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  • 1.
    Ahlbäck, Cajsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Digitala resurser för förskolans yngsta: Förskollärares syn på teknikanvändning i undervisning med förskolans småbarn2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva och diskutera småbarns (1-3 år) digitala teknikanvändning i förskolan, med utgångspunkt i förskollärarnas beskrivningar av vilka digitala resurser som småbarnen erbjuds i undervisning och vilka undervisningsmål som förskollärarna knyter till användnningen av dessa. Studien utgår ifrån sociokulturella perspektivtaganden med vikt vid begrepp såsom stöttning och lärande genom sociala samspel. Datainsamling genomfördes med kvalitativa intervjuer där alla tre informanter var yrkesverksamma förskollärare i en barngrupp med barn i åldern 1-3 år. Tidigare forskning tar upp kring området digital teknologi och småbarn att det finns möjligheter i användarvänlig teknik för småbarn samt att småbarn har potential att bli såväl konsumenter som producenter med digitala verktyg. I resultatet framträdde fyra teman: "Småbarnen konsumerar digitala verktyg", "Småbarns kunskapsproduktion med digitala verktyg", "Språkstöd, skapande och naturvetenskapligt utforskande" samt "Samspel och stöttning som värde med småbarn och digitala verktyg" dessa relaterar till småbarn och digitala verktyg i förskolans kontext. Resultatet visar att småbarn dels positioneras som konsumenter, dels blir kunskapsproducenter genom bland annat multifunktionell programvara, digitala böcker och dokumentation. Digitala vertyg för småbarn i undervisning har visat sig göra sig särskilt framträdande som resurs i småbarns lärprocesser när det kommer till förbättrade undervisningsmiljöer, naturvetenskapligt utforskande, spåkutveckling och skapande. Detta sker främst i sociala samspel genom digitala resurser såsom digitala böcker via exempelvis Polyglutt, digitala bibliotek och bibliotekshyllor, mikroskopägg, Youtube samt sökmotorn Google.

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  • 2.
    Alatalo, Evelina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Wallo, Mathilda
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Att synliggöra språk genom visuella redskap: En kvalitativ studie om flerspråkighet i förskolans fysiska miljö2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to make visible material that can support multilingualism in the physical environment of the preschool. The research questions that this study aims to answer are what is presented in the environment to support multilingualism, for whom the environment is available from a multilingual perspective and which languages appear in the environment and how often these occur. The study is based on a sociocultural theory and was conducted at two preschools. A qualitative method was used and the collection of data consists of visual fieldnotes in the form of photographs and written fieldnotes. When processing and reading the material, a qualitative analysis was used. The result shows that material that can support multilingualism is represented in the physical environment of the preschool through alternative communication such as pictures and signs. Multilingualism has also been made visible through flags, texts and books. 

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  • 3.
    Alerby, Eva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Brown, Jill
    Monash University, Clayton, Melbourne, Australia.
    Silent and invisible students: The importance of listening to the silence and seeing the invisible2021In: Journal of Silence Studies in Education, ISSN 2808-1005, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 19-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the fairytale, ‘The Invisible Child’, by the Finnish author Tove Jansson, the child Ninny was made silent and invisible as a result of her ill-treatment by the woman responsible for her care. A similar situation to that in the fairytale can be found in schools and other education settings where students are made both silent and invisible by their treatment by teachers and fellow classmates. The overall aim of this discussion is to explore the complexities of silence and invisibility, with a specific emphasis on silence and invisibility among students in school. The paper embraces consideration of the multifaceted phenomena of silence and invisibility, both within and beyond school. Silence, invisibility and power in society as well as in schools is discussed, with a specific focus on silence and oppression as crucial dimensions of bullying in schools, followed by an exploration of teachers use of silence. The discussion focuses attention on the silent language of response and silent and invisible students. The various ways of understanding and responding to student silence and invisibility are then explored. In conclusion the significance of silence and invisibility is discussed and the implications of this for education are considered and an argument is made for the importance of listening to the silence and seeing the invisible, as a prerequisite for making the invisible visible. Throughout the paper, the discussion is connected to, and exemplified by, the fairytale of Tove Jansson.

  • 4.
    Alerby, Eva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Ekberg, Niclas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    The Digital Student : Beyond the Boundaries of the Body2020Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 5.
    Alerby, Eva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Ekberg, Niclas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Johansson, Megan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    ‘I miss the physical presence of the students’: Swedish teachers’ experiences of online teaching and learning during the COVID-19 pandemic2021In: Education in the North, ISSN 0424-5512, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 100-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The demographic and economic conditions for education in the Nordic countries—especially in remote areas of this region—has led to an increasingly intensive use of information and communication technologies. The authorities’ response to the COVID-19 pandemic has, however, entailed a radical acceleration of the already ongoing change towards digitisation. In the wake of the current pandemic regulations, the purpose of this study was to illuminate and discuss Swedish secondary school teachers’ experiences of online teaching and learning—with a particular focus on the teaching dimension—based on synchronous teaching and learning modes. A specific research question was posed: What opportunities and challenges do online teaching and learning offer when it comes to forming a sense of belonging, authenticity, and presence? Theoretically, this study was based on a phenomenological lifeworld approach. The empirical data, collected from March 2020 to March 2021, consisted of written reflections from ninety-three teachers in a remote school district. Three themes showed how online teaching and learning redefines the bodily, temporal, and spatial conditions for teachers’ experiences of belonging, authenticity, and presence in education. The study also indicates how digitisation might serve as a disruption that not only reminds us of the pedagogical assignment at hand but also lets another possible pedagogical world announce itself.

  • 6.
    Alerby, Eva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Engström, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Nursing and Medical Technology.
    ‘The pine tree, my good friend’: The other as more-than-human2021In: Nursing Philosophy, ISSN 1466-7681, E-ISSN 1466-769X, Vol. 22, no 4, article id e12366Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Andrén, Madeleine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    ”Man får ju in matematik i så mycket”: En kvalitativ studie om hur förskollärare arbetar för att främja barns matematiska utforskande i relation till lek och miljö2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Backan, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Nisell, Samuel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    En studie om elevers prestationer ihomogena respektive heterogenagruppsammansättningar vid praktiskt arbete2021Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 9.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Franklin, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Results from a PwC Intervention in a Swedish Socio-economically Disadvantaged School – A Multiple Case Study of Students Diagnosed with Neurodevelopmental Disorders2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We will present results from a multiple case study based on interviews with students diagnosed with neurodevelopment disorders and their school staff after participating in a short and small-scale intervention carried out in a socio-economically disadvantaged Swedish elementary school in 2019. Two small school classes participated in 12 philosophical dialogues each (ranging from 45 to 60 minutes) during a total of seven weeks. Two facilitators, both with years of facilitation experience and teacher degree and at least BA in philosophy, facilitated the majority of the dialogues. 

    The philosophical dialogues mainly followed a ”routine” procedure, but a few differences can be noted. First, one of the facilitators wrote short stories prompting interest in contestable issues during the intervention, which helped the stimuli to get adapted to the groups’ developing interests. Second, in the start-up phase of several dialogues, the students were encouraged to practice dialogic skills through randomly assigned individual and group tasks based on both the jointly decided rules for interaction and on ART for kids (a tool for children to become aware of and evaluate dialogic quality and progress in inquiry dialogic sessions). During meta-dialogue, the groups returned to these tasks in order to increase meta-cognitive awareness, evaluate group performance, and set up short term goals for the upcoming session. Third, during two sessions, the sessions were organized in the form of a dialogic puzzle. 

    The sample in this multiple case study contains students from two school classes (school years 3 and 4) in a Swedish elementary school. The school was small (about 150 students in total), rural, and ranked among the 10 % most socio-economically disadvantaged in Sweden. The school included students from around 20 different countries and about 20 % of the schools’ students were asylum seekers. All the students in the multiple case study were diagnosed with different neurodevelopmental disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), attention deficit disorder (ADD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and severe developmental language disorder (DLD).

    We interviewed the students, four teachers who participated in the dialogues, and the school principal. The students were interviewed individually in direct connection to the end of the intervention about their experiences from the dialogues and their perceptions about the influence of the dialogues. The interviewed teachers (two in each grade) were those who had participated in the dialogues. They were interviewed in pairs, also in direct connection to the end of the intervention, while the school principal was interviewed two years after the study. The staff interviews concerned the staff’s experiences of the influence of the dialogues on the students within the intervention as well as transfer effects to other contexts in school. All interviews were semistructured. 

