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  • 201.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Qatar University.
    Behind the metropolis2010Inngår i: Urbanistica, ISSN 0042-1022, Vol. 142, s. 108-114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 202.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Qatar University.
    Border cites nel mar Baltico2009Inngår i: Urbanistica, ISSN 0042-1022, Vol. 140Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 203.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Declining, transition and slow rural territories in southern Italy: Characterizing the intra-rural divides2016Inngår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 231-253Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As metropolitan areas around the world keep expanding, behind them, rural areas continue to be affected by greater rates of depopulation. This is not a new phenomenon: rural to urban migration has been reported in the developed world at least from the period between the two world wars. However, recent rural depopulation trends have dramatically intensified in both the developed and the developing countries worldwide. In planning literature, greater emphasis is placed on the “urban–rural” divide, that is, people leaving the countryside to look for better opportunities in urban areas. However, a growing body of literature points to the fact that not all rural areas are declining at the same rate. Indeed, some rural towns have managed to retain population and even to grow. Therefore, at least in developed countries, an “intra-rural” divide notion is emerging. To exemplify this notion, we have studied rural towns in Southern Italy.

  • 204. Rizzo, Agatino
    Delirious Doha2012Inngår i: Domus, ISSN 0012-5377Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 205.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    From Petro-Urbanism to Knowledge Megaprojects in the Persian Gulf: Qatar Foundation's Education City2017Inngår i: Mega-Urbanization in the Global South: Fast Cities and New Urban Utopias of the Postcolonial State / [ed] Ayona Datta, Abdul Shaban, New York: Routledge, 2017, s. 101-122Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 206.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Green Megaprojects and Displacement in the Global South: Uncovering the Rationales of State-Led Development in Malaysia and Qatar2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The “Green” rhetoric is constantly gaining traction in urban planning research. In line with anthropocenic thinking, the study of green cities and infrastructures has promised a straightforward recipe to solve many urban issues (e.g., climate mitigation and resilience, urban health, etc.). However, green city/infrastructure proponents, while emphasizing the positive environmental, economic, and health aspects of these projects, often neglect important socio-political and spatial considerations that are crucial for understanding the dramatic transformation of non-urbanized and peri-urban territories. Based on my latest research on urban megaprojects in Johor, Malaysia, and Doha, Qatar, in this paper I will critically re-discuss the green city/infrastructure idea by analyzing megaprojects’ biogeophysical and social displacements in peri-urban territories in the global South.

  • 207. Rizzo, Agatino
    Helsinki-Tallinn Region: Tracing networks in an archipelago of islands2008Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of Helsinki-Tallinn Region as a commonlybranded region is in one sense an obvious and natural extension of the close relationship between Tallinn an Helsinki. Since Estonia’s independence, this connection has expanded rapidly. Region makers such as Euregio and Finpro have explored a number of projects to expand this relationship in order to establish a more systematic and integrated connection. This Book reports on a trans-disciplinary research carried out by Agatino Rizzo, Egzon Bajraktari, Tomas Jonsson, Sukanya Krishnamurthy, Reinhard Micheller, and Ricardo Santacruz at Bauhaus Dessau Foundation in 2008

  • 208.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Managing the energy transition in a tourism-driven economy: The case of Malta2017Inngår i: Sustainable cities and society, ISSN 2210-6707, Vol. 33, s. 126-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to assess Malta’s government capacity to manage the possible environmental and social conflicts arising from the implementation of its renewable energy agenda to comply with EU’s 2020 energy package. The country has targeted photovoltaic technologies to achieve a 10% of renewable energy share in the final consumption of energy by 2020. Malta is a popular tourist destination, it hosts three UNESCO world heritage sites, and it is one of the smallest, although densely populated, countries in the European Union. From the encroachment of PV parks with the existing urban/rural landscape, we found a number of issues worth to be investigated such as the location of solar power plants, participatory planning mechanisms, and aesthetic-design considerations for integrating photovoltaic into the existing urban fabric. The study is based on exploratory interviews with institutional stakeholders and document analysis.

  • 209.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Megaprojects and the limits of ‘green resilience’ in the global South: Two cases from Malaysia and Qatar2019Inngår i: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of the climate change discourse in urban planning emphasises resilience as a key concept to deal with issues such as climate mitigation and adaptation, and urban health. What we have termed in this article ‘green resilience’, the coalescence of technological solutions and resilience thinking to solve cities’ ecological issues, is constantly gaining traction in urban planning research. However, green resilience often fails to take into account the socio-political and spatial processes that pertain to the exploitation of land for urban development particularly in the global South. Based on our latest research on two urban megaprojects, in Johor-Singapore (Malaysia) and Doha (Qatar), in this article we build a critique of green resilience and urbanism by leveraging research in the fields of environmental humanities and urban planning. © Urban Studies Journal Limited 2019.

  • 210. Rizzo, Agatino
    Metapolis and Global Ambitions in Doha, Qatar: The Case of Qatar Foundation’s Education City Campus2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 211.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Metro Doha2013Inngår i: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 31, s. 533-543Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Doha, capital city of the Arab emirate of Qatar, has grown from a small, port city to a bustling capital region with global ambitions. Today almost 85% of Qatar’s total population (1.4 out of 1.7 million inhabitants) live in metropolitan Doha, while before 1971 (pre-independence) its total population was 30 times less. Blessed with generous oil and particularly gas reserves, since the 1970s the country has undertaken urban mega-projects and expensive land reclamations which have increased the built up area in the capital region by 60 times. In this article we review Doha’s past and current urban development, highlighting Qatar’s different urban phases. Also, by comparing Doha to Dubai, we investigate the impacts of Qatar’s ‘‘mega-projects agenda’’ on two important government-led developments: Education City and Mshereib Redevelopment.

