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Holmström, A., Lugnet, J. & Ericson, Å. (2024). Industry 4.0 Introduction in Critical Infrastructure: Information Security Reasoning in Practice. The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 20(1), 1-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industry 4.0 Introduction in Critical Infrastructure: Information Security Reasoning in Practice
2024 (English)In: The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, ISSN 1832-3669, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article presents an empirical study of critical infrastructure service providers in consulting, energy, and mining. The study aims to investigate how such service providers perceive and explain information security and challenges in the context of an information technology-operational technology (IT-OT) interconnected environment, that is, Industry 4.0. The study is based on qualitative data from semi-structured interviews with informants holding three different types of positions at the organizations, that is, OT security advisor, business developer, and information security coordinator. The study indicatively concludes that role and responsibility significantly impact practitioners’ reasoning and standpoints. Similarly, security focuses, or prioritization, differs between IT and OT. In line with the literature, the findings indicate that mindsets or mental models need further attention. The article, thus, suggests three research directions to develop insight for expanding information security practices to encompass human and organizational challenges based on behaviors, roles, norms, and attitudes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Common Ground Research Networks, 2024
Keywords
Operational Technology, Incident Management, Information Technology, Cybersecurity, Risk Management
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Information Systems; Cyber Security
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-103836 (URN)10.18848/1832-3669/CGP/v20i01/1-15 (DOI)
Projects
ISSUES
Funder
Interreg
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 1;2024-04-11 (signyg);

License full text: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License(CC BY 4.0).

Available from: 2024-01-19 Created: 2024-01-19 Last updated: 2024-04-19Bibliographically approved
Lindqvist, A.-K., Lugnet, J., Niska, A. & Rutberg, S. (2023). One should really be more worried about too little physical activity than injuries while walking or cycling to school. Parents’ perception of risk concerning active school transportation.. Journal of Transport and Health, 29, Article ID 101573.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>One should really be more worried about too little physical activity than injuries while walking or cycling to school. Parents’ perception of risk concerning active school transportation.
2023 (English)In: Journal of Transport and Health, ISSN 2214-1405, E-ISSN 2214-1405, Vol. 29, article id 101573Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction

Active school transportation (AST) can be a powerful strategy to promote physical activity and improve children's health. Parents' perceptions of traffic risks are an important factor in their decision concerning their child's transport mode to school and addressing discordances between the percieved risks and actual incidents might contribute to promote children's AST. This study adopted a game originally designed for the context of information security to resonate with the context of Swedish AST and the aim of the study was to describe parent's experience of playing the game.

Methods

A qualitative approach was chosen and data was collected using focus groups with 16 parents for totally 29 children aged 7–12. The collected data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Results

The results formed one main theme “Playing promotes parents' awareness and consideration of active school transportation” and three subthemes; “Fast, fun, and functional; Experiences from playing the game” showing that the parents perceived the game to be fun, easy, and time efficient to play. “Then and now. Own childhood experience vs being a parent” showing that parents' perception of risk can sometimes be barriers to their children's opportunity to use AST. “Personal perceptions vs statistical risk” showing that playing the game addressed the discordance between the parents' perceived risks and actual incidents, as well as promoted parents' awareness and consideration of AST.

Conclusions

Including an intervention component such as a game for parents and using schools as the arena for implementing projects promoting AST to improve children's physical activity levels, might be a fruitful avenue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Active transportation, Active travel, Physical activity, Parents, Children, Games
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Physiotherapy; Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95418 (URN)10.1016/j.jth.2023.101573 (DOI)000925408100001 ()2-s2.0-85147280732 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-01-30 (hanlid)

