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  • 1.
    Andersson, Elias
    et al.
    SLU.
    Johansson, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Lidestav, Gun
    SLU.
    Lindberg, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Constituting gender and gender equality through policy: the political of gender mainstreaming in the Swedish forest industry2018In: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, Vol. 37, no 8, p. 763-779Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    In Sweden, gender mainstreaming policies have a long political history. As part of the national gender equality strategy of the Swedish forest industry, the ten largest forestry companies committed themselves to gender mainstream their policies. Limiting the impact of policies and the agency of change, the purpose of this paper is to focus on the varied and conflicting meanings and constitution of the concepts, the problem and, in extent, the organisational realities of gender mainstreaming.

    Design/methodology/approach

    In both, implementation and practice, gender mainstreaming posse challenges on various levels and by analysing these documents as practical texts from the WPR-approach. This paper explores constructions of gender and gender equality and their implications on the practice and the political of gender mainstreaming in a male-dominated primary industry.

    Findings

    The results show that the organisations themselves were not constituted as the subject of the policy but instead some of the individuals (women). The subject position of women represented in company policy was one of lacking skills and competences and in the need of help. Not only men and the masculine norms but organisational processes and structures were also generally invisible in the material. Power and conflict were mainly absent from the understanding of gender equality. Instead, consenting ideas of gender equality were the focus. Such conceptualisations of gender equality are beneficial for all risk concealing power structures and thereby limit the political space for change.

    Originality/value

    By highlighting the scale of policy and the significance of organisational contexts, the results indicate how gender and gender equality are constitutive through the governing technologies of neoliberal and market-oriented ideologies in policy – emphasising the further limiting of space for structural change and politicalization within the male-dominated organisations of Swedish forest industry.

  • 2.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Teodor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Strömberg, Caroline
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Gardelli, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Research Methods in the Swedish project Education for Participation: Philosophizing back a ‘New’ Life After Acquired Brain Injury2018In: Parecidos de familia: Propuestas actuales en Filosofía para Niños / [ed] García, F; Duthie, E. & Robles, R., Madrid: Anaya , 2018, p. 482-490Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Annually, more than ten million people in all age groups in the world experience an acquired brain injury (‘ABI’), which is a brain injury caused after birth by external forces (e.g. motor vehicle accidents) or certain internal factors (e.g. stroke). Brain injury survivors are often left with long-term impairments in cognitive, social, or emotional functioning. Despite a promising outset, research on the effectiveness of philosophical dialogues as an educational method for persons with ABI to increase their cognitive, social, and emotional functioning has, to our knowledge, been virtually non-existent. The present research project targets this and uses a pretest-posttest and mixed-method triangulation design and attempts to measure effects of two small-scale interventions carried out in the northern part of Sweden. In this text, the project’s research design, data production, and data processing are described. 

  • 3.
    Bao, Jiangdong
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Zhang, Jingdong
    Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan, China.
    Evaluation on Safety Benefits of Mining Industry Occupational Health and Safety Management System Based on DEA Model and Grey Relational Analysis2018In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology, ISSN 1793-8236, E-ISSN 1793-8244, Vol. 10, p. 82-88, article id 1039Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mining industry safety production situation is becoming more and more severe in China with safety accidents occurring frequently, which is closely related to insufficient safety investments and unreasonable distribution. Additionally, it does not keep in line with the main purpose of occupation health and safety management system (OHSAS18001).In order to carry on the reasonable scientific disposition to the safety investments of the mining industry, increase safety investments efficiency and satisfy the requirements of OHSAS18001, data envelopment analysis (DEA) is adopted to calculate the safety investments, loss and output. Firstly, the analysis software MYDEA of DEA is used to calculate the results to obtain the evaluation result of safety benefits. Secondly, the target value of the improvement work in the aspect of investment is achieved by method of projection analysis when the decision making unit (DMUj0) of non DEA efficiency is changed into DEA efficiency. Lastly, it can be obtained on the basis of grey relational analysis (GM) that the investment amount of safety management and training of employees has the highest relation on the effective safety benefits of the mining industry. Thus, the investment of safety management and training of employees should be strengthened. This kind of empirical method of comprehensive model provides a direction and theoretical reference for safety investments benefits analysis and optimized investment structure, and a structure for the effective operation of mining industry occupational health and safety management system

  • 4.
    Bao, Jiangdong
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology. Centre of Advanced Mining and Metallurgy, CAMM.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology. Centre of Advanced Mining and Metallurgy, CAMM.
    Zhang, Jingdong
    Research Center for Environment and Health, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law.
    Evaluation on Safety Investments of Mining Occupational Health and Safety Management System Based on Grey Relational Analysis2018In: Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, ISSN 1793-821X, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to effectively evaluate the relationship between safety investments and accident impact losses in the mining occupational health and safety management system, a grey relational analysis model is established. Firstly, 4 firstgrade indicators including safety technical measures fee etc. and 23 second- grade ones including ventilation system etc. are established. Secondly, by calculating the grey relational analysis between the variables of the data sequence and the system characteristic variables, analysis results of advantages and the evaluation ones are obtained. Finally, the model is validated by case study. The results demonstrate that the investments of safety technical measures and safety management and training have a great impact on the accident losses. The quantitative analysis of safety investments and losses is realized by the model, which provides the direction for the enterprise's strategic investments and reduces the economic losses.

  • 5.
    Bao, Jiangdong
    et al.
    Research Center for Environment and Health, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan.
    Zhang, Jingdong
    Research Center for Environment and Health, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan.
    Shi, Shuiping
    Beijing World Standard Certification Center Co., Ltd, Beijing.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Cleaner production assessment of group company based on improved AHP and grey relational analysis2018In: Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems, ISSN 1064-1246, E-ISSN 1875-8967, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 439-444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cleaner production assessment is a measure of the state and level of cleaner production, also a necessary method of promoting cleaner production in enterprises. For the purpose of the improvement of cleaner production of enterprises, improved Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) model and grey relational analysis (GRA) are used to assess the same nature of the three enterprises of one group with seven quantitative indicators concordant with the Cleaner Production Report. The results are consistent with the clean production reports from three enterprises, which show that the integrated methods are feasible and objective, and can be used as a tool for internal cleaner production assessment.

  • 6.
    Barry, Jim
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences. Royal Docks Business School, University of East London, United Kingdom.
    Berg, Elisabeth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology. University of East London, United Kingdom.
    Chandler, J.
    Royal Docks Business School, University of East London, United Kingdom.
    Embedding European identity in context: Changing social solidarities in Europe2011In: Reinventing social solidarity across Europe / [ed] Marion Ellison, Policy Press, 2011, p. 83-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Forsberg, Tina
    Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Parding, Karolina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Sehlstedt, Therese
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Westerlund, Joakim
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Förberedd för läraryrket? Lärare under 40 år av reformer2018In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 24, no 1-2, p. 7-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien belyser hur gymnasielärare retrospektivt uppfattar att de förberetts för sitt yrke under lärarutbildningen. Enkätsvar från 1554 gymnasielärare kategoriserades efter den tidsperiod då de examinerades. Frågan om hur väl förberedda de nyexaminerade lärarna var för sitt yrke kopplas till de nationella reformer som styrde lärarutbildningen under den period som läraren studerade. Medan utbildningen i praktisk yrkeskunskap uppfattas ha försämrats över tid, har andra områden förbättrats. Lärosäte hade inte något samband med respondenternas svarsmönster. Slutsatsen är att utbildningsreformerna har samband med förändringar i utbildningens måluppfyllelse, att förbereda lärarstudenter för sitt yrke, samt att utbildningens anpassning till yrkets krav försämrats över tid.

