Endre søk
Begrens søket
4445464748 2301 - 2350 of 2391
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 2301.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Tillberg, Bengt
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ekblom, Berit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Fysiska belastningar på kabinpersonal vid trafikflygning1980Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2302.
    Wirdenäs, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Cervikal Joint Position Sense: Test-retest reliability using laser pointer and one-dimensional target2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Impaired proprioception has been reported in patients with neck pain. The most common way to assess proprioception is the testing of joint position sense. Researchers usually uses advanced technical equipment. Laser pointer tests have been described for testing global joint position sense against two-dimensional targets, which can also be used clinically. One-dimensional targets can provide accurate information about deviations in the current motion plane and allow easy calculation of a number of additional output variables.

    Objectives: Evaluate test-retest reliability of a new clinical test using laser pointer and a one-dimensional target for assessment of cervical joint position sense.

    Design: Cross-sectional test-retest reliability study.

    Method:The study included 56 individuals, 30 healthy controls and 26 with neck pain were tested at two occasions 6-8 days apart. Calculation of the reliability was done by analysing relative, ICC, and absolute, SEM, reliability.

    Results: The results were relatively scattered but showed an overall moderatereliability with an ICC between 0,51-0,73, but in some cases a poor reliability under 0,5 except for two measures that showed good reliability over 0,77.The SEM for total group were between 0,72°-2,87°, indicating a relatively high level. 

    Conclusions: Current research demonstrates an overall moderate reliability testing JPS with a laser pointer and a one-dimensional target.

  • 2303.
    Wireby, Tove
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Kroppsmedvetandeträning som fysioterapeutisk behandling vid ångest: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kroppsmedvetandeträning är ett fysioterapeutiskt tillvägagångssätt med syfte att öka patientens medvetenhet om den egna kroppen genom att normalisera kroppshållning, balans, andning och muskelspänning. Ångest är mycket vanligt förekommande hos patienter både inom primärvård och inom somatisk sjukhusvård samt hos patienter med långvarig smärta, och tar sig i uttryck i kroppen bland annat genom att kroppshållning, muskulär spänningsbalans och andning påverkas. Syfte: Att kartlägga om kroppsmedvetandeträning har en effekt på ångest. Metod: För att besvara syftet har en systematisk litteraturstudie genomförts. Sökningar gjordes i de medicinska databaserna Pub Med, Cinahl, PsycInfo samt Science Direct Journals. Resultat: Totalt granskades 13 studier. 12 av dessa visade att kroppsmedvetandeträning har en positiv effekt på ångest, varav nio stycken visade på signifikant effekt. En studie visade på ökning av ångest, dock ej signifikant. Av de nio studier som visade på signifikant positiv effekt på ångest studerade fem av dem kroppsmedvetandeträning som tilläggsbehandling och fyra studerade kroppsmedvetandeträning som enda behandling. Konklusion: Kroppsmedvetandeträning har en signifikant positiv effekt på ångest, både som enda behandling och som tilläggsbehandling.

  • 2304.
    Wisten, Aase
    et al.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sunderby Hospital, Lulea.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Forsberg, Håkan
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sunderby Hospital, Lulea.
    Krantz, P
    Messner, Torbjörn
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sunderby Hospital, Lulea.
    Sudden cardiac death in the young in Sweden: electrocardiogram in relation to forensic diagnosis2004Inngår i: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 255, nr 2, s. 213-220Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To study electrocardiogram (ECG) in relation to forensic diagnosis in young persons who suffered a sudden cardiac death (SCD) in Sweden during 1992-99. DESIGN: A register study of a national database of forensic medicine in Sweden, selecting all cases of SCD 15-35 years of age. In this group, 12-lead ECGs and clinical data were searched for in military conscription and medical records. The ECGs were re-analysed and classified according to the Minnesota code criteria. SETTING: The whole nation of Sweden. SUBJECTS: Sudden cardiac death victims (66 individuals), 15-35 years of age, where it was possible to obtain an ECG recording. RESULTS: We observed major or minor ECG abnormalities in 82% of the subjects. The most common changes were T wave abnormalities (35%), ST segment changes (32%) and conduction defects (20%). The ECGs were evaluated as pathological in 50% of the cases, more often in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (88%) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (82%). Cardiac-related symptoms were seen in 76% of the total group and there was a family history of a similar cardiac condition in 18%. CONCLUSIONS: Pathological ECGs were common in young SCD victims, in spite of being taken many years before death. An ECG could help identify prospective victims of SCD, and should always be taken in cases with possible cardiac-related symptoms or a family history of SCD. The pathological ECGs were often found in connection with routine screening at military enlistment for men, which raises the question of a routine screening in the young, including women

  • 2305.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Home-based activity support for dementia care partners2016Inngår i: 1st CONTEC-ENOTHE Congress: National University of Ireland, Galway 15-19 June 2016, 2016, s. 449-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2306.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    The Occupation of Caregiving: Moving Beyond Individualistic Perspectives2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this research was to illuminate and describe caregiving as an occupation, informed by perspectives from older adult care partners and occupational therapists. An additional aim was to integrate and inform study findings with theoretical constructs that inform occupational therapy practice through occupational science and public health perspectives. Although caregiving was the main construct under consideration, the specific focus was on care situations involving older adults.

    Study 1 considered the narratives of 3 older adult women serving as informal (unpaid) caregivers to friends and family members. All of the women were over the age of 65 and of varied racial/ethnic backgrounds. Data were elicited through story prompts embedded in repeated semi-structured interviews and analyzed using a storyboarding approach and poetic transcription.

    Study 2 was an ethnographic case study considering how care dyads take part in community mobility, a common instrumental activity of daily living, with a particular focus on how the caregiver supports the participation of the care recipient. 3 care dyads (6 participants) over the age of 65 were consented into the study. The researcher employed participant observation, field note journaling and semi-structured interviews followed by thematic qualitative analysis to illuminate strategies used by these care dyads to remain active in community mobility in the context of their care situation.

    Study 3 used a constructivist grounded theory approach to explore the perspectives of occupational therapists regarding their interactions with older adult caregivers. Repetitive focus groups with 11 occupational therapy practitioners, researcher memos and individual reflections from 2 additional participants provided multifaceted data that the researchers analyzed through several levels of coding to construct a grounded theory of occupational therapist-caregiver interactions.

    Study 4 consisted of secondary data analyses of a national survey of adult caregivers conducted in the United States in 2014-2015. Data specific to 482 caregivers age 65+ and older and their care recipients were extracted from the overall sample and considered in relationship to responses to questions regarding support received from healthcare providers. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were employed to develop a profile of older adult care situations and predict inquiries of support from healthcare providers based on care situation characteristics.

