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  • 301.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Project: PanLab II2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande målet med PanLabII är att utveckla och förbättra de mekanismer och teknologier som möjliggör skapandet av en federation av existerande testbäddar som skapar ett ökat värde för användare av existerande lokala testbäddar samt visa en federationen som en modell som möjliggör etablerandet av långsiktiga, livskraftiga och storskaliga testinfrastrukturer för telekom teknologier, tjänster och applikationer i Europa. Detta Intergrated Projekt är finansierat av EU:s sjunde ramprogram.

  • 302.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Engström, Anne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Styvén, Maria Ek
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Modeling Mobile Business: MeMo: Meta-Business Model for Mobile Services2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 303.
    Juell-Skielse, Gustaf
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Lönn, Carl-Mikael
    Stockholm University.
    Päivärinta, Tero
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Modes of collaboration and expected benefits of inter-organizational E-government initiatives: A multi-case study2017Inngår i: Government Information Quarterly, ISSN 0740-624X, E-ISSN 1872-9517, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 578-590Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration among governmental organizations has been regarded as essential for realizing benefits of e-government investments. Inter-organizational collaboration on e-government can appear in several forms and can aim at varying types of benefits. However, few if any studies have delved deeper into analysis of how chosen forms of collaboration might relate to targeted e-government benefits. This article studies five cases of how contemporary acquisitions and implementations of digital archiving systems have been launched through five modes of collaboration (autonomous, standardization, framework agreement, consortium, and central service organization) among organizations in the Swedish public sector. Our analysis reveals that whereas the target system, digital archive in our case, stays similar, expected benefits vary. The article contributes by elaborating the concept of mode of collaboration that identifies typical benefits justifying a choice of a particular collaboration form on e-government development and describing the five modes in more detail based on a multi-case study. The article also outlines fourteen related propositions of the correlation between the collaboration modes and expected benefits to be verified by further research.

  • 304.
    Kaartinen, Heidi
    et al.
    Centria University of Applied Sciences Research and Development, Finland.
    Köyhäjoki, Tero
    Centria University of Applied Sciences Research and Development, Finland.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Björk, Erlend
    Arctic University of Norway, Department of Industrial Engineering, Norway.
    Utilizing 3D printing in manufacturing companies comparative demonstration in a company case2018Inngår i: SIMS 2018: Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems, New York: IEEE, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The additive manufacturing method is more commonly known as three-dimensional (3D) printing. Traditionally, physical products have been fabricated by subtracting the material using machining tools. With modern technology, however, a wide range of materials, even metal, can be printed. In this method, the object is formed by adding layers of material. The INTERREG North project Innovations & Industrial Internet (I3) created innovative experiments with a 3D printer. The comparative 3D printing demonstration described in this paper was produced in collaboration with Finnish, Swedish and Norwegian research partners. The purpose of the demonstration was to verify 3D printing as a method for producing scale models of products.

  • 305.
    Karasti, Helena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Infrastructuring in Participatory Design2014Inngår i: PDC '14: Proceedings of the 13th Participatory Design Conference : Research Papers / [ed] Dhungana D.,Gnesi S.,Rubin J.,Czarnecki K.,Heymans P.,Fantechi A, New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014, Vol. 1, s. 141-150Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews literature and reflects on infrastructur-ing in Participatory Design (PD) with a conceptual inter-est. It starts with the notion of information infrastructure introduced to the PD community in the mid-1990s by Star and collaborators. It traces how the notion has been adapted, appended, and negotiated within a number of PD approaches known as “infrastructuring.” Based on this review, the paper discusses a number of themes arising from these approaches that relate to salient information infrastructure characteristics and speak to the specificity of infrastructuring in PD. This paper takes stock of what has happened in conceptual terms with regard to information infrastructure and infrastructuring in the field of PD to inform continuing work.

  • 306.
    Karasti, Helena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Long-term Temporality in STS Research on Infrastructural Technologies2014Inngår i: Yearbook 2012 of the Institute for Advanced Studies on Science Technology and Society, München, Wien: Profil Verlag GmbH , 2014, s. 75-89Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on a literature study of Science and Technology Studies (STS) research on infrastructural technologies with a particular interest on how long- term temporality is conceived in these. Stances to long-term temporality are reviewed in three areas of research, each of these addressing a particular kind of infrastructural technology: Large Technical Systems, Virtual Information Infrastructures, and Emergent Technosciences. Analysis reveals a variety of positions on long-term temporality, including differences in how the duration and direction of temporality are perceived, as well as initial work unpicking the involved multiple temporalities. The article concludes by calling for increased awareness towards temporality and for extending the temporal scope of STS research.