  • 8.
    Bengtsson, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Attuning the ‘pedestrian-vehicle’ and ‘driver-vehicle’: Why attributing a mind to a vehicle matters2018In: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365, Vol. 722, p. 19-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vehicle automated driving systems, capable of performing all dynamic driving tasks are profoundly changing the traffic environment. With increased automation the vehicles are gradually becoming artificial agents that act and interact in conjunction with human agents, creating a pristine social context. This paper addresses the interaction between ‘pedestrian-vehicle’ and ‘driver-vehicle’. The idea is to make interaction as humanlike as possible, to increase safety and a positive user experience. We suggest that concepts describing social attunement in human-human interaction also can be applied to human-vehicle interaction. Social attunement implies a scenario where human and vehicle share intentions, infer goals of the interaction partner, are mutually predictable, and understand performance limitations. Furthermore, we propose the use of an in-vehicle avatar interface to assist in this interaction. A reason for using an avatar is that it can be hypothesised that the user can interact more naturally with an anthropomorphic artificial agent. 

  • 9.
    Bengtsson, Peter
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Ledin, Kjell
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Ärlemalm, Tore
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    What Do They Do?: A Taxonomy of Team Leader Interventions in Various Meeting Scenarios2019In: Advances in Human Factors, Business Management and Society: Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Human Factors, Business Management and Society, July 21-25, 2018, Loews Sapphire Falls Resort at Universal Studios, Orlando, Florida, USA / [ed] Jussi Ilari Kantola, Salman Nazir, Tibor Barath, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 399-404Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to sketch a taxonomy describing various team leader interventions, as a consequence of interferences occurring at group meetings. The taxonomy is intended to serve as foundation for future research, methodology and test development. Sixteen Swedish business organisation leaders participated in the case study. The study consisted of ten fictitious scenarios, implying interferences concerning goal achievement. The participants were to propose interventions to the different situations. Based on the results, six categories of interventions were identified: control, inform, initiate, await, support, and explore. The categories corresponded to classical leadership theories. Furthermore, fictitious group scenarios seem to provide information about leadership thinking and interventional styles concerning team work. Scenarios also seem to measure something different than traditional assessment instruments do. This is in accordance with social personality theory, emphasising that personality assessments should not be decontextualised by excluding information concerning the situations in which people are acting.

  • 10.
    Berglund, Leif
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    The PLA Policy Situation in Sweden2018In: Prior Learning Assessment Inside Out, E-ISSN 2333-3588, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes the origins of and changes in Swedish prior learning assessment (PLA/validering) poli-cies since the mid-1990s. The article argues that a key event in this history, the Adult Education Initiative of 1996, was implemented in direct response to significant changes in the Swedish labor market, and that PLA, a “process of structured assessment,” then was called on as a way to recognize unacknowledged work skills. The main course for Swedish PLA has been to lift the educational levels of the low-educated unemployed, thus opening up educational paths that previously did not existed for this and other groups. But during these years, other purposes have been stressed, for example during the recession around 2008 and 2012 where PLA was lifted up as a tool to enhance labor market transitions, and in 2015 during the great migration from especially Syria, it was seen as a way of assessing and recognizing foreign acquired knowledge and skills in order to both integrate newcomers and fill vacancies in trades that lacked skills. The article shows that over the last two decades, both the focus and strength of PLA discussions and implementation in Sweden have varied. In the recent 2015 National Delegation for Validation, for example, the government renewed its inter-est in PLA policy as a means of making knowledge and skills visible. The question of whether this promise can be realized is taken up throughout the article.

  • 11.
    Berglund, Leif
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Jakobsson, Mats
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    En utvärdering av denförändrade politiska organisationen i Arjeplog kommun2018Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Berglund, Leif
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Johansson, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Rask, Kjell
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Samuelsson, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Risker och säkerhetsarbete i byggbranschen: En kunskapssammanställning baserad på internationell forskning2017Report (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Berglund, Leif
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Johansson, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Rask, kjell
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Samuelsson, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Risker och säkerhetsarbete i byggbranschen: En kunskapssammanställning baserad på internationell forskning2017Report (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Butt, Mehwish
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta.
    Sharunova, Alyona
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta.
    Storga, Mario
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb.
    Khan, Yasir Imtiaz
    Department of Computing, Coventry University.
    Qureshi, Ahmed Jawad
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta.
    Transdisciplinary Engineering Design Education: Ontology for a Generic Product Design Process2018In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 70, p. 338-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s highly integrated product development practices emphasize the need to transform the engineering education from disciplinary to transdisciplinary. This paper is based on the results of an empirical study designed to introduce a common transdisciplinary design process in engineering education. It aims to validate the hypothesis that engineering disciplines in education share a common engineering design process. It describes the methodology for the development of a Transdisciplinary Engineering Design Education Ontology (TEDEO) for eight major engineering disciplines. It proposes a high-level transdisciplinary engineering design process that consolidates a diverse array of engineering terms and concepts into a generalized model.

  • 15.
    Bäckström, Izabelle
    et al.
    Department of Design Sciences, Lund University.
    Lindberg, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Behavioural implications of employee-driven innovation: a critical discourse analysis2018In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 22, no 7, article id 1850058Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines a digital employee-oriented innovation program at a global IT-firm. It addresses the research question: how is the generation and promotion of employee ideas organised by the management, and what are the behavioural implications in terms of participation of such an organising? Drawing on the literature on inclusive innovation and employee-driven innovation, the authors explore the extent to which ordinary employees are included in innovative processes at work. The critical discourse analysis of written and spoken text exposes inclusiveness concerning the managements’ production and distribution of innovation discourse in the initial phases of the program. However, the analysis simultaneously reveals considerable excluding elements in the ordinary employees’ consumption of this discourse in its latter phases, particularly regarding the parallel discourses “we are all innovators” and “the single winning entrepreneur”.