    For each student, we present data from both student and staff interviews. We strive to give a representative picture of both the advantages and disadvantages expressed by students and staff. 

  • 10.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    App-supported Philosophical Dialogues: Designs, challenges and Participants’ Experiences2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an ongoing project (Vinnova, project dnr 2019-04651), we develop an app, called Dialogica, which is intended for use in app-supported philosophical dialogues for persons with aphasia in an IRL setting. Aphasia is a communication disorder caused by a brain injury and involves often grave difficulties with expressing thoughts to others. Many persons with aphasia are excluded from conversations about deeper issues. In a previous research project (Swedish Research Council, project dnr 721-2013-2161), philosophical dialogues were conducted with persons with acquired brain injuries and aphasia, with positive results in group argumentation development. However, the group of persons with more severe brain injuries and aphasia saw smaller changes and needed more facilitator support than did the group of persons with milder brain injuries and without aphasia. This prompted further consideration about appropriate tools, such as apps, to support the participants with aphasia in increasing their autonomy and participation during the dialogues.

    Dialogica is developed with modern digital technologies used in computer games and is intended for use on a portable device such as an iPad. It thus contains technologies for text-to-speech and speech-to-text synthesis, real-time translations, avatar animations, visual highlighting, and so on. The design is based on theory and methodology from the fields of philosophy for/with children as well as argumentation analysis and informal logic, along with experience from years of facilitation of philosophical dialogues in different settings. The goal is to produce an app that is easy to use, visually engaging, and tailored for use in philosophical dialogues, in order to provide tools for higher levels of autonomy and participation in inquiry dialogues to participants who otherwise have limited abilities to express themselves. This is done through several features of the app, such as the “conversation tree”, which gives a visualization of the inquiry, and a palette of predefined dialogic moves, to support spoken interaction.

    In the project, we use a methodology inspired by an extended interpretation of the “Living Lab” principle, where the actual end-users of an app is involved in the development process through recurrent workshops including feedback sessions. In our case, these workshops rely on a “routine” PwC procedure in combination with using the app during the joint inquiry and meta-dialogue, and giving feedback during and after the sessions, when questions about usability, overall impression and specific features are discussed. Both persons with aphasia and supporting staff in their daily milieu join the workshops. This methodology can be extended also to school environments, where students and teachers are involved.

    In this research presentation, we will present our research about app-supported philosophical dialogues (including an overview of the user input received through the Living Lab workshops), shortly show the user interface of the app, and outline some of its main features.

  • 11.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Dilemmas in computer game assisted dialogues for persons with communication disorders2021In: Abstracts 7th International Designs for Learning conference: Remediation of Learning, 2021, p. 10-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From 2019 to 2021 we conduct the multidisciplinary research project When words fail: advanced communication through digital innovation for persons with aphasia, with support from Vinnova. The project’s aim is to develop a prototype for a mobile application, Dialogica, to support communicative participation for persons with acquired brain injuries and aphasia when joining conversations about deep, personally relevant, and contestable issues. Millions of people each year acquire a brain injury (Colantonio et al., 2016), for instance through stroke or car accidents. The consequences are diverse and may show in the communicative, cognitive, social, emotional, or vocational domains (Cancelliere et al., 2014; Colantonio et al., 2016; Durham, 2012; Fabiano & Sharrad, 2017; Sabatello, 2014, Soeker, 2016). Aphasia – defined as ”a loss or impairment of verbal communication, which occurs as a consequence of brain dysfunction” – is one common consequence in the communicative domain (Brady et al., 2016, p. 79). It often means long-term communicative changes with severe influence over engagement in activities and maintenance of relationships (Lanyon, Rose, & Worrall, 2013). To achieve communicative support for persons with aphasia, we bring together expertise in computer game technology, education, special needs education, and philosophy. Together with end users we develop the application and test its effectiveness. In this paper, we (i) provide an overview of the theoretical background and the development hitherto, and (ii) discuss issues or dilemmas relating to the app and the fulfilment of its purpose.

    In short, Dialogica is an application developed through the game development engine Unity, designed for mobile devices with larger screens, and is based on computer game technology, theory in dialogic education, and argumentation theory. The main usage of the app is when the participants are in the same physical room and it is then intended to support participants in expressing themselves in different virtual environments through personal avatars, animations and chats. Dialogica allows for conversations’ argumentative structures to be represented visually through so-called ”conversation trees”. In order to support participants with verbal language loss, the app also incorporates a text-to-speech function.

    The project depends on close collaboration with end users, with which iterated workshops and facilitated dialogues using prototypes will be conducted. Through these workshops, we receive feedback used for further development of the prototype. In the end stage of the project, we will compare dialogues with and without Dialogica using an adapted version of the structured observational scale called the Argumentation Tool (Reznitskaya & Wilkinson, 2017), in order to measure the extent to which the application facilitates communicative participation for the participants. However, because of the pandemic, we have not yet been able to test the prototypes developed so far. Other issues that we will attend to in greater length in this paper is the level of applicability of the app in settings others than dialogues facilitated by experienced facilitators, how the app could support the participants’ awareness of improvements in communicative participation, and possible threats to internal validity when using the final app in experimental studies.

    Central references

    Brady, M. C., Kelly, H., Godwin, J., Enderby, P., & Campbell, P. (2016). Speech and language therapy for aphasia following stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 24(958), 314. http://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD000425.pub4  

    Cancelliere, C., Kristman, V., Cassidy, J. D., Hincaplé, C., Côte, P., Boyle, E., . . . Borg, J. (2014). Review article: Systematic review of return to work after mild traumatic brain injury: Results of the international collaboration on mild traumatic brain injury prognosis (ICoMP). Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(3), 201–209.

    Colantonio, A., Salehi, S., Kristman, V., Cassidy, J. D., Carter, A., Vartanian, O., . . . Vernich, L. (2016). Return to work after work-related traumatic brain injury. NeuroRehabilitation, 39(3), 389–399.

    Durham, C. Y. (2012). Empowering people with ABI to acquire better insight into brain injury: An application of educational principles (Doctoral thesis). RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia. Retrieved from https://researchbank.rmit.edu.au/eserv/rmit:160046/Durham.pdf 

    Fabiano, R., & Sharrad, S. (2017). Rehabilitation considerations following mild traumatic brain injury. Journal of Nurse Life Care Planning, 17(1), 26–34. 

    Lanyon, L. E., Rose, M. L., & Worrall, L. (2013). The efficacy of outpatient and community-based aphasia group interventions: A systematic review. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 15(4), 359–374.

    Reznitskaya, A., & Wilkinson, I. A. G. (2017). The Most Reasonable Answer: Helping students to build better arguments together. Cambridge: Cambridge Education Press

    Sabatello, M. (2014). “If you can’t do it now, you’re out the door:” Employees with traumatic brain injury – A case study. Work, 48(3), 373–379. 

    Soeker, S. (2016). A pilot study on the operationalization of the model of occupational self efficacy. Work, 53(3), 523–534.

  • 12.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Game technologies to assist learning of communication skills in dialogic settings for persons with aphasia2021In: International Journal: Emerging Technologies in Learning, ISSN 1868-8799, E-ISSN 1863-0383, Vol. 16, no 03, p. 190-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Persons with aphasia suffer from a loss of communication ability as a consequence of a brain injury. While rare, a small strand of research indicates effectiveness of dialogic interventions for communication development for persons with aphasia, but a vast amount of research studies shows its effectiveness for other target groups. In this paper, we describe the main parts of the hitherto technological development of an application named Dialogica that is (i) aimed at facilitating increased communicative participation in dialogic settings for persons with aphasia and other communication disorders, (ii) based on computer game technology as well as on theory in dialogic education and argumentation theory, and (iii) designed for mobile devices with larger screens.

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  • 13.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Problems and Solutions in Researching Computer Game Assisted Dialogues for Persons with Aphasia2022In: Designs for Learning, ISSN 1654-7608, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 46-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we describe technological advances for supporting persons with aphasia in philosophical dialogues about personally relevant and contestable questions. A computer game-based application for iPads is developed and researched through Living Lab inspired workshops in order to promote the target group’s communicative participation during group argumentation. We outline some central parts of the background theory of the application and some of its main features, which are related to needs of the target group. Methodological issues connected to the design and use of Living Labs with persons with aphasia are discussed. We describe a few problems with researching development of communicative participation during group argumentation using an app assisted intervention for the target group and suggest some possible solutions.