Available from: 2023-01-30 Created: 2023-01-30 Last updated: 2023-04-21Bibliographically approved
Lugnet, J., Ericson, Å. & Wenngren, J. (2022). Hinder och möjligheter i en digital undervisningsmiljö. In: Helena Håkansson (Ed.), Bidrag från 8:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar: . Paper presented at 8:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, Karlstad, Sweden, November 24 – 25, 2021 (pp. 62-65). Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hinder och möjligheter i en digital undervisningsmiljö
2022 (Swedish)In: Bidrag från 8:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Helena Håkansson, Karlstads universitet, 2022, p. 62-65Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Ingenjörens kompetenser beskrivs traditionellt som tekniskt orienterade. Eftersom industrin i dag är i en omvandling, mycket pga. klimatkrisen, men även pga. digitaliseringen, blir samverkan och innovation i kombination med tekniska baskunskaper ett uttryckt behov att tillgodose i ingenjörsutbildningar. Sådan mellanmänsklig och mer abstrakt kompetens blir central för arbete i tvärfunktionella utvecklingsteam, men även för utveckling av allt mer tjänsteinriktade produkter. Studenters olika preferenser för hur de tar sig an öppna problem är en utmaning för varje lärare i campusundervisningen, men blir allt mer utmanande att hantera i distansutbildningen. I det här bidraget reflekterar vi över våra erfarenheter från utbildning av ingenjörer inom innovativ produktdesign, tillsammans med erfarenheter från utveckling och genomförande av distans- och hybridkurser. Syftet är att dela med oss av våra erfarenheter hur studenter tar sig an en öppen frågeställning, dvs. verklighetsbaserade problem. Med bidraget vill vi inspirera till samtal om distansundervisningens hinder och möjligheter specifikt för moment som kräver att studenten reflekterar på ett annorlunda sätt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstads universitet, 2022
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2022:8
Keywords
Användarfokus, distansutbildning, problembaserat lärande, öppna problem
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-87311 (URN)
Conference
8:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, Karlstad, Sweden, November 24 – 25, 2021
Projects
UNIVERSEH
Note

ISBN för värdpublikation: 978-91-7867-271-4; 978-91-7867-281-3

Available from: 2021-10-01 Created: 2021-10-01 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Lugnet, J., Ericson, Å. & Jämsä, J. (2022). Organizational Information Security - In digitalized work. Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organizational Information Security - In digitalized work
2022 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
Luleå University of Technology, 2022. p. 14
National Category
Information Systems Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems; Centre - Centre for Critical Infrastructure and Societal Security (CISS)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-93362 (URN)
Projects
CYNIC
Available from: 2022-09-30 Created: 2022-09-30 Last updated: 2022-12-08Bibliographically approved
Lugnet, J. & Ericson, Å. (2022). Scenarios as a Tool for Professional Training in Information Security Dialogues. International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 18(2), 65-77
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scenarios as a Tool for Professional Training in Information Security Dialogues
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, ISSN 1832-3669, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 65-77Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents scenarios designed to support abstract and reflective thinking necessary to inculcate information security awareness among IT service designers. Data for the study was obtained in empirical interventions and through an action research approach in cooperation with an IT company. The findings highlight the need for training that, in combination with traditional contents, also integrates organizational, business, and social aspects into information security awareness. Rethinking a strategy for training to be grounded in scenarios from day-to-day business activities is one implication of the study; another is the suggestion to frame the scenarios as dilemmas, that is, problematic and realistic situations having multiple solutions depending on interpretations and perspectives, and a final conclusion is the importance of enabling structured in-depth dialogues among employees.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Common Ground Publishing, 2022
Keywords
Information Security Awareness, Social and Organizational Aspects, Scenario-Based Learning, Professional Education, Gamification
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Other Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Centre - Centre for Critical Infrastructure and Societal Security (CISS); Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-92367 (URN)10.18848/1832-3669/cgp/v18i02/65-77 (DOI)2-s2.0-85164924252 (Scopus ID)
Projects
CYNIC - Interreg NordUndis - Piia Vinnova
Funder
VinnovaInterreg NordNorrbotten County Council
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 1;2022-08-08 (hanlid);

Funder: CYNIC project (20201650), Lapin Liito;

