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  • 51.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    A bright side of the dark side: Can stressors enhance performance?2009Ingår i: Handbook of Stress: Causes, Effects and Control, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009, s. 435-439Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 52.
    Thorgren, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    A cause-effect study of inter-firm networking and corporate entrepreneurship: initial evidence of self-enforcing spirals2009Ingår i: Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1084-9467, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 355-373Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Participating in inter-firm networks has become increasingly popular to enhance corporate entrepreneurship. Trust, relationship diversity and knowledge transfer are considered some of the prominent cornerstones of well-functioning networks. Using longitudinal survey data covering a population of 41 firms operating in two SME networks, we examine cause-effect relationships between interorganizational trust, relationship diversity and knowledge transfer, and corporate entrepreneurship among networking firms. We found a causal influence of knowledge transfer and relational diversity on corporate entrepreneurship. Our approach also identified self-enforcing spirals between network constructs and corporate entrepreneurship. Firms displaying high corporate entrepreneurship may stimulate the creation of relationships such as those characterized by high knowledge transfer that, in turn, are relationship characteristics that stimulate corporate entrepreneurship.

  • 53.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    A comprehensive model of entrepreneur role stress antecedents and consequences2009Ingår i: Journal of business and psychology, ISSN 0889-3268, E-ISSN 1573-353X, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 225-243Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The aim of this study was to systematize findings in role stress research into original and conceptually important abstract higher-order constructs and to develop and test a comprehensive structural equation model that examined such expanded conceptualizations of antecedents and consequences to entrepreneur role stress. Design/Methodology/Approach Model tests were performed on data from a sample of 282 Swedish entrepreneurs (a usable rate of 22.5%) engaged in their first-year of venture activities. We used structural equation modeling, mediation tests and tests for common method bias to test the appropriateness of the model. Findings We found that role stress can be explained by expansions of lower-ranked, less abstract constructs embedded in a multiple-indicator model of venture technology, venture environment, and entrepreneur personality. The analysis confirmed that role stress is an important mediator and that it has pronounced relationships to expanded conceptualizations of role-related rewards and exhaustion. Implications This study advance role stress theory and existing knowledge about entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship when it introduces role stress and suggests it mediates the effects from personality traits, organizational and environmental characteristics, on higher-order conceptualizations of rewards and exhaustion. Originality/Value With contributions from several distinct disciplines over a half decade, prior research has not paid much attention to show how role stress research can benefit from more abstract conceptualizations and empirical evaluation. By synthesizing and developing expanded higher-level conceptualizations that link diversities, we show that expanded conceptualizations effectively enable to introduce role stress to entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship.

  • 54.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Are we ready to question causality in role stress research?2009Ingår i: Handbook of Stress: Causes, Effects and Control, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009, s. 442-445Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 55.
    Thorgren, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Designing interorganizational networks for innovation: an empirical examination of network configuration, formation and governance2009Ingår i: Journal of engineering and technology management, ISSN 0923-4748, E-ISSN 1879-1719, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 148-166Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Strategic SME networks have received significant policy attention, yet a review of the current literature reveals limited attention to the factors that contribute to network innovation. This study examines the influence of the number of member firms (network size), the extent to which a network is based on firm incentives (bottom-up formation), and the extent of development of the governance structure (size of administrative function) on a network's innovative performance. Latent growth modeling with longitudinal data from 53 networks reveals that larger networks and bottom-up formed networks achieve greater innovative performance, and that the administrative function partially mediates these effects.

  • 56.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Gender differences in entrepreneur role withdrawal2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 57. Anokhin, Sergey
    et al.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Thorgren, Sara
    Wincent, Joakim
    Innovating through corporate venture capital: role of network and industry characteristics2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 58. Anokhin, Sergey
    et al.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Thorgren, Sara
    Wincent, Joakim
    Risky information exchange: how network position can cause difficulties for corporate innovation2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the Twenty-ninth Annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference, 2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To enhance innovation effectiveness, many incumbent corporations make equity investments in young technological startups. Four out of five corporate investors syndicate at least some of their investments with other incumbents. While syndication practices may be beneficial to incumbent corporations, in this study we elaborate on the notion of information exchange paradox to demonstrate that syndication may be detrimental to corporate innovation. Using a unique data set of investment decisions of 163 corporations over four years, we show that for some corporations the losses of participating in syndicate networks may outweigh the gains. In particular, we demonstrate that syndication network centrality negatively moderates the ability of a corporation to benefit from its investments. We also show that the effect is particularly strong in highly concentrated industries but is virtually non-existent in industries with low concentration. This supports a contingency view of syndication and implies that benefiting from equity investments in startups is a non-trivial task for managers of incumbent corporations.