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  • 14.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Reznitskaya, Alina
    Department of Educational Foundations, Montclair State University, NJ, USA.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Wilkinson, Ian A. G.
    Department of Teaching and Learning, Ohio State University, Columbus, USA.
    Beyond Structure: Using the Rational Force Model to Assess Argumentative Writing2023In: Written Communication, ISSN 0741-0883, E-ISSN 1552-8472, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 555-585Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current approaches used in educational research and practice to evaluate the quality of written arguments often rely on structural analysis. In such assessments, credit is awarded for the presence of structural elements of an argument, such as claims, evidence, and rebuttals. In this article, we discuss limitations of such approaches, including the absence of criteria for evaluating the quality of the argument elements. We then present an alternative framework, based on the Rational Force Model (RFM), which originated from the work of a Nordic philosopher Næss. Using an example of an argumentative essay, we demonstrate the potential of the RFM to improve argument analysis by focusing on the acceptability and relevance of argument elements, two criteria widely considered to be fundamental markers of argument strength. We outline possibilities and challenges with using the RFM in educational contexts and conclude by proposing directions for future research.

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  • 15.
    Bergdahl, Lisa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Nordberg, Linda
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    "Så på utsidan ser det väl bättre ut än vad det är på insidan, liksom.": En kvalitativ studie om delaktighet i skolsituationen för flickor med diagnosen adhd ur ett elev- och lärarperspektiv2021Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En betydande forskning om adhd har gjorts, men den har i stort sett utelämnat flickor och detär en av anledningarna till den avsaknad av kunskap som funnits om flickor och adhd (Kopp,2018). Samtidigt visar Skolinspektionens rapport (2018) att delaktigheten i skolan generellt ärlåg för elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar, dit till exempel adhd hör. Syftetmed vår studie är att synliggöra delaktigheten i skolsituationen för flickor med diagnosen adhdur ett elev- och ett lärarperspektiv och genom detta bidra med kunskap till området. Utifrånstudiens forskningsfrågor har vi undersökt hur flickor med diagnosen adhd och lärare beskriverflickornas skolsituation ur ett delaktighetsperspektiv samt vilka skillnader och likheter somfinns i flickornas och lärarnas beskrivningar. Vi har också ringat in ett antalutvecklingsområden som kan bidra till att främja delaktigheten i skolsituationen för dennaelevgrupp. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ forskningsstrategi med inspiration från enjämförande forskningsdesign och som datainsamlingsmetod användes semistruktureradeintervjuer. Totalt genomfördes fyra intervjuer, två med elever i grundskolans årskurs sju ochtvå med lärare verksamma på mellanstadiet. Urvalet var i huvudsak målstyrt. Intervjuernaspelades in och transkriberades i sin helhet och materialet kodades därefter utifrån de sexaspekterna i Szönyi och Söderqvist Dunkers (2018) delaktighetsmodell; tillhörighet,tillgänglighet, samhandling, erkännande, engagemang och autonomi. Fyra olika temanframträdde tydligt i vår empiri och vi valde att kalla dem relation och kommunikation, tydlighetoch struktur, inkludering, samt diagnoser kontra olikheter. Resultatet visade att samtligainformanter beskrev goda relationer och god kommunikation mellan elev och lärare somcentralt för att skapa delaktighet i skolsituationen. De intervjuade flickorna uttryckte att det tartid att få det stöd de behöver i skolan och kopplade detta till att de svårigheter de stötte på iskolsituationen ofta inte blev synliga för lärarna, samt att det kunde vara svårt att få komma tilltals och ges inflytande över skolsituationen. Resultatet visade också att struktur och tydlighet iundervisningen var en starkt bidragande faktor till ökad delaktighet för flickorna i vår studie,vilket framhölls av både flickor och lärare. De intervjuade eleverna uttryckte ett behov av att iolika utsträckning få arbeta i avskildhet och vi tyckte oss se att även en av lärarna lyfte fram atten sådan anpassning, förutsatt att den skedde på elevens initiativ, kunde bidra till ökad snarareän minskad delaktighet. Utifrån intervjuerna med flickorna kunde vi skönja en efterfrågan påökad kompetens hos lärare kring hur adhd-liknande svårigheter kan ta sig uttryck hos flickor.Vi såg en fara i att fokus på ökad kunskap om diagnosen adhd skulle kunna bidra till ettkompensatoriskt perspektiv på skolsvårigheter, där till exempel specialpedagogikens uppgiftfrämst skulle vara att kompensera individen utifrån de brister denne uppvisar (Nilholm, 2020).Emellertid ansåg vi ändå att kunskapen kan gynna flickornas skolsituation eftersom den kangenerera mer förståelse och kunnande för hur skolan kan anpassa undervisningen för ökaddelaktighet.

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  • 16.
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Dahlbäck, Ann-Charlotte
    Piteå kommun.
    Hagström, Anna-Karin
    Piteå kommun.
    Viklund, Sara
    Piteå kommun.
    Att leda med omsorg: fyra handledningsmetaforer i aktionsforskning2022In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 28-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset för praktiknära skolforskning är idag stort. Aktionsforskning är en populär form för samarbete mellan forskare och lärare där handledning är centralt. Syftet med denna studie är att problematisera handledning och handledarroller i aktionsforskningsprojekt. Som teoretisk grund ligger den amerikanska utbildningsfilosofen Nel Noddings omsorgsetik. Deltagarna i studien är en forskare och tre lärare som alla har erfarenheter av att leda aktionsforskningsprojekt genomförda inom kommunal skolverksamhet. Datainsamling har skett genom skriftliga reflektioner och kollegiala samtal om handledning och handledarroller. Analysen har utgått ifrån tematisk analys och domäninteraktionsmodell. I analysen framträder fyra handledningsmetaforer i aktionsforskning: trädgårdsmästaren, herden, läraren och brobyggaren. Alla rollerna kan praktiseras samtidigt och fingertoppskänsla avgör när en handledare går in i och ut ur olika roller. Slutsatsen är att omsorgsetik kan bidra till ökad förståelse för handledning som något situerat och relationellt, där ett symmetriskt förhållningssätt mellan handledare och handledd betonas. I handledning är det viktigt att inte behandla alla likadant, utan att i stället lära känna varandra som individer, ha tilltro till varandra och visa omsorg baserad på specifika behov. Handledarens roll omfattar att skapa förståelse för andras perspektiv samt att inbjuda till kommunikation och reflektion. Utifrån studiens resultat kan konstateras att de fyra metaforerna för handledarroller är användbara för att belysa komplexiteten i handledarroller och för att bidra till underlag för reflektion och omformulerande av stereotypa handledarroller.

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  • 17.
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Dahlbäck, Ann-Charlotte
    Svensby and Böle School, Piteå Municipality, Sweden.
    Hagström, Anna-Karin
    Music & Dance School, Piteå Municipality, Sweden.
    Viklund, Sara
    Department of Creative Studies, Umeå University & Piteå Municipality, Sweden.
    Leading with care: four mentor metaphors in collaboration between teachers and researchers in action research (Translated from the Swedish and revised by the authors)2023In: Educational action research, ISSN 0965-0792, E-ISSN 1747-5074Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mentoring is a central aspect of action research processes and raises ethical issues concerning roles and responsibilities, particularly when teachers and researchers collaborate. The purpose of the study is to explore mentoring and the roles of mentors in action research from an ethical stance. The theoretical basis is the philosophy of care ethics developed by the American educational philosopher, Nel Noddings. Participants in the study included one researcher and three teachers with experience serving as mentors in action research. Data collection included written reflections and collegial conversations on mentoring. Thematic analysis and the domain interactional model were used in the analysis, where four mentor metaphors in action research emerged: the gardener, the shepherd, the teacher and the bridge-builder. All roles can be practiced at the same time; sensitivity determines when a mentor moves in and out of different roles. The study finds that care ethics can contribute to an increased understanding of mentoring as something situated and relational, where a symmetrical approach between mentor and mentee is emphasized. The goal of mentoring should not be to treat everyone equally, but instead to build relationships on the individual level in order to establish mutual trust based on individual needs. The study shows that the four mentor metaphors can serve as a useful tool for critical reflection on the complexity of the mentor role and accordingly, the renegotiation of stereotypical mentor roles in relation to the quality of teaching.