Full text license: CC BY-NC-ND

Available from: 2022-08-04 Created: 2022-08-04 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved
Ericson, Å., Lugnet, J., Silawiang, H., Eliasson, L. & Wenngren, J. (2022). User-Centred Co-Design in the Pandemic - A Reindeer Case. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: . Paper presented at 17th International Design Conference (DESIGN 2022), Dubrovnik, Croatia, May 23-26, 2022 (pp. 171-180). Cambridges Institutes Press, 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>User-Centred Co-Design in the Pandemic - A Reindeer Case
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2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society, Cambridges Institutes Press, 2022, Vol. 2, p. 171-180Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An innovative design process which has been conducted under the restrictions during the covid-19 pandemic is in focus in this study. Visits were banned so user-centred design activities were particularly challenged by the necessity to meet and work online. The purpose of the study is to present and reflect on how user-centred design was done under those conditions. The potential users, the reindeer herders, were merely contacted online, the user investigation were supported by for example using videos and storytelling. Also, the final concept is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridges Institutes Press, 2022
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, ISSN 2732-527X
Keywords
user experience, design thinking, co-design, collaborative design, human-centred design
National Category
Information Systems Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-89189 (URN)10.1017/pds.2022.18 (DOI)2-s2.0-85131377354 (Scopus ID)
Conference
17th International Design Conference (DESIGN 2022), Dubrovnik, Croatia, May 23-26, 2022
Projects
AA3DCYNIC
Funder
Interreg NordNorrbotten County Council
Note

Funder: Lapin Liito

Available from: 2022-02-08 Created: 2022-02-08 Last updated: 2024-03-07Bibliographically approved
Lugnet, J., Ericson, Å. & Larsson, A. (2021). Realization of Agile Methods in Established Processes: Challenges and Barriers. Applied Sciences, 11(5), Article ID 2043.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Realization of Agile Methods in Established Processes: Challenges and Barriers
2021 (English)In: Applied Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-3417, Vol. 11, no 5, article id 2043Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents an explorative study and the results of 17 interviews with informants from different companies. Its purpose is to identify the challenges associated with implementing agile methods along with the established procedures for early design. The study exemplifies project leaders’ experiences and implementation efforts. As leaders of design projects, they have proposed the use of a new method that involves teams engaging in testing and evaluation, which aids in the understanding and introduction of change initiatives. The challenges that are identified are as follows: (1) a lack of approval not only from top managers but also from critical peers; (2) an unprepared organization that did not allow teamwork; and (3) a lack of specific company success factors to support new methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Switzerland: MDPI, 2021
Keywords
Engineering Design, Teamwork, User-centered design, Design practice, Agile Innovation
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-83031 (URN)10.3390/app11052043 (DOI)000627950500001 ()2-s2.0-85115055086 (Scopus ID)
Projects
The Kamprad Family Foundation for Entrepreneurship, Research & 491 Charity at Luleå University of TechnologyThe Knowledge Foundation in Sweden Through the Model- 492 Driven Development and Decision Support+ (MD3S+) research profile at Blekinge Institute of Technology
Funder
The Kamprad Family FoundationKnowledge Foundation, MD3S+
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-04-14 (alebob)

Available from: 2021-02-25 Created: 2021-02-25 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Ericson, Å., Lugnet, J., Solvang, W. D., Kaartinen, H. & Wenngren, J. (2020). Challenges of Industry 4.0 in SME businesses. In: 2020 3rd International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS): . Paper presented at 2020 3rd International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS), 10-12 June, 2020,Gjøvik, Norway. IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges of Industry 4.0 in SME businesses
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2020 (English)In: 2020 3rd International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS), IEEE, 2020Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper problematizes and discuss a change towards new business models in order to highlight some basic challenges of digital transformation needed for Industry 4.0. A particular effort is to discuss if SMEs may have sufficient means to capitalize on such a new paradigm. As an approach to enable problematization and discussion, the paper presents concepts and standpoints that are related to the fourth industrial revolution. For example, the idea of new business models is a concept taken for granted, and is not sufficiently contextualized into digital transformation and Industry 4.0. The discussion sheds some light on the benefit of SMEs' flexibility, while simultaneously it finds mindsets challenges related to change and transformation as critical.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2020
Series
International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS)
Keywords
agile, innovation, value chain, value proposition, digital service innovation
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-80266 (URN)10.1109/SIMS49386.2020.9121542 (DOI)2-s2.0-85087496229 (Scopus ID)
Conference
2020 3rd International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS), 10-12 June, 2020,Gjøvik, Norway
Note

