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  • 201. Lindell, Mats
    et al.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Meeting the demand? Students within Swedish advanced vocational education entering the labour market: reflections from an ongoing research project2003Inngår i: European Educational Research Journal (online), ISSN 1474-9041, E-ISSN 1474-9041, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 107-125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article considers an ongoing research project concerning the outcome of the Swedish reform of advanced vocational education (AVE) from a graduate perspective. Launched in 1996 as an experimental post-secondary reform meeting the advancements within working life, several new educational features were introduced. In January 2002, AVE became a regular part of the national education system with 12,500 education places per annum. From start to present, over 6,100 students have graduated from the approximately 350 different national AVE programmes available. The purpose of this article is to present results from three sets of questionnaires collected in 1999, 2000 and 2001 surveying over 5,400 of the graduates concerning their opinions and experiences on how AVE corresponds to the demands and requests made of them when entering the labour market. The aggregate results suggest that a majority of the graduates (82%) had a job 6 months after having completed their AVE programmes and that approximately 80% of them were working, with regard to their educational focus, within a ‘target' field of profession.

  • 202.
    Lööw, Joel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Mining 4.0—the Impact of New Technology from a Work Place Perspective2019Inngår i: Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, ISSN 2524-3462, Vol. 36, nr 4, s. 701-707Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industry 4.0 offers new possibilities to combine increased productivity with stimulating workplaces in a good work environment. Used correctly, digitalization can create attractive jobs in safe control room environments, which provide space for the employee’s full expertise and creativity. This is true also for the mining industry. But, to succeed, it is important to analyze the development from a worker’s perspective. What will happen to their work? What skills will be needed in the mine of tomorrow? We must also consider the risks, such as privacy issues, increased stress, and work-life boundaries. These questions must be understood if we are to create workplaces that can attract a young and diverse workforce to tomorrow’s mining industry. In this article, we try to illustrate what the new technology can mean for the individual miners. We formulate the notion of Mining 4.0 (Industry 4.0 in the mining industry), where we try to create an image of how the future might look from a miner’s perspective and how mining companies may navigate their way to a future that works for all miners. To illustrate the range of possible outcomes, we formulate two scenarios: one utopian and one dystopic. At the end of our article, we bring forward six recommendations that can be considered a beginning of a road map for the human side of Mining 4.0.

  • 203.
    Lööw, Joel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Bo
    Andersson, Eira
    Johansson, Jan
    Designing Ergonomic, Safe, and Attractive Mining Workplaces2018 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The mining industry has experienced important improvements with regard to its safety record and work environment. But there is still room for further improvement and the mining industry now faces the challenge of securing a future workforce: The current workforce is aging, and mining work increasingly requires a more qualified workforce. Designing Ergonomic, Safe, and Attractive Mining Workplaces seeks to give an understanding of what must be considered in the design of mining workplaces. By reviewing and discussing the historic and current development of the mining industry as well as problems related to the safety, ergonomics, and attractiveness of mining workplaces, it demonstrates that the challenges facing the mining industry often need to be solved on a case-to-case basis.

    The processes through which these issues are managed are of significant importance. To facilitate a proactive approach, the book covers the principles of systematic work environment management, together with examples of methods for risk management and work environment monitoring. It introduces a systematic and iterative design and planning method for the mining industry. This method acknowledges that all relevant stakeholders must be able to influence the design of ergonomic, safe, and attractive mining workplaces.

  • 204.
    Lööw, Joel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    An Overview of Lean Production and Its Application in Mining2015Inngår i: Mineral Resources and Mine Development, Aachen: RWTH Aachen University, Institute of Mining Engineering I , 2015, s. 121-136Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 205.
    Lööw, Joel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Work Organisation for Attractive Mining: Lean Mining and the Working Environment2015Inngår i: Third International Future Mining Conference: Conference Proceedings, Victoria: The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 2015, s. 197-204Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Attractive mining workplaces are good, safe and healthy workplaces. They are also workplaces that the workforce of the future wants to work in. As skilled miners and engineers are already scarce, this is important both for today and for the future. But future of mining will also be subject to increased international competition. In attempting to become more competitive, many mining companies turn to rationalisation, looking to both rationalise their production and organisation, as well as to optimise their processes. Work organisation is important in both rationalisation and providing attractive mining work. Therefore, a Lean Production philosophy is investigated for the organisation of future mines. The aim of this paper is to investigate to what extent Lean Production can be used to organise for attractive mining. To do so, it first need to be defined what attractive mining work is and to what degree it can be influenced by work organisation. A short insight into the production concept that is Lean will be given as well as a review of how Lean Production is discussed and utilised in mining today will be given. In conclusion, a summary of Lean Production’s potential to realise future, attractive mining is given.

