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  • 951.
    Vikman, Irene
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Nordlund, Anders
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Falls among old people receiving home-help services2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 952.
    Vikman, Irene
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Nordlund, Anders
    Stockholm University.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Incidence of falls among old people recieving home help services in a swedish municipality2009Inngår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 13, nr 6, Suppl. 1, s. S428-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Falls among old people are a well-mapped phenomenon, however, falls among people living in the community and receiving home-help services have been scarcely studied. Therefore, we investigated falls among community living home-help receivers in a Swedish municipality. This prospective cohort study included all 614 persons aged 65 and over, receiving municipality home help during one year from October 2005 in a particular community. Data on age, sex, and home help service use were collected from home-help services records, and falls were reported by staff on report forms specifically designed for the study. The overall fall incidence was 626 per 1000 PY, and incidence rate ratios were significantly correlated to total amount of services (p<0,001), as well as to the amounts of help for I-ADL needs (p<0,001), P-ADL needs (p<0,001), meal distribution (p<0,001) and escort service (p=0,004).The proportion of falls reported as resulting in injury was 33 %. In conclusion, the fall incidence rate among home-help receivers aged 65 and over seems strongly correlated to the amount of services. This implies that fall prevention should be considered when planning the care for old people with ADL and mobility needs.

  • 953.
    Vikman, Irene
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Nordlund, Anders
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Näslund, Annika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Incidence and seasonality of falls amongst old people receiving home help services in a municipality in northern Sweden2011Inngår i: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 70, nr 2, s. 195-204Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. Falls among old people is a well-documented phenomenon; however, falls among people living in the community and receiving home help services have been under-researched. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence, including possible seasonal variation, circumstances and injuries related to falls among community living home help receivers, and to investigate whether fall incidence is associated with the type and amount of home help services received. Study design. Prospective cohort study. Methods. All 614 persons aged 65 and over who were living in a particular northern Swedish community and receiving municipality home help were included. Data on age, sex and home help service use were collected from home help service records, and falls were reported by staff on report forms specifically designed for the study. Results. A total number of 264 falls were recorded among 122 participants. The overall fall incidence was 626 per 1,000 PY, and incidence rate ratios were significantly correlated to the total amount of services used (p<0.001), as well as to the degree of help for I-ADL needs (p<0.001), P-ADL needs (p<0.001) and escort service (p=0.007). The proportion of falls reported as resulting in injury was 33%. The monthly fall incidence was significantly associated to daylight photoperiod, however it was not associated to temperature. Conclusions. Fall incidence among home help receivers aged 65 and over seems correlated to the amount of services they receive. This is probably explained by the fact that impairments connected to ADL limitations and home help needs also are connected to an increased risk of falls. This implies that fall prevention should be considered when planning home help care for old people with ADL limitations. Further research on the connection between daylight photoperiod and fall incidence in populations at different latitudes is needed.

  • 954.
    von Schoultz, Rasmus
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Brynolfsson, Anton
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Är det bättre att löpa på framfoten, eller har vi fått det om bakfoten?: En jämförande pilotstudie av generell muskelaktivitet och maximala ledvinklar vid två olika löpstilar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Löpare drabbas ofta av olika överbelastningsskador, varför diskussionen om vilken löpstil en ska välja uppstått med ett ökande intresse hos allmänheten. Tidigare studier har visat att löpning på hälen genererar högre muskelaktivitet i Tibialis anterior och löpning på framfoten aktiverar Gastrocnemius i högre grad. Enligt vissa studier tycks biomekaniska skillnader kunna förutsäga vilka individer som riskerar att drabbas av olika skador. Syftet var att jämföra inomindividuella skillnader gällande muskelaktivitet och ledvinklar i nedre extremitet mellan löpning med hälisättning och löpning på framfoten. Metod: Två män, 28 och 29 år gamla med liknande träningsbakgrund sprang varsin gång med bägge löpstilarna, varpå den generella muskelaktiviteten och ett medelvärde av maxvärdena för ledvinklarna beräknades. Datainsamlingen gjordes med elektromyografi för muskelaktivitet och tröghetssensorer för 3D-rörelseanalys. Musklerna som testades var Gluteus medius, Biceps femoris, mediala Gastrocnemius och Tibialis anterior. Ledvinklarna som undersöktes var höftens flexion-extension, abduktion-adduktion och in- och utåtrotation, knäets flexion-extension, samt fotens plantarflexion-dorsalextension och inversion-eversion. Resultat: Muskelaktiviteten i Gluteus medius, Biceps femoris och Gastrocnemius var högre vid framfotsisättning, medan Tibialis anterior hade högst aktivitet vid hälisättning, hos bägge testpersonerna. Plantarflexionen var större hos den ena personen vid framfotsisättning, medan dorsalextensionen var som störst vid hälisättning. Konklusion: Enligt vår kännedom finns inga tidigare studier som undersökt maximala ledvinklar och generell muskelaktivitet, där testpersonerna haft liknande erfarenhet av de bägge löpstilarna. Undersökningen bidrar till ökad kunskap om individuella skillnader i ledvinklar mellan löpstilarna hos testpersonerna. Studier med ett större antal deltagare som byter från en löpstil till en annan behövs för att kunna fastställa hur muskelaktivitet och ledvinklar påverkas. 