    Findings from the first two studies highlighted the relational nature of caregiving and an expanded view of the caregiver role. Study 1 also revealed that interactions with health care providers in positions of authority are often challenging and compel caregivers to act in ways they perceive as risky. Study 2 reinforced that caregivers act in ways that are influenced as much or more by the history of their relationships as by caregiving demands, and led to the explication of relational versus individual perspectives. These findings influenced the approaches used in studies 3 and 4, which focused on interactions between healthcare providers and older caregivers, specifically occupational therapists in study 3 and other healthcare professionals in study 4. Findings from study 3 resulted in a theoretical stance that occupational therapists are influenced by biomedical contexts to situate caregivers as paraprofessionals to help meet care recipient goals. This perpetuates an individualistic lens on caregiving, emphasizing the biomedical priorities of the patient over the priorities or support needs of the care situation. Support offered by healthcare providers in the form of inquiries about the needs of older caregivers was found in study 4 to be less than optimal, and appears not to be predicted by any characteristics of the care situation other than the living situation of the care recipient. In sum, individualistic perspectives fail to realize the occupational complexity of caregiving, and provide an opportunity to explore more collective paradigms when supporting older adult care situations.

     

  • 2307.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Care partner dyad strategies to support participation in community mobility2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 220-229Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Factors supporting continued community mobility for older adults warrant attention due to the relationship between mobility, health, and social participation. Although community mobility is typically considered from the perspective of individual functional abilities, care partnerships represent a situation in which maintaining community mobility has implications for the well-being of all members. Aim The aim of this research was to explore and describe strategies used by older adult care partner dyads to support and maintain participation in community mobility. Methods Ethnographic case studies of three care partner dyads were conducted using in-depth interviews, participant observation, photographs, and reciprocal data analysis. An inductive, constant comparative data analysis resulted in thematic descriptions of strategies employed by the care partner dyads. Results Three strategies were identified in collaboration with care partners: (i) Acting in accordance with the values of the relationship, (ii) Finding and using available assistive technology and (iii) Relying on social networks. Conclusion and significance Strategies identified by participants were more relational than procedural in nature, indicating the need for occupational therapists working with care partner dyads to consider historical routines, social connectedness, and needs of the care partnership in addition to functional abilities of the care recipient when addressing community mobility

  • 2308.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Dickie, Virginia
    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Occupational Therapists’ Interactions With Older Adult Caregivers: Negotiating Priorities and Expertise2019Inngår i: OTJR (Thorofare, N.J.), ISSN 1539-4492, E-ISSN 1938-2383, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 48-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although numerous studies have examined provider–caregiver interactions and their influence on care outcomes, few represent the perspective of the provider or specifically consider occupational therapy practitioners. The aim of this article is to explore the perspectives of occupational therapists regarding interactions with older adult caregivers in geriatric practice settings. The study was conducted using a constructivist grounded theory approach based on data obtained from repeated focus group sessions and subsequent individual reflections. Occupational therapy practitioners interact with older adult caregivers in ways that reflect negotiations about who holds expertise and whose priorities are most relevant in care situations. These interactions are influenced by health care contexts that foreground the needs of the care recipient. A deeper understanding of caregiving as an occupation via a transactional perspective may serve to illuminate complex care situations and optimize therapist–caregiver interactions.

  • 2309.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Crossing a Line: A narrative of risk-taking by older women serving as caregivers2017Inngår i: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 41, s. 60-66Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Caregiving carried out by adults for other adults is increasing around the world as the demographics of many industrialized countries shift toward an older population with escalating care needs toward the end of life. Although much has been written about caregiving, few studies document the experiences of providing care as narrated by the caregivers.

    Aim

    To explore the everyday experiences of older adults serving as primary informal caregivers to significant others.

    Methods

    A process of narrative inquiry was used via repeated interviews with three older women caregivers providing care to family members or friends. The data were analyzed using storyboarding techniques and identifying critical turning points, culminating in a poetic transcription of the resulting narrative.

    Results

    These caregivers describe a tension that exists across their experiences and communication with authorities on whom they rely for guidance and collaboration. Situations in which this tension pushes the caregivers to act in ways that represent risk to themselves or their care recipients are central to the collective narrative.

    Conclusion and significance

    The everyday experiences of older adult caregivers include not only familiar care routines, but also advocacy on behalf of care recipients and negotiations with external authorities, resulting at times in unwelcome risk-taking. Their narrative warrants attention due to the lack of power described by caregivers when acting on behalf of their care recipients and the need for those in authority to recognize their dilemma.

  • 2310.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Contemporary home-based care: encounters, relationships and the use of distance-spanning technology2012Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Encounters and relationships are basic foundations of nursing care and the preconditions for these foundations are changing along with a change in healthcare towards an increase of home-based care. In this development the use of distance-spanning technology is becoming increasingly common. There is a need to develop more knowledge and a theory base about the role of the encounter and the relationship in home-based care. Most studies so far cover the topic in the context of hospital care. There is also need to develop more knowledge of experiences of distance-spanning technology in home-based care.The overall aim of this doctoral thesis was to explore home-based care with specific focus on the use of distance-spanning technology, encounters and relationships from the perspectives of persons in need of care, general practitioners (GPs) and registered nurses (RNs).The thesis contains studies with persons in need of home-based care (n=9), general practitioners (n=17) and registered nurses (n=24). The study with RNs consisted of registered nurses (n=13) and district nurses (n=11). The data was collected through individual interviews and group interviews and were analyzed by qualitative content analysis with various degrees of interpretations.Home-based care with mobile distance-spanning technology (MDST) was experienced as positive and it opens up possibilities, however MDST also has limitations. It was considered that MDST should be used by care professionals and not by the person in need of care or their family members. The MDST affects home-based care and the work and cooperation in home-based care. The expression was that a face-to-face encounter should be the norm and MDST cannot replace all face-to-face encounters in home-based care. MDST could work in some situation, but should be used with caution. The findings also show that good encounters in home-based nursing care contain dimensions of being personal and professional, and that the challenge is to create a good balance between these. Being together in the encounter is a prerequisite for the development of relationships and good nursing care at home is built on a trusting relationship. The relationship is a reciprocal relationship that the person and the nurse develop together and nurses have to consciously work on the relationship. It seems that a good encounter and a trusting relationship could affect the views on the use of distance-spanning technology in homebased care. The participants in the studies in general expressed positive attitude towards distancespanning technology at the same time as they expressed caution about an extensive use of it in home-based care. They highlighted the importance of positive encounters and the importance of the relationship in order to receive and provide good care and nursing care in the homes. The context of home-based care has changed and will continue to change over time. This change leads to that the use of distance-spanning technology is increasing and challenges the nurses to develop work strategies that can promote competence, caring and communication in the encounter, and building and maintaining relationships in home-based nursing care.