  • 206.
    Lööw, Joel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Säkerhet i svensk gruvindustri: 30 år av sänkta olycksfallsfrekvenser - och den fortsatta vägen framåt2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöker vi olycksfallsutvecklingen och säkerhetsrelaterade initiativ inom den svenska gruvindustrin de senaste 30 åren, samt ger förslag på fokusområden för att ytterligare öka säkerheten.

    Studien har fyra delar. I den första delen redogör vi för tidigare internationell forskning med fokus på säkerhet i gruvindustrin generellt och olycksfall specifikt. Vi gör även en fördjupning i frågan om mätbarhet och säkerhetsindikatorer. I den andra delen gör vi en analys av statistik som finns att tillgå via relevanta statistikleverantörer. Den tredje delen innehåller en intervjustudie med representanter från två svenska gruvföretag med fokus på vilka tekniska, organisatoriska och strukturella förändringar och initiativ som kan ha bidragit till den sjunkande olycksfallsfrekvensen de senaste 30 åren. I den fjärde delen analyseras resultaten och förslag ges på vidare fokusområden lämpade för en huvudstudie. Vi ämnar i och med detta att lägga grunden för en färdplan för gruvindustrins framtida arbete med att ytterligare förbättra olycksfallsfrekvensen inom industrin för att sedermera ta fram ett förslag för ett fullskaligt innovationsprojekt, där dessa frågor utvecklas, konkretiseras och analyseras djupare.

    Vi tydliggör i studien vilka direkta såväl som indirekta åtgärder som två olika företag i den svenska gruvindustrin har genomfört i syfte att sänka olycksfallsfrekvenserna, genom såväl dokumentstudier som intervjuer med representanter från dessa två företag. Dessa studier ger en inblick i hur de direkta (exempelvis säkerhetskulturprogram) som indirekta (exempelvis automatisering) initiativen kan ha bidragit till att sänka olycksfallsfrekvenserna.

    En ytterligare aspekt som vi täcker in är hur svensk gruvindustrin beskrivs av publikt tillgänglig statistik, hur denna statistik kan användas för att t.ex. utvärdera arbetsmiljö- och säkerhetsinitiativ i vidare studier, samt till vilken grad denna statistik kan användas som indikator för t.ex. arbetsmiljö. Detta har undersökts genom att undersöka de största relevanta statistikleverantörerna: Arbetsmiljöverket, Statistiska centralbyrån, SveMin, AFA Försäkring och Sveriges geologiska undersökning.

    Resultaten visar att olycksfallsfrekvensen inom den svenska gruvindustrin har sjunkit påtagligt under de senaste 30 åren och att detta vanligen tillskrivs omfattande förändringar inom teknik samt krav på systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete och nya organisationsformer. Detta gäller för båda undersökta företag. Branschen är dock fortfarande i behov av utvärdering av den relativa effekten av dessa förändringar, samt hur de olika faktorerna har påverkat varandra. Även i forskningen finns här en tydlig kunskapslucka.

