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  • 251.
    Al-Jumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Tretten, Phillip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Data quality assessment using multi-attribute: maintenance perspective2018Ingår i: International Journal of Information and Decision Sciences, ISSN 1756-7017, E-ISSN 1756-7025, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 147-161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper proposes a model for data quality (DQ) assessment in maintenance. Data has become an increasingly important since most of the maintenance planning and implementations are based on data analysis. Poor DQ reduces customer satisfaction, leading to poor decision making, and has negative impacts on strategy execution. To improve DQ as well as to evaluate the current status, DQ needs to be measured. A measure for DQ could be an important support for decision makers. Multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods can provide a framework for DQ assessment, however, they are not used in literature for DQ assessment. In order to assess DQ, the attributes or KPIs need to be defined, their hierarchy should be designed and the assessment model is proposed to evaluate these attributes. A case study is also presented in this paper. The study shows that MCDM methods could provide qualitative estimation for the quality of DQ attributes.

  • 252.
    Aljumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Tretten, Phillip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Metadata-Based Data Quality Assessment2016Ingår i: Vine: The Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, ISSN 0305-5728, E-ISSN 1474-1032, Vol. 46, nr 2, s. 232-250Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    High quality data and data quality assessment can support the decision-makingprocess. In the literature, discussions of the assessment process are mainly focused on theoretical approaches to content analysis or on user evaluations. Metadata is important source for quality information in any database system, however, it is not considered for data quality assessment. Metadata contains information that describes the data in a database, including the constraints and the database schema. High quality data can be produced by designing a database system with accurate metadata descriptions. Having accurate and detailed metadata will reduce the errors in data values which can lead to data quality issues. In this study, data quality assessment model is proposed based on both content and metadata analysis. The model is validated by developing an application tool to assess the quality of the data in a database based on the proposed model. The results show that metadata can provide important information about the quality of the database and its adoption can help togive faster, more accurate and user independent assessment of data quality.

  • 253.
    Al-Jumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Tretten, Phillip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Multi-Criteria Data Quality Assessment Maintenance perspective2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop and congress on eMaintenance: June 17-18 Luleå, Sweden : eMaintenance, Trends in technologies & methodologies, challenges, possibilites and applications / [ed] Uday Kumar; Ramin Karim; Aditya Parida; Philip Tretten, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014, s. 153-158Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Data quality (DQ) in maintenance has become an increasinglyimportant aspect to many firms as most of the maintenanceplanning and implementations are based on data analysis. PoorDQ has adverse effects at the operational, tactical, and strategiclevels of any organization. Respectively, poor DQ reducescustomer satisfaction, leading to poor decision making, and hasnegative impacts on strategy execution. To improve DQ as well asto evaluate the current status, DQ need to be measured followingthe fact that only what can be measured can be improved. Ameasure for DQ could be an important support for decisionmakers. In order to assess DQ, related attributes should bedefined. These attributes could be related to the data itself, to themetadata, or to the data representation schemes. After definingthese attributes, an assessment model should be used to evaluatethese attributes. The purpose of this paper is to propose a modelfor DQ assessment. Therefore, a study of DQ attributes and thepossible metrics that could be used to measure these attributes wasundertaken. The proposed model will be applied on datasetprovided by the Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket)for validation and to find an estimation measure of the DQ.

  • 254.
    Aljumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Tretten, Phillip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Quality of Streaming Data in Condition Monitoring Using ISO 80002016Ingår i: Current Trends in Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety: An Industry Perspective / [ed] Uday Kumar; Alireza Ahmadi; Ajit Kumar Verma; Prabhakar Varde, Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2016, s. 703-715Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to propose a Data Quality Measurement Model based on ISO 8000 standard. This paper deals about the concepts implied in the measurement process, not about the measures themselves. Poor quality information causes customer dissatisfaction, lost revenue and higher costs associated with additional time to reconcile information. An understanding of the characteristics of the data that determine its quality, and an ability to measure, manage and report on data quality is required. Measurement is a major activity in data quality management. In literature, there are many proposals contributing somehow to the measurement of data quality. However, these measurement methods lack the unification. ISO 8000 provides a framework for improving data quality that can be used independently or in conjunction with quality management systems. ISO 8000 defines characteristics that can be tested by any organization in the data supply chain to objectively determine conformance of the data to ISO 8000.

  • 255.
    Al-Jumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Wandt, Karina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Tretten, Phillip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    eMaintenance Ontologies for Data Quality Support2015Ingår i: Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, ISSN 1355-2511, E-ISSN 1758-7832, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 358-374Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the main ontologies related to eMaintenance solutions and to study their application area. The advantages of using these ontologies to improve and control data quality will be investigated.Design/methodology/approach – A literature study has been done to explore the eMaintenance ontologies in the different areas. These ontologies are mainly related to content structure and communication interface. Then, ontologies will be linked to each step of the data production process in maintenance.Findings – The findings suggest that eMaintenance ontologies can help to produce a high quality data in maintenance. The suggested maintenance data production process may help to control data quality. Using these ontologies in every step of the process may help to provide management tools to provide high quality data.Research limitations/implications – Based on this study, it can be concluded that further research could broaden the investigation to identify more eMaintenance ontologies. Moreover, studying these ontologies in more technical details may help to increase the understandability and the use of these standards. Practical implications – It has been concluded in this study that applying eMaintenance ontologies by companies needs additional cost and time. Also the lack or the ineffective use of eMaintenance tools in many enterprises is one of the limitations for using these ontologies.Originality/value – Investigating eMaintenance ontologies and connecting them to maintenance data production is important to control and manage the data quality in maintenance.Paper type Research Paper