  • 16.
    Fitzgerald, Scott
    et al.
    Curtin Graduate School of Business, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Stacey, Meghan
    Sydney School of Education & Social Work, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    McGrath-Champ, Susan
    Work and Organisational Studies in the University of Sydney Business School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Parding, Karolina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Rainnie, Al
    Creative Industries, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
    Devolution, market dynamics and the Independent Public School initiative in Western Australia: 'winning back' what has been lost?2018In: Journal of education policy, ISSN 0268-0939, E-ISSN 1464-5106, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 662-681Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The devolution of public sector schooling systems has been a feature of education reform since the 1980s. In Western Australia, the Independent Public School (IPS) initiative has recently been installed, announced by the state government in 2009. Now over 80% of the state’s public school students attend IP schools. Drawing on interview data from a broader study of devolution and the conditions of teachers’ work, this article explores the cases of two schools – one IPS and one non-IPS. While both schools were ostensibly disadvantaged, they proved to be highly contrasting schooling sites, responding to the school marketplace in markedly different ways. We consider the ways in which the IPS initiative is contributing to the operation of market dynamics within the public school sector in WA, and argue that it has created new mechanisms for the residualisation of particular, and specifically non-IP, schools. Furthermore, while one school was apparently more of a ‘winner’ within the school marketplace, as it was attracting increasing student enrolments, we query what it might actually mean to ‘win’ in such a policy settlement, with staff at both schools reporting significant dissatisfaction in their work.

  • 17.
    Gardelli, Teodor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Juridisk tillämpning av några filosofiska distinktioner2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Granhag, Pär Anders
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
    Ask, Karl
    Göteborgs universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
    Rebelius, Anna
    Göteborgs universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
    Öman, Lisa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology. Göteborgs universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
    Mac Giolla, Erik
    Göteborgs universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
    ‘I saw the man who killed Anna Lindh!’: An archival study of witnesses' offender descriptions2013In: Psychology, Crime and Law, ISSN 1068-316X, E-ISSN 1477-2744, Vol. 19, no 10, p. 921-931Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An archival study was conducted using offender descriptions reported to the police by witnesses (N=29) of the murder of Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh in 2003. All descriptions had been collected within a month after the attack, and each witness had been interviewed between one and five times. Description accuracy was established using photographs of the perpetrator, captured by CCTV cameras minutes before the attack. Contrasting previous archival studies, offender descriptions were quite unreliable (42% of reported attributes were incorrect), and this pattern held for both basic features (e.g., height, age) and more detailed attributes (e.g., clothes). The completeness and accuracy of descriptions increased after (vs. before) images of the perpetrator had been published in the media, but only with regard to the perpetrators’ clothes. We acknowledge the potential effects of co-witness influence and post-event information.

  • 19.
    Jiangdong, Bao
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Application of Statistical Methods on Occupational Health and Safety Management in the Mining Industry in Ezhou City, China2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Chinaʹs mining enterprises are confronted with insufficient safety investments, insufficientsafety benefits, recurrent occupational diseases and accidents, low level of safety riskmanagement, and many employee complaints, that seriously affect the economicdevelopment and the sustainable development of the country. Selection of scientific, accurateand comprehensive evaluation methods of all aspects of occupational health and safetymanagement will directly affect the evaluation results and then the direction of improvement;which is greatly needed.

    The aim of this thesis is twofold: one aim is to test and analyze a set of evaluationmethods that provide different perspectives on how occupational health and safetymanagement really works in the mining industry in Ezhou City, China. The other aim is toexplore a set of comprehensive evaluation methods that are suitable for occupational healthand safety management in the industries as a whole.

    This thesis is based on the theory of Multi Objective Decision Making and Grey System,and is broken down into three phases including:

    •  The first phase of my study: to describe the applications of the methods in five aspects ofoccupational health and safety in the mining industry in Ezhou City, China. This isshown in five articles and Chapter 1‐5.
    •  The second phase: to present some suggestions of improvements for the development ofthe occupational health and safety in the mining industry in Ezhou City, China. This ispresented in Chapter 6 in my study.
    •  The third phase: to explore a set of comprehensive evaluation methods that are suitablefor the occupational health and safety management in the industries. This is also shownin Chapter 6 in my study.

    In this thesis I mainly used six methods to evaluate occupational health and safetymanagement and the suitability of them for this type of research as well as in other types inindustrial activity. The six methods included in my research are: entropy weight(EW), failuremode and effect analysis (FMEA), improved analytic hierarchy process (AHP), dataenvelopment analysis (DEA), grey relational analysis (GRA) and 2‐tuple linguisticinformation (2‐TLI). The results of the analysis showed that:

    •  EW can be well used to evaluate the multi indicators of occupational health and safetymanagement, and can be extended to other areas such as safety management evaluation,the quality of the project, project forecasting and other industrial activities;
    •  FMEA has been proved practical, simple and less costly in the perspective of riskmanagement, occupational health and safety management, identification and control ofenvironmental factors in enterprises, and quality key point preventive control in allindustrial activities;
    •  Improved AHP is practical, simple and less costly for multi objective and multi criteriadecision making problems in all industrial activities;
    •  DEA is special for production efficiency and can well estimate the effective productionfrontier by calculating the history data of the financial department, and embodies itsunique advantages in dealing with multi indicator inputs and multi indicator outputs inall industrial activities;
    •  GRA does not require too much sample size and any typical distribution regulation; thecalculated amount of data is relatively small, and the results would always be in goodagreement with the qualitative analysis, so it is quite suitable for measuring the degree ofassociation between factors for indicator evaluation according to their similarity ordissimilarity. GRA can cope with the types of problem associated with comparisonbetween evaluation objects and the comparison object in all industrial activities;
    •  2‐TLI is special for language information and can provide the basis for multi‐attributedecision analysis in spite of large amounts of calculation in all industrial activities.

    On the whole, each method has its advantages and disadvantages, and the key to judgingwhether a method is most suitable is if it can withstand the validation of practice. Anyhow,the main contribution of this research is that it has systematically tested and verified a set ofstatistical methods applied in a mining industry in Ezhou, China, and explored a set ofstatistical methods utilized in occupational health and safety management in industrialactivities. Additionally, another contribution of this research is that it has provided a directionfor improvement of sustainable development.

  • 20.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Future work: Utopia or dystopia?2018In: Addressing Societal Challenges / [ed] Editors Johan Frishammar Åsa Ericson, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018, p. 39-52Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work is a central part of our lives in many aspects. Half ofour awake time is for most of us performed as paid work. Atwork, we create the values we need to live the life we desire.At work, we are socialized and shaped into the human beingswe are. We are all concerned about how our work willbe in the future; will we be able to handle the new technologyor will we be replaced by a robot? These are important questionsbut at the same time we must be aware that the futurework is shaped here and now. LTU should be an active partwhen we create the work of the future. This means that weneed to get a picture of what is happening and then relateto that development but we also need a vision of where wewant to go

  • 21.
    Johansson, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Andersson, Elias
    Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå.
    #Metoo in the Swedish forest sector: testimonies from harassed women on sexualised forms of male control2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 419-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study adds to the literature on the gendered culture of the forest sector by examining testimonies of sexual harassment in relation to the gendering of forestry-related competence and organisations and the consequences that the sexualisation of social relations in organisations has, mainly for women. The empirical base of the study comprised testimonies within the campaign #slutavverkat published on Instagram to highlight experiences of sexual harassment of women in the Swedish forest sector. Qualitative content analysis of the testimonies suggested that the situations described in the testimonies in #slutavverkat comprise controlling actions that diminish women's power in the forest sector. Sexualised forms of male control and harassment thus work to remind women that they are first and foremost a representation of women, rather than of forestry professions and knowledge. In that sense, sexualised forms of male control and harassment are part of, rather than deviating from, the overall gendering of forestry as a men-dominated sphere. The study adds to organisational understandings and policy developments on discrimination and harassment and suggests that researchers and policy-makers interested in reducing inequality in forestry need to pay more attention to issues of harassment and sexualisation of social relations.