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  • 18.
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Graeske, Caroline
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Praktiknära forskning i förskola och skola - undervisning, forskning och utveckling i samverkan2022 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Hansson, Kristina
    Skola på vetenskaplig grund i praktiken: Akademisering av lärares arbete2021Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching. Piteå kommun, Sweden.
    Kassfeldt, Anna
    Luleå kommun, Sweden.
    Viklund, Sara
    Piteå kommun, Sweden; Umeå universitet, Sweden.
    Westerlund, Stina
    Umeå universitet, Sweden.
    Wiklund, Christina
    Piteå kommun, Sweden.
    Wikström, Linda
    Piteå kommun, Sweden.
    Ett forsknings- och utvecklingsteams arbete i uppstarten – en balansgång mellan behov, krav och förväntningar2023In: Forskning & utveckling i förskola och skola (Fufos), ISSN 2004-3635, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 32-48Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I Piteå kommun bildades i januari 2022 ett forsknings- och utvecklingsteam (FoU-teamet) bestående av kommunens vetenskapliga ledare och fyra förvaltningsövergripande förstelärare. Teamet tillsattes för att arbeta med forskning och utveckling (FoU) i kommunens grundskolor och gymnasier och utgjorde ett led i Utbildningsförvaltningens strävan att förverkliga Skollagens krav om en utbildning på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet (SFS 2010:800). Denna artikel bygger på en studie av FoU-teamets uppstartsfas: de utmaningar som teamet mötte under den första terminen och de lärdomar som gjordes. För att förstå de olika kontexter som var centrala för teamets arbete användes ett policy enactment-perspektiv (Braun et al., 2011). Data samlades in genom att teammedlemmarna och en inbjuden medforskare reflekterade skriftligt samt genomförde fokusgruppsamtal. De utmaningar som framträder i materialet rör tre teman: Öppenhet och styrning i uppdraget, Strategiskt och operativt arbete samt Bredd och djup i aktiviteterna. Lärdomar som drogs var att det behövs tydliga men samtidigt flexibla strukturer, både långsiktigt och kortsiktigt perspektiv samt att förankringsarbete är viktigt. En central slutsats är att teamet, för att hantera utmaningarna, har gått balansgång och navigerat mellan interna och externa behov, krav och förväntningar på teamets arbete.

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  • 21.
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Viklund, Sara
    Piteå kommun.
    Aktionsforskning i undervisningen: från idé till handling2021 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Bergmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Westman, Susanne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Att utveckla undervisningen i förskola på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet: Förskollärares professionella lärande i ett aktionsforskningsprojekt2022In: Utbildning & Lärande, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 7-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish preschool has undergone some radical education policy changes during recent years, all of which have affected teachers’ work. The focus of this article is on the changes relating to the demand for research-based education and how the concept of teaching has been introduced in preschool. The aim of this article was to study preschool-teachers’ professional learning in relation to research-based education within an action research project which focused a new conversation method with the children. The theoretical framework of the study was based on social learning theory and communities of practice. The empirical data consists of collegial conversations and written documents produced in the action research project. The results show that the preschoolteachers in a mutual agreement persistently examined and negotiated conversation methods so that they could be adapted to their view of teaching, their professional self, and children and children’s participation and learning. Through a common repertoire of scientific tools and social learning processes, they reflected each other’s teaching in an open, trustful, and appreciative collaboration, and together, they critically reviewed and problematized their earlier experiences and their teaching in relation to research.

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  • 23.
    Bergqvist, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    An inquiry of different interpretations of programming in conjunction with mathematics teaching2022In: Bringing Nordic mathematics education into the future: Proceedings of Norma 20, The ninth Nordic Conference on Mathematics Education / [ed] Nortvedt, G. A.; Buchholtz, N. F.; Fauskanger, J.; Hähkiöniemi, M.; Jessen, B. E.; Naalsund, M.; Nilsen, H. K.; Pálsdóttir, G.; Portaankorva-Koivisto, P.; Radišić, J.; Sigurjónsson, J. Ö.; Viirman, O.; Wernberg, A., Svensk förening för MatematikDidaktisk Forskning - SMDF, 2022, , p. 234p. 17-24Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses computational thinking and programming in mathematics teaching and aims to shed light on different interpretations of what programming entails. The literature review revealed that there are mainly two ways of approaching programming in an educational context either by a narrow interpretation or a broader interpretation of programming. These different interpretations of programming are manifested in different ways in mathematics teaching. The narrow interpretation is manifested in an activity that focuses on learning to write code on a computer, while the broader interpretation of programming is displayed in activities with a focus on learning how solve problems in such a way it can be executed by a computer or by a human. Also, this article explores an appropriate programming activity within the context of mathematics education in Sweden. 

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  • 24.
    Bergström, Denise
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Har gloslistan en plats i språkklassrummet idag?2023In: Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, no 2, p. 26-29Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Bergström, Denise
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    ‘Solve the crossword’: an analysis of task design in EFL materials from a vocabulary perspective2023In: Language learning journal, ISSN 0957-1736, E-ISSN 1753-2167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning vocabulary is a central and time-consuming endeavour for a language learner and it has thus been suggested that the foreign language classroom has to supply explicit support for students’ vocabulary development. A major source of explicit word focus is vocabulary exercises in teaching materials and students’ learning can be facilitated if they are designed in a way that is conducive to learning. Few studies have so far sought to establish what learning opportunities tasks in materials provide. The present study reports an analysis of the vocabulary exercises in three series of Swedish intermediate EFL materials, focusing on target vocabulary and learning conditions. The target vocabulary was analysed in terms of frequency distribution in general English and the learning conditions provided were studied using a modified version of the Involvement Load Hypothesis. The results indicate that learning is facilitated through extensive retrieval opportunities in the material. However, it was also found that the exercises seldom require students to use the target vocabulary and that it comprises primarily high-frequency words, that is, words that the learners are likely to already know. It is therefore concluded that a more systematic approach to vocabulary has to be adopted by materials developers to ensure that word-focused tasks contribute significantly to students’ learning.

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  • 26.
    Bergström, Denise
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    What guides vocabulary instruction in the EFL classroom?: An analysis of teacher beliefs and teaching materials in Swedish secondary school2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the complexity of EFL vocabulary development, learners need structured support in this endeavor (e.g., Schmitt, 2008). School can play a central role in providing this support, as the classroom is the shared language learning environment for students. It is therefore important that the EFL classroom is organized in a way that facilitates vocabulary learning (Newton, 2020). Although there is a large body of research relating to how vocabulary is learned and what vocabulary students need to learn (cf. Nation, 2011), there is a considerable research gap relating to how vocabulary learning is approached and supported in the classroom and thus the learning opportunities provided to learners. This paper presents the results from a doctoral dissertation situated in Swedish secondary school that seeks to understand vocabulary instruction by studying factors impacting classroom practice, namely conceptualizations of vocabulary learning and learning support in EFL teaching materials. 

    This paper reports a synthesis of the results from four studies; two qualitative interview studies with Swedish EFL teachers and materials developers, one corpus-based analysis of the texts in EFL teaching materials and one analysis of vocabulary exercises in materials using word frequency and the Involvement Load Hypothesis (Laufer & Hulstijn, 2001) as analytical tools. The synthesis shows two main themes in the findings, namely that vocabulary instruction is not seen as a central concern for the classroom and that vocabulary instruction is not guided by a systematic approach. The paper discusses these findings in relation to contextual factors, such as communicative language teaching (Schurz & Coumel, 2020) and extramural English (Sundqvist, 2020), and their implications for the learning support provided in the classroom. As the results indicate a gap between vocabulary theory and EFL teaching practice, the paper also reflects on how this gap can be bridged by directing attention to the research community.  

     

    References:

    Laufer, B., & Hulstijn, J. (2001). Incidental vocabulary acquisition in a second language: The construct of task-induced involvement. Applied Linguistics, 22(1), 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/22.1.1

    Nation, I. S. P. (2011). Research into practice: Vocabulary. Language Teaching, 44(4), 529–539. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444811000267 

    Newton, J. (2020). Approaches to learning vocabulary inside the classroom. In S. Webb (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of vocabulary studies (pp. 255–270). Routledge. 