  • 207. Olsson, Marita
    et al.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Om inte alla får havsutsikt så ska ingen ha det: erfarenheter och slutsatser från två utbildningsformer2001Inngår i: Villkor och vägar för grundläggande yrkesutbildning: några forskarperspektiv, Stockholm: Statens skolverk , 2001, s. 85-104Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 208.
    Rantakyrö, Lena
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Infrastructure in Pajala and Kolari2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 209.
    Rask, Kjell
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Similarities and differences between lean production, tayloristic and socio-technical systems revealed in the methodology characteristics map2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing: June 30th - July 2nd, 2008, Skövde, Sweden / [ed] Leo J. de Vin, 2008, s. 995-1001Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we illustrate similarities and differences between Lean Production, Sociotechnical System Theory and Taylorism (Scientific Management) in the methodology characteristics map. 10 categories are extracted from basic literature and classified for each of the methodologies, for the construction of the chart. 4 of the categories relate to division of work, where we discuss integration and segregation of work. 2 categories relate to instructions and information, while the remaining 4 are related to the general focus of the methodology. With reflections to the illustrated results in the chart, we discuss sources to disagreement about similarities and differences between the methodologies.

  • 210.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Enhancing social collaboration between humans and technology in the digitization of deep mining activity2011Inngår i: Proceedings: ISCAR International Conference 2011, Rome September 5-10, 2011, International society for cultural and activity research , 2011, s. 106-108Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discuses the use of organizational activity theory to address concerns on the best way to digitized human work that can lead to the creation of a harmony between the human, technical and the social system, towards increased productivity in the deep mine industry. The aim is to develop the requisite knowledge on the use of social networking technologies (new communication models) to design highly digitised work activity in which open collaboration can be enhanced between the human and the technological functions of the work that will make cross value chain optimisation a reality. Data is collected using observation and video-recording of miners’ activities, as well as recorded interviews techniques. The systemic-structural activity theory (Bedny and Karwowski, 2007), which focus on both the sociocultural approach to activity study and the individual-psychological approaches to activity study, which are basic to the study of human work is used. The main unit of analysis is the mine production activity. The sub-unit of analysis is carried out at two levels. These are the “object oriented” activity level, and the “subject-oriented” activity level. The object-oriented activity is analyzed from the perspectives of individual miners using technological tools (highly mechanized equipments) in breaking the rocks (material objects). The subject-oriented activity is also analyzed from the perspectives of the individual miner and his subjective interaction with the communication models and the technological tools as social objects. It is argued that since organizations possess technologies for accomplishing work, organizational activity then emphasizes a work system design in which technology affects social relations in organizations by structuring collaborative processes which are important components of an organization. It is then concluded that the systemic-structural activity theory can help understand how to optimize a work system’s design, such as the digitized mine activity, in terms of its sociotechnical system characteristics.

  • 211. Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Problem-identification workshop as a future-oriented macroergonomic tool for managing the work environment2010Inngår i: Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE IEEM, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2010, s. 492-496Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at the challenges that most organizations face in the management of their work environments, with respect to the tools that they can use to effectively capture both the explicit and tacit knowledge held by their employees for subsequent reuse when decisions need to be made. The problem-identification workshop, which is a macroergonomic tool for enhancing the management of work environment in an organization, was tested in an organization. Participants identified organizational problems, proposed solutions to them, realistically assessed the desirability and possibility of these solutions, and finally recommended action plans to the organization for its shortterm, intermediate and long-term design and management of effective work environment towards enhancing work life and productivity in the organization. It was concluded that problem-identification workshop is a good socio-pedagogic method that can be used as an intelligent participatory intervention tool by managers in organizations in the management of their work environments.Keywords - Work environment, problem-identification workshop, participatory ergonomics, acroergonomic tool

  • 212. Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Using PIW as a strategic participatory tool to capture implicit knowledge in organizations2011Inngår i: Global Journal of Strategies and Governance, ISSN 1923-6042, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 27-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at the challenges that most organizations face in the management of their work environments, with respect to the tools that they can use to effectively capture both the explicit and tacit knowledge held by their employees for subsequent reuse when decisions need to be made. The problem-identification workshop (PIW), which is a participatory tool for enhancing the management of work environment in an organization, was tested in an organization. Participants identified organizational problems, proposed solutions to them, realistically assessed the desirability and possibility of these solutions, and finally recommended action plans to the organization for its short-term, intermediate and long-term design and management of effective work environment towards enhancing work life and productivity in the organization. It was concluded that PIW is a good socio-pedagogic method that can be used as an intelligent participatory intervention tool by managers in organizations in the management of their work environments. Keywords: Work environment; Implicit knowledge; Problem-identification workshop; Socio-pedagogic method; Strategic participatory tool.

