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  • 1.
    Hammarlund,, Cecilia
    et al.
    AgriFood Economics Center, Lund University.
    Ericsson, Karin
    Lunds tekniska högskola, LTH.
    Johansson, Helena
    AgriFood Economics Center, Lund University.
    Lundmark, Robert
    Olsson, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Pavlovskaia, Evgenia
    Lunds universitet.
    Wilhelmsson, Fredrik
    Food Economics Centre, Lund.
    Bränsle för ett bättre klimat: marknad och politik för biobränslen2010Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Lundmark, Robert
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Olsson, Anna
    Factor substitution and procurement competition for forest resources in Sweden2015In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 169, p. 99-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The utilisation of forest resources in the energy sector has been increasing, partly caused by economic policies introduced to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. This in turn has led to an increase in the procurement competition between the forest industries and the energy sector. A translog cost function approach is used to analyse the factor substitution in the sawmill industry, the pulp and paper industry and the heating industry in Sweden over the period 1970–2008. The estimated parameters are used to calculate the Allen and Morishima elasticities of substitution as well as the price elasticities of input demand. The results indicate that it is easier for the heating industry to substitutes between by-products and logging residues than it is for the pulp and paper industry to substitute between by-products and roundwood. This suggests that the pulp and paper industry could suffer from an increase in the procurement competition. However, overall the substitutions elasticities estimated in our study are relatively low. This indicates that substitution possibilities could be rather limited due to rigidities in input prices. This result suggests that competition of forest resources also might be relatively limited.

  • 3.
    Olsson, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Examining the competition for forest resources in Sweden using factor substitution analysis and partial equilibrium modelling2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall objective of the thesis is to analyse the procurement competition for forestresources in Sweden. The thesis consists of an introductory part and two self-containedpapers.In paper I a translog cost function approach is used to analyse the factorsubstitution in the sawmill industry, the pulp and paper industry and the heating industryin Sweden over the period 1970 to 2008. The estimated parameters are used to calculatethe Allen and Morishima elasticities of substitution as well as the price elasticities ofinput demand. The utilisation of forest resources in the energy sector has been increasingand this increase is believed to continue. The increase is, to a large extent, caused byeconomic policies introduced to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Such policiescould lead to an increase in the procurement competition between the forest industriesand the energy sector. The calculated substitution elasticities indicate that it is easier forthe heating industry to substitutes between by-products and logging residues than it is forthe pulp and paper industry to substitute between by-products and roundwood. Thissuggests that the pulp and paper industry could suffer from an increase in theprocurement competition. However, overall the substitutions elasticities estimated in ourstudy are relatively low. This indicates that substitution possibilities could be ratherlimited due to rigidities in input prices. This result suggests that competition of forestresources also might be relatively limited.In paper II a partial equilibrium model is constructed in order to asses the effectsan increasing utilisation of forest resources in the energy sector. The increasing utilisationof forest fuel is, to a large extent, caused by economic policies introduced to reduce theemission of greenhouse gases. In countries where forests already are highly utilised suchpolicies will lead to an increase in the procurement competition between the forest sectorand the energy sector. It is therefore of interest of, for example, policy makers to be ableto analyse the effects of these policies. The purpose of this study is to construct a modelof the Swedish forest sector and energy sector in order to enable such analyses given theincreasing inter-linkages between energy production and biomass. The model is used tostudy how an increasing demand from the energy sector can affect the forest industriesfor example in terms of increasing procurement competition for forest resources. Apartial equilibrium model was thus constructed and applied to the Swedish forest sectorand energy sector. A baseline scenario is calibrated using the GAMS software. Fourscenarios of different development paths are then simulated and compared to the baselinescenario. The results indicate that the impacts on the procurement competition betweenthe forest sector and the energy sector are relatively moderate also in situations ofexpanding production in the forest industries. An increase in the competition betweenindustries in the energy sector can however be observed.

  • 4. Olsson, Anna
    et al.
    Lundmark, Robert
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Modelling the Competition for Forest Resources: The Case of Sweden2014In: Journal of energy and natural resources, ISSN 2330-7366, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 11-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Past decades increasing shares of forest resources have been diverted from the forest sector to the energy sector. The increasing utilization of forest fuel is, to a large extent, caused by economic policies introduced to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Since the energy sector is believed to continue to increase its use of forest fuel in the energy production in Sweden, it is of interest to investigate the effects of this. The purpose of this study is to analyses the extent and degree of forest resources competition in the presence of climate policy by accounting for the inter-linkages of forest resources utilization between the energy sector and the forest industries. A partial equilibrium model was thus constructed and applied to the Swedish forest sector and energy sector. A baseline scenario is calibrated using the GAMS software. Four scenarios with alternative development paths are then simulated and compared to the baseline scenario. The results indicate that the impacts on the procurement competition between the forest sector and the energy sector are relatively moderate also in situations of expanding production in the forest industries. An increase in the competition between industries in the energy sector can however be observed

  • 5.
    Wårell, Linda
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Olsson, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Trends and developments in the intensity of steel use: an econometric analysis2009In: 8th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD) and Securing the Future: Mining, Metals & the Environment in a Sustainable Society 2009: Skelleftea, Sweden, 22 - 26 June 2009, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
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