    Schmitt, N. (2008). Instructed second language vocabulary learning. Language Teaching Research, 12(3), 329–363. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362168808089921 

    Schurz, A., & Coumel, M. (2020). Grammar teaching in ELT: A cross-national comparison of teacher-reported practices. Language Teaching Research. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362168820964137

    Sundqvist, P. (2020). Sweden and informal language learning. In M. Dressman & R. Sadler (Eds.), The handbook of informal language learning (pp. 319–322). John Wiley & Sons.

  • 27.
    Bergström, Denise
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Words in school: A study of vocabulary learning support in the Swedish EFL classroom2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Vocabulary is a central but difficult aspect of learning English. EFL students face a considerable challenge in acquiring a vocabulary sufficient for communication, which means knowing many words and having a deep and varied knowledge of them. Researchers therefore argue that students need support to succeed in this endeavor, especially in an instructional context, where time and language exposure are limited. Although vocabulary research has provided many insights as concerns the nature of vocabulary learning, little is known about vocabulary learning in school. This thesis investigates vocabulary learning support in the Swedish secondary school EFL classroom in four empirical studies. The overall purpose of the studies was to illuminate the vocabulary component in areas that structure and organize the EFL classroom. It comprises two qualitative interview studies with teachers (n = 14) and materials developers (n = 8) respectively, and two content analyses of teaching materials focusing on the target words and learning conditions provided in the reading texts and the accompanying vocabulary exercises. 

    The results illuminate how vocabulary is positioned and how the vocabulary component is treated in the classroom. The findings from the interview studies show that although the teachers and the materials developers stated that vocabulary is important, they attested to not perceiving vocabulary as a prominent aspect of the EFL classroom. This was found to be a result of their understanding of vocabulary development as an incidental process. Much in the same vein, the interviewees expressed that they do not prioritize working explicitly with vocabulary in class and rely on words to be acquired when students engage in other activities. The results also show that the vocabulary component in the classroom is mainly unplanned, both in regard to both target words and vocabulary learning activities. Neither the teachers nor the materials developers reported any systematic approaches to planning vocabulary instruction. Similarly, the teaching material analyses reveal that the vocabulary component is not structured in a way that is in accordance with research-based suggestions. The thesis indicates that the Swedish EFL classroom is unlikely to provide sufficient vocabulary learning support, which, in turn, can have considerable implications for students’ learning in school. The findings are discussed in relation to central contextual factors such as communicative language teaching, the Swedish curriculum and extramural English. 

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  • 28.
    Bergström, Denise
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Norberg, Cathrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Nordlund, Marie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Do textbooks support incidental vocabulary learning? – a corpus-based study of Swedish intermediate EFL materials2022In: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning vocabulary is a central but yet complex aspect of learning a language. Hence, researchers stress the importance of facilitating vocabulary development via a structured approach to target words and recycling. While teaching materials have the potential to provide this structure to all students in a classroom, few studies have investigated the vocabulary component of textbooks and the learning opportunities they provide. In the present study, the texts in five series of EFL materials aimed at intermediate learners in Swedish secondary school (years 7–9) were investigated, using corpus-based methods. The results indicate that the texts encompass a suitable amount of unknown vocabulary for vocabulary learning from reading and provide exposure to mid-frequency vocabulary. However, it was also found that these items are not recycled sufficiently. Rather, the materials mainly recycle lexical items that students are likely to know already. It is therefore concluded that although the materials offer input suitable for the target students, they are not structured in a way that supports vocabulary development.

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  • 29.
    Bergström, Denise
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Norberg, Cathrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Nordlund, Marie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Recycled or just frequent?: A corpus-based analysis of recycling in Swedish EFL materials2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of word frequency for vocabulary development is generally agreed on (e.g., Ellis, 2002; Webb, 2014): the more frequently learners encounter a lexical item, the more likely they are to acquire it. As a result, it has been argued that it is beneficial for language learning if vocabulary input is structured in a way that ensures repeated encounters with target vocabulary. In the foreign language classroom, where the language input is limited, it can be difficult for the individual teacher to ensure that learners are encountering target words frequently enough (cf. Schmitt, 2019). Teaching materials can thus play a valuable role in the language classroom by being the source of structured vocabulary input, where target vocabulary is systematically recycled. Studies have evaluated teaching materials and their function as learning tools by investigating the amount of recycling in the books, using either the raw frequency of words or a type-token ratio. However, given that some words are inherently more frequent in the language, figures representing the extent of recycling may be misleading, as the recycled items may be words already known to the target students. 

    This paper presents a corpus-based textbook analysis where recycling is investigated numerically and the nature of the recycled items is also considered, that is, how frequent the recycled items are in general discourse. The corpus encompasses the texts from five series of intermediate EFL materials used in Swedish secondary schools (years 7–9)­. Lemmas occurring ten or more times were considered frequently recycled and thus possible to learn from the exposure. As the target students are intermediate learners, particular attention was paid to the amount of recycled mid-frequency vocabulary (cf. Schmitt & Schmitt, 2014) in the materials.

    The results indicate that although a considerable proportion of the lexical input is recycled ten or more times in the materials, the vast majority of the recycled items are high-frequency words, which students are likely to already know. Considering the target students, this means that the recycling figures cannot be considered favorable for vocabulary development. It thus appears that investigations of the recurrence of words may have to be complemented with analyses of their frequency profile to understand the vocabulary learning opportunities in language learning materials.

  • 30.
    Bergström, Denise
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Norberg, Cathrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Nordlund, Marie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    “The text comes first” – Principles guiding EFL materials developers’ vocabulary content decisions2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 67, no 1, p. 154-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One core aspect of learning a language is developing vocabulary, an endeavor that requires a structured and principled focus in the classroom. As the EFL textbook has a central position in the language learning classroom, it should have an important role to play in structuring vocabulary development. Yet, what guides decisions concerning the vocabulary content in textbooks has not been thoroughly studied. This paper presents an interview study with eight Swedish materials developers of frequently used EFL teaching materials aimed at school years 7–9. The results show that the materials developers focus primarily on providing engaging texts and base the vocabulary content on end users’ opinions and their own intuition. The study also indicates that word lists are construed as a tool primarily for reading comprehension rather than for vocabulary learning. The study concludes that vocabulary research findings appear to have a limited impact on decisions about vocabulary content.

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  • 31.
    Bergström, Denise
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Norberg, Cathrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Nordlund, Marie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    “Words are picked up along the way”: Swedish EFL teachers’ conceptualizations of vocabulary knowledge and learning2022In: Language Awareness, ISSN 0965-8416, E-ISSN 1747-7565, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 393-409Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vocabulary is a core feature of language proficiency, requiring explicit attention in the language classroom. As teachers’ conceptualizations influence their teaching, their understanding of vocabulary deserves closer attention. Yet, few teacher cognition studies focus on vocabulary, and even fewer on non-native teachers’ conceptualizations of vocabulary. This paper presents an interview study with Swedish EFL teachers at secondary school level. Fourteen teachers were interviewed about their beliefs and practices in relation to vocabulary development in the classroom. The study shows that despite a general understanding of the importance of vocabulary in language learning among the teachers, vocabulary was not seen as a learning objective in its own right. Closely connected to this understanding, the teachers showed a great reliance on incidental vocabulary learning, where words were understood as “picked up along the way” while doing other things, such as reading and playing games. It was also found that although the teachers showed an awareness of the many aspects involved in word knowledge, they mentioned few methods to work with them. The study suggests a need for a more explicit focus on vocabulary instruction in the language learning classroom.

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  • 32.
    Bergström, Denise
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Nordlund, Marie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Are students given equal opportunities to develop vocabulary knowledge? Swedish EFL teaching materials from a lexical perspective2023In: National Forum for English Studies, 26-28 April 2023: Abstracts, Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    English proficiency is a core skill for Swedish students today, as is visible in the curriculum for compulsory school where it is stated that school has a responsibility for ensuring that each student can “communicate in English, both in the spoken and written language” (Skolverket,2022, p. 13, our translation). To reach English language proficiency a substantial knowledge of vocabulary, both in terms of size and depth (Nation, 2022), is necessary. Vocabulary is, however, not prominent in the syllabus for English in Swedish compulsory school and studies have indicated that Swedish EFL teachers do not prioritize vocabulary instruction (Bergström et al., 2022). It has also been found that vocabulary learning is facilitated by systematicity and structure (Schmitt, 2019). The teaching material used in the classroom can be of support in reaching this structure in vocabulary learning, if it provides well-planned input. We have carried out a number of analyses of the vocabulary learning opportunities provided in Swedish EFL teaching materials for compulsory school. Taken together, the results indicate that thereis a lack of systematic approach to vocabulary in textbooks throughout compulsory school. Combined with the vague writings in the curriculum, this questions the support given to students in this respect. In this paper, we report on the compiled research findings and discuss the implications for equal opportunities in Swedish schools. We also present future directions for lexical analyses of teaching materials, informed by advances in linguistic research.  

