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  • 51.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Center for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Entrepreneurship, Management and Organisation, Hanken School of Business, Helsinki, Finland. Entrepreneurship & Innovation, St Gallen University, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. School of Management, University of Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland.
    How individual cognitions overshadow regulations and group norms: a study of government venture capital decisions2019In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how government venture capitalists approve or reject financing applications. Based on longitudinal observations, complemented by interviews, documentation, and secondary data, the findings show the limited influence of the regulative and normative logics (e.g., formal guidelines and accepted behavior) on government venture capitalists’ decisions. Instead, individual decisions are observed to be largely overshadowed by cognitions and heuristics, which dominate formal regulations and socially constructed group-level norms. Although official decision communications state that regulations have been followed, the evidence suggests that the cognitive logic dominates the funding decision-making process through a set of overshadowing forces that restrict the influence of the normative and regulative logics on funding decisions. This research has implications for venture financing and highlights the importance of cognitions in shaping venture capital decisions.

  • 52.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Normkritisk innovation för nya affärsmodeller: Mångfald i offentliga finansiärers kommunikations- och marknadskanaler2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapporten RIKA affärsmodeller presenterar ett ramverk för arbete med normkritisk innovation för nya affärsmodeller med inriktning mot kommunikations- och marknadskanaler. Rapporten baseras på resultat från VINNOVA-projektet RIKA 3.0. Offentliga finansiärer, näringslivsrådgivare, nuvarande och potentiella entreprenörer samt andra typer av finansiärer har inom ramen för en experimentell miljö, s.k. Livinglabb, tillsammans bidragit till att identifiera upplevda problem och möjligheter med finansiärernas kommunikation och marknadskanaler. I arbetet har en normkritisk analysmetodik använts för utveckling av en prototyp; ”MÖTA” för att hantera kommunikation med inriktning på affärsmodeller mot en mångfald av entreprenörer/företag samt ett dialogverktyg för normkritisk innovation i kommunikations- och marknadskanaler. Dialogverktyget har potential till att bidra till en mer medveten kommunikationsstrategi med möjlighet att möta en mångfald av företagare och därmed bidra till jämlik tillgång till offentlig finansiering. Dialogverktyget kan därmed synliggöra och riva strukturella hinder kring mångfald hos offentliga finansiärer, vilka idag mer eller mindre omedvetet hindrar mångfald av företag och deras möjlighet att ta del av det offentliga finansieringssystemet. Genom att sätta ”MÖTA” mot nuvarande affärsmodeller kan potentialen inom en bredare bas av företag, företag som ligger utanför den gängse normen av företagande tillvaratas även de som ofta mer eller mindre omedvetet exkluderas från finansieringssystemet

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  • 53.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Projekt: RIKA 3.02014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    RIKA 3.0 avser att i living lab-miljö utveckla en prototyp till nya inkluderande affärsmodeller för offentlig finansiering, något som ska bidra till jämställd/jämlik tillgång till offentlig finansiering.

  • 54.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Renewal in Current Educational Practices in Auditing2015Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 55.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Rogers, Waymond
    Texas University in Old Elpaso.
    Retention of professional auditors: Influences of human and social capital2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Sällström, Annika
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Testbed for future internet services: Market exploitation plan2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report covers an initial market exploitation plan and includes the TEFIS business model methodology framework.