  • 256.
    Al-Jumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Mahmood, Yasser Ahmed
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Assessment of railway frequency converter performance and data quality using the IEEE 762 Standard2014Ingår i: International Journal of Systems Assurance Engineering and Management, ISSN 0975-6809, E-ISSN 0976-4348, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 42694-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Reliability, availability and maintainability analysis is one of the most important tools for measuring system performance. The performance of a traction power supply system (TPSS) can be measured using the data collected from frequency converters, as these converters constitute the main part of the TPSS. The quality of the collected data should be good enough to provide the correct and complete information necessary for assessment of frequency converter performance. Many methods can be used to assess the performance of converters such as neural networks, fuzzy logic and standards. The IEEE 762 Standard offers a methodology that can provide key performance indicators for power generation units. This standard has been chosen for its widespread acceptance and applicability. To be able to evaluate a converter’s performance, IEEE 762 indexes should be calculated using data such as the downtime, reserve shutdown hours and service hours. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess the performance of the Swedish TPSS frequency converters using IEEE 762, and to assess the quality of data by inspecting their compatibility with this standard. In this study, an application has been developed to generate the missing information and to calculate the indexes provided by the standard, in order to evaluate the power converters’ performance. A case with sample data is also discussed in this paper.

  • 257.
    Al-Jumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Rauhala, Ville
    Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Science.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Jonsson, Katrin
    Department of Informatics, Umeå University.
    Parida, Aditya
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Aspects of data quality in eMaintenance: a case study of process industry in northern Europe2014Ingår i: Engineering Asset Management 2011: Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress on Engineering Asset Management / [ed] Jay Lee; Jun Ni; Jagnathan Sarangapani; Joseph Mathew, London: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2014, s. 41-51Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased environmental awareness in the industry combined with the globalized market economy makes increasing demands for sustainable and efficient resource utilization. In this context, maintenance plays a critical role by linking business objectives to the strategic and operational activities aimed at retaining the system’s availability performance, cost-efficiency and sustainability. Performing maintenance effectively and efficiently requires corresponding infrastructure for decision-support provided through eMaintenance solutions. A proper eMaintenance solution needs to provide services for data acquisition, data processing, data aggregation, data analysis, data visualization, context-sensing etc. To en Quality of Service (QoS) in eMaintenance solutions, the performance of both system-of-interest, enabling systems and related processes have to be measured and managed. However, the QoS has to be considered on all aggregation levels and encompass the aspects of Content Quality (CQ), Data Quality (DQ) and Information Quality (IQ). Hence, the purpose of this paper is to study and describe some aspects of DQ in eMaintenance related to process industry in northern Europe

  • 258.
    Aljumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Rauhala, Ville
    Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Science Technology.
    Tretten, Phillip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Data quality in eMaintenance: a call for research2011Ingår i: MPMM 2011: Maintenance Performance Measurement & Management: Conference Proceedings / [ed] Diego Galar; Aditya Parida; Håkan Schunnesson; Uday Kumar, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2011, s. 69-73Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Effective and efficient maintenance requires a proper information logistics, which can be delivered through eMaintenance solutions. Development of eMaintenance solutions faces extensive challenges. One of these challenges is how to ensure the quality of data used in different eMaintenance solutions. Data Quality (DQ) concerns all phases of the maintenance process. The purpose of this paper is to answer the research question: how should DQ be considered and managed when developing eMaintenance solutions. To deal with such challenges a case study was conducted at a mining company. Empirical data has been collected through interviews, observations, archival records and workshops. The data analysis has been based on an empirical framework that supports the identification of required information services. Conditions that support the DQ and the information logistics, along with that, support the maintenance process have been presented. These aspects have also been related to the phases of a generic maintenance process.

  • 259.
    Al-Jumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Tretten, Phillip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Kumar, Uday
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Study of aspects of data quality in e-maintenance2012Ingår i: International Journal of COMADEM, ISSN 1363-7681, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 3-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 260.
    Al-Jumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Wandt, Karina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    eMaintenance ontologies and data production2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop & Congress on eMaintenance: Dec 12-14 Luleå, Sweden : eMaintenace: trends in technologies and methodologies, challenges, possibilities and applications / [ed] Ramin Karim; Aditya Parida; Uday Kumar, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2012, s. 191-196Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 261.
    Al-Jumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Wandt, Karina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Karim, Ramin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser.
    eMaintenance Related Ontologies2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 262.
    Alkaradaghi, Karwan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi. Department of Geology, College of Science, Sulaimani University.
    Ali, Salahalddin S.
    Department of Geology, College of Science, Sulaimani University.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Laue, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Evaluation of Land Use & Land Cover Change Using Multi-Temporal Landsat Imagery: A Case Study Sulaimaniyah Governorate, Iraq2018Ingår i: Journal of Geographic Information System, ISSN 2151-1950, E-ISSN 2151-1969, Vol. 10, nr 6, s. 247-260Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Land use & land cover change detection in rapid growth urbanized area have been studied by many researchers and there are many works on this topic. Commonly, settlement sprawl in area depends on many factors such as economic prosperity and population growth. Iraq is one of the countries which witnessed rapid development in the settlement area. Remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) are analytical software technologies to evaluate this familiar worldwide phenomenon. This study illustrates settlement development in Sulaimaniyah Governorate from 2001 to 2017 using Landsat satellite imageries of different periods. All images had been classified using remote sensing software in order to proceed powerful mapping of land use classification. Maximum likelihood method is used in the accurately extracted solution information from geospatial imagery. Landsat images from the study area were categorized into four different classes. These are: forest, vegetation, soil, and settlement. Change detection analysis results illustrate that in the face of an explosive demographic shift in the settlement area where the record + 8.99 percent which is equivalent to 51.80 Km2 over a 16-year period and settlement area increasing from 3.87 percent in 2001 to 12.86 percent in 2017. Accuracy assessment model was used to evaluate (LULC) classified images. Accuracy results show an overall accuracy of 78.83% to 90.09% from 2001 to 2017 respectively while convincing results of Kappa coefficient given between substantial and almost perfect agreements. This study will help decision-makers in urban plan for future city development.

