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Shared Authority – More Capacity: Hybrid Governance of National Parks in Southern Africa
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0725-9800
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Delad Auktoritet – Mer Kapacitet : Hybridstyrning av Nationalparker i Södra Afrika (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

A state's ability to establish and enforce collective rules is central to its ability to govern. How states can increase their capacity to achieve this in areas where local actors – such as traditional authorities in Africa –are central structures is therefore occupying both researchers and practitioners. I contribute to this growing body of literature by focusing on the de facto interactions between state- and traditional authorities. Based on extensive fieldwork, I study how hybrid governance arrangements with traditional authorities influence the state's capacity to govern through the perceptions and experiences of park- and traditional authorities and local inhabitants in National Park governance in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park and Conservation Area. The findings align with previous scholarships, showing that states can increase their capacity by sharing authority with traditional authorities. I show that park authorities actively interact with traditional authorities to increase their capacity to establish and enforce conservation rules. Negotiations and informal practices harmonize rules, mitigate conflicts, and combine formal and customary enforcement systems, thus strengthening the state system. The thesis underlines that to understand the capacity of the modern African state, we need to include the informal governance practices with local actors in our analyses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2024.
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-105065ISBN: 978-91-8048-528-9 (print)ISBN: 978-91-8048-529-6 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-105065DiVA, id: diva2:1851135
Public defence
2024-06-07, A109, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-04-12 Created: 2024-04-12 Last updated: 2024-05-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Social networks that shape conservation outcomes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social networks that shape conservation outcomes
2024 (English)In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 151, article id 103616Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the role of park rangers’ social networks in two national parks in Sub-Saharan Africa and suggests that the way that actors connect shape conservation outcomes. We do this against the backdrop of how conservation worldwide has moved away from state-centric top-down approaches towards management structures that includes a wide range of stakeholders spanning multiple administrative levels and sectors. This trend entails challenges as well as opportunities for conservation management. The theoretical framework of the study is given by social capital theory and the notion that the structure of social networks – more specifically the three network features of bonding, bridging, and linking – relate to the presence of institutional trust and rule compliance. The findings indicate that the structure of social networks, in particular the different forms of social capital in those networks, matters for the way they function. The result indicates that bridging and linking ties positively relate to institutional trust and rule compliance. These social networks form a basis for building institutional trust in areas where trust towards government tends to be low. Managers should think about these structures when they implement conservation policy. We recommend to 1) foster structures where park rangers connect to a wide range of actors and thus resources, information, and knowledge 2) include park rangers in the decision making for a more efficient and sustainable management, and 3) build bridges that reach the local communities to facilitate institutional trust and encourage voluntary compliance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Conservation areas, Park rangers, Trust, Rule-compliance, Limpopo National Park, Gonarezhou National Park
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-101994 (URN)10.1016/j.envsci.2023.103616 (DOI)001104452000001 ()2-s2.0-85175355286 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-11-01 (joosat);

CC BY 4.0 License

Available from: 2023-11-01 Created: 2023-11-01 Last updated: 2024-04-12Bibliographically approved
2. Nuancing the spheres of authority of chiefs: State perspectives on hybrid governance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nuancing the spheres of authority of chiefs: State perspectives on hybrid governance
2024 (English)In: Governance. An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, ISSN 0952-1895, E-ISSN 1468-0491, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 579-597Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we develop a framework for understanding the different spheres of authority of chiefs aiming to widen the perspectives on how government-chief interactions affect the governance process. The framework is applied in our analysis of interviews with government actors involved in area protection in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFCA). Our results illustrate the variety of approaches and perceptions towards governance with chiefs that exist amongst government actors within the same governance system. Although government actors perceive chiefs in the GLTFCA as a parallel system, chiefs can act as a rival, mediator, adviser, or partner to the government; thus, both enable or hamper government governance.  The informal governance arrangements found in the data between government actors and chiefs moreover underscores the importance of qualitative case studies of hybrid governance systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-96983 (URN)10.1111/gove.12786 (DOI)000972355600001 ()2-s2.0-85153333718 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-03-22 (joosat);

Licens fulltext: CC BY-NC-ND License

Available from: 2023-05-03 Created: 2023-05-03 Last updated: 2024-04-12Bibliographically approved
3. Hybrid governance and traditional authorities: Local perceptions on regime legitimacy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hybrid governance and traditional authorities: Local perceptions on regime legitimacy
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-105063 (URN)
Available from: 2024-04-12 Created: 2024-04-12 Last updated: 2024-04-12
4. Collaboration between state and traditional authorities: Insights from conservation management in Southern Africa
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaboration between state and traditional authorities: Insights from conservation management in Southern Africa
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-105064 (URN)
Available from: 2024-04-12 Created: 2024-04-12 Last updated: 2024-05-02

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