  • 22.
    Larsson, Lisa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Larsson, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Sustainable Development in Project-Based Industries: Supporting the Realization of Explorative Innovation2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, article id 683Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both exploitative and explorative innovations are needed for sustainable developmentin any industry, but balancing the two types is a delicate matter, and exploitation tends to bestrongly prioritized in many industries. This is typically evident in project-based industries (PBIs), which are characterized by a fragmented supply chain and the delivery of one-off solutions in business projects. Realizing explorative innovations in this context is complex due to the need to transfer new knowledge between the organization developing the innovations and actors in inter-organizational business projects. The aim of this paper is to highlight areas in the management of explorative innovations developed outside business projects, to increase the understanding of where the specific market setting of PBIs might necessitate an adapted approach for successful realization. A case study of three innovation projects in organizations operating in PBIs have been conducted. The findings confirm that the major challenges lie in the transition between development project and business project. We highlight three aspects linked to this transition that require a flexible management approach: the assignation and acceptance of suitable responsibilities and roles, flexible support for the innovation process, and system acceptance. The findings may provide guidance for actors in PBIs strategically seeking to promote sustainable development, and provide foundations for further research to develop support for explorative innovation.

  • 23.
    Larsson, Lisa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Stahre, Johan
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Warrol, Cecilia
    Teknikföretagen, Stockholm.
    Rönnbäck, Anna Öhrwall
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    An Assessment Model for Production Innovation: The Program Production20302018In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 134-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper suggests an assessment tool for production innovation, a way of assessing innovation aspects in production development projects. The tool captures innovation as “new and value-added change of a production related activity”. The tool was tested through a questionnaire survey sent to 30 research and innovation (R&I) projects funded by the Swedish Strategic Innovation Program Produktion2030, involving research institutions and industrial organizations. Results point at a varied distribution programme impact through resulting change activities. Identified areas for innovation were materials, decision support, tools, methods, and solutions estimated as new to industry and to the global business community.

  • 24.
    Lindberg, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Genusanalys av Norrbottens handlingsplan för jämställd regional tillväxt2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport presenteras en genusvetenskaplig analys av Norrbottens handlingsplan för jämställd regional tillväxt 2016-2018. Analysen är utförd inom ramen för Luleå tekniska universitets uppdrag som kunskapsstöd i Region Norrbottens genomförande av handlingsplanen. Syftet med kunskapsstödet är att tillvarata tidigare kunskaper och erfarenheter för att öka handlingsplanens möjligheter att uppnå långsiktigt hållbar förändring av regionens könsmönster utifrån ett intersektionellt perspektiv. Den analys som presenteras här är därmed avsedd som ett underlag för reflektion bland dem som är involverade i genomförandet av planen. Med avstamp i tidigare forskning om könsmönster och insatser för jämställdhet och mångfald i organisationer och samhälle analyseras handlingsplanens mål och aktiviteter. I slutet av rapporten finns en lista med referenslitteratur för den som vill fördjupa sig ytterligare i forskningen.

  • 25.
    Lindberg, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Genusanalys av Norrbottens innovationsstrategi2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Norrbottens innovationsstrategi för perioden 2013-2020 syftar till att syftar till att skapa ett innovationsklimat med bästa möjliga förutsättningar för innovation i Norrbotten. Strategin ska bidra till att det blir möjligt för fler människor, organisationer och branscher att utvecklas och bidra till nya eller bättre lösningar som svarar mot behov och efterfrågan. De satsningar som görs med utgångspunkt i strategin ska bidra till en positiv utveckling avseende de horisontella kriterierna jämställdhet, integration och mångfald, miljö samt unga. Mot bakgrund av detta presenteras i denna rapport en analys för att öka lärandet om det horisontella kriteriet jämställdhet i det regionala innovationsarbetet, med målet att identifiera och analysera könsmönster och jämställdhetspotentialer i innovationsstrategin.

  • 26.
    Lindberg, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Genusanalys inför Norrbottens regionala utvecklingsstrategi2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport presenteras en genusvetenskaplig analys inför framtagandet av Norrbottens regionala utvecklingsstrategi. Analysen är utförd inom ramen för Luleå tekniska universitets uppdrag som kunskapsstöd till Region Norrbottens handlingsplan för jämställd regional tillväxt 2016-2018. Syftet med kunskapsstödet är att tillvarata tidigare kunskaper och erfarenheter för att öka handlingsplanens möjligheter att uppnå hållbar förändring av regionens könsmönster utifrån ett intersektionellt perspektiv. Den analys som presenteras här är avsedd som ett underlag för reflektion bland dem som är involverade i framtagandet av Norrbottens regionala utvecklingsstrategi. Med avstamp i tidigare forskning om könsmönster och jämställdhetsinsatser i organisationer och samhälle urskiljs centrala pusselbitar för att möjliggöra en jämställd förändring.

  • 27.
    Lindberg, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Inkluderande forskning och innovation2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Involvering av civilsamhället – dvs medborgare och intresseorganisationer – i forskning och innovation ses i Sverige och EU som ett sätt att öka relevansen, acceptansen, effekten, nyttan, kvaliteten och hållbarheten i både resultaten och processerna. Enligt den så kallade Lamy-rapporten behöver samhället bli ett ”levande laboratorium” där medborgare aktivt deltar i utvecklingen av innovativa lösningar på Europas samhällsutmaningar. I denna rapport kallas detta för ”inkluderande forskning och innovation” och diskuteras utifrån olika logiker, grader, faser och former. Särskilt uppmärksammas den deltagande tradition som vuxit sig stark i Sverige, där akademi och samhälle samverkar i utvecklingen av nya kunskaper och lösningar. Formerna för och omfattningen av involvering kan variera stort mellan olika inriktningar och processer. I den lägsta graden av involvering ger medborgare passivt forskare tillgång till insamling av data, medan de i högre grader av involvering aktivt bidrar till datainsamling och analys. I den högsta graden av involvering medverkar medborgare i hela processen av problemformulering, planering, genomförande och utvärdering. Exempel på konkreta former för involvering är forskningscirklar, dialogseminarier, förändringsledare, Citizen-based suggestions, AIMdays och Science shops. Det finns även flera olika former för inkluderande innovation, som exempelvis Co-labs, Designlabb och Living labs. Där utvecklar forskare och medborgare gemensamt nya lösningar på behov hos människor, organisationer och samhälle. Detta kallas bland annat för deltagande innovation, användardriven innovation och social innovation.