  • 57.
    Kurkkio, Monika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Management and evaluations of collaborative R&D-projects: the paradox of long-term relationships2007In: The Future of Nordic Business Schools: 19th Nordic Academy of Management Conference, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To be in the frontier in highly competitive and capital intensive businesses collaborative R&D-projects between companies and their customers have become important. Such projects expect to bring forth competitive advantages. However, previous studies indicate that there are difficulties in managing and evaluating collaborative R&D-projects. Therefore, the purpose with the paper is to increase the understanding about management and evaluations of values in collaborative R&D-projects. The present paper addresses the following questions: 1. How are collaborative R&D-projects managed? 2. What values are generated through the exchange between the companies? 3. How are collaborative R&D-projects evaluated? In this paper, we have conducted an exploratory single case study in the process industry, on a big Swedish company and one of their customers. The empirical findings are based on interviews, internal documents and publicly available information. Inductive patterns identified in the empirical material led to further analyses from the theoretical perspectives of Customer relationship management (CRM), Social exchange theory (SET) and Intellectual capital (IC).Findings from the study indicate that the company's strategy for creating competitive advantages is to build up-on long-term customer relationships through the collaborative R&D-projects. Management of, exchange of and values created through relationship are central for such a strategy. The careful management of customers is in accordance with the theory of CRM. The company's focus on long-term relationships tended to influence the exchange in the R&D-project. T he outcome of the project was negative, a failure. When evaluating the project focus was on measuring soft values instead of the hard values based on the negative output. The social exchange, central for the company's management of the customer relationship that generated values in form of a relational capital, seemed more important than the economic exchange. The concluding remarks of this paper lead to a paradox. Companies' long-term strategy of building relational capital for ensuring economic values tends to result in the neglecting of measuring hard economic values. This may in the long-run damage the customer relationship since the main purpose with the collaborative R&D-project is to generate competitive advantages in terms of economic values.

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  • 58.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    A call for deconstruction of institutionalized research agenda on gender and access to finance: evidence from a literature review2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Business model management in early start-up of businesses – cases from the creative industries2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Kvinnors företagande2011In: Kvinnors företagande: Konferensdokumentation Kvinnors företagande – forskning, politik och praktik, 2 september 2011 : Resultat från 10 forskningsprojekt, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2011, p. 40-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 61.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    On challenges in collaborative innovation management: social exchange as a maker or a breaker2013In: Nordic Academy of Management Conference, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Practicing Business Model Management in New Ventures2017In: Journal of Business Models, ISSN 2246-2465, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to enhance the knowledge of business modeling in the early phases byexploring its core components and the management of those components. This will be achieved by answeringthe following exploratory questions: What aspects of business model components do entrepreneurs processin the early stages? How do entrepreneurs process those aspects?

    Design/Methodology/Approach: In this qualitative study, data was collected during semi-structured interviewswith six entrepreneurs.

    Findings: The findings support the argument that when studying the early stages of business model management, to gain a richer understanding of the entrepreneurial process, acknowledging the resource activities isimportant. Our findings highlight that cash and competence appear to be essential focus in managing businessmodel components in early stage. We also found that entrepreneurs may create resource slack that allowsbusinesses to carve out a competitive position in the marketplace by focusing on business model designand management.

    Originality/Value: Although business model research is developing rapidly, one prominent gap in the field ishow entrepreneurs manage their business models in the early start-up stages. In particular, there is a lack of knowledge about what entrepreneurs focus on in their business model management in early start-up stagesand how they manage these aspects, an area to which this research contributes.

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  • 63.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Projekt: RIKA II - under ytan2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 64.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Social categorization of the Research agenda on gender and access to finance and its signals: evidence from a literature review2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Social exchange in collaborative innovation: maker or breaker2016In: Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2192-5372, E-ISSN 2192-5372, Vol. 5, article id 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborations in innovation work between competitors have become a common practice in the information and communication technology sector (ICT), and substantial investments are made in such collaborations. Significant rationales for these collaborations include the high expectations placed on rapid and front-edge technology development and business exploitation. However, there is often a failure to reach the expected outcomes of such collaborations. This may be explained not only by the challenges and obstacles in technology development but also by the social relations within the collaborations. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of social exchange in the outcomes of early-stage innovation collaborations. More specifically, we explore the social facilitators of exchange and how such facilitators may influence collaboration outcomes. Social exchange theory is used for this purpose. This longitudinal study is based on a 3-year collaboration project for innovation using qualitative methods (29 interviews, observations of 7 project meetings). Three phases of social exchange in the collaboration are empirically identified: the dating phase, brainstorming phase, and decision phase. Three social facilitators of social exchange within these phases are conceptualized: trust, commitment, and congruence. Further, direct contacts are conceptualized as a social accelerator fueling these social facilitators. This study advances understanding of social facilitators in social exchange and their significance with regard to success/failure outcomes. Risks of lock-in situations in collaborations for innovation are outlined in a knowledge exchange paradox.