  • 2311.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Mobile distance-spanning technology in home care: views and reasoning among persons in need of health care and general practitioners2009Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this licentiate thesis was to describe views and reasoning about the use of mobile distance-spanning technology (MDST) in health care at home, from the perspectives of persons in need of health care and general practitioners (GP). A descriptive qualitative approach was chosen to achieve the overall aim. Individual qualitative research interviews and qualitative group research interviews were used for data collection. Qualitative content analysis and qualitative thematic content analysis were used for data analysis.The findings show that persons in need of health care at home recognized MDST as being similar to the technology used at hospital. They described the MDST at home as acceptable but still in its infancy. The limited experiences in using MDST led to some persons doubting the reliability of the examinations routinely carried out at home instead of at hospital. When using the MDST, more examinations can be performed at home but there was some overconfidence concerning the possibility of what MDST can achieve. They saw the staff as users of the MDST, and the MDST should not be used by the persons or their family members. The MDST was seen as possible for distance communication but personal meetings with a GP or a nurse also have to be possible. The GPs must know the person concerned before making decisions at a distance. The persons felt that as long as it is easy to go to the healthcare centre or to the hospital the examinations should be done there, but if they are in a bad condition and there are long distances, then examinations at home become relevant. In an emergency situation, going to hospital rather than staying at home was inevitable and obvious. The MDST at home was described as a part of a chain which can be efficient only when other parts of the chain are taken good care of. When the MDST was assumed to be safe and secure then it could be used on a permanent basis at home, but this decision had to be made by DNs and GPs. The GPs reasoned that the MDST should be used with caution. There is a professional caution, which is based on the GPs' professional experiences, responsibilities and skills. Human meetings were seen as important for performing secure judgments and as the basis for health care, but some meetings can be replaced by virtual meetings. A virtual meeting could be useful for the patients and their families but it depends on their expectations. It could benefit them but there is also an overconfidence concerning what MDST can do. The GPs reasoned about the MDST in general and the usability of different diagnostic tools. The MDST was described as being not yet fully developed. Sometimes the MDST could support the GPs' decisions, but when handling very complicated cases, meeting the patient and understanding his or her context was seen as highly important. Expanded access to patient records facilitates the GPs work but the patient's integrity has to be ensured. It is easy for nurses to do more during home visits, but there must be an agreement between the nurse and the GP regarding how to handle the responsibility.The results in this thesis indicate that the participants attach both positive values about MDST as well as believing that some tools have no value at all. This is important when attempting to understand what is important for persons in need of health care and for GPs benefit when planning health care at home for the future.

  • 2312.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Människan och teknologin vid vård i hemmet2008Inngår i: Forskning i Norr, 21-22 maj 2008, Mittuniversitetet , 2008, s. 181-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2313.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Axelsson, Karin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    General practitioners' reasoning about using mobile distance-spanning technology in home care and in nursing home care2011Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 117-125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The trend for health care and nursing care turns from hospital to health care and nursing care at home. Studies have shown that health care professionals have no access to patient records in home and nursing home settings. Technological development creates opportunities for a host of mobile technology solutions. The aim of this study was to describe the reasoning among general practitioners (GPs) about the use of mobile distance-spanning technology (MDST) in care at home and in nursing homes. Seventeen GPs were divided in five groups for a group interview. The interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The qualitative content analysis resulted in four areas about the MDST, MDST has an impact on GPs' work, the nurses' profession, and the patient and the family, with nine adherent categories. The findings were interpreted and formulated in the theme: MDST should be used with caution. The results show quite a few expressions about the MDST as useful and valuable in health care at home and in nursing home settings; however, in every category, there were text that we interpreted as caution when using the MDST. The MDST cannot be used in all situations and cannot replace human meetings in health care and nursing care at home and in nursing homes. The MDST should primarily be a tool for the profession, and understanding the professions' reasoning about technology use in health care at home and in nursing home settings must be the base for implementing MDST.

  • 2314.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Axelsson, Karin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    The importance of human meetings in health care at home with mobile distance-spanning technology2010Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 19, nr Suppl. 1, s. 91-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: New solutions could be a challenge for both the persons in need of health care at home and the health care professions when the person's individual needs in health care at home have to be met. The mobile distances-spanning technology (MDST) could come into use to support the health care at home. Before implementing the MDST the voices of persons in need of health care at home need to be heard about the use of MDST. Methods and Materials: The aim was to describe views and experiences about the use of MDST in health care at home from the perspectives of persons in need of health care at home. The persons were living in ordinary homes and all had experiences of MDST when district nurses were caring for them at home. Persons in need of health care at home (n=9) participated in individual qualitative research interviews for data collection. Qualitative content analysis was used for data analysis. Results: Participants put health care at home in the first place and the MDST was put in the second place. The importance of human meetings was put forwards. The results indicate in different ways opportunities, possibilities and risks with using MDSTs. When the MDST was used, it was important to have established a relationship and trust to the district nurses and the general practitioners, and to know them and to be known by them. The participants expressed that the health care professionals need to see the person behind the technology. Conclusion: Human meetings can never be excluded in health care at home even when a virtual meeting for some issues is relevant. The MDST can never capture or replace the human meetings but human meetings and virtual meetings can be used as complement to each other.

  • 2315.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Axelsson, Karin
    The mobile distance-spanning technology in health care at home2010Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 19, nr Suppl. 1, s. 92-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Health care at home could be a challenge for both the persons in need of health care at home and the health care professions when the person's individual needs in health care at home have to be met. There is a need for different technical solutions in order to create opportunities for persons in need of health care to stay in their own homes and get health care. The mobile distances-spanning technology (MDST) could come into use to support the health care at home for the future. Methods and Materials: The aim of this presentation is to describe the usefulness of MDST in health care at home. During a project MDST have been tested as an addition in health care at home. The district nurses used 11 different mobile equipments in home care. During the home visits they filled out a form (n=154) about which equipment they used when caring for persons in home care. Results: The district nurses did totally 184 home visits and in 154 cases they used the equipments during the test period. The most frequently used equipment was the mobile computer with access to the patient record (73%) and the access to the patient record was reported as useful at home. The district nurses noted importance to use the bladder scanner even if it was not used so often (11%). The digital camera was used (8%) and was reported as complicated but useful when documenting the healing process of wounds. When the electronic stethoscope was used (7%) some reported a disturbing sound that hampered the assessment. Conclusion: There are several equipments that could be useful and it is important to test and identify the equipments that are most suitable for use in home care.

  • 2316.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Trust and relationship when using mobile distance-spanning technology in healthcare at home2011Inngår i: e-health and nursing: How Can E-Health Promote Patient Safety? : ACENDIO 2011, 8th European Conference of ACENDIO / [ed] Fintan Sheerin, Dublin: Association for Common European Nursing Diagnoses, Interventions and Outcomes , 2011, s. 344-350Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2317.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Views on technology among people in need of health care at home2009Inngår i: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 68, nr 2, s. 158-169Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. The aim of this study was to describe how people in need of health care at home view technology.Study design. A qualitative approach was used based on qualitative interviews, followed by qualitative content analysis.Methods. District nurses (DNs) from 4 health care centres in Northern Sweden had access to different kinds of distance-spanning technology with mobile devices and who used it in their health care at home. Persons in whose home the technology was being used were asked to participate in an interview. The interviewed persons were selected consecutively. Results. The results fall into 2 categories: (1) The well-known technology at hospital is new at home, (2) the new technology opens up possibilities but it also has limitations, with seven adherent subcategories.Conclusions. The participants viewed the technology at home as something good and as something that could open up possibilities. At the same time, they placed the use of the technology in the hands of the staff which indicates some degree of dissociation from the technology. The importance of personal meetings between patient and caregiver was very clearly stressed even when distance meetings could be performed and accepted. The participants expressed immense trust in the nursing staff and considered them responsible for the new technology at home.