    References:

    Bergström, D., Norberg, C., & Nordlund, M. (2022). “Words are picked up along the way” –Swedish EFL teachers’ conceptualizations of vocabulary knowledge and learning. Language Awareness, 31(4), 393–409. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658416.2021.1893326

    Nation, I. S. P. (2022). Learning vocabulary in another language (3rd ed.). Cambridge University Press.

    Schmitt, N. (2019). Understanding vocabulary acquisition, instruction, and assessment: Aresearch agenda. Language Teaching, 52(2), 261–274. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444819000053

    Skolverket. (2022). Läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2022 [Curriculum for the compulsory school, preschool class and the recreation centre 2022].Skolverket. 

  • 33.
    Bergström, Fanny
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    ”Verksamheten är vi proffsen på, men barnet är föräldern proffs på”: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares positioneringar under inskolning av nya barn2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie var att analysera förskollärares positioneringar av sig själva och av vårdnadshavare under inskolning av nya barn i förskolan. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt var positioneringsteorin, och datainsamlingen skedde genom kvalitativa intervjuer med tre verksamma förskollärare på avdelningar för yngre barn. Empirin utgjordes av transkriberingarna från de genomförda intervjuerna och detta har sedan analyserats med hjälp av tematisk analys, där materialet sorterades, reducerades, tematiserades och argumenterades. Tematiseringen gjordes genom kategorisering och kodning av transkriberingarna för att upptäcka vilka positioneringar som framträdde i materialet. Studiens resultat visade att förskollärare positionerar sig själva och vårdnadshavare på flera olika sätt i sina beskrivningar för inskolning av nya barn i förskolan. Förskollärarna positionerade sig själva bland annat som informant, förstående och anpassande. Några av förskollärarnas vanligast förekommande positioneringar av vårdnadshavare var positionen som oerfaren, otrygg och informant. Förskollärarnas positioneringar av sig själva och av vårdnadshavare kunde kategoriseras som antingen överordnade, likvärdiga och underordnade positioner. Utifrån resultatet framgick det att förskollärarna växlade mellan att positionera sig själva eller vårdnadshavare som överordnad, samt att detta ofta medförde att förskollärarna positionerade sig själva och vårdnadshavare som likvärdiga. Utifrån positionerna som presenterades i resultatet fördes en diskussion där det framgick att innebörden för den överordnade positionen varierade beroende på om förskollärarna positionerade sig själva eller vårdnadshavare som överordnad.  Slutsatserna som drogs var bland annat att förskollärares positionering påverkas av deras perspektiv och tidigare erfarenheter, samt att kombinationen av förskollärares pedagogiska och yrkesmässiga expertis tillsammans med vårdnadshavares expertis kring sina barn krävs för att barn och vårdnadshavare ska kunna erbjudas goda inskolningar.

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  • 34.
    Biernat, Barbara
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Kroik, Therese
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Språket, en självklarhet för alla – eller?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om förskollärares erfarenheter av ett språkutvecklande arbetssätt2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att bidra med kunskap om förskollärares beskrivningar av hur de arbetar språkutvecklande i förskolan. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter är det sociokulturella och relationella perspektivet. Studiens forskningsfrågor besvarades genom en kvalitativ forskningsansats där semistrukturerade intervjuer användes. Den insamlade datan analyserades utifrån studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter samt tidigare forskning. Resultatet visar att samtliga förskollärare beskriver att de arbetar språkutvecklande på förskolorna men strategierna som användes skilde sig åt mellan förskolorna. Resultatet visar dock att alla förskollärare är eniga om att TAKK (Tecken som stöd och kompletterande kommunikation) och visuellt stöd är avgörande faktorer i ett språkutvecklande arbete som inkluderar alla barn. Aktivt närvarande pedagoger i förskolan är väsentliga för möjligheten till att främja alla barns kommunikation och interaktion med andra barn.

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  • 35.
    Bjuhr, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Palo, Annbritt
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Manderstedt, Lena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Polarisation and marginalisation – discourses on Sami as L1 mother tongue instruction in syllabus, and media debate2023In: Intercultural Education, ISSN 1467-5986, E-ISSN 1469-8439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, curricula and syllabi for education are politically determined after public consultations. Thus, these educational documents are discursive trade-offs reflecting research, traditions in the educational system, and political ideologies. This study maps the discourses in the syllabus for Sami as L1 mother tongue for preschool class – Year 9, and mother tongue instruction in media debate 2016–2022. It problematises the educational implications of the language ideologies and tensions in the material. While Sami is accorded the status as mother tongue, it does not have the same status as Swedish or even Modern languages. Mother tongue instruction is promoted as the foundation for learning other languages, and multilingualism as an asset for Sweden as a country, and for the individual. The quality of mother tongue instruction is criticised by Sami and other minorities, as well as by those perceiving mother tongue instruction as a threat to assimilation.

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  • 36.
    Bjuhr, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Palo, Annbritt
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Manderstedt, Lena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    The marginalizing and polarizing impact of educational policy: The Sami languages as L1 in Sweden2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Björkman, Per
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Du kan lära dig mycket av andra, men mer av dig själv2021Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är ett utvecklingsarbete som genomförts under särskild Kompletterande Utbildning (sKPU) vid Luleå Tekniska Högskola (LTU), höstterminen 2020.

    Syftet med utvecklingsarbetet har varit att fördjupa bilden av hur eleverna kan utveckla sin förmåga och förståelse med stöd av portföljmetodik, bedömningsmatris och självbedömning under ett praktiskt moment i teknik. Genom att låta eleverna dokumentera sitt arbete i en a) portfölj och genom en lektionsserie där formativa verktyg som b) återkoppling och c) självbedömning med bedömningsmatris används, vill jag undersöka om elevernas inlärning förbättras.

    Uppsatsen baserar sina resultat på skriftliga utvärderingar från 23 elever i årskurs sju. Utvärderingen ställde frågor om hur eleverna upplever arbetet med en portfölj samt med formativa verktyg som återkoppling och självbedömning med hjälp av en bedömningsmatris.

    Resultatet visade att eleverna upplevde att portföljmetodiken innebar arbetsglädje, tydlighet och god överblick samt verkade positivt för inlärningen. Eleverna tyckte också att återkopplingen de fick av läraren, med utgångspunkt i en bedömningsmatris, fungerade som ett verktyg för inlärning, för att nå en bättre slutprodukt och för att nå ett bättre betyg. En majoritet av eleverna upplevde att bedömningsmatrisen var enkel att förstå, men ungefär hälften av eleverna upplevde det som svårt att göra en självbedömning.

    Avslutningsvis förs en diskussion om portföljmetodiken kan vara användbar för dokumentation och bedömning av konstruktionsprojekt i teknik. Vidare diskuteras om formativ bedömning såsom skriftlig återkoppling och självbedömning med hjälp av bedömningsmatris utgör effektiva undervisningsverktyg under ett praktiskt moment i teknik.

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  • 38.
    Brock, Malin Lidström
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Biographical Fiction: The Case of Virginia Woolf in Manhattan2015In: “Biography”: Popular Culture Association and American Culture Association National Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. April, 2015., 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Brock, Malin Lidström
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Mad, Bad or (Just) Sad?: Recent Biofiction of Zelda Fitzgerald2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Brusewitz, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    "- Jag gjorde ingenting, så jag kan inte ha gjort fel.": En studie i att avdramatisera improvisation hos gymnasieelever.2023Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet var att undersöka om lärare kan avdramatisera ämnet improvisation och därigenom göra ämnet lättare att närma sig för eleverna. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten för arbetet är det sociokulturella perspektivet. Undersökningen har genomförts på individuella gitarrlektioner på ett estetiskt gymnasieprogram där eleverna har fått öva på improvisation genom olika övningar.