  • 263.
    Alkaradaghi, Karwan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi. Department of Geology, College of Science, Sulaimani University, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq. Kurdistan Institution for Strategic Studies and Scientific Research, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq.
    Ali, Salahalddin S.
    Department of Geology, College of Science, Sulaimani University, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq. Komar University of Science and Technology, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq.Komar Research Center, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Laue, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Chabuk, Ali
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Landfill Site Selection Using MCDM Methods and GIS in the Sulaimaniyah Governorate, Iraq2019Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 17, artikel-id 4530Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A shortage of land for waste disposal is one of the serious problems that faces urban areas in developing countries. The Sulaimaniyah Governorate, located in the north of Iraq, is one of the major cities in the Kurdistan Region of the country, covering an area of 2400 km2 with a population of 856,990 in 2016. Currently, there is no landfill site in the study area that meets scientific and environmental criteria, and inappropriate solid waste dumping is causing negative environmental impacts. The process of landfill site selection is considered a complex process and is restricted by numerous factors and regulations. This paper proposes multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods in a model for landfill site decision. The model assumes the input of two groups of factors that need to satisfy the optimal values of weight coefficients. These groups of constants are natural factors and artificial factors, and they included thirteen selected criteria: slope, geology, land use, urban area, villages, rivers, groundwater, slope, elevation, soil, geology, road, oil and gas, land use, archaeology and power lines. The criteria were used in the geographic information system (GIS), which has a high capacity to process and analyze various data. In addition, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods followed by the weighted linear combination (WLC) method were used to derive criteria weightings using a matrix of pair-wise comparison. Finally, all the multi criteria decision methods were combined to obtain an intersection of the suitability index map for candidate landfill sites. Seven appropriate sites for landfill were suggested, all of which satisfied the scientific and environmental criteria which were adopted in this study.

  • 264.
    Al-Khateeb, Mukdad
    et al.
    University of Technology, Baghdad.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Knutsson, Sven
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    A Spatial Sustainable Development Model Based on Partnership between Government, Community and Specialist in Baghdad2016Ingår i: Creative Education, ISSN 2151-4755, E-ISSN 2151-4771, Vol. 7, nr 14, s. 1881-1890Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Iraq is facing fatal challenges: internal, external and natural that are threatening the well-being of the Iraqi community at present and certainly jeopardizing the sustainable development at all levels of Sustainable Development (SD)-Capitals: natural, human and social, and manufactured/financial. This paper is intended to discuss on establishing a Sustainable Neighborhood in Baghdad, where it could serve as an experimental project to test the forms of expenditure that would guarantee the best eco-efficient transformation of expenditure to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The paper illustrates the challenges of SD and the factors that would exacerbate their effect unless dealing with through scientific-well managed procedures based on green growth policiesand sustainable development strategies.

  • 265.
    Al-Khateeb, Mukdad
    et al.
    University of Technology.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Knutsson, Sven
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Sustainable University Model for Higher Ed-ucation Iraq2014Ingår i: Creative Education, ISSN 2151-4755, E-ISSN 2151-4771, Vol. 5, nr 5, s. 318-328Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Education can become another burden on the development unless addresses the internal, external and natural challenges by Sustainable Universities that provide an educational, cultural and teaching model through a sustainable development strategy. This paper tends to illustrate the dif-ferent challenges of sustainable development in Iraq coupled with the full ignorance of the concept and principles of sustainability and suggests a model for a sustainable university. Although the suggested model is rather complicated, but it is crucial to encompass the different affects of human resources on the sustainable development capitals, at and beyond, the university campus.