  • 2318.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Sävenstedt, Stefan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Caring relationships in home-based nursing care: registered nurse's experiences2013Inngår i: Open Nursing Journal, ISSN 1874-4346, E-ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 7, s. 89-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The caring relationship between the nurse and the person in need of nursing care has been described as a key concept in nursing and could facilitate health and healing by involving the person's genuine needs. The aim of this study was to explore registered nurses' experiences of their relationships with persons in need of home-based nursing care. Individual interviews with nurses (n=13 registered nurses and 11 district nurses) working in home-based nursing care were performed. A thematic content analysis was used to analyze the transcribed interviews and resulted in the main theme Good nursing care is built on trusting relationship and five sub-themes, Establishing the relationship in home-based nursing care, Conscious efforts maintains the relationship, Reciprocity is a requirement in the relationship, Working in different levels of relationships and Limitations and boundaries in the relationship. A trusting relationship between the nurse and the person in need of healthcare is a prerequisite for good home-based nursing care whether it is based on face-to-face encounters or remote encounters through distance-spanning technology. A trusting relationship could reduce the asymmetry of the caring relationship which could strengthen the person's position. The relationship requires conscious efforts from the nurse and a choice of level of the relationship. The trusting relationship was reciprocal and meant that the nurse had to communicate something about themself as the person needs to know who is entering the home and who is communicating through distance-spanning technology.

  • 2319.
    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Sävenstedt, Stefan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Encounters in home-based nursing care: registered nurses' experiences2013Inngår i: Open Nursing Journal, ISSN 1874-4346, E-ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 73-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The encounter between registered nurses and persons in need of healthcare has been described as fundamental in nursing care. This encounter can take place face-to-face in physical meetings and through meetings via distance-spanning technology. A strong view expressed in the literature is that the face-to-face encounter is important and cannot entirely be replaced by remote encounters. The encounter has been studied in various healthcare contexts but there is a lack of studies with specific focus on the encounter in home-based nursing care. The aim of this study was to explore the encounter in home-based nursing care based on registered nurses' experiences. Individual interviews were performed with 24 nurses working in home-based nursing care. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using thematic content analysis and six themes were identified: Follows special rules, Needs some doing, Provides unique information and understanding, Facilitates by being known, Brings energy and relieves anxiety, and Can reach a spirit of community. The encounter includes dimensions of being private, being personal and being professional. A good encounter contains dimensions of being personal and being professional and that there is a good balance between these. This is an encounter between two human beings, where the nurse faces the person with herself and the profession steadily and securely in the back. Being personal and professional at the same time could encourage nurses to focus on doing and being during the encounter in home-based nursing care.

  • 2320.
    Wändahl, Lovisa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Brandels, Siri
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gruppen som verktyg: En litteraturöversikt om gruppens inverkan för personer med fibromyalgi- ett fysioterapeutiskt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion Fibromyalgi är ett syndrom som betecknas av utbredd fluktuerande långvarigsmärta med andra varierande symptom. Symptomen förstärker varandra och leder vanligentill fysisk inaktivitet. Då orsaken till fibromyalgi ännu inte är fastställd används varierandemetoder som symtombehandling. Ofta utvecklas copingstrategier för att minska symtom ochfunktionsnedsättning. Som rehabilitering finns flera fysioterapeutiska behandlingsmetoder,som ofta görs i grupp. För människan är det viktigt att ingå i fungerande grupper, som kangynna rehabiliteringen. Inom detta område finns ingen funnen litteratursammanställning, tillförfattarnas kännedom, som beskriver hur grupprocessens effekt kan användas inomfysioterapi. Syfte Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva hur individer med fibromyalgipåverkas av gruppdynamik vid rehabilitering. Metod En litteratursökning i databasernaPubmed, Cinahl, Amed, Sport Discus, Medline, PsycInfo, ERIC och PsycArticlesgenomfördes. Databaserna genomsöktes med följande sökord: “Fibromyalgia ANDqualitative AND group”, “Fibromyalgia AND rehabilitation AND group AND qualitative”,“Fibromyalgia rehabilitation AND quality of life AND self-efficacy” och “FibromyalgiaAND rehabilitation AND group process”. 261 studier hittades varav elva kvalitativa studierinkluderades. Resultat Utifrån artiklarna framkom nio kategorier: samvaro med andra isamma livssituation, bli bekräftad, humor och glädje, ömsesidigt utbyte, bryta isoleringen,personlig utveckling, information, ofördelaktiga sidor och utformning av gruppinterventioner. Konklusion Gruppen visade sig vara verkningsfull i syfte att reducera isolering, känna sigsedd och förstådd samt öka tillämpning av copingstrategier. Detta tyder på att processer inomgruppen kan bidra till gemenskap och underlätta en tillvaro som är utmanande. Gruppen somverktyg genererade i ökat välmående i livssituationen för personer med fibromyalgi.

  • 2321. Yang, Mingshi
    et al.
    Velaga, Sitaram
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Hovgaard, Lars
    Weert, Marco van de
    Frøkjær, Sven
    Characterization of salmon calcitonin in spray drying powder for inhalation2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2322.
    Yang, Mingshi
    et al.
    Danish University of Pharmaceutical, Department of Pharmaceutics and Analytical Chemistry.
    Velaga, Sitaram
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Yamamoto, Hiromitsu
    Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Japan, Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Engineering.
    Takeuchi, Hirofumi
    Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Japan, Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Engineering.
    Kawashima, Yoshiaka
    Aichi Gakuin University, Japan, School of Pharmacy.
    Hovgaard, Lars
    Danish University of Pharmaceutical, Department of Pharmaceutics and Analytical Chemistry.
    Weert, Marco van de
    Danish University of Pharmaceutical, Department of Pharmaceutics and Analytical Chemistry.
    Frokjaer, Sven
    Danish University of Pharmaceutical, Department of Pharmaceutics and Analytical Chemistry.
    Characterisation of salmon calcitonin in spray-dried powder for inhalation: effect of chitosan2007Inngår i: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, ISSN 0378-5173, E-ISSN 1873-3476, Vol. 331, nr 2, s. 176-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Salmon calcitonin (sCT) powders suitable for inhalation, containing chitosan and mannitol as absorption enhancer and protection agent, respectively, were prepared using a spray-drying process. The effect of chitosan on physicochemical stability of sCT in the dry powder was investigated by different analytical techniques. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis indicated that sCT was chemically stable upon spray-drying. With the proportion of chitosan in spray-drying formulation being increased, dissolution of sCT from the dry powders was decreased both in phosphate buffer and acetate buffer. The thioflavine T fluorescence assay showed that no fibrils were present in the spray-dried powder. However, sCT partly fibrillated in the phosphate buffer, but not in acetate buffer. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra showed that the secondary structure of sCT was slightly changed in the dry powder, yet no aggregate signal was observed. Circular dichroism analysis indicated that the structure of sCT in an aqueous formulation was slightly altered by addition of chitosan. Nevertheless, recovery of sCT was not influenced by chitosan in the aqueous formulation as indicated by HPLC analysis. This study suggested that sCT, in absence of any additives, was stable during the spray-drying process under certain conditions. Addition of chitosan affects recovery of sCT from spray-dried powders, which may be due to formation of a partially irreversible complex between the protein and chitosan during the spray-drying process.