  • 955. Wendt, Lennart von
    et al.
    Ekenberg, Lilly
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Dagis, Daina
    Janlert, Urban
    Samhällsmedicinska enheten i Luleå.
    A parent-centred approach to physiotherapy for their handicapped children1984Inngår i: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 445-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A study was made of a parent-centred model for physiotherapy for a group of handicapped children in a sparsely inhabited region in northern Sweden. The parents were responsible for daily therapy, supervised by physiotherapists and occupational therapists. A questionnaire sent to all the parents showed that in 26 of the 39 families who responded the child was receiving daily therapy. Both parents took part in all but three cases, but eight families reported difficulties with the training. The authors conclude that the parents were not overstrained by their high degree of involvement, provided there was close supervision and adequate economic and emotional support.

  • 956.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Normark, Carl Jörgen
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Axelsson, Sarianne Wiklund
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    HealthCloud: promoting healthy living through co-design of user experiences in a digital service2018Inngår i: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, 2018, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the interdisciplinary HealthCloud pre-study project was twofold: to further

    knowledge of user experiences of inclusive interface design specifically for an ageing

    population, and to develop a digital service for senior persons with sensory decline to promote

    healthy living and active ageing. A co-design approach was chosen to investigate the project

    aim and knowledge and user experiences was jointly developed and evaluated in three

    sequential steps in a participant-group of senior persons. In the design of the conceptual user

    interface, the identified core aspect involved a strive for utility: quality of appropriateness in

    use, and significance: how designs assume meaning in the ways they are used, as well as

    simplicity: to reduce, organize, and making it enjoyable to use. The digital service outcome

    consists of validation of previous research themes: keeping the family together; enjoying life

    at home; being close to nature; self-development; and promoting conditions for healthy

    ageing. The pre-study project outcomes are prototypes of digital health service content and

    interfaces, aimed for a future digital HealthCloud service. Participants in the reference-group

    found the developed interface easy to use regardless of previous computer skills and they

    were also motivated and stimulated by the developed prototypes for promoting active ageing

    on a daily basis. Participants also expressed a desire to display and recommend such digital

  • 957.
    Wiklund Axelsson, Sarianne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Wikberg Nilsson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design. Luleå University of Technology.
    Normark, Carl Jörgen
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    HealthCloud: Participatory design of user interfaces for senior people's active aging2017Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the HealthCloud project has been twofold: to develop knowledge of user needs for interface design specifically for an ageing population, and also to develop a user interface design specially designed for senior persons with sensory decline to promote healthy living through five Core Health Projects. A participatory approach was chosen to investigate the aim of the project and data was collected and analysed in three sequential steps. A reference-group with senior citizens recruited from retirement organizations interactively evolved data for the project during three workshops. The continuous interaction with the reference group resulted in a conceptual user interface design aimed for the digital HealthCloud service. In the design of the conceptual user interface, the identified core factors were a strive for simplicity: to reduce, organize, and make it enjoyable to use. Participants in the reference-group found the developed interface easy to use regardless of previous computer skills and they were also motivated and stimulated by the interface to start using the computer for promoting their health om a daily basis. Participants also wanted to display and recommend this interface to other members of retirement organizations.

  • 958.
    Wiklund Axelsson, Sarianne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Melander Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Sustainable Lifestyle Change: Participatory Design of Support Together with Persons with Obesity in the Third Age2016Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, ISSN 1661-7827, Vol. 13, nr 12, artikkel-id 1248Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable lifestyle changes due to obesity are difficult to achieve regardless methods used. We need to know more about the lived experience of obesity and older persons’ needs for support to make a sustainable change. This paper focuses on the need-finding process in designing support for a sustainable lifestyle change. Multistage focus group interviews were conducted with persons aged 61–72 living in Northern Sweden. A participatory and appreciative reflection and action (PAAR) approach was used in the group-sessions. Probes were used to increase reflections and achieve a deeper knowledge about the participants’ needs of support. Data were analysed using qualitative thematic content analysis. Our findings revealed that to be able to succeed with a lifestyle change a focus has to be on a converted way of thinking, managing vulnerability, and achieving an emotional balance. To achieve a sustainable lifestyle change due to obesity in the third age the focus has to be on a health identity instead of a weight identity. Personalised support with enjoyable physical activities should be designed and developed. Strategies for emotional balance based on autonomy and self-empowerment must be included. This knowledge is important when designing support for sustainable change.