  • 212.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Politics and Processes of Sea-Megaprojects in the Arab Gulf Region: The Pearl Island in Doha, Qatar as a case of study2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last 20 years urban development in the Arab Gulf Region has boomed as the combined result of increased oil revenues, diversification of the local economy away from oil and its byproducts, increased immigration flows, and geopolitical transformations (Al Buainain, 1999; Bagaeen, 2007; Elsheshtawy, 2008; Rizzo, 2013). Gulf governments and their agencies - along with members of the ruling families who sit at the same time in ministries and in boards of private companies (Ponzini, 2011) - have been the main players to fund and implement urban mega-projects - i.e. large, themed urban-developments (Rizzo, 2013).Furthermore, in the last ten years there has been a clear tendency in the Gulf Region to build offshore, sea-reclaimed mega-projects (Koolhaas et al., 2007). Amongst the small, rich Arab states of the Gulf, Dubai has been the first and the boldest emirate to implement sea-megaprojects - e.g. Jumeirah’s and Jebel Ali’s Palms, World Archipelago, etc. (Pacione, 2005; Ouis, 2011). Recently, Dubai’s approach to urban development has been exported to several other countries within and beyond the Gulf Region; Elsheshtawy (2010) has labeled this trend/phenomenon “Dubaisation”.In this paper we present the biggest, sea-reclaimed urban project in Qatar (i.e. The Pearl Island) to analyse politics and processes of mega water-developments in the Arab Gulf Region. Also, in our study, we briefly touch on the socio-economic (exclusion/segregation) impacts/sustainability of this sea-megaproject on Doha, Qatar’s capital city.

  • 213.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Predatory cities: unravelling the consequences of resource-predatory projects in the global South2019Inngår i: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we outline a framework to study what we have termed "Predatory Cities", using the artificial offshore island of The Pearl in Qatar as a case study. By focusing on the nexus between urbanisation and resources, we will argue that the master-planning of new cities in the booming global South implies both the access and cheap exploitation of a set of, on the one hand, intangible and, on the other hand, tangible resources that exceed the traditional boundaries. Our point of departure is that the cheap appropriation and exploitation of alien architecture images and resource networks for the making of new, master-planned cities has become a necessary, but highly unsustainable, strategy to survive an increasingly competitive global offering of new destinations.

  • 214.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Problematizing green/blue infrastructures2016Inngår i: Networks and infrastructures of contemporary territories / [ed] Francesco Domenico Moccia, Marichela Sepe, INU Edizioni , 2016, s. 33-40Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 215.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Rapid urban development and national master planning in Arab Gulf countries: Qatar as a case study2014Inngår i: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 39, s. 50-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 216.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Reconstructing Meta-Doha2012Inngår i: Monographies Instrumentum, ISSN 0027-0520, E-ISSN 1860-3211, Vol. 16, s. 118-121Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 217.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Shaping Resilient Urban Spaces: Transitioning from the resource-extraction to resource-integrated urban paradigm2017Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Natural resources (minerals, petrol, wind, solar, forest, etc.) are at the basis of our urban economies. However, under a market-led economic regime, resource-extraction urbanism is a waste-generating, primitive (although pervasive) model that evolves at the planetary scale. At the same time, trends such as decentralization and miniaturization of renewable resource generation and circular economies promise to disrupt the current resource-extraction paradigm. We think that cities need to transition from the primitive, resource-extraction paradigm to a more resilient, resource-integrate urban nexus. In my presentation, I will show some experiences in which, under the umbrella of resource-integrated urbanism, my group and I have dealt with the issues of exploring a new urban aesthetic and the regeneration of resource-extraction spaces. The first project, in the project Food on the Roof, we deploy big data analysis techniques and interdisciplinary thinking to capitalize on waste energy and available space to grow food in cities across seasons. In the second project, MIN-SPIRE, we tackle the issue of extractive spaces and “resource waste” by deploying design and planning as a catalyst for local development.

  • 218.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Sustainable urban development and green megaprojects in the Arab states of the Gulf Region: limitations, covert aims, and unintended outcomes in Doha, Qatar2016Inngår i: International Planning Studies, ISSN 1356-3475, E-ISSN 1469-9265Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade, governments of the small Arab emirates in the Gulf region have invested billions of dollars in an attempt to foster rapid growth in their capital cities: the results have been truly dramatic and many of the urban centres in the region have been physically transformed. One interesting aspect of this growth is the fact that rhetoric about sustainability has apparently gained traction in the region, as evidenced by a plethora of urban megaprojects that are all carefully branded as green and sustainable. Urban developments in the Gulf have stimulated a spate of scholarly literature in a number of disciplines, and the debates are ongoing; this article will contribute to the discussion in several ways. It begins with a description of recent economic developments in the Gulf, and goes on to explore and expand the modern phenomenon of ‘instant urbanism’ as it applies to the region. We then compare two notable megaprojects in Doha and one in Abu Dhabi, closely analysing the rhetoric of sustainable urban development that surrounds each. We show the limitations of this rhetoric and uncover the covert aims of these projects, and suggest some of their unintended outcomes