  • 66.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Strategier och brandväggar i karriärsavancemang.: Dimensioner av kvinnors chefskarriärer i Norrbotten.2013Report (Other academic)
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  • 67.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Under ytan - Faktablad: Hur går snacket och vem får pengarna II?2015Report (Other academic)
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  • 68.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Under ytan: Hur går snacket och vem får pengarna II?2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En viktig förutsättning för ett konkurrenskraftigt näringsliv som leder till hållbar tillväxt är att kvinnor och män kan ta del av företagsfrämjande på lika villkor. Då först tar vi vara på den potential som finns i företagandet. Jämställd tillgång till offentlig finansiering skapar förutsättningar för att resurser fördelas effektivt och hållbart. Kvinnor driver nära 30 procent av Sveriges företag, men får inte ta del av offentlig finansiering i motsvarande omfattning. Syftet med studien Under ytan är att synliggöra strukturer i det företagsfrämjande systemet och det som händer i de slutna rummen, där bedömning av potential görs och beslut om finansiering fattas.Vid en första anblick kan det framstå som att offentlig finansiering till företag är könsneutral, då både företagande kvinnor och män kan ansöka om finansiering. Resultaten i studien visar dock att kvinnor och män tillskrivs olika egenskaper som blir stereotypa föreställningar, vilket påverkar förväntningar på hur företagande kvinnor och män ska bete sig och vara, och vem som anses ha potential i sitt entreprenörskap.Denna studie inkluderar fem organisationer, 18 finansiärer och 213 företag, varav 28 procent leds av kvinnor och 72 procent av män samt omfattar observationer, intervjuer, enkäter, analyser av företags ansökningar om finansiering och redovisningsinformation.Studien visar att det finns många föreställningar om företagande kvinnor och män.•Kvinnor som driver företag anses vara försiktiga, de vågar inte ta stora lån, vågar inte göra för stora investeringar, behöver endast små medel och är verksamma i ”fel” branscher som är icke-finansieringsbara och det saknas tillväxtpotential.•Män som driver företag anses våga satsa, behöver stora medel och är verksamma i ”rätt” branscher som är finansieringsbara och har tillväxtpotential.Dessa föreställningar leder till normen: satsa på företagande män. Finansiärernas syn på företagande kvinnors och mäns behov av kapital påverkas – kvinnor behöver lite pengar och män behöver mycket pengar.Föreställningar om tillväxt, försiktighet och behov av kapital i företag som leds av kvinnor respektive män kan ifrågasättas på basis av studiens resultat. Det är en missuppfattning att kvinnor inte driver tillväxtföretag. Av de 213 företag som undersökts påvisas inga skillnader mellan hur det går för kvinnors och mäns företag som sökt sig till det företagsfrämjande systemet. Det råder alltså inga skillnader i storlek, tillväxt, prestationsnivå, finansiell risk eller betalningsförmåga. När företagande kvinnor och män kommunicerar sin entreprenöriella potential är det heller ingen skillnad. Detta innebär att kvinnor och män kommunicerar företagets innovationsförmåga, proaktivitet och risk på samma sätt i sina ansökningar. Trots det bedömer finansiärerna den entreprenöriella potentialen vara högre i mäns företag äni kvinnors företag.Att se dessa strukturer under ytan kan bidra till förståelse för olika föreställningar om entreprenöriell potential hos kvinnor och män. Finansiärernas beskrivning av företagare i beslutsmöten visar på omedvetna skevheter i bilden av kvinnor och män.Den stereotypa föreställningen är att den riktiga entreprenören är en man och inte en kvinna. Detta framgår av sju identifierade strukturer.1. Identitet i snacketMän ges identiteter som entreprenör, företagare, innovatör och uppfinnare. Vanligtvis får kvinnor identiteten ”hon”. De fåtal gånger kvinnor ges en identitet så benämns de som ”företagare”. Kvinnor beskrivs inte som entreprenörer eller uppfinnare.2. Positiva och negativa attribut i snacketFöretagande män gestaltas mer positivt än företagande kvinnor. Kvinnor gestaltas med något fler positiva attribut (54 %) än negativa attribut (46 %). Detta i skarp kontrast till mäns gestaltning som domineras av positiva attribut (86 %) och endast i undantagsfall uttrycks med negativa attribut (14 %).3. Samma attribut – olika innebörd i snacketFöretagande män lovordas för samma saker som kvinnor kritiseras för. Till exempel är det positivt när män är försiktiga för då är de sansade medan det är negativt för kvinnor eftersom de inte vågar. Unga män diskuteras ofta som ”unga och lovande” och därför är ”ung” positivt. Unga kvinnor beskrivs istället ofta som ”bra för statistiken”, ”oerfarna” eller med ”bristande kunskap om affärsbegrepp”, vilket innebär att ”ung” är negativt.4. Allmängiltigt eller detaljerat i snacketKvinnor beskrivs med allmängiltiga positiva attribut som ger en oklar bild av potential i kontrast till män som beskrivs med detaljerade positiva attribut som leder till en klar bild av potential.Kvinnor beskrivs med detaljerade negativa attribut som leder till en klar bild av att potential saknas, i kontrast till män som beskrivs med allmängiltiga negativa attribut, som ger en oklar bild av att potential saknas.5. Superlativ i snacketMän beskrivs med fler superlativ än kvinnor.6. Passiv – aktiv form i snacketFöretagande kvinnor beskrivs i mer passiv form, ”är och har”, medan män beskrivs i mer aktiv form, ”gör och kan”.7. Innovation och utveckling i snacketUnikitet diskuteras endast för mäns företagande och endast företagande män gestaltas som proaktiva och som ”idékläckare”.Studien Under ytan visar att genusstrukturer spelar stor roll i finansiärers arbetsprocesser. Det finns stor risk att strukturer lever vidare och begränsar möjligheter till tillväxt och konkurrenskraft i företag som drivs av kvinnor. Brist på tillgång till finansiering skapar situationer av underkapitalisering, underprestation och hindrar att potentialen i kvinnors företag realiseras fullt ut. Ett normkritiskt angreppssätt behövs när offentliga finansiärer bedömer vad som är finansieringsbart och anses bidra till tillväxt. Jämställd tillgång till offentlig finansiering skapar också förutsättningar för effektiv resursallokering av offentlig finansiering, vilket i sin tur bidrar till en hållbar tillväxt.Entreprenörskap och innovation har en central betydelse för Sveriges utveckling av ett innovationsklimat i världsklass och innebär konkurrensfördelar. Då är det är viktigt att ta vara på alla individers företagsamhet och innovationskraft. Det företagsfrämjande systemet står inför nya utmaningar: att öppna upp och erbjuda finansiering på lika villkor till kvinnor och män som vill starta, driva och utveckla företag.