  • 959.
    Wiklund, Christina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Självskattad arbetsförmåga och arbetsförhållanden vid utmattningssyndrom för och efter en arbetsplatsinriktad intervention2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Bakgrund: Den vanligaste sjukskrivningsorsaken är psykiatriska diagnoser. Diagnosen anpassningsstörningar och stressreaktioner ökar mest, där utmattningssyndrom är underdiagnos. Faktorer i arbetslivet är relaterade till de höga sjuktalen. För att nå återgång i arbete krävs det att arbetsgivaren involveras. Det saknas idag kunskap om hur personer med utmattningssyndrom skattar sin arbetsförmåga och arbetsmiljö före och efter arbetsplatsinterventioner. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka självskattad arbetsförmåga och självskattade arbetsförhållanden hos individer med utmattningssyndrom orsakad av arbete och/eller privatliv före och efter en arbetsplatsintervention. Metod:Kvantitativ deskriptiv studie. Arbetsplatsintervention ADA+. I interventionen deltog 51 deltagare, 41 kvinnor och 10 män, med utmattningssyndrom. Självskattningar via WAI och WEMS gjordes före och efter deltagande i interventionen. Resultat: Den självskattade arbetsförmågan ökade signifikant. Kvinnorna skattade arbetsförmåga ökade mer än männens. Inom självskattade arbetsförhållanden ökade skattningarna signifikant i fyra av sex dimensioner. Kvinnorna skattade före interventionen lägre än männen inom stödjande arbetsförhållanden, självbestämmande, ledarskap och förändringsarbete och männen skattade lägre inom individuell upplevelse och tidsupplevelse. Dessa skillnader kvarstod efter interventionen. Konklusion: Resultaten pekar mot vikten av förebyggande arbete i arbetslivet och att arbetsmarknaden i Sverige är könssegregerad. Då männen i studien var få och ingen kontrollgrupp fanns går dock inga slutsatser att dra.

  • 960.
    Wiklund-Axelsson, Sari-Anne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Ready for eHealth2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to predict the usage of health related-ICT among older adults in Sweden. Method Psychosocial impact of Assistive Scale (PIADS) were used to measure expectations on health related ICT applications, illustrated in two scenarios. The illustrated scenarios was a description of a possible set of event that may reasonably take place when people used existing and future web based e-health services. The scenarios included an explanatory text how people were or will be able to use e-health services. The PIADS scale together with the scenarios was distributed as a questionnaire to a random selected Swedish population age 55-105. Respondents answered the questionnaire via a telephone interview or by post. Dimensions measured were psychosocial dimensions as; adaptability, competence and well-being. Results & Discussion Older Swedes have, from a psychosocial perspective, positive expectations regarding e-health services. Total PIADS score and the sub-scores were significantly higher for the future scenario than for the existing. The future scenario could be interpreted to suggest situations of sociability, independence, mobility and self-management. In this study the scale was used as a predictor for rejection or abandoned acceptance of health related ICT. In conclusion the PIADS is also usable as a predictor for acceptance of health related ICT.

  • 961.
    Wiklund-Axelsson, Sari-Anne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Ready for eHealth. Older Swedes’ Perceptions of eHealth Services: Using the PIADS scale as a Predictor for Readiness2016Inngår i: Technologies, ISSN 2227-7080, Vol. 4, nr 29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Relevant determinants of adoption of eHealth are needed in order tounderstand future usage. Aim: To investigate the anticipated psychosocial impact of presentand future eHealth services and discuss how psychosocial factors can impact the readiness foreHealth services among older Swedes and reflect upon instruments for measuring eHealth acceptance.Method: The Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Device Scale (PIADS) measured the psychosocialimpact of eHealth services as illustrated in pictures of a set of events of eHealth services that mayreasonably occur in the present and the future. The PIADS scale and the scenarios were administeredvia a randomly selected sample from the Swedish population aged 55–105. Results and Discussion:Older Swedes have, from a psychosocial perspective, positive expectations regarding eHealth services.The PIADS scale could be a useful supplement to acceptance measurements in the context of eHealth.Using animated illustrations to depict eHealth services, together with the PIADS scale, can generatefindings that are generalizable across technologies. The dimensions adaptability, competence andself-esteem could be relevant determinants of adoption of eHealth.