  • 59.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Role stress and entrepreneurship research2009Ingår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship as a domain of research has grown by benefiting from more established disciplines. However, a commonality in the early stages of applying established theories to entrepreneurship is the lack of grounded research frameworks. This paper reviews literature on role stress and develops a conceptual framework that illustrates how this construct can serve entrepreneurship research. Based on a review of psychological and sociological literature, the paper proposes a model of antecedents and consequences to entrepreneur role stress. Suggestions for future research and practical implications are also presented

  • 60.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    The spiral of loss: on reciprocal causality in role stress research2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 61.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    When nice guys finish first: the role of reciprocal altruism for networking performance and commitment2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the Twenty-ninth Annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference, 2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 62.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Activity: European Academy of Management 2008 Conference2008Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 63.
    Thorgren, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    How to achieve innovative performance in strategic SME networks: a latent growth design2008Ingår i: Proceedings: 2nd Conference on Nordic Innovation Research, December 3-4 2007; Luleå University of Technology / [ed] Håkan Ylinenpää, Luleå tekniska universitet, 2008, s. 70-95Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 64.
    Thorgren, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Network architecture for innovative performance: lessons from a latent growth design2008Ingår i: 2008 IEEE International Conference on Management of Innovation and Technology: [ICMIT 2008] ; Bangkok, Thailand, 21 - 24 September 2008, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2008, s. 195-200Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Strategic small and medium-sized enterprise networks have received significant policy attention for their potential role in improving innovation, but a review of the literature reveals merely anecdotal evidence. This article extends previous findings by researching the influence of network size, bottom-up formation, and size of administrative function on network innovative performance. By using longitudinal data from 53 strategic SME networks and latent growth modeling, we find that larger networks and networks formed by members achieve greater innovative performance and tend to enlarge their administrative function more rapidly, which also influences the level and growth of network innovative performance.

  • 65.
    Thorgren, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Networking and corporate entrepreneurship: a study of cause and effect relationships2008Ingår i: International Council for Small Business World Conference: June 22-25 2008, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, ICSB , 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This cross-lagged longitudinal study investigates relationships between a firm's relational characteristics (knowledge transferability, trust, and diversity) and corporate entrepreneurship. We use survey and interview material covering an entire population of firms in two strategic small firm networks. Structural equation modeling is used to compare four competing causal models: (1) a stability model without cross-lagged structural paths, (2) a regular causation model (relational characteristics influences corporate entrepreneurship), (3) a reverse causation model (corporate entrepreneurship influences relational characteristics), and (4) a reciprocal causation model (both regular and reverse causation combined). We found support for the reciprocal causation model.

  • 66.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Drnovsek, Mateja
    University of Ljubljana.
    The entrepreneur's role stressors and proclivity for a venture withdrawal2008Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 232-246Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We test a causal model of entrepreneurs' role stressors-role conflict, role ambiguity, and role overload-and their relationships with exhaustion and reduced perceptions of compensation for one's efforts which over time lead to the development of a proclivity for venture withdrawal. Using structural equation modelling and a 2-year longitudinal data set, we find empirical support for the proposed causal model. Overall, the empirical results support the indirect influence of role stressors and highlight the direct effects of enhanced exhaustion and reduced perceptions of compensation for one's efforts on a proclivity for a new venture withdrawal. The paper concludes by proposing implications for theory and further research.