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  • 69.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Cognitive Constructions of Low-Profit and High-Profit Business Models: A Repertory Grid Study of Serial Entrepreneurs2015In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 1083-1109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows how the repertory grid methodology can be used to understand entrepreneurs' cognitive construction of business models and evidence of entrepreneurs' differential cognition of high-profit and low-profit business models. We show that entrepreneurs are more cognitively complex and more nuanced in constructing high-profit business models than low-profit business models. Furthermore, although they are perceived as meaningful, low-profit business models are characterized by relatively less clear cognitive constructions. This study suggests that the repertory grid technique may be useful for future research and entrepreneurship practice to understand the entrepreneurial cognition of business models

  • 70.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Gender Stereotypes and Venture Support Decisions: How Governmental Venture Capitalists Socially Construct Entrepreneurs' Potential2017In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 833-860Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, we conduct a discourse analysis on a set of longitudinal observations of government venture capitalists' decisions to identify how gender stereotypes are socially constructed and activated when assessing entrepreneurs' potential in the financial distribution of venture support. The present study finds that female entrepreneurs risk receiving significantly less venture capital, which is caused by the language and rhetoric used that relates to gender differences when funding decisions are made. We consider and discuss the implications of our results for related research about distributing venture capital and the social constructions of female and male entrepreneurs