  • 213.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Conceptualization of the attractive work environment and organizational activity for humans in future deep mines2011Inngår i: Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, ISSN 2010-376X, E-ISSN 2070-3740, Vol. 50, s. 1017-1023Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize a futureoriented human work environment and organizational activity in deep mines that entails a vision of good and safe workplace. Futureoriented technological challenges and mental images required for modern work organization design were appraised. It is argued that an intelligent-deep-mine covering the entire value chain, including environmental issues and with work organization that supports good working and social conditions towards increased human productivity could be designed. With such intelligent system and work organization in place, the mining industry could be seen as a place where cooperation, skills development and gender equality are key components. By this perspective, both the youth and women might view mining activity as an attractive job and the work environment as a safe, and this could go a long way in breaking the unequal gender balance that exists in most mines today.

  • 214.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Conceptualization of the attractive work environment and organizational activity for humans in future deep mines2011Inngår i: International Journal of Human and Social Sciences, ISSN 1307-8046, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 82-88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize a future-oriented human work environment and organizational activity in deep mines that entails a vision of good and safe workplace. Future-oriented technological challenges and mental images required for modern work organization design were appraised. It is argued that an intelligent-deep-mine covering the entire value chain, including environmental issues and with work organization that supports good working and social conditions towards increased human productivity could be designed. With such intelligent system and work organization in place, the mining industry could be seen as a place where cooperation, skills development and gender equality are key components. By this perspective, both the youth and women might view mining activity as an attractive job and the work environment as a safe, and this could go a long way in breaking the unequal gender balance that exists in most mines today.

  • 215.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Towards the integration of technological, organizational and human subsystems of organizations to enhance productivity2011Inngår i: 2011 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), Singapore: IEEE Communications Society, 2011, s. 1628-1632Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at the challenges that most organizations, especially in the mining industry, face in managing both technological and human activities along their value chains. The aim was to understand how the organization’s technological, organizational and human components could be integrated to enhance collaboration and productive efficiency. Guided by an organizational activity theory framework, qualitative data were collected through interviews in a mining firm. The analysis of contradictions showed that production work in the mine is challenged due to the lack of proper coordination in task executions, with workers constrained in their task undertakings and unable to reduce downtime. It was concluded that firms can use the framework as an effective instrument, not only for organizational activity and work environment analyses, but as a tool for learning how to understand and manage the systemic characteristics of the technological, organizational and human components of their organizational activity systems.

  • 216.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Miners’ tacit knowledge: a unique resource for developing human-oriented lean mining culture in deep mines2011Inngår i: 2011 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), IEEE Communications Society, 2011, s. 299-404Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explored the significance of retaining aspects of traditional mining culture attributes as value-adding waste in the introduction of lean mining. The purpose was to understand the influences that aspects of human practices derived from miners’ tacit knowledge, and reinforced by traditional mining culture, could have in the molding of a lean culture to facilitate the introduction and sustenance of the lean mining philosophy. Historical and actual data were collected and analyzed by viewing mine culture as attributes, such as values, beliefs, schemas, and implicit theories commonly held among the mine workforce. It is concluded that since the knowledge-oriented human-added value held by individual miners is most commonly transferred through personal experience, such knowledge could be extracted to enhance the development of a human-oriented leaner mining culture to encapsulate the existing lean mining philosophy

  • 217.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Understanding social collaboration between actors and technology in an automated and digitised deep mining environment2011Inngår i: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 54, nr 10, s. 904-916Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to develop knowledge and learning on the best way to automate organizational activities in deep mines that could lead to the creation of harmony between the human, technical and the social system, towards increased productivity. The findings showed that though the introduction of high-level technological tools in the work environment disrupted the social relations developed over time amongst the employees in most situations, the technological tools themselves became substitute social collaborative partners to the employees. It is concluded that, in developing a digitised mining production system, knowledge of the social collaboration between the humans (miners) and the technology they use for their work must be developed. By implication, knowledge of the human’s subject-oriented and object-oriented activities should be considered as an important integral resource for developing a better technological, organisational and human interactive subsystem when designing the intelligent automation and digitisation systems for deep mines.