  • 962.
    Wiklund-Axelsson, Sari-Anne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Näslund, Annika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Older people's health-related ICT-use in Sweden2013Inngår i: Gerontechnology, ISSN 1569-1101, E-ISSN 1569-111X, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 36-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 963.
    Wiklund-Axelsson, Sari-Anne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Näslund, Annika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Ready to adopt: Swedish older person’s perceptions of psychosocial impact of existing and future mobile health related ICT applications2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 964.
    Wiklund-Axelsson, Sari-Anne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Näslund, Annika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    The anticipated positive psychosocial impact of present web-based e-health services and future mobile health applications: an investigation among older Swedes2013Inngår i: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications, ISSN 1687-6415, E-ISSN 1687-6423, ISSN 1687-6415, artikkel-id 509198Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the anticipated psychosocial impact of present web-based e-health services and future mobile health applications among older Swedes. Random sample’s of Swedish citizens aged 55 years old and older were given a survey containing two different e-health scenarios which respondents rated according to their anticipated psychosocial impact by means of the PIADS instrument. Results consistently demonstrated the positive anticipation of psychosocial impacts for both scenarios. The future mobile health applications scored more positively than the present web-based e-health services. An increase in age correlated positively to lower impact scores. These findings indicate that from a psychosocial perspective, web-based e-health services and mobile health applications are likely to positively impact quality of life. This knowledge can be helpful when tailoring and implementing e-health services that are directed to older people.

  • 965. Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    Ekblom, Berit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    En ergonomisk utvärdering av fotbesvär bland serveringspersonal1982Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 966.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ekblom, Berit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lokalvårdarnas arbetsmiljö: fysiska belastningar vid moppning och svabbning1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 967.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ekblom, Berit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Tillberg, Bengt
    Fysiska belastningar på kabinpersonal vid trafikflygnin1980Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 968.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    An EMG-study of work methods and equipment in crane coupling as a basis for job redesign1988Inngår i: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 178-184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown that physical strain is perceived as the main work environment problem for crane couplers. During one year, 70% of the crane couplers at two Swedish steelworks (n = 124) indicated complaints of the locomotor system. An experimental field study comprising seven healthy female crane couplers was therefore carried out to determine if crane coupling implies too high a physical strain for healthy individuals, and to suggest ergonomics solutions to such problems if they occur. The significance of using different methods and equipment for reducing physical strain was evaluated by vocational EMG (four shoulder/neck and arm muscles), heart rate and ratings of perceived exertion. The data suggest that crane coupling may have harmful effects on the shoulder/neck. The investigated changes in work methods and equipment reduced the peak loads. If the crane coupler also has to operate the crane by radio control, this implies a rationalisation as well as a reduction in strain

  • 969.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Krankopplarnas arbetsmiljö: kartläggning av fysiska belastningar och förslag till åtgärder1984Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 970.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Pettersson, Dennis
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Åkerlund, Elisabeth
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Fordonshytt för sophantering och varudistribution1985Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 971.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Tillberg, Bengt
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ekblom, Berit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Fysiska belastningar på kabinpersonal vid trafikflygning1980Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 972.
    Wirdenäs, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Cervikal Joint Position Sense: Test-retest reliability using laser pointer and one-dimensional target2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Impaired proprioception has been reported in patients with neck pain. The most common way to assess proprioception is the testing of joint position sense. Researchers usually uses advanced technical equipment. Laser pointer tests have been described for testing global joint position sense against two-dimensional targets, which can also be used clinically. One-dimensional targets can provide accurate information about deviations in the current motion plane and allow easy calculation of a number of additional output variables.

    Objectives: Evaluate test-retest reliability of a new clinical test using laser pointer and a one-dimensional target for assessment of cervical joint position sense.

    Design: Cross-sectional test-retest reliability study.

    Method:The study included 56 individuals, 30 healthy controls and 26 with neck pain were tested at two occasions 6-8 days apart. Calculation of the reliability was done by analysing relative, ICC, and absolute, SEM, reliability.

    Results: The results were relatively scattered but showed an overall moderatereliability with an ICC between 0,51-0,73, but in some cases a poor reliability under 0,5 except for two measures that showed good reliability over 0,77.The SEM for total group were between 0,72°-2,87°, indicating a relatively high level. 

    Conclusions: Current research demonstrates an overall moderate reliability testing JPS with a laser pointer and a one-dimensional target.