  • 219.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    The Multiple City: Tallinn as playground to test new paradigms in urban studies2009Inngår i: Regenerating Urban Core: Publication of the YTK/IFHP Urban Planning and Design Summer School / [ed] Ilmavirta, T., Espoo: Helsinki University of Technology , 2009, s. 44-57Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 220.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    The urban impacts of globalisation and geopolitical ambitions in Doha, Qatar: the case of Qatar Foundation’s Education City campus2013Inngår i: Urban Futures, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 221.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Towards resource-integrated urbanism: Rethinking cities through the resource-urbanization nexus (RUN)2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Resources in their various forms are at the basis of our urban economies. The extraction, alongside with the distribution, processing and disposal, of resources, being them natural, energy, or human, is a main driver for planetary urbanization. However, under a market-led economic regime, which is characterized by boom and bust cycles, the space produced by the resource-extraction economic model is from time to time discarded with huge environmental and social losses world wide. While recent concerns about climate change and urban resilience have emphasized resource efficiency i.e. consume less and use better each unit of resource, we think that this target alone isn't sufficient to truly transform society towards a more resilient horizon. We need to rethink the resource-urbanization nexus (RUN) and the way it affects our lifestyle and cities. In this article, we suggest resources in its various forms (natural and human) be intimately integrated with humanity and its built environment. To articulate such a vision, we discuss our two latest research projects that deal respectively with energy districts and resource regions in northern Sweden. Methodologically, we deploy assemblage thinking, global production network of resources, and critical urban theory and political ecology as the main pillars of our framework.

  • 222.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Transit Space in the Straits Megacity Region2015Inngår i: MONU, ISSN 0948-3128, E-ISSN 1860-3211, Vol. 21, s. 90-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 223.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Why Knowledge Megaprojects Will Fail to Transform Gulf Countries in Post-Carbon Economies: The Case of Qatar2017Inngår i: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 85-98Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last two decades, resource cities of the Arab Gulf Region have been known to urban scholars and the general public for their extravagant, large-scale urban developments. These so-called megaprojects have allowed Gulf governments to both brand their nations globally and compete regionally and internationally with other global economic centers. However, as oil-rich Gulf countries have attempted to diversify their revenue stream away from fossil fuels, a new urban typology has emerged in their capitals to facilitate the transition to the knowledge-intensive economy. In continuity with previous research on megaprojects in the Gulf and Asian countries, we have called this new typology Knowledge Megaprojects (KMs). In this paper, by using as a reference point for comparisons the existing literature on knowledge developments in the West, we set to exemplify KMs in the Gulf region by analyzing the case of Education City—a large knowledge campus being developed by the Qatari government in Doha. One main result of this study is that KMs replicate the same shortcomings of other more mundane, extravagant megaprojects and thus are unlikely to provide the right urban setting to foster a sustainable transition to the post-carbon economy in the Gulf.

  • 224.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Bergström, Jenny
    Participatory Design as a Tool to Create an Energy Smart Campus in Sweden2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For decades alternative (to carbon) sources of energy in Sweden have been linked to hydro- and nuclear-power. However, this is set to change as the new Swedish government agenda has put an extraordinary emphasis on renewables. The implementation of renewables in Sweden poses several challenges. Three main aspects deter local communities from embracing large renewable projects: Noise, the visual impact, and visual discomfort (reflection). Sweden has a long tradition of stakeholder engagement in state-funded projects in the form of participatory meetings and written feedbacks. However, other participatory techniques are less established. Since 2014, LTU has been engaged in a research project dealing with energy, landscape, art, and participation in LTU campus in Piteå, Norrbotten. The aim of this paper is to discuss this interdisciplinary project and report its results. The main finding of this research is that the use of particpatory design in energy projects such as a smart campus is an important factor to foster collaboration and understanding between end users and stakeholders.

  • 225.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Galanakis, Michail
    Independent Researcher, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Problematizing transdisciplinary urbanism research: A reply to “Seeking Northlake”2017Inngår i: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 64, s. 98-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 226.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Galanakis, Michail
    Transdisciplinary Urbanism: Three Experiences from Europe and Canada2015Inngår i: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 47, s. 35-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The decreasing pace of urban development in economically-troubled Europe allows time for urban practitioners and actors to re-think planning action and its outcomes. In Canada where urban development seems unstoppable, contemplative breaks are as important. From the rubbles of recent environmental and economic crises around the world, in this article we discuss the emergence of a new theoretical approach in urban design and planning that is at the intersection of Socio-Spatial Research, Complexity Theories of Cities, and Urban Activism: Transdisciplinary Urbanism. We deploy three relevant, research projects we have been engaged with to analyze issues, challenges and limitations of Transdisciplinary Urbanism. The time frame of these interventions spans almost a decade.