  • 307.
    Karasti, Helena
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Millerand, Florence
    University of Quebec at Montreal , Department of Public and Social Communication, University of Quebec.
    Hine, Christine E.
    Department of Sociology, University of Surrey.
    Bowker, Geoffrey C.
    Department of Informatics, University of Irvine.
    Knowledge infrastructures: Part i2016Inngår i: Science & Technology Studies, E-ISSN 2243-4690, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 2-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 308.
    Karasti, Helena
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Millerand, Florence
    University of Quebec at Montreal , Department of Public and Social Communication, University of Quebec.
    Hine, Christine E.
    Department of Sociology, University of Surrey.
    Bowker, Geoffrey C.
    Department of Informatics, University of Irvine.
    Knowledge infrastructures: Part II2016Inngår i: Science & Technology Studies, E-ISSN 2243-4690, Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 2-6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 309.
    Karasti, Helena
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Millerand, Florence
    University of Quebec at Montreal , Department of Public and Social Communication, University of Quebec.
    Hine, Christine E.
    Department of Sociology, University of Surrey.
    Bowker, Geoffrey C.
    Department of Informatics, University of Irvine.
    Knowledge infrastructures: Part III2016Inngår i: Science & Technology Studies, E-ISSN 2243-4690, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 2-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 310.
    Karasti, Helena
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Pihkala, Suvi
    University of Oulu.
    Reflexive engagement: enacting reflexivity in design and for 'participation in plural'2016Inngår i: Proceedings of The 14th Participatory Design Conference (PDC '16), Aarhus, Denmark, August 15 -19 2016: Aarhus, Denmark, Short Papers, Interactive Exhibitions, Workshops / [ed] Teli M.,McDonnell J.,Bodker K.,Bossen C.,Smith R.C.,Kanstrup A.M, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016, Vol. 1, s. 21-30Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper joins the discussion on participation in Participatory Design (PD) by proposing reflexivity as an orientation for engaging in design and for the plurality of participation. Based on our study in which a social media-supported collaboration model was designed with professionals working against workplace harassment, the paper recounts how the designer--researcher's reflexive orientation allowed participation to be uncovered as manifold and dynamic and how this affected the design process. We discuss the critical sensitivity and attentiveness enacted in design practice as reflexive engagement that encouraged negotiations of roles, goals, and technology. Regarding participation, we discuss reflexive engagement with multiple relationships, participatory assemblies and their intersections and overlaps---participation in plural---in our study. We conclude by proposing the conceptualization of reflexive engagement as an orientation for PD designers to engage in the particularities of situated design practices, while holding to the ethical (political), practical and creative commitments of PD.

  • 311.
    Khaled Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud
    et al.
    Electronic and Communication Department, Al-Madina Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology, Giza, Egypt.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap. Faculty of Engineering, Al-Azhar University, Qena, P.O. Box 83513, Egypt.
    Khalaf, Ashraf A. M.
    Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
    Two-phase multi-model automatic brain tumour diagnosis system from magnetic resonance images using convolutional neural networks2018Inngår i: EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing, ISSN 1687-5176, E-ISSN 1687-5281, Vol. 2018, artikkel-id 97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Brain tumour is a serious disease, and the number of people who are dying due to brain tumours is increasing. Manual tumour diagnosis from magnetic resonance images (MRIs) is a time consuming process and is insufficient for accurately detecting, localizing, and classifying the tumour type. This research proposes a novel two-phase multi-model automatic diagnosis system for brain tumour detection and localization. In the first phase, the system structure consists of preprocessing, feature extraction using a convolutional neural network (CNN), and feature classification using the error-correcting output codes support vector machine (ECOC-SVM) approach. The purpose of the first system phase is to detect brain tumour by classifying the MRIs into normal and abnormal images. The aim of the second system phase is to localize the tumour within the abnormal MRIs using a fully designed five-layer region-based convolutional neural network (R-CNN). The performance of the first phase was assessed using three CNN models, namely, AlexNet, Visual Geometry Group (VGG)-16, and VGG-19, and a maximum detection accuracy of 99.55% was achieved with AlexNet using 349 images extracted from the standard Reference Image Database to Evaluate Response (RIDER) Neuro MRI database. The brain tumour localization phase was evaluated using 804 3D MRIs from the Brain Tumor Segmentation (BraTS) 2013 database, and a DICE score of 0.87 was achieved. The empirical work proved the outstanding performance of the proposed deep learning-based system in tumour detection compared to other non-deep-learning approaches in the literature. The obtained results also demonstrate the superiority of the proposed system concerning both tumour detection and localization.

  • 312.
    Kilinc, Caner
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Booth, Todd
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    WallDroid: cloud assisted virtualized application specific firewalls for the Android OS2012Inngår i: 2012 IEEE 11th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications - TrustCom-2012: 11th IEEE Int. Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Communications, IUCC-2012, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Computer Society Press , 2012, s. 877-883Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Security is becoming an increasingly important feature of today's mobile environment where users download unknown apps and connect their smartphones to unknown networks while roaming. This paper proposes and evaluates an enhanced security model and architecture, WallDroid, enabling virtualized application specific firewalls managed by the cloud. The WallDroid solution can be considered as an Android Firewall Application but with some extra functionality. Key components used by the solution include VPN technologies like the Point to Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) and the Android Cloud to Device Messaging Framework (C2DM). Our solution is based on the cloud keeping track of millions of applications and their reputation (good, bad, or unknown) and comparing traffic flows of applications with a list of known malicious IP servers. We describe a prototype implementation and evaluate our solution.

  • 313.
    King, James
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    A Distributed Security Mechanism for Resource-Constrained IoT Devices2016Inngår i: Informatica, ISSN 0350-5596, E-ISSN 1854-3871, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 133-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet of Things (IoT) devices have developed to comprise embedded systems and sensors with the ability to connect, collect, and transmit data over the Internet. Although solutions to secure IoT systems exist, Class-0 IoT devices with insufficient resources to support such solutions are considered a resource constrained in terms of secure communication. This paper provides a distributed security mechanism that targets Class-0 IoT devices. The research goal is to secure the entire data path in two segments, device-to-gateway and gateway-to-server data communications. The main concern in the provided solution is that lighter security operations with minimal resource requirements are performed in the IoT device, while heavier tasks are performed in the gateway side. The proposed mechanism utilizes a symmetric encryption for data objects combined with the native wireless security to offer a layered security technique between the device and the gateway. In the offered solution, the IoT gateways provide additional protection by securing data using Transport Layer Security (TLS). Real-time experimental evaluations have demonstrated the applicability of the proposed mechanism pertaining to the security assurance and the consumed resources of the target Class-0 IoT devices.