  • 973.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Home-based activity support for dementia care partners2016Inngår i: 1st CONTEC-ENOTHE Congress: National University of Ireland, Galway 15-19 June 2016, 2016, s. 449-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 974.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    The Occupation of Caregiving: Moving Beyond Individualistic Perspectives2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this research was to illuminate and describe caregiving as an occupation, informed by perspectives from older adult care partners and occupational therapists. An additional aim was to integrate and inform study findings with theoretical constructs that inform occupational therapy practice through occupational science and public health perspectives. Although caregiving was the main construct under consideration, the specific focus was on care situations involving older adults.

    Study 1 considered the narratives of 3 older adult women serving as informal (unpaid) caregivers to friends and family members. All of the women were over the age of 65 and of varied racial/ethnic backgrounds. Data were elicited through story prompts embedded in repeated semi-structured interviews and analyzed using a storyboarding approach and poetic transcription.

    Study 2 was an ethnographic case study considering how care dyads take part in community mobility, a common instrumental activity of daily living, with a particular focus on how the caregiver supports the participation of the care recipient. 3 care dyads (6 participants) over the age of 65 were consented into the study. The researcher employed participant observation, field note journaling and semi-structured interviews followed by thematic qualitative analysis to illuminate strategies used by these care dyads to remain active in community mobility in the context of their care situation.

    Study 3 used a constructivist grounded theory approach to explore the perspectives of occupational therapists regarding their interactions with older adult caregivers. Repetitive focus groups with 11 occupational therapy practitioners, researcher memos and individual reflections from 2 additional participants provided multifaceted data that the researchers analyzed through several levels of coding to construct a grounded theory of occupational therapist-caregiver interactions.

    Study 4 consisted of secondary data analyses of a national survey of adult caregivers conducted in the United States in 2014-2015. Data specific to 482 caregivers age 65+ and older and their care recipients were extracted from the overall sample and considered in relationship to responses to questions regarding support received from healthcare providers. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were employed to develop a profile of older adult care situations and predict inquiries of support from healthcare providers based on care situation characteristics.

    Findings from the first two studies highlighted the relational nature of caregiving and an expanded view of the caregiver role. Study 1 also revealed that interactions with health care providers in positions of authority are often challenging and compel caregivers to act in ways they perceive as risky. Study 2 reinforced that caregivers act in ways that are influenced as much or more by the history of their relationships as by caregiving demands, and led to the explication of relational versus individual perspectives. These findings influenced the approaches used in studies 3 and 4, which focused on interactions between healthcare providers and older caregivers, specifically occupational therapists in study 3 and other healthcare professionals in study 4. Findings from study 3 resulted in a theoretical stance that occupational therapists are influenced by biomedical contexts to situate caregivers as paraprofessionals to help meet care recipient goals. This perpetuates an individualistic lens on caregiving, emphasizing the biomedical priorities of the patient over the priorities or support needs of the care situation. Support offered by healthcare providers in the form of inquiries about the needs of older caregivers was found in study 4 to be less than optimal, and appears not to be predicted by any characteristics of the care situation other than the living situation of the care recipient. In sum, individualistic perspectives fail to realize the occupational complexity of caregiving, and provide an opportunity to explore more collective paradigms when supporting older adult care situations.

     

  • 975.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Care partner dyad strategies to support participation in community mobility2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 220-229Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Factors supporting continued community mobility for older adults warrant attention due to the relationship between mobility, health, and social participation. Although community mobility is typically considered from the perspective of individual functional abilities, care partnerships represent a situation in which maintaining community mobility has implications for the well-being of all members. Aim The aim of this research was to explore and describe strategies used by older adult care partner dyads to support and maintain participation in community mobility. Methods Ethnographic case studies of three care partner dyads were conducted using in-depth interviews, participant observation, photographs, and reciprocal data analysis. An inductive, constant comparative data analysis resulted in thematic descriptions of strategies employed by the care partner dyads. Results Three strategies were identified in collaboration with care partners: (i) Acting in accordance with the values of the relationship, (ii) Finding and using available assistive technology and (iii) Relying on social networks. Conclusion and significance Strategies identified by participants were more relational than procedural in nature, indicating the need for occupational therapists working with care partner dyads to consider historical routines, social connectedness, and needs of the care partnership in addition to functional abilities of the care recipient when addressing community mobility