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  • 71.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    We Recorded VCs’ Conversations and Analyzed How Differently They Talk About Female Entrepreneurs2017In: Harvard Business Review, ISSN 0017-8012Article, review/survey (Other academic)
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  • 72.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Halmstad University.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Hanken School of Economics.
    Words matter: How gendered discourse could be stifling female entrepreneurship2017In: American Banker, no 20 Oct, p. 1-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 73.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Källgarn, Per
    Försvarsmakten.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Deinstitutionalization resistance: the case of Implementing an entrepreneurial pedagogy in a military academy2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 74.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Gender signals of entrepreneurial orientationIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 75.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Hanken School of Econom.
    VC Stereotypes About Men and Women Aren’t Supported by Performance Data2018In: Harvard Business Review, ISSN 0017-8012, Vol. March 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 76.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. School of Business, Engineering and Science, Halmstad University, SE-971 87, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Department of Management and Organisation, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland. University of St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    What do they think and what do they say?: Gender bias, entrepreneurial attitude in writing and venture capitalists’ funding decisions2020In: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 13, article id e00154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that women may be at a disadvantage when signaling that they are “entrepreneurial” to venture capitalists. We demonstrate how gender-based disadvantages may arise from role incongruence in entrepreneurship by analyzing multi-source data from 131 venture capital applications, venture capitalists’ cognitions, and their funding decisions. Our analysis indicates that women who signal an entrepreneurial attitude are more likely to elicit prevention considerations from venture capitalists, whereas men who signal such an attitude are more likely to elicit promotion considerations. We also find that promotion considerations increase the amount of financing, whereas prevention considerations decrease the amount of financing. Our study increases knowledge about the gendered cognitions that underlie implicit bias among investors and knowledge about the effects of regulatory focus on funding outcomes by exploring the interaction between gender and entrepreneurial attitude.

  • 77.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Halmstad University.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. School of Economics.
    When stereotypical gender notions see the light of day, will they burst?: Venture capitalists' gender constructions versus venturing performance facts2018In: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 9, p. 32-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although often discussed, there has been limited effort to match venture capitalists’ construction of gender notions with specific facts about the entrepreneurs’ venturing activities. This study shows how stereotypical gender notions of both men and women entrepreneurs are embedded in venture capitalists’ assessments and analyses as well as explores whether or not these notions have substance based on actual performance. Drawing on interview data and statistical analysis of objective key performance information from accounting reports, we identify four myths in the evaluations of 126 venture capital applications for governmental capital that do not have any significant empirical substance. We discuss these findings’ implications for the study of myths in women's entrepreneurship.

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  • 78.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Managing competence acquisition and financial performance: An empirical study of how small firms use competence acquisition strategies2013In: Journal of engineering and technology management, ISSN 0923-4748, E-ISSN 1879-1719, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 327-349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Past research has neglected how small firms manage competence acquisition. Based on transaction cost literature, this article identifies competence acquisition management strategies and their implications for performance. We explore this issue using survey data from 842 small, knowledge-intensive firms. The results outline four aspects of competence acquisition management: (1) competence absorbers, (2) social acquirers, (3) market acquirers, and (4) nonacquirers. Furthermore, we hypothesized and found that market acquirers score higher in terms of financial performance than firms following the other strategies. The market acquirer strategy proved particularly effective under conditions of high dynamism.

  • 79.
    Norberg, Cathrine
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Accounting terminology and translation: a linguistic challenge2013In: The LSP Journal - Language for special purposes, professional communication, knowledge management and cognition, ISSN 1904-4135, E-ISSN 1904-4135, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 30-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on linguistic comparability and the understanding of accounting terms between languages in the context of international standardization of accounting principles. By analyzing the translations of the American English term income in bilingual dictionaries (English/Swedish and Swedish/English), the complexity of translating accounting terms, and the risk of miscommunication involved in the process, is highlighted.The study shows that non-technical uses of terms are commonly confused with technical uses, and that the information presented in bilingual technical dictionaries may be both incorrect and misleading. The research demonstrates the fuzzy nature of language, and shows that linguistic and cultural aspects in accounting communication cannot be ignored in the on-going work of standardizing accounting world-wide.