  • 2323.
    Yousef, Caroline
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap. Caroline Yousef.
    Kölhi, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hur personer med Hiv upplever bemötandet med hälso-och sjukvårdspersonalen: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Hiv innebär stora förändringar i livet, personer som lever med hiv lever ofta med en ständig rädsla, lidande, osäkerhet och ångest. Lidandet kan vara kopplat till ohälsa, biverkning av behandling men kan även vara orsakad av vården genom kränkande bemötande, utebliven vård eller vård skada.Syftet med denna studie var att beskrivahur personer med hiv upplever bemötandet med hälso-och sjukvårdspersonalen. Genom att analysera tio vetenskapliga studier enligt en kvalitativ manifest innehållsanalys fann vi svar på vårt syfte.I resultatets tre kategorier framkom det att personer med hiv upplevde en ständig diskriminering vid bemötandet med hälso-och sjukvårdspersonal, att personerna fick möta vårdpersonalens rädsla för smitta och fördömande samt en upplevelse av att bli sedd, bekräftad vid mötet samt att man var tvungen att skaffa sig egenmakt vid mötet med hälso-och sjukvårdspersonal. Att belysa, utbilda hälso-och sjukvårdspersonal samt att öka medvetenheten om vårdpersonalens egna attityder möjliggör kan skapa ettbättre och mer personcentrerat omvårdnadför personer som lever med hiv.

  • 2324.
    Youssef, Sara
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Anestesisjuksköterskors erfarenheter av följsamhet till basala hygienrutiner: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Anestesiverksamhet betraktas enligt Socialstyrelsen som en högriskspecialitet med avseende på patientsäkerhet. Varje år skapar vårdrelaterade infektioner onödigt lidande för patienter, förlänger vårdtider och kostar samhället enorma summor. Med en god och säker vård med hög kvalitet kan anestesisjuksköterskor förbättra säkerhetsarbetet för patienten. Syfte: Att beskriva anestesisjuksköterskors erfarenheter av faktorer som påverkar följsamheten till basala hygienrutiner i samband med anestesiinduktion. Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ ansats. Åtta anestesisjuksköterskor från tre olika sjukhus i Sverige medverkade i studien. Data samlades in med kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer och intervjuerna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i fem huvudfaktorer: Stress och tidsbrist vid akuta situationer, operationssalens fysiska miljö, dåliga vanor, bristande feedback och patientens psykiska tillstånd. Slutsats: Det som framkom i studien var att hygienen brister av anledningar som går att förhindra och förbättra. För att motverka bristande hygienrutiner måste alla inom anestesiverksamheten arbeta tillsammans med hjälp av god kommunikation samt mot ett gemensamt mål. Anestesiverksamheten borde se dessa faktorer som en utav de mest primära och ha mer öppna dialoger tillsammans med medarbetarna för att identifiera liknande problem.

  • 2325.
    Yu, Ji-Guo
    et al.
    Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine Unit and School of Sport Sciences, Umeå University.
    Bonnerud, Patrik
    Eriksson, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Stål, Per S.
    Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Section for Anatomy, Umeå University.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Malm, Christer
    Umeå University, Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Winternet.
    Effects of Long Term Supplementation of Anabolic Androgen Steroids on Human Skeletal Muscle2014Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, nr 9, artikkel-id e105330Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of long-term (over several years) anabolic androgen steroids (AAS) administration on human skeletal muscle are still unclear. In this study, seventeen strength training athletes were recruited and individually interviewed regarding self-administration of banned substances. Ten subjects admitted having taken AAS or AAS derivatives for the past 5 to 15 years (Doped) and the dosage and type of banned substances were recorded. The remaining seven subjects testified to having never used any banned substances (Clean). For all subjects, maximal muscle strength and body composition were tested, and biopsies from the vastus lateralis muscle were obtained. Using histochemistry and immunohistochemistry (IHC), muscle biopsies were evaluated for morphology including fiber type composition, fiber size, capillary variables and myonuclei. Compared with the Clean athletes, the Doped athletes had significantly higher lean leg mass, capillary per fibre and myonuclei per fiber. In contrast, the Doped athletes had significantly lower absolute value in maximal squat force and relative values in maximal squat force (relative to lean body mass, to lean leg mass and to muscle fiber area). Using multivariate statistics, an orthogonal projection of latent structure discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model was established, in which the maximal squat force relative to muscle mass and the maximal squat force relative to fiber area, together with capillary density and nuclei density were the most important variables for separating Doped from the Clean athletes (regression = 0.93 and prediction = 0.92, p<0.0001). In Doped athletes, AAS dose-dependent increases were observed in lean body mass, muscle fiber area, capillary density and myonuclei density. In conclusion, long term AAS supplementation led to increases in lean leg mass, muscle fiber size and a parallel improvement in muscle strength, and all were dose-dependent. Administration of AAS may induce sustained morphological changes in human skeletal muscle, leading to physical performance enhancement.

  • 2326.
    Zotterman, Anna Nygren
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Skär, Lisa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Health, Karlskrona.
    Olsson, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Department of Nursing and Health Sciences.
    Being in Togetherness: Meanings of encounters within primary healthcare setting for patients living with long-term illness2016Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 25, nr 19-20, s. 2854-2862Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectivesThe aim of this study was to elucidate meanings of encounters for patients with long-term illness within the primary healthcare setting.BackgroundGood encounters can be crucial for patients in terms of how they view their quality of care. Therefore, it is important to understand meanings of interactions between patients and healthcare personnel.DesignA phenomenological hermeneutic method was used to analyse the interviews.MethodsNarrative interviews with ten patients with long-term illness were performed, with a focus on their encounters with healthcare personnel within the primary healthcare setting. A phenomenological hermeneutical approach was used to interpret the interview texts.ResultsThe results demonstrated that patients felt well when they were seen as an important person and felt welcomed by healthcare personnel. Information and follow-ups regarding the need for care were essential. Continuity with the healthcare personnel was one way to establish a relationship, which contributed to patients' feelings of being seen and understood. Good encounters were important for patients' feelings of health and well-being. Being met with mistrust, ignorance and nonchalance had negative effects on patients' perceived health and well-being and led to feelings of lower confidence regarding the care received.ConclusionsPatients described a great need to be confirmed and met with respect by healthcare personnel, which contributed to their sense of togetherness. Having a sense of togetherness strengthened patient well-being.Relevance to clinical practiceBy listening and responding to patients' needs and engaging in meetings with patients in a respectful manner, healthcare personnel can empower patients' feelings of health and well-being. Healthcare personnel need to be aware of the significance of these actions because they can make patients experience feelings of togetherness, even if patients meet with different care personnel at each visit.