  • 67.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Anokhin, Sergey
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    The role of cooperativeness for value creation in networks2008Ingår i: 2008 IEEE International Conference on Management of Innovation and Technology: [ICMIT 2008] ; Bangkok, Thailand, 21 - 24 September 2008, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2008, s. 210-215Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper elaborate upon how cooperate problems with partners can restrict a firm's ability to extract value from network ties when in a strategic network. In a four-year study based on 82 observations of 41 firms, we find support for that the interaction between cooperativeness among the partners that a focal firm is tied to (i.e., positive orientation toward resource contribution) together with network tie properties (i.e. strength of ties and betweenness centrality) improves firm performance. No influences were found for the interaction involving degree centrality and partner cooperativeness. We discuss implications and provide suggestions to further research.

  • 68.
    Lindström, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Tourism development in the north of Sweden2008Ingår i: Proceedings Tourism Conference 2008, 2008, s. 1-21Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to discuss and analyze an empirical investigation performed in the counties of Norrbotten and Västerbotten in Sweden. Specifically, the aim was to identify and value potentials and pitfalls in the development of tourism in the northern part of Sweden. In doing so we, among other things, discuss potential meeting places for interactivities, possibilities for collaboration, problem solutions and need for capacitating expressed from predecessor for officials, non profit organizations, educational sector and industrial life. The study results are based on a textual analysis of strategic documents and interviews with representatives for tourism business, organizations and officials. The content analysis of strategic documents from the municipalities represented in this research contains methods, aims and objectives for developing leisure and tourism. A total of 14 representatives from the county of Norrbotten and Västerbotten were interviewed and thereby contributed to the present study. It is possible to cluster these persons into four distinguished groups: 1) civil servants/destination developers from municipalities, 2) civil servants from county councils/university, 3) companies and 4) associations active with tourism activities. Civil servants from the municipalities Umeå, Skellefteå, Boden, and Piteå were interviewed. Two representatives came from the county of Västerbotten and one from the county of Norrbotten. One researcher from the county of Västerbotten was interviewed as well. Umeå and Skellefteå are situated in the county of Västerbotten and have 110 000 and 72 000 inhabitants respectively. Piteå and Boden with 41 000 and 28 100 inhabitants respectively are situated in the county of Norrbotten. Result from interviews of destination developers as well as entrepreneurs indicate clear possibilities for developing leisure and tourism in both counties. Furthermore, interview results underline that northern part of Sweden is interesting for several tourism groups as the brand has been successfully developed over the last years. However, results from this study also point at some important areas in need of further development. Firstly, this study highlights the importance of developing strategically plans on county and local levels but as well to develop a strategic plan which crosses the boarders of the regions municipalities and counties to avoid sub-optimation and other types of difficulties related to decentralization. Secondly, the region is in need of a joint work force to coordinate an package attractions and experiences for prospective and existing tourists. Thirdly, an increased discussion and work on sustainability and accessibility is needed to prepare the region for future tourist needs. Sustainable leisure and tourism will be more important in the future at the same time as we can expect increases in numbers of tourists, which can be viewed as somewhat of a paradox. Fifthly, this study also highlights the importance of developing a program for education of tourism entrepreneurs. Several of the interviewed destination developers and tourism entrepreneurs mentioned the need to improve the level of education among tourism entrepreneurs as this is viewed important to be able to meet needs and expectations from an increasing amount of tourists. Finally, host ship and services from each citizen in this part of Sweden will be critical factors for success or fail.

  • 69.
    Drnovsek, Mateja
    et al.
    University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Who, what and when to cope with role stress?: coping strategies used by entrepreneurs in new ventures2008Ingår i: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2007: Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh Annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference / [ed] Andrew Zacharakis, Babson College Center , 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a self regulation perspective to argue that entrepreneurial effectiveness is driven by the coping strategies entrepreneurs use to meet expectations of stakeholders involved in the opportunity exploitation processes. As stakeholders advance their expectations and thus impact the roles of entrepreneurs in the process, role related conflicts, ambiguities and overloads, easily emerge. To resolve such conflicts entrepreneurs engage in coping strategies. We posit that four coping strategies are relevant for entrepreneurial effectiveness: structural role redefinition, personal role redefinition, reactive role behavior, and passive role behavior.

