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  • 51.
    Smart, R. L.
    et al.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Sarro, L. M.
    Departmento de Inteligencia Artificial, UNED, c/ Juan del Rosal 16, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Rybizki, J.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Reylé, C.
    Institut UTINAM CNRS UMR6213, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté Bourgogne, Observatoire de Besançon, BP1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Robin, A. C.
    Institut UTINAM CNRS UMR6213, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté Bourgogne, Observatoire de Besançon, BP1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Hambly, N. C.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Abbas, U.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Barstow, M. A.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.
    de Bruijne, J. H. J.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Bucciarelli, B.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Carrasco, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Cooper, W. J.
    Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, AL10 9AB, Hatfield, UK; INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Hodgkin, S. T.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Masana, E.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Michalik, D.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Sahlmann, J.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Sozetti, A.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Brown, A. G. A.
    Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Vallenari, A.
    INAF – Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Prusti, T.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Babusiaux, C.
    Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France; GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Biermann, M.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Creevey, O. L.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Evans, D. W.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Eyer, L.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Hutton, A.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Jansen, F.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Jordi, C.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Klioner, A.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Lammers, U.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Lindegren, L.
    Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Luri, X.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Mignard, F.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Panem, C.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Pourbaix, D.
    Institut d’Astronomie et d’Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium; F.R.S.-FNRS, Rue d’Egmont 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Randich, S.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Sartoretti, P.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Soubiran, C.
    Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Walton, N. A.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Arenou, F.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Bailer-Jones, L.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Bastian, U.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Cropper, M.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Drimmel, R.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Katz, D.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Lattanzi, M. G.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; University of Turin, Department of Physics, Via Pietro Giuria 1, 10125 Torino, Italy.
    van Leeuwen, F.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Bakker, J.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Castañeda, J.
    DAPCOM for Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    De Angeli, F.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Ducourant, C.
    Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Fabricius, C.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Fouesneau, M.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Frémat, Y.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Guerra, R.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Guerrier, A.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Guiraud, J.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Jean-Antoine Piccolo, A.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Messineo, R.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche, 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Mowlavi, N.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Nicolas, C.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Nienartowicz, K.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Sednai Sàrl, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Pailler, F.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Panuzzo, P.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Riclet, F.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Roux, W.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Seabroke, M.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Sordo, R.
    INAF – Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Tanga, P.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Thévenin, F.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Gracia-Abril, G.
    Gaia DPAC Project Office, ESAC, Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain; Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Portell, J.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Teyssier, D.
    Telespazio Vega UK Ltd for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Altmann, M.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l’Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Andrae, R.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Bellas-Velidis, I.
    National Observatory of Athens, I. Metaxa and Vas. Pavlou, Palaia Penteli, 15236 Athens, Greece.
    Benson, K.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Berthier, J.
    IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.
    Blomme, R.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Brugaletta, E.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Burgess, P. W.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Busso, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Carry, B.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Cellino, A.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Cheek, N.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Clementini, G.
    INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Damerdji, Y.
    Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium; CRAAG – Centre de Recherche en Astronomie, Astrophysique et Géophysique, Route de l’Observatoire Bp 63 Bouzareah 16340 Algiers, Algeria.
    Davidson, M.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Delchambre, L.
    Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
    Dell'Oro, A.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Fernández-Hernández, J.
    ATG Europe for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Galluccio, L.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    García-Lario, P.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Garcia-Reinaldos, M.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    González-Núñez, J.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain; ETSE Telecomunicación, Universidade de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36310 Vigo, Galicia, Spain.
    Gosset, E.
    Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium; F.R.S.-FNRS, Rue d’Egmont 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Haigron, R.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Halbwachs, J.-L.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l’Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Harrison, D. L.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Kavli Institute for Cosmology Cambridge, Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA, USA.
    Hatzidimitriou, D.
    Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15783 Athens, Greece.
    Heiter, U.
    Observational Astrophysics, Division of Astronomy and Space Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hernández, J.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Hestroffer, D.
    IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.
    Holl, B.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Janßen, K.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Jevardat de Fombelle, G.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Jordan, S.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Krone-Martins, A.
    CENTRA, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Edif. C8, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal; Department of Informatics, Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences, University of California, 5019 Donald Bren Hall, 92697-3440 CA Irvine, USA.
    Lanzafame, A. C.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Ettore Majorana”, Università di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Löffler, W.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Lorca, A.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Manteiga, M.
    CITIC, Department of Nautical Sciences and Marine Engineering, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, 15071, A Coruña, Spain.
    Marchal, O.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l’Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Marrese, P. M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center – ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Moitinho, A.
    CENTRA, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Edif. C8, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.
    Mora, A.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Muinonen, K.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland; Finnish Geospatial Research Institute FGI, Geodeetinrinne 2, 02430 Masala, Finland.
    Osborne, P.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Pancino, E.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy; Space Science Data Center – ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Pauwels, T.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Recio-Blanco, A.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Richards, P. J.
    STFC, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell, Didcot, OX11 0QX, UK.
    Riello, M.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Rimoldini, L.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Roegiers, T.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Siopis, C.
    Institut d’Astronomie et d’Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Smith, M.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Ulla, A.
    Applied Physics Department, Universidade de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain.
    Utrilla, E.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    van Leeuwen, M.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    van Reeven, W.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Abreu Aramburu, A.
    ATG Europe for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Accart, S.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Aerts, C.
    Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Aguando, J. J.
    Departmento de Inteligencia Artificial, UNED, c/ Juan del Rosal 16, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Ajaj, M.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Altavilla, G.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center – ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Álvarez, M. A.
    CITIC – Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, 15071, A Coruña, Spain.
    Álvarez Cid-Fuentes, J.
    Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) – Centro Nacional de Supercomputación, c/ Jordi Girona 29, Ed. Nexus II, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Alves, J.
    University of Vienna, Department of Astrophysics, Türkenschanzstraße 17, A1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Anderson, R. I.
    European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany.
    Anglada Varela, E.
    ATG Europe for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Antoja, T.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Audard, M.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Baines, D.
    Telespazio Vega UK Ltd for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Baker, S. G.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Balaguer-Núñez, L.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Balbinot, E.
    Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Balog, Z.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Barache, C.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l’Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Barbato, D.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Barros, M.
    CENTRA, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Edif. C8, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.
    Bartolomé, S.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Bassilana, J.-L.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Bauchet, N.
    IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.
    Baudesson-Stella, A.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Becciani, U.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bellazzini, M.
    INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Bernet, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Bertone, S.
    Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore MD, USA; GSFC – Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 698, 8800 Greenbelt Rd, 20771 MD Greenbelt, USA.
    Bianchi, L.
    EURIX S.r.l., Corso Vittorio Emanuele II 61, 10128 Torino, Italy.
    Blanco-Cuaresma, S.
    Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS 15, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
    Boch, T.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l’Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Bombrun, A.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Bossini, D.
    CAUP – Centro de Astrofisica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, Porto, Portugal.
    Bouquillon, S.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l’Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Bragaglia, A.
    INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Bramante, L.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche, 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Breedt, E.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Bressan, A.
    SISSA – Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy.
    Brouillet, N.
    Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Burlacu, A.
    Telespazio for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Busonero, D.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Butkevich, A. G.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Buzzi, R.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Caffau, E.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Cancelliere, R.
    University of Turin, Department of Computer Sciences, Corso Svizzera 185, 10149 Torino, Italy.
    Cánovas, H.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Cantat-Gaudin, T.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Carballo, R.
    Departmento de Matemática Aplicada y Ciencias de la Computación, Univ. de Cantabria, ETS Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Avda. de los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain.
    Carlucci, T.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l’Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Carnerero, M. I.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Casamiquela, L.
    Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Castellani, M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy.
    Castro-Ginard, A.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Castro Sampol, P.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Chaoul, L.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Charlot, P.
    Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Chemin, L.
    Centro de Astronomía – CITEVA, Universidad de Antofagasta, Avenida Angamos 601, Antofagasta 1270300, Chile.
    Chiavassa, A.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Cioni, M.-R. L.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Comoretto, G.
    Vera C Rubin Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA.
    Cornez, T.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Cowell, S.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Crifo, F.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Crosta, M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Crowley, C.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Dafonte, C.
    CITIC – Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, 15071, A Coruña, Spain.
    Dapergolas, A.
    National Observatory of Athens, I. Metaxa and Vas. Pavlou, Palaia Penteli, 15236 Athens, Greece.
    David, M.
    University of Antwerp, Onderzoeksgroep Toegepaste Wiskunde, Middelheimlaan 1, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
    David, P.
    IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.
    de Laverny, P.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    De Luise, F.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico d’Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy.
    De March, R.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche, 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    De Ridder, J.
    Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    de Souza, R.
    Instituto de Astronomia, Geofìsica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, 1226, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    de Teodoro, P.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    de Torres, A.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    del Peloso, E. F.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    del Pozo, E.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Delgado, A.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Delgado, H. E.
    Departmento de Inteligencia Artificial, UNED, c/ Juan del Rosal 16, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Delisle, J.-B.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Di Matteo, P.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Diakite, S.
    Mésocentre de calcul de Franche-Comté, Université de Franche-Comté, 16 route de Gray, 25030 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Diener, C.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Distefano, E.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Dolding, C.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Eappachen, D.
    SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584CA, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Edvardsson, B.
    Theoretical Astrophysics, Division of Astronomy and Space Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Enke, H.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Esquej, P.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Fabre, C.
    ATOS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Fabrizio, M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center – ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Faigler, S.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Fedorets, G.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland; Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK.
    Fernique, P.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l’Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France; Centre de Données Astronomique de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
    Fienga, A.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Géoazur, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France; IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.
    Figueras, F.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Fouron, C.
    Telespazio for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Fragkoudi, F.
    Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Straße 1, 85748 Garching, Germany.
    Fraile, E.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Franke, F.
    APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Gai, M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Garabato, D.
    CITIC – Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, 15071, A Coruña, Spain.
    Garcia-Gutierrez, A.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    García-Torres, M.
    Área de Lenguajes y Sistemas Informáticos, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Ctra. de Utrera, km 1. 41013, Sevilla, Spain.
    Garofalo, A.
    INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Gavras, P.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Gerlach, E.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Geyer, R.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Giacobbe, P.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Gilmore, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Girona, S.
    Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) – Centro Nacional de Supercomputación, c/ Jordi Girona 29, Ed. Nexus II, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Giuffrida, G.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy.
    Gomel, R.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Gomez, A.
    CITIC – Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, 15071, A Coruña, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Santamaria, I.
    CITIC – Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, 15071, A Coruña, Spain.
    González-Vidal, J. J.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Granvik, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Gutiérrez-Sánchez, R.
    Telespazio Vega UK Ltd for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Guy, L. P.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Vera C Rubin Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA; .
    Hauser, M.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany; TRUMPF Photonic Components GmbH, Lise-Meitner-Straße 13, 89081 Ulm, Germany.
    Haywood, M.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Helmi, A.
    Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Hidalgo, S. L.
    IAC – Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Láctea s/n, 38200 La Laguna S.C., Tenerife, Spain; Department of Astrophysics, University of La Laguna, Via Láctea s/n, 38200 La Laguna S.C., Tenerife, Spain.
    Hilger, T.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Hładczuk, N.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Hobbs, D.
    Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Holland, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Huckle, H. E.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Jasniewicz, G.
    Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, CNRS Université Montpellier, Place Eugène Bataillon, CC72, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France.
    Jonker, P. G.
    Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands; SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584CA, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Juaristi Campillo, J.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Julbe, F.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Karbevska, L.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Kervella, P.
    LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Khanna, S.
    Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Kochoska, A.
    Villanova University, Department of Astrophysics and Planetary Science, 800 E Lancaster Avenue, Villanova PA 19085, USA.
    Kontizas, M.
    Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15783 Athens, Greece.
    Kordopatis, G.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Korn, A. J.
    Observational Astrophysics, Division of Astronomy and Space Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, Z.
    Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands; SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584CA, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Kruszyńska, K.
    Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland.
    Lambert, S.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l’Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Lanza, A. F.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Lasne, Y.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Le Campion, J.-F
    Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Le Fustec, Y.
    Telespazio for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Lebreton, Y.
    LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; Université Rennes, CNRS, IPR (Institut de Physique de Rennes) - UMR 6251, 35000 Rennes, France.
    Lebzelter, T.
    University of Vienna, Department of Astrophysics, Türkenschanzstraße 17, A1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Leccia, S.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Leclerc, N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Lecoeur-Taibi, I.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Liao, S.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Licata, E.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Lindstrøm, H. E. P.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.
    Lister, T. A.
    Las Cumbres Observatory, 6740 Cortona Drive Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117, USA.
    Livanou, E.
    Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15783 Athens, Greece.
    Lobel, A.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Madrero Pardo, P.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Managau, S.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Mann, R. G.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Marchant, J. M.
    Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK.
    Marconi, M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Marcos Santos, M. M. S.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Marinoni, S.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center – ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Marocco, F.
    IPAC, Mail Code 100-22, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125, USA; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, M/S 169-327, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA.
    Marshall, D. J.
    IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, CNES, 9 Av. colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France.
    Martin Polo, L.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Martín-Fleitas, J. M.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Masip, A.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Massari, D.
    INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Mastrobuono-Battisti, A.
    Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Mazeh, T.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    McMillan, P. J.
    Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Messina, S.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Millar, N. R.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Mints, A.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Molina, D.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Molinaro, R.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Molnár, L.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; MTA CSFK Lendület Near-Field Cosmology Research Group, Konkoly Observatory, CSFK, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117, Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary.
    Montegriffo, P.
    INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Mor, R.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Morbidelli, R.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Morel, T.
    Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
    Morris, D.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Mulone, A. F.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche, 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Munoz, D.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Muraveva, T.
    INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Murphy, C. P.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Musella, I.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Noval, L.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Ordénovic, C.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Orrù, G.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche, 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Osinde, J.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Pagani, C.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.
    Pagano, I.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Palaversa, L.
    Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia; Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Palicio, P. A.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Panahi, A.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Pawlak, M.
    Institute of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic; Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland.
    Peñalosa Esteller, X.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Penttilä, A.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Piersimoni, A. M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico d’Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Pineau, F.-X.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l’Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Plachy, E.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; MTA CSFK Lendület Near-Field Cosmology Research Group, Konkoly Observatory, CSFK, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117, Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary.
    Plum, G.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Poggio, E.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Poretti, E.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (LC), Italy.
    Poujoulet, E.
    AKKA for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Prša, A.
    Villanova University, Department of Astrophysics and Planetary Science, 800 E Lancaster Avenue, Villanova PA 19085, USA.
    Pulone, L.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy.
    Racero, E.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain; Departmento de Física de la Tierra y Astrofísica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Ragaini, S.
    INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Rainer, M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Raiteri, C. M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Rambaux, N.
    IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.
    Ramos, P.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Ramos-Lerate, M.
    Vitrociset Belgium for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Re Fiorentin, P.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Regibo, S.
    Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Ripepi, V.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Riva, A.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Rixon, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Robichon, N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Robin, C.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Roelens, M.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Rohrbasser, L.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Romero-Gómez, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Rowell, N.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Royer, F.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Rybicki, K. A.
    Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland.
    Sadowski, G.
    Institut d’Astronomie et d’Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Sagristà Sellés, A.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Salgado, J.
    Telespazio Vega UK Ltd for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Salguero, E.
    ATG Europe for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Samaras, N.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Sanchez Gimenez, V.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Sanna, N.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Santoveña, R.
    CITIC – Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, 15071, A Coruña, Spain.
    Sarasso, M.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Sciacca, E.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Schultheis, M.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Segol, M.
    APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Segovia, J. C.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Ségransan, D.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Semeux, D.
    ATOS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Shahaf, S.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Siddiqui, H. I.
    Department of Astrophysical Sciences, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton University, Princeton NJ 08544, USA.
    Siebert, A.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l’Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France; Centre de Données Astronomique de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
    Siltala, L.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Slezak, E.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Solano, E.
    Departamento de Astrofísica, Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), ESA-ESAC. Camino Bajo del Castillo s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain.
    Solitro, F.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche, 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Souami, D.
    LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; naXys, University of Namur, Rempart de la Vierge, 5000 Namur, Belgium.
    Souchay, J.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l’Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Spagna, A.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Spoto, F.
    Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS 15, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
    Steele, I. A.
    Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK.
    Steidelmüller, H.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Stephenson, C. A.
    Telespazio Vega UK Ltd for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanizacion Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Süveges, M.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; EPFL – Ecole Polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Institute of Mathematics, Station 8 EPFL SB MATH SDS, Lausanne, Switzerland; Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Szabados, L.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Szegedi-Elek, E.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Taris, F.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l’Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Tauran, G.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Taylor, M. B.
    H H Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL, UK.
    Teixeira, R.
    Instituto de Astronomia, Geofìsica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, 1226, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Thuillot, W.
    IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.
    Tonello, N.
    Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) – Centro Nacional de Supercomputación, c/ Jordi Girona 29, Ed. Nexus II, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Torra, F.
    DAPCOM for Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Torra, J.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Turon, C.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Unger, N.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Vaillant, M.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    van Dillen, E.
    APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Vanel, O.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Vecchiato, A.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Viala, Y.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Vicente, D.
    Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) – Centro Nacional de Supercomputación, c/ Jordi Girona 29, Ed. Nexus II, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Voutsinas, S.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Weiler, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Wevers, T.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Wyrzykowski, Ł.
    Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland.
    Yoldas, A.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Yvard, P.
    APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Zhao, H.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Zorec, J.
    Sorbonne Université, CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis bd. Arago, 75014 Paris, France.
    Zucker, S.
    Porter School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Zurbach, C.
    Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Université Montpellier, Place Eugène Bataillon, CC72, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France.
    Zwitter, T.
    Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska ulica 19, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Gaia Early Data Release 3: The Gaia Catalogue of Nearby Stars2021In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 649, article id A6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims. We produce a clean and well-characterised catalogue of objects within 100 pc of the Sun from the Gaia Early Data Release 3. We characterise the catalogue through comparisons to the full data release, external catalogues, and simulations. We carry out a first analysis of the science that is possible with this sample to demonstrate its potential and best practices for its use.