  • 218.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Using systemic approach to identify performance enhancing strategies of rock drilling activity in deep mines2012Inngår i: Advances in Cognitive Engineering and Neuroergonomics / [ed] Kay M. Stanney; Kelly S. Hale, Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group , 2012, s. 135-144Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looked at the need for understanding the sociotechnical and psychosocial characteristics of rock drilling activity in deep mines that could lead to the harmonization of the human, technological, and organizational components of the work systems. The aim is to identify performance enhancing strategies that could be used to improve and optimize human-technology collaboration in rock drilling activity in deep mines. Guided by the systemic structural activity theory, data was collected by video recording two skilled miners engaged in two separate rock drilling activities using a high technology drilling machine at a Swedish underground mine. Using the systemic analytical approach, the data obtained were analyzed morphologically and functionally. In the morphological analysis, the constructive features of the rock drilling activity, entailing the logical and spatio-temporal organization of the cognitive behavioral actions and operations involved, were described. In describing the structure of the production drilling activity, the work process was subdivided into tasks. These tasks were analyzed individually in terms of the miners’ mental and motor actions and operations. In the functional analysis, the actions and operations entailed in the rock drilling activity were appraised qualitatively, using systemic principles to identify potential strategies of activity performance. Results from analysis of the miners’ motors actions during the rock drilling activity showed that by using implicit driven strategies, they were able to perform simultaneously two specific tasks that required high levels of concentration and visual control in the normal visual field available to them from inside the protective cabin of the high technology equipment they were using. One task involved the miners’ use of both hands to operate joysticks to control the movements of two robotic arm drills (boomers). The miners other task entailed the visual location of drilling spots on a computer generated drilling surface spots map, and then guiding the robotic arms to the corresponding drill spots marked on the rock surfaces on which the drilling occurs. It is also found that despite the high level of concentration required in performing these two simultaneous tasks, the miners use their implicit knowledge of the rocks and the characteristics of sounds produced by the engagement between the robotic arm drill and the rock surface to enhance their performances. They simultaneously combine their mental actions and motor actions in recognizing and remedying the constraining effects of unfamiliar stimuli during the rock drilling activity. It is concluded that the functional efficiency and effectiveness of rock drilling activity as well as the miner’s productive performance in future automated and digitized deep mines could be enhanced by identifying the implicit characteristics of their performance enhancing actions and operational strategies. Such implicit characteristics of action and operational strategies are used by miners to facilitate the simultaneous functioning of their motor and mental actions, and by implication, enhance their productiveness and task performances in the rock drilling activity in the deep mines. This understanding has future implications in designing a very efficient and effective human-technology collaboration in a highly digitized deep mine work system.

  • 219.
    Sanda, Mohammed-Aminu
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Using systemic structural activity approach in identifying strategies enhancing human performance in mining production drilling activity2014Inngår i: Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, ISSN 1463-922X, E-ISSN 1464-536X, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 262-282Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to identify performance-enhancing strategies that could be used to improve and optimise human–technology collaboration in rock drilling ‘activity’ in deep mines. Results from the analysis of miners’ motor actions during rock drilling activity showed that by using procedurally driven strategies, they were able to perform simultaneously two specific tasks that required high levels of concentration and visual control in the normal visual field available to them from inside the protective cabin of the high-technology equipment they were using. The miners simultaneously combine their mental actions and motor actions in recognising and remedying the constraining effects of unfamiliar stimuli during the rock drilling task. It is concluded that the functional efficiency and effectiveness of rock drilling as well as the miner’s productive performance infuture automated and digitised deep mines could be enhanced by identifying the procedural characteristics of their performance-enhancing actions and operational strategies.