  • 227. Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Galanakis, Michail
    Transurbanism: Towards A New Transdisciplinary Approach in Urban Planning2014Inngår i: Architecture & Planning in Times of Scarcity: Reclaiming the Possibility of Making : notes from the third European Urban Summer School, SoftGrid Ltd , 2014, s. 144-157Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 228. Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Glasson, John
    Iskandar Malaysia2012Inngår i: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 29, nr 6, s. 417-427Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 229. Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Khan, Shahed
    Curtin University, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Perth.
    Johor Bahru's Response to Transnational and National Influences in the Emerging Straits Mega-City Region2013Inngår i: Habitat International, ISSN 0197-3975, E-ISSN 1873-5428, Vol. 40, s. 154-162Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 230.
    Rosander, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Aktivitet: Transportforum 20082008Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 231.
    Rosander, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Aktivitet: Transportforum 2009: Yrkesförare som trafikant i stadsmiljö2009Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 232.
    Rosander, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Aktivitet: Vad tycker bussförarna i Trollhättan om Nollvisionsslingan?2005Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nollvisionsslingan i Trollhättan genomfördes under åren 2000 och 2001 i nationell samverkan mellan Vägverket, Trollhättans kommun, SAAB, NTF, Svenska kommunförbundet, Västra Götalandsregionen och Polisen. Investeringar i befintliga vägar och gator för drygt 100 Mkr skapade en 39 km lång "nollvisionsslinga".Inför projektstarten sade man att projektet vänder sig till alla - såväl beslutsfattare som tekniker och allmänhet. Man vill påverka människors attityder och beteenden, men ännu mer skapa efterfrågan på det som demonstreras, t ex: säkra bilar med tekniska stödsystem, mötesfria landsvägar, förlåtande sidoområden och säkrare stadsmiljöer med några nya tankar omkring utformning och skyltning.Man har sagt att slingan ska vara av sådan kvalitet att den väcker nationellt och internationellt intresse och samtliga ansvariga systemutformare och andra aktörer ska samverka för en säker trafik. Den ska också visa att kombinationen av ett säkert fordon och en rätt utformad trafikmiljö minskar risken att dödas eller skadas allvarligt i trafiken. Nivån på medvetandet om säker trafik höjs lokalt, nationellt och internationellt. I förlängningen kan Trollhättan och Sverige bli ett centrum för nationella och internationella studiebesök, konferenser och seminarier när det gäller trafiksäkerhet och fysisk utformning.Det pågår stundtals en debatt i Sverige om farthindrens fysiska påverkan på bl.a. yrkesförare. De är en speciellt utsatt grupp genom den höga exponering som de utsätts för. På många orter i Sverige har både bussförare och personal från räddningstjänsten önskat en fördjupad dialog om farthindrens förtjänster och brister. Därför intervjuades bussförare i Trollhättan för att få deras syn på den del av gatunätet som genomgått många ombyggnationer i samband med Nollvisionsslingans tillkomst. Mer än hälften av 25 intervjuade bussförare i Trollhättan var negativa till Nollvisionen och Nollvisionsslingan. De många farthindren har vållat problem med stötar och vibrationer i fordonen, och då speciellt vissa typer av gupp och förhöjningar. I föredraget förklaras närmare varför. Många platser visade också tecken på sättningar i vägbanan intill guppen vilket visar på vikten av ett regelbundet underhåll och tillsyn av sådana platser. Emneord: trafiksäkerhet, kollektivtrafik, yrkesförare

  • 233.
    Rosander, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Aktivitet: Vad tycker bussförarna i Trollhättan om "nollvisionsslingan"?2005Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Byggandet av Nollvisionsslingan i Trollhättan genomfördes under åren 2000 och 2001 i nationell samverkan mellan Vägverket, Trollhättans kommun, SAAB, NTF, Svenska kommunförbundet, Västra Götalandsregionen och Polisen. Investeringar i befintliga vägar och gator för drygt 100 Mkr skapade en 39 km lång "nollvisionsslinga" bestående av två delar, en tätortsdel samt en landbygdsdel. Här har endast delar av tätortsslingan studerats närmare. Den har åtgärdats med olika trafiksäkerhetshöjande åtgärder. Exempel på detta är områden med 30 km/h, avsmalningar, förhöjda korsningar, gupp, refuger, cirkulationsplatser mm.Vägar och gator är för flera grupper i samhället en arbetsplats. Det har väckts frågor om farthindrens fysiska påverkan på bl.a. yrkesförare. De är en speciellt utsatt grupp genom den höga exponering som de kan utsättas för. Därför intervjuades bussförare i Trollhättan för att få deras syn på den del av gatunätet i Trollhättan som genomgått många ombyggnationer i samband med Nollvisionsslingans tillkomst. Mer än hälften av 25 intervjuade bussförare i Trollhättan var negativa till de åtgärder som genomförts. De många farthindren har vållat svårigheter av olika karaktär för förarna. Stress, frustration och stötar i fordonen var några av de olägenheter som framkom. Förarna efterlyste också en ökad bevakning i trafiken som ett led i en ökad trafiksäkerhet samt förbättrad delaktighet i planeringsarbetet. Många åtgärdade platser visade också tecken på sättningar i vägbanan intill guppen vilket visar på vikten av ett regelbundet underhåll och tillsyn av sådana platser. Emneord: trafiksäkerhet, kollektivtrafik, yrkesförare

  • 234.
    Rosander, Peter
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser.
    Attract: Drift och underhåll i tätorten2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den stadsomvandling som pågår i de två kommunerna Kiruna och Gällivare sker på grund av gruvindustrins utveckling och innebär att delar av samhällena flyttas och förnyas. Då ett nytt samhälle ska byggas upp skapas goda förutsättningar att bygga och utforma klokt med hänsyn till drift och underhåll av gator och vägar och samtidigt bygga attraktivt, vackert, tryggt, säkert och grönt. Tillsammans med kommunerna samt ett antal företag har Luleå tekniska universitet undersökt faktorer som är betydelsefulla för att underlätta, förbättra och effektivisera drift och underhåll.