    Methods. Theselection of objects within 100 pc from the full catalogue used selected training sets, machine-learning procedures, astrometric quantities, and solution quality indicators to determine a probability that the astrometric solution is reliable. The training set construction exploited the astrometric data, quality flags, and external photometry. For all candidates we calculated distance posterior probability densities using Bayesian procedures and mock catalogues to define priors. Any object with reliable astrometry and a non-zero probability of being within 100 pc is included in the catalogue.

    Results. We have produced a catalogue of 331 312 objects that we estimate contains at least 92% of stars of stellar type M9 within 100 pc of the Sun. We estimate that 9% of the stars in this catalogue probably lie outside 100 pc, but when the distance probability function is used, a correct treatment of this contamination is possible. We produced luminosity functions with a high signal-to-noise ratio for the main-sequence stars, giants, and white dwarfs. We examined in detail the Hyades cluster, the white dwarf population, and wide-binary systems and produced candidate lists for all three samples. We detected local manifestations of several streams, superclusters, and halo objects, in which we identified 12 members of Gaia Enceladus. We present the first direct parallaxes of five objects in multiple systems within 10 pc of the Sun.

    Conclusions. We provide the community with a large, well-characterised catalogue of objects in the solar neighbourhood. This is a primary benchmark for measuring and understanding fundamental parameters and descriptive functions in astronomy.

  • 52.
    Solin, O.
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Granvik, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Monitoring near-Earth-object discoveries for imminent impactors2018In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 616, article id A176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims. We present an automated system called NEORANGER that regularly computes asteroid-Earth impact probabilities for objects on the Minor Planet Center’s (MPC) Near-Earth-Object Confirmation Page (NEOCP) and sends out alerts of imminent impactors to registered users. In addition to potential Earth-impacting objects, NEORANGER also monitors for other types of interesting objects such as Earth’s natural temporarily-captured satellites.

    Methods. The system monitors the NEOCP for objects with new data and solves, for each object, the orbital inverse problem, which results in a sample of orbits that describes the, typically highly-nonlinear, orbital-element probability density function (PDF). The PDF is propagated forward in time for seven days and the impact probability is computed as the weighted fraction of the sample orbits that impact the Earth.

    Results. The system correctly predicts the then-imminent impacts of 2008 TC3 and 2014 AA based on the first data sets available. Using the same code and configuration we find that the impact probabilities for objects typically on the NEOCP, based on eight weeks of continuous operations, are always less than one in ten million, whereas simulated and real Earth-impacting asteroids always have an impact probability greater than 10% based on the first two tracklets available.

  • 53.
    Spoto, F.
    et al.
    Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange.
    Granvik, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Department of Physics, University of Helsinki.
    Zwitter, T.
    University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mathematics & Physics.
    Gaia Data Release 2: Observations of solar system objects2018In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 16, no A13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. The Gaia spacecraft of the European Space Agency (ESA) has been securing observations of solar system objects (SSOs) since the beginning of its operations. Data Release 2 (DR2) contains the observations of a selected sample of 14,099 SSOs. These asteroids have been already identified and have been numbered by the Minor Planet Center repository. Positions are provided for each Gaia observation at CCD level. As additional information, complementary to astrometry, the apparent brightness of SSOs in the unfiltered G band is also provided for selected observations. Aims. We explain the processing of SSO data, and describe the criteria we used to select the sample published in Gaia DR2. We then explore the data set to assess its quality. Methods. To exploit the main data product for the solar system in Gaia DR2, which is the epoch astrometry of asteroids, it is necessary to take into account the unusual properties of the uncertainty, as the position information is nearly one-dimensional. When this aspect is handled appropriately, an orbit fit can be obtained with post-fit residuals that are overall consistent with the a-priori error model that was used to define individual values of the astrometric uncertainty. The role of both random and systematic errors is described. The distribution of residuals allowed us to identify possible contaminants in the data set (such as stars). Photometry in the G band was compared to computed values from reference asteroid shapes and to the flux registered at the corresponding epochs by the red and blue photometers (RP and BP). Results. The overall astrometric performance is close to the expectations, with an optimal range of brightness G similar to 12 - 17. In this range, the typical transit-level accuracy is well below 1 mas. For fainter asteroids, the growing photon noise deteriorates the performance. Asteroids brighter than G similar to 12 are affected by a lower performance of the processing of their signals. The dramatic improvement brought by Gaia DR2 astrometry of SSOs is demonstrated by comparisons to the archive data and by preliminary tests on the detection of subtle non-gravitational effects.