  • 314.
    Klischewski, Ralf
    et al.
    German University in Cairo (GUC).
    Elragal, Ahmed
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Business-IT Alignment in The Arab World: Is There a Fast Track to Maturity?2015Inngår i: 23rd European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2015, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates how companies operating in emerging markets and investing in latest IT solutions can be supported in developing maturity in business-IT alignment faster than their predecessors in developed countries. It follows up the consultant perspective through documenting ex-post the participant’s observations, reflected through participant objectivation, to analyze the activities con-ducted, the obstacles faced and the success reached while trying to mature business-IT alignment in selected companies operating in the Arab World. From the five cases included in the sample, evidence was found that specific consultant’s interceptions can indeed “fast-track” the needed improvement in business-IT alignment, especially when the sense of crisis in the company creates a readiness to em-brace the change and the subsequent benefits are obvious enough to those involved to sustain the newly reached maturity level. However, the personality and behavior of the CEO, the attitude of middle management, and the corporate culture as a whole may obstruct all efforts of “fast-tracking” any time, especially when the actors involved adhere to traits deeply rooted in the region’s hierarchical traditions.

  • 315.
    Korenkova, Margarita
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Hägerfors, Ann
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Quality criteria for digital information in long-term digital preservation2011Inngår i: Archiving 2011: Preservation Strategies and Imaging Technologies for Cultural Heritage Institutions and Memory Organizations - Final Program and Proceedings, Springfield, VA: The Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2011, s. 34-39Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Preservation of digital information is a vexing problem for preservation agencies. Properties or functionalities of the preserved object can be lost over time. Digital preservation is an ongoing, proactive process of preserving information and its significance over time. In this article, we conduct a theoretical and an empirical study in Swedish preservation agencies to identify and define a set of essential information properties for long-term preservation. Among identified properties, the study confirmed that knowledge on how to guarantee quality of preserved digital information is low and showed that guiding quality principles need to be established. The need for a unified information quality assurance framework was also highly confirmed.

  • 316.
    Kotb, Mohamed T.
    et al.
    Software Engineer, London, Ontario.
    Haddara, Moutaz
    University of Agder.
    Kotb, Yehia T.
    University of Western Ontario.
    Back-Propagation Artificial Neural Network for ERP Adoption Cost Estimation2011Inngår i: ENTERprise Information Systems: International Conference, CENTERIS 2011, Vilamoura, Portugal, October 5-7, 2011, Proceedings, Berlin: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2011, Vol. II, s. 180-187Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) are greatly affected by cost escalations and overruns Reliable cost factors estimation and management is a key for the success of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems adoptions in enterprises generally and SMEs specifically. This research area is still immature and needs a considerable amount of research to seek solid and realistic cost factors estimation. Majority of research in this area targets the enhancement of estimates calculated by COCOMO family models. This research is the beginning of a series of models that would try to replace COCOMO with other models that could be more adequate and focused on ERP adoptions. This paper introduces a feed-forward back propagation artificial neural network model for cost factors estimation. We comment on results, merits and limitations of the model proposed. Although the model addresses SMEs, however, it could be extended and applied in various environments and contexts.

  • 317.
    Krogstie, John
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Holst, Marita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, CDT.
    Jelle, Tomas
    Wireless Trondheim.
    Kulseng, Lars
    Wireless Trondheim.
    Gudmundsdottir, Ásta
    Innovation Centre Iceland.
    Braskus, Laruynas
    Sunrise Valley.
    Olesen, Annie
    A9 Consulting.
    Using a Living Lab Methodology for Developing Energy Savings Solutions2013Inngår i: 19th Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2013: Chicago, IL; 15 -17 August 2013, 2013, Vol. V, s. 3872-3879Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is becoming increasingly important to create a sustainable environment. One important step is to reduce the energyconsumption. In Europe, 25% of the energy used is consumed by private households. How energy is produced and consumedin different European countries varies a lot, thus it is hard to develop general solutions based on country-specific traits. Theaim of this paper is to describe an approach to cross-country development of an energy savings solution. This paper reportson the usage of a method based on collecting users needs related to their current energy consumption, the actions they cantake, and the possible future solutions they want to see.

  • 318.
    Källström, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling. Volvo Construction Equipment, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Lindström, John
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Digitala tjänster och system.
    Håkansson, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Karlberg, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling.
    Lin, Jing
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Vibration-based Condition Monitoring of Heavy Duty Machine Driveline Parts: Torque Converter, Gearbox, Axles and Bearings2019Inngår i: International Journal of Prognostics and Health Management, ISSN 2153-2648, E-ISSN 2153-2648, Vol. 10, artikkel-id 014Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As more features are added to the heavy duty construction equipment, its complexity increases and early fault detection of certain components becomes more challenging due to too many fault codes generated when a failure occurs. Hence, the need to complement the present onboard diagnostic methods with more sophisticated diagnostic methods for adequate condition monitoring of the heavy duty construction equipment in order to improve uptime. Major components of the driveline (such as the gearbox, torque converter, bearings and axles) are such components. Failure of these major components of the driveline may results in the machine standing still until a repair is scheduled. In this paper, vibration based condition monitoring methods are presented with the purpose to provide a diagnostic framework possible to implement onboard for monitoring of critical driveline parts in order to reduce service cost and improve uptime. For the development of this diagnostic framework, sensor data from the gearbox, torque converter, bearings and axles are considered. Further, the feature extraction of the data collected has been carried out using adequate signal processing methods, which includes, Adaptive Line Enhancer, Order Power Spectrum respectively. In addition, Bayesian learning was utilized for adaptively learning of the extracted features for deviation detection. Bayesian learning is a powerful prediction method as it combines the prior information with knowlegde measured to make update. The results indicate that the vibration properties of the gearbox, torque converter, bearings and axle are relevant for early fault detection of the driveline. Furthermore, vibration provide information about the internal features of these components for detecting deviations from normal behavior.