    Planering för svenska städer sker oftast traditionellt med sommar som utgångspunkt trots att det råder andra årstider än sommar större delen av året. Planering för vinter är viktigt för att minska risken för snöröjningsskador och halkolyckor, omhänderta smältvattenvolymer, mm. Det är många olika behov som måste tillgodoses, både från boende och trafik och detta är förenat med kostnader.

    För att samla information och kunskap har det genomförts intervjuer med driftspersonal från både kommunerna och företag. En workshop med experter inom planering och utformning har genomförts. Syftet med workshopen var att lyfta fram goda, innovativa och funktionella förslag och lösningar på planering och utformning i en stadsmiljö med avseende främst på vinterväghållning.

    Organisationerna med drift och underhåll i Gällivare och Kiruna är relativt likartade, en viss del av vinterunderhållet sköts av en kommunal del och resterande är upphandlat till entreprenörer. Små maskiner är mindre vanliga och saknar också den kapacitet som kan krävas ibland för att hantera stora snömängder. En mindre maskin är ibland bättre eller kanske enda alternativet om det är trångt men entreprenörerna anser det svårt att få ekonomi på en sådan maskin. Fler och fler privatpersoner anlitar företag till maskinell snöröjning av den privata gården. Allt oftare upplever kommunernas entreprenörer att den ”privata snön” tippas på kommunala ytor vilket oftast inte är tillåtet och skapar merarbete.

    Det är viktigt att beställaren har uppdaterad dokumentation som beskriver hur områdena ska underhållas och om det finns särskilda regler/önskemål om hur och var snö får plogas eller lagras. Lokal snölagring i centrum är svårt pga. stora volymer som är utrymmeskrävande, därför transporteras snö ut från centrum till stora snödeponier. Entreprenörerna önskar fler lokala tillfälliga lagringsplatser för att bättre kunna fördela maskinbehovet.

    Mer samordning mellan exempelvis kommunala fastighetsbolag avseende snöröjning skulle kunna vara fördelaktigt för både beställare och utförare. Det är också viktigt att upphandling av underhåll sker med tanke på eventuella samordningsfaktorer som kan gynna inte bara entreprenörerna utan även beställaren. Den ekonomiska budgeten för vinterväghållning behöver också vara realistisk, den överskrids ofta på bekostnad av barmarkunderhållet. Den samhällsekonomiska skadekostnaden för fotgängare är betydligt högre än kostnaden för vinterväghållningen på is och snö. Samhällsekonomiskt vore det lönsamt med större satsningar på vinterväghållning för fotgängare.

    Ett av de vanligare redskapen som används till snöröjning i tätorten är multiskopa. Den är flexibel, ger god åtkomst i trånga utrymmen och kan även användas till att bära undan eller lasta snö. På utvalda stråk eller platser är markvärme som smälter bort snö och is ett alternativ till traditionell snö- och halkbekämpning. Avrinning måste dock säkerställas.

    Snö kan även användas till mycket positivt. Den kan användas som ett element i trafikmiljön, skapa avgränsningar och avsmalningar som kan öka trafiksäkerheten. Det går skapa lekytor för barn, backar för skidåkning och pulkåkning, som byggnadsmaterial till konstverk, som bullerskydd eller skapa helt unika miljöer beroende på årstidsvariation.

  • 235.
    Rosander, Peter
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Leden, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Cyklisters säkerhet utanför tätorten2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 236. Rönnbäck, Britt-Inger
    Are uncertain uncertainties useful?: towards improved quality assessment of spatial data2004Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A decision is usually based on some kind of information. In the decision- taking phase it is important to know the extent to which the information about the different alternatives that are to be decided on is reliable. This doctoral thesis focuses on data quality assessment in spatial analysis, and especially on evaluating data usability in the decision- taking phase. The first focus concerns the situation when information about the accuracy of source data is missing or insufficient. Questionnaires and interviews are used to obtain such information. In an effort to make the survey- situation user-friendlier and to obtain answers that are as complete as possible, a questionnaire template allowing vague responses and imprecise information is developed. The advantage and perhaps also the disadvantage of that concept are the independence of standardised data quality elements, as well as of available metadata. It is shown that a procedure for quality assessment by using a questionnaire allowing vague responses indeed increases the response rate. However, a recommended improvement is to include methods that assure that reliable answers are obtained. Then the second focus is on the decision-taking phase, where uncertainties in source datasets and their influences on the fitness for use for a specific decision are studied. The goal is to develop a procedure for decision analysis where expected utility measures are used to quantify the effects that uncertainties and errors in source data have on rational decisions. The purpose of this is to endeavour to make the decision-takers more aware of the impact that the uncertainties in the datasets used may have on their decisions. It is shown that standardised data quality elements are extremely useful for evaluating usability, but they have to be transformed into a domain understood by the user. Furthermore, it is shown that the expected utility of each dataset can be a measure of fitness for use in decision analysis. One advantage of such an approach is that it clearly demonstrates the connection between data quality, decisions and environmental and financial costs and benefits. When estimating the probabilities of different events, spatial micro-simulation techniques have proven to be useful. To improve the procedure, however, macro-constraints should also be used for aligning the simulation model. Three different case studies have been performed. As a result of these studies some basic procedures that are needed for data quality evaluation have been identified, viz. “Data quality assessment by using a questionnaire”, “Construction of artificial perfect datasets”, “Micro- simulation”, “Monte Carlo simulation”, “Artificial decision- maker”, “Decision evaluator”, and “Data variability reporter”. The studies also verify that these procedures can connect to each other. The idea is that they can be arranged in different ways, and hence be used in different contexts.