  • 70.
    Johansson, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    A method for evaluating InternetBay2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 71.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Activity: EFMD Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Small Business (EISB) Conference: a multidimensional model2007Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 72.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Activity: EURAM Conference: a role stress perspective2007Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 73.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Activity: Strategic Management Society2007Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 74. Pesämaa, Ossi
    et al.
    Hair, J.F.
    Klefsjö, Bengt
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Developing a thermometer measuring tourist's needs, expectations and experiences: an empirical study of visitors in Norrbotten2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 75.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Entrepreneur role stress: essays on the travails of the entrepreneur2007Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to contribute to a better understanding of the social situation of the entrepreneur and the travails of entrepreneurship. More specifically, it examines the role of the entrepreneur by acknowledging that the role is influenced by expectations and proscriptions of stakeholders, scripts for social conducts, and norms. This influence opens up situations demarcated by demanding expectations and resource inadequacies-in terms of role stress-which complicate entrepreneurs' role fulfillment. The detrimental consequences of role stress have been widely acknowledged in professions outside the entrepreneurship setting. Recognizing that role stress is a well-established field of research, the role of the entrepreneur is related to some unique characteristics but with limited prior focus earned. This study therefore aims at contributing to a better understanding of entrepreneurs' role stress, traces possible antecedents, and maps some potential consequences. The thesis is based on a selection of seven academic papers. A meta- analytic review of prominent role stress consequences, together with a narrative literature review of role stress antecedents, lays the foundation for a conceptual analysis of how role stress can be used in entrepreneurship research. A subsequent theoretical analysis of this material implied and strengthened the thesis that the inclusion of role stress is valuable in the study of entrepreneurs. Empirical examinations in different scholarly papers support the role of the entrepreneur and reveal that role stress is an important and prominent phenomenon among entrepreneurs. Role stress is found both to influence the likelihood of inclination for new venture termination and to reduce performance and satisfaction. In a two-year longitudinal data set, role stressors are shown to transform to a proclivity for venture withdrawal through feelings of burnout and dissatisfaction, which sustains over time once triggered. The effect of burnout feelings is direct but not sustained, while the effects from dissatisfaction are lagged. Examining the origin and consequences of entrepreneurs' role stress reveals the lack of fit between entrepreneurs' personality traits and environmental characteristics to develop role stress, and that invested personal resources aiming to resolve role stress can increase venture performance at the cost of exhaustion and reduced self-satisfaction. Further examinations reveal that role stress experiences transform into functional outcomes depending on the coping strategies employed and the levels of role stress experienced. Results moreover reveal that negotiating expectations and/or working harder to meet expectations positively affect venture performance, whereas suppressing perceived expectations negatively influences venture performance.

  • 76. Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Drnovsek, Mateja
    University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Entrepreneurs' coping with challenging role expectations2007Ingår i: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 288-304Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to analyze entrepreneurs' coping strategies used to face stakeholders' expectations. Design/methodology/approach - The paper draws from the general management, role theory, and entrepreneurship literature to develop hypotheses that are tested by using hierarchical regression techniques on a sample of 183 Slovenian entrepreneurs. The paper develops and tests four coping strategies (structural role redefinition, personal role redefinition, reactive role behavior, and passive role behavior) to assess influence on new venture performance. The analysis examines moderating effects of entrepreneurs' perceived role-related stress. Findings - Results reveal that coping strategies focused on reducing expectations and/or working harder to meet expectations positively affect new venture performance. However, entrepreneurs' focus on suppressing perceived expectations negatively influences new venture performance. Furthermore, entrepreneurs' role-related stress moderates the relationship between reactive role behavior and new venture performance. Research limitations/implications - This study provides a better understanding of types of coping strategies available to entrepreneurs and practical consequences for new venture performance. It also explores why some entrepreneurs perform well and why some may quit early being an entrepreneur while others remain and prosper in their role. Possible study limitations are discussed due to sample characteristics and measurement. Practical implications - The study results are relevant for practising and nascent entrepreneurs, support organizations, and policy makers since empirical evidence can be used in designing entrepreneurs' training and competency-building programs. Originality/value - This study is among the first to illustrate effects on early entrepreneurial performance of coping strategies to meet stakeholders' expectations and, indirectly, entrepreneurs' ability to endure establishing a new venture.