  • 54.
    Trabucchi, M.
    et al.
    Department of Physics and Astronomy G. Galilei, University of Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy; Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Mowlavi, N.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Lebzelter, T.
    University of Vienna, Department of Astrophysics, Türkenschanzstraße 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Lecoeur-Taibi, I.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Audard, M.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Eyer, L.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    García-Lario, P.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Gavras, P.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Holl, B.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Jevardat De Fombelle, G.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Nienartowicz, K.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Sednai Sàrl, 1204 Geneva, Switzerland.
    Rimoldini, L.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Sartoretti, P.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Blomme, R.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Frémat, Y.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Marchal, O.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Damerdji, Y.
    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium; CRAAG-Centre de Recherche en Astronomie, Astrophysique et Géophysique, Route de l'Observatoire, BP 63, Bouzareah 16340, Algiers, Algeria.
    Brown, A. G.A.
    Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Guerrier, A.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Panuzzo, P.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Katz, D.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Seabroke, G. M.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Benson, K.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Haigron, R.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Smith, M.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Lobel, A.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Vallenari, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Prusti, T.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    De Bruijne, J. H.J.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Arenou, F.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Babusiaux, C.
    Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France.
    Barbier, A.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Biermann, M.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Creevey, O. L.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Ducourant, C.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Evans, D. W.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Guerra, R.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Hutton, A.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Jordi, C.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Klioner, S. A.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Lammers, U.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Lindegren, L.
    Lund Observatory, Division of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Luri, X.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Mignard, F.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Randich, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Smiljanic, R.
    Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland.
    Tanga, P.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Walton, N. A.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Bailer-Jones, C. A.L.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Bastian, U.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Cropper, M.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Drimmel, R.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Lattanzi, M. G.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; University of Turin, Department of Physics, Via Pietro Giuria 1, 10125 Torino, Italy.
    Soubiran, C.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Van Leeuwen, F.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Bakker, J.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Castañeda, J.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; DAPCOM Data Services, c. dels Vilabella 5-7, 80500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain.
    De Angeli, F.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Fabricius, C.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Fouesneau, M.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Galluccio, L.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Masana, E.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Messineo, R.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Nicolas, C.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Pailler, F.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Riclet, F.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Roux, W.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Sordo, R.
    INAF-Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Thévenin, F.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Gracia-Abril, G.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; Gaia DPAC Project Office, ESAC, Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Portell, J.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Teyssier, D.
    Telespazio UK S.L. for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Altmann, M.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France.
    Berthier, J.
    IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.
    Burgess, P. W.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Busonero, D.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Busso, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Cánovas, H.
    Telespazio UK S.L. for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Carry, B.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Cheek, N.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Clementini, G.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Davidson, M.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    De Teodoro, P.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Delchambre, L.
    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
    Dell'oro, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Fraile Garcia, E.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Garabato, D.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña, 15071, Spain.
    Garralda Torres, N.
    ATG Europe for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Hambly, N. C.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Harrison, D. L.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Kavli Institute for Cosmology Cambridge, Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Hatzidimitriou, D.
    Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15783 Athens, Greece.
    Hernández, J.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Hodgkin, S. T.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Jamal, S.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Jordan, S.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Krone-Martins, A.
    Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA; CENTRA, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Edif. C8, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.
    Lanzafame, A. C.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia "Ettore Majorana", Università di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Löffler, W.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Lorca, A.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Marrese, P. M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Moitinho, A.
    CENTRA, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Edif. C8, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.
    Muinonen, K.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland; Finnish Geospatial Research Institute FGI, Vuorimiehentie 5, 02150 Espoo, Finland.
    Nuñez Campos, M.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Oreshina-Slezak, I.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Osborne, P.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Pancino, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Pauwels, T.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Recio-Blanco, A.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Riello, M.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Robin, A. C.
    Institut UTINAM CNRS UMR6213, Université de Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté Bourgogne, Observatoire de Besançon, BP1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Roegiers, T.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Sarro, L. M.
    Dpto. de Inteligencia Artificial, UNED, c/ Juan del Rosal 16, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Schultheis, M.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Siopis, C.
    Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Sozzetti, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Utrilla, E.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Van Leeuwen, M.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Weingrill, K.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Abbas, U.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Ábrahám, P.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117, Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary.
    Abreu Aramburu, A.
    ATG Europe for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Aerts, C.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany; Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Altavilla, G.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Álvarez, M. A.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña, 15071, Spain.
    Alves, J.
    University of Vienna, Department of Astrophysics, Türkenschanzstraße 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Anders, F.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Anderson, R. I.
    Institute of Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire de Sauverny, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Antoja, T.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Baines, D.
    Quasar Science Resources for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Baker, S. G.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Balog, Z.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Barache, C.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France.
    Barbato, D.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Barros, M.
    LASIGE, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Edif. C6, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.
    Barstow, M. A.
    School of Physics Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.
    Bartolomé, S.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Bashi, D.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel; Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK.
    Bauchet, N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Baudeau, N.
    Telespazio for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Becciani, U.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bedin, L. R.
    INAF-Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Bellas-Velidis, I.
    National Observatory of Athens, I. Metaxa and Vas. Pavlou, Palaia Penteli, 15236 Athens, Greece.
    Bellazzini, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Beordo, W.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; University of Turin, Department of Physics, Via Pietro Giuria 1, 10125 Torino, Italy.
    Berihuete, A.
    Depto. Estadística e Investigación Operativa. Universidad de Cádiz, Avda. República Saharaui s/n, 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain.
    Bernet, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Bertolotto, C.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Bertone, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Bianchi, L.
    EURIX S.r.l., Corso Vittorio Emanuele II 61, 10128 Torino, Italy.
    Binnenfeld, A.
    Porter School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Blazere, A.
    ATOS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Boch, T.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Bombrun, A.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Bouquillon, S.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France; LFCA/DAS, Universidad de Chile, CNRS, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile.
    Bragaglia, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Braine, J.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Bramante, L.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Breedt, E.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Bressan, A.
    SISSA-Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy.
    Brouillet, N.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Brugaletta, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bucciarelli, B.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; University of Turin, Department of Physics, Via Pietro Giuria 1, 10125 Torino, Italy.
    Butkevich, A. G.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Buzzi, R.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Caffau, E.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Cancelliere, R.
    University of Turin, Department of Computer Sciences, Corso Svizzera 185, 10149 Torino, Italy.
    Cannizzo, S.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Carballo, R.
    Dpto. de Matemática Aplicada y Ciencias de la Computación, Univ. de Cantabria, ETS Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Avda. de los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain.
    Carlucci, T.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France.
    Carnerero, M. I.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Carrasco, J. M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Carretero, J.
    Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain; Port d'Informació Científica (PIC), Campus UAB, C. Albareda s/n, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain.
    Carton, S.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Casamiquela, L.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Castellani, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy.
    Castro-Ginard, A.
    Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Cesare, V.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Charlot, P.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Chemin, L.
    Instituto de Astrofísica, Universidad Andres Bello, Fernandez Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago RM, Chile.
    Chiaramida, V.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Chiavassa, A.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Chornay, N.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Collins, R.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Contursi, G.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Cooper, W. J.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, AL10 9AB, Hatfield, UK.
    Cornez, T.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Crosta, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; University of Turin, Mathematical Department "G. Peano", Via Carlo Alberto 10, 10123 Torino, Italy.
    Crowley, C.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Dafonte, C.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña, 15071, Spain.
    David, M.
    University of Antwerp, Onderzoeksgroep Toegepaste Wiskunde, Middelheimlaan 1, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
    De Laverny, P.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    De Luise, F.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico d'Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy.
    De March, R.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    De Ridder, J.
    Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    De Souza, R.
    Instituto de Astronomia, Geofìsica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    De Torres, A.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Del Peloso, E. F.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Delbo, M.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Delgado, A.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Dharmawardena, T. E.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Diakite, S.
    Mésocentre de calcul de Franche-Comté, Université de Franche-Comté, 16 route de Gray, 25030 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Diener, C.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Distefano, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Dolding, C.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Dsilva, K.
    Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Durán, J.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Enke, H.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Esquej, P.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Fabre, C.
    ATOS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Fabrizio, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Faigler, S.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Fatović, M.
    Ruder BoškovićInstitute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
    Fedorets, G.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland; Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK.
    Fernández-Hernández, J.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Fernique, P.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Figueras, F.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Fournier, Y.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Fouron, C.
    Telespazio for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Gai, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Galinier, M.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Garcia-Gutierrez, A.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    García-Torres, M.
    Data Science and Big Data Lab, Pablo de Olavide University, 41013 Seville, Spain.
    Garofalo, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Gerlach, E.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Geyer, R.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Giacobbe, P.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Gilmore, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Institute of Astrophysics, FORTH, Crete, Greece.
    Girona, S.
    Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Plaça Eusebi Güell 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Giuffrida, G.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy.
    Gomel, R.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Gomez, A.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña, 15071, Spain.
    González-Núñez, J.
    ETSE Telecomunicación, Universidade de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36310 Vigo, Galicia, Spain.
    González-Santamaría, I.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña, 15071, Spain.
    Gosset, E.
    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium; F.R.S.-FNRS, Rue d'Egmont 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Granvik, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Gregori Barrera, V.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Gutiérrez-Sánchez, R.
    Telespazio UK S.L. for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Haywood, M.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Helmer, A.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Helmi, A.
    Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Henares, K.
    Quasar Science Resources for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Hidalgo, S. L.
    IAC-Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Láctea s/n, 38200 La Laguna S.C., Tenerife, Spain; Department of Astrophysics, University of La Laguna, Via Láctea s/n, 38200 La Laguna S.C., Tenerife, Spain.
    Hilger, T.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Hobbs, D.
    Lund Observatory, Division of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Hottier, C.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Huckle, H. E.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Jabłońska, M.
    Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland; Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Australian National University, Cotter Road, Weston, ACT 2611, Australia.
    Jansen, F.
    European Space Agency (ESA retired), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Jiménez-Arranz, Ó.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Juaristi Campillo, J.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Khanna, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Kordopatis, G.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Kóspál, Á.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany; Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117, Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary.
    Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, Z.
    Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Kun, M.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Lambert, S.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France.
    Lanza, A. F.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Le Campion, J. F.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Lebreton, Y.
    LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; Université Rennes, CNRS, IPR (Institut de Physique de Rennes)-UMR 6251, 35000 Rennes, France.
    Leccia, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Lecoutre, G.
    Institut UTINAM CNRS UMR6213, Université de Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté Bourgogne, Observatoire de Besançon, BP1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Liao, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, PR China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19(A) Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100049, PR China.
    Liberato, L.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France; São Paulo State University, Grupo de Dinâmica Orbital e Planetologia, CEP 12516-410, Guaratinguetá, SP, Brazil.
    Licata, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Lindstrøm, H. E.P.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen ø, Denmark; DXC Technology, Retortvej 8, 2500 Valby, Denmark.
    Lister, T. A.
    Las Cumbres Observatory, 6740 Cortona Drive Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117, USA.
    Livanou, E.
    Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15783 Athens, Greece.
    Loup, C.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Mahy, L.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Mann, R. G.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Manteiga, M.
    CIGUS CITIC, Department of Nautical Sciences and Marine Engineering, University of A Coruña, Paseo de Ronda 51, 15071, A Coruña, Spain.
    Marchant, J. M.
    Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK.
    Marconi, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Marín Pina, D.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Marinoni, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Marshall, D. J.
    IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, CNES, 9 Av. colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France.
    Martín Lozano, J.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Martín-Fleitas, J. M.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Marton, G.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Mary, N.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Masip, A.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Massari, D.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Mastrobuono-Battisti, A.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Mazeh, T.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    McMillan, P. J.
    Lund Observatory, Division of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Meichsner, J.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Messina, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Michalik, D.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Millar, N. R.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Mints, A.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Molina, D.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Molinaro, R.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Molnár, L.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117, Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary; MTA CSFK Lendület Near-Field Cosmology Research Group, Konkoly Observatory, MTA Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Monari, G.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Monguió, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Montegriffo, P.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Montero, A.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Mor, R.
    Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Pervasive Technologies s.l., c. Saragossa 118, 08006 Barcelona, Spain.
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    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Morel, T.
    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
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    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
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    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
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    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Murphy, C. P.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Musella, I.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Nagy, Z.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Nieto, S.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
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    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
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    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Pagani, C.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.
    Pagano, I.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Palaversa, L.
    Ruder BoškovićInstitute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
    Palicio, P. A.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
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    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña, 15071, Spain.
    Panahi, A.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
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    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Payne-Wardenaar, S.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Pegoraro, L.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Penttilä, A.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Pesciullesi, P.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Piersimoni, A. M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico d'Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Pinamonti, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Pineau, F. X.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Plachy, E.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117, Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary; MTA CSFK Lendület Near-Field Cosmology Research Group, Konkoly Observatory, MTA Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Plum, G.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Poggio, E.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France; INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Pourbaix, D.
    Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium; F.R.S.-FNRS, Rue d'Egmont 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Prša, A.
    Villanova University, Department of Astrophysics and Planetary Science, 800 E Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA.
    Pulone, L.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy.
    Racero, E.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain; Departmento de Física de la Tierra y Astrofísica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Rainer, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy; INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi, 46, 23807 Merate (LC), Italy.
    Raiteri, C. M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Ramos, P.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan.
    Ramos-Lerate, M.
    Telespazio UK S.L. for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Ratajczak, M.
    Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland.
    Re Fiorentin, P.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Regibo, S.
    Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Reylé, C.
    Institut UTINAM CNRS UMR6213, Université de Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté Bourgogne, Observatoire de Besançon, BP1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Ripepi, V.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131, Napoli, Italy.
    Riva, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Rix, H. W.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Rixon, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Robichon, N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Robin, C.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Romero-Gómez, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Rowell, N.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Royer, F.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Ruz Mieres, D.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Rybicki, K. A.
    Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.
    Sadowski, G.
    Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Sáez Núñez, A.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Sagristà Sellés, A.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Sahlmann, J.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Sanchez Gimenez, V.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Sanna, N.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Santoveña, R.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña, 15071, Spain.
    Sarasso, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Sarrate Riera, C.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; DAPCOM Data Services, c. dels Vilabella 5-7, 80500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain.
    Sciacca, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Segovia, J. C.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Ségransan, D.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Shahaf, S.
    Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.
    Siebert, A.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France; Centre de Données Astronomique de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
    Siltala, L.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Slezak, E.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Smart, R. L.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, AL10 9AB, Hatfield, UK.
    Snaith, O. N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; University of Exeter, School of Physics and Astronomy, Stocker Road, Exeter EX2 7SJ, UK.
    Solano, E.
    Departamento de Astrofísica, Centro de Astrobiología (CSICINTA), ESA-ESAC. Camino Bajo del Castillo s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain.
    Solitro, F.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Souami, D.
    LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; naXys, Department of Mathematics, University of Namur, Rue de Bruxelles 61, 5000 Namur, Belgium.
    Souchay, J.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France.
    Spina, L.
    INAF-Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Spitoni, E.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France; INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy.
    Spoto, F.
    Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS 15, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
    Squillante, L. A.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Steele, I. A.
    Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK.
    Steidelmüller, H.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Surdej, J.
    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
    Szabados, L.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Taris, F.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France.
    Taylor, M. B.
    H H Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL, UK.
    Teixeira, R.
    Instituto de Astronomia, Geofìsica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Tisanić, K.
    Ruder BoškovićInstitute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
    Tolomei, L.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Torra, F.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; DAPCOM Data Services, c. dels Vilabella 5-7, 80500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain.
    Torralba Elipe, G.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña, 15071, Spain; Escuela de Arquitectura y Politécnica-Universidad Europea de Valencia, Spain; Escuela Superior de Ingeniería y Tecnología-Universidad Internacional de la Rioja, Spain.
    Tsantaki, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Ulla, A.
    Applied Physics Department, Universidade de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain; Instituto de Física e Ciencias Aeroespaciais (IFCAE), Universidade de Vigo, Á Campus de As Lagoas, 32004 Ourense, Spain.
    Unger, N.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Vanel, O.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Vecchiato, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Vicente, D.
    Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Plaça Eusebi Güell 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Voutsinas, S.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Weiler, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Wyrzykowski, Ł.
    Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland.
    Zhao, H.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France; Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210023, PR China.
    Zorec, J.
    Sorbonne Université, CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis bd. Arago, 75014 Paris, France.
    Zwitter, T.
    Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska ulica 19, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Balaguer-Nunez, L.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Leclerc, N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Morgenthaler, S.
    Institute of Mathematics, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland.
    Robert, G.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Édouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Zucker, S.
    Porter School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Gaia Focused Product Release: Radial velocity time series of long-period variables2023In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 680, article id A36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. The third Gaia Data Release (DR3) provided photometric time series of more than 2 million long-period variable (LPV) candidates. Anticipating the publication of full radial-velocity data planned with Data Release 4, this Focused Product Release (FPR) provides radial-velocity time series for a selection of LPV candidates with high-quality observations.