  • 976.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Dickie, Virginia
    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Occupational Therapists’ Interactions With Older Adult Caregivers: Negotiating Priorities and Expertise2019Inngår i: OTJR (Thorofare, N.J.), ISSN 1539-4492, E-ISSN 1938-2383, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 48-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although numerous studies have examined provider–caregiver interactions and their influence on care outcomes, few represent the perspective of the provider or specifically consider occupational therapy practitioners. The aim of this article is to explore the perspectives of occupational therapists regarding interactions with older adult caregivers in geriatric practice settings. The study was conducted using a constructivist grounded theory approach based on data obtained from repeated focus group sessions and subsequent individual reflections. Occupational therapy practitioners interact with older adult caregivers in ways that reflect negotiations about who holds expertise and whose priorities are most relevant in care situations. These interactions are influenced by health care contexts that foreground the needs of the care recipient. A deeper understanding of caregiving as an occupation via a transactional perspective may serve to illuminate complex care situations and optimize therapist–caregiver interactions.

  • 977.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Crossing a Line: A narrative of risk-taking by older women serving as caregivers2017Inngår i: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 41, s. 60-66Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Caregiving carried out by adults for other adults is increasing around the world as the demographics of many industrialized countries shift toward an older population with escalating care needs toward the end of life. Although much has been written about caregiving, few studies document the experiences of providing care as narrated by the caregivers.

    Aim

    To explore the everyday experiences of older adults serving as primary informal caregivers to significant others.

    Methods

    A process of narrative inquiry was used via repeated interviews with three older women caregivers providing care to family members or friends. The data were analyzed using storyboarding techniques and identifying critical turning points, culminating in a poetic transcription of the resulting narrative.

    Results

    These caregivers describe a tension that exists across their experiences and communication with authorities on whom they rely for guidance and collaboration. Situations in which this tension pushes the caregivers to act in ways that represent risk to themselves or their care recipients are central to the collective narrative.

    Conclusion and significance

    The everyday experiences of older adult caregivers include not only familiar care routines, but also advocacy on behalf of care recipients and negotiations with external authorities, resulting at times in unwelcome risk-taking. Their narrative warrants attention due to the lack of power described by caregivers when acting on behalf of their care recipients and the need for those in authority to recognize their dilemma.

  • 978.
    Wändahl, Lovisa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Brandels, Siri
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gruppen som verktyg: En litteraturöversikt om gruppens inverkan för personer med fibromyalgi- ett fysioterapeutiskt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion Fibromyalgi är ett syndrom som betecknas av utbredd fluktuerande långvarigsmärta med andra varierande symptom. Symptomen förstärker varandra och leder vanligentill fysisk inaktivitet. Då orsaken till fibromyalgi ännu inte är fastställd används varierandemetoder som symtombehandling. Ofta utvecklas copingstrategier för att minska symtom ochfunktionsnedsättning. Som rehabilitering finns flera fysioterapeutiska behandlingsmetoder,som ofta görs i grupp. För människan är det viktigt att ingå i fungerande grupper, som kangynna rehabiliteringen. Inom detta område finns ingen funnen litteratursammanställning, tillförfattarnas kännedom, som beskriver hur grupprocessens effekt kan användas inomfysioterapi. Syfte Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva hur individer med fibromyalgipåverkas av gruppdynamik vid rehabilitering. Metod En litteratursökning i databasernaPubmed, Cinahl, Amed, Sport Discus, Medline, PsycInfo, ERIC och PsycArticlesgenomfördes. Databaserna genomsöktes med följande sökord: “Fibromyalgia ANDqualitative AND group”, “Fibromyalgia AND rehabilitation AND group AND qualitative”,“Fibromyalgia rehabilitation AND quality of life AND self-efficacy” och “FibromyalgiaAND rehabilitation AND group process”. 261 studier hittades varav elva kvalitativa studierinkluderades. Resultat Utifrån artiklarna framkom nio kategorier: samvaro med andra isamma livssituation, bli bekräftad, humor och glädje, ömsesidigt utbyte, bryta isoleringen,personlig utveckling, information, ofördelaktiga sidor och utformning av gruppinterventioner. Konklusion Gruppen visade sig vara verkningsfull i syfte att reducera isolering, känna sigsedd och förstådd samt öka tillämpning av copingstrategier. Detta tyder på att processer inomgruppen kan bidra till gemenskap och underlätta en tillvaro som är utmanande. Gruppen somverktyg genererade i ökat välmående i livssituationen för personer med fibromyalgi.