  • 2327.
    Zotterman, Anna Nygren
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Skär, Lisa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Olsson, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    District nurses' views on quality of primary healthcare encounters2015Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 418-425Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Good encounters are fundamental for good and professional nursing care, and can be described as treating patients with respect and protecting their integrity and autonomy. This study describes district nurses' views on quality of healthcare encounters in primary healthcare. A purposive sample of 27 district nurses participated in five focus group interviews. The focus groups interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. The interview texts were analysed using a thematic content analysis. The analysis resulted in four themes, including being aware of the importance and difficulties during encounters, being the patient's advocate, being attentive to the unique person and being informed when a meeting turned out poorly. The results show that district nurses believed that encounters formed the basis of their work and it was vital for them to be aware of any difficulties. District nurses found that acting in a professional manner during encounters is the most significant factor, but this type of interaction was sometimes difficult because of stress and lack of time. The district nurses considered themselves to be the patients' advocate in the healthcare system; in addition, the acts of seeing, listening, believing and treating the patient seriously were important for providing good quality care. If a poor encounter occurred between the district nurse and the patient, the district nurses found that it was necessary to arrange a meeting to properly communicate what problems arose during the interaction. The district nurses highlighted that providing an apology and explanation could improve future encounters and establish a better nurse–patient relationship. In conclusion, this study shows the importance of confirming and respecting patients' dignity as the fundamental basis for a good quality encounter in primary healthcare

  • 2328.
    Zotterman, Anna Nygren
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Skär, Lisa
    Department of Health, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Department of Nursing Sciences, Mid Sweden University,Östersund.
    Meanings of encounters for close relatives of people with a long-term illness within a primary healthcare setting2018Inngår i: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 392-397Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Encounters play an important role in the relationship between healthcare personnel and the close relatives of people with a long-term illness.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to elucidate the meanings of encounters for close relatives of people with a long-term illness within a primary healthcare setting.

    Methods

    Interviews using a narrative approach were conducted with seven women and three men, and the phenomenological hermeneutic method was used to interpret the interview texts.

    Results

    The structural analysis revealed three major themes: being confirmed as a family, being informed of the care, and being respected as a valuable person. Close relatives stated that they wanted to be confirmed as a family and have a familiar and trusting relationship with healthcare personnel. They valued being informed concerning the care of the ill person so that they could give support at home. It was also important to be compassionately viewed as an important person in a welcoming atmosphere based on respect and dignity.

  • 2329.
    Zühlke, Per
    et al.
    Winternet.
    Lysholm, Jack
    Winternet.
    Stene, Fredrik
    Sundbybergs Rehab och Fysioterapi.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Postural stability after concussion in ice hockey players2008Inngår i: Svensk idrottsmedicinsk förenings vårmöte: Stockholm 2008, Svensk idrottsmedicinsk förening , 2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2330.
    Ärlebrand, Caroline
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Barkman, Iza
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av sexuell hälsa efter mastektomi2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Mastektomi är ett kirurgiskt ingrepp som genomförs vid behandling av bröstcancer där delar eller hela bröstet opereras bort i syfte av att avlägsna cancerförändringar. Den förändrade kroppen i samband med detta är en stor och ibland traumatiserande händelse i många kvinnors liv. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelse av hur den sexuella hälsan påverkas efter genomgången mastektomi, för att skapa en förståelse för hur deras behov bättre kan tillgodoses. Litteraturstudien är baserad på 12 artiklar vilka har analyserats med kvalitativ innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats enligt Graneheim och Lundman (2004). Genom analysen kunde fem huvudkategorier identifieras. Att inte känna igen sin kropp, att förlora sin kvinnliga identitet, att få en ny förståelse av närhet och intimitet, att känna sig bemött på ett annorlunda sätt och att sakna förståelse och försöka bevara sin integritet i samtal med andra. Resultatet av litteraturstudien visade att kvinnorna upplevde både kroppsliga och själsliga förändringar i sin sexualitet till följd av mastektomin. Vårdpersonalens agerande och bemötande mot dessa kvinnor hade en avgörande roll för hur kvinnorna kunde hantera förändringarna. Författarna föreslår användandet av PLISSIT eller EX-PLISSIT som är modell där ett frågeformulär utformats vilket kan fungera som ett stöd för vårdpersonal i mötet med patienterna där sexualitet diskuteras.

  • 2331.
    Åberg, Anna Christina
    et al.
    Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Förebygg fall och fallskador i samband med vård: nationell satsning för ökad patientsäkerhet2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2332.
    Åberg, Anna Christina
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences/Geriatrics, Uppsala University.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University.
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Implementation of evidence-based prevention of falls in rehabilitation units: A staff's interactive approach2009Inngår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 41, nr 13, s. 1034-1040Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To provide strategies to assist healthcare professionals in the area of rehabilitation to improve prevention of falls. Design: A conceptual framework is described as a foundation for the proposal of 2 intertwined strategies, of intervention and implementation, which target the questions: Which strategies for intervention represent the current best evidence? and: How can these strategies be implemented and continuously developed? Results: Strategies for multifactorial and multiprofessional fall preventive interventions are presented in terms of a "fall prevention pyramid model", including general, individualized, and acute interventions. A systematic global fall risk rating by the staff is recommended as an initial procedure. Fall event recording and follow-up are stressed as important components of local learning and safety improvement. Development of implementation strategies in 3 phases, focusing on interaction, facilitation and organizational culture, is described Conclusion: A well-developed patient safety culture focusing on prevention of falls will, when successfully achieved, be seen by staff, patients and their significant others as being characteristic of the organization, and will be evident in attitudes, routines and actions. Moreover, it provides potential for positive side-effects concerning organizational and clinical improvements in additional areas

  • 2333.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University.
    Halvorsen, Kjartan
    Department of Information Technologies, Division of Systems and Control, Uppsala University.
    From, Ingrid
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University.
    Oestreicher, Lars
    Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction, Uppsala University.
    Melander Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    A Study Protocol for Applying User Participation and Co-Learning: Lessons Learned from the eBalance-Project2017Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 14, nr 5, artikkel-id E512Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The eBalance project is based on the idea that serious exergames-i.e., computer gaming systems with an interface that requires physical exertion to play-that are well adapted to users, can become a substantial part of a solution to recognized problems of insufficient engagement in fall-prevention exercise and the high levels of fall-related injuries among older people. This project is carried out as a collaboration between eight older people who have an interest in balance training and met the inclusion criteria of independence in personal activities of daily living, access to and basic knowledge of a computer, four staff working with the rehabilitation of older adults, and an interdisciplinary group of six research coordinators covering the areas of geriatric care and rehabilitation, as well as information technology and computer science. This paper describes the study protocol of the project's initial phase which aims to develop a working partnership with potential users of fall-prevention exergames, including its conceptual underpinnings. The qualitative methodology was inspired by an ethnographical approach implying combining methods that allowed the design to evolve through the study based on the participants' reflections. A participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR) approach, accompanied by inquiries inspired by the Normalization Process Theory (NPT) was used in interactive workshops, including exergame testing, and between workshop activities. Data were collected through audio recordings, photos, and different types of written documentation. The findings provide a description of the methodology thus developed and applied. They display a methodology that can be useful for the design and development of care service and innovations for older persons where user participation is in focus.