  • 77.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Anokhin, Sergey
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Innovation in strategic SME networks: understanding the effects of network board monitoring2007Ingår i: Academy of Management [electronic resource]: 2007 annual meeting proceedings / [ed] George T. Solomon, Academy of Management , 2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 78.
    Garvare, Rickard
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Lindström, Lisbeth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Lovén, Erik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Inventering av utbildningsbehov i turismföretag: slutrapport2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 79. Pesämaa, Ossi
    et al.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Hair, Joe F. Jr.
    Is loyalty important for your tourism partner?: examining the gap between expected and experienced trust and its effect on loyalty2007Ingår i: ISET Proceedings, 2007, s. 212-221Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 80. Pesämaa, Ossi
    et al.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Hair, Joseph F.
    Is loyalty important for your tourism partner?: examining the gap between expected and experienced trust and its effect on loyalty2007Ingår i: World Journal of Tourism Small Business Management, ISSN 1991-1394, Vol. 1, nr 3, s. 23-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 81. Pesämaa, Ossi
    et al.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Hair, Joseph F.
    Kennesaw State University, Georgia.
    It's all about trust and loyalty: partner selection mechanisms in tourism networks2007Ingår i: World Journal of Tourism Small Business Management, ISSN 1991-1394, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 12-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Does expected partner or task related criteria affect how trust and loyalty is developed between tourism firms? This paper poses a model developed on the assumption that well defined partner and task related partner expectations and experienced trust build loyalty between tourism firms. The model provides a more precise assessment for scholars that believe trust is related to the risk associated with personal relationships between two or more firms, and that risk depends on expectations derived from personal relationships. The model also integrates the role of experienced trust in transforming different partner selection criteria into loyalty. The contribution of the model is that it provides insights into cooperative relationships by examining the role of trust between small tourism firms when cooperation is being established. Data from a sample of 99 tourism firms in the Northern U.S. is used to test the model. The findings provide implications for tourism scholars and policymakers interested in developing managerial strategies based on personal relationships.

  • 82.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Mötesplats Upplevelseindustrin Piteå: metoder, process och utfall av tre pilotprojekt2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 83.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Drnovsek, Mateja
    University of Ljubljana.
    Wincent, Joakim
    The influence of coping strategies on new venture performance2007Ingår i: The first Nordic innovation research conference - Finnkampen / [ed] Harri Haapasalo; Päivi Iskanius, Oulu: University of Oulu, 2007, s. 227-240Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes entrepreneurs' coping strategies to manage stakeholders' expectations. We develop and test four coping strategies (structural role redefinition, personal role redefinition, reactive role behavior and passive role behavior) to assess influence on new venture performance. The analysis considers potential moderating effects of entrepreneurs' perceived role-related stress. We draw from the general management, role theory, and entrepreneurship literature to develop hypotheses, tested using hierarchical regression based on responses from 183 Slovenian entrepreneurs. Results reveal that coping strategies focused on reducing expectations and/or working harder to meet expectations positively affect new venture performance. However, entrepreneurs' focus on suppressing perceived expectations negatively influences new venture performance. Furthermore, entrepreneur's role-related stress moderates the relationship between reactive role behavior and new venture performance. This study provides a better understanding of types of coping strategies available to entrepreneurs and practical consequences for new venture performance. It also explores why some entrepreneurs perform well and why some quit early while others remain and prosper in their role. We acknowledge possible limitations due to sample characteristics and measurement. The study provides practicing and nascent entrepreneurs, support organizations, and policy makers with evidence for use in the design of entrepreneurs' training and competency-building programs.

  • 84.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Johansson, Johan
    The role of motive congruence in strategic networks2007Ingår i: The first Nordic innovation research conference - Finnkampen / [ed] Harri Haapasalo; Päivi Iskanius, Oulu: University of Oulu, 2007, s. 242-251Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on thoughts from literature on organizational fit, this study focuses on understanding why some firms gain more from network participation than others. We hypothesize that firms performance from participating in networks is dependent on network motive congruence and that this relationship is moderated by entrepreneurial orientation. Analysis of 55 organizations from two networks supports the role of  network motive congruence for internally oriented motives, such as concerning economies of scales and joint research and development motives. However, motive congruence appears not as important in matters of externally oriented motives, such as entering new markets or sustaining existing market positions. Findings indicate that entrepreneurial orientation can moderate the relationship between network motive congruence and networking performance.