  • 28.
    Lindberg, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Working life inclusion through social innovation in cultural health2017In: International Journal of Social Entrepreneurship and Innovation, ISSN 2043-8257, E-ISSN 2043-8265, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 324-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article scrutinises the development of a socially innovative service concept for cultural health, where approaches from the cultural areas are employed to improve the well-being, life-quality and empowerment among people in long-term unemployment or sick-leave, thus potentially serving to increase the inclusiveness in working life. The study delineates the preconditions for conceptualising, packaging and implementing the concept, in light of previous studies on social innovation and service innovation. The results expose that these preconditions are dependent on the attained social value creation, where target groups and concerned organisations from various societal sectors are actively involved in the identification of needs, in the development of innovative solutions and in the strive for social change on individual, organisational and societal levels. The study thus serves to further expand the field of innovation studies, regarding knowledge on the mechanisms of attaining an inclusive working life.

  • 29.
    Lindberg, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Österlind, Helena
    Klabböle konsult.
    Designteams för innovativa jämställdhetsinsatser i skogsnäringen2015In: Den öppna skogen: Kön, genus och jämställdhet i skogssektorn / [ed] Elias Andersson, Umeå/Luleå: Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet & Luleå tekniska universitet , 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning visar att framgångsrika jämställdhetsinsatser bygger på ett tydligt ledarskap samtidigt som medarbetare är delaktiga i det praktiska förändringsarbetet. I Luleå tekniska universitets projekt Från macho till modern – jämställdhet i skogsbrukets arbetsorganisationer som bedrevs 2013-2015 med finansiering från VINNOVA testades ett nytt grepp för att skapa såväl ledningsstyrning som bred förankring genom så kallade ”designteams”. Med stöd av VD och HR-representanter i tre skogsrelaterade skapades designteams som bestod av ett urval av cirka tio medarbetare från alla i nivåer i organisationerna med olika kön, kompetenser och antal år i organisationen. På så sätt skapades en såväl horisontell som vertikal mix av medarbetare för att få en så nyanserad bild som möjligt av genomförda, pågående och potentiella jämställdhetsinsatser. Målet var att designteamen skulle utveckla innovativa lösningar för jämställdhet i skogsnäringen.

  • 30.
    Lindwall, Angelica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Additive Manufacturing in Product Design for Space Applications: Opportunities and Challenges for Design Engineers2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Lindwall, Angelica
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Törlind, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Evaluating Design Heuristics for Additive Manufacturing as an Explorative Workshop Method2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is suggested that the space industry is an ideal case for Additive Manufacturing (AM), with a low production volume and need for complex geometries. However, few engineers have experience of AM design. One way to support design engineers with limited experience of AM is the use of design heuristics, to enhance variety, quality and creativity of potential designs. This paper is based on literature studies and observations of creative workshops with companies from the space industry. Results showed that heuristics assisted designers and 8/10 heuristics was utilised during the ideation phase. 

  • 32. McGrath-Champ, Susan
    et al.
    Meghan, Stacey
    Wilson, Rachel
    Fitzgerald, Scott
    Rainnie, Al
    Parding, Karolina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Principals’ support for teachers’ working conditions in devolved school setting: Insights from two Australian States2018In: Educational Management Administration & Leadership, ISSN 1741-1432, E-ISSN 1741-1440Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shifts in schooling policy have had substantial impact upon the role of principals as well as the relationship that principals have with their teaching staff. In this paper we report on the initiatives 30 principals in a diverse range of devolved Australian government schools adopt to shape and support the local, school-level working conditions of teachers. Surprisingly, principals were commonly unable to articulate – or even respond to – this matter. More commonly principals reported being oriented to lifting capability through a focus on student outcomes, a focus that is consistent with much of the devolution and autonomy rhetoric. Of those who could respond regarding working conditions, dispositions of paternalistic ‘care’, basic distributive actions or even a lack of influence or control were reported, and clear spatial and social dimensions accompanied these patterns. Given that devolution has recently created new responsibilities for principals in Australian government schools, including in relation to staff, this finding is understandable but none the less holds substantial implications and raises questions about the managerial capacity needed for schools to be sustainable, positive workplaces.

  • 33.
    Norberg, Cathrine
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Fältholm, Ylva
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    "Learn to blend in!": A corpus-based analysis of the representation of women in mining2018In: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, Vol. 37, no 7, p. 698-712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of this study is to contribute with increased knowledge about gender in mining by exploring how women are discursively represented in texts produced by actors in the international mining arena.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The study combines corpus linguistic methods and discourse analysis. It implies a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses, where the former is used as the point of departure for the latter, and where the material analysed is chosen on the basis of certain selected search phrases. The source for the study is the web, and the search engine used for the retrieval of data is WebCorp Live, a tool tailored for linguistic analysis of web material.

    Findings

    The analysis reveals that although the overarching theme in the women-in mining discourse is that women are needed in the industry, the underlying message is that women in mining are perceived as problematic.

    Practical implications

    The study shows that if mining is to change into a modern industry, the inherent hyper-masculine culture and its effects on the whole industry needs to be problematised and made evident. To increase the mere number of women, with women still heavily underrepresented, is not enough to break gender-biased discrimination.

    Originality/value

    The research contributes with new knowledge about gender in mining by using a method, which so far has had limited usage in (critical) discourse analysis.

  • 34.
    Normark, Carl Jörgen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Öhrling, Therese
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Håkansson, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Results from cross-fertilization of courses for improved student learning2017In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education: Building Community: Design Education for a Sustainable Future, E and PDE 2017 / [ed] Gulden T.,Pavel N.,Kovacevic A.,Buck L.,Bohemia E.,Berg A., Glasgow: Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society , 2017, p. 734-739Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes results from the development of two new industrial design courses in order to improve student learning in both practical and theoretical skills. Practical skills, such as model making and sketching, cannot be studied only as theory. These skills need training, implementation, and time to allow the knowledge to mature. The new course design build upon the CDIO framework where especially two standards are incorporated in the new course design: Standard 3 - Integrated curriculum, where personal and interpersonal skills, and product, process, and system building skills are interwoven with disciplinary knowledge, and Standard 5 - Design-Implement Experiences, where emphasis is on learning by doing, that the students will learn from actually designing something. This paper contains results from studies made during the first implementation of the two new courses, both from a teacher- and a student perspective. Redesigning several courses at the same time facilitates constructive alignment on course level where course activities are aligned with examination, and on program level where course content build upon previous courses and the proper learning outcomes are addressed at the proper time in the education program. On a course level, the results indicate that students are positive towards the interwoven practical and theoretical parts. Also, the student understanding of how different knowledge interact, both practical hands-on and theoretical knowledge, seem to have increased compared to previous years. On a program level, there are indications that much effort should go into organizing the sometimes new roles for the teachers and if overlooked could affect the course negatively, but we now have the knowledge how to implement the CDIO framework to develop courses for improved student learning.  