    Aims. We describe the production and content of the Gaia catalog of LPV radial-velocity time series, and the methods used to compute the variability parameters published as part of the Gaia FPR.

    Methods. Starting from the DR3 catalog of LPV candidates, we applied several filters to construct a sample of sources with high-quality radial-velocity measurements. We modeled their radial-velocity and photometric time series to derive their periods and amplitudes, and further refined the sample by requiring compatibility between the radial-velocity period and at least one of the G, GBP, or GRP photometric periods.

    Results. The catalog includes radial-velocity time series and variability parameters for 9614 sources in the magnitude range 6 ≲ G/mag ≲ 14, including a flagged top-quality subsample of 6093 stars whose radial-velocity periods are fully compatible with the values derived from the G, GBP, and GRP photometric time series. The radial-velocity time series contain a mean of 24 measurements per source taken unevenly over a duration of about three years. We identify the great majority of the sources (88%) as genuine LPV candidates, with about half of them showing a pulsation period and the other half displaying a long secondary period. The remaining 12% of the catalog consists of candidate ellipsoidal binaries. Quality checks against radial velocities available in the literature show excellent agreement. We provide some illustrative examples and cautionary remarks.

    Conclusions. The publication of radial-velocity time series for almost ten thousand LPV candidates constitutes, by far, the largest such database available to date in the literature. The availability of simultaneous photometric measurements gives a unique added value to the Gaia catalog.

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  • 55.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
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    European Space Agcy ESA, European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
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    European Space Agcy ESA, European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
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    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
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    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, F-38000 Grenoble, France.
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    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
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    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
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    Univ Bordeaux, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
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    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
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    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Hutton, A.
    Aurora Technol European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Jordi, C.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Klioner, S. A.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
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    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Lindegren, L.
    Lund Univ, Lund Observ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
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    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
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    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
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    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Pourbaix, D.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium; FNRS, FRS, Rue Egmont 5, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Randich, S.
    INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Sartoretti, P.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Soubiran, C.
    Univ Bordeaux, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Tanga, P.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Walton, N. A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Bailer-Jones, C. A. L.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Bastian, U.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Drimmel, R.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Jansen, F.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Noordwijk, Netherlands.
    Katz, D.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Lattanzi, M. G.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy; Univ Turin, Dept Phys, Via Pietro Giuria 1, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    vanLeeuwen, F.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Bakker, J.
    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Cacciari, C.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Castaneda, J.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, DAPCOM Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    De Angeli, F.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Fabricius, C.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Fouesneau, M.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Fremat, Y.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Galluccio, L.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Guerrier, A.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Heiter, U.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Div Astron & Space Phys, Observat Astrophys, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Masana, E.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Messineo, R.
    ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Mowlavi, N.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Nicolas, C.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Nienartowicz, K.
    Sednai Sarl, Geneva, Switzerland; Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Pailler, F.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Panuzzo, P.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Riclet, F.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Roux, W.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Seabroke, G. M.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Sordo, R.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Thevenin, F.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Gracia-Abril, G.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany; ESAC, Gaia DPAC Project Off, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Portell, J.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Teyssier, D.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Telespazio UK SL, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Altmann, M.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany; Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE,Observ Paris,LNE, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Andrae, R.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Audard, M.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Bellas-Velidis, I.
    Natl Observ Athens, Athens 15236, Greece.
    Benson, K.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Berthier, J.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, IMCCE,Observ Paris,CNRS, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Blomme, R.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Burgess, P. W.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Busonero, D.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Busso, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Canovas, H.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Telespazio UK SL, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Carry, B.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Cellino, A.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Cheek, N.
    Serco Gest Negocios European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Clementini, G.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Damerdji, Y.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium; CRAAG, Route Observ Bp 63 Bouzareah, Algiers 16340, Algeria.
    Davidson, M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Deteodoro, P.
    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Campos, M. Nunez
    Aurora Technol European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Delchambre, L.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Dell'Oro, A.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
    Esquej, P.
    RHEA European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Fernandez-Hernandez, J.
    ATG Europe European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Fraile, E.
    RHEA European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Garabato, D.
    Univ A Coruna, CIGUS CITIC, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Garcia-Lario, P.
    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Gosset, E.
    FNRS, FRS, Rue Egmont 5, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium; Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Haigron, R.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Halbwachs, J. -L.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Hambly, N. C.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Harrison, D. L.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England; Inst Astron, Kavli Inst Cosmol Cambridge, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Hernandez, J.
    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Hestroffer, D.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, IMCCE,Observ Paris,CNRS, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Hodgkin, S. T.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Holl, B.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Janssen, K.
    Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    deFombelle, G. Jevardat
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Jordan, S.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Krone-Martins, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, CENTRA, Edif C8, PL-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal; Univ Calif Irvine, Donald Bren Sch Informat & Comp Sci, Dept Informat, 5226 Donald Bren Hall, Irvine, CA 92697 USA.
    Lanzafame, A. C.
    Osserv Astrofis Catania, INAF, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy; Univ Catania, Dipartimento Fis & Astron Ettore Majorana, Via S Sofia 64, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Loeffler, W.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Marchal, O.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Marrese, P. M.
    Osserv Astron Roma, INAF, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy; ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, Rome, Italy.
    Moitinho, A.
    Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, CENTRA, Edif C8, PL-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Muinonen, K.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, Helsinki 00014, Finland; Finnish Geospatial Res Inst FGI, Geodeetinrinne 2, Masala 02430, Finland.
    Osborne, P.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Pancino, E.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy; ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, Rome, Italy.
    Pauwels, T.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Recio-Blanco, A.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Reyle, C.
    Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, UMR6213, Inst UTINAM,OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne,Obs, BP1615, F-25010 Besancon, France.
    Riello, M.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Rimoldini, L.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Roegiers, T.
    HE Space Operat BV European Space Agcy ESA, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
    Rybizki, J.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Sarro, L. M.
    UNED, Dept Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan del Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Siopis, C.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Smith, M.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Sozzetti, A.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Utrilla, E.
    Aurora Technol European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    vanLeeuwen, M.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Abbas, U.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Abraham, P.
    Eotvos Lorand Res Network ELKH, MTA Ctr Excellence, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary; Eotvos Lorand Univ, Inst Phys, Pazmany Peter Setany 1A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary.
    Aramburu, A. Abreu
    ATG Europe European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Aerts, C.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany; Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium; Radboud Univ Nijmegen, IMAPP, Dept Astrophys, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Aguado, J. J.
    UNED, Dept Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan del Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Ajaj, M.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Aldea-Montero, F.
    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Altavilla, G.
    Osserv Astron Roma, INAF, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy; ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, Rome, Italy.
    Alvarez, M. A.
    Univ A Coruna, CIGUS CITIC, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Alves, J.
    Univ Vienna, Dept Astrophys, Turkenschanzstr 17, A-1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Anders, F.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Anderson, R. I.
    EPFL, Astrophys Lab, Inst Phys, Observ Sauverny, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Varela, E. Anglada
    ATG Europe European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Antoja, T.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Baines, D.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Telespazio UK SL, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Baker, S. G.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Balaguer-Nunez, L.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Balbinot, E.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Balog, Z.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany; Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Barache, C.
    Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE,Observ Paris,LNE, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Barbato, D.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Barros, M.
    Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, CENTRA, Edif C8, PL-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Barstow, M. A.
    Univ Leicester, Space Pk Leicester, Sch Phys & Astron, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England.
    Bartolome, S.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Bassilana, J. -L.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Bauchet, N.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Becciani, U.
    Osserv Astrofis Catania, INAF, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bellazzini, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Berihuete, A.
    Univ Cadiz, Dept Estadist & Invest Operat, Avda Republ Saharaui S-N, Cadiz 11510, Spain.
    Bernet, M.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Bertone, S.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy; Univ Maryland Baltimore Cty, Ctr Res & Explorat Space Sci & Technol, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21228 USA; Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Code 698,8800 Greenbelt Rd, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.
    Bianchi, L.
    EURIX Srl, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II 61, I-10128 Turin, Italy.
    Binnenfeld, A.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Porter Sch Environm & Earth Sci, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Blanco-Cuaresma, S.
    Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St,MS 15, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.
    Blazere, A.
    ATOS CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Boch, T.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Bombrun, A.
    HE Space Operat BV European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Bossini, D.
    Univ Porto, Inst Astrofis & Ciencias Espaco, CAUP, Rua Estrelas, P-4150762 Porto, Portugal.
    Bouquillon, S.
    Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE,Observ Paris,LNE, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France; Univ Chile, DAS, LFCA, CNRS, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile.
    Bragaglia, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Bramante, L.
    ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Breedt, E.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Bressan, A.
    SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste, Italy.
    Brouillet, N.
    Univ Bordeaux, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Brugaletta, E.
    Osserv Astrofis Catania, INAF, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bucciarelli, B.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy; Univ Turin, Dept Phys, Via Pietro Giuria 1, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Burlacu, A.
    Telespazio CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Butkevich, A. G.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Buzzi, R.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Caffau, E.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Cancelliere, R.
    Univ Turin, Dept Comp Sci, Corso Svizzera 185, I-10149 Turin, Italy.
    Cantat-Gaudin, T.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain; Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Carballo, R.
    Univ Cantabria, Dept Matemat Aplicada & Ciencias Computac, ETS Ingenieros Caminos Canales & Puertos, Avda Castros S-N, Santander 39005, Spain.
    Carlucci, T.
    Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE,Observ Paris,LNE, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Carnerero, M. I.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Carrasco, J. M.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Casamiquela, L.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; Univ Bordeaux, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Castellani, M.
    Osserv Astron Roma, INAF, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy.
    Castro-Ginard, A.
    Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
    Chaoul, L.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Charlot, P.
    Univ Bordeaux, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Chemin, L.
    Univ Antofagasta, Ctr Astron CITEVA, Ave Angamos 601, Antofagasta 1270300, Chile.
    Chiaramida, V.
    ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Chiavassa, A.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Chornay, N.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Comoretto, G.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Telespazio UK SL, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain; DLR Gesell Raumfahrtanwendungen GfR, MbH Munchener Str 20, D-82234 Wessling, Germany.
    Contursi, G.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Cooper, W. J.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy; Univ Hertfordshire, Ctr Astrophys Res, Coll Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB, Herts, England.
    Cornez, T.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Cowell, S.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Crifo, F.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Cropper, M.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Crosta, M.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy; Univ Turin, Math Dept G Peano, Via Carlo Alberto 10, I-10123 Turin, Italy.
    Crowley, C.
    HE Space Operat BV European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Dafonte, C.
    Univ A Coruna, CIGUS CITIC, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Dapergolas, A.
    Natl Observ Athens, Athens 15236, Greece.
    David, M.
    Univ Antwerp, Onderzoeksgrp Toegepaste Wiskunde, Middelheimlaan 1, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
    David, P.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, IMCCE,Observ Paris,CNRS, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    deLaverny, P.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    DeLuise, F.
    Osservatorio Astron Abruzzo, INAF, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    DeMarch, R.
    ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    DeRidder, J.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    deSouza, R.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao,1226,Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    deTorres, A.
    HE Space Operat BV European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    del Peloso, E. F.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    delPozo, E.
    Aurora Technol European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Delbo, M.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Delgado, A.
    RHEA European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Delisle, J. -B.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Demouchy, C.
    APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Dharmawardena, T. E.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Di Matteo, P.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Diakite, S.
    Univ Franche Comte, Mesoctr Calcul Franche Comte, 16 Route Gray, F-25030 Besancon, France.
    Diener, C.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Distefano, E.
    Osserv Astrofis Catania, INAF, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Dolding, C.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Edvardsson, B.
    Uppsala Univ, Theoret Astrophys, Div Astron & Space Phys, Dept Phys & Astron, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Enke, H.
    Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Fabre, C.
    ATOS CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Fabrizio, M.
    Osserv Astron Roma, INAF, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy; ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, Rome, Italy.
    Faigler, S.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Fedorets, G.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, Helsinki 00014, Finland; Queens Univ Belfast, Sch Math & Phys, Astrophys Res Ctr, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland.
    Fernique, P.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France; Observ Strasbourg, Ctr Donnees Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Fienga, A.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, IMCCE,Observ Paris,CNRS, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France; Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Geoazur, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Figueras, F.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Fournier, Y.
    Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Fouron, C.
    Telespazio CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Fragkoudi, F.
    Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Inst Computat Cosmol, Durham DH1 3LE, England; European Southern Observ, Karl Schwarzschild Str 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Max Planck Inst Astrophys, Karl Schwarzschild Str 1, D-85748 Garching, Germany.
    Gai, M.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Garcia-Gutierrez, A.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Garcia-Reinaldos, M.
    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Garcia-Torres, M.
    Pablo de Olavide Univ, Data Sci & Big Data Lab, Seville 41013, Spain.
    Garofalo, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Gavel, A.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Div Astron & Space Phys, Observat Astrophys, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gavras, P.
    RHEA European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Gerlach, E.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Geyer, R.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Giacobbe, P.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Gilmore, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Girona, S.
    BSC, Placa Eusebi Guell 1-3, Barcelona 08034, Spain.
    Rida, G. Giu Ff
    Osserv Astron Roma, INAF, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy.
    Gomel, R.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Gomez, A.
    Univ A Coruna, CIGUS CITIC, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Nunez, J.
    Serco Gest Negocios European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain; Univ Vigo, ETSE Telecomunicac, Campus Lagoas Marcosende, Vigo 36310, Galicia, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Santamaria, I.
    Univ A Coruna, CIGUS CITIC, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Vidal, J. J.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Granvik, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64 00014 Helsinki, Finland .
    Guillout, P.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Guiraud, J.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Gutierrez-Sanchez, R.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Telespazio UK SL, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Guy, L. P.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Vera C Rubin Observ, 950 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85719 USA.
    Hatzidimitriou, D.
    Natl Observ Athens, Athens 15236, Greece; Natl & Kapodistrian Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Hauser, M.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany; TRUMPF Photon Components GmbH, Lise Meitner Str 13, D-89081 Ulm, Germany.
    Haywood, M.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Helmer, A.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Helmi, A.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Sarmiento, M. H.
    Aurora Technol European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Hidalgo, S. L.
    IAC, Via Lactea S-N, La Laguna Sc 38200, Tenerife, Spain; Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrophys, Via Lactea S-N, La Laguna Sc 38200, Tenerife, Spain.
    Hilger, T.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Hladczuk, N.
    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain; Delft Univ Technol, Fac Aerosp Engn, Kluyverweg 1, NL-2629 HS Delft, Netherlands.
    Hobbs, D.
    Lund Univ, Lund Observ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Holland, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Huckle, H. E.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Jardine, K.
    Radagast Solut, Simon Vestdijkpad 24, NL-2321 WD Leiden, Netherlands.
    Jasniewicz, G.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers & Particules Montpellier, CNRS, Pl Eugene Bataillon,CC72, F-34095 Montpellier 05, France.
    Piccolo, A. Jean-Antoine
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Jimenez-Arranz, O.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Jorissen, A.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Campillo, J. Juaristi
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Julbe, F.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Karbevska, L.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Univ Caen Normandie, Cote Nacre Blvd Marechal Juin, F-14032 Caen, France.
    Kervella, P.
    Univ Paris, Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, LESIA,Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Khanna, S.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy; Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Kontizas, M.
    Natl & Kapodistrian Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Kordopatis, G.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Korn, A. J.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Div Astron & Space Phys, Observat Astrophys, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kospal, A.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain; INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy; Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany; Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy; Eotvos Lorand Res Network ELKH, MTA Ctr Excellence, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary; Eotvos Lorand Univ, Inst Phys, Pazmany Peter Setany 1A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary.
    Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, Z.
    Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands; SRON Netherlands Inst Space Res, Niels Bohrweg 41, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
    Kruszynska, K.
    Univ Warsaw, Astron Observ, Al Ujazdowskie 4, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland.
    Kun, M.
    Eotvos Lorand Res Network ELKH, MTA Ctr Excellence, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Laizeau, P.
    Scalian CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Lambert, S.
    Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE,Observ Paris,LNE, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Lanza, A. F.
    Osserv Astrofis Catania, INAF, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Lasne, Y.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    LeCampion, J. -F.
    Univ Bordeaux, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Lebreton, Y.
    Univ Paris, Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, LESIA,Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; Univ Rennes, CNRS, UMR 6251, IPR, F-35000 Rennes, France.
    Lebzelter, T.
    Univ Vienna, Dept Astrophys, Turkenschanzstr 17, A-1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Leccia, S.
    Osserv Astron Capodimonte, INAF, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Leclerc, N.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Lecoeur-Taibi, I.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Liao, S.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy; Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, 80 Nandan Rd, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China; Univ Chinese Acad Sci, 19 A Yuquan Rd, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Licata, E. L.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Lindstrom, H. E. P.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy; Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark; DXC Technol, Retortvej 8, DK-2500 Valby, Denmark.
    Lister, T. A.
    Las Cumbres Observ, 6740 Cortona Dr,Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 USA.
    Livanou, E.
    Natl & Kapodistrian Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Lobel, A.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Lorca, A.
    Aurora Technol European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Loup, C.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    MadreroPardo, P.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    MagdalenoRomeo, A.
    Telespazio CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Managau, S.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Mann, R. G.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Manteiga, M.
    Univ A Coruna, Dept Naut Sci & Marine Engn, CIGUS CITIC, Paseo Ronda 51, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Marchant, J. M.
    Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, Merseyside, England.
    Marconi, M.
    Osserv Astron Capodimonte, INAF, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Marcos, J.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Telespazio UK SL, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    MarcosSantos, M. M. S.
    Serco Gest Negocios European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    MarinPina, D.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Marinoni, S.
    Osserv Astron Roma, INAF, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy; ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, Rome, Italy.
    Marocco, F.
    CALTECH, IPAC, Mail Code 100-22,1200 E Calif Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA.
    Marshall, D. J.
    Univ Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, IRAP,CNES, 9 Ave Colonel Roche,BP 44346, F-31028 Toulouse 4, France.
    Polo, L. Martin
    Serco Gest Negocios European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Martin-Fleitas, J. M.
    Aurora Technol European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Marton, G.
    Eotvos Lorand Res Network ELKH, MTA Ctr Excellence, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Mary, N.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Masip, A.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Massari, D.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Mastrobuono-Battisti, A.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Mazeh, T.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    McMillan, P. J.
    Lund Univ, Lund Observ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Messina, S.
    Osserv Astrofis Catania, INAF, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Michalik, D.
    European Space Agcy ESA, European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
    Millar, N. R.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Mints, A.
    Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Molina, D.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Molinaro, R.
    Osserv Astron Capodimonte, INAF, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Molnar, L.
    Eotvos Lorand Res Network ELKH, MTA Ctr Excellence, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary; Eotvos Lorand Univ, Inst Phys, Pazmany Peter Setany 1A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary; MTA Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Observ, MTA CSFK Lendulet Near Field Cosmol Res Grp, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Monari, G.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Monguio, M.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Montegriffo, P.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Montero, A.
    Aurora Technol European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Mor, R.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Mora, A.
    Aurora Technol European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Morbidelli, R.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Morel, T.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Morris, D.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Muraveva, T.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Murphy, C. P.
    ESA, ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Musella, I.
    Osserv Astron Capodimonte, INAF, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Nagy, Z.
    Eotvos Lorand Res Network ELKH, MTA Ctr Excellence, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Noval, L.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Ocana, F.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Telespazio UK SL, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain; Univ Complutense Madrid, Dept Fis Tierra & Astrofis, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Ogden, A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Ordenovic, C.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Osinde, J. O.
    RHEA European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Pagani, C.
    Univ Leicester, Space Pk Leicester, Sch Phys & Astron, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England.
    Pagano, I.
    Osserv Astrofis Catania, INAF, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Palaversa, L.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England; Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Bijenicka Cesta 54, Zagreb 10000, Croatia.
    Palicio, P. A.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Pallas-Quintela, L.
    Univ A Coruna, CIGUS CITIC, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Panahi, A.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Payne-Wardenaar, S.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Esteller, X. Penalosa
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Penttila, A.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, Helsinki 00014, Finland.
    Pichon, B.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Piersimoni, A. M.
    Osservatorio Astron Abruzzo, INAF, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Pineau, F. -X.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Plachy, E.
    Eotvos Lorand Res Network ELKH, MTA Ctr Excellence, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary; Eotvos Lorand Univ, Inst Phys, Pazmany Peter Setany 1A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary; MTA Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Observ, MTA CSFK Lendulet Near Field Cosmol Res Grp, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Plum, G.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Poggio, E.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France; Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Prsa, A.
    Villanova Univ, Dept Astrophys & Planetary Sci, 800 E Lancaster Ave, Villanova, PA 19085 USA.
    Pulone, L.
    Osserv Astron Roma, INAF, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy.
    Racero, E.
    Serco Gest Negocios European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain; Univ Complutense Madrid, Dept Fis Tierra & Astrofis, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Ragaini, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Rainer, M.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy; Osserv Astron Brera, INAF, Via E Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate, LC, Italy.
    Raiteri, C. M.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Rambaux, N.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, IMCCE,Observ Paris,CNRS, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Ramos, P.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain; Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Ramos-Lerate, M.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Telespazio UK SL, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    ReFiorentin, P.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Regibo, S.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Richards, P. J.
    STFC, Rutherford Appleton Lab, Harwell OX11 0QX, Didcot, England.
    Diaz, C. Rios
    RHEA European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Ripepi, V.
    Osserv Astron Capodimonte, INAF, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Riva, A.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Rix, H. -W.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Rixon, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Robichon, N.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Robin, A. C.
    Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, UMR6213, Inst UTINAM,OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne,Obs, BP1615, F-25010 Besancon, France.
    Robin, C.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Roelens, M.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Rogues, H. R. O.
    APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Rohrbasser, L.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Romero-Gomez, M.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Rowell, N.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Royer, F.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Mieres, D. Ruz
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Rybicki, K. A.
    Univ Warsaw, Astron Observ, Al Ujazdowskie 4, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland.
    Sadowski, G.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Nunez, A. Saez
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Selles, A. Sagrista
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Sahlmann, J.
    RHEA European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Salguero, E.
    ATG Europe European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Samaras, N.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium; Charles Univ Prague, Fac Math & Phys, Astron Inst, V Holesovickach 2, Prague 18000, Czech Republic.
    Gimenez, V. Sanchez
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Sanna, N.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
    Santovena, R.
    Univ A Coruna, CIGUS CITIC, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Sarasso, M.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Schultheis, M.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Sciacca, E.
    Osserv Astrofis Catania, INAF, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Segol, M.
    APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Segovia, J. C.
    Serco Gest Negocios European Space Agcy ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Segransan, D.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Semeux, D.
    ATOS CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Shahaf, S.
    Weizmann Inst Sci, Dept Particle Phys & Astrophys, IL-7610001 Rehovot, Israel.
    Siddiqui, H. I.
    Princeton Univ, Dept Astrophys Sci, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA.
    Siebert, A.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France; Observ Strasbourg, Ctr Donnees Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Siltala, L.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, Helsinki 00014, Finland.
    Silvelo, A.
    Univ A Coruna, CIGUS CITIC, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Slezak, E.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Slezak, I.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Smart, R. L.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Snaith, O. N.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Solano, E.
    ESA, ESAC, CSIC, Dept Astrofis,Ctr Astrobiol,INTA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Solitro, F.
    ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Souami, D.
    Univ Paris, Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, LESIA,Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; Univ Namur, NaXys, B-5000 Namur, Belgium.
    Souchay, J.
    Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE,Observ Paris,LNE, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Spagna, A.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Spina, L.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Spoto, F.
    Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St,MS 15, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.
    Steele, I. A.
    Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, Merseyside, England.
    Steidelmueller, H.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Stephenson, C. A.
    European Space Agcy ESA, Telespazio UK SL, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain; CGI Deutschland BV & Co KG, Mornewegstr 30, D-64293 Darmstadt, Germany.
    Suveges, M.
    Univ Geneva, Inst Global Hlth, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Surdej, J.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium; Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Astron Observ Inst, Fac Phys, Poznan, Poland.
    Szabados, L.
    Eotvos Lorand Res Network ELKH, MTA Ctr Excellence, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Szegedi-Elek, E.
    Eotvos Lorand Res Network ELKH, MTA Ctr Excellence, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Taris, F.
    Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE,Observ Paris,LNE, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Taylor, M. B.
    Univ Bristol, HH Wills Phys Lab, Tyndall Ave, Bristol BS8 1TL, Avon, England.
    Teixeira, R.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao,1226,Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Tolomei, L.
    ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Tonello, N.
    BSC, Placa Eusebi Guell 1-3, Barcelona 08034, Spain.
    Torra, F.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, DAPCOM Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Torra, J.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Elipe, G. Torralba
    Univ A Coruna, CIGUS CITIC, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Trabucchi, M.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Univ Padua, Dept Phys & Astron G Galilei, Vicolo Osservatorio 3, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Tsounis, A. T.
    CERN, Esplanade Particules 1,POB 1211, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Turon, C.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Ulla, A.
    Univ Vigo, Dept Appl Phys, Vigo 36310, Spain.
    Unger, N.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Pegasi 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Vaillant, M. V.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    van Dillen, E.
    APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    van Reeven, W.
    Assoc Univ Res Astron, 1331 Penn Ave NW, Washington, DC 20004 USA.
    Vanel, O.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Vecchiato, A.
    Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, INAF, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, TO, Italy.
    Viala, Y.
    Univ PSL, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Vicente, D.
    BSC, Placa Eusebi Guell 1-3, Barcelona 08034, Spain.
    Voutsinas, S.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Weiler, M.
    Univ Barcelona IEEC UB, Inst Ciencies Cosmos ICCUB, Marti i Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Wevers, T.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England; European Southern Observ, Alonso Cordova 3107,Casilla 19, Santiago, Chile.
    Wyrzykowski, L.
    Univ Warsaw, Astron Observ, Al Ujazdowskie 4, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland.
    Yoldas, A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Yvard, P.
    APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Zhao, H.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Zorec, J.
    Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, UMR7095, Inst Astrophys Paris, 98Bis Bd Arago, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Zucker, S.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Porter Sch Environm & Earth Sci, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Zwitter, T.
    Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math & Phys, Jadranska Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia.
    Gaia Data Release 3: Summary of the content and survey properties2023In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 674, article id A1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. We present the third data release of the European Space Agency's Gaia mission, Gaia DR3. This release includes a large variety of new data products, notably a much expanded radial velocity survey and a very extensive astrophysical characterisation of Gaia sources.

    Aims. We outline the content and the properties of Gaia DR3, providing an overview of the main improvements in the data processing in comparison with previous data releases (where applicable) and a brief discussion of the limitations of the data in this release.

    Methods. The Gaia DR3 catalogue is the outcome of the processing of raw data collected with the Gaia instruments during the first 34 months of the mission by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium.

    Results. The Gaia DR3 catalogue contains the same source list, celestial positions, proper motions, parallaxes, and broad band photometry in the G, GBP, and G(RP) pass-bands already present in the Early Third Data Release, Gaia EDR3. Gaia DR3 introduces an impressive wealth of new data products. More than 33 million objects in the ranges G(RVS) < 14 and 3100 < T-eff < 14 500, have new determinations of their mean radial velocities based on data collected by Gaia. We provide GRVS magnitudes for most sources with radial velocities, and a line broadening parameter is listed for a subset of these. Mean Gaia spectra are made available to the community. The Gaia DR3 catalogue includes about 1 million mean spectra from the radial velocity spectrometer, and about 220 million low-resolution blue and red prism photometer BP /RP mean spectra. The results of the analysis of epoch photometry are provided for some 10 million sources across 24 variability types. Gaia DR3 includes astrophysical parameters and source class probabilities for about 470 million and 1500 million sources, respectively, including stars, galaxies, and quasars. Orbital elements and trend parameters are provided for some 800 000 astrometric, spectroscopic and eclipsing binaries. More than 150 000 Solar System objects, including new discoveries, with preliminary orbital solutions and individual epoch observations are part of this release. Reflectance spectra derived from the epoch BP /RP spectral data are published for about 60 000 asteroids. Finally, an additional data set is provided, namely the Gaia Andromeda Photometric Survey, consisting of the photometric time series for all sources located in a 5:5 degree radius field centred on the Andromeda galaxy.

    Conclusions. This data release represents a major advance with respect to Gaia DR2 and Gaia EDR3 because of the unprecedented quantity, quality, and variety of source astrophysical data. To date this is the largest collection of all-sky spectrophotometry, radial velocities, variables, and astrophysical parameters derived from both low- and high-resolution spectra and includes a spectrophotometric and dynamical survey of SSOs of the highest accuracy. The non-single star content surpasses the existing data by orders of magnitude. The quasar host and galaxy light profile collection is the first such survey that is all sky and space based. The astrophysical information provided in Gaia DR3 will unleash the full potential of Gaia&apos;s exquisite astrometric, photometric, and radial velocity surveys.

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  • 56.
    Wedlund, Cyril Simon
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Behar, Etienne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Kallio, Esa
    Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland.
    Nilsson, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden.
    Alho, Markku
    Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland.
    Gunell, Herbert
    Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels, Belgium. Department of Physics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Bodewits, Dennis
    Physics Department, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.
    Beth, Arnaud
    Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London, UK.
    Gronoff, Guillaume
    Science Directorate, Chemistry & Dynamics Branch, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA. SSAI, Hampton, VA, USA.
    Hoekstra, Ronnie
    Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Solar wind charge exchange in cometary atmospheres: II. Analytical model2019In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 630, article id A36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. Solar wind charge-changing reactions are of paramount importance to the physico-chemistry of the atmosphere of a comet because they mass-load the solar wind through an effective conversion of fast, light solar wind ions into slow, heavy cometary ions. The ESA/Rosetta mission to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (67P) provided a unique opportunity to study charge-changing processes in situ.

    Aims. To understand the role of charge-changing reactions in the evolution of the solar wind plasma and to interpret the complex in situ measurements made by Rosetta, numerical or analytical models are necessary.

    Methods. An extended analytical formalism describing solar wind charge-changing processes at comets along solar wind streamlines is presented. It is based on a thorough book-keeping of available charge-changing cross sections of hydrogen and helium particles in a water gas.

    Results. After presenting a general 1D solution of charge exchange at comets, we study the theoretical dependence of charge-state distributions of (He2+, He+, He0) and (H+, H0, H) on solar wind parameters at comet 67P. We show that double charge exchange for the He2+−H2O system plays an important role below a solar wind bulk speed of 200 km s−1, resulting in the production of He energetic neutral atoms, whereas stripping reactions can in general be neglected. Retrievals of outgassing rates and solar wind upstream fluxes from local Rosetta measurements deep in the coma are discussed. Solar wind ion temperature effects at 400 km s−1 solar wind speed are well contained during the Rosetta mission.

    Conclusions. As the comet approaches perihelion, the model predicts a sharp decrease of solar wind ion fluxes by almost one order of magnitude at the location of Rosetta, forming in effect a solar wind ion cavity. This study is the second part of a series of three on solar wind charge-exchange and ionization processes at comets, with a specific application to comet 67P and the Rosetta mission.

  • 57.
    Wedlund, Cyril Simon
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Behar, Etienne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden.
    Alho, Markku
    Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland.
    Kallio, Esa
    Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland.
    Gunell, Herbert
    Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels, Belgium. Department of Physics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Bodewits, Dennis
    Physics Department, Auburn University, Auburn, USA.
    Heritier, Kevin
    Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London, UK.
    Galand, Marina
    Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London, UK.
    Beth, Arnaud
    Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London, UK.
    Rubin, Martin
    Space Research and Planetary Sciences, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Altwegg, Kathrin
    Space Research and Planetary Sciences, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Volwerk, Martin
    Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria.
    Gronoff, Guillaume
    Science directorate, Chemistry & Dynamics branch, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, USA. SSAI, Hampton, Virginia, USA.
    Hoekstra, Ronnie
    Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Solar wind charge exchange in cometary atmospheres: III. Results from the Rosetta mission to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko2019In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 630, article id A37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. Solar wind charge-changing reactions are of paramount importance to the physico-chemistry of the atmosphere of a comet. The ESA/Rosetta mission to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (67P) provides a unique opportunity to study charge-changing processes in situ.

    Aims. To understand the role of these reactions in the evolution of the solar wind plasma and interpret the complex in situ measurements made by Rosetta, numerical or analytical models are necessary.

    Methods. We used an extended analytical formalism describing solar wind charge-changing processes at comets along solar wind streamlines. The model is driven by solar wind ion measurements from the Rosetta Plasma Consortium-Ion Composition Analyser (RPC-ICA) and neutral density observations from the Rosetta Spectrometer for Ion and Neutral Analysis-Comet Pressure Sensor (ROSINA-COPS), as well as by charge-changing cross sections of hydrogen and helium particles in a water gas.

    Results. A mission-wide overview of charge-changing efficiencies at comet 67P is presented. Electron capture cross sections dominate and favor the production of He and H energetic neutral atoms (ENAs), with fluxes expected to rival those of H+ and He2+ ions.

    Conclusions. Neutral outgassing rates are retrieved from local RPC-ICA flux measurements and match ROSINA estimates very well throughout the mission. From the model, we find that solar wind charge exchange is unable to fully explain the magnitude of the sharp drop in solar wind ion fluxes observed by Rosetta for heliocentric distances below 2.5 AU. This is likely because the model does not take the relative ion dynamics into account and to a lesser extent because it ignores the formation of bow-shock-like structures upstream of the nucleus. This work also shows that the ionization by solar extreme-ultraviolet radiation and energetic electrons dominates the source of cometary ions, although solar wind contributions may be significant during isolated events.

  • 58.
    Wedlund, Cyril Simon
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Bodewits, Dennis
    Physics Department, Auburn University, Auburn, USA.
    Alho, Markku
    Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland.
    Hoekstra, Ronnie
    Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Behar, Etienne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden.
    Gronoff, Guillaume
    Science directorate, Chemistry & Dynamics branch, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, USA. SSAI, Hampton, Virginia, USA.
    Gunell, Herbert
    Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels, Belgium. Department of Physics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden.
    Kallio, Esa
    Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland.
    Beth, Arnaud
    Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London, UK.
    Solar wind charge exchange in cometary atmospheres: I. Charge-changing and ionization cross sections for He and H particles in H2O2019In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 630, article id A35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. Solar wind charge-changing reactions are of paramount importance to the physico-chemistry of the atmosphere of a comet, mass-loading the solar wind through an effective conversion of fast light solar wind ions into slow heavy cometary ions.

    Aims. To understand these processes and place them in the context of a solar wind plasma interacting with a neutral atmosphere, numerical or analytical models are necessary. Inputs of these models, such as collision cross sections and chemistry, are crucial.

    Methods. Book-keeping and fitting of experimentally measured charge-changing and ionization cross sections of hydrogen and helium particles in a water gas are discussed, with emphasis on the low-energy/low-velocity range that is characteristic of solar wind bulk speeds (<20 keV u−1/2000 km s−1).

    Results. We provide polynomial fits for cross sections of charge-changing and ionization reactions, and list the experimental needs for future studies. To take into account the energy distribution of the solar wind, we calculated Maxwellian-averaged cross sections and fitted them with bivariate polynomials for solar wind temperatures ranging from 105 to 106 K (12–130 eV).

    Conclusions. Single- and double-electron captures by He2+ dominate at typical solar wind speeds. Correspondingly, single-electron capture by H+ and single-electron loss by H dominate at these speeds, resulting in the production of energetic neutral atoms (ENAs). Ionization cross sections all peak at energies above 20 keV and are expected to play a moderate role in the total ion production. However, the effect of solar wind Maxwellian temperatures is found to be maximum for cross sections peaking at higher energies, suggesting that local heating at shock structures in cometary and planetary environments may favor processes previously thought to be negligible. This study is the first part in a series of three on charge exchange and ionization processes at comets, with a specific application to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko and the Rosetta mission.

  • 59.
    Wedlund, Cyril Simon
    et al.
    Aalto University, School of Electrical Engineering, Department of Radio Science and Engineering.
    Kallio, Esa
    Finnish Meteorological Institute, Aalto University, School of Electrical Engineering, Department of Radio Science and Engineering.
    Alho, Markku
    Aalto University, School of Electrical Engineering, Department of Radio Science and Engineering.
    Nilsson, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
    Wieser, Gabriella Stenberg
    Swedish Institute of Space Physics.
    Gunell, Herbert
    Swedish Institute of Space Physics / Institutet för rymdfysik , Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels.
    Behar, Etienne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering.
    Pusa, J.
    Aalto University, School of Electrical Engineering, Department of Radio Science and Engineering.
    Gronoff, Guillaume
    Science Directorate, Chemistry and Dynamics Branch, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia.
    The atmosphere of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko diagnosed by charge-exchanged solar wind alpha particles2016In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 587, article id A154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. The ESA/Rosetta mission has been orbiting comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko since August 2014, measuring its dayside plasma environment. The ion spectrometer onboard Rosetta has detected two ion populations, one energetic with a solar wind origin (H+, He2+, He+), the other at lower energies with a cometary origin (water group ions such as H2O+). He+ ions arise mainly from charge-exchange between solar wind alpha particles and cometary neutrals such as H2O. Aims. The He+ and He2+ ion fluxes measured by the Rosetta Plasma Consortium Ion Composition Analyser (RPC-ICA) give insight into the composition of the dayside neutral coma, into the importance of charge-exchange processes between the solar wind and cometary neutrals, and into the way these evolve when the comet draws closer to the Sun. Methods. We combine observations by the ion spectrometer RPC-ICA onboard Rosetta with calculations from an analytical model based on a collisionless neutral Haser atmosphere and nearly undisturbed solar wind conditions. Results. Equivalent neutral outgassing rates Q can be derived using the observed RPC-ICA He+/He2+ particle flux ratios as input into the analytical model in inverse mode. A revised dependence of Q on heliocentric distance Rh in AU is found to be Rh -7.06Rh-7.06 between 1.8 and 3.3 AU, suggesting that the activity in 2015 differed from that of the 2008 perihelion passage. Conversely, using an outgassing rate determined from optical remote sensing measurements from Earth, the forward analytical model results are in relatively good agreement with the measured RPC-ICA flux ratios. Modelled ratios in a 2D spherically-symmetric plane are also presented, showing that charge exchange is most efficient with solar wind protons. Detailed cometocentric profiles of these ratios are also presented. Conclusions. In conclusion, we show that, with the help of a simple analytical model of charge-exchange processes, a mass-capable ion spectrometer such as RPC-ICA can be used as a "remote-sensing" instrument for the neutral cometary atmosphere.