  • 266.
    Allahkarami, Zeynab
    et al.
    Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mining Engineering, University of Tarbiat.
    Sayadi, Ahmad Reza
    Tarbiat Modares University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mining Engineering, University of Tarbiat.
    Lanke, Amol
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Reliability Analysis of Motor System of Dump Truck for Maintenance Management2016Ingår i: Current Trends in Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety: An Industry Perspective / [ed] Uday Kumar; Alireza Ahmadi; Ajit Kumar Verma; Prabhakar Varde, Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2016, s. 681-688Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dump truck is one of the main machinery in open pit mines. From an economic point of view, more than 50–60 % of production costs in open pit mines are allocated to hauling and loading costs, so it is important to keep equipment in good condition. Reliability is a useful tool for evaluating the performance of this machine. In this research, the reliability of motor subsystem of a dump truck in Miduk Copper Mine in Iran has been analyzed. The failure data were collected during 20 months of dump truck operation. Trend and serial correlation tests were used to validate the assumption of independent and identically distribution (IID). According to tests, the data are independent and identically distributed therefore the renewal process technique is used for modelling. For finding the best-fit distribution, different types of statistical distributions were tested using the Easyfit software. The analysis results indicated the time between failures (TBF) data obey the Weibull (3p) distribution. The developed model based on these data showed that the reliability of the motor subsystem decreases to a zero value after approximately 430 h of operation. Regarding to the obtained reliability plot, preventive reliability-based maintenance time interval for 90 % reliability levels for machine in the motor subsystem is 21 h.

  • 267.
    Alm, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Effects of water on the mechanical propreties and micro-strucures of granitic rock at high pressures and high temperatures1982Ingår i: Issues in rock mechanics: proceedings Twenty-Third Symposium on Rock Mechanics ; the University of California, Berkeley, California, August 25 - 27, 1982 / [ed] Richard E. Goodman, New York: Society of Mining Engineers of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers , 1982, s. 261-269Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 268.
    Alm, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Experimental deformation of granitic rocks1981Ingår i: Vol. 103, nr 1, s. 134-136Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 269.
    Alm, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Experimental deformation of mylonitic rocks: results presented at the International Conference on the Effect of Deformation on Rocks, Göttingen, April 9-12, 19801980Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 270.
    Alm, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Fine-grained granitic rocks experimentally deformed at high temperatures and high pressures1977Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 271.
    Alm, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Influence of water on the strength and deformation properties of a granitic aplite at high pressures and temperatures1979Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 272.
    Alm, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Mechanical testing of powders and powder compacts1983Ingår i: Scandinavian journal of metallurgy, ISSN 0371-0459, E-ISSN 1600-0692, Vol. 12, nr 6, s. 302-311Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Results from standard triaxial, uniaxial and bending tests are presented. Triaxial tests were performed at pressures in the range 0-200 MPa. Both initial loose powder samples and cylindrical precompacted specimens were studied under hydrostatic conditions. Most of the total volume compaction occurred at pressures below 10 MPa. Triaxial tests with superimposed axial loads showed no softening despite a 30% shortening of the length of specimens which initially were 60 mm long. Specimens deformed in triaxial tests showed a higher density and a higher uniaxial compressive strength than specimens compacted under hydrostatic conditions

  • 273.
    Alm, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    The effect of water on the mechanical properties and microstructures of granitic rocks at high pressures and high temperatures1982Ingår i: Issues in rock mechanics: twenty-third Symposium on Rock Mechanics, the University of California, Berkeley, California, August 25-27, 1982 / [ed] Richard E. Goodman; Francois E Heuze, Society of Mining Engineers of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers , 1982, s. 261-269Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 274.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Alm, B.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Stephansson, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Experimental deformation of rocks from the Kiruna District, northern Sweden1988Ingår i: Proceedings of the seventh quadrennial IAGOD symposium: held in Luleå, Sweden, August 18-22, 1986 / [ed] Ebbe Zachrisson, Taylor and Francis Group , 1988, s. 75-82Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 275.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Bäckström, Gunnar
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Thermal conductivity of NaF at high pressures1979Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 276.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Forslund, Josef
    Ljunggren, Christer
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Mattila, Ulf
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Mortensen, Tove-Heide
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Stephansson, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Bergmekaniska standardtester: en beskrivning av tester från Avdelningen för bergmekanik, Tekniska högskolan i Luleå1985Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 277.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Jaktlund, Lise-Lotte
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Shaoquan, Kuo
    Academia Sinica.
    The influence of microcrack density on the elastic and fracture mechanical properties of Stripa granite1985Ingår i: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, ISSN 0031-9201, E-ISSN 1872-7395, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 161-179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Presents results from a great number of mechanical tests on Stripa granite containing various amounts of microcracks. Variations in the microcrack density were obtained by shock-heating the rock at different temperatures in the range 100-600°C for 3 h. The results presented are obtained from sound velocity measurements, uniaxial compression tests, Brazilian tests and three-point bending tests. The density of microcracks in the heated rock is studied by means of optical microscopy, SEM and differential strain analysis

  • 278.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Norin, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Experimentella bestämningar av mekaniska egenskaper för hårdmetallpulver: slutrapport över pilotstudie1982Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 279.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
    Attempt to make accurate measurements of deformations of compressible soilds at high pressure and different states of stress1982Ingår i: High pressure in research and industry: 8th AIRAPT Conference, 19th EHPRG Conference, 17 - 22 August 1981, Institte of Physical Chemistry, University of Uppsala, Sweden ; proceedings / [ed] C.-M. Backman, Uppsala: Fysikalisk-kemiska inst., Univ , 1982, s. 619-622Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 280.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Röshoff, Kennert
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Andersson, Göran
    Identification of thermally induced microcracks in rock materials1983Ingår i: Proceedings: Appendix / International Conference on Subsurface Heat Storage in Theory and Practice, Stockholm, June 6-8, 1983, Stockholm: Statens råd för byggnadsforskning , 1983, s. 338-342Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 281.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Röshoff, Kennert
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Stephansson, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Microstructures and mechanical characteristics of the Tannas augen gneiss, Swedish Caledonides1980Ingår i: Geologiska föreningens i Stockholm förhandlingar, ISSN 0016-786X, Vol. 102, nr 4, s. 319-334Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanical behaviour, microstructure and substructure of the classic Tannas augen gneiss of the Swedish Caledonides are presented. Progressive deformation of granodiorite to augen gneiss and mylonite is shown to take place in an isochemical environment with redistribution of megacrysts to surrounding matrix. Experimental deformation of natural rocks from the Tannas Augen Gneiss Nappe has been carried out in the temperature range of 20-600oC and under confining pressure of 100-700MPa. The highest strength found is for the fine-grained mylonite. The augen of the gneiss show brittle behaviour under all test conditions, and temperature has a limited effect on the ultimate strength of the matrix of the augen gneiss. Microstructures have been analysed by means of optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The progressive deformation is brought about by dislocation glide and dislocation creep. Subgrain formation, recrystallization and straining of new grains are observed at all stages of the progressive deformation of the matrix while the augen behavior is brittle