  • 979.
    Åberg, Anna Christina
    et al.
    Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Samhällsmedicin och Rehabilitering.
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Förebygg fall och fallskador i samband med vård: nationell satsning för ökad patientsäkerhet2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 980.
    Åberg, Anna Christina
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences/Geriatrics, Uppsala University.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University.
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Implementation of evidence-based prevention of falls in rehabilitation units: A staff's interactive approach2009Inngår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 41, nr 13, s. 1034-1040Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To provide strategies to assist healthcare professionals in the area of rehabilitation to improve prevention of falls. Design: A conceptual framework is described as a foundation for the proposal of 2 intertwined strategies, of intervention and implementation, which target the questions: Which strategies for intervention represent the current best evidence? and: How can these strategies be implemented and continuously developed? Results: Strategies for multifactorial and multiprofessional fall preventive interventions are presented in terms of a "fall prevention pyramid model", including general, individualized, and acute interventions. A systematic global fall risk rating by the staff is recommended as an initial procedure. Fall event recording and follow-up are stressed as important components of local learning and safety improvement. Development of implementation strategies in 3 phases, focusing on interaction, facilitation and organizational culture, is described Conclusion: A well-developed patient safety culture focusing on prevention of falls will, when successfully achieved, be seen by staff, patients and their significant others as being characteristic of the organization, and will be evident in attitudes, routines and actions. Moreover, it provides potential for positive side-effects concerning organizational and clinical improvements in additional areas

  • 981.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University.
    Halvorsen, Kjartan
    Department of Information Technologies, Division of Systems and Control, Uppsala University.
    From, Ingrid
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University.
    Oestreicher, Lars
    Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction, Uppsala University.
    Melander Wikman, Anita
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    A Study Protocol for Applying User Participation and Co-Learning: Lessons Learned from the eBalance-Project2017Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 14, nr 5, artikkel-id E512Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The eBalance project is based on the idea that serious exergames-i.e., computer gaming systems with an interface that requires physical exertion to play-that are well adapted to users, can become a substantial part of a solution to recognized problems of insufficient engagement in fall-prevention exercise and the high levels of fall-related injuries among older people. This project is carried out as a collaboration between eight older people who have an interest in balance training and met the inclusion criteria of independence in personal activities of daily living, access to and basic knowledge of a computer, four staff working with the rehabilitation of older adults, and an interdisciplinary group of six research coordinators covering the areas of geriatric care and rehabilitation, as well as information technology and computer science. This paper describes the study protocol of the project's initial phase which aims to develop a working partnership with potential users of fall-prevention exergames, including its conceptual underpinnings. The qualitative methodology was inspired by an ethnographical approach implying combining methods that allowed the design to evolve through the study based on the participants' reflections. A participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR) approach, accompanied by inquiries inspired by the Normalization Process Theory (NPT) was used in interactive workshops, including exergame testing, and between workshop activities. Data were collected through audio recordings, photos, and different types of written documentation. The findings provide a description of the methodology thus developed and applied. They display a methodology that can be useful for the design and development of care service and innovations for older persons where user participation is in focus.

  • 982.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy, Uppsala University.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering. peter.michaelson@ltu.se .
    Grahn, Birgitta
    Department of Orthopedics, Clinical Sciences, Lund University.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Research and Development Center Spenshult, Halmstad.
    Axelson, S.
    Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services.
    Gyllenswärd, Harald
    Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Unit of Intervention & Implementation Research, Karolinska Institutet.
    A systematic review of randomized controlled trials studying the preventive effects of physical exercise, manual and behavioural treatments in acute low back pain and neck pain2016Inngår i: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 23, nr Suppl. 1, s. S187-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 983.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    et al.
    Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Grahn, Birgitta
    Kronoberg occupational rehabilitation service, Växjö, Lunds universitet, Institutionen för rörelseorganens sjukdomar, Kronoberg county council, R&D centre, R&D Welfare of Southern Småland, FoU Välfärd, Kronoberg County.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Gyllensvärd, Harald
    SBU.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Enheten för interventions och implementeringsforskning, Karolinska Institutet.
    Preventiva insatser vid akut smärta från rygg och nacke: Presentation av en SBU-rapport2016Inngår i: Fysioterapi, ISSN 1653-5804, nr 5, s. 34-42Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 984.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Activity: Creating space for learning: Creating space for learning2000Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 985.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Activity: Health behaviour amongst school-aged children in Northern Sweden2006Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 986.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Activity: Health behaviour in school-aged children2005Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 987.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Activity: Preceptorship in nurse education: creating a space for learning2003Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 988.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Activity: Research perspectives of video communication between the neonatal unit and the parents of preterm born infants2011Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 989.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Activity: Teaching in clinical practice: the meaning of preceptorship in nurse education2001Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 990.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Activity: The meaning of preceptorship i nurse education2002Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 991.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Aktivitet: Att lära i praktik1998Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    sjuksköterskestudenters erfarenheter av handledning