  • 35.
    Normark, Jörgen
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Öhrling, Therese
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Grane, Camilla
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    AIM4s 2: Attitudes, Insights and Motivation for Safety : DEL 2 - Ett interaktivt läromedel för att minska arbetsplatsolyckor2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport redogör för andra delen av förstudien AIM4S (Attitudes, Insights andMotivation for Safety). Studiens syfte och mål har varit att undersöka hur eninteraktiv träningsmiljö, som med hjälp av s.k. gamification, skulle kunna fungerasom verktyg för att förmedla säkerhetsrutiner. Inom ramen för studien har 43personer testat en prototyp av en interaktiv spelliknande miljö för träning avsäkerhet och efter det besvarat en enkät. Några av testpersonerna har ävenintervjuats. Resultatet av denna studie visar att den interaktiva träningsmiljönupplevs positiv och att den har förutsättning att kunna utgöra ett bra verktyg förlärande av säkerhetsrutiner.Den interaktiva träningsmiljön anses förmedla information och regler på ettlättillgängligt, roligt och tydligt sätt. En interaktiv träningsmiljö tycks kunna fungerabåde för inlärning, påminnelse och ökad riskmedvetenhet. Det är dock oklarthuruvida inlärningsformen kan bidra till minskat risktagande och till att sänkaantalet arbetsplatsolyckor i realiteten. För att detta ska ske tycks det vara viktigt attden interaktiva träningsmiljön inte upplevs som för lätt utan att den kan utmana ochmotivera till fortsatt ”spelande”. Många respondenter önskar även att träningsmiljönska uppmuntra till ”upptäckarglädje” och inte bestraffa en användare som önskarutforska träningsmiljön genom att ibland välja fel svarsalternativ. Vidare efterfrågasäven tydliga visualiserade konsekvenser av felaktiga val i den interaktivaträningsmiljön som kan verka som avskräckande exempel vid bristandesäkerhetsrutiner. Detta resultat har likheter med den första delen av förstudienAIM4S och det kan rekommenderas att utbildningsmaterial bör utvecklas så att de påemotionell påverka kan påverka brukaren till minskat risktagande för att därmedkunna bidra till färre arbetsplatsolyckor i industrin.

  • 36.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Safety management on multi-employer worksites: Responsibilities and power relations in the mining industry2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis is on the division of legal responsibilities for occupational safety management on multi-employer worksites in the mining industry. The empirical basis is a study conducted between 2013 and 2016 consisting of interviews and observations focusing on primarily managers, supervisors, coordinators and safety specialists from a Swedish mining company and a number of its contractors. Besides this, interviews were also conducted with an inspector from the Swedish Work Environment Authority (SWEA) and workshops were arranged involving industry representatives. Additionally, a document analysis was performed focusing on work organization, safety and regulatory matters. The theoretical framework focuses mainly and broadly on the consequences of inter-organizational complexity and power relations between organizations and between social actors.

    The results show that three key aspects characterize the division of legal responsibilities for safety management: 1) the main responsibility for managing safety is employer-specific and cannot be shared (e.g. between two separate companies) and entails specific formal tasks that must be performed, 2) everyone involved on multi-employer worksites has an extended duty to communicate and cooperate across companies in safety-related matters, and 3) the responsibility for coordinating work and broader safety measures is connected to one specific employer, usually the main client company itself by virtue of the work being conducted within its facilities. Although seemingly straight-forward in the legal demands being placed on specific actors, the matter of the division of responsibilities and what they should entail in practice had been a specific focus area for the mining company, as well as for the mining industry trade association and SWEA from an even broader perspective. The mining company had also taken a number of initiatives with the ambition to clarify these issues on their own multi-employer worksites in accordance with the legal requirements. As for the relations between the mining company and the contractors, these were characterized by an asymmetry of power with a difference between being affiliated to the company or a contractor in terms of the status and rights each affiliation entailed. This ultimately had an impact on contractor managers’ and supervisors’ ability or willingness to communicate with the client on safety-related issues.

    The conclusions of the thesis are divided into two main themes. The first theme, undermined conditions for employer responsibility, highlights that the main employer responsibility for managing safety may become eroded on multi-employer worksites, something that can be viewed from three distinct but interrelated perspectives: 1) the core-periphery structure characterizing multi-employer worksites, 2) how the different legal responsibilities relate to each other and the power asymmetry between organizations, and 3) the relations between the social actors involved in formal safety management in practice. The second theme, client company initiatives and blurring boundaries, underlines that the ambition of the mining company to clarify responsibilities meant that other issues related to power relations became downplayed or unaddressed. The dominant position that the company and, by extension, its managers, coordinators, etc., typically had also led to them occasionally intervening in the internal processes of the contractors, highlighting the importance of considering the consequences of blurred organizational boundaries due to longstanding outsourcing arrangements.

    An overall conclusion can be drawn that the dynamic, unfolding relations between the client and its contractors complicate the division of and adherence to legal responsibilities for safety management. This is a particular challenge facing policy and regulatory development going forward, not only in relation to the mining industry but on multi-employer worksites in general where workplace safety is especially important to consider.

  • 37.
    Parding, Karolina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Berg-Jansson, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Conditions for workplace learning in professional work: Discrepancies between occupational and organisational values2018In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 108-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to examine and discuss learning conditions for teachers, in the context of choice and decentralisation reforms.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This article is based on analyses of 30 interviews with Swedish upper secondary teachers focusing on their experiences of their conditions for learning.

    Findings

    This paper shows how teachers at upper secondary level identify their subjects as the most important to learn more within. Secondly, we also show that spatial and temporal aspects of organisation of work seem to influence the conditions for subject learning, where the interviewees in many ways contrast their own view to how they describe their work being organised.

    Research limitations/implications

    Our findings may have currency for other professional groups with similar governance-contexts, and teachers in other similar governance-contexts.

    Practical implications

    These findings indicate the need to further develop workplace learning strategies founded upon the understanding of schools as workplaces, taking occupational values into account. Furthermore, these strategies should be seen as a core Human Resource Management issue, as they can potentially enhance the work environment, thus increasing the profession’s attractiveness.

    Originality/value

    We show that spatial and temporal aspects of organisation of work seem to influence the conditions for the sought after subject learning, and that the teachers and the school management seem to identify with different and clashing ideals in terms of what, when, how and with whom to learn.

  • 38.
    Perišić, Marija Majda
    et al.
    University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architectur.
    Štorga, Mario
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology. University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architectur.
    Podobnik, Vedran
    University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing.
    Agent-Based Modelling and Simulation of Product Development Teams2018In: Technical Gazette, ISSN 1330-3651, E-ISSN 1848-6339, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 524-532Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The success of product development highly depends on the quality of cooperation among members of a team involved in the process. Thus, a tool capable of simulating product development team may be beneficial for researchers interested in teamwork, as well as useful for managers struggling with team formation during process planning phase. This work aims at providing a detailed overview of agent-based simulators of product development teams. Specifically, the scientific databases Web of Science, Scopus, ACM DL, and IEEE were searched to extract relevant agent-based models of teamwork in mechanical engineering and aerospace context and obtained models were reviewed to identify their key advantages and limitations. 