  • 220.
    Sandkull, Bengt
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Från Taylor till Toyota2000 (oppl. 2)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 221.
    Sandkull, Bengt
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Från Taylor till Toyota: betraktelser av den industriella produktionens organisation och ekonomi1996Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 222. Toolanen, Bengt
    et al.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Transparency and cooperation: essential factors of lean constructing2005Inngår i: Proceedings: 13th Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction / [ed] Russell Kenley, Sydney: International group for lean construction , 2005, s. 127-133Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Managing the growing extent of fast, complex and uncertain construction projects is in many ways the focus within prevalent Lean Construction theories. An essential prerequisite to get a more effective and lean construction process is to use adequate procurement models to promote innovation and cooperation. This paper presents a study of how different project related prerequisites affect the choice of performance, remuneration and cooperation models when contracting. The results are based on a field survey among professional construction clients with the purpose to investigate how different factors such as short lead time, market competition, different kinds of uncertainties and strategic considerations are affecting the contracting process. Choosing the performance model is mainly connected to the distribution of responsibility of the design between the client and the contractor. However, project oriented and external factors can also impact this decision, e.g. lead time for project execution, technical complexity and lack of interested bidders increases the usage of design and build types of contracts. Decisions of remuneration and cooperation models are highly connected to the risk management of projects where short lead time, poor competition and different kinds of uncertainties are present. Under these circumstances and when the client wants to participate strategically in the construction process, transparent models of remuneration and cooperation during a partnership are favoured.

  • 223.
    Weimer, Lucas
    et al.
    Institute of Mineral Resources Engineering (MRE)RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
    Angeli, Vivienne
    Institute of Mineral Resources Engineering (MRE)RWTH Aachen University, Aachen,Germany.
    Binder, Angela
    Institute of Mining, Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal, Germany.
    Feyerabend, Christoph
    Dräger Safety AG & Co. KGaA, Lübeck, Germany.
    Galler, Robert
    Subsurface Engineering, Montanuniversität Leoben, Leoben, Austria.
    Hofer, Peter
    Abteilung Controlling und Inspizierung / Kommando Streitkräfte, Graz, Austria.
    Hutwalker, Alexander
    Institute of Mining, Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal, Germany.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Langefeld, Oliver
    Institute of Mining, Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal, Germany.
    Lottermoser, Bernd
    Institute of Mineral Resources Engineering (MRE)RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
    Lööw, Joel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz in der Rohstoffindustrie im Kontext moderner Hochschulbildung: das SafeMine-Programm2019Inngår i: Berg- und Huttenmännische Monatshefte (BHM), ISSN 0005-8912, E-ISSN 1613-7531Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [de]

    Unternehmen auf der ganzen Welt stehen vor steigenden Herausforderungen bei der Rekrutierung von qualifizierten Arbeitskräften. Obwohl die verstärkten Sicherheitsbemühungen in der Rohstoffindustrie in den letzten Jahrzehnten erfolgreich waren, bleibt das Arbeitsumfeld durch seine spezifischen Anforderungen anspruchsvoll und einzigartig. Die Arbeit in der Rohstoffindustrie ist nach wie vor mit dem Vorurteil belastet, dunkel, staubig und gefährlich zu sein. Daher soll die Schaffung attraktiver und noch sichererer Arbeitsplätze dazu beitragen, die Lücken einer alternden Belegschaft zu schließen. Das vom EIT Raw Materials geförderte SafeMine-Projekt zielt darauf ab, ein ganzheitliches und belastbares Graduiertenprogramm für Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz in der Rohstoffindustrie zeitnah zu entwickeln. Die besonderen Ziele des SafeMine-Projekts sind die Ausbildung einer neuen Generation von qualifizierten Fachkräften und die Generierung fortschrittlicher wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse. Auf Grundlage einer Gap-Analyse, welche aktuelle Ausbildungsangebote zu Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz in der Rohstoffindustrie (MHS – Mine, Health and Safety) thematisierte, wurden die Bedürfnisse der Industrie identifiziert. Bei dieser Suche wurde kein spezifisches postgraduales Ausbildungsprogramm gefunden, welches sich umfassend und detailliert mit MHS-Themen befasst. Um die Ergebnisse zu ergänzen, wurde eine Branchenumfrage durchgeführt. Insgesamt reichten 43 Teilnehmer rund 1250 Antworten ein. Die Teilnehmenden kamen überwiegend aus Europa (76 %) mit einem beruflichen Hintergrund aus der Bergbauindustrie (47 %). Die Ergebnisse zeigen eine deutliche Lücke zwischen den aktuellen Bildungsaktivitäten im MHS-Sektor und den Erwartungen der Industrie. Auf der Grundlage der Ergebnisse wird ein angepasstes Graduiertenprogramm entwickelt. Die verbesserte Ausbildung von Führungskräften in der Rohstoffindustrie ist die Grundlage für fundierte strategische Entscheidungen in technischen und personellen Fragen und stärkt die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Unternehmen – so wie es auch von der Europäischen Union unterstützt und gefördert wird.