  • 237.
    Rönnbäck, Britt-Inger
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Cellular automata as a tool for three-dimensional quality assessment1998Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 238. Rönnbäck, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Nordberg, Maj-Liz
    Department of Physical Geography, Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University.
    Olsson, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Östman, Anders
    Evaluation of environmental monitoring strategies2003Inngår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 32, nr 8, s. 495-501Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In environmental monitoring, it is important that the monitoring system should emit early warnings when undesired events occur. These events may be sudden or of a more subtle nature. In the design of such monitoring systems, a proper balance between cost and risk must be achieved. There are 2 classic types of risk connected with early warning systems, namely the risk of not detecting significant changes and the risk of false alarms. The purpose of this paper is to describe a method for comparing the performance of different monitoring systems, considering the classic types of risk and cost. The method is applied to the monitoring of the lichen cover as a test case. The expected utility has been used as a measure of performance. When estimating the probabilities of the events, spatial microsimulation and Monte-Carlo simulation techniques have been used. The monitoring programs studied are based on satellite images, aerial photos, field samples, and land-cover maps. The major conclusions of this study are that standardized quality measures are extremely useful for evaluating the usability of environmental monitoring methods. In addition, when estimating gains and costs, spatial microsimulation techniques are useful. To improve the method, however, macroconstraints should also be used for aligning the simulation model.

  • 239.
    Rönnqvist, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    INTEGRATION OF SMALL-SCALE URBAN FARMING IN PUBLIC SPACES OF WINTER CITIES2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With an increasing urbanization and decreasing food security, the policy places greater demands on the future use of agricultural land and food supply. At the same time as awareness of food consumption increases among individuals, new technologies for farming also develop.

    The following degree project aims at carrying out a pilot study for further concept development for small-scale urban farming in winter cities. Based on a literature study and inspiration from reference objects, opportunities for continued conceptual development are analysed. These technical aspects together with a study of how public spaces, can or cannot, be used according to the case study’s municipality policy for usage of public space. And these aspects then lay the foundation for an initial concept and design proposal aimed at pointing out the possibilities of the concept. This initial concept is also the basis for a rough estimate of productivity with such urban cultivation tools.

    The conceptual urban farming tool devised here, is intended to not be taking more attention than necessary and portable. This is to make as little physical and visual impact in the city as possible, and to be adaptable to different places.

    However, there has been a lack of space for urban farming in the case study's municipal policy, for usage of public spaces. This has meant that the design proposal could not be anchored in accordance with the guidelines the municipality wishes for the use of public spaces. There are documented guidelines for similar use, and the design proposal has been assumed to fit in the policy of using the public space.

    The tool that has been developed consists of two containers, one of which is intended to work as a working area for harvesting and the other for cultivating. The hydroponic installation chosen in this work has been developed by Bright Agrotech. These installations are called Zipfarm and Zipwall, and are vertical cultivations which by drip irrigation bring nutrients to the plants. These towers that hold the plants during the cultivation period are mounted either in a portable rack or against a wall-based rack. This vertical cultivation method was chosen in this work because of the mobility.

    With the help of a tool to estimate production that Bright Agrotech provided and technical specifications for the grow lights used in the concept, a rough estimate of the operating cost of 13kr per kilo, to produce leafy green crops, has been calculated. This figure is based solely on the estimated amount of harvest and an estimate of the electricity consumption of the grow lights.

    The conclusion in this work, is that it is possible to integrate urban agriculture in winter cities with the aid of containers and hydroponic installations. What can be an incentive to not do this today is that electricity consumption can be too expensive, and that it is cheaper to cultivate in other places and transport the food in to the city. 

  • 240.
    Sanborn, Emma
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Integrating Climate Sensitive Design Principles in Municipal Processes: A Case Study of Edmonton’s Winter Patios2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores winter patios in Edmonton through the lens of place and climate sensitive design, then reflects upon the existing regulations that influence the design and management of winter patios in Edmonton. The City of Edmonton provides this research opportunity because it is currently pursuing the creation of a four-season patio culture in the city, and has created a strong WinterCity agenda. The introduction explores Edmonton’s local climate and its winter city strategy. This is followed by an explanation of the study’s methodology.

    The purpose of this thesis is to study how climate sensitive design principles can be applied to create places that attract winter activity. The research questions ask how climate sensitive design principles are currently incorporated in patios, what barriers exist to creating these spaces, and how to overcome these barriers in municipal processes. Many cities in cold climates seek ways to create vibrant, active cities through all seasons, and this study explores how climate sensitive planning principles can help create environments that invite winter activity. To answer the research question, a qualitative methodology was used to examine the case study of Edmonton winter patios using Eliasson’s (2007) concept of place and microclimate. The study identifies design weaknesses in Edmonton patios with little provision of shelter from wind, snow and rain, as well as limited consideration of snow storage and removal. Interviews and document review identify lack of interest and a lack of attention to the physical component of place as barriers to the creation of winter patios. Finally, the use of analytical tools such as urban climatic maps are suggested, as well as the introduction of microclimate standards so information about weather and microclimate can influence how physical components of place are planned and evaluated.