  • 992.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Aktivitet: Handledning av studenter under praktisk utbildning1999Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 993.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Aktivitet: Teknikens användning från vaggan till graven : vad visar forskningen: nyfödda barn och nyblivna föräldrar2005Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 994.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Aktivitet: Tid, takt och närhet med studenter: vad innebär det att vara sjuksköterska och handledare?2001Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 995.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Aktivitet: Vad innebär det att vara sjuksköterska och handleda studenter?2000Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 996.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    From ArctiChildren to ArctiChildren InNet: Some Reflections2015Inngår i: Empowering School eHealth Model in the Barents Region, Rovaniemi: Lapland University of Applied Sciences, 2015, s. 315-317Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 997.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Alerby, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Gardelli, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Hertting, Krister
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Backman, Ylva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Projekt: "Skolan suger"... eller? Att ge röst åt barns och ungdomars erfarenheter av psykosocial hälsa i sin lärandemiljö2011Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att ge röst åt barns och ungdomars erfarenheter av psykosocial hälsa i sin lärandemiljö Vi är en forskargrupp från institutionerna för Pedagogik och lärande och Hälsovetenskap som fått finansiering från Vetenskapsrådet för att under 2009 – 2011 bedriva ett forskningsprojekt. Nära relationer i form av tillit och respekt påverkar elevers hälsa och välmående positivt, och effekterna av lärande är beroende av såväl lärandemiljön som de erfarenheter som görs. En lärandesituation som uppmuntrar samverkan och delaktighet bidrar sannolikt till ett positivt psykosocialt klimat och välmående hos både elever och lärare. I anslutning till diskussioner om elevers erfarenheter av psykosocial hälsa i skolan kan detta innebära att fokus ligger mot att hantera negativa aspekter av psykosocial hälsa. I motsats till problemlösningsmodellen finns det uppskattande hälsoperspektivet som istället fokuserar positiva aspekter och friskfaktorer.

  • 998.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Alerby, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Forsman, Arne
    Project: ArctiChildren2011Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Utvecklings och forskningsprojekt för psykosocialt välbefinnande hos barn och ungdomar i den arktiska regionen

  • 999.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Alerby, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Forsman, Arne
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Project: ArctiChildren II2011Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Cross-border Training Program for Supporting School education to Promote Psychosocial Well-being in the Barnets region

  • 1000.
    Öhrling, Kerstin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lindberg, Birgitta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Projekt: Neonatal omvårdnad i hemmet med stöd av IT2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektets övergripande syfte  Syftet med detta projekt är att beskriva upplevelsen hos föräldrar till barn som är födda för tidigt av första tiden hemma med stöd av informations- och kommunikationsteknik (IKT), samt sjuksköterskors upplevelser och reflektioner i samband med att ge stöd med hjälp av IKT till föräldrar som har fått ett barn som är fött för tidigt.    Kort beskrivning av projektet  Att få ett barn som föds för tidigt har stor påverkan på föräldrar och på relationen mellan föräldrar och barn. Att åka hem från sjukhuset och ta eget ansvar för sitt barn innebär blandade känslor, dels en längtan hem, dels oro inför att vara ensam ansvarig för barnet. Föräldrar kan ha behov av stöd och att få kontakt med specialutbildad personal i en övergångsfas mellan vård på barnavdelningen och vård i hemmet. Sjuksköterskor som vårdar barn som är födda för tidigt och deras familjer har en unik position för att kunna stödja föräldrarna genom den expertkunskap som de har. När barnet har vårdats under en längre tid så åker vanligtvis barn och föräldrar hem på prov under en begränsad tid (permission) innan barnet skrivs ut från barnavdelningen. Genom att använda teknik som möjliggör kontakt med en barnsjuksköterska när som helst under dygnet, med säker och lättanvänd ljud och bildkommunikation, skulle förutsättningar för föräldrar att åka hem med sitt barn och känna sig trygga kunna skapas. Sjuksköterskor kan uppleva det som ett komplement till telefon som nu används för kommunikation mellan hem och vårdavdelning, därmed skapas möjlighet till förbättrad omvårdnad genom att ge stöd och hjälp till föräldrar via IKT. Behov finns att följa införande av teknik i neonatal vård och omvårdnad ur föräldrars och sjuksköterskors perspektiv. Detta för att utveckla kunskap om hur stöd till föräldrar kan förmedlas via ljud och bildkommunikation, samt hur det upplevs av både föräldrar och sjuksköterskor. Målet är att erhålla ökad information och kunskap, som kan utveckla och därmed höja kvaliteten inom neonatal omvårdnad.

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