  • 224.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Stina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Rask, Kjell
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Framtidsfabriken: En vision av framtidens effektiva och attraktiva arbetsmiljöer i industrin2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här rapporten beskrivs metoder och resultat från projektet Framtidsfabriken, vars idé har varit att bryta traditionella mönster vid utformning av produktionssystem genom att inkludera grupper som i vanliga fall inte deltar i förändringsprojekt. Projektet har bedrivits på Arbetsvetenskap vid Luleå tekniska universitet. Syftet med projektet har dels varit att problematisera och utveckla metoder för produktionsutformning och dels att bidra till utveckling av teorierna om ’det goda arbetet’. En konkret frågeställning har varit; Hur utformas ett modernt produktionssystem baserat på krav formulerade av kvinnor och ungdomar? Projektets mål har varit att utforma en vision av en effektiv, attraktiv och långsiktigt hållbar arbetsmiljö i industrin. En avgränsning i projektet har varit valet att arbeta med industrin som bransch och inte en specifik typ av produktion eller ett visst företag. Projektet har bedrivits om ett interaktivt projekt i samarbete med aktörer från industrin. Totalt har 121 personer fördelat på 59 procent kvinnor och 41 procent män medverkat som deltagare i projektet. Deltagarna i projektet har varit anställda på både chefs- och medarbetarnivå i industrin, ungdomar, samt representanter för branschorganisationer och fackförbund. Arbetet har huvudsakligen genomförts i form av workshops samt fokusgrupper och intervjuer. Metoden har varit Future Workshops, där deltagarna inledningsvis diskuterar nuläge för att sedan arbeta med framtida ideala lösningar och idéer om implementering av lösningar. Även andra metoder har nyttjats; ”Personas” för att förmedla nuvarande situationer i industrin, scenarier för att stimulera till idéer om framtiden samt olika metoder och associativa bilder för att stimulera kreativitet och kommunikation i gruppen. Analys av material från intervjuer, observationer, diskussioner, val av bilder, ljud- och videoinspelningar har inriktats mot förståelse av deltagarnas kontexter och tolkning av deras behov och preferenser. Projektet har varit annorlunda genom målsättningen att bryta traditionella mönster av produktionsutformning genom att inkludera grupper som i vanliga fall inte deltar i förändringsprojekt. En vision av ett modernt produktionssystem har utformats, baserat på krav formulerade av kvinnor. Några exempel från visionen är att alla är medarbetare på Framtidsfabriken. Det är lika många män som kvinnor på alla befattningar. På framtidsfabriken arbetas med filosofin ’livslång trainee’. Man arbetar med olika former av nätverk, där olika kompetenser både inom och utanför företaget möts för att stimulera till innovation, ständig utveckling och förbättring. Flexibel arbetstid möjliggörs via individuella scheman. I lokalerna finns mötesplatser för kommunikation, nätverk och projektarbeten. Lokalerna är ljusa och färgsatta enligt företagsidentiteten. Teknik och kommunikation underlättas via ett enhetliga system, som alla kan ta del av.

  • 225.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Johansson, BoLuleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.Johansson, JanLuleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Ledning i småföretag2006Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 226.
    Ylinenpää, Håkan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bo
    Ledning i småföretag: handlingsramar och spänningsfält2006Inngår i: Ledning i småföretag, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2006, s. 331-351Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
2345 201 - 226 of 226
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