  • 39.
    Sjögren, Fredrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Att uppfinna hjulet: En studie av behovet av metodsamordning inom svensk räddningstjänst2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport är författad på uppdrag av Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap och syftar till att studera dels hur stort problemet med bristen på evidensbaserade metoder vid räddningsinsatser är inom räddningstjänsten, dels hur det är möjligt att på ett strukturerat sätt skapa ett samordnat metodunderlag för räddningsinsatser. Utifrån dessa syften har fem frågeställningar formulerats: Hur ser utvärdering och val av metoder ut inom de studerade räddningstjänsterna? Hur ser den metodsamordning som möjligtvis finns mellan räddningstjänster ut i dagsläget? Finns områden vilka är mer problematiska än andra? Hur arbetar andra myndigheter med metodsamordning? Hur skulle MSB kunna arbeta med metodsamordning för svenska räddningstjänster?

    För att uppfylla syfte och svara på frågeställningarna har sexton företrädare för svenska räddningstjänster intervjuats samt ett antal rapporter, utredningar, hemsidor och andra dokument analyserats. I rapporten ges en översikt över hur evidensbaserad praktik har vuxit fram och spridit sig i allmänhet samt mer specifikt hur Socialstyrelsen och Polismyndigheten arbetar med evidensbaserad praktik och metodsamordning. På detta följer en intervjustudie med företrädare för svenska räddningstjänster där bland annat deras metodutvecklingsarbete, behovet av metodsamordning och synen på MSB:s roll beskrivs. Avslutningsvis ges svar på de inledande frågeställningarna i en resultat- och diskussionsdel.

    Resultaten visar bland annat att en stor variation mellan räddningstjänsternas metodarbete råder. Detta, i samband med en omfattande frånvaro av samordningsarbete och i detta hänseende en frånvarande myndighet, tycks leda till både stor variation i kvaliteten på insatser samt att metodutvecklingen vad gäller vardagshändelser stannar av. För att råda bot på detta föreslås både ett metodsamordningsarbete inspirerat av Socialtjänstens (snarare än Polismyndighetens) arbete samt ett fokus på utbildning, lärande och kompetens.

  • 40.
    Sjögren, Fredrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Men, Nerds and Others: A study of competence and ideals in four ICT-research organizations2018In: Neue Technologien und aktuelle feministische Theoriebildung / [ed] B. Mauß & P. Lucht, Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Tynnhammar, Marcus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Core competence within Automation Solution Providers2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study focuses on what core competence SME working with automation solutions for manufacturing purposes have. The study was done both as an interview and a walk around the workshop floor of each company. All the companies in the study belong to the same business network, but had separate ecosystems. The core competence of automation solutions providers is being skilful prototypers. These companies have vast experience working with many types of manufacturing equipment, but much less formal education in the area, so they have almost a sixth sense of which solutions will work. This means they can rapidly start to build prototypes in their workshops, but their customers to help out in a live environment as production engineers and solve everyday kind of problems also usually trust them

  • 42.
    Tynnhammar, Marcus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Open innovation: an explorative study of an SME network in the automation industry2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research proposaladdressed in this paper is to investigate Open Innovation within mi-cro-businesses and small businesses within the automation industry, that are part of their customer’sproduction development. Previous research on Open Innovation has mainly its standpoint in larger companies, and evidence from SMEs, especially micro and small businesses, is yet limited. Empirically this study is based on an evolving network in the manufacturing automation industry, which has poten-tial of becoming a cluster, ie a geographically concentrated network in the same line of business. Inter-views werecarried out in the twenty-onecompanies in the network, and are planned also with their cus-tomers outside the network. The contribution of this research is to describe how Open Innovation is conducted within and around an automation-network. Another important difference is the production innovation focus, where earlier research have been focusing on product innovation and not the produc-tion innovation

  • 43.
    Tynnhammar, Marcus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Open Innovation and Structured Collaboration2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The presented research idea in this paper is based upon the basic research being done during a licentiate investigating a network of companies within the automation industry. The findings thereshowedthat they do collaborate in all phases of product development and with many different external organizations.The idea is to investigate this collaboration further with a multiple case study in seven of the projects the companies have been working in. The main aim ofthis study would be to describe the collaboration and if possible divide them into categories to be able to compare different collaborations and see if one type stands out compared to others.The suggested grouping is formal collaboration, social collaboration, and structured collaboration. Where the main hypothesis is that structured collaboration is the most successful one

  • 44.
    Tynnhammar, Marcus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Open Innovation in SMEs: Interaction within and around an automation-network2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research idea addressed in this paper is to investigate Open Innovation within micro-businesses and small businesses within the automation industry. Previous research on Open Innovation has mainly its standpoint in larger companies, and evidence from SMEs, especially micro and small businesses, is yet limited. Empirically this study is based on an evolving network in the manufacturing automation industry, which has potential of becoming a cluster, ie a geographically concentrated network in the same line of business. Interviews was carried out in the twenty one companies in the network, and are planned also with their customers outside the network. The contribution of this research is to describe how Open Innovation is conducted within and around an automation-networ

  • 45.
    Tynnhammar, Marcus
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Kokshagina, Olga
    MINES ParisTech.
    Schneider, Sabrina
    University of Kassel.
    Composing the innovation management symphony: A note on the 2017 ISPIM Innovation Conference in Vienna2018In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 74-75, p. 66-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Udén, Maria K.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    The novel feminist diffraction concept: Its application in fifty-one peer-reviewed papers2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Diffraction,as conventionally defined, is a term for one among a number of wave phenomena.Since the 1990's, when it was introduced by Donna Haraway, it is also a concept within feminist methodology. While particularly the cyborg figure – the cybernetic organism – already in its mainstream scientific-technological scope involves both fantasy and innovation, the term diffraction is in its conventional meaning descriptive. This paper investigates the broad strokes of how the novel diffraction concept is taken in use. Fifty-one papers published in peer-reviewed journals from 2001 to June 2016. The results indicate that the opposition to traditional contemplation- i.e. reflection that Haraway sets as target when introducing the novel concept is the point around which the dynamics evolve.That far, the novel concept could be just any metaphor, like describing thinking things through as ‘reflecting’. Several authors however claim an interdisciplinary connotation, especially to physics. In the material investigated, every implementation and elaboration does not abide to the letter to each attribute in Haraway’s concept. The discovery of how dominant it nevertheless has become to do just that is an important result of this study. Haraway’s sketch of a mirror and a diffraction laboratory experiment is dealt with as was it a full description of wave theory, a complete representation that perfectly meshes with nature.  In a fair share of the material, Haraway’s invention of putting diffraction and reflection as metaphors for thinking in hierarchical opposition is literarily interpreted into physics.

  • 47.
    Wass, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Ching, Teresa Y. C.
    National Acoustic Laboratories, Sydney, NSW, Australia; The HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Cupples, Linda
    Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Wang, Hua-Chen
    Department of Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Martin, Louise
    National Acoustic Laboratories, Sydney, NSW, Australia; The HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Button, Laura
    National Acoustic Laboratories, Sydney, NSW, Australia; The HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Gunnourie, Miriam
    National Acoustic Laboratories, Sydney, NSW, Australia; The HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Boisvert, Isabelle
    The HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Centre for Implementation of Hearing Research, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    McMahon, Catherine
    Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Castles, Anne
    Department of Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Orthographic Learning in Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing2018In: Language, speech & hearing services in schools, ISSN 0161-1461, E-ISSN 1558-9129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between orthographic learning and language, reading, and cognitive skills in 9-year-old children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) and to compare their performance to age-matched typically hearing (TH) controls.