    Innan lektionsserien genomfördes en intervju där det visade sig att de elever som hade lite erfarenhet av improvisation hade mycket ångest och oro kopplat till momentet, medan de elever som hade mer erfarenhet av improvisation uttryckte en avslappnad inställning till ämnet och en glädje över att improvisera. Efter lektionsserien visar det sig att samtliga elever påverkades i en positiv riktning. De elever som hade en mer negativ relation till improvisation vågade mer och uttryckte mer glädje över ämnet. De elever som redan hade en positiv inställning uttryckte att de fått fler verktyg för improvisation.

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  • 41.
    Brännlund, Sofie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Är det en likhet eller inte?: En läromedelsanalys i grundskolans tidiga år med fokus på likhetstecknet.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Likhetstecknet är ett grundläggande begrepp inom matematiken. I denna studie är två  olika elevböcker inom matematik analyserat, Mera favorit matematik och Livet i Mattelandet. Syftet med studien var att analysera hur likhetstecknet introduceras samt hur de olika elevböckerna i fortsättningen behandlar likhetstecknet. Studien avsåg att klargöra hur de två olika elevböckerna fördelade ekvationstyperna, standardekvation samt icke standardekvation. Metoden som har använts för att svara på studiens syfte är en innehållsanalys. Uppgifterna kategoriserades och granskades genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys. Därpå undersöktes uppgifterna med ett kvalitativt förhållningssätt. Resultatet av analysen visar att det finns både likheter och skillnader mellan elevböckerna. Likheten är att båda elevböckerna erbjuder till största del standardekvationer. Skillnaden mellan elevböckerna är att Livet i Mattelandet erbjuder eleverna ekvationstypen icke standardekvation med operation båda sidor i större utsträckning än Mera favorit matematik. Livet i Mattelandet har till skillnad från Mera favorit matematik inte delat upp elevböckerna i olika delar utan tanken är att eleverna ska arbeta med alla sidor i Livet i Mattelandet, Favorit matematik erbjuder till stor del icke standardekvationer på sidorna som eleverna som behöver utmanas gör. Resultatet visar inte på det som tidigare forskning kommit fram till är viktigt.

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  • 42.
    Brännmark, Theres
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Identitet i norrbottniska elevers språkbiografier2020In: ASLA-Symposiet 2020: Abstraktsamling [The ASLA Symposium 2020: Book of Abstracts], 2020, p. 16-17Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som lokal kontext är Norrbotten flerspråkigt med svenska som officiellt språk, genom migrationsspråk och de historiskt och geografiskt knutna och politiskt erkända minoritetsspråken finska, meänkieli och samiska. Den här presentationen lyfter fram resultatet av en studie där elevers språkbiografier används för att belysa individuella perspektiv på språk i det dagliga livet, erfarenheter, attityder och konstruktion av språkidentitet (Busch 2015). Studiens syfte är att undersöka norrbottniska grundskoleelevers språkbiografier för att få kontextförankrad kunskap om individuella erfarenheter av språk i och utanför skolan och generera narrativ om språklig identitet.      

    Betydelsen av språk som resurs för att konstruera och uttrycka identitet betonats av många forskare (exv. Kramsch 2009; Ridanpää 2018). Tidigare forskning visar också hur individer använder olika språkliga resurser när de navigerar i olika kontexter (García 2009), oavsett språk som talas i hemmet (Wedin 2016). Teoretiskt ansluter studien sig till det sociolingvistiska paradigm som frångår synen på språk som autonoma, separerbara enheter och istället antar ett holistiskt perspektiv på språkförmåga (Garcia 2009), där språkrepertoarer är ett unikt resultat i en persons språkbiografi (Blomaert & Backus 2013).      

    Analysen av språkbiografierna (Busch 2018) kretsar inte bara kring hur eleverna subjektivt beskriver språklig erfarenhet utan fokus riktas mot hur de uppfattar gränser mellan språk, positionerar sig själva och upplever behov av att positionera sig i relation till kontext.      

    Preliminära iakttagelser visar att eleverna lever i en vardag där språklig mångfald är ett naturligt inslag, där de själva använder språk med olika syften och i relation till olika kontexter och därigenom positionerar identitet. Resultatet visar också på en diskrepans mellan språk i skolan och språk utanför skolan. Utifrån resultaten diskuteras hur skolan kan bli en arena för- och skapa positiva konnotationer till språklig identitetsinvestering.  

    Referenser:

    Blomaert, J & Backus, AD (2013). Superdiverse repertoires and the individual. I: de Saint Georges, I & Weber, JJ (red.). Multilingualism and Multimodality: Current Challenges for Educational Studies 11-32. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers

    Busch, B (2015). Expanding the Notion of the Linguistic Repertoire: On the Concept of Spracherleben—The Lived Experience of Language. Applied Linguistics 38 (3): s. 340–358

    Busch, B (2018). The language portrait in multilingualism research: Theoretical an methodological considerations. Working Papers in Urban Lanugage Literacies, Paper 236.

    García, O. (2009). Bilingual education in the 21st century: A global perspective. Malden, MA:Blacwell/Wiley


    Kramsch, C (2009). The Multilingual Subject. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Ridanpää, J. (2018) Why save a minority language? Meänkieli and rationales of language revitalization. Fennia 196(2) 187–203

    
Wedin, Åsa (2016). Flerspråkighet och identitetsutveckling. Skolutveckling som policy och praktik. I: Ljung Egeland, B, Olin Scheller, C, Tanner, M & Tengberg, M (red.). Tolfte nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning, Karlstad 24–25 nov, 2016. Karlstad: Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik vid Karlstads universitet

  • 43.
    Brännmark, Theres
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Konkurrerande språkuppfattningar. En studie av läroplaner för grundskolan i Finland, Norge och Sverige2022In: Acta Didactica Norden, E-ISSN 2535-8219, Vol. 16, no 3, article id 17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel analyserar läroplaner för grundskolan i Finland, Norge och Sverige med fokus på hur språklig mångfald konstrueras och med intresse för vilka maktrelationer som kommer till uttryck genom läroplanerna. Språksituationen som förbinder språk och språkgrupper över riksgränserna och den språkliga mångfalden i respektive samhälle gör en analys av de tre läroplanerna särskilt intressant. Syftet är att beskriva och problematisera språklig mångfald samt de normer och ideologi som reflekteras i läroplanerna och organiserar språklig mångfald. Den kritiska diskursanalysen visar att den finska och norska läroplanen har en positiv inställning till och normaliserar språklig mångfald. Samtidigt har det betydelse vilka språk som ingår i den flerspråkiga kompetensen. I den svenska läroplanen är enspråkighet norm. Läroplanernas språksyn och hierarkiseringen av språk antyder att det råder konkurrensförhållande mellan olika språk. I studien framkommer att språkurvalet i läroplanerna bidrar till att upprätthålla ojämna maktrelationer mellan de som behärskar prioriterade språk och de som inte gör det. Diskussionen belyser vikten av att kritiskt ifrågasätta läroplanernas implicita särskiljande av språk och därmed talare av dessa språk.

  • 44.
    Bygdemo, Linn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Lärares användning av läs- och skrivmetoder.: En kvalitativ studie som undersöker lärares syn på läs- och skrivutvecklingeni skolan.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Syftet med studien är att bidra med ytterligare kunskaper om vilket arbetssätt lärare använder föratt utveckla elevers läs- och skrivförmåga med ändamålet att eleverna ska uppleva motivation ochdärmed finna skolundervisningen givande. För att besvara mina frågeställningar planerade jag ochgenomförde ostrukturerade observationer och kvalitativa intervjuer i årskurs 1, som sedananalyserades. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten som studien utgår från är det sociokulturellaperspektivet. Lärarna har redogjort viktiga aspekter för att utveckla elevernas läs- ochskrivförmåga, hur de arbetar med elevernas läs- och skrivutveckling samt hur de upplevelserelevernas motivation.

