted in what the sociology of science literature calls ‘scienitific controversies’. The analysis in this study provides support for the notion that these types of controversies are characterized by arguments and deliberations that are largely based on values and attitudes rather than on (scientific) facts. The study also illustrates how the controversies motivated the complainants in the respective conflicts to reframe their arguments, and, for instance, express their concerns in more general and definitive terms. The technology choice processes of both mills are clear examples of the floating distinction between technology choice and technological development. The search for technical solutions was not cost-free, especially not for the Örebro mill, which even had to initiate basic scientific research to solve the problem of the sulphate odour. Both mills had in the past invested in a lot of technology-specific human and physical capital, and they therefore faced strong incentives to direct the environmental activities toward technical solutions that could make as much use of this capital as possible. For this reason, the actual measures implemented as a result of the conflicts (and the related legal verdicts) were largely ‘end-of-pipe’-oriented rather than characterized by ‘radical’ changes in the underlying pulp production processes. Interestingly, although 60 years lapsed between the two conflicts, the measures undertaken to combat the emissions at the two mills were remarkably similar.

  • 238.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Teknikhistoria som verktyg i teknikundervisningen i skolan och för lärares kompetenshöjning i teknik2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 239.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Tekniskt lärande och teknisk glömska i 1900-talets svenska pappersmassaindustri2007In: Samhällsförändrarna: livsmönster, idéer och teknisk förändring, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2007, 1, p. 31-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Understanding post-war trends of Swedish households' consumtion patterns: emperical facts and policy implications2008In: Creating Values for Sustainable Development: proceedings of the 2nd International Sustainability Conference, 21-22 August 2008, Basel, Switzerland / [ed] Claus-Heinrich Daub; Paul Burger; Yvonne Scherrer, Basel: Edition gesowip, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 241.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Uppbyggnaden av Luleås VA-system vid sekelskiftet 1900: en djärv "miljö"-satsning i en tid av teknisk och vetenskaplig omdaning2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten studeras uppbyggnaden av Luleås VA-system vid sekelskiftet 1900. Diskussioner om ett eventuellt upprättande av ett avloppsnät uppstod i Luleå under 1880-talet. Vattenledningsfrågan tog inte vid förrän under andra halvan av 1890-talet. Beslut togs i Luleå stadsfullmäktige 1904 om att upprätta näten och på senhösten 1906 fanns de på plats. Detta var förhållandevis sent med svenska mått mätt. Flertalet svenska städer uppförde VA-system under 1800-talets två sista och 1900-talets första decennium (samtida med amerikanska städer). Att speciellt frågan om ett vattenledningsnät dröjde i Luleå torde bero på stadens gynnsamma läge sett ur ett vattentillgångsperspektiv (staden omgärdades av Lule älv). Trots att staden utsattes för en förödande brand så sent som 1887 utgjorde inte önskan om att uppnå högre brandsäkerhet med ett uppbyggt vattenledningsnät och tillhörande brandposter någon stark drivkraft till uppförandet av ett vattenledningsnät i Luleå till skillnad från i många andra städer. Det var brister i avfallshanteringen, inte minst i bortfraktandet av slask och latrin ur staden, såväl som dräneringsproblem på gator och gårdar, som utgjorde drivkrafter bakom uppförandet av ett avloppsnät. Utgångspunkten för rapporten är att vi genom historiska studier av tekniska system kan utöka vår förståelse för systemens inre dynamik, vilket i sin tur är till hjälp i utvecklandet av miljöpolitik som vill påverka systemen i en mer hållbar riktning. Genom att analysera uppbyggnaden av Luleås VA- system vid sekelskiftet 1900 erhåller vi kunskap om sammansättningen på, samt funktionen av, de tekniska system (vatten och avlopp) som bl.a. bidrar med miljöproblem i form av dagvattenutsläpp i Luleälven såväl som inverkar på möjligheten att mer hållbart hantera dem. Vilken inverkan hade vetenskaplig och teknisk utveckling på systemens utformning? I vilken mån påverkade idéer om hållbarhet utformningen av systemet? Vilka grundläggande lärdomar kan vi dra av detta i utformandet av en hållbar miljöpolitik idag? Dessa utgör de centrala frågeställningarna i föreliggande rapport. Det visar sig att planeringen och uppbyggnaden av Luleås VA-system vid sekelskiftet 1900 skedde i en tid av teknisk och vetenskaplig omdaning. Bland annat växte den bakteriologiska vetenskapen fram och ersatte tidigare smittospridningsteorier, vilket kom att få en direkt inverkan på utformningen av Luleås VA-system. Denna utveckling speglar betydelsen av att Luleå stad hade tillgång till en teknisk expertis som utöver att förmedla kunskaper om vedertagen teknik på VA-området också i vissa fall förmedlade nyaste utveckling inom näraliggande tekniska och vetenskapliga områden. Överhuvudtaget speglar Luleåfallet mycket tydligt den centrala roll som expertkunskap spelar vid stora beslut kring tekniska system. Vid uppbyggnaden av Luleås VA-system fanns en väldigt nära koppling mellan nya vetenskapliga och tekniska rön och de beslut man tog (informationsvägen var kort). Idag finns expertisen i infrasystemfrågor i stor utsträckning i den administrativa apparat som vuxit upp kring dem, och som bidragit till att infrasystemen kommit att besitta en allt större inre spårbundenhet i takt med att den administrativa apparaten vuxit (fler och fler tjänstemän och experter som har ett egenintresse i att bevara systemen). Samtidigt har systemen politiseras, dvs. de har blivit mer av en kommunal fråga än ett ingenjörsproblem. Att genomföra radikala förändringar under sådana förhållanden är i regel politiskt svårt.