  • 85.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    A conceptualization and empirical test of entrepreneur role stress2006Ingår i: Proceedings, EURAM 6th Annual Conference: Energizing European Management, European Academy of Management , 2006, s. 96-Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Role stress has been studied in business administration and social psychology in general, with limited attention to the entrepreneurship context. This paper defines entrepreneur role stress from a literature review and empirically examines the structure and homogeneity of a proposed construct and its properties in a survey directed to 1,500 entrepreneurs. Factor analysis reveals entrepreneur role stress as being consistent with the three facets proposed - role conflict, role ambiguity and role overload. Further, homogeneity tests indicate that the structure of role stress is not significantly different between subgroups of entrepreneurs (serial vs. novice entrepreneurs, push vs. pull entrepreneurs), implying the usability of role stress among entrepreneurs.

  • 86.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    A conceptualization of entrepreneurs' role stress2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship as a domain of research has grown by benefiting from more established disciplines. However, a commonality in the early stages of applying established theories to entrepreneurship is the lack of grounded research frameworks. This paper reviews literature on role stress and develops a conceptual framework that illustrates how this construct can serve entrepreneurship research. Based on a review of psychological and sociological literature, the paper proposes a model of antecedents and consequences to entrepreneur role stress. Suggestions for future research and practical implications are also presented.

  • 87. Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    A study of role stress consequences2006Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 88.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Johansson, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    An evaluation of InternetBay 2005-01-01 - 2005-12-312006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 89.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Analyzing the structure of entrepreneur role stress2006Ingår i: Journal of Business & Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1042-6337, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 1-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 90.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Masli, Eryadi K.
    Rahman, Sheikh F.
    Selvarajah, Christopher
    Determinants of capital structure in new ventures: Evidence from Swedish longitudinal data2006Ingår i: Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1084-9467, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 277-296Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The early years are seen as a crucial period for the survival of ventures and yet only a limited number of studies have focused on successful new ventures when studying capital structure. Furthermore, only a few studies have included longitudinal data, tracking ventures over time, or have elaborated on the difference between short-term and long-term debt ratios when studying capital structure. In this paper, hypotheses are developed, based on capital structure theories and literature on new venture financing, and are tested on longitudinal empirical data. Results of multivariate analysis, through structural equation modeling, reveals that: (1) asset structure assists in explaining the variance in capital structure; (2) explained variance in dependent variables is decreasing for each of the four years studied; and (3) multi-group analysis reveals that the determinants influence short-term and long-term debt differently in the first four years of venture existence. Implications of this study suggest that determinants of capital structure in new ventures require theorizing of its own and demand special attention in entrepreneurial policy-making.

  • 91.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Identifying prominent and emerging antecedents to role stress2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 92.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Modeling and analyzing entrepreneur role stress2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 93.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Prominent consequences of role stress: a meta-analytic review2006Ingår i: International Journal of Stress Management, ISSN 1072-5245, E-ISSN 1573-3424, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 399-422Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Role stress has received a lot of research attention in psychological, sociological, and organizational studies over the last several decades. Based on a literature review of about 300 journal articles, this article examines prominent consequences of role stress. Specific focus is on researching differences in relationships between facets of role stress (i.e., role ambiguity, role conflict, and role overload) and frequently cited consequences using techniques of meta-analysis. Findings indicate that each role stress facet has a different relationship with the eight consequences studied. Role stress research can benefit from looking at each facet individually in addition to role stress generally