    Method Eighteen children diagnosed with moderate-to-profound hearing loss who use hearing aids and/or cochlear implants participated. Their performance was compared with 35 age-matched controls with typical hearing. Orthographic learning was evaluated using a spelling task and a recognition task. The children were assessed on measures of reading ability, language, working memory, and paired-associate learning.

    Results On average, the DHH group performed more poorly than the TH controls on the spelling measure of orthographic learning, but not on the recognition measure. For both groups of children, there were significant correlations between orthographic learning and phonological decoding and between visual–verbal paired-associate learning and orthographic learning.

    Conclusions Although the children who are DHH had lower scores in the spelling test of orthographic learning than their TH peers, measures of their reading ability revealed that they acquired orthographic representations successfully. The results are consistent with the self-teaching hypothesis in suggesting that phonological decoding is important for orthographic learning.

  • 48.
    Wass, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Löfkvist, Ulrika
    Anmyr, Lena
    Karltorp, Eva
    Lyxell, Björn
    Learning to read when speech sounds different: Orthographic learning in children with cochlear implants2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeThe aim of this study was to investigate orthographic learning and reading skill in Swedish children with cochlear implants (CI) in comparison with normal hearing peers (NH), and to explore relationships between orthographic learning and cognitive skills in the CI group.

    MethodEighteen children with CI and 43 NH children, matched for age and nonverbal IQ, participated. They were 7;10 - 10;4 years of age. All children were tested on reading fluency (words and nonwords), orthographic learning, existing orthographic representations, working memory (WM), and expressive vocabulary. The children with CI were also assessed on verbal fluency, paired associate learning (visual-visual, verbal-verbal and visual-verbal) and phoneme deletion. Group differences were analyzed with Mann-Whitney U tests. Relationships between skills were analyzed in partial correlations with age controlled.

    ResultsThe children with CI performed below the level of hearing peers on the measures of WM, and expressive vocabulary. They also performed below age-norms on the phoneme deletion task.

    On the other hand, the groups did not differ significantly on reading fluency, existing orthographic representations or orthographic learning. The group difference on orthographic learning approached significance (p=.07). In the CI group, orthographic learning was strongly correlated with reading fluency (words and nonwords respectively), visual-verbal and verbal-verbal paired associate learning, and verbal fluency.

    ConclusionsDespite having poorer language skills and lower WM capacity, children with CI may successfully learn new orthographic representations and develop fluent reading. In line with the self-teaching hypothesis (Share, 1999), orthographic learning was strongly related to phonological decoding (nonword reading fluency) also in children with CI. In addition, paired associate learning, verbal fluency, and WM capacity were related to their orthographic learning skill.

  • 49.
    Wikberg Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Normark, Jörgen
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Törlind, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Öhrling, Therese
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Experiences of educational reform: Implementation of cdio at industrial design engineering2017In: Proceedings of the 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada, June 18-­22, 2017, University of Calgary Press, 2017, Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Luleå University of Technology (LTU) joined the CDIO initiative in 2015. The development of the MSc program Industrial Design Engineering (IDE) was one of LTU’s four test pilots of educational reform with support of the CDIO framework. The current educational reform comprises all CDIO standards, however some have been easier to implement than others. The results from the current CDIO-implementation are so far positive experiences from both faculty and students. While the program curriculum has been developed at a macro level, changes also impact the program objectives, teachers’ skills development, and students’ learning outcomes at a micro level where, for example, courses have been redesigned regarding teaching and learning activities, and assessments have been developed to include both formative and summative feedback to promote a deep learning approach. Great efforts have also been put into development of new learning environments, finalized in 2016. However, implementation of CDIO also deals with changing the educational culture, a work that takes more efforts and time than just one year. A success factor in the current implementation is the involvement of experienced CDIO-implementers that have inspired, motivated and coached the IDE faculty in re-designing the program. 

  • 50.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Blomqvist, Kajsa
    RISE.
    Jahnke, Marcus
    RISE.
    Molnar, Stefan
    RISE.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    RISE.
    Öhrling, Therese
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Tillgänglighetsdesign för stadens utveckling2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det offentliga rummet: stadens gator, parker, byggnader och torg likväl som den kultur och sociala kontext som en viss stad har, skulle kunna utformas för att vara tillgängligt, användbart, inkluderande, attraktivt och välgörande för människan i betydligt större utsträckning än vad som görs idag. 

    Troligtvis är det inte medveten diskriminering som ligger bakom mindre god design av det offentliga rummet, utan snarare okunskap om vad som kan och behöver göras. Fram tills dess människor befinner sig i en situation där de på något sätt själva är hindrade från att delta på lika villkor är det svårt att inse hur mycket det offentliga rummet påverkar oss. Det kan vara mindre hinder i form av ojämnt underlag som gör det svårt att ta sig fram för vissa, medan det omöjliggör framfart för andra. Det kan vara miljöer som vissa upplever som “vanliga” medan andra upplever sig djupt otrygga eller utestängda från desamma. Med andra ord är det offentliga rummets utrymmen där vi lever, jobbar och leker knutna till vart vi går och vad vi gör eller vart vi inte går eller gör. 

    Av den anledningen anser vi att det finns behov av att utveckla konkreta metoder och handgripliga råd för att arbeta med mer medveten utformning av fysisk miljö: tillgänglighetsdesign. Tillgänglighetsdesign används här genomgående som ett brett begrepp för design av lösningar som upplevs trygga, användbara, inkluderande, attraktiva och välgörande. Vi utgår från en designpraktik som stödjer tanken att miljön måste vara tillgänglig för alla grupper i samhället. I det förstudieprojekt som beskrivs i kommande kapitel har av den anledningen en kartläggning skett med utgångspunkt i ett helhetsgrepp på tillgänglighetsdesign, det vill säga att motverka diskriminering och främja lika rättighter och möjligheter oavsett kön, könsöverskridande identitet eller uttryck, etnisk tillhörighet, religion eller annan trosuppfattning, funktionsnedsättning, sexuell läggning eller ålder. 

    Förstudien har omfattat kartläggning av normkritiska perspektiv, lagar och riktlinjer kring fysisk tillgänglighet, social hållbarhet och tillgänglighet, universell och inkluderande design, samt inhämtning av inspiration från arkitektur, form och designområdet. Det har även omfattat identifiering av goda exempel från runt om i landet på vad tillgänglighetsdesign i bred bemärkelse kan omfatta och intervjuer med personer som arbetat med detta. Vi vill rikta ett stort tack till er som bidragit till arbetet. 

    Vår avsikt är att de principer som utformats i förstudien för tillgänglighetsdesign ska diskuteras, användas och uppdateras vid all stadsutveckling. På så sätt kan vi åstadkomma ett helhetsgrepp på tillgänglighetsdesign och åstadkomma socialt hållbara, attraktiva och tillgängliga platser och miljöer runt om i landet. 

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