  • 241.
    Scholliers, Johan
    et al.
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Tekniikankatu 1, P.O. Box 1300, FI-33101 Tampere.
    Noort, Martijn van
    TNO, Delft.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Mans, Dick
    ECORYS, Rotterdam.
    Silla, Anne
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Tekniikankatu 1, P.O. Box 1300, FI-33101 Tampere.
    Bell, Daniel
    FACTUM OG Institute for Traffic and Social Analysis, A-1040 Vienna.
    Hancox, Graham
    Loughborough University.
    Leden, Lars
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Tekniikankatu 1, P.O. Box 1300, FI-33101 Tampere.
    Giannelos, Ioannis
    ECORYS, Rotterdam.
    Bax, Bregtje
    ECORYS, Rotterdam.
    Malone, Kerry
    TNO, Delft.
    Impact Assessment of Its Applications for Vulnerable Road Users2016Inngår i: Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2324-9935, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 14, s. 4515-4524Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU-sponsored VRUITS project has prioritized ITS applications which have a potential to improve the safety, mobility and comfort of vulnerable road users (VRUs) and performed a quantitative safety, mobility and comfort assessment for the 10 most promising systems. The assessment methodology addresses not only the direct effects of the systems, but also unintended effects and effects through changes in mobility patterns. The 10 selected ITS were: VRU beacon system, Powered Two Wheelers oncoming Vehicle information, Bicycle-to-vehicle communication, Cooperative Intersection safety, Green wave for cyclists, Pedestrian & Cyclist detection with Emergency Braking, Blind spot detection, Intelligent pedestrian traffic signal, Crossing adaptive lighting and Information on bike rack vacancy. The paper presents the quantitative estimates for the impact on safety, mobility and comfort. The outputs of the impact assessment are translated into socioeconomic indicators via a social cost-benefit analysis.

  • 242.
    Schylberg, Katarina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Planindikatorer för effektiv markanvändning i stationsnära områden2008Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Efficient spatial planning in areas near nodes in the public transportation system is an important measure to influence transport mode choice and favour public transportation over private cars for personal transportation. Efficient spatial planning involves concentration of activities within walking distance to the station as well as measures to integrate the station and its surroundings in the urban fabric and to improve station accessibility as a local destination point.The aim of the thesis is to develop a planning tool based on planning indicators and to explore possibilities and problems when indicators and models are used in a local planning situation. The project is inspired by a need for validated planning indicators. These indicators describe land use characteristics and urban form factors that both influence local accessibility and have an impact on the use of public transportation. These indicators can be used as tools to compare alternative spatial plans and strategies as well as to facilitate dialogue in local planning situations that involve actors with different backgrounds. Case studies are used as a starting-point to evaluate specific planning indicators and to evaluate the method in local planning situations. One general conclusion is that it takes a combination of quantitative and qualitative criteria to describe important aspects in such a way to support dialogues.

  • 243.
    Schylberg, Katarina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Planindikatorer som verktyg för att utvärdera tillgänglighet i stationära områden: resultat från en fallstudie2007Inngår i: Transportforum 2007: 10-11 januari i Linköping, VTI , 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 244.
    Shadram, Farshid
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriellt och hållbart byggande.
    Assessment and optimization of life cycle enrgy use in buildings2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Buildings account for 40% of all energy use in European countries. The European Union (EU) therefore encourages member states to adopt Energy Efficiency Measures (EEMs) and implement energy-efficient practices during building design to minimize the energy use of buildings. However, recent studies have shown that energy-efficient buildings may not always outperform conventional buildings in terms of Life Cycle Energy (LCE) use. This is mainly due to the trade-off between embodied and operational energy, and a reliance on EEMs that reduce operational energy while sometimes increasing embodied energy and LCE use. To improve buildings’ environmental performance, the impact of different EEMs on buildings’ energy use needs to be assessed from a lifecycle perspective, and methods for identifying optimal combinations of EEMs that minimize LCE use should be developed. Ideally, these methods should be integrated with building information modelling (BIM) to enable seamless data exchange and to help Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) practitioners make optimal design decisions relating to EEMs. The work presented in this thesis had two overall objectives: (1) to explore the scope for developing BIM-supported method(s) for assessing and optimizing the impact of EEMs on buildings’ LCE use during the design process, and (2) use the BIM-supported method(s) for exploring the impact of various EEMs that are implemented and modified during the building design process on the buildings’ LCE use.

    The work presented in this thesis is based on an exploratory research design involving iterative cycles of (1) problem identification, (2) method development, (3) method examination, and (4) theory suggestion. In step 1, problems were identified by conducting literature studies and workshops with AEC practitioners, and analyzing archival data. In step 2, prototyping was used to develop methods to overcome the identified problems. In step 3, the applicability of these methods (or prototypes) was tested in case studies on actual and hypothetical building projects. Three case studies were conducted – one dealing with a low energy dwelling located in Kiruna, Sweden; another dealing with a multifamily residential building in Uppsala, Sweden; and a third dealing with a hypothetical multifamily residential building in Stockholm, Sweden. In step 4, the results were compared to existing theories to strengthen existing knowledge and identify previously unrecognized findings.

    In relation to the first objective, the results obtained show that the factors and activities required to develop BIM-supported method(s) for assessing and optimizing the impact of EEMs on a building’s LCE use during the design phase are:

    • A database that stores external and building project data (e.g. BIM data) and links it to be used for assessment and optimization, providing access to the data whenever needed.

    • The development of interfaces using middleware applications to ensure interoperability and seamless automated exchange of information between BIM and other systems.