  • 2334.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy, Uppsala University.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering. peter.michaelson@ltu.se .
    Grahn, Birgitta
    Department of Orthopedics, Clinical Sciences, Lund University.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Research and Development Center Spenshult, Halmstad.
    Axelson, S.
    Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services.
    Gyllenswärd, Harald
    Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Unit of Intervention & Implementation Research, Karolinska Institutet.
    A systematic review of randomized controlled trials studying the preventive effects of physical exercise, manual and behavioural treatments in acute low back pain and neck pain2016Inngår i: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 23, nr Suppl. 1, s. S187-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2335.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    et al.
    Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Grahn, Birgitta
    Kronoberg occupational rehabilitation service, Växjö, Lunds universitet, Institutionen för rörelseorganens sjukdomar, Kronoberg county council, R&D centre, R&D Welfare of Southern Småland, FoU Välfärd, Kronoberg County.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Gyllensvärd, Harald
    SBU.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Enheten för interventions och implementeringsforskning, Karolinska Institutet.
    Preventiva insatser vid akut smärta från rygg och nacke: Presentation av en SBU-rapport2016Inngår i: Fysioterapi, ISSN 1653-5804, nr 5, s. 34-42Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2336.
    Åström, Sanna
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Haglund, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Massage: En hälsofrämjande metod under arbetstid: En kvalitativ studie med öppna brev2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: I nuläget existerar det en stor del forskning kring hur massage påverkar människan rent fysiologiskt, exempelvis sänks stresshormonet kortisol och hjärtfrekvensen minskar. Till vår kunskap är det få som har fokuserat kring hur individer upplever massagebehandling, inte minst på arbetsplatser vilket denna studie har riktat in sig på. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att identifiera anställdas upplevelse av massage som hälsofrämjande metod under arbetstid. Metod: En kvalitativ metod med öppna brev användes där deltagarna först fick ta del av en 15 minuters avslappnande massage följt av en enskild reflektion kring deras upplevelse av massagen. I studien medverkade 27 deltagare som är anställda på en arbetsplats inom vård- och omsorg i norra delen av Sverige. Resultat: Resultatet visade att massagen gav de anställda flera viktiga fördelar som bidrog till en bättre prestation på arbetsplatsen. Dessa delar bildade 3 underteman: “Betydande element som följd av massage”, “Förmånlig insats som sker regelbundet” samt “Upplevd meningsfullhet och tacksamhet” som resulterade i ett huvudtema: “Välgörande massage skapar en helhet på arbetsplatsen”. Slutsats: Efter interventionen upplevde de sig vara mer återhämtade, ha mer energi till sitt fortsatta arbete samt att de önskade en regelbundenhet med massage som en förmån under arbetstid. Andra professioner som arbetar hälsofrämjande kan ta inspiration från denna studie till att förbättra hälsan hos anställda runt om i landet inom vård- och omsorgsyrket.

  • 2337.
    Öhlén, Joakim
    et al.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.
    Berg, Linda
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.
    Brämberg, Elisabeth Björk
    Engström, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    German-Millberg, Lena
    Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, Karlstad University.
    Höglund, Ingela
    Jacobsson, Catrine
    Lepp, Margret
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.
    Lindén, Eva
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.
    Lindström, Irma
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.
    Petzäll, Kerstin
    Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, Karlstad University.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Wijk, Helle
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.
    Students' learning as the focus for shared involvement between universities and clinical practice: a didactic model for postgraduate degree projects2012Inngår i: Advances in Health Sciences Education, ISSN 1382-4996, E-ISSN 1573-1677, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 471-487Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In an academic programme, completion of a postgraduate degree project couldbe a significant means of promoting student learning in evidence- and experience-basedpractice. In specialist nursing education, which through the European Bologna processwould be raised to the master’s level, there is no tradition of including a postgraduatedegree project. The aim was to develop a didactic model for specialist nursing students’postgraduate degree projects within the second cycle of higher education (master’s level)and with a specific focus on nurturing shared involvement between universities andhealthcare settings. This study embodies a participatory action research and theory-generatingdesign founded on empirically practical try-outs. The 3-year project included fiveSwedish universities and related healthcare settings. A series of activities was performedand a number of data sources secured. Constant comparative analysis was applied. Adidactic model is proposed for postgraduate degree projects in specialist nursing educationaimed at nurturing shared involvement between universities and healthcare settings. Thefocus of the model is student learning in order to prepare the students for participation asspecialist nurses in clinical knowledge development. The model is developed for the specialist nursing education, but it is general and could be applicable to various educationprogrammes.

  • 2338.
    Öhlén, Joakim
    et al.
    Palliative Research Centre, Ersta Sköndal University College and Ersta Hospital, Stockholm.
    Ekman, Inger
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.
    Bolmsjö, Ingrid
    Department of Care Science, Malmö University.
    Zingmark, Karin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Benzein, Eva
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnæus University, Kalmar.
    Conceptual development of "at-homeness" despite illness and disease: a review2014Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 9, artikkel-id 23677Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Only one empirical study, the one by Zingmark, Norberg and Sandman published in 1995, explicitly focuses on at-homeness, the feeling of being metaphorically at-home, as a particular aspect of wellness. However, other studies reveal aspects of at-homeness, but if or how such aspects of at-homeness are related to each other is unclear. For this reason, the aim was to review Scandinavian nursing research related to at-homeness in the context of wellness-illness in severe and long-term conditions in order to take a step towards conceptual clarification of "at-homeness." The review included interpretive studies related to severe and long-term illness conducted in Sweden: 10 original articles and 5 doctoral theses. "At-homeness" was found to be a contextually related meaning of wellness despite illness and disease embedded in the continuum of being metaphorically at-home and metaphorically homeless. This was characterized by three interrelated aspects and four processes: being safe through expanding-limiting experiences of illness and time, being connected through reunifying-detaching ways of relating, and being centred through recognition-non-recognition of oneself in the experience and others giving-withdrawing a place for oneself. This conceptualization is to be regarded as a step in conceptual clarification. Further empirical investigation and theoretical development of "at-homeness" are needed. The conceptualization will be a step of plausible significance for the evaluation of interventions aimed at enhancing wellness for people with severe long-term illness, such as the frail elderly, and people with chronic illness or palliative care needs.