    In this way, the developed methods may be implemented onboard for the continuous monitoring of these critical driveline parts of the heavy duty construction equipment so that if their health starts to degrade a service and/or repair may be scheduled well in advance of a potential failure and in that way the downtime of a machine may be reduced and costly replacements and repairs avoided.

  • 319.
    Köhler, Veronica
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Co-creators of scope of action: an exploration of the dynamic relationship between people, IT, and work in a nursing context2006Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Information Technology (IT) is today widespread in our work places, in our spare time and in our society overall. Implementations of IT in organizations come with high expectations on effectiveness, revenue, smoother work processes and so on. However, this simplified view on IT ignores the fact that it is the IT usage rather than the IT artifact per se that in the end decides the effect of an implementation of IT. Although the IT artifact certainly has been designed to support certain tasks and processes, the success or failure of the Information System (IS) in the end depends on the individuals' actions, which ultimately depend on their perceptions and interpretations of the IS. Thus, when technology is being implemented and becomes an IS in use, it becomes a part of work, and as such more of a social system than a technological one. The actual result of a design process does not solely consist of things or artifacts, but above all changed action patterns for the users. From this follows that we must consider design of artifacts as something more than merely the constructing of actual objects with functions and properties that are easily measured. Rather, a large part of all design activities has to do with design of conceivable social milieus, not artifacts. Thus, design may be defined as the suggesting and establishing of scope of action. The concept scope of action aims at describing the fact that the design of, and consequently the implementation of, a specific IT artifact always aims at creating a certain scope of action; some actions are made easier, others are made more difficult or even impossible. This scope of action has to some extent been deliberately designed, but these changes may on the other hand also be undesired and not predicted in advance. The complexity of this phenomenon is great and hard to grasp in advance. However, this does not mean that we can allow ourselves to ignore exploring this phenomenon more deeply. On the contrary, with a usage perspective on IS success or failure, scope of action becomes very important. Although the term scope of action may seem a rather intuitive concept, we need more concrete knowledge about its character in order to be able to understand IT usage, both when designing a new IT artifact and when studying or evaluating IT. Thus, our intuitive understanding of the concept needs to be complemented with theory on the ‘constituents’ and effects of this phenomenon. For this purpose, in this thesis nurses’ use of the Electronic Patient record (EPR) is being explored in order to gain an empirically derived understanding of the character of scope of action. The research findings highlight the emergent character of scope of action. It is obvious that an individual’s scope of action is not being created on one occasion, and above all not only by the IT artifact. Various co- creators such as the IT artifact, the usage and the social context create and re-create scope of action. Also, how the individual interprets and understands the IT artifact in IT usage will influence her scope of action. This since sensemaking and learning processes on both a personal and organizational level take place that are co-creators of the individual’s scope of action, at the same time as the individual’s knowledge and previous sensemaking and learning influences her use of the IT artifact. Thus, reasoning, thinking, learning, and the IT artifact co-evolve over time in adaptation and appropriation processes. This means that IT as a mediational means constitutes an important co-creator of scope of action. From this also follows that work integrated learning is an important co- creator of scope of action when using IT in a work setting, at the same time as work integrated learning is being influenced by the individual’s scope of action. Finally, in order to understand how scope of action emerges in use, merely focusing on structures is insufficient. Scope of action emerges as a product of interplay between complex processes involving artifacts, usage and context. This means that the user’s scope of action is co-created by both static structures as well as dynamic processes relating to the IT artifact, the organization, and the work practice. Thus, the IT artifact, and subsequently scope of action, must be must be understood in relation to the multi-aspectual context of which it is a part instead of merely in relation to the properties of the IT artifact per se

  • 320.
    Köhler, Veronica
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla, Vänersborg.
    Mirijamdotter, Anita
    Söderhamn, Olle
    Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla, Vänersborg.
    People, technology and work practices: understanding the processes of sensemaking when using IT in a nursing context2005Inngår i: The 16th Australasian Conference on Information Systems: People, Technology and Work Practices. ACIS 2005, 2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Information Technology (IT) usage is increasingly focused on interaction processes rather than data storage and transaction. This change fundamentally transforms work practices, and these practices in interplay with human agents and technology in turn affect the boundaries for scope of action. In this paper, we explore nurses' use of Electronic Patient Records (EPRs) for sensemaking and other elucidating processes that support, co-create, and mediate collective learning and social practice, thereby contributing to individual and organizational knowledge.

  • 321.
    Laaksonen, Anna Elina
    et al.
    Tammerfors University.
    Niememaa, Maarko
    Åbo University.
    Harnesk, Dan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Influences of frame incongruence on information security policy outcomes: an interpretive case study2013Inngår i: International Journal of Social and Organizational Dynamics in I T, ISSN 2155-6334, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 33-50Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 322.
    Laninge, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik.
    Erfarenheter från kreativa branschers anpassning till digitaliseringen: Problem och möjligheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det var inte länge sedan man såg på IT som en del av något enskilt och avskilt. Nu pratar vi om digitalisering, en våg av förändring som, enligt en rapport från Kansliet förstrategisk analys (2014), kommer vara den enskilt största förändringsfaktorn för detsamhälle vi lever i till år 2025. Tempot för digitaliseringen ökar för varje år som går och den förändrar hur vi konsumerar och skapar nya diskussioner. Enligt Matt, Hess & Benlian (2015) finns det stora fördelar för företag att ta till sig digitaliseringen, men statistiken visar att företagen i Sverige halkar efter jämfört med våra grannländer (Accenture, 2015).

    Digitaliseringen har gått hårt åt företag i kreativa branscher. Medan den inom andra branscher öppnade upp för nya innovativa produkter och affärsmodeller har många olika företag inom kreativa branscher inte lyckats utnyttja digitaliseringen på samma sätt (Rothmann & Koch, 2014). Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka vilka möjligheter och problem företag inom kreativa branscher upplevde under sin anpassning till digitaliseringen och om dessa erfarenheter kan vara till nytta för företag i andra branscher.

    Studien har genomförts med en abduktiv forskningsansats och empirin har samlats in från en litteraturstudie och kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer. Från den här studien kan följande slutsatser dras; Det måste finnas en flexibilitet och kreativitet i hur man gör affärer för att hänga med i digitaliseringen och att vara värdecentrerad snarare än produktcentrerad kan ge en fördel. När ett företag försöker förändra sig kan kognitiva låsningar uppstå och ett sätt att komma ur låsningarna är att hitta gynnsamma samarbeten med andra företag. Oavsett innovativa värdestrategier finns det en vikt i att hela tiden gå tillbaka till vad som är företagets kärna och att vänta på en stabilisering kommer inte underlätta ett företags anpassning till digitaliseringen.

  • 323.
    Larsen, Even Åby
    et al.
    University of Agder.
    Päivärinta, Tero
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Smolander, Kari
    Lappeenranta University of Technology.
    A model for analyzing changes in systems development practices2012Inngår i: Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application, ISSN 1552-6496, E-ISSN 1532-4516, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 21-48Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces an empirically grounded model for analyzing intended and unintended changes in the prevalence of information systems development practices. In the model, any development practice observable in a development organization can be analyzed according to two dimensions: the intended scope of defined practices versus the actual scope of enacted practices. Furthermore, the model identifies eight types of change paths in systems development practices based on the two dimensions: emergence, entropy, initiation, abandonment, formalization, informalization, implementation, and recalcitrance. The eight types of change paths provide an integrated theoretical model for understanding how systems development practices can change in organizations and projects and among individual developers in a given context. The paper concludes by discussing how the model complements and integrates concepts of the contemporary research on systems development practices and outlines its potential uses for future research.

  • 324.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Aktivitet: EIT ICT Labs Summer School2013Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 325.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Aktivitet: EIT ICT Labs Summer School utmärkelse för bästa projekidé 20132013Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under sommarskolan vann bästa lag (under sommarskolan) affärsutvecklingstid från experter inom EIT ICT Labs. Vårt lag (samt ett till lag) vann för vårt arbete med att integrera SATIN plattformen för app-byggande i en öppna data portal (se bifogad presentation). Kriterierna var inriktade på projektidéer för framtiden baserade på teknik för digitala smarta städer.

  • 326.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Aktivitet: Forskningsseminarium för Informatik avdelningen, Karlstad Universitet2012Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 327.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Aktivitet: IRIS35 - Designing the Interactive Society2012Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Information Systems Research in Scandinavia 2012 in Sigtuna Sweden.

  • 328.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Aktivitet: IRIS36 - Digital Living2013Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Information Systems Research in Scandinavia 2013 (http://www.mn.uio.no/ifi/english/research/news-and-events/events/conferences-and-seminars/iris2013/): "We want to question what digital living implies, both on a personal, group, organizational and societal level. What are the struggles, tensions and results that has emerged as we have gone from “digitizing” our organizations and societies to “living with the digital”? We seek to discuss experiences of “digital living” within a multitude of empirical settings. Just to mention a few such settings, this could include studies of how ICTs are intimately intertwined into daily practices of care for elderly and frail people, of how organizations deal with their increasingly complex systems’ portfolios, or how people relate to each other when interaction is mediated through social networks. What are the societal effects of ICT becoming ubiquitous in everyday situations, such as travel, shopping, everyday logistics and community work? How do gaming, virtual worlds, social media, and free downloading affect society – education, economy, work life and culture? Which strategies do persons, groups and organizations adopt in order to deal with ICTs? Through which means are digital lives being regulated, standardised and governed?With the theme “digital living” we also seek to provoke. Everything in our lives is not digital; we still have a significant “analogue” component. How can the border between the physical and digital aspects of our lives be designed and dealt with? How can basic human capacities be utilized in interaction and collaboration with digital devices? Moreover, the resource distribution in our world is disturbingly uneven, and everyone on our planet does not live digital lives. However, the impact of ICT in low GDP countries is dramatic, so we also welcome a global perspective on “digital living”."

  • 329.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Aktivitet: IRIS37 - Designing Human Technologies2014Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Information Systems Research in Scandinavia (IRIS) 2014 (http://iris2014.aau.dk) in Roskilde, Denmark: Designing Human Technologies is a broad technological concept based on the principle that users, the target group and other interested parties must be involved in ethical and society-related considerations about the design, in the design process itself and in verifying how designs contribute to the fulfillment of needs and solution of a problem. Working with the theme may include thorough analysis on how designs are used and included in human life and/or how to design solutions for select issues.Designing Human Technologies includes information technology but also: mobility technology, environment/sustainable technology, energy technology and technology in connection with city design, natural resorts, innovative and appealing space and experiences, physical planning and organisation, climate adaptation, solutions of information and communication technology, policies, products, service and/or experiences.

  • 330.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Aktivitet: IRIS38 - System design for, with and by users2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The 38th Information Systems Research Conference in Scandinavia (http://iris2015.org) in Oulo, Finland.

  • 331.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Aktivitet: Scandinavian Workshop on E-government2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 332.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Aktivitet: Special Issue: Innovation through open data2013Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The opening of data has been hailed for its innovative capacity and transformative power. Over the last years, many politicians, companies, scientists, and citizen communities have paid considerable attention to the demand of opening data of both public and private organizations. An important event in this context was the release of the EU Public Sector Information (PSI) directive in 2003, in which a common legislative framework was presented, which regulates making data of public sector bodies available for re-use . In 2009, the Obama Administration stated that its primary goal was the establishment of an unprecedented level of openness of the Government and published an Open Government Directive some months afterwards . Building on former policies, the EuropeanCommission has recently presented an Open Data Strategy for Europe, in which more evident rules on making the best use of government-held information are presented . In 2012, the Obama Administration published the Digital Government Strategy, which aims to 1) enable the American people to access high-quality digital government information and services anywhere, anytime, on any device; 2) seize the opportunity to procure and manage devices, applications, and data in smart, secure and affordable ways; and 3) unlock the power of government data to spur innovation and improve the 5 quality of services for the American people .In addition to these policy documents, various studies have shown that opening data by public and private organizations has considerable potential to provide citizens, researchers, companies and other stakeholders with many advantages, such as a growing economy by stimulating innovation, developing new businesses and obtaining new insights in the public and private sector by creating new ways of understanding problems and interpreting data. Open data enable new ventures to develop new business models and innovative services. Often the added value is generated from combining multiple sources. Open data have the potential to enable different types of innovation, such as innovation through the provision, processing and use of open data, innovation through open data technologies, and innovation through impact and public value creation from open data initiatives (transparency, accountability and collaborative governance approaches). Open data can contribute to open government. However, although open data research is performed increasingly, research about the way innovation can take place through open data is still lacking. For this reason, innovation through open data is the main focus of this Special Issue.

  • 333.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Open innovation going societal?: Open data as boundary breaker2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent opening up of government data in open digital formats is believed to emerge into a new innovation scene. This paper analyses two Swedish open data initiatives from the perspective of inside-out open innovation in order to develop a better understanding of this on-going process from within a public sector perspective. Findings reveal that the governmental context leads to a dual mode of innovation; where the providers of resources for innovation act in an inside-out innovation process but the users of the very same resources acted as innovators in an outside-in innovation process. Together this formed a broad societal framework for innovation. For the cocreation of innovations, public sector participation was also found to vary on a passive-active scale, while the external data users as innovators were always actively involved. This study also contributes to business open innovation with its findings of open innovation on a societal level.

  • 334.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Public Sector Open Data: Shaping an arena for innovation and value creation2014Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This research initially sprung out of a natural curiosity for the emerging phenomenon of open data with its combination of democratic perspectives, since it is based on freedom of information legislation, and its potential for a multitude of citizen driven innovations. Research showed that while open data repeatedly was being envisioned for having immense potential of leading to a multitude of innovations and societal impacts, most of the attention still remained on challenges related to enable a broad realisation of open data, that is, putting more data on the web. At the same time, research and reports indicated that open data was a more complex matter than expected, and that the release of open data was guarded by myths saying that opening up of data equalled instant benefits from open data use, and that open data initiatives were emerging too slowly. In general, the understanding of how to address open data so that the envisioned innovative potential was enabled remained a pressing issue. Therefore this research set out to explore how the public sector open data phenomenon is being shaped to address societal opportunities and challenges, and thereby enabling both practical and theoretic contributions. The field of Social Shaping of Technology (SST) was chosen as main theoretic lens since it provided good models for approaching technology development and innovation in general, and also includes social and political dimensions without being limited by organisational borders or managerial dimensions. By engaging in a case study of two Swedish municipalities and their respective open data initiatives in combination with a study on European policies and reported open data use, a number of research papers has been written, of which four is included in this thesis.Findings reveal that the highly heterogeneous evolvement of open data can advantageously be seen as shaped into a metaphorical open arena for innovation and value creation, inspired by a SST concept called arenas for development. The arena concept enables us to bring together processes and entities that otherwise are dislocated, and to gain a holistic view of the shaping processes at stake for this yet immature ICT-phenomenon. Also, it allows us to address the evolvement of open data in a way that intertwines with social, political and technical aspects. Within the overall concept of an open arena for innovation and value creation, the research revealed two concepts for understanding how societal challenges and opportunities were addressed with the help of open data; multidirectional and multicentre evolvement, of which the latter is a contribution to SST theory. As a final reflection, this thesis provides some thoughts on future implications and possibilities of the democratic stance of open data.

  • 335.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Relevant Social Groups Within the Open Data Initiative: a matter of intertwining meanings2013Inngår i: The 36th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: IRIS 2013: Digital Living, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to explore the attributed meanings about open data displayed by the groups of people involved in the process towards the realization of the open data initiative sprung from the Public Sector Information directive. This is done by performing a case study of two municipalities in Sweden. Findings reveal a world of a large number of relevant social groups that interacts and intertwines in numerous ways and in various contexts, and where development evolves in different directions.

  • 336.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Research proposal: Leveraging regional growth with public sector open data2012Inngår i: The 35th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia – IRIS 2012: Designing the Interactive Society, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years, spotlight has landed on the digitally formed ‘open data’ as both a main ingredient of open government (Lathrop et al. 2010) with its focus on transparency and participation (Meijer et al. 2012), and as a mean for forming a new information market and leveraging new digital services (Cox et al. 2003), (Janssen 2011a). This new phenomena has led the public sector into a changed relationship with citizens (Maier-Rabler et al. 2011), and has also opened the door for citizens to interpret the previously closed public sector data into new innovative services and new truths (Margetts 2011). Still it is not yet clear how the relation with citizens as service developers can be made to work, and empirical findings reveal a major uncertainty about this relation and its characteristics.This research proposal sets out to explore the relationship between data owners in public sector and service developers/owner that utilises public sector open data in order to find answers to how this relation can be made to leverage regional growth. Used methods are qualitative case studies of two Swedish municipals, in combination with a netnography study of a citizen initiated discussion forum about public sector open data.

  • 337.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Re-use of open data from public sector: Characterising the phenomena2019Inngår i: International Journal of Public Information Systems, ISSN 1653-4360, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 1-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The current focus on releasing open data from public sector and allowing this data to be a resource in new outputs seems to be hampered in its evolvement. Despite the growing number of open data, re-use of this data is not reaching the expected levels. This paper sets out to increase our understanding of one of the key activities, the re-use of open data, in order to bring clarity into the processes for making open data the valuable resource it is believed to have a potential to. Specifically, this study aims at deriving at a definition of the yet blurry concept of open data re-use, and by doing so, contributes to form a foundation for future research on open data re-use.

    By undertaking a literature review; current policies in Europe where analysed, three research streams on open data re-use were identified, the scope and boundaries of re-use as an activity well as the re-users of open data were investigated, before a definition finally were derived through a discussion. At the end, reflections on future research based on findings in the discussions are made to further excel our scholarly understanding of open data re-use and the long-term effects of it. 

  • 338.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    The contradicting view about user groups relation to innovation: the European open data case2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study set out to investigate how user groups and their relation to impactswithin open data phenomena were being portrayed in two levels of official EU documents; policy documents and a set of topic reports. Specifically, we also searched for implications thereof on the believed scene for open data based innovations. Findings reveal highly contradicting views of user groups, where the policy documents mainly explicitly acknowledged user groups belonging to the ICT sector and drawing on economic values. The topic reports on the other hand presented a much more diverse picture of open data users, as ranging from various sectors and with a broader engagement in the realisation process thanmere re-use. These differences were seen to be fuelled by myths about new ICT at the policy level, which also infused a range of possible implications for a future innovation scene based on open data re-use. In particular, possible implications were found in four areas; 1) what user groups were acknowledged, 2) what parts of the realisation process users engaged in, 3) what skills where deemed important, and, 4) what impact user groups were aiming for. Also, this provides implications for how open data success is measured and evaluated.

  • 339.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Open data in Europe: mapping user groups to future innovation impacts2014Inngår i: IRIS: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsson; Jacob Nørbjerg; Jan Pries-Heje, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) , 2014, s. 160-176Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to advance our understanding of how re-users are being portrayed in policy documents and in a set of topic reports. Drawing on user innovation theories, implications are discussed for the future innovation scene and its main identified user groups: companies and developers, researchers, journalists and non-governmental organisations. Findings reveal differences between the two types of documents, both in relation to the user groups presented and their role in the value chain. While the policy documents mainly acknowledged user groups belonging to the ICT sector and emphasised economic values, the topic reports presented a much more diverse and heterogeneous view of open data users; revealing that there is no ‘one’ user group and impact’, rather, outcomes such as service innovation were related to all user groups. In particular, possible implications for innovation were related to three areas: 1) which re-user groups are acknowledged in the selected policy documents and topic reports?, 2) where in the data value chain are the different re-users placed and what value are they expected to generate?, 3) how might the current way of portraying re-users in policy documents and topic reports influence the shaping of the emerging open data innovation scene? For conclusion, this paper points to the identified simplistic view of user group’s relation to innovation in the policy documents as a possible hindrance for obtaining a broad innovation scene where heterogeneous innovations can emerge.

  • 340.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Shaping local open data initiatives: politics and implications2014Inngår i: Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, ISSN 0718-1876, E-ISSN 0718-1876, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 17-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores different perspectives attributed to the open data initiatives and how these perspectives shape the opening-up process. A socio-technical lens, the social construction of technology, was used to analyse a qualitative cross-case study of two Swedish municipalities. Findings revealed two ways of interpreting open data initiatives: 1) as a platform for techno-economic growth and 2) as a platform for co-created societal growth. These two approaches addressed the municipalities respective contextual challenges and interests alongside national recommendations in their aims to realize the open data initiative. In doing so, they diverged into the evolvement toward two different ends: the realization of open data and the realization of open government. To excel the understanding of actions taken to meet these ends, an additional set of differences between these municipalities is provided within a sociotechnical framework that allows us to discuss diverging evolvements of open data initiatives based on agreed and non-agreed interpretations of what is believed to be constructed.

  • 341.
    Lassinantti, Josefin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Runardotter, Mari
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Relevant social groups for open data use and engagement2019Inngår i: Government Information Quarterly, ISSN 0740-624X, E-ISSN 1872-9517, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 98-111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The opening up of public sector data has provided a new data resource for the citizens. However, the use of open data and its consequent societal value has proved not to be as extensive as initially hoped for, although multiple innovations have emerged; rather it is still considered problematic, and knowledge about open data use is scarce. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to clarify open data use and engagement by people outside the public sector, especially what motives exists and how different user types align to these motives. To achieve this, a document analysis has been carried out of reported use cases identified in EU topic reports between 2014 and 2016. By applying the theory of Relevant Social Groups (RSG), which focuses on the people's interpretation of the purpose with the technology, we identified five RSGs representing overall motives for open data use: 1) Exploring for creativity, 2) Creating business value, 3) Enabling local citizen value, 4) Addressing global societal challenges, and 5) Advocating the open data agenda. We also discuss differences between the relevant social groups and the included user types, issues and implications for understanding the evolvement of the open data field, and suggests research ahead.

  • 342.
    Lievens, Bram
    et al.
    IBBT, Brussels.
    Schaffers, Hans
    Aalto University School of Economics (CKIR).
    Turkama, Petra
    Aalto University School of Economics (CKIR).
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Ballon, Pieter
    IBBT, Brussels.
    Cross border living labs network to support SMEs accesing new markets2011Inngår i: eChallenges e-2001 Conference proceedings / [ed] Paul Cunningham; Miriam Cunningham, IIMC International Information Management Corporation , 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last years there has been an increasing number of Living Labs throughout Europe, which are gradually forming a vibrant and still growing community. Several Living Lab networks have been set up on the European, the regional, and the national levels which mainly exchange high-level principles and best practices for individual Living Lab set-up and implementation. This paper focuses on the next steps that these networks must take in order to support SMEs for innovation and gaining access to new markets. The paper presents a methodology framework for cross-border living labs networks supporting SMEs based on network management, which uses results from four cross-border living labs networking experiments in four different settings. The methodology identifies and addresses key challenges for cross-border living labs networking in each setting. The paper presents initial results of methodology development and discusses various challenges in applying the methodology framework to the specific context of homecare and independent living solutions.

  • 343.
    Lindberg, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Gelter, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier, ljudteknik och teater.
    Karlberg, Helena
    SVID, Stiftelsen svensk industridesign.
    Samhällsdesign genom platsinnovation2015Inngår i: Design Research Journal, ISSN 2000-7574, nr 1, s. 9-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 344.
    Lindberg, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Gelter, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier, ljudteknik och teater.
    Karlberg, Helena
    SVID, Stiftelsen svensk industridesign.
    Social change through place innovation2015Inngår i: Design Research Journal, ISSN 2000-7574, nr 1, s. 9-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel utforskas hur ’’platsinnovation’’kan användas som nytt vetenskapligt begreppoch praktiskt verktyg för att förstå och utformaframtidens samhällsdesign.

  • 345.
    Lindberg, Renny
    et al.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Laine, Teemu H.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Approaches to Detecting and Utilizing Play and Learning Styles in Adaptive Educational Games2017Inngår i: Computers Supported Education: 8th International Conference, CSEDU 2016, Rome, Italy, April 21-23, 2016, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Gennaro Costagliola; James Uhomoibhi; Susan Zvacek; Bruce M. McLaren, Cham: Springer, 2017, s. 336-358Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Games have emerged as promising tools to make learning more fun. Pedagogical effectiveness of an educational game can increase if its behavior changes according to learners’ play and learning styles. Several models for categorizing learning and play styles exist, but not many studies simultaneously detect and utilize both style groups. To alleviate this, as the first contribution, we analyzed and compared existing learning and play style models, and chose the most suitable one from each group. Personality style models were also discussed. We then created a questionnaire based on Honey and Mumford’s Learning Style Questionnaire and Bartle’s Player Types, and collected data from 127 South Korean elementary school children. The results indicated that specific play styles were clearly more dominant (Killer 18%, Achiever 24%, Explorer 32%, Socializer 41%), whereas dominant learning styles were distributed more evenly (Activist 33%, Reflector 37%, Theorist 20% and Pragmatist 25%). As the second contribution, we presented the foundations of a generic adaptation model for utilizing learning and play styles for designing adaptive educational games.

  • 346.
    Lindbäck, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    CODA-WEBB2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Slutrapporten CODA-WEBB består av tre delar:Strategi för webbarkiveringUndersökning av webbcrawler-verktyg för insamling av webbsidorUtvärdering av ”Open repositories” för att publicera, lagra och tillgängliggöra digitala dokumentDen första delen av rapporten är tänkt att fungera som en handbok för myndigheter och andra organisationer som ska göra en förstudie inför ett webbarkiveringsprojekt. Slutsatsen är att ett antal områden behöver utredas, som till exempel: syfte och krav på bevarandet, urval, användare och tillgängliggörande. Frekvens och tidpunkt för insamling samt metoder, verktyg och tekniska frågor är andra områden som behandlas i del 1.I del 2 utvärderas och jämförs tre verktyg för webbcrawling: HTTrack Website Copier, Heritrix och PageNest. Syftet med denna undersökning var att utse lämpligt verktyg för LDB-centrums interna projekt Testplattformen. Heritrix utsågs till bästa val för detta ändamål.Del 3 består av en utvärdering av Open repository-verktyg, även detta i syfte att välja lämpligt verktyg för användande i Testplattformen. Fem verktyg utvärderades med hjälp av en litteraturstudie, dessa var: EPrints, DSpace, Fedora, Greenstone och DAITSS. Som mest lämpat för användande i Testplattformen utsågs Fedora.

  • 347.
    Lindqvist, Göran
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Lindbäck, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Runardotter, Mari
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Aspenfjäll, Jan
    LDB-centrum.
    CODA: Curation of Digital Assets. Slutrapport 20072008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 348.
    Lindström, John
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling.
    Aspects to consider within information security during procurement and use of cloud services, v1.002013Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 349.
    Lindström, John
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Aspects to consider within information security during procurement and use of cloud services, v2.002014Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 350.
    Lindström, John
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, ProcessIT Innovations R&D Centre. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Digitalisering för företag inom tillverknings- och processindustrin: Visionärt kunskapsunderlag till den regionala digitala agendan2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
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