  • 282.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Stephansson, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Experimental deformation of Augen-gneisses1979Ingår i: Mechanisms of deformation and fracture: proceedings of the interdisciplinary conference held at the University of Luleå, Luleå, Sweden, September 20-22, 1978 / [ed] Kenneth E. Easterling, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1979, s. 173-186Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 283.
    Alm, Ove
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Stephansson, Ove
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Experimental Deformation of Augen-gneisses1978Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 284.
    Alma, Sandqvist
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriellt och hållbart byggande.
    Byggbranschen måste också plastbanta: En fallstudie om plaster i dagens byggande och dess hälso- och miljöpåverkan2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att bidra med ökad kunskap om hur plastanvändningen ser ut i dagens  byggande och vad den har för miljö- och hälsomässiga konsekvenser. Målet med studien är även att kunna visa på hur plastanvändningen kan förändras på ett hållbart sätt. Föratt kunna uppnå examensarbetets syfte och mål har tre stycken frågeställningar formulerats.

    • Hur mycket och vilken typ av plast förekommer i en nybyggd villa idag?
    • Vilka miljö- och hälsomässiga konsekvenser medför den plast som används i dagens byggande?
    • Vad finns det för alternativa material, produkter och metoder?

    För att svara på dessa frågor har en grundläggande litteraturstudie gjorts kompletterat men enkvantitativ fallstudie. Fallstudien utgår från en villa som är typisk för hur nybyggda villor byggsidag,  år  2018.  Objektet  som  valts  för  fallstudien  är  en  nyproducerad  enplansvilla  på  170kvadratmeter boyta. Plastprodukter har inventerats i stommaterial, installationer, emballageoch förpackningar.

    Resultatet  av  inventeringen  visar på att  3181 kg plastprodukter inventerats i villan vilket betyder att nästan 19 kilogram plast går åt för varje kvadratmeter boyta. Viktmässigt återfanns85 procent av plasten i stommaterial, 11 procent i installationer och 4 procent till emballageoch förpackningar. Sammanställningen visar även att en övervägande del av plasten utgörs avpolystyren (PS). Därefter är polyvinylklorid (PVC), polyeten (PE) och polypropen (PP) de mestf örekommande plasterna.

    Plasterna har även bedömts ur ett miljö- och hälsoperspektiv. Bedömningen utgår ifrån trekategorier; toxicitet, klimatpåverkan och avfall. Resultatet av miljö- och hälsobedömningenvisar att polyeten (PE) och polypropen (PP) är de mest skonsamma plasterna för miljö ochhälsa,  bortsett  från  biobaserade  plaster.  Den  farligaste  plasten  är  enligt  denna  studiepolyuretan (PUR) tätt följt av polyvinylklorid (PVC), polykarbonat (PC) och polystyren (PS).

    Miljö- och hälsobedömningen av olika plasttyper visar på att det är viktigt att plast inte ses somett material utan en grupp av många olika material med olika egenskaper som är mer ellermindre  problematiska  för  hälsa  och  miljö.  Analysen  visar  även  att  flera  plastprodukter  i byggnadens stomme kan ersättas med alternativa material och på så sätt reducera inte baramängden plast utan även de miljö- och hälsokonsekvenser som plasten medför.

    För installationsplast är det bästa alternativet i dagsläget att byta PVC-plast till bättre plast såsom PE och PP. Detta för att minska påverkan på miljö och hälsa både vid tillverkning ochåtervinning. För emballage- och förpackningsplast gäller det främst att minska engångsanvändningen och öka återanvändningen av förpackningsplasten.

    För vidare studier kan det undersökas med vilka medel kan man hjälpa beslutsfattare inombyggbranschen att välja mer hållbara material, och studera hur stor påverkan den ekonomiskaaspekten har när material ska väljas. Ett annat förslag är att titta på hur plastanvändningenskiljer sig åt för olika typer av byggnader; flerbostadshus, offentliga byggnader, fritidshus.

  • 285.
    Al-Madhlom, Qais
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Hussain, Hussain M.
    Department of Geology, College of Science, Kufa University.
    Assessment of Groundwater Vulnerability in Northern Babylon Governorate, Iraq2016Ingår i: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 8, nr 12, s. 883-902Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Groundwater is one of the main resources from the earth, especially for arid or semiarid

    countries. For this reason, it is very important to keep it unpolluted. Drastic

    Model is one of the widely used models to detect groundwater vulnerability to the

    contaminants that are found on ground surface. In this model, it is assumed that the

    vulnerability of the groundwater is affected by seven hydrological parameters. They

    are: depth from the surface ground to groundwater, net recharge into the aquifer

    from the surface, aquifer media, soil media, area topography, impact of vadose zone

    and aquifer hydraulic conductivity. In this study, the DRASTIC model was applied

    on the northern part of Babylon governorate in Iraq, to predict the vulnerability of

    Groundwater in that area. The results indicate that the vulnerability is very low to

    low grade.

  • 286.
    Al-Madhlom, Qais
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi. University of Babylon, Coolege of Engineering.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Hussain, Hussain M.
    Department of Geology, College of Science, Kufa University.
    Lindblom, Jenny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Abdullah, Twana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Abid Hamza, Basher
    University of Babylon, Coolege of Engineering.
    Knutsson, Sven
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Seepage Velocity of Dibdibba Formation in Karbala, Iraq2017Ingår i: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 279-290Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Iraq highly depends on its surface water resources. Now it is facing water shortage problems. For these reasons, the utilization of groundwater will be increasing with time. Karbala Governorate is located in the central part of Iraq. It covers an area of 5034 km2 and the population exceeds one million. It is characterized by an arid or semiarid environment. Karbala Governorate lack surface water resource and consequently, groundwater is the only available resource. The main groundwater aquifer within the area is Dibdibba formation. It is composed of poorly sorted sand and sand stone with gravel. In this research hydrological and hydrogeological information were used to find out the magnitude and the direction of groundwater seepage velocity. The results indicate that groundwater flow toward the flood plain to the east of the study region. The seepage velocity ranges from 0 to 0.18 m/d, with a general increase when moving from the west to the east.

  • 287.
    Al-Madhlom, Qais
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi. College of Engineering/Al-Musaib, University of Babylon, Hillah, Iraq.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Laue, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Nordell, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Hussain, Hussain Musa
    Remote Sensing Center, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq.
    Site Selection of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Systems in Shallow Groundwater Conditions2019Ingår i: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 11, nr 7, artikel-id 1393Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Underground thermal energy storage (UTES) systems are widely used around the world, due to their relations to heating ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) applications [1]. To achieve the required objectives of these systems, the best design of these systems should be accessed first. The process of determining the best design for any UTES system has two stages, the type selection stage and the site selection stage. In the type selection stage, the best sort of UTES system is determined. There are six kinds of UTES systems, they are: boreholes, aquifer, bit, tank, tubes in clay, and cavern [2–5]. The selection of a particular type depends on three groups of parameters. They are: Site specific, design, and operation parameters (Figure 1). Apart from site specific parameters, the other two types can be changed through the life time of the system. The site specific parameters, e.g., geological, hydrogeological, and metrological, cannot be changed during the service period of the  ystem. Therefore, the design of the best type should depend, at first consideration, on site specific parameters.

  • 288.
    Al-Madhlom, Qais
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi. University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq.
    Hamza, B.
    University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Laue, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Nordell, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Hussain, Hussain M.
    Kufa University, Kufa, Iraq.
    Site Selection Criteria of UTES Systems in Hot Climate2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the XVII ECSMGE-2019: Geotechnical Engineering foundation of the future, Iceland: The Icelandic Geotechnical Society (IGS) , 2019, Vol. 1, s. 1-8Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Underground Thermal Energy Storage UTES systems are widely used around the world. The reason is that UTES is essential in utilizing Renewable Energy sources (RE). The efficiency of the energy system relies strongly on the efficiency of the storage system. Therefore, in the installation of a hyper-energy system, a lot of attention is to be paid in improving the storage system. In order to design an efficient storage system, firstly, standard criteria are to be investigated. These explain the process of making high efficiency storage system that must be specified. The criteria, mainly, depends on: best type and best location. These two variables are in high interference with each other. The bond between the two variables is represented by the geological, hydrological, meteorological, soil, hydrogeological properties/factors of the site. These factors are specified by geo-energy mapping. Despite the importance of this type of mapping, there is no specific criteria/formula that defines the choice. This paper aims to: give a brief literature review for UTES systems (types, classification, advantages/disadvantages for each type, and examples of an installed system). In addition, some factors within geo-energy mapping are highlighted and standard criteria to achieve good storage system are suggested. The suggested criterion comprises a process to transfer the quantity values to quality values according to the expert opinion. The suggested criteria are defined through the following stages: selecting the best type of UTES systems according to hydro-geological in site conditions; using the analytical hierarchy process to rank the best location to install the storage system and then using ArcMap (GIS-Software) to provide representative results as maps. Karbala Province (Iraq) is the study area used here

  • 289.
    Al-Madhlom, Qais
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Nordell, Bo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.
    Chabuk, Ali
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi. University of Babylon, Babylon, Hilla, Iraq.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Lindblom, Jenny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Laue, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Hussain, Hussain M.
    University of Kufa, Kufa, Najaf, Iraq.
    Potential use of UTES in Babylon Governorate, Iraq2020Ingår i: Groundwater for Sustainable Development, ISSN 2352-801X, Vol. 10, artikel-id 100283Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a global attention that the future energy systems will be based on renewable energy like solar and wind. The large-scale utilization of renewables in space heating and cooling requires large Thermal Energy Storage TES to overcome the varying supply and demand. The process of producing the best Underground Thermal Energy Storage UTES system pass through two steps: first, finding the best type of UTES system, second, finding the best locations to install UTES system. Both of these two steps depend extremely on the site specific parameters such that the depth to the groundwater, transmissivity, type of soil, the depth to the bedrock, and seepage velocity. The purpose of this paper is to explain some of the site specific parameters that the type of UTES-system depends on and explain the suitable type of UTES systems. This study considers Babylon province (Iraq) as study area. This province has electricity deficiency due to Heating Ventilating and Air Conditioning HVAC applications. The methodology of this study includes reviewing the literature that consider the study area, and using Arc Map/GIS to visualize some of the in-site parameters. The results indicate that the best type of UTES system for the considered region is either aquifer or pit type, due to the type of the soil and the depth to the crystalline bedrock. The hydraulic conductivity and the seepage velocity in the considered region are (0.0023–2.5) m/d and (1.3 × 10−6 – 3.45 × 10−3) m/d respectively. These conditions satisfy the standards which regard aquifer type.

  • 290.
    Al-Maliki, Laheab A. Jasem
    et al.
    Department of Hydraulic Engineering Structu res, Faculty of Water Resources Engine ering, Green University of Al Qasim, Baghdad.
    Al-Mamoori, Suhaib Kareem
    Department of Environmental Planning, Faculty of Physical Planning, University of Kufa, Najaf.
    El-Tawel, Khaled
    Lebanese University, Faculty of Engineering, Beirut.
    Hussain, Hussain M.
    Remote Sensing Center, University of Kufa, Najaf.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Al Ali, Mohammed Jawad
    Department of Environmental Planning, Faculty of Physical Planning, University of Kufa, Najaf.
    Bearing Capacity Map for An-Najaf and Kufa Cities Using GIS2018Ingår i: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 10, nr 5, s. 262-269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An-Najaf province is situated in south-western part of Iraq. It is 70 meters above the sea level in the dry desert environment. The city is considered as one of the most important cities in Iraq, facing a fast population growth and continuous development in constructions such as residential complexes, hotels, bridges and shopping malls. Soil investigation data for An-Najaf Province (An-Najaf and Kufa cities) from 464 boreholes drilled by the National Centre for Construction Laboratories & Researches (NCCLR)/Babylon laboratory were used in this research. The data were analysed and possessed using Excel program then represented on the Geographical Information System (GIS) program by Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) tool to create an allowable bearing capacity map for the soil at depths 0 - 2 meters. The allowable bearing capacity is one of the most important soil characteristics to be considered when making a database for An-Najaf city soil. Geographical Information System GIS program enables to create reliable database for any characteristic and it is one of the best programs to produce an accurate map and allow ease in dealing with it. Those maps cover all the studied areas and by using contour lines, approximate values for no-data areas can be obtained. The results show that the allowable bearing capacity range is 5 - 20 Ton/m2 for both An-Najaf and Kufa cities. Kufa city has the range 5 - 9 Ton/m2. An-Najaf city has the range 7 - 18 at the center, 8 - 10 Ton/m2 at the north eastern part, 7 - 14 Ton/m2 for the north western part, 6 - 12 Ton/m2 at the south eastern and 12 - 19 Ton/m2 at the south western.

  • 291.
    Al-Mamoori, Sohaib Kareem
    et al.
    Department of Environmental Planning, Faculty of Physical Planning, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq.
    Al-Maliki, Laheab A. Jasem
    Department of Hydraulic Engineering Structures, Faculty of Water Resources Engineering, University of Al-Qasim Green, Babylon, Iraq.
    Al-Sulttani, Ahmed H.
    Department of Environmental Planning, Faculty of Physical Planning, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq.
    El-Tawil,, Khaled
    Faculty of Engineering, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Hussain, Hussain M.
    Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq. Remote Sensing Center, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Horizontal and Vertical Geotechnical Variations of Soils According to USCS Classification for the City of An-Najaf, Iraq Using GIS2019Ingår i: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, ISSN 0960-3182, E-ISSN 1573-1529Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The unified soil classification system (USCS) first proposed by Casagrande and subsequently developed by the Army Corps of Engineers. It widely used in many building codes and books. An-Najaf city is the most important city in Iraq due to its religious and spiritual value in the Muslim world, so it is fast expanding and continuous developing city in Iraq. The data from 464 boreholes in the study area for depths of 0–26 m have been used. 13 Soil samples were collected from each borehole with 13 depths level (0–26) m with 2 m intervals. The USCS was applied to the soil samples from 13 depth levels borehole. This research aims to create a geodatabase for soil properties for An-Najaf. The ArcGIS 10.5 software was used to interpolate the spatial data to produce 33 geotechnical maps for fine soil, coarse soil and USCS for 13 depth levels. For numerical soil data, Ordinary Kriging has been used for interpolation mapping of Fine and Coarse percentage data for each depth. For non-numerical (nominal) soil data (USCS class), the Indicator Kriging method is used. The results show that the coarse soil occupied 85–95% for depth 0–16 m and consist of (SP, SP-SM, SM) while fine soil occupied 5–15% consisting of (OL, CH, ML) subsequently, this soil when compacted has a permeability of pervious to semi impervious, good shearing strength, low to very low compressibility and acceptable workability as a construction material. The results also show that after 16 m depths until 26 m, the fine soil percentage increased to 40% with a coarse soil percentage of 60%, indicating changes in soil characteristics as the permeability became semi-pervious to impervious, fair shearing strength, medium compressibility and fair workability as a construction material. The study results will provide help and saving time, efforts and money in preliminary engineering designs.

  • 292.
    Al-Mamoori, Sohaib Kareem
    et al.
    Department of Environmental Planning, Faculty of Physical PlanningUniversity of KufaNajafIraq.
    Al-Maliki, Laheab A. Jasem
    Department of Hydraulic Engineering Structures, Faculty of Water Resources EngineeringGreen University of Al QasimBaghdadIraq.
    El-Tawel, Khaled
    Faculty of Engineering, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Hussain, Hussain M.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Al Ali, Mohammed Jawad
    Department of Environmental Planning, Faculty of Physical PlanningUniversity of KufaNajafIraq.
    Chloride, Calcium Carbonate and Total Soluble Salts Contents Distribution for An-Najaf and Al-Kufa Cities’ Soil by Using GIS2019Ingår i: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, ISSN 0960-3182, E-ISSN 1573-1529, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 2207-2225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of the paper is to create geotechnical maps for three soil chemical properties in An-Najaf and Kufa cities’ soil by utilizing of GIS tools. This properties are the chloride concentration, calcium carbonate (CaCO 3) and total soluble salts where they affect the durability of reinforced structural elements. This paper provides an easy accurate way to represent soil properties levels for different depths of soil and create reliable database that will help engineers and decision makers. The data included in this paper were collected for (464) boreholes with depths up to 35 m distributed on residential areas in all of An-Najaf and Kufa cities. Arc-Map of GIS 10.2.1 was used to produce the maps. It has been concluded that chloride content in the soil of the study area range from - 0.01 to 0.99% and with an average of 0.5. The maximum value found in at depth 4–6 m while the minimum value found in location at depth 4–6, 8–10 and 14–16 m. The chloride content in most of An-Najaf province has exceeded the permissible limit and for all, this required taking percussions to protect foundations. While calcium carbonate content in the soil of the study area range from 53 to 0.18 and with an average of 26.6. The maximum and the minimum values found at depth 4–6 m. Calcium carbonate content is within the permissible limits in most locations except in some locations.

  • 293.
    Almblad, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriellt och hållbart byggande.
    Stommaterialets klimatpåverkan: En jämförande studie mellan stommaterialen trä och betong ur ett livscykelperspektiv applicerat på en passivhusförskola2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 294.
    Almgren, Gunnar
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Bergsingenjörsutbildningen i Luleå under omprövning1990Ingår i: Bergsmannen med Jernkontorets Annaler, ISSN 0284-0448, nr 6, s. 18-20, 23Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 295.
    Almgren, Gunnar
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Education in mining and rock excavation in Sweden1984Ingår i: The 12th Congress of World Mining Congress, New Delhi, November 19-23, 1984, Calcutta: American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 1984Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Education in Mining and Rock Excavation in Sweden can be subdivided into higher education, upper secondary school education and in-service training. Higher education is provided at the University of Lulea and leads to a Masters degree and to a Licentiate or Doctor of Engineering degree in mining. The higher education curriculum was replanned in connection with the move to Lulea in 1972 from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm to involve higher specialization and to cover both the mining and the underground construction sectors. The upper secondary school education is given at the College of Mining and Metallurgy in Filipstad and leads to a secondary-school engineering degree. In-service training courses are given for working professionals by the Division of Advanced Vocational Training in Lulea and by equipment suppliers. Vocational training is pursued at some upper secondary schools in cooperation with the mining companies.

  • 296.
    Almgren, Gunnar
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Large scale underground mining: proceedings of the International Symposium on Large Scale Underground Mining, Luleå 6-7 November 19851985Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 297.
    Almgren, Gunnar
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Luleå-högskolan och dess bergteknik1977Ingår i: JkA: Jernkontorets Annaler, ISSN 0280-4239, nr 3, s. 58-60Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 298.
    Almgren, Gunnar
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Rock mechanics and the economics of cut and fill mining1981Ingår i: Application of rock mechanics to cut and fill mining: proceedings of the Conference on the application of rock mechanics to cut and fill mining, organized by the Departments of rock mechanics and soil mechanics, University of Luleå ... held at the University of Luleå, Sweden, from 1 to 3 June, 1980 / [ed] Ove Stephansson; Michael J. Jones, London: The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy , 1981, s. 28-35Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 299.
    Almgren, Gunnar
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Almgren, T.
    Kumar, Uday
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Just-in-time and right-in-space1996Ingår i: Minerals Industry International, ISSN 0955-2847, Vol. 1032, s. 26-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 300.
    Almgren, Gunnar
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Berge, IvarNorwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim.Matikainen, RaimoHelsinki University of Technology.
    Improvement of mine productivity and overall economy by modern technology1987Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The two volumes contain over 100 papers of which c40 are abstracted separately. The articles are organized into 6 sections (the first 2 in volume 1, the rest in 2): 1) effective use of geological and geomechanical information; 2) computers in mine planning and operations; 3) capital requirements, organization and productivity in mechanized mining; 4) developments in shaftsinking including alternative haulage systems; 5) mechanized scaling and rock support; 6) mining in arctic conditions (especially permafrost) including applications of artificial freezing.-M.A.Bass

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