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    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
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    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Castañeda, J.
    DAPCOM Data Services, c. dels Vilabella 5-7, 08500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain; Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, Z.
    Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Davidson, M.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    De Angeli, F.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Hernández, J.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    DAPCOM Data Services, c. dels Vilabella 5-7, 08500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain; Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
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    Telespazio UK S.L. for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Babusiaux, C.
    Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France.
    Biermann, M.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Crowley, C.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Evans, D. W.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Lindegren, L.
    Lund Observatory, Division of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Martín-Fleitas, J. M.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    Ruder BoškovićInstitute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
    Ruz Mieres, D.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Tisanić, K.
    Ruder BoškovićInstitute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
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    Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands.
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    INAF-Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
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    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
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    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
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    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Barbier, A.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Creevey, O. L.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
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    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
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    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
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    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Jordi, C.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Klioner, S. A.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Lammers, U.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Luri, X.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
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    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Randich, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Sartoretti, P.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
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    Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland.
    Tanga, P.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
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    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
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    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
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    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
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    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Drimmel, R.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Katz, D.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
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    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
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    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Audard, M.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
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    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Blomme, R.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Fabricius, C.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Fouesneau, M.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Frémat, Y.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Galluccio, L.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Guerrier, A.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Masana, E.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
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    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Nicolas, C.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Nienartowicz, K.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Sednai Sàrl, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Pailler, F.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
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    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
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    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
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    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
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    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Sordo, R.
    INAF-Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Thévenin, F.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Gracia-Abril, G.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; Gaia DPAC Project Office, ESAC, Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
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    Telespazio UK S.L. for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Benson, K.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Berthier, J.
    IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France.
    Burgess, P. W.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Busonero, D.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Busso, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Cánovas, H.
    Telespazio UK S.L. for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Carry, B.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Cheek, N.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
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    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium; CRAAG-Centre de Recherche en Astronomie, Astrophysique et Géophysique, Route de l'Observatoire Bp 63, Bouzareah, 16340 Algiers, Algeria.
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    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Delchambre, L.
    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
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    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
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    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña 15071, Spain.
    García-Lario, P.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    ATG Europe for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Haigron, R.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Hambly, N. C.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Harrison, D. L.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Kavli Institute for Cosmology Cambridge, Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Hatzidimitriou, D.
    Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15783 Athens, Greece.
    Hodgkin, S. T.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Holl, B.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Jamal, S.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Jordan, S.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Krone-Martins, A.
    Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA; CENTRA, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Edif. C8, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.
    Lanzafame, A. C.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia "Ettore Majorana", Università di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania, Italy.
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    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
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    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
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    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
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    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Moitinho, A.
    CENTRA, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Edif. C8, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.
    Muinonen, K.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland; Finnish Geospatial Research Institute FGI, Vuorimiehentie 5, 02150 Espoo, Finland.
    Nuñez Campos, M.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Oreshina-Slezak, I.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Osborne, P.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Pancino, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Pauwels, T.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Recio-Blanco, A.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Riello, M.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Rimoldini, L.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Robin, A. C.
    Institut UTINAM CNRS UMR6213, Université de Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté Bourgogne, Observatoire de Besançon, BP1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Roegiers, T.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Sarro, L. M.
    Dpto. de Inteligencia Artificial, UNED, c/ Juan del Rosal 16, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Schultheis, M.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Siopis, C.
    Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Smith, M.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Sozzetti, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Utrilla, E.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Van Leeuwen, M.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Abbas, U.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Ábrahám, P.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117 Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary.
    Abreu Aramburu, A.
    ATG Europe for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Aerts, C.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany; Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Altavilla, G.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Álvarez, M. A.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña 15071, Spain.
    Alves, J.
    University of Vienna, Department of Astrophysics, Türkenschanzstraße 17, A1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Anders, F.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Anderson, R. I.
    Institute of Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire de Sauverny, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Antoja, T.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Baines, D.
    Quasar Science Resources for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Baker, S. G.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Balog, Z.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Barache, C.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Barbato, D.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Barros, M.
    LASIGE, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Edif. C6, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.
    Barstow, M. A.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.
    Bartolomé, S.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Bashi, D.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel; Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK.
    Bauchet, N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Baudeau, N.
    Telespazio for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Becciani, U.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bedin, L. R.
    INAF-Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Bellas-Velidis, I.
    National Observatory of Athens, I. Metaxa and Vas. Pavlou, Palaia Penteli, 15236 Athens, Greece.
    Bellazzini, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Beordo, W.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; University of Turin, Department of Physics, Via Pietro Giuria 1, 10125 Torino, Italy.
    Berihuete, A.
    Depto. Estadística e Investigación Operativa. Universidad de Cádiz, Avda. República Saharaui s/n, 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain.
    Bernet, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Bertolotto, C.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Bertone, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Bianchi, L.
    EURIX S.r.l., Corso Vittorio Emanuele II 61, 10128 Torino, Italy.
    Binnenfeld, A.
    Porter School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Blazere, A.
    ATOS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Boch, T.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Bombrun, A.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Bouquillon, S.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire 75014 Paris, France; LFCA/DAS, Universidad de Chile, CNRS, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile.
    Bragaglia, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Braine, J.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Bramante, L.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Breedt, E.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Bressan, A.
    SISSA-Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy.
    Brouillet, N.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Brugaletta, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bucciarelli, B.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; University of Turin, Department of Physics, Via Pietro Giuria 1, 10125 Torino, Italy.
    Butkevich, A. G.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Buzzi, R.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Caffau, E.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Cancelliere, R.
    University of Turin, Department of Computer Sciences, Corso Svizzera 185, 10149 Torino, Italy.
    Cannizzo, S.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Cantat-Gaudin, T.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Carballo, R.
    Dpto. de Matemática Aplicada y Ciencias de la Computación, Univ. de Cantabria, ETS Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Avda. de los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain.
    Carlucci, T.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Carnerero, M. I.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Carrasco, J. M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Carretero, J.
    Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain; Port d'Informació Científica (PIC), Campus UAB, C. Albareda s/n, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain.
    Carton, S.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Casamiquela, L.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Castellani, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy.
    Castro-Ginard, A.
    Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Cesare, V.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Charlot, P.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Chemin, L.
    Instituto de Astrofísica, Universidad Andres Bello, Fernandez Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago RM, Chile.
    Chiaramida, V.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Chiavassa, A.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Chornay, N.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Collins, R.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Contursi, G.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Cooper, W. J.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, AL10 9AB Hatfield, UK.
    Cornez, T.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Crosta, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; University of Turin, Mathematical Department "G.Peano", Via Carlo Alberto 10, 10123 Torino, Italy.
    Dafonte, C.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña 15071, Spain.
    De Laverny, P.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    De Luise, F.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico d'Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy.
    De March, R.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    De Souza, R.
    Instituto de Astronomia, Geofìsica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, 1226, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    De Torres, A.
    HE Space Operations BV for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Del Peloso, E. F.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Delbo, M.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Delgado, A.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Dharmawardena, T. E.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Diakite, S.
    Mésocentre de calcul de Franche-Comté, Université de Franche-Comté, 16 route de Gray, 25030 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Diener, C.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Distefano, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Dolding, C.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Dsilva, K.
    Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Durán, J.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Enke, H.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Esquej, P.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Fabre, C.
    ATOS for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Fabrizio, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Faigler, S.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Fatović, M.
    Ruder BoškovićInstitute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
    Fedorets, G.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland; Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK.
    Fernández-Hernández, J.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Fernique, P.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Figueras, F.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Fournier, Y.
    Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Fouron, C.
    Telespazio for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Gai, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Galinier, M.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Garcia-Gutierrez, A.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    García-Torres, M.
    Data Science and Big Data Lab, Pablo de Olavide University, 41013 Seville, Spain.
    Garofalo, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Gerlach, E.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Geyer, R.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Giacobbe, P.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Gilmore, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Institute of Astrophysics, FORTH, Crete, Greece.
    Girona, S.
    Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Plaça Eusebi Güell 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Giuffrida, G.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy.
    Gomel, R.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Gomez, A.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña 15071, Spain.
    González-Núñez, J.
    ETSE Telecomunicación, Universidade de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36310 Vigo, Galicia, Spain.
    González-Santamaría, I.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña 15071, Spain.
    Gosset, E.
    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium; F.R.S.-FNRS, Rue d'Egmont 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Granvik, Mikael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Gregori Barrera, V.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Gutiérrez-Sánchez, R.
    Telespazio UK S.L. for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Haywood, M.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Helmer, A.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Helmi, A.
    Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Henares, K.
    Quasar Science Resources for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Hidalgo, S. L.
    IAC-Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Láctea s/n, 38200 La Laguna S.C., Tenerife, Spain; Department of Astrophysics, University of La Laguna, Via Láctea s/n, 38200 La Laguna S.C., Tenerife, Spain.
    Hilger, T.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Hobbs, D.
    Lund Observatory, Division of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Hottier, C.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Huckle, H. E.
    Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
    Jabłońska, M.
    Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland; Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Australian National University, Cotter Road, Weston ACT 2611, Australia.
    Jansen, F.
    European Space Agency (ESA, retired), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Jiménez-Arranz, Ó.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Juaristi Campillo, J.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Khanna, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Kordopatis, G.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Kóspál, Á.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany; Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117 Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary.
    Kun, M.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Lambert, S.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Lanza, A. F.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Le Campion, J. F.
    Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France.
    Lebreton, Y.
    LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; Université Rennes, CNRS, IPR (Institut de Physique de Rennes)-UMR 6251, 35000 Rennes, France.
    Lebzelter, T.
    University of Vienna, Department of Astrophysics, Türkenschanzstraße 17, A1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Leccia, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy.
    Lecoeur-Taibi, I.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Lecoutre, G.
    Institut UTINAM CNRS UMR6213, Université de Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté Bourgogne, Observatoire de Besançon, BP1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Liao, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, PR China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19(A) Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100049, PR China.
    Liberato, L.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France; São Paulo State University, Grupo de Dinâmica Orbital e Planetologia, CEP 12516-410 Guaratinguetá, SP, Brazil.
    Licata, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Lindstrøm, H. E.P.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen ø, Denmark; DXC Technology, Retortvej 8, 2500 Valby, Denmark.
    Lister, T. A.
    Las Cumbres Observatory, 6740 Cortona Drive Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117, USA.
    Livanou, E.
    Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15783 Athens, Greece.
    Lobel, A.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Loup, C.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Mahy, L.
    Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Mann, R. G.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Manteiga, M.
    CIGUS CITIC, Department of Nautical Sciences and Marine Engineering, University of A Coruña, Paseo de Ronda 51, 15071 A Coruña, Spain.
    Marchant, J. M.
    Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK.
    Marconi, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy.
    Marín Pina, D.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Marinoni, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy; Space Science Data Center-ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy.
    Marshall, D. J.
    IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, CNES, 9 Av. colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France.
    Martín Lozano, J.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Marton, G.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Mary, N.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Masip, A.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Massari, D.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Mastrobuono-Battisti, A.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Mazeh, T.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    McMillan, P. J.
    Lund Observatory, Division of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Meichsner, J.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Messina, S.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Michalik, D.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
    Millar, N. R.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Molina, D.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Molinaro, R.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy.
    Molnár, L.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117 Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary; MTA CSFK Lendület Near-Field Cosmology Research Group, Konkoly Observatory, MTA Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Monari, G.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Monguió, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Montegriffo, P.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Montero, A.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Mor, R.
    Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Pervasive Technologies s.l., c. Saragossa 118, 08006 Barcelona, Spain.
    Mora, A.
    Aurora Technology for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Morbidelli, R.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Morel, T.
    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
    Morris, D.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Mowlavi, N.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Munoz, D.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Muraveva, T.
    INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Murphy, C. P.
    European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Musella, I.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy.
    Nagy, Z.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Nieto, S.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Noval, L.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Ogden, A.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Ordenovic, C.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Pagani, C.
    School of Physics Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.
    Pagano, I.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Palicio, P. A.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Pallas-Quintela, L.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña 15071, Spain.
    Panahi, A.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Panem, C.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Payne-Wardenaar, S.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Pegoraro, L.
    CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Penttilä, A.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Pesciullesi, P.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Piersimoni, A. M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico d'Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Pinamonti, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Pineau, F. X.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Plachy, E.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary; ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Physics, 1117 Pázmány Péter sétány 1A, Budapest, Hungary; MTA CSFK Lendület Near-Field Cosmology Research Group, Konkoly Observatory, MTA Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Plum, G.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Poggio, E.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France; INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Pourbaix, D.
    Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium; F.R.S.-FNRS, Rue d'Egmont 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Prša, A.
    Villanova University, Department of Astrophysics and Planetary Science, 800 E Lancaster Avenue, Villanova PA 19085, USA.
    Pulone, L.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy.
    Racero, E.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain; Departmento de Física de la Tierra y Astrofísica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Rainer, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy; INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi, 46, 23807 Merate (LC), Italy.
    Raiteri, C. M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Ramos, P.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan.
    Ratajczak, M.
    Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland.
    Re Fiorentin, P.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Regibo, S.
    Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Reylé, C.
    Institut UTINAM CNRS UMR6213, Université de Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté Bourgogne, Observatoire de Besançon, BP1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France.
    Ripepi, V.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy.
    Riva, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Rix, H. W.
    Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Rixon, G.
    Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    Robichon, N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Robin, C.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Romero-Gómez, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Rowell, N.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Royer, F.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Rybicki, K. A.
    Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.
    Sadowski, G.
    Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Sáez Núñez, A.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Sagristà Sellés, A.
    Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Sahlmann, J.
    RHEA for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Sanchez Gimenez, V.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Sanna, N.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Santoveña, R.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña 15071, Spain.
    Sarasso, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Sarrate Riera, C.
    DAPCOM Data Services, c. dels Vilabella 5-7, 08500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain; Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Sciacca, E.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy.
    Segovia, J. C.
    Serco Gestión de Negocios for European Space Agency (ESA), Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain.
    Ségransan, D.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Shahaf, S.
    Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.
    Siebert, A.
    Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France; Centre de Données Astronomique de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
    Siltala, L.
    Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Slezak, E.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
    Smart, R. L.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy; Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, AL10 9AB Hatfield, UK.
    Snaith, O. N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; University of Exeter, School of Physics and Astronomy, Stocker Road, Exeter EX2 7SJ, UK.
    Solano, E.
    Departamento de Astrofísica, Centro de Astrobiología (CSICINTA), ESA-ESAC, Camino Bajo del Castillo s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain.
    Solitro, F.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Souami, D.
    LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France; naXys, Department of Mathematics, University of Namur, Rue de Bruxelles 61, 5000 Namur, Belgium.
    Souchay, J.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Spina, L.
    INAF-Osservatorio astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Spitoni, E.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France; INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy.
    Spoto, F.
    Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS 15, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
    Squillante, L. A.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Steele, I. A.
    Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK.
    Steidelmüller, H.
    Lohrmann Observatory, Technische Universität Dresden, Mommsenstraße 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Surdej, J.
    Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 19c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
    Szabados, L.
    Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Taris, F.
    SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire 75014 Paris, France.
    Taylor, M. B.
    H H Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL, UK.
    Teixeira, R.
    Instituto de Astronomia, Geofìsica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, 1226, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Tolomei, L.
    ALTEC S.p.a, Corso Marche 79, 10146 Torino, Italy.
    Torralba Elipe, G.
    CIGUS CITIC-Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña s/n, A Coruña 15071, Spain; Escuela de Arquitectura y Politécnica-Universidad Europea de Valencia, Spain; Escuela Superior de Ingeniería y Tecnología-Universidad Internacional de la Rioja, Spain.
    Trabucchi, M.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Department of Physics and Astronomy G. Galilei, University of Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy.
    Tsantaki, M.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy.
    Ulla, A.
    Applied Physics Department, Universidade de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain; Instituto de Física e Ciencias Aeroespaciais (IFCAE), Universidade de Vigo, Á Campus de As Lagoas, 32004 Ourense, Spain.
    Unger, N.
    Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Vanel, O.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Vecchiato, A.
    INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy.
    Vicente, D.
    Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Plaça Eusebi Güell 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Voutsinas, S.
    Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
    Weiler, M.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Wyrzykowski, Ł.
    Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland.
    Zhao, H.
    Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Bd de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France; Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210023, PR China.
    Zorec, J.
    Sorbonne Université, CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis bd. Arago, 75014 Paris, France.
    Zwitter, T.
    Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska ulica 19, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Balaguer-Núñez, L.
    Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), c. Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica (FQA), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Leclerc, N.
    GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France.
    Morgenthaler, S.
    Institute of Mathematics, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland.
    Robert, G.
    Thales Services for CNES Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Zucker, S.
    Porter School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.
    Gaia Focused Product Release: Sources from Service Interface Function image analysis: Half a million new sources in omega Centauri2023In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 680, article id A35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. Gaia&apos;s readout window strategy is challenged by very dense fields in the sky. Therefore, in addition to standard Gaia observations, full Sky Mapper (SM) images were recorded for nine selected regions in the sky. A new software pipeline exploits these Service Interface Function (SIF) images of crowded fields (CFs), making use of the availability of the full two-dimensional (2D) information. This new pipeline produced half a million additional Gaia sources in the region of the omega Centauri (ω Cen) cluster, which are published with this Focused Product Release. We discuss the dedicated SIF CF data reduction pipeline, validate its data products, and introduce their Gaia archive table.

    Aims. Our aim is to improve the completeness of the Gaia source inventory in a very dense region in the sky, ω Cen.

    Methods. An adapted version of Gaia&apos;s Source Detection and Image Parameter Determination software located sources in the 2D SIF CF images. These source detections were clustered and assigned to new SIF CF or existing Gaia sources by Gaia s cross-match software. For the new sources, astrometry was calculated using the Astrometric Global Iterative Solution software, and photometry was obtained in the Gaia DR3 reference system. We validated the results by comparing them to the public Gaia DR3 catalogue and external Hubble Space Telescope data.

    Results. With this Focused Product Release, 526 587 new sources have been added to the Gaia catalogue in ω Cen. Apart from positions and brightnesses, the additional catalogue contains parallaxes and proper motions, but no meaningful colour information. While SIF CF source parameters generally have a lower precision than nominal Gaia sources, in the cluster centre they increase the depth of the combined catalogue by three magnitudes and improve the source density by a factor of ten.

    Conclusions. This first SIF CF data publication already adds great value to the Gaia catalogue. It demonstrates what to expect for the fourth Gaia catalogue, which will contain additional sources for all nine SIF CF regions.

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  • 61.
    Šimsová-Zámečníková, Martina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Soldán, P.
    Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Department of Chemical Physics and Optics Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Prague 2, Czech Republic.
    Gustafsson, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Formation of NaCl by radiative association in interstellar environments2022In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 664, article id A5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. Radiative association is a possible way of sodium chloride (NaCl) formation in interstellar and related environments. Theoretical studies are essential since laboratory experiments are unavailable and difficult to perform.

    Aims. The total rate coefficient was calculated for the formation of NaCl by radiative association at 30–750 K.

    Methods. We included two contributing processes for the total rate-coefficient computation. One of them takes the nonadiabatic coupling between the two lowest 1Σ+ states, Χ1Σ+ and Β1Σ+, into account. The other one was calculated conventionally as a single channel and started in the continuum of the A1Π state. The individual rate coefficients were calculated from cross sections obtained up to 0.8 eV, which enabled us to calculate the rate coefficients up to 750 K. The cross section was also calculated for a one-state process within the Χ1 Σ+ state.

    Results. The nonadiabatic coupling enhances the formation of NaCl by radiative association by two orders of magnitude at about 30 K and by around one order of magnitude at about 750 K. The single-channel process starting in the continuum of the A1 Π state starts to contribute above around 200 K. The one-state transition model, within the Χ1Σ+ state, is not an adequate approximation for collisions in 1Σ+ symmetry. Instead, these collisions are treated in the diabatic representation in the total rate-coefficient calculation.

    Conclusions. The calculated total rate-coefficient function at 30–750 K can improve the astrochemical reaction networks for the CRL 2688, IRC+10216, and Orion SrcI environments, where NaCl was detected before.

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