  • 2339.
    Öhman, Marja
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Dagligt liv med allvarlig, kronisk sjukdom2009Inngår i: Att leva med sjukdom, Stockholm: Norstedts akademiska förlag , 2009, s. 103-113Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2340.
    Öhman, Marja
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Dagligt liv med allvarlig, kronisk sjukdom2014Inngår i: Att leva med sjukdom, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2, s. 107-115Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2341.
    Öhman, Marja
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Distriktssköterskans perspektiv2009Inngår i: Att leva med sjukdom, Stockholm: Norstedts akademiska förlag , 2009, s. 147-154Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2342.
    Öhman, Marja
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Living with serious chronic illness from the perspective of people with serious chronic illness, close relatives and district nurses2003Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this licentiate thesis is to elucidate the meaning of experiences of serious chronic illness as narrated by people with such illness (n=10), close relatives (n=14) and district nurses (DN) (n=10), that is from an insider viewpoint. Data was collected through narrative interviews that were analysed using a phenomenological hermeneutic interpretation. People living with serious chronic illness live a life hovering between suffering and enduring but which also includes a cautious process of reformulation of the self. Suffering emerges, first and foremost, from pain, fatigue, loss of strength and independence. Central to the illness experience is a feeling of loneliness and existing in a state of tension between hope and despair about survival. The experience of being involved in a struggle for normalcy by integrating changes and by learning to live a new kind of daily life at home is also salient in the narratives. Close relatives living with people with serious chronic illness live a life with reduced personal freedom and an increased sense of responsibility for the care of the ill person. The relatives struggle with the ethical demand that they gain the strength to manage this responsibility, which requires their total involvement in living with the ill person's pain, fear, anxiety and suffering. Feelings of loneliness arise relating to the silence of the home; the illness influences their capacity to converse about mutual memories and everyday happenings. The death of the ill person creates immediately a huge emptiness and a lack of mission and meaning in life. For DNs serious chronic illness means encounters with the people concerned in a close relationship. They share both the experiences of the ill person and their close relativesas well as their understanding of the illness. This wakes DNs available to alleviate and console them by being entirely present and by staying with them in in communion in difficult situations. The comprehensive understanding of this study concerns togetherness, throug sharing an inter-subjective world and being in communion.

  • 2343.
    Öhman, Marja
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Närstående till personer med allvarlig, kronisk sjukdom2014Inngår i: Att leva med sjukdom, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2, s. 131-135Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2344.
    Öhman, Marja
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Närstående till personer med allvarlig, kronisk sjukdom2009Inngår i: Att leva med sjukdom, Stockholm: Norstedts akademiska förlag , 2009, s. 132-136Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2345. Öhman, Marja
    et al.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Omvårdnad.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Hovering between suffering and enduring: the meaning of living with serious chronic illness2003Inngår i: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 528-42Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Illness is part of life and hence always has a place in a life history. All that went on before the time of the illness, how life was in the past and what hopes and dreams were interrupted and changed, all influence the experiences of illness. The authors interviewed 5 women and 5 men with different kinds of serious chronic illnesses and used phenomenological hermeneutic method to interpret the transcribed interviews. They present the findings in three major themes: experiencing the body as a hindrance, being alone in illness, and struggling for normalcy. Participants seemed to hover between an escape from the emotional suffering pain of illness and the emotionless state of enduring. The comprehensive understanding illuminated that living with a serious chronic illness means living a life that is hovering between enduring and suffering but also including the process of reformulation of the self.

  • 2346. Öhman, Marja
    et al.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    District nursing - sharing an understanding by being present: Experiences of encounters with people with serious chronic illness and their close relatives in their homes2004Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 13, nr 7, s. 858-66Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In the homecare setting, district nurses assume a heavy responsibility and are involved in a variety of care activities. They view themselves as having a central role in care at home that centres on the development of a relationship with those who are ill and their families. AIM: The aim of this study was to elucidate the meaning of district nurses experiences of encounters with people with serious chronic illness and their close relatives in their homes. A purposive sample of 10 district nurses (female) was interviewed using a narrative approach. METHOD: To achieve the aim, a phenomenological hermeneutic interpretation inspired by the philosophy of Ricoeur was used to interpret the interview text. RESULTS: This study proposes that district nurses' experiences of encounters with people with serious chronic illness and their close relatives in their homes can be understood as district nurses being welcomed into the ill people's privacy, to share their intimacy and their understanding of being ill. This close relationship enables them to alleviate and to console the suffering and loneliness caused by illness. This is expressed in the three themes: being in a close relationship, sharing an understanding and weaving a web of protection. CONCLUSION: It seems that by being entirely present, in a close relationship, district nurses share the experiences of illness and through interpretation of the whole persons' expressions; they share an understanding of this illness experience. In this close relationship, at the home of the ill people and their close relatives, district nurses are available to alleviate people's suffering and loneliness caused by illness. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This study reveals the need to be entirely present in encounters between the district nurses and people with serious chronic illness and their close relatives. This relation makes it possible to establish a shared understanding of the illness experience. Being aware of the importance of this shared understanding within a relationship, will increase the health care personnel's possibility to alleviate and console those suffering of illness. This proposed interpretation could be useful for reflection of care interventions, in education and supervision of district nurses.

  • 2347. Öhman, Marja
    et al.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    The experiences of close relatives living with a person with serious chronic illness2004Inngår i: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 396-410Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Living with serious chronic illness has a directly threatening effect on the life course of healthy relatives. The aim of this study was to elucidate the meaning of close relatives' experiences of living with a person with serious, chronic illness. Using a narrative approach, the authors interviewed 13 spouses and 1 daughter about the meaning of their experiences. They used a phenomenological hermeneutic method to interpret the interview text. The structural analysis revealed three major themes: A Shrinking Life, Forced to Take Responsibility, and Struggling to Keep Going. Close relatives in this study seemed to be living lives characterized by a reduced sense of individual freedom and an increased sense of responsibility for the care of the ill person. It means struggling to obtain the strength to manage their duty and an inner sense of community and of solidarity. The authors interpret the findings in the light of the works of philosophers who have described ethical demands and natural love between people.

  • 2348. Öhman, Marja
    et al.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Department of Nursing.
    Att vara svårt sjuk och bo hemma2001Inngår i: Abstractsboken: Hälso- och sjukvårdsstämman 25-27 april 2001, Vårdförbundet SHSTF , 2001Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2349.
    Öhman, Veronica
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Larsälv, Emmelie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med Endometrios: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Endometrios är en ännu relativt outforskad sjukdom som drabbar kvinnor i fertil ålder. Denna sjukdom påverkar många delar av kvinnors liv och vardag då de lever med konsekvenserna som sjukdomen kan medföra. Ännu finns ingen konstaterad orsak till varför sjukdomen uppkommer, därav behövs detta område belysas mer. Syftet med denna studie var därför att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med endometrios. Systematiska litteratursökningar genomfördes i databaserna Pubmed och Cinahl. De valda vetenskapliga artiklarna analyserades med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys med manifest ansats. Analysen av de elva artiklarna resulterade i fyra kategorier; Att känna sig otillräcklig som kvinna, Att sjukdomen är en privat angelägenhet, Att känna sig begränsad och kontrollerad samt Att inte bli tagen på allvar och bemötas med okunskap. I denna studie visar resultatet genomgående att kvinnor hade ett behov av att bli tagna på allvar och bli bemötta på ett respektfullt sätt. Kvinnor beskrev att den ständiga kampen för att hantera sin sjukdom och komplikationer som den medförde påverkade hela deras livssituation och resulterade i en negativ påfrestning på den mentala hälsan. Att sjukvårdspersonal tar dessa kvinnor på allvar och lyssnar på deras oro kan leda till att kvinnor känner sig mer trygg i att våga söka hjälp för sina symtom och på så vis få adekvat behandling för sin sjukdom. En annan viktigt aspekt är att tillvarata kvinnors egna resurser vilket kan leda till utveckling av strategier som gör det lättare att hantera och leva med endometrios.

  • 2350.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Activity: Creating space for learning: Creating space for learning2000Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
4445464748 2301 - 2350 of 2391
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf