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  • 51.
    Shahid, Zahraa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Saguna, Saguna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Åhlund, Christer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Federated Learning for Unsupervised Anomaly Detection in ADLs of Elderly in Single-resident Smart Homes2024In: The 39th ACM/SIGAPP Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC ’24), April 8–12, 2024, Avila, Spain., New York, NY, USA,, 2024, p. -3Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main concerns regarding the facilitation of the elderly well-being monitoring system is to preserve the participants’ privacy, enable the older adults to live longer independently, and support caregivers. Human Activity Recognition (HAR) in smart homes allows us to foresee the residents’ needs by identifying changes in behaviour that might link to possible health conditions. We propose a Federated learning (FL) model within the health monitoring application to generalize for diverse participant populations and to achieve comparable performance without disclosing the raw data to the traditional centralized approach, which raises privacy issues. In this study, we evaluate an unsupervised variational autoencoder (VAE) in centralized, individualized, compared to federated learning settings to learn the features of normal patterns of daily activities and build an anomaly detector based on reconstructed error resulting as outcomes by the trained model. Further, we validated our proposed approach on real-world datasets collected over three years from six single-resident elderly households. The individual and centralized-based learning models were used as a baseline to compare with FL. Our results show that the personalized FedAvg models achieve RMSE of about 1%, while the Global FL models achieve RMSE of approximately. 4%. The centralized model achieves RMSE of about 0.5%, and the RMSE of individual models based on local training ranges between 1% to 6%. The FL models are relatively comparable to the centralized baseline model.

  • 52.
    Zhalgasbekova, Aigerim
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Zaslavsky, Arkady
    CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia.
    Saguna, Saguna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Mitra, Karan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Jayaraman, Prem Prakash
    Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.
    Opportunistic Data Collection for IoT-Based Indoor Air Quality Monitoring2017In: Internet of Things, Smart Spaces, and Next Generation Networks and Systems: 17th International Conference, NEW2AN 2017, 10th Conference, ruSMART 2017, Third Workshop NsCC 2017, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 28–30, 2017, Proceedings / [ed] Galinina O., Andreev S., Balandin S., Koucheryavy Y., Cham: Springer, 2017, p. 53-65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Opportunistic sensing advance methods of IoT data collection using the mobility of data mules, the proximity of transmitting sensor devices and cost efficiency to decide when, where, how and at what cost collect IoT data and deliver it to a sink. This paper proposes, develops, implements and evaluates the algorithm called CollMule which builds on and extends the 3D kNN approach to discover, negotiate, collect and deliver the sensed data in an energy- and cost-efficient manner. The developed CollMule software prototype uses Android platform to handle indoor air quality data from heterogeneous IoT devices. The CollMule evaluation is based on performing rate, power consumption and CPU usage of single algorithm cycle. The outcomes of these experiments prove the feasibility of CollMule use on mobile smart devices.

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