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  • 80.
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Halmstad University.
    Näsvall, Pia
    Region Norrbotten.
    Lack of patient interaction among swedish medical doctors2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Philipsson, Sahra
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Schley, Don
    Colorado Technical University.
    The ethical dilemma of global corporate governance: the maelstrom of increased complexity: the maelstrom of increased complexity: is it possible to learn to ride the dragon?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Shepherd, Dean A.
    et al.
    Mendoza College of Business, University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, IN, USA.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Hanken School of Economics, University of St.Gallen.
    Rallying the Troops and Defending against Sanctions: A Government Body Breaking Decision‐Making Rules to Fund Entrepreneurial Ventures2020In: Journal of Management Studies, ISSN 0022-2380, E-ISSN 1467-6486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical to top management’s organizing efforts are the formal rules for how organizational members are to make decisions. However, employees can break top management’s decision‐making rules. Although scholars have investigated rule breaking at the individual and group levels of analysis, research is needed into how members come together as a group to break an organization’s decision‐making rules, and how groups’ rule breaking persists. To address this important research gap, we draw from a real‐time qualitative investigation of both the breaking and following of decision‐making rules to develop a group model that: (1) explains how an individual can trigger his or her group to break decision‐making rules to generate perceived benefits for the group and/or others external to the organization, (2) provides insights into the mechanisms by which rule breaking persists, and (3) highlights the norms of developing and perpetuating groups’ breaking decision‐making rules.

  • 83.
    Sällström, Annika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Testbed for future internet services: Business model definition2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report includes the definition of the TEFIS business model.

  • 84.
    Sällström, Annika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Bouckaert, Stefan
    iMinds.
    Garcia, Santiago Martinez
    TID.
    Potts, Martin
    Martel.
    Quetin, Geraldine
    Interinnov.
    Riepula, Mikko
    Aalto.
    Grace, Paul
    IT Innovation.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Magen, Jacques
    Interinnov.
    Wauters, Tim
    iMinds.
    Schaffers, Hans
    Aalto.
    Fire collaboration models: final report2015Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 85.
    Sällström, Annika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Chronéer, Diana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Bouckert, Michael
    iMinds.
    Garcia, Santiago Martinez
    TID.
    Potts, Martin
    Martel.
    Quetin, Geraldine
    Interinnov.
    Riepula, Mikko
    Aalto.
    Grace, Paul
    IT Innovation.
    Amplifying future internet research and experimentation for a sustainable future: Fire collaboration models interim report2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration models for future internet

  • 86.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Does birds of a feather flock together?: A relational gender theory approach in entrepreneurial finance2018In: 21st Uddevalla Symposium, 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Gender in Crossroad: Queen Bees' and Alpha Males' hinder Access to Entrepreneurial Finance2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. CIEL - Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. University of St. Gallen, Institute of Technology Management, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    How much does the “same-gender effect” matter in VCs' assessments of entrepreneurs?2019In: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 12, article id e00133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our study uses cognitive mapping techniques to take into account how the same/opposite gender influences the cognitive evaluations of venture capitalists (VCs). Contrary to what has often been discussed in previous entrepreneurship literature, our results report women VCs evaluate women entrepreneurs more critically, and men VCs evaluate men entrepreneurs more critically. However, overall, the VCs' vaguer processing and lower rating of women's venturing compared to men's indicate a general structure of subordinating women's venturing compared to men's venturing. Ultimately, this contributes with an alternative view to explain what we see on the VC scene: women entrepreneurs are more likely to be rejected. We discuss implications of these results as well as implications for future study.

  • 89.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Hanken School of Economics.
    How vague entrepreneurial identities of Swedish women entrepreneurs are performed by government financiers2018In: Women entrepreneurs and the myth of 'underperformance': a new look at women's entrepreneurship research / [ed] edited by Shumaila Yousafzai, Alain Fayolle, Adam Lindgreen, Colette Henry, Saadat Saeed, Shandana Sheikh, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 107-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Queen Bees and Alpha MalesArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 91.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    When gender notions in access to finance see light of day, will they burst?2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Yannuzzi, M.
    et al.
    Networking and Information Technology Lab (NetIT Lab), Technical University of Catalonia (UPC).
    Siddiquia,, M. S.
    Networking and Information Technology Lab (NetIT Lab), Technical University of Catalonia (UPC).
    Sällström, Annika
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Pickering, B
    IT Innovation.
    Serral-Gracia, R
    Networking and Information Technology Lab (NetIT Lab), Technical University of Catalonia (UPC).
    ́ınez, A Mart
    Networking and Information Technology Lab (NetIT Lab), Technical University of Catalonia (UPC).
    Chen, W
    dIT.
    Taylor, S
    IT Innovation.
    Benbadis, F
    THALES Group.
    Leguay, E
    Thales.
    Borrelli, E
    Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et Automatique (INRIA).
    Ormaetxea, I
    Software Quality System.
    Campowsky, K
    Fraunhofer Institute FOKUS.
    Giammatteo, G
    Engineering, Ingegneria Informatica.
    Aristomenopoulos, S
    Institute of Communications and Computer Systems (ICCS), National Technical University of Athens (NTUA).
    Papavassiliou, S
    Kuczynski, T
    Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Center (PSNC).
    Zielinski, S
    Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Center (PSNC).
    Seigneur, J M
    University of Geneva.
    Lafuentel, C Ballester
    University of Geneva.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Masip-Bruin, X
    Advanced Network Architectures Lab (CRAAX), Technical University of Catalonia (UPC).
    Caria, M
    Technische Universität Braunschweig (TUBS).
    Junior, J R Ribeiro
    University of Sao Paolo.
    Salageanu, E
    ActiveEon.
    Latanicki, J
    THALES Group.
    TEFIS: A Single Access Point for Conducting Multifaceted Experiments on Heterogeneous Test Facilities2014In: Computer Networks, ISSN 1389-1286, E-ISSN 1872-7069, Vol. 63, p. 147-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A few years ago, an experimental facility composed of networking gear and simulation tools was sufficient for testing the main features of a prototype before the final product could be launched to the Internet market. This paradigm has certainly changed, but the lack of platforms enabling the realistic assessment of the different facets of a product, including cross-cutting trials across different testbeds, poses strong limitations for researchers and developers. In light of this, we present an open platform that offers a versatile combination of heterogeneous experimental facilities called “TEstbed for Future Internet Services” (TEFIS). TEFIS provides a single access point for conducting cutting-edge experiments on testbeds that supply different capabilities, including testbeds dedicated to network performance, software performance, grid computing, and living labs. We shall show that TEFIS covers the entire life-cycle of a multifaceted experiment, with the advantage that a single testrun can seamlessly execute across different experimental facilities. In order to demonstrate the potential and versatility of the TEFIS platform, we describe the deployment of four distinct experiments and provide a set of results highlighting the benefits of using TEFIS. The experiments described in this article cover: i) the experimentation with an open API called OPENER (which is an open and programmable environment for managing experimentation with SDN applications); ii) an application for skiers and tourists at the Megève ski resort in France; iii) an application that can dynamically adapt the Quality of Experience (QoE) of multimedia services for mobile users; and iv) an augmented reality workspace for remote education and learning purposes based on videoconferencing.

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    fulltext
  • 93.
    Chronéer, Diana (Editor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth (Editor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin (Editor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna (Editor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Techno-socio-economic analysis report2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this report is to explore the socio-techno-economic key factors and activities of relevance for the development of a sustainable testbed federation in Europe. In this process there is a need of incorporating a business model framework for enabling decision making in value creation and value capturing. This study shows that the federation has great opportunities to reach a broad market via the key partners networks. In this federation a span of testbeds are involved which provides a large knowledge and resource base. By being involved in the federation, partners and customers get access to a great variety of technical competences as well as testing resources for remote tests. Through the use of the resources offered in the federation, customers can build their own virtual testbed which makes it easier and cheaper for them to perform tests before their technology enters the market.

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