    • Predefined objects (i.e. building part and component recipes) that are stored in a database and linked to inventories and Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) for the relevant materials, enabling assessment of the buildings’ embodied energy and LCE use.

    • The application of multi-objective optimization techniques (e.g. Pareto-based genetic algorithms) to identify optimal solution(s) for EEMs that minimize (optimize) the building’s LCE use.

    In relation to the second objective of the thesis, the results obtained indicate that:

    • EEMs that are implemented and modified during the detailed design phase have much less influence on the building’s LCE use than those implemented in the early design phase. Highly influential EEMs related to the early design phase which were tested herein were the building’s shape, orientation, Window to Wall Ratio (WWR), and the selection of materials used in the building envelope.

    • Generally, thickening roof insulation has a strong beneficial effect on LCE use for buildings in Sweden.

    • For buildings using energy sources with high primary energy factors, the most effective way to reduce LCE use may be to implement many EEMs that reduce operational energy use. However, this approach may be less helpful for buildings using greener energy sources because in such cases the embodied energy may have a greater effect on the final LCE use.

    • The embodied energies of materials in the same class can vary significantly between suppliers. Such differences in embodied energy can be identified by considering the suppliers’ EPDs, the energetic contributions due to their mode of transportation from the site of production, and the distance between the site of production and the construction site.

    • If the developed optimization approach is used to identify optimal combinations of EEMs in the early design phase, designers can freely choose from a wide range of building shapes without greatly affecting LCE use. However, without early phase optimization, designs that use different building shapes may exhibit significantly different LCE use values.

    The results provide both theoretical and practical contributions that may be useful to researchers and AEC practitioners seeking to develop BIM-supported design processes and to reduce buildings’ LCE use by adopting appropriate EEMs. The results also show that embodied energy can be a major component of a building’s LCE use if the building’s design relies heavily on EEMs designed solely to reduce operational energy use. Policy makers and governmental bodies are thus advised to update regulations and building codes to reflect the importance of embodied energy so as to minimize the LCE use of new and retrofitting building projects.

  • 245.
    Sjödin, Elin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriellt och hållbart byggande.
    Certifiera enligt Miljöbyggnad GULD eller bygga BBR-standard?: En jämförande studie av merkostnaden för projektering och investering för byggherren2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 246.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Att flytta en mönsterstad2015Inngår i: Fabrik & Bolig, ISSN 0106-3324, Vol. 2015, s. 24-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 247.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Authenticity and relocation of built heritage: the urban transformation of Kiruna, Sweden2017Inngår i: Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 2044-1266, E-ISSN 2044-1274, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 110-128Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose –This article investigates how different notions about the conservation of builtheritage develop in a situation of structural change that demands either the demolition orrelocation of a large number of historic buildings.Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on a case study of the on-going urbantransformation of the Swedish mining town Kiruna. The investigation was based on the textanalysis of urban planning documents and media reporting, which was used to distinguishstakeholders’ positions towards conservation based on authenticity aspects.Findings – The conservation goals of the urban planning process are unclear and thestakeholders have conceptually different views regarding which parts of the town’s builtheritage are of significance, which negatively affects the ability to make well informed,transparent and intelligible management decisions. Stakeholder views on the management ofbuilt heritage span from the relocation of a few, single historic buildings to maintaining theintegrity of the town as a heritage site by moving a significant number of buildings.Research limitations/implications – The Kiruna case, being exceptional because conservationin situ is impossible, has the potential to highlight the relation between single historic buildingsand the integrity of an urban heritage site, as well as implications for conservation on theurban scale.Originality/value – This investigation contributes to knowledge of built heritage in situationsof structural change, which is of concern for planning and conservation practice. Currently,many urban areas are under pressure of transformations or destruction

  • 248.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Built cultural heritage in an urban planning context: Literature review2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 249.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    De-heritagisation in urban planning: a study of Kiruna's urban transformation2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A major urban transformation is taking place in Kiruna, a mining town in the northernmost part of Sweden; the iron ore mine extends beneath the settlement and the mining activity will cause severe subsidence the coming decades. This will affect the town's built cultural heritage. Kiruna´s built cultural heritage is well established since the 1980´s, and a considerable part of it is ‘official heritage’, where buildings as well as built-up areas are protected by both local and national legislation. Conservation of the built cultural heritage involves challenges to the urban planning practice due to the extensive urban transformation. This paper presents an on-going case study that analyses the valuation and management of Kiruna´s built cultural heritage in the contemporary urban transformation process. The empiric material primarily consists of planning documents and media coverage. The meaning of the built cultural heritage to different stakeholders is interpreted through discourse analysis; there is a heritagisation process in which certain aspects of the built environments history becomes significant in the present due to cultural and social processes. In Kiruna there is a strong ‘authorised heritage discourse’ in which particularly older wooden buildings, associated with the town´s mining history, is reinforced as cultural heritage in the contemporary planning process. However, it is also possible to identify a de-heritagisation process in which the historic values of the ‘official heritage’ is diminished, and attributes in listed buildings being formulated as a liability to a sustainable urban transformation. There is a tendency that the built cultural heritage is managed as fixed and static entities in the urban planning, rather than as a dynamic, socially and culturally constructed phenomenon. In order to address the variety and diversity of values and meanings related to the built environment, planning methods need to be developed in order to make conscious and pertinent urban planning decisions.

  • 250.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Förord2012Inngår i: Kirunakåkar, Kiruna: J Vajstedt, L Kejonen , 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
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