ISBN för värdpublikation: 978-1-7281-6419-9, 978-1-7281-6420-5

Available from: 2020-07-23 Created: 2020-07-23 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Lugnet, J., Ericson, Å. & Larsson, T. (2020). Design of Product–Service Systems: Toward an Updated Discourse. Systems, 8(4), Article ID 45.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design of Product–Service Systems: Toward an Updated Discourse
2020 (English)In: Systems, ISSN 2079-8954, Vol. 8, no 4, article id 45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The engineering rationale, composed of established logic for the design and development of products, has been confronted by a shift to a circular economy. Digitalization (e.g., Industry 4.0) enables transformation, but it also increases relational complexities in scope and number. In Product–Service Systems (PSSs), the combination of manufactured goods and services should be delivered in new business models based on value-adding digital assistance. From a systems science view, such combinations cannot be managed by the same approach as if they were one uniform system; rather, it is an interdependent mix of technical, social, and digital designs. This paper initializes an updated conceptual discourse on PSSs and provides a reflection on the expected challenges in the transformation from linear to circular models. For example, the role of systems thinking to guide early design stages is discussed and the importance of processes for creating shared visions at different systems levels is suggested to be addressed in future research. The intention is to formulate thoughts about radical cognitive changes in order to realize the PSS paradigm.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Switzerland: MDPI, 2020
Keywords
Product-service systems, industry 4.0, circular economy, digital services, innovation, socio-technical systems, digitalization
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-81349 (URN)10.3390/systems8040045 (DOI)000602274500001 ()2-s2.0-85097388590 (Scopus ID)
Projects
The Kamprad Family Foundation for Entrepreneurship, Research & 491 Charity at Luleå University of TechnologyThe Knowledge Foundation in Sweden Through the Model- 492 Driven Development and Decision Support+ (MD3S+) research profile at Blekinge Institute of Technology
Funder
The Kamprad Family FoundationKnowledge Foundation, MD3S+
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-11-18 (alebob)

Available from: 2020-11-09 Created: 2020-11-09 Last updated: 2021-01-14Bibliographically approved
Wenngren, J., Lundgren, M., Ericson, Å. & Lugnet, J. (2020). Distributed ledger technologies building trust in value chains?. In: 2020 3rd International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems(SIMS): . Paper presented at 2020 3rd International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS), 10-12 June, 2020, Gjøvik, Norway. IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Distributed ledger technologies building trust in value chains?
2020 (English)In: 2020 3rd International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems(SIMS), IEEE, 2020Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Business models focused on the design and development of value propositions consisting of a mix of products and services have in recent years become more common among companies. Problems related to trust issues have although led to that companies have difficulties to fully implement these new business models. This paper demonstrates and discuss how distributed ledgers, for example blockchains, can support trust and collaboration among decentralized actors in a value chain network. A demonstrator has been developed and show that decentralization of value chains is possible within certain frames.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2020
Series
International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS)
Keywords
blockchain, distributed ledger, value chain, servitization
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems; Centre - Centre for Critical Infrastructure and Societal Security (CISS)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-80265 (URN)10.1109/SIMS49386.2020.9121489 (DOI)2-s2.0-85087500617 (Scopus ID)
Conference
2020 3rd International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS), 10-12 June, 2020, Gjøvik, Norway
Note

ISBN för värdpublikation: 978-1-7281-6419-9, 978-1-7281-6420-5

Available from: 2020-07-23 Created: 2020-07-23 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0280-3160