  • 94.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Anokhin, S.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Watching eyes, friend or foe?: network board monitoring and innovative performance of the member firms2006Ingår i: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Principal Topic Innovation goes hand in hand with creativity and freedom. Yet, with separation of ownership and governance, too much freedom might invoke a host of issues associated with the agency problem. Monitoring has been cited as one of the universal cures against agency-related issues. Though effective in most cases, whether or not (and to what extent) monitoring is beneficial when tasks in question are highly innovative remains under-researched. We explore relationships between monitoring and innovative performance in the context of Swedish strategic small- and medium-size networks (SME networks). Strategic SME networks consist of geographically proximate independent but related small- and medium-sized firms that cooperate to improve their innovative stature by means of multilateral intra-network technology and know-how exchange. As the degree of intra-network cooperation differs between the membership firms, and there is a possibility for free-riding, the networks often establish boards responsible for monitoring network innovative activities. Effects of such monitoring are the main focus of our study. MethodTo tackle the questions posed by the study, we used five-year panel data on 53 Swedish networks collected through extensive telephone interviews and questionnaires from network representatives and policy makers responsible for the network support throughout the country. Both linear and non-linear effects were examined. Given the nature of our data, we employed a within estimator with first-order autoregressive disturbance term as suggested by the appropriate econometric tests.Results and ImplicationsOur results indicate that having board members compensation determined by the outcomes of the innovative activities of the member firms significantly improves network innovative performance. At the same time, relationships between network board independence and size, and innovation performance are more complex. While remaining positive, effect of the network board size on innovative performance diminishes. Effect of the board independence, on the other hand, remains positive only up to a certain threshold beyond which board independence actually hampers network innovative performance. Our findings help resolve some of the controversies reported by the previous literature, suggest several areas for future work on network board composition in strategic SME networks context, and contribute to entrepreneurship, agency, and networks literatures.

  • 95.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Adoption, use and influence of computer based information systems for product development: qualitative studies of small firms within the wood industry2005Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Research about small firm product development has increased. Firm internal forces have earlier been mentioned to be crucial for success in product development management. A more recent approach has been to focus on firm external forces concerning product development. Studies have focused on sources for product development, and only very few studies focus on the information systems used for addressing external parties in product development related work. Techniques and methods for enhancing the management and work with product development are central, why it is argued to be important to concentrate on the role of the media for information and communication between the firms that develops new products and its environment. It has been argued that the media Computer Based Information Systems (henceforth CBIS) can improve business processes, although the fast emergence of the research area leaves few studies supporting their arguments and propositions with empirical material. Furthermore, few have come to address the small firm context. As a response, this licentiate thesis includes a pre-study, which questions how and why small firms use CBIS for product development. A part of the purpose with the pre-study is also to identify how further research, in the form of the main study, can address this research area. The results, from interviews with 36 CEOs of small firms in the wood industry, reveal two distinct usage areas of CBIS for product development: unilateral (i.e. information gathering) and multilateral (i.e. communicative) usage. The main study sets out to address questions such as: Why do some small firms use CBIS for product development? How do these small firms use CBIS for product development? How does these small firms use of CBIS influence their product development? The main interest in the main study is to have an in-depth focus of the empirical material; wherefore interviews with informants from two firms have been conducted. Interview technique resembling narratives have been used to focus on histories and processes of product development within the firms. The results are divided into three areas. 1) The adoption of CBIS in the firm and for product development. This seems to be influenced by the perceived necessity to use CBIS, the perceived benefits with using CBIS and the CBIS competence possessed or accessed. 2) The use and influences of CBIS on product development, which can be divided into unilateral and multilateral use of CBIS. Media selection theories are argued as important for understanding why CBIS is used, and the influence CBIS has on product development is related to the reasons for selection the specific media. 3) Contextual influences are discussed as influencing the use of CBIS for product development in the contexts of the product, the firm and the firm's environment.

  • 96.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Entrepreneurial role stress: proposing a construct and an agenda for further research2005Ingår i: Bridging the Gap: Entrepreneurship in Theory and Practice: EDGE Conference 2005 Proceedings, Singapore Management University , 2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 97.
    Westerberg, Mats
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Länsstyrelsens storprojekt trä: utvärdering av samverkansprojekt inom träsektorn i Jämtland 2000-20022003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 98.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Towards an understanding of CBIS in small firms' product development: empirical evidence from the wood industry2003Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 99. Westerberg, Mats
    et al.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    YWOOD: utvärdering av samverkansprojekt inom träsektorn i Västernorrland 2000-20022003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 100.
    Wincent, Joakim
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    En modell för att förklara uthållig tillväxt i småföretag2002Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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