    Resultatet visar att lärarna inte arbetar efter en specifik läs- och skrivmetod men där de klart ändåkan vilket arbetssätt och arbetsform de använder sig av. Resultatet visar också att de flesta aveleverna känner sig motiverade men att det kan variera. I studien framkommer exempel på hurlärare arbetar med läs- och skrivutveckling och i vilka sammanhang som eleverna visar sig likamotiverade. Vidare visar resultaten att lärare är överens om att arbeta för att stimulera eleversmotivation är en av de viktigaste faktorerna för att utveckla elevers läs- och skrivförmåga.Resultatet påvisar också via observationerna att en viktig framgångsfaktor också är att elevernaarbetar i lärpar, som ett verktyg för lärandet under lektionerna. Interaktionen mellan eleverna skerinte spontant, utan sker när läraren ber eleverna att diskutera med sitt lärpar. Ena läraren ställerintressanta frågor till eleverna som bidrar till reflektion och gör eleverna delaktiga under lektionen.Det framkommer även att miljön i klassrummen inte stimulerar i någon vidare utsträckning tillläsning. En lärare uppger att läsningen inte är lika prioriterad som den borde vara.

    Nyckelord: Läsmetoder, läs- och skrivutveckling, svenska, undervisning, motivation.

  • 45.
    Bäcklund, Johan
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Manderstedt, Lena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching. School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Anderström, Helena
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    We are mentoring more often: experiences of being a mentor in a training school project2022In: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In teacher education mentoring pre-service teachers is a critical factor. With background in research around mentoring pre-service teachers in connection to a training school project, this study aims to contribute knowledge about and identify mentors’ experiences of mentorship in the setting of a training school. Through focus group interviews and semi-structured interviews, foregone by a survey aiming at identifying general views of mentoring, helping to create interview guides, data has been collected for 11 months. Through an interpretative phenomenological analysis, the results show two key themes emerging from mentoring in a training school where the first is strengthening the role as a mentor through three distinct experiences: collegiate learning, structure, and competence development. The second theme, challenging in the role as a mentor, involves four distincttdslevelions of experiences: assessment, planning (linked to the mentoring situation), workload and diversity. The conclusions show that the general experience is positive, but that there are some factors concerning stress and workload; a reworked structure that need to be put into consideration.

  • 46.
    Bäcktorp, Lili Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Elevers upplevelser av formativa bedömningsmatriser2021Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta utvecklingsarbete har fokuserat på att undersöka elevers upplevelser av formativa bedömningsmatriser i undervisningen i kemi och att undersöka elevers upplevelser av att ge och få kamratrespons. Undersökningen har baserats på 25 elevers upplevelser av när de använt två olika sorters formativa analytiska bedömningsmatriser: en generell/uppgiftsnärabedömningsmatris som användes när de skrev laborationsrapport och gjorde kamratbedömning,och en uppgiftsspecifik som användes när de genomförde laborationsmomenten.Eleverna har besvarat frågeformulär där både öppna och stängda frågor formulerats. Svaren på dessa frågor har analyserats och kategoriserats utifrån frågeställningarna.Resultaten i detta utvecklingsarbete visar tydligt att eleverna upplevde att användning av de båda bedömningsmatriserna påverkade deras kunskapsutveckling positivt. Framför allt den uppgiftsspecifika formativa bedömningsmatrisen inte bara guidade dem under bedömningsmomentet, utan hjälpte dem också att formulera vad de skulle förbättra till nästa gång. Däremot var de mer tveksamma till hur de såg på kamratbedömning och så många som 1/3 tyckte att det var meningslöst. De upplevde att de lärde sig mer av att få feedback vid kamratbedömning än att ge feedback.

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  • 47.
    Carlbom, Daniel
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Carlbom, Jennie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    "En kompisteckning. För det är en teckning man gör tillsammans med sina kompisar": En studie om social hållbarhet i en postmodern förskola2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to portrait how children in a Swedish, post-modern preschool interplay with each other, and how they use the diversity of materials to communicate as a way of establishing asocial sustainability. Initially, we start with explaining the word “sustainability” and how the different dimensions of sustainable development come together. Our theoretical standpoint is as described, heavily influenced by the postmodern perspective and Reggio Emilia’s preschool practice featuring democracy, diversity, and expressions through a hundred languages. We also take a stand in the sociocultural perspective and its views on communication and actions between humans.

    We are aware of the imparities between the two theories but chose to combine their individual views on communication and/via material as a bridge upon which we placed this study. The method used for this study is a group dialogue whilst us and the participants, children at the age of 2 to 5, created a “friendship painting”. The material used for the activity was chosen by the participants to encourage their individual ways of expressions. This also helped us to find the agent of the material in the learning situations. The results show that the participants have a democratic approach to each other and to us as students in these activities. The participating children showed a sustainable approach to the social aspect of development through compassion, justice, dialogue, and flexibility to each other and to new people that shows an interest in their community.

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  • 48.
    Cervantes, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Öqvist, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Preschool teachers and caregivers’ lack of repositioning in response to changed responsibilities in policy documents2021In: Journal of Early Childhood Research, ISSN 1476-718X, E-ISSN 1741-2927, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 323-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Preschool teachers and caregivers have a close working relationship as part of a working team to benefit the children in Swedish preschools. In 2011, a new educational reform was introduced according to which preschools became a school form in their own right within the overall educational system in Sweden. The objective of the policy was to strengthen the profession of preschool teachers by affording them clearer responsibility over the quality of educational practices and curriculum work. It also entailed a division of labour between the preschool teachers and caregivers in the working team. The current study explored how Swedish preschool teachers and caregivers positioned themselves in response to these changes in responsibility. In this qualitative study, data were collected from 17 preschool teachers and caregivers via an open-ended questionnaire. Preschool teachers and caregivers viewed themselves as having equal responsibility in the working team. Specifically, preschool teachers upgraded the competence and position of caregivers while downgrading their own professional competence and position. Caregivers downgraded the profession and position of preschool teachers and upgraded their own competence and position to be equal to that of preschool teachers.

  • 49.
    Cooke, Audrey
    et al.
    Curtin University.
    Johansson, Maria L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Norén, Eva
    Stockholm University.
    Identifying the nonverbal mathematical exploration in preverbal children playing with a commercial toy2022In: Bringing Nordic mathematics education into the future: Proceedings of Norma 20, The ninth Nordic Conference on Mathematics Education / [ed] Nortvedt, G. A.; Buchholtz, N. F.; Fauskanger, J.; Hähkiöniemi, M.; Jessen, B. E.; Naalsund, M.; Nilsen, H. K.; Pálsdóttir, G.; Portaankorva-Koivisto, P.; Radišić, J.; Sigurjónsson, J. Ö.; Viirman, O.; Wernberg, A., Svensk förening för MatematikDidaktisk Forskning - SMDF , 2022, p. 33-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young children often engage with commercial toys, many of which are now connected to a television or online video program that the children (and their caregivers) can watch. Children who are preverbal are often engaged (and targeted) with these toys, benefitting with a range of learnings and demonstrations of understandings. This paper uses 360-degree videos to explore the learnings and understandings demonstrated when a preverbal child engages with a commercial toy with an educator. The 360-degree video shows the preverbal child’s behaviours, both in response to the educator’s speech and actions and self-initiated. Children were observed engaged in events, made up of behaviours that were delineated into actions to help the researchers identify what mathematical exploration and understandings each child may demonstrate. Of particular interest is the mathematical understandings and exploration that the child may demonstrated via their actions.

  • 50.
    Dahlbäck, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    Svensby skola, Piteå, Sweden; Böle skola, Piteå, Sweden.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Böle skola, Piteå, Sweden; Svensby skola, Piteå, Sweden; Strömnäs skola, Piteå, Sweden; Munksunds skola, Piteå, Sweden.
    Dahlberg, Mona
    Böle skola, Piteå, Sweden; Svensby skola, Piteå, Sweden.
    Brännström, Anna
    Svensby skola, Piteå, Sweden.
    Lundström, Gunilla
    Böle skola, Piteå, Sweden.
    Hortlund, Elisabeth
    Svensby skola, Piteå, Sweden; Böle skola, Piteå, Sweden.
    Manderstedt, Lena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Palo, Annbritt
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Utmaningar när hemmet involveras i läsningen2021In: Svenskläraren, ISSN 0346-2412, no 1/2, p. 26-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Läsprojekt ihop med vårdnadshavare kan ge guldstunder, men i värsta fall även öka kunskapsklyftorna. Här berättar lärare, från två F-3 skolor i Piteå, om sina erfarenheter efter att ha genomfört ett läsprojekt med forskares hjälp.

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