  • 242.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Uppbyggnaden av Luleås VA-system vid sekelskiftet 1900: en miljöfråga?2007In: Norrbotten: Årsbok 2007, Luleå: Norrbottens hembygdsförbund , 2007, p. 84-101Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 243.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    When infrastructure-related risk-taking moves from the local to the national level: the planning and construction of centralized water and sewer systems in two municipalities in northern Sweden 1900-19502012Report (Other academic)
  • 244.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Örebroarna och pappersbruket: föroreningsmotstånd för hundra år sedan2002In: Människor, hälsa, miljö: föredrag hålla på filosofiska fakultetens dag 6 oktober 2001, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2002, p. 65-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 245.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Berglund, Christer
    Hushållens konsumtionsmönster under femtio år: statlig inverkan och de strukturella kontexterna2009In: Hållbara hushåll: Miljöpolitik och ekologisk hållbarhet i vardagen : Slutrapport till Naturvårdsverket från forskningsprogrammet SHARP, Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket, 2009, p. 28-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 246.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå universitet.
    Firm collaboration and environmental adaptation: the case of the Swedish pulp- and paper industry 1900-19902012In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 183-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the importance of research and development (R&D) collaboration for environmental adaptation in the Swedish pulp and paper industry. It reviews the collaborative efforts initiated during the first half of the twentieth century, and investigates in particular how these efforts were influenced by the advent of modern environmental legislation in the late 1960s. We find that during the early period the underlying motives for environmental R&D collaboration were related to the presence of local resistance to pollution, over time turning into increased requirements from tightening environmental regulation. When the Swedish Environmental Protection Act was implemented in 1969, the long-lasting tradition of collaborative R&D activities facilitated the development and the adaptation of cleaner technologies in the sector. The article concludes that in the case of the Swedish pulp and paper industry, the significant environmental improvements witnessed during the 1960s and onwards can only be fully comprehended by acknowledging the role of the industry-wide collaborative activities in R&D. The positive outcomes of this collaboration were in turn reinforced by an environmental regulation system, which facilitated long-term investments in environmental R&D and, in contrast to their Finnish and American counterparts, encouraged internal process changes in the industry.

  • 247.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå university.
    Green knowledge production in-between industry and state: The institute for water and air protection 1966-19902016In: Institutes and new roles in science, technology and innovation, Routledge Mental Health, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 248.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå universitet.
    Greening of business:: The case of Domsjö Pulp Mill 1970-19902013Report (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå universitet.
    Growing green and competitive: a case study of a Swedish pulp mill2013In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 5, no 5, p. 1789-1805Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The experiences of past efforts of industrial pollution control while maintaining competitiveness should be of great value to research and policy practice addressing sustainability issues today. In this article, we analyze the environmental adaptation of the Swedish pulp industry during the period 1970–1990 as illustrated by the sulfite pulp producer Domsjö mill. We investigate how this company managed to adapt to heavy transformation pressure from increasing international competition in combination with strict national environmental regulations during the 1960s to the early 1990s. In line with the so-called Porter hypothesis, the company was able to coordinate the problems that were environmental in nature with activities aiming at production efficiency goals and the development of new products. Swedish environmental agencies and legislation facilitated this “win-win” situation by a flexible but still challenging regulatory approach towards the company. From the early 1990s and onwards, the greening of the pulp industry was also a result of increased market pressure for green paper products.

  • 250.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå universitet.
    Miljöforskning i Statens och Industrins tjänst: Institutet för Vatten och Luftvårdsfrågor2010In: Teknik- och Vetenskapshistoriska dagar 10‒12 november 2010, Lindholmen Science Park: Program, Göteborg, 2010, p. 14-15Conference paper (Other academic)
234567 201 - 250 of 331
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf