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  • 301.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: NOMINATION for Teacher of the Year - Teknologkåren, LTU - 20132013Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    MOTIVATION FOR NOMINATION (translated from Swedish): "Every year, Teknologkåren (the student union for engineering students at LTU) gives out an award for the year's best teacher. The purpose of this award is to recognize prominent teachers and their contribution for students at LTU. Students have nominated you for this award for 2013, an award where the nomination in itself says a lot about your commitment to your students and your teaching. This nomination is evidence that your time and energy make a difference.

  • 302.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Norrbottens politiker ger tummen upp för Barack Obama2008Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Article about what top politicians (and me) thought about the presidential race in the U.S.A. during that historic autumn of 2008.

  • 303.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Pedagogical Contribution for 20142014Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Received the award, "Pedagogiska Instats 2014" (Pedagogical Contribution for 2014) from my department at Luleå University of Technology in Sweden.

  • 304.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Phösarutbildningen2015Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    A talk to these current students about their important role during welcome week ("nolleperiod") in August

  • 305.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Portuguese Management Review2008Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 306.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Sjöstaden Luleås utmärkande drag2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    About our research results on "Luleå som ett varumärke" ("Luleå as a Brand")

  • 307.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Studenter räddar krisinstitutionen2006Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Article about the "Creative Advertising" course I teach, and now it bridges LTU students with business and industry.

  • 308.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Ständigt på jakt - efter nytt blod2011Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 309.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Supply Chain Managment: An International Journal2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Was a reviewer special issue on supply chains in the construction industry

  • 310.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Så har man landat och kommit in i lunken igen!2014Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Short blogg discussion that brings up an interview with me by two LTU students.

  • 311.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Teacher of the Year ("Årets Lärare") - Ekonomsektion, LTU - 20062006Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    MOTIVATION ON AWARD (translated from Swedish): "Tim Foster is an extremely knowledgeable and engaged teacher who, with a burning interest for his students and areas of teaching, motivates them to achieve unbelievable results. With a teaching style that prepares students for their careers and an emphasis on practical applications through real-world projects, Tim creates a commitment and willingness among students to develop themselves and think outside the box. Tim develops his courses on a continual basis and uses the changes in technology to adapt to students’ (learning) needs. Tim Foster is a big role model for both teachers and students at Luleå University of Technology.”

  • 312.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Teacher of the Year ("Årets Lärare") - Luleå Studentkår, LTU - 20092009Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    MOTIVATION ON AWARD (translated from Swedish): "A teacher who challenges his students to think for themselves with assignments that create participation from them. He is a person who inspires great respect and its hard not to take in what he says, especially when students are continually allowed to use the theory he teaches in practical exercises and rewarding final projects. A teacher who has a twinkle in his eye and who does not always take himself too seriously, but can also joke a little with himself. When he speaks, people listen, but he also offers students to frequently take part in the discussion. He does not always give answers but asks questions that allow the students themselves to discuss the possible answers. He often tells students that he learns just as much from them as they will learn from him. He provides feedback on a continual basis, given in a way that is both constructive and shows that he cares. Regardless of an extremely busy schedule, Tim is always available to his students, including those who are not even in his courses."

  • 313.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Teacher of the Year ("Årets Lärare") - Studentkåren Unitas, LTU - 19991999Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    MOTIVATION ON AWARD (translated from Swedish): "With Tim Foster as a teacher you feel as a student no boundaries for what is possible to accomplish; instead you see only opportunites and fulfillment. Tim Foster shows his extremely strong pedagogical skills in both teaching and organizing a course. He has realistic and inspiring discussions connected to the area of study. As a person, Tim has a lot of respect for his students, even though he has high expectations and requires discipline. At the same time, he demonstrates a genuine interest for every individual. He has succeeded, in a creative way, with how to conduct a lecture with dialouge, even in larger lectures. We therefore want give this award to a teacher who dares to go his own way and use his own way of teaching, and in this way manages to win both the students' interest and confidence."

  • 314.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Teacher of the Year ("Årets Lärare") - Teknologkåren, LTU1999Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    MOTIVATION ON AWARD (translated from Swedish): "Tim Foster has an ability to engage students in his teaching and encourage everyone to contribute with creative solutions to problems. Furthermore, he, in an pedagogical way, shows students how a theoretical area can be used in the workplace."

  • 315.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Teacher of the Year^("Årets Lärare") - Ekonomlinjen - 19941994Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    MOTIVATION WRITTEN ON THE AWARD (translated from Swedish): "For your contribution in undergraduate education within the Department of Business Administration at Luleå University of Technology. Tim has shown dedication, skill, and succeeded to instill enthusiasm in his students in their studies."

  • 316.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Tim Foster - ALS Ice Bucket Challenge2014Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    A YouTube video created and edited by one of my football players for the Luleå Eskimos.

  • 317.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Varumärkesseminarium (Branding Seminar)2015Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Took part by giving a talk then sitting on a panel discussion about the value of branding to an organization.

  • 318.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Ville bort men hittade hem2013Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Interview with Årets Alum 2012, Katarina Willig, who mentions me in the interview.

  • 319.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Visiting Scholar - Michigan State University1995Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    During the period of August 1995 through January 1996, I was appointed, "Visiting Scholar" at Michigan State University, where I had done my undergraduate work in Advertising from 1981-1988. During this autumn of 1995 I was under the supervision of Professor Gordon Miracle at the Department of Advertising & Public Relations, taking two doctoral courses and working on my doctoral thesis.

  • 320.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: Växa i Kalix2013Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    My talk (and mention in NSD article) about growth in the small, northern Swedish town of Kalix.

  • 321.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Aktivitet: We All Need Heroes2012Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    On page 168, a story is told about me telling the story about my Dad as police chief back in East Lansing, Michigan (and why he liked to look at people's hands when he interviewed them).

  • 322.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Another view of internationalising curriculum: A Swedish classroom study1997Inngår i: Business research yearbook, ISSN 1082-9040, Vol. 4, s. 707-711Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 323.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Creating Digital Value: At the Heart of the I-E-I Framework2005Inngår i: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 20, nr 4/5, s. 245-252Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to provide a better understanding on the use of web sites for creating value in industrial buyer-seller relationships. Design/methodology/approach - Through an extensive yet not exhaustive review of previous studies on business-to-business (B2B) web site development the extranet level of a conceptual model (the I-E-l framework) is tested in an industrial setting in Sweden. Using four research questions as a guide, a qualitative, case study approach is followed in order to uncover both the industrial sellers' and buyers' perspectives on the true value of an industrial extranet. Findings - The findings show that for true value to be created at this level, both the seller and the buyer must not only take value out but also put it in. Value in this setting focuses on information as the heart of true value creation, and the view that the extranet can indeed be considered the "super- glue" of such seller-buyer relationships. Research limitations/implications - Although the aim of qualitative research is rarely to generalize in any way, it does allow one to probe more deeply and uncover detailed clues and descriptions of what is happening in an area of research that is itself dynamic and constantly changing. What practitioners can take from this study is that extranets can be developed to serve and create true value at the (core) seller-buyer relationship. Originality/value - Empirical evidence regarding extranets in such settings has been limited, this study helps to fill this gap and provide a foundation for future research efforts within the area.

  • 324.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Industrial marketing communication: a (r)evolutionary journey from marketplace to marketspace2015Inngår i: Revolution in Marketing: Market Driving Changes: Proceedings of the 2006 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference / [ed] Harlan E. Spotts, Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2015, s. 111-118Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article looks back over a decade-long research project that investigated the use of industrial marketing communication tools by industrial sellers and buyers in Sweden. It was found that the Internet during “Part I” was simply an evolving tool within the industrial marketing communication “toolbox.” In “Part II” it became a revolutionary, multipurpose tool.

  • 325.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Industrial marketing communication: a (r)evolutionary journey from marketplace to marketspace2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 326.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Industrial marketing communication: A (r)evolutionary journey from marketplace to marketspace2006Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis looks back over a ca 10-year period, 1994 - 2005, on the use of marketing communication tools in industrial markets. The year 1994 is significant in two ways: First, it was the year I was hired as a doctoral student at Luleå University of Technology in Sweden. The year is also significant as it is around this time (1994-95) that the Internet became commercialized and openly available for use beyond simple, point-and-click information retrieval. This decade-long journey was broken into two parts: The first part explored the entire industrial marketing communication toolbox, where both personal and non-personal tools, as well as the emerging Internet were used for industrial sellers to provide information, as compared to what industrial buyers were using to obtain information. The second part looked at the Internet as a marketing communication tool onto itself. The first part of the study (1994 - 1998), resulted in a Licentiate thesis entitled "Industrial Marketing Communication: An Empirical Investigation on the Use of Marketing Communication Tools" (Foster, 1998). It is provided here synoptically as Study A. In Study A, industrial sellers and buyers were investigated as to how they utilized all of the marketing communication tools within the industrial marketing communication toolbox. It was found that there was still a heavy reliance on personal, non-commercial forms of marketing communication, primarily personal selling. The non-personal forms of marketing communication, or the "tools" within the compartments of advertising, sales promotion, public relations, and direct marketing, were also utilized, but not in the same way or to the same degree. The Internet was seen neither as a purely personal nor as only a non-personal form of communication, so it was given its own "compartment" in the toolbox, as highlighted in Study A's conceptual framework as an additional (new) "industrial cyber space" (or area) within the toolbox. Although being utilized at the time by industrial sellers and buyers, primarily via tools such as websites and to a certain degree e-mail, the Internet was considered a little-used but potentially valuable "marketing communication tool of the future." It was this finding that became the foundation and the invitation to investigate the Internet as a marketing communication tool onto itself in "the future." This became the focus of the next phase of the study. The second part of this study picked up where the first part left off and took place during the years 1999 - 2005. It started with looking at the literature on the use of the Internet in industrial (B2B) markets, and more specifically at the use of websites as industrial marketing communication tools. This in turn became the foundation for Study B in this doctoral thesis, "The Internet as an Industrial Marketing Communication Tool." For various reasons, chief among them the flexibility with investigating the area at a time when so much was changing and at such a rapid pace, an article format was chosen over continuing on with the monograph format used in presenting Study A. Around this time Jones (1999) explained that not only should the Internet continue to be a focus of our respective scholarly research efforts, but it should also be used as a tool to conduct that research. From this, it became of interest to focus Study B on these two areas: The Internet as a focus of my research (i.e. the AREA focusing on its use as an industrial marketing communication tool), as well as a tool used in conducting the research itself (i.e. the APPROACH to the research). Therefore, the first two articles in Study B look empirically at the use of the Internet as a marketing communication tool in an industrial setting. The third article focuses on how the Internet was used as a tool in conducting this research. The fourth article looks back longitudinally over the entire 10-year period, from Study A through Study B, discussing the findings from both the area of research as well as the approach. Overall, it was found that this research area focusing on the use of industrial marketing communication tools is actually becoming revolutionized in terms of how industrial sellers and buyers, and potentially other stakeholders in the industrial value chain, communicate and interact with one another. More specifically, technology seems to be affecting these relationships in new and exciting ways. It is suggested that what this 10-year journey has produced is the idea that we are in the midst of a "perfect storm" of revolutions within industrial marketing communication research, where both the respective focus of our research as well as the ways in which we go about doing it are caught up and mixed together within areas that will inspire us to continue to do more research, if we can keep up.

  • 327.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Industrial marketing communication: An empirical investigation on the use of marketing communication tools1998Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 328.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Into the depths of the I-E-I framework: using the internet to create value in supply-chain relationships2007Inngår i: Supply chain management, ISSN 1359-8546, E-ISSN 1758-6852, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 96-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The paper seeks to provide a better understanding of how industrial (B2B) organizations use their web sites as a marketing communication tool to create value through their supply (value) chain relationships. Design/methodology/approach - A review of previous studies on B2B web sites results in the development of the "I-E-I (internet-extranet-intranet) framework", with three research questions focusing on how each of the three levels of the I-E-I framework can be described. Via these research questions the framework is tested empirically over a ten-month period in an industrial (B2B) web site setting. A qualitative, case study approach is used utilizing multiple sources of evidence. Findings - It was found that in order to make online (communication) efforts more effective throughout the value chain, an inside-out communication strategy is needed by the organization. Each level seems to have primary versus secondary stakeholders in terms of the access to and interaction with the web site level in which they are interacting. Overall, it was found that the deeper one went into the I-E-I framework, the more value that was created and that such value was both provided to and received from both the organization and the stakeholder. Originality/value - The I-E-I framework developed in this study introduces a framework that can be tested empirically, discussed and debated in other settings and provide a springboard for more in-depth studies on value creation in B2B web sites for both scholars and practitioners.

  • 329. Foster, Tim
    et al.
    Bäckström, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    e-MBA: the program that WOM built2007Inngår i: Building Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century: Fulfilling the Mission of Marketing Education. 2007 Conference Proceedings / [ed] Barbara L. Gross; Brian K. Jorgensen, Marketing Educators' Association , 2007, s. 110-113Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 330.
    Foster, Tim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Farshid, Mana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Juena, Sadia
    Wallström, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    The use of social media in higher education2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 331.
    Foster, Tim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Oldenburg, Mia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Verksamhetsstöd, VSS Career Center.
    Branding You: How to Market Yourself in a Competitive World2016Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 332.
    Foster, Tim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Bäckström, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Brand Personality of a City: Identity vs. Image2011Inngår i: The Sustainable Global Marketplace: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Academy of Marketing Science, Coral Gables, FL USA May 24-27, 2011 / [ed] Mary Conway, The Academy of Marketing Science, 2011, s. 440-442Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the perceived destination image and identity by applying the concept of brand personality and empirically examines their effects on loyalty towards a city as a brand. This affords a deeper understanding of how branding works in this context and provides a framework by which local governments can manage such loyalty.

  • 333.
    Foster, Tim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Bäckström, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Brand personality of a city: identity vs. image2015Inngår i: The Sustainable Global Marketplace: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Academy of Marketing Science, Coral Gables, FL USA May 24-27, 2011 / [ed] Mary Conway, Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2015, s. 440-442Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the perceived destination image and identity by applying the concept of brand personality and empirically examines their effects on loyalty towards a city as a brand. This affords a deeper understanding of how branding works in this context and provides a framework by which local governments can manage such loyalty.

  • 334.
    Foster, Tim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Wallström, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Engström, Anne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Growth of a City: How Gender Affects Brand Loyalty2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 335.
    Foster, Tim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Strandberg, Carola
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Invited Special Session: Empowering Millenials - Teaching & Learning Challenges2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 336.
    Foster, Tim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Styvén, Maria Ek
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Wallström, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Engström, Anne
    Travel Talk: eWOM Across Multiple Cultures2017Inngår i: Creating Marketing Magic and Innovative Future Marketing Trends: Proceedings of the 2016 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference / [ed] Stieler, Maximilian, Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2017, s. 703-704Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Word-of-mouth (WOM) communication is considered the most important, informal means of communication between consumers (Derbaix and Vanhamme 2003). An increasingly important extension of the traditional face-to-face WOM used by consumers is the electronic word of mouth (eWOM), especially with regard to how eWOM is used within today’s online social media outlets (Weisfeld-Spolter et al. 2014). Within the travel and tourism industry, eWOM has become vitally important, as consumers tend to trust information from consumer-generated (social) media more than information from service providers (Ip et al. 2012). This is particularly true for the younger generation of Internet users—the “e-generation,” who are “digital natives” and who have used digital technologies since they were kids. The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding on how today’s e-generation is using eWOM as tourists/travelers, from a multicultural perspective. In order to reach this aim, the following research questions are stated: (RQ1) How are e-generation consumers using eWOM when planning a trip?; (RQ2) How are e-generation consumers using eWOM during and after a trip?

  • 337.
    Fransson, Emma
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Vikström, Felicia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Personalomsättningen inom revisionsbyråer – Ett problem?: En studie om personalomsättning på stora och små revisionsbyråer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Att ha en viss grad av personalomsättning är nödvändigt för organisationens fortsatta lönsamhet. Personalomsättningen inom revisionsbranschen beskrivs däremot som ett problem. Tidigare studier har undersökt olika aspekter av personalomsättningen på individnivå. Där har det identifierats faktorer till varför revisorsassistenter väljer att lämna revisionsbyråerna. Tidigare studier har även fokuserat på olika metoders inverkan på individernas beslut att lämna branschen. Syftet med examensarbetet är att analysera personalomsättningen utifrån revisionsbyråernas perspektiv, och därefter identifiera skillnader mellan stora och små revisionsbyråer. För att besvara examensarbetets forskningsfrågor och uppfylla syftet har både en enkätundersökning samt intervjuer utförts. Enkätundersökningen skickades ut till revisionskontor runt om i Sverige och bidrog med svar från 32 olika kontor. Sedan intervjuades fyra revisionsbyråer i Norrbotten, två små och två stora revisionsbyråer. Studien visar att revisionsbyråerna i Norrland har en låg personalomsättning, men att personal-omsättningen i branschen som helhet fortfarande anses vara för hög. Studiens huvudsakliga slutsats är att personalomsättningen varierar mellan revisionsbyråerna och att byråns storlek är en förklarande faktor. Utöver detta visar studien på att ledningen och externa faktorer har en inverkan på personalomsättningen. De externa faktorerna kan dock inte påverkas av ledningen, utan är något som ledningen istället bör anpassa sig efter för att kunna behålla sina medarbetare.

  • 338.
    Fredriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Johansson, Elin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Rådgivning inom revisionsbranschen: En studie om hanteringen av oberoendefrågor vid rådgivning i små och medelstora revisionsbyråer2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det råder en hård konkurrens på revisionsmarknaden och rådgivning har därmed blivit ett allt vanligare konkurrensmedel hos revisionsbyråerna. En revisor är idag inte enbart en oberoende granskare, en del av en revisors arbete går även ut på att bistå med råd och rekommendationer till kunden. Revisorns dubbla roller som granskare och rådgivare och den oberoendeproblematik som kan uppstå då revisionsbyråer bjuder ut rådgivning och revision till en och samma kund har länge diskuterats. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i denna diskussion och syftar till att skapa en djupare förståelse för hur små och medelstora revisionsbyråer arbetar för att upprätthålla oberoendet i dessa situationer. För att besvara studiens syfte har en kvalitativ ansats tillämpats och empirin har samlats in i två steg. Inledningsvis har en deltagande observation på en revisionsbyrå genomförts, vilken har legat till grund för utformningen av studiens semistrukturerade intervjuer. Vid studiens empiri och analys har urvalet, bestående av små och medelstora revisionsbyråer, delats in i tre byråkategorier; väldigt små, små och medelstora revisionsbyråer. Den framtagna empiriinsamlingen visar att samtliga byråkategorier hanterar oberoendehotet vid tillhandahållandet av rådgivning genom användandet av analysmodellen. Det framkommer däremot att det finns tydliga skillnader mellan de tre byråkategorierna vad gäller tillämpningen av analysmodellen, framför allt gällande vilka interna och externa motåtgärder som används. Studiens medelstora byråer använder sig av både interna och externa motåtgärder, medan de väldigt små och små revisionsbyråerna endast tillämpar interna motåtgärder. De motåtgärder som tillämpas hos de medelstora revisionsbyråerna överensstämmer med de motåtgärder som omnämns i branschens etiska riktlinjer. De små revisionsbyråernas motåtgärder överensstämmer till viss del med dessa etiska riktlinjer, medan motåtgärderna hos de väldigt små byråerna saknar överensstämmelse med dessa riktlinjer. De medelstora revisionsbyråernas kvalitetssäkring av oberoendet är generellt sett mer omfattande än hos de väldigt små och små revisionsbyråerna. Resultatet indikerar på ett samband mellan storleken på revisionsbyrån och revisionskvaliteten.

  • 339. Friberg, Åsa
    An empirical evaluation of online privacy concerns with a special focus on the importance of information transparency and personality traits2007Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet has become an essential tool in the personal and professional lives of millions of people. Despite this pervasiveness, there is a downside to using the web. When individuals go online, they leave behind digital footprints. These data trails provide detailed information that can be captured, manipulated, and potentially misused by public and private agencies, often without one's knowledge or consent. Thus, individual privacy is threatened at an unprecedented level. As recognition of this phenomenon grows, the issue of privacy has increased in salience. Although online privacy research has appeared regularly in the literature, there are still many issues left to explore. This dissertation determines a link between individual concern for online privacy, information transparency, and personality type. We adopt a quantitative approach and derive the hypotheses from previous studies. Empirical data are collected from a web- based survey given to students at Luleå University of Technology. Results show that privacy concerns are linked to information transparency. We present a new reliable unidimensional scale that indicates how much an individual values the importance of information transparency. Using a brief personality inventory, we also uncover differences among personality types in terms of perception of privacy and information transparency.

  • 340.
    Friis-Jespersen, Christopher
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Celebrity endorser’s credibility: effect on consumers’ attitude toward advertisement: Factors influencing vloggers credibility among viewers and their relation with attitude toward advertisement2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has become an attractive platform for companies to advertise their brands on and a common method is to pay internet celebrities to use their fame to promote the companies’ brands. One of these social media platforms is Youtube where “YouTubers” using their fame to promote brands on a daily basis in form of video logs (vlogs). Studies has indicated that the more credibility an endorser has, the more likely the purchase intention is, but also higher retention for the advertised brand. Therefor the purpose of this study is to describe the factors of endorser credibility, benefiting endorsers in how they can increase their credibility. The study also looked at the relation between endorsers’ credibility and attitude towards the advertisement, benefiting companies in choosing the most profitable endorser. A quantitative study was conducted to answer the research purpose, where a questionnaire was sent out to students on LUT (Luleå University of Technology).

    The results of this study suggested that endorsers credibility consists of all the five factors that was looked at in this study which was trustworthiness, attractiveness, expertise, homogeneous and tie strength. Findings of this study also suggested a direct and positive relation between some factors of endorser credibility with attitude towards advertisement

  • 341.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Kurkkio, Monika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Lichtenthaler, Ulrich
    University of Mannheim.
    Antecedents and consequences of firms' process innovation capability: a literature review and a conceptual framework2012Inngår i: IEEE transactions on engineering management, ISSN 0018-9391, E-ISSN 1558-0040, Vol. 59, nr 4, s. 519-529Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Process innovation can allow both efficiency and effectiveness gains and is a key source of long-term competitive advantage in manufacturing firms. However, the literature on managing process innovation is broad and fragmented, and it has not yet been systematically reviewed in the scholarly literature. Drawing on a capability-based perspective, the aim of this paper is to provide a systematic review of the process innovation literature. We synthesize our findings into a conceptual framework displaying the antecedents and consequences of firms' process innovation capability. First, a parsimonious review of the process innovation literature is conducted. Second, a conceptual framework of firms' process innovation capability is developed to synthesize the literature and to advance knowledge about managing process innovation. A principal distinction between a firm's potential and realized process innovation capability is drawn, and it is argued that high-quality realization mechanisms are critical for achieving desired process innovation outcomes. Finally, implications for theory, management practice, and recommendations for future research are provided.

  • 342.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Lichtenthaler, Ulrich
    University of Mannheim.
    Kurkkio, Monika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    The front end in non-assembled product development: a multiple case study of mineral- and metal firms2012Inngår i: Journal of engineering and technology management, ISSN 0923-4748, E-ISSN 1879-1719, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 468-488Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We conceptualize the front end in non-assembled product development to be iterative and experiment-based, consisting of three sub-phases: informal start-up, formal idea-study, and formal pre-study. Although some key activities are shared with the front end activities in assembled product development, literature reviews, anticipating requirements of customers’ production processes, analysis of raw materials, anticipation of scale-up problems, and tests in bench-, pilot plant-, and full scale production represent unique activities. In addition, product concepts were frequently developed in parallel, requiring specification of physical, chemical and structural properties. These findings have implications for increasing the success and quality of front end efforts

  • 343. Frostensson, Magnus
    et al.
    Helin, Sven
    Sandström, Johan
    Understanding internal processes for sustainability in retail: Corporate disclosure or concealment2012Inngår i: Nordic Retail Research: emerging diversity, Göteborg: Basic Books, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 344.
    Gama, Fabio
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Managing the Collaborative Front End of Innovation in Manufacturing Firms: Requirements, Capabilities, and Conditions2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The front end of innovation is critical to innovative efforts in firms yet it remains to be poorly understood. This especially important since innovation efforts in the front end are becoming increasingly open in line with the era of open innovation. Although the literature on the front end of innovation is well developed, prior studies have largely focused on bilateral agreements and have overlooked conditions for collaborations with science-based partners (universities and research institutes). This is especially true for manufacturing firms, for which a continuous stream of new product ideas are a key source of competitiveness. To make things worse, the front end of innovation in this setting is often characterized by incongruent practices by partners, different magnitudes of fuzziness, and high risks in revealing new ideas. Developing new product definitions with different partners is thus a risky endeavor that may seriously compromise competitive advantages if mishandled. Therefore, there is a need for greater knowledge to facilitate the collaborative front end with different types of partners. Accordingly, the purpose of this dissertation is to understand how to manage the collaborative front end in manufacturing firms, with a particular focus on requirements, capabilities, and conditions.

    To fulfill this research purpose, data on manufacturing firms were collected through four case studies and one survey. In total, this dissertation is based on empirical data from 81 interviews with R&D members across 10 medium-sized and large manufacturing firms, as well as a survey of 146 small and medium-sized manufacturing firms. Respondents were based in Brazil or Sweden. The key theories and literatures covered in this dissertation include coordination modes, control mechanisms, organizational routines, the resource-based view, and appropriability mechanisms.

    This dissertation makes numerous theoretical contributions to the front-end literature. First, it extends the front-end literature by presenting the concepts of systematic idea generation and fuzziness assessment as a prerequisite for improving front-end performance. Second, this dissertation extends the front-end literature by listing the collaboration conditions that help firms cooperate with science-based partners. By collaborating with science-based partners, firms can access (unpublished) codified and tacit scientific knowledge, enabling them to rapidly build on the latest research findings. The findings suggest particular practices that can be applied to reduce cultural differences and diminish goal divergence among project members. Third, the findings in this dissertation enrich the front-end literature by describing a set of detailed practices to streamline the involvement of different types of partners using diverse protective practices. Fourth, it suggests a theoretical framework that describes how to manage the collaborative front end of innovation. The theoretical framework explains how manufacturing firms can use their organizational capabilities to develop new product ideas efficiently and safely. In particular, the framework discerns the capabilities that are necessary to explore mechanisms, practices, and routines in terms of divergent thinking, external expertise, and multiple opinions. Altogether, these contributions assist firms to better manage collaborative front end. 

  • 345.
    Gama, Fabio
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Idea generation and open innovation in SMEs: When does market‐based collaboration pay off most?2019Inngår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 113-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) largely depend on proficient idea generation activities to improve their front-end innovation performance, yet the liabilities of newness and smallness often hamper SMEs’ ability to benefit from systematic idea generation. To compensate for these liabilities, many SMEs adopt an open innovation approach by collaborating with market-based partners such as customers and suppliers. This study investigates the relationship between SMEs’ systematic idea generation and front-end performance and investigates the moderating role of market-based partnership for SMEs. Drawing on a survey of 146 Swedish manufacturing SMEs, this study provides two key contributions. First, the systematic idea generation and front-end performance relationship in SMEs is non-linear. Accordingly, higher levels of front-end performance are achieved when idea generation activities are highly systematic. Second, the returns from higher levels of systematic idea generation are positively moderated by market-based partnerships. Thus, external cooperation with customers and suppliers pays off most toward front-end performance when SMEs have highly systematic idea generation processes. These results indicate a contingency perspective on the role of external partnerships. They also have implications for research into the front-end of innovation and open innovation in the context of SMEs.

  • 346.
    Gama, Fabio
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Managing interorganizational technology development: Project management practices for market- and science-based partnerships2017Inngår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 115-127Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms are increasingly relying on collaborating with external partners to drive technology development. Many firms struggle with managing the inherently uncertain and ambiguous technology development process, however, especially with external actors involved, because they may not have or share the same project management practices concerning coordination and control activities. To address this gap, this study examines appropriate project management practices for market- and science-partnerships in three large technology intensive firms. Our results suggest that interorganizational technology development is problematic because firms lack sufficient partner understanding and struggle with aligning their project management practices with those of their partners. To address these problems, we identify project management practices of coordination and control to fit the contingencies of each type of partner collaboration. Our results provide implications for theory and managerial practices related to managing interorganizational technology development.

  • 347.
    Gama, Fabio
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design. Luleå tekniska universitet, Centre for Management of Innovation and Technology in Process Industry, Promote.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Open innovation in technology development: how an integrated set of project management practices can help companies to collaborate better with market- and science-based partners in technology development2017Inngår i: Management of Innovation and Technology, ISSN 2001-208X, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 5-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 348.
    Gama, Fábio
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. School of Business, Engineering and Science, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden;Department of Business Administration, Santa Catarina State University, Florianópolis, Brazil.
    Managing collaborative ideation: The role of formal and informal appropriability mechanisms2019Inngår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 97-118Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborative ideation is a key practice for innovation. Implementing suitable appropriability mechanisms during this collaborative ideation is a necessary yet difficult task. This difficulty owes to a high level of uncertainty and low level of codification because partners work on loosely defined concepts that may change during the collaboration. Firms can employ several appropriability mechanisms to protect their knowledge. Examples include patents, copyright, legal agreements, document management, lead time, secrecy and complexity. However, the best time to apply each mechanism remains unclear, and few empirical studies have explored this issue. This study is based on exploratory case studies of three manufacturing firms. The goal is to identify which appropriability mechanisms are pertinent at each phase of collaborative ideation and how they influence the effectiveness of protection. The results of the analysis lead to the development of a model describing the managerial practices that influence the effectiveness of protection. The results also lead to a set of research propositions to define when each appropriability mechanism is most likely to be used. Overall, this research contributes to the discussion of how to integrate formal and informal appropriability mechanisms for safe collaborative ideation. The paper concludes by discussing theoretical and managerial implications as well as directions for future research.

  • 349.
    Gama, Fábio
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Pandemic preparedness: investigating practices for ensuring responsive management of scientific networks during disease outbreaks2017Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 350.
    Gama, Fábio
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. Luleå University of Technology.
    Parida, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Sjödin, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Untangling capabilities for managing the front end of innovationInngår i: Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the vital and often underemphasized front end of innovation. It aims to explore how firms utilize organizational capabilities to manage multiple sources of fuzziness (uncertainty, equivocality, and complexity). In so doing, we use the capability- and knowledge-based view to examine the use of firms’ capabilities to navigate the front end process from vague ideas towards corroborated product definition. In our qualitative case of seven manufacturing firms, we explore practices, methods, and routines for managing the front end. We explain that new product ideas can be classified according to different degrees of fuzziness, which implies that not all product ideas can or should be treated in the same way. In fact, certain capabilities are more important for managing the development of ideas at low (i.e. process management and idea refinement) and high (problem formulation and problem solution) levels of fuzziness. Ultimately, we suggest a theoretical framework that elucidates how firms use two distinct paths (i.e. tolerance-based or reduction-based) to transform early new product ideas into corroborated product definitions. In doing so, our results guide project members in matching the magnitude of knowledge problems with organizational capabilities